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Topic 16 of 23: Painting and Sketching

Wed, May 24, 2000 (16:58) | Marcia (MarciaH)
Expressing yourself in a visual fine arts
8 responses total.

 Topic 16 of 23 [crafts]: Painting and Sketching
 Response 1 of 8: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Wed, May 24, 2000 (16:59) * 28 lines 
 
Art Tip of the Day

Rubbing (or isopropyl) alcohol can serve a surprising
number of purposes in the studio:

General clean-up. Rubbing alcohol is an excellent solvent
for many jobs where soap and water don't quite do the
trick. The odor is mild and not offensive, and it's
ecologically neutral.

Watercolor special effects. When used in lieu of water,
alcohol creates interesting effects with watercolors. The
colors spread and "wet" very differently. And they're
markedly more granular on the surface.

Pastel blending. Use a small, alcohol-loaded synthetic
brush to blend pastels on the painting surface. You can
also use an alcohol-laden brush to pick up a dab of color
from a stick of pastel, which you can use for corrections,
touch-ups and light strokes of color.

For dispensing small amounts, keep a bit of alcohol in a
small squirt bottle or eyedropper bottle. But protect your
good brushes by applying it with a synthetic brush or
cotton swab.

Art Tip provided by Passion4Art.com



 Topic 16 of 23 [crafts]: Painting and Sketching
 Response 2 of 8: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Thu, May 25, 2000 (12:20) * 15 lines 
 
Draw It Right

One of the challenges of good painting is getting the
subject to look real and lifelike. Most often, this doesn't
happen because of poor drawing skills. So here's a tip for
creating realistic drawings as the foundation for your
paintings: Force yourself to draw what you see, not what
you think you should see. To do this, make your eyes move
slowly along the contours of the object you're drawing.
Then, follow the motion of your eye with your pencil. Try
not to think about what you're drawing and avoid
preconceived notions about how your subject "should" look.

Art Tip provided by Passion4Art.com



 Topic 16 of 23 [crafts]: Painting and Sketching
 Response 3 of 8: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Fri, May 26, 2000 (13:11) * 30 lines 
 
Art Arithmetic

Using a painting knife to create textures in watercolor
requires practice because timing is critical. But with a
little experimentation, you can learn to use a painting
knife in one of two ways: additive or subtractive.

One additive method involves pulling the thin edge of the
knife through damp paint so that water and pigment fill
this groove. Another technique is to dip the edge of the
blade into paint and drag the knife across a dry surface.
Both methods will create sharp, delicate linear textures.

To use a subtractive technique, pull the palette knife
toward you like a squeegee to squeeze the wet pigment from
the paper, lifting off excess paint with a paper towel or
leaving the paint to form shadows. Holding the knife at an
angle suggests wood or rock textures. Use the flat tip of
the knife to create soft lines.

You'll have to experiment to learn when the paint is just
dry enough to work with and how much pressure to apply on
the knife. And keep in mind that these techniques can
damage the paper, so be gentle. Once you've mastered these
styles, experiment with the knife to find your own favorite
angles.

Art Tip provided by Passion4Art.com




 Topic 16 of 23 [crafts]: Painting and Sketching
 Response 4 of 8: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Thu, Jun  1, 2000 (19:51) * 8 lines 
 
Layering Oils and Acrylics

Remember that you can paint with oils over acrylics, but
never acrylics over oils. Oils need to "breathe," and a
skin of acrylics on top of them will prevent oxygen from
reaching the oils.
Art Tip provided by Passion4Art.com



 Topic 16 of 23 [crafts]: Painting and Sketching
 Response 5 of 8: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Tue, Jun  6, 2000 (23:04) * 9 lines 
 
No More Lumpy Paint

If your paint or varnish has lumps and hardened particles
in it, remove the cap and stretch a piece of nylon stocking
over the top of the bottle, and then replace the cap.
Strain the varnish by pouring it through the nylon into
another container. Paint will be strained as you use it by
squeezing it from the bottle.



 Topic 16 of 23 [crafts]: Painting and Sketching
 Response 6 of 8: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Wed, Jun  7, 2000 (18:13) * 19 lines 
 
Glass Painting Tricks

If you get frustrated painting on glass with regular
acrylics, try these tricks:

-Paint on glass that is pre-etched or frosted. You can also
etch the glass yourself with an etching solution (most
craft stores have a variety to choose from). If your paint
still won't stick, lightly spray the glass with satin
varnish or clear acrylic spray. The spray will "frost" the
glass slightly, leaving it no longer clear but adding a
little tooth to hold your paint.
-Another option is to brush on satin- or matte-finish
varnish within the pattern area only. This will leave the
remainder of the glass clear but provide tooth where it's
needed.

Art Tip provided by Passion4Art.com



 Topic 16 of 23 [crafts]: Painting and Sketching
 Response 7 of 8: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Thu, Jun  8, 2000 (21:12) * 24 lines 
 
Care of Brushes

Wipe the brush across a wet piece of soap until a good
quantity of the soap is worked into the bristles. Grip the
ends of the bristles with one hand and with the other hand
move the brush so that the bristles are splayed out and the
soap can work right up to the ferrule. Now place the brush
into a sink and squeeze the soap back out by pressing the
ferrule end of the bristles against the hard surface until
you squeeze out the dirty soapy water. Rinse with warm
water. Repeat this until the soapy water that you squeeze
out is no longer dirty. Lastly repeat step one only, then
gently mold the bristles nice and straight, leaving a good
amount of soap in the bristles. The flat can have a chisel
edge molded by squeezing gently between thumb and first
finger. Leave to dry, with the soap "training" and
protecting the bristles. You will be able to transport
these now without them bending over if they press against
anything. The soap, when dry, can be broken out again when
you want to use the brush.

Art Tip provided by Passion4Art.com




 Topic 16 of 23 [crafts]: Painting and Sketching
 Response 8 of 8: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Fri, Jun  9, 2000 (12:05) * 28 lines 
 
Using Turpentine Effectively

Turpentine only suspends the paint, which then settles down
into the bottom on your container. When you use turpentine
as a cleaning agent, all you are doing after the first
clean or two is stirring up sediment and forcing it up into
the brush ferrules. So take a standard food preserving tin;
making sure that the lid has been removed without sharp
edges. Now take a smaller size tin, like a baby food tin,
and place it bottom-up onto a desk. Now, take screwdriver
with a medium-width end and, with a hammer, gently force
slots into the base of the tin. Don't hit too hard: You
only want slots and not holes. Not too close together or
you will lose structural strength, but enough to cover as
much of the bottom of the tin as you can. The shape edges
should be inside the tin, and the smooth slots on the
outside. Now place the small tin bottom-up inside the
bigger tin. The smaller tin should fill about a half of the
height of the larger tin. Fill the larger tin with
turpentine until the smaller is only just covered. You will
now be able to clean your brushes on the bottom of the
small tin, and the paint will drop through the slots and
gather in the bottom of the larger tin. If you let it
settle, you can pour off the turps and clean out the big
tin every now and again.

Art Tip provided by Passion4Art.com


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