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Topic 5 of 10: This Day in History

Wed, Feb 2, 2000 (15:37) | Marcia (MarciaH)
Events which occurred on the date they are posted.
402 responses total.

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 1 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Wed, Feb  2, 2000 (15:39) * 69 lines 
This Day in History for February 2:

** This is Groundhog Day!

It was comedian Bill Murray's least favorite day. For those of you
who have seen the 1993 movie, "Groundhog Day", you'll remember that
Bill Murray had to relive Ground Hog Day over and over again. Well,
not here, bubba!

We have the goods on just what this special day is about. Ground Hog
Day is when a bunch of folks in Punxsutawney, PA get up way before
the crack of dawn, put on tuxedos and fancy gowns, march to the city
park, and pull old Punxsutawney Phil out of his little house in a
tree trunk. Then they observe him as he goes about doing his
groundhog shadow thing. If the woodchuck (aka ground hog) doesn't see
his shadow, it means spring is on its way. If the critter sees his
shadow, it means six more weeks of winter, which upsets the folks
gathered 'round. So they fry him up for breakfast... Surely, you've
heard of 'ground chuck'? (Sorry.)

The tradition of groundhog weather watching dates back to this day in
1887, long before Willard Scott. But not that much longer.

** Events

1863 - Samuel Langhorne Clemens decided to use a pseudonym for the
first time on this very day. Now he is better remembered by the name,
Mark Twain.

1876 - Baseball's National League was born. Eight competing baseball
teams met in New York City's Grand Central Hotel. The first president
of the new league was Morgan Gardner Bulkeley, who later became a
U.S. Senator. The eight original cities with teams were: Boston,
Chicago, Cincinnati, New York, Philadelphia, St. Louis, Louisville
and Hartford. Two of the original teams are now in the American
League (Boston and New York) while Louisville and Hartford are now
minor-league baseball towns.

1980 - The U.S. Hockey Team won its "Do you believe in miracles?"
gold medal. Final score: U.S. 4, Finland 2. The drama had begun with
the U.S. team's upset win over the powerful Soviet team. When the
U.S. polished off Finland for the gold medal, folks all over the U.S.
decided to start believing, indeed!

1987 - In a poll conducted by "People" magazine, readers selected
Katharine Hepburn and Cary Grant as their favorite, all-time acting

** Birthdays

1947 - Farrah Fawcett-Majors (actress: Charlie's Angels, The Burning
Bed; ex-Mrs. Lee Majors; Playboy pictorial [12/95])

1954 - Christie Brinkley (model: Cover Girl Cosmetics; actress:
National Lampoon's Vacation)

1954 - John (Thomas) Tudor (baseball: pitcher: Boston Red Sox,
Pittsburgh Pirates, SL Cardinals [World Series: 1985, 1987], LA
Dodgers [World Series: 1988])

** Chart Toppers from 1985

I Want to Know What Love Is - Foreigner
Easy Lover - Philip Bailey with Phil Collins
Careless Whisper - Wham! featuring George Michael
A Place to Fall Apart - Merle Haggard with Janie Fricke
** Know a friend who would like this list? Forward a copy to them!


 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 2 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Thu, Feb  3, 2000 (15:28) * 75 lines 
Your History for February 3:

* The Day the Music Died

February 3, 1959 was a sad day in rock 'n' roll history: 22-year-old
Buddy Holly, 28-year-old J.P. Richardson (The Big Bopper) and
17-year-old Ritchie Valens died in an airplane crash near Mason City,
Iowa. February 3rd has been remembered as "The Day the Music Died"
since Don McLean made the line popular in his 1972 hit, "American

Buddy Holly, born Charles Hardin Holly in Lubbock, Texas, recorded
"That'll Be the Day", "Peggy Sue", "Oh, Boy", "Maybe Baby", and
others, including "It Doesn't Matter Anymore" (recorded just before
his death, a smash in the U.K., non top-10 in the U.S.). Buddy was
inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1986. A convincing
portrait of the singer was portrayed by Gary Busey in "The Buddy
Holly Story", a made for TV movie.

J.P. (Jiles Perry) Richardson was from Sabine Pass, TX. He held the
record for longest, continuous broadcasting as a DJ at KTRM Radio in
Beaumont, TX in 1956. He was on the air for 122 hours and eight
minutes. In addition to his smash hit, "Chantilly Lace", Richardson
also penned "Running Bear" (a hit for Johnny Preston) plus "White
Lightning" (a hit for country star, George Jones).

Richard Valenzuela lived in Pacoima, CA (near LA) and had a role in
the 1959 film, "Go Johnny Go". Ritchie Valens' two big hits were
"Donna" and "La Bamba" ... the last, the title of a 1987 film
depiction of his life. "La Bamba" also represented the first fusion
of Latin music and American rock.

Of the three young stars who died in that plane crash, the loss of
Buddy Holly reverberated the loudest over the years. But, fans of
1950s rock 'n' roll will agree, all three have been sorely missed.

** Events

1964 - Coach Adolph Rupp of the University of Kentucky got win #700
as the Wildcats defeated Georgia 108-83.

1964 - The British group, The Beatles, received its first gold record
award for the single, "I Want To Hold Your Hand". The group also won
a gold LP award for "Meet The Beatles". The album had been released
in the United States only 14 days earlier. Yeah! Yeah! Yeah!

1984 - A sellout crowd of 18,210 at Madison Square Garden in New York
City saw Carl Lewis best his own world record in the long jump by
9-1/4 inches.

1989 - Former first baseman Bill White was the first African American
to head a major professional sports league in the United States. He
became National League president this day.

** Birthdays

1945 - Bob Griese (football: Miami Dolphins quarterback: Super Bowl

1950 - Morgan Fairchild (Patsy McClenny) (actress: Dallas, Flamingo
Road, North and South, Pee Wee's Big Adventure, Writer's Block)

1952 - Fred (Fredric Michael) Lynn (baseball: Boston Red Sox: [Rookie of the
Year: 1975/World Series: 1975/AL Baseball Writers' Award:
1975/all-star: 1975-1980], California Angels [all-star: 1981-1983],
Baltimore Orioles, Detroit Tigers, SD Padres)

** Chart Toppers for 1986

That's What Friends are For - Dionne & Friends
Burning Heart - Survivor
I'm Your Man - Wham!
Just in Case - The Forester Sisters

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 3 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Fri, Feb  4, 2000 (20:36) * 67 lines 
Know Your History for February 4:

* This is USO Day!

On this day in 1941, the Salvation Army, the YMCA and YWCA, the
National Catholic Community Services, the National Travelers Aid
Association and the National Jewish Welfare Board pooled their
resources, at the request of U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt, to
form a new organization. The United Service Organizations was created
to provide unduplicated recreational services to members of the U.S.
Armed Forces who were on leave.

USO centers became the GI's home away from home, providing a meeting
place, a quiet place, religious counsel, entertainment and free
coffee and doughnuts. The USO at once became synonymous with the
entertainment of American troops. During World War II, USO Camp Shows
entertained on the home front and overseas. The Korean War, Viet Nam,
peace time stations, Desert Storm, Somalia ... anywhere, anytime
there is an American in the Armed Forces, the USO is there.

The USO's mission has changed since its inception; its objective is
to enhance the quality of life of U.S. Armed Forces personnel and to
create a partnership between the military and civilian communities

This volunteer, civilian organization, although chartered by
Congress, is not part of the U.S. government; yet without it, the men
and women in the U.S. Armed Forces would be isolated from civilian
influences and without a place to call home.

* Events

1913 - Louis Perlman of New York City received a patent for his
famous demountable tire-carrying rims. We call them wheels.

1938 - The play, "Our Town", by Thornton Wilder, opened in New York
City at the Henry Miller Theatre. The play was a Pulitzer
prize-winner for the writer.

1987 - The show-biz world was saddened when Liberace died at his Palm
Springs, CA estate. He was 67. Lee, as he was known, was the master
of Las Vegas. Hundreds of thousands flock to his museum there
(operated by his brother, George) to see Liberace's garish suits,
trademark candelabra, and learn of the myths behind this hugely
successful star of television, stage and concerts the world over.

* Birthdays

1921 - Betty Friedan (Goldstein) (feminist author: The Feminine
Mystique; founder of the National Organization for Women [NOW])

1923 - Conrad Bain (actor: Mork & Mindy, Postcards from the Edge, Bananas)

1945 - David Brenner (comedian, talk-show host: The David Brenner
Show, Nightlife)

1947 - Dan Quayle (44th Vice President of the United States under
President George Bush)

* Chart Toppers - 1987

At This Moment - Billy Vera & The Beaters
Open Your Heart - Madonna
Land of Confusion - Genesis
You Still Move Me - Dan Seals

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 4 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Sat, Feb  5, 2000 (10:34) * 57 lines 
Know Your History for February 5:

** This is Bobbie Day!
London's finest, known as Bobbies, were named after Robert Peel, who
was born on this day in 1788, in Lancashire, England.

Robert aka Bobbie Peel was an English statesman who first established
the Irish constabulary. The people commonly called this police
organization 'Peelers' after Mr. Peel.

Then, when Robert Peel became Home Secretary of England, he
reorganized the London police. It was 1829 and London's populace had
grown to the point that it needed an organized police force to
question travelers after dark, hold all suspicious persons and quell
any disturbances. (There were already special police to guard docks
and markets and to serve notices and warrants.) Peel organized a paid
and trained force for day and night duty called the Metropolitan
Police of London. Once again, the people nicknamed the police after

They have been referred to as Bobbies ever since.

** Events
1953 - Walt Disney's film, "Peter Pan", opened at the Roxy Theatre in
New York City. Although the film is now recognized as a great work,
not all of the critics in 1953 took to the Disney stylization of the
J.M. Barrie play.

1972 - Bob Douglas became the first black man elected to the
Basketball Hall of Fame in Springfield, MA. Douglas not only coached
the New York Renaissance, an all-black team which won 88 consecutive
games in 1933, he owned the team.

1987 - The Dow Jones industrial average closed above the 2,200-point
mark for the first time. The market closed at 2201.49.

** Birthdays
1900 - Adlai Stevenson (Democratic party candidate for US president
[1952, 1956]; governor of Illinois, UN representative from U.S.
[1961-1965]; passed away July 14, 1965)

1934 - Hank (Henry Louis) Aaron ('Hammerin' Hank': Baseball Hall of
Famer: Milwaukee Braves [all-star: 1955-1965, 1975/World Series:
1957, 1958], Atlanta Braves [all-star: 1965-1974]; home run champ
[755]: eclipsed Babe Ruth's record of 714; baseball executive:
Atlanta Braves)

1942 - Roger Staubach (football: Dallas Cowboys QB: Super Bowl V, VI,
X, XII, XIII; Heisman Trophy Winner: Navy [1963])

** Chart Toppers - 1988
Need You Tonight - INXS
Could've Been - Tiffany
Hazy Shade of Winter - Bangles
Wheels - Restless Heart

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 5 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Sun, Feb  6, 2000 (14:46) * 69 lines 
Know Your History for February 6:

** This is Win One for the Gipper Day!
The 40th president [1981-1989] of the United States and once governor
of California [1967-1975], Ronald Wilson Reagan, was born on this day
in 1911. Reagan also served six terms as president of the Screen
Actors Guild, leading the union of members in his other career:
It was acting that brought Ronald Reagan the recognition and
notoriety that led to his most successful career in politics.
However, it has been written that he had only one notable performance
-- in the film, "King's Row" [1941]; although most of us remember his
many performances as the host (and, sometimes, the star) of "General
Electric Theatre" [1954-1962] and "Death Valley Days" [1965-1966];
and role as George Gipp in the 1940 movie, "Knute Rockne,
All-American". Reagan resurrected the line (from the movie), "Win one
for the Gipper," during his presidency as a way to gather support for
his anticommunist, conservative Republican policies.
Comedians used his role in the 1951 movie, "Bedtime for Bonzo", to
gain yucks and guffaws during the Reagan Years (two presidential
terms). The personable, good-natured President was once married to
actress, Jane Wyman ("Falcon Crest"); but former actress, Nancy
Davis, has been his wife for many years. Son, Michael, is a radio
talk-show host. Son, Ron, has appeared frequently on television (even
in his underwear on "Saturday Night Live") and daughter, Patty, is a
Age has played Ronald Reagan a cruel hand, as he suffers from
Alzheimer's disease. It would be good to "win one for the Gipper" now.

** Events
1943 - Frank Sinatra made his debut as vocalist on radio's "Your Hit
Parade" this night. Frankie had left the Tommy Dorsey Band just four
months prior to beginning the radio program. He was described as,
"...the biggest name in the business."
1971 - NASA Astronaut Alan B. Shepard took a six-iron that he had
stashed away inside his spacecraft and swung at three golf balls on
the surface of the moon. Shepard whiffed the first swing, so, he got
a 'Mulligan' on that one. The others were good, crisp shots that
went, oh, a few hundred yards in the vacuum of space. Due to the
bulkiness of his moonwalk suit, however, he didn't quite get enough
of a swing to launch the golf balls into orbit. But he did take a
couple of divots. Boy, what he might have done with a driver or
three-wood. Fore!
1985 - The noted French mineral water company, Perrier, debuted its
first new product in 123 years. On grocery shelves and in trendy
establishments, one could find water with a twist of lemon, lime or
orange added to the well-established popular product line.

** Birthdays
1895 - Babe (George Herman) Ruth ('The Sultan of Swat', 'The
Bambino': Baseball Hall of Famer: Boston Red Sox pitcher [won 89
games over six seasons/World Series: 1915, 1916, 1918], NY Yankees
outfielder [World Series: 1921-1923, 1926-1928, 1932/60 home runs in
1927/all-star: 1933, 1934], Boston Braves; 714 home runs in 22
seasons; passed away August, 16, 1948)
1911 - Ronald Wilson Reagan (40th U.S. President [1981-1989]; see Win
One for the Gipper Day [above])
1917 - Zsa Zsa (Sari) Gabor (actress: Boy's Night Out, Moulin Rouge,
Ninotchka; Beverly Hills police slapper)
1940 - Tom Brokaw (news anchor: NBC Nightly News, Today; author: The
Greatest Generation)

** Chart Toppers - 1989
When I'm with You - Sheriff
Straight Up - Paula Abdul
When the Children Cry - White Lion
What I'd Say - Earl Thomas Conley

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 6 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Mon, Feb  7, 2000 (20:13) * 89 lines 
Know Your History for February 7:

** Today is Eubie Day!

Pianist, bandleader and writer of 1,000 songs, James Hubert Blake was
born this day in 1883 in Baltimore, Maryland.

Better known to music aficionados the world over as Eubie, Blake
learned his trade from W. Llewellyn Wilson, piano teacher of New
York's black music teachers and entertainers in the 1920s. By the
time Eubie was sixteen, he was entertaining in cafes in Baltimore and
writing songs like "Charleston". Vaudeville was his stage in 1915
when he teamed with Noble Sissle. They had a hit song, "It's All Your
Fault" and produced the musical, "Shufflin' Along". Its hit songs
were composed by Eubie ("Love Will Find a Way" and "I'm Just Wild
About Harry"). (The latter became the theme song for the 1948 U.S.
presidential election campaign for Harry S Truman.)

Blake also worked on other Broadway shows: "Chocolate Dandies",
"Blackbirds of 1930" (which produced another favorite Eubie hit,
"Memories of You"), "Shuffle Along of 1932", "Atrocities of 1932",
"Swing It", "Tan Manhattan", "Brownskin Models" and "Hit the Stride"
(the last was accomplished in his 72nd year).

WWII troops, ragtime enthusiasts, jazz audiences, concert goers and
TV viewers have all had the pleasure of being entertained by Eubie
Blake. His honors were many, including playing at U.S. President
Jimmy Carter's 1978 jazz party, receiving the Presidential Medal of
Freedom [1981], kudos from ASCAP on his 90th birthday and recording
on his own label almost to his 100th birthday.

Eubie Blake died five days after his 100th year. Fans the world over
will always honor him by listening to his music.

** Events

1882 - The last bareknuckle fight for the heavyweight boxing
championship took place in Mississippi City. John L. Sullivan punched
Paddy Ryan's lights out and sent him to nighty-night land in round
nine. Ouch! Sleep well...

1940 - Movie fans watched the world premiere of the Walt Disney
animation, "Pinocchio", at the Center Theatre in Manhattan. The
showing followed that of "Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs" as
Disney's second feature-length film. One critic called the show, "The
happiest event since the war." We are still arguing about the meaning
of that statement. Let us know if you can figure it out...

1964 - More than 3,000 fans jammed Kennedy Airport in New York as
Beatlemania invaded the U.S. The Beatles, John Lennon, Paul
McCartney, George Harrison and Ringo Starr arrived for their first
U.S. visit (including an appearance on "The Ed Sullivan Show"). The
'Fab Four' controlled the top spot on the pop music charts for the
next 15 weeks and owned the top of the album charts for 10 weeks.
"Meet The Beatles", indeed!

1985 - "Sports Illustrated" released its annual swimsuit edition. It
was the biggest regular edition in the magazine's history, weighing
in at 218 pages. Paulina Porizkova joined Cheryl Tiegs and Christie
Brinkley as the only models to make the cover more than once.

1985 - "New York, New York" became the official anthem of the Big
Apple. The announcement was made by then New York mayor, Ed "How'm I
Doin'?" Koch. Sinatra fans rejoiced at the honor.

** Birthdays

1885 - (Harry) Sinclair Lewis (1st American Nobel prize-winning
author [1930]: Elmer Gantry; refused Pulitzer prize: Arrowsmith
[1926]; Main Street; passed away Jan 10, 1951)

1951 - Benny Ayala (baseball: NY Mets, St. Louis Cardinals, Baltimore
Orioles [World Series:1979, 1983], Cleveland Indians)

1962 - (Troyal) Garth Brooks (Grammy Award-winning singer: In
Another's Eyes [1998 w/Trisha Yearwood]; Friends in Low Places, The
Thunder Rolls; LPs: Ropin' the Wind [first LP in history to debut at
#1 on Billboard's pop and country charts], The Chase, In Pieces,
Fresh Horses, Sevens, Double Live; has sold over 80 million albums --
second only to The Beatles)

** Chart Toppers - 1982

Centerfold - The J. Geils Band
Harden My Heart - Quarterflash
Turn Your Love Around - George Benson
Lonely Nights - Mickey Gilley

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 7 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Tue, Feb  8, 2000 (12:42) * 61 lines 
Know Your History for February 8:

** This is Boy Scouts Day!
William D. Boyce of Chicago, Illinois incorporated the Boy Scouts of
America on this day in 1910. He didn't, however, conceptualize the
scouting movement -- the Boy Scouts were originated by Englishman,
Sir Robert S.S. Baden-Powell.
It seems that Mr. Boyce was visiting England and one foggy day in
London town, he lost his way. A young boy guided him, but refused any
monetary reward. A surprised Mr. Boyce queried as to why. The boy
replied that he was a Scout and Scouts did not accept a reward for
doing a good turn. This gesture of good will so inspired Boyce that
he searched out Baden-Powell to learn more about the British Scouts.
Upon his return to the United States, he formed the Boy Scouts of
Boyce's Scouts, and all those who followed, included along with their
good deeds, outdoor camping, community service projects and other fun
and educational projects. These are all part of the merit badge
system for boys from eleven to seventeen years of age. Younger boys
start out as Cub Scouts and older young men join the Explorers post.
Salute a Boy Scout today!

** Events
1924 - General John Joseph Carty of the Bell Telephone System spoke
in Chicago, IL. His speech was carried across the nation on the first
coast-to-coast radio hookup. An estimated 50-million people heard the
1963 - Lamar Hunt, owner of the American Football League franchise in
Dallas, TX, moved the operation to Kansas City. He named the new
team, the Chiefs. Dallas got possession of an NFL franchise known as
the Cowboys.
1985 - "The Dukes of Hazzard" ended its 6-1/2 year run on CBS
television. The series was credited with using more stunt men than
any other TV series in history. The show had used as many as eight
cars per episode when the crash sequences got complicated. Waylon
Jennings did the theme song, "The Dukes of Hazzard (Good Ol' Boys)".
1986 - Billy Olson, who actually claimed that he was afraid of
heights, broke an indoor pole vault record for the seventh time in
four months. He vaulted 19 feet, 5-1/2 inches.

** Birthdays
1828 - Jules Verne ('the father of science fiction': writer: 20,000
Leagues Under the Sea, Around the World in Eighty Days)
1925 - Jack Lemmon (John Uhler III) (Academy Award-winning actor: Mr.
Roberts [1955], The Apartment [1960], Save the Tiger [1973]; The Odd
Couple, Grumpy Old Men, Some Like It Hot, The China Syndrome, Airport
'77, The Fortune Cookie, Irma La Douce, Days of Wine and Roses, Bell,
Book and Candle)
1940 - Ted Koppel (journalist; anchor: Nightline)
1941 - Nick Nolte (actor: Down and Out in Beverly Hills, The Deep,
Blue Chips, 48 Hours, The Prince of Tides, Extreme Prejudice)

** Chart Toppers - 1991
The First Time - Surface
Gonna Make You Sweat (Everybody Dance Now) - C & C Music Factory
featuring Freedom Williams
Play that Funky Music - Vanilla Ice
Daddy's Come Around - Paul Overstreet

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 8 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Wed, Feb  9, 2000 (19:26) * 57 lines 
Your History for February 9:

** This is Weather Bureau Day!
In 1870, the United States Weather Bureau was authorized by Congress.
We think people always just sat around and talked about the weather,
but it took an act of Congress to do something about it! The weather
bureau is officially known as the National Weather Service (NWS) and
is a department of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric
Administration (NOAA).
The National Weather Service protects the life and property of U.S.
citizens by issuing forecasts and warnings for natural disasters such
as hurricanes, tornadoes, floods, and severe weather conditions. NWS
communicates this information to the populace through an intricate
and varied network. The NOAA Weather Wire Service or NWWS is the
primary satellite communications system for NWS transmission.
Warnings and other services are delivered in this manner to
newspapers, radio and TV stations and emergency agencies. More than
6400 individual products are transmitted every day.
NWS also generates data to be delivered to the public over a
nationwide network of FM radio transmitter sites. Most of the U.S.
including Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands, Guam and American Samoa
can receive these broadcasts. Cable TV weather channels and AM radio
channels also broadcast this information.

** Events
1895 - The first college basketball game was played as Minnesota
State School of Agriculture defeated the Porkers of Hamline College,
9-3. That was basketball at its finest, folks...
1964 - Several days after their arrival in the U.S., the Beatles made
the first of three record-breaking appearances on "The Ed Sullivan
Show". The audience viewing the Fab Four was estimated at 73,700,000
people in TV land. The Beatles sang "She Loves You" and "I Want to
Hold Your Hand". One could barely hear the songs above the screams of
the girls in the audience.
1969 - The Boeing 747 flew its inaugural flight this day. The
milestone ushered in the age of the jumbo jet.

** Birthdays
1914 - Carmen Miranda (de Cunha) ('Brazilian Bombshell': singer: Mama
Eu Quero, The Lady with the Tutti Frutti Hat; dancer, actress:
Copacabana, Springtime in the Rockies, Down Argentine Way; Chiquita
1928 - Roger Mudd (newsman: CBS News, NBC News, PBS)
1945 - Mia Farrow (Maria de Lourdes Villers) (actress: Peyton Place,
Hannah and Her Sisters, Rosemary's Baby; ex-Mrs. Frank Sinatra;
ex-Mrs. Woody Allen)

** Chart Toppers - 1984
Karma Chameleon - Culture Club
Joanna - Kool & The Gang
Running with the Night - Lionel Richie
Show Her - Ronnie Milsap


 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 9 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Thu, Feb 10, 2000 (14:10) * 56 lines 
Your History for February 10:
** This is Fit News Day!
How did the newspaper that holds a top-ranking position in journalism
get to such enviable heights? The publishers, editors and writers
obviously believed in its slogan. "All the news that's fit to print"
has appeared on the front page of "The New York Times" since this day
in 1897.
Henry J. Raymond and two associates started "The New York Times" in
1851. It began as a penny paper ... one cent for news vs. the
six-cent political rags of the day. In October of 1896, the paper
held a contest offering readers a one-hundred-dollar prize if they
could come up with a better slogan ... in ten words or less ... than
"All the news that's fit to print." No one did.
And no one has, since. Over one million people read "The New York
Times" every day, making it the seventh most-read paper in the world
and the third in the United States, behind "The Wall Street Journal"
and "USA Today".

** Events
1934 - The first imperforated, ungummed sheets of postage stamps were
issued by the U.S. Postal Service in New York City. Talk about
inconvenience! One had to cut the stamps out of the sheet and then
put some glue on the back to get them to stick on an envelope.
Fortunately, the Postal Service changed this idea after many
complaints. Letters were, literally, gumming up the works...
1956 - Elvis Presley wiggled his way through "Heartbreak Hotel" this
day for RCA Records in Nashville, TN. The record received two gold
records, one for each side. The hit on the other side was "I Was the
One". For those wanting to know even more trivia that will make you a
big hit at cocktail parties, tell your friends that the first known
million-seller was by Ben Selvin back in 1919. It, too, was a two
sided hit, featuring "I'm Forever Blowing Bubbles" and "Darandella".
Now, you really are up to date!
1985 - One of the Houston Rockets' 'Twin Towers',
seven-foot-four-inch Ralph Sampson (the Rockets star center), scored
24 points to lead the West over the East, 140-129 in the NBA All-Star
Game in Indianapolis, IN. Sampson was named the games' Most Valuable

** Birthdays
1890 - Boris Pasternak (poet, writer: Doctor Zhivago)
1893 - Jimmy Durante (actor, comedian: "Good night Mrs. Calabash,
wherever you are."; Ziegfeld Follies, The Man Who Came to Dinner, It
Happened in Brooklyn, The Jimmy Durante Show)
1950 - Mark Spitz (swimmer: U.S. Olympic 9-time gold medal winner,
the most gold medals won by an individual [seven in 1972 and 2 in

** Chart Toppers
I Want to Know What Love Is - Foreigner
Easy Lover - Philip Bailey with Phil Collins
Careless Whisper - Wham! featuring George Michael
Ain't She Somethin' Else - Conway Twitty

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 10 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Fri, Feb 11, 2000 (15:46) * 66 lines 
History for February 11:
** This is Inventor's Day!
Who could have guessed that when little Thomas Alva Edison entered
the world on this day in 1847 the world would never be the same.
Little Al (his folks called him Alva or Al) was a curious child,
always asking questions. When he didn't get an answer, he'd try to
figure it out for himself by experimenting. His incessant questions
exasperated his school teacher so much that Al's mother had to take
him out of school after only three months. A lack of formal education
didn't stop Thomas Edison. He is now considered the greatest inventor
in history. In 1928, the U.S. Congress awarded a gold medal to Thomas
Edison for "development and application of inventions that have
revolutionized civilization in the last century."
His first invention was an automated telegraph message machine. He
attached a gadget to a clock that would send a signal even if he was
asleep. From then on, Edison invented more than 2000 gadgets, holding
1,093 patents, some which improved the inventions of others, like the
telephone, typewriter, motion pictures, the electric generator and
electric-powered trains. He was very close to inventing the radio; he
predicted the use of atomic energy, and received $40,000 for his
stock-ticker patents. And Al was only going to ask for $5,000, hoping
to get $3,000.
He is also credited with inventions such as the storage battery, a
cement mixer, the dictaphone, a duplicating machine ... even a way to
make synthetic rubber. Edison received so many awards for his
accomplishments that he once joked, "I have to measure them by the
One of the world's most original inventions, the phonograph, was also
Thomas Edison's favorite. But, the invention that virtually changed
the world forever was his electric incandescent light bulb.
A century later, the genius of Thomas Alva Edison still permeates
every part of our lives. He died October 18, 1931, but if he was
alive today, we are sure he would still remain humble and insist that
his genius was "one percent inspiration and 99 percent perspiration."

** Events
1752 - Through the efforts of Benjamin Franklin, the Pennsylvania
Hospital opened. It was the very first hospital in America.
1943 - General Dwight David Eisenhower was selected to command the
allied armies in Europe. The General's efforts in World War II made
him so popular that he was elected President of the United States
less than a decade later.
1966 - Willie Mays became the highest-paid baseball player in either
league as he signed a two-year contract with the San Francisco Giants
for a salary of about $130,000 a year.
1987 - North Carolina basketball coach Dean Smith got his 600th
career coaching win as the Tar Heels defeated Wake Forest 94-85. At
the time, Smith had 600 wins and 173 losses in his 26-year coaching
1990 - James 'Buster' Douglas knocked out Mike Tyson in the 10th
round to grab the heavyweight boxing crown for himself. Douglas went
into that bout in Tokyo a 35-1 underdog.

** Birthdays
1847 - Thomas Alva Edison (inventor of more than 1000 patented ideas;
see Inventor's Day [above])
1919 - Eddie Robinson (football coach: record for most victories in
overall NCAA competition [388])
1926 - Eva Gabor (actress: Green Acres, Gigi, The Last Time I Saw Paris)

** Chart Toppers
That's What Friends are For - Dionne & Friends
Burning Heart - Survivor
I'm Your Man - Wham!
Hurt - Juice Newton

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 11 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Sat, Feb 12, 2000 (16:15) * 70 lines 
History for February 12:

** This is Honest Abe Day!
His life was what America was all about. An average boy, born on this
day in 1809 on a farm in a log cabin in Hodgenville, Kentucky, was
able to become the 16th President of the United States.
He studied hard, by the light of a fireplace, to become first, a
lawyer, then a statesman. Abraham Lincoln, one of the most revered
U.S. Presidents, served his country during one of the most turbulent
times in its history. The term of his presidency (1861 - 1865)
encompassed the Civil War between the States. His "Emancipation
Proclamation" made on January 1, 1863 to free slaves; and his
"Gettysburg Address" given on November 19, 1863 at the site of one of
the most famous battlegrounds of the Civil War are still held high as
classic statements of democratic beliefs and goals.
President Lincoln was also responsible for one of the most popular
holidays in the U.S.: Thanksgiving Day. He proclaimed that the last
Thursday of November shall be observed as such. And so it was, and
still is.
Abraham Lincoln lived during tragic times and died a tragic death.
While watching a performance of "Our American Cousin" at Washington's
Ford Theatre, he was shot by John Wilkes Booth and died a few hours
later. Lincoln was the first U.S. President to be assassinated.
'Honest Abe' earned his nickname when he was practicing law in
Illinois. It was his unfailing honesty that made him known throughout
the state. When convinced that his client was right, he could argue
the case strongly. If not convinced, he was hardly powerful in his
client's defense. Lincoln would persuade clients to settle out of
court even though that meant he would receive a lesser fee. And, when
this was not possible, he could argue a case equally as well before a
judge or before an uneducated jury. To Abe Lincoln, being a lawyer or
President meant seeking the truth for client or for country.

** Events
1918 - All theatres in New York City were shut down in an effort to
conserve coal.
1924 - Calvin Coolidge, known by many as the 'Silent President', made
the first presidential political speech on radio. The speech
originated from New York City and was broadcast on five radio
stations. Some five million people tuned in to hear the President
1973 - The State of Ohio went metric, becoming the first in the U.S.
to post metric distance signs along Interstate 71. These new signs
showed the distance in both miles and kilometers. The metric system,
though standard in many nations around the world, never quite caught
on in the United States, except on major-league baseball stadium
fences -- and on that highway in Ohio.

** Birthdays
1809 - Charles Darwin (naturalist: theory of evolution: On the Origin
of the Species by Means of Natural Selection, Preservation of
Favoured Races in the Struggle for Life, The Descent of Man and
Selection in Relation to Sex)
1809 - Abraham Lincoln (16th U.S. President [1861-1865]: assasinated
April 16, 1865; see Honest Abe Day [above]) 1880 - John L. Lewis
(U.S. labor leader: United Mine Workers of America)
1955 - Arsenio Hall (Emmy Award-winning TV talk-show host: Emmy
Award-winning TV talk-show host: The Arsenio Hall Show Show [1990,
1993]; MTV Video Music Awards [1988-1991], The Late Show, The 1/2
Hour Comedy Hour; actor: Harlem Nights Coming to America, Amazon
Women on the Moon, Martial Law; entertainer: Thicke of the Night,
Motown Revue)

** Chart Toppers - 1987
Open Your Heart - Madonna
Livin' on a Prayer - Bon Jovi
Change of Heart - Cyndi Lauper
Leave Me Lonely - Gary Morris

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 12 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Sun, Feb 13, 2000 (17:58) * 55 lines 
History for February 13, 2000

** This is American Gothic Day!
The artist who is most remembered for portraying the architecture,
landscape and people of 1930s Midwestern U.S. was born on this day in
1892, in Anamosa, Iowa. Grant Wood studied at the University of Iowa,
taught there and made Iowa the focus of his paintings.
Wood was not only a teacher, but a printer, sculptor, woodworker and
one of America's first 'regionalist' painters. His was a style that
was purely American. He portrayed scenes of Midwestern rural life as
well as simplified, childlike versions of American history. His first
works were unique in that they combined photographic realism with
satire. His painting, "Daughters of the Revolution" was an example of
Wood's beginning style. "Dinner for Threshers", "Young Corn", "Fall
Plowing" and "Stone City" are representative of his Middle Western
And, there is hardly a soul who hasn't viewed the most famous Grant
Wood, "American Gothic". It has appeared in satirical situations on
television, in magazines and newspapers. Its fame is such that many
who have seen it have never even been in an art museum, yet "American
Gothic" is recognizable just the same. The painting of the
puritanical farmer and his wife, the farmer holding a pitchfork, is
on display at The Art Institute of Chicago.

** Events
1971 - The Osmonds, a family singing group from Ogden, Utah, began a
five-week stay at the top of the pop music charts with the hit, "One
Bad Apple". The song, featuring the voice of little Donny Osmond,
also showcased the talent of Alan, Wayne, Merrill and Jay Osmond. The
brothers were regulars on Andy Williams' TV show from 1962 to 1967.
The group began as a religious and barbershop quartet in 1959.
Together, the Osmonds scored with 10 singles in four years -- four of
them were top ten hits.
1985 - The Dow Jones industrial average closed at a record high of
1297.92 after it topped the 1300 mark earlier in the trading session.
The market went on to post an increase of 21.31 points for the day.
1986 - In a report issued on this day by the Association of Secondary
School Principals, it was revealed that high school salaries for U.S.
principals topped $70,000. The lowest salary reported for a high
school principal was $15,200. The average salary for a high school
principal was $49,670. On average, a principal would hand out more
than 1,342,328,321 hours of detention in his or her career.

** Birthdays
1885 - Bess Truman (Wallace) (wife of 33rd U.S. President Harry S Truman)
1923 - Chuck Yeager (pilot: broke sound barrier; featured in movie:
The Right Stuff)

** Chart Toppers
Could've Been - Tiffany
Seasons Change - Expose
I Want to Be Your Man - Roger
Wheels - Restless Heart

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 13 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Mon, Feb 14, 2000 (13:17) * 51 lines 
Your History for February 14:
** This is Valentine's Day!
Sometime during the 1st century, the conservative right thought there
should be something else to do on this date than to observe the
ancient pagan holiday of Lupercalia. For those who don't remember --
or can't remember -- Lupercalia was an ancient Roman fertility
festival. Instead of revelry and sacrificing goats and dogs, it was
determined that two Christian martyrs should be celebrated. Both were
named St. Valentine. One of the saints was a priest and doctor who
was beaten and beheaded while on the Flaminian Way, Rome, Italy in
the year 269. A year later, the Bishop of Terni met the same fate in
the same place.
Something got lost in the translation and the two celebrations became
one. St. Valentine's Day, the most widely celebrated unofficial
holiday, is a modern-day fertility rite. (There's even an old legend
that says birds choose their mates on this day.)
This is the day that lovers of all ages give tokens of affection to
each other; with kisses accompanied by flowers, candy or romantic,
candlelit dinners. Thoughts of love are traded between lovers; often
expressed in greeting card form or with sunset, moonlight, a glass of
wine and thou!
Hearts and flowers to you on this Valentine's Day!

** Events
1899 - Voting machines for use in federal elections were approved by
the U.S. Congress on this day.
1966 - Wilt Chamberlain of the Philadelphia 76ers set a National
Basketball Association record as he reached a career high of 20,884
points after seven seasons as a pro basketball player.
1972 - The musical, "Grease", opened at the Eden Theatre in New York
City. The play later moved to the Broadhurst Theatre on Broadway
where it became the longest-running musical ever with 3,388
performances. A hit movie based on the stage play starred John
Travolta and Olivia Newton-John and produced the hit song, "Grease",
by Frankie Valli, "You're the One That I Want" and "Summer Nights" by
Travolta and Newton-John.

** Birthdays
1859 - George Ferris (inventor: Ferris wheel)
1946 - Gregory Hines (dancer, actor: Renaissance Man, Tap, The Cotton
Club, Eubie!)
1960 - Meg Tilly (actress: Journey, Body Snatchers, The Two Jakes,
Agnes of God, Psycho 2, The Big Chill, Winnetka Road)

** Chart Toppers - 1989
Straight Up - Paula Abdul
Wild Thing - Tone Loc
Born to Be My Baby - Bon Jovi
Song of the South - Alabama

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 14 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Tue, Feb 15, 2000 (19:59) * 64 lines 
History for February 15:
** This is Reaper Day!
What do you do when there are too few hands to harvest the crops and
there are miles and miles of flat, stoneless prairie on which to grow
crops? You build a mechanical reaper. And that's exactly what Cyrus
Hall McCormick did.
McCormick, who was born on this day in 1809 on a farm in Walnut
Grove, Virginia, had watched his father's unsuccessful attempts at
building a reaper. Cyrus was bound and determined to succeed where
his father had failed. So he went about the task of building a
mechanical reaper which he tested in a Virginia wheat field. By his
25th birthday, he had improved the reaper enough to get a patent for
it. Then, at the age of 38, with sixty dollars in his pocket, Cyrus
went to Chicago where he set up a reaper factory.
The time and place were right for reaping ... the rich prairie
wheatlands of the United States were being developed. Little did
Cyrus McCormick know that he was creating the machine that would be
second only to the railroad in the development of the United States,
a symbol of the mechanical revolution in agriculture.
McCormick survived two decades of court battles to gain patent rights
for reaper parts. He purchased other patents and made his company a
leader in reapers. His invention had achieved worldwide notoriety and
he became a millionaire before his fortieth birthday as head of The
McCormick Harvesting Machine Company.
Cyrus Hall McCormick died on May 13, 1884. 18 years later, his
company merged into what we now know as International Harvester
Company. And the world has been reaping the benefits of his wonderful
machine ever since.

** Events
1758 - Mustard, that tangy, yellow stuff made for hot dogs and
hamburgers, was advertised for the first time in America. Who do you
think was responsible for bringing mustard to the U.S.A.? No, not
French's, nor Grey Poupon. It was Benjamin Franklin. We wonder
whether Ben preferred the yellow or the dark mustard -- and what he
would have thought of the many uses of mustard in haute cuisine.
1842 - Adhesive postage stamps were used for the first time by the
City Dispatch Post (Office) in New York City. They probably tasted
just like today's adhesive lick 'em and stick 'em stamps. Maybe
flavored postage stamps will be the next great idea. Remember that
you read about it first right here.
1965 - Canada displayed its new red and white Maple Leaf flag, which
replaced the old Red Ensign standard.
1978 - Boxer Leon Spinks defeated Muhammad Ali to win the universally
recognized heavyweight boxing crown. Spinks won a split decision over
Ali, who had held the title for seven years. The 24-year-old
challenger had only seven professional fights to his credit. The
title bout was held in the Pavilion at Caesar's Palace in Las Vegas.

** Birthdays
1803 - John Sutter (early California settler: owned Sutter's Mill
near Sacramento, site of first gold strike in U.S.)
1812 - Charles Tiffany (jeweler who had a lot of breakfasts at his
store; name synonymous with highest quality jewelry)
1954 - Matt Groening (cartoonist: The Simpsons)

** Chart Toppers - 1990
Opposites Attract - Paula Abdul with The Wild Pair
Two to Make It Right - Seduction
Janie's Got a Gun - Aerosmith
Southern Star - Alabama

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 15 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Wed, Feb 16, 2000 (12:44) * 50 lines 
History for February 16:
** This is Goodson-Todman Day!
"That's three down. We move now to Arlene Francis." On this day in
1950, Arlene Francis, Dorothy Kilgallen, humorist Hal Block, and
Louis Untermeyer joined host John Daly as one of the classics of
early television debuted on CBS. "What's My Line" stayed on the air
for 17 years -- the longest-running game show in the history of
prime-time network television -- and launched one of TV's biggest
production companies: that of Mark Goodson and Bill Todman.
During many years in the television industry, the Goodson-Todman name
became famous for such hit game shows as "I've Got a Secret", "Beat
the Clock", "The Name's the Same", "To Tell the Truth", "The Price is
Right" and "The Match Game". What many people don't know is that Mark
Goodson and Bill Todman also produced a dramatic anthology, "The
Web", which aired on CBS-TV from July 1950 through September 1954 and
then on NBC-TV (for four months) in 1957.
As the announcer for these shows would say, "This program is a Mark
Goodson - Bill Todman Production."

** Events
1963 - The Beatles moved to the top of the British rock charts with
"Please, Please Me" exactly one month after the record was released.
It was the start of the Beatles domination of the British music
charts, as well as the beginning of the British Invasion in America
and elsewhere around the world.
1968 - Elvis Presley received a gold record for his sacred album of
hymns, "How Great Thou Art". Despite his popularity in the pop music
world, Elvis won only 3 Grammy Awards -- one for this album, the
Lifetime Achievement Award in 1970; then for "He Touched Me" in 1972.
He did, however, receive over a dozen Grammy nominations.

** Birthdays
1957 - LeVar Burton (actor: Alex Haley's Roots, Star Trek: Next Generation)
1959 - John McEnroe (tennis' bad boy for his frequent outbursts on
the tennis court: Wimbledon Men's Singles Champion [1981,83, 84];
U.S. Open Men's Singles Champion: [1979, 80, 81, 84])
1961 - Andy Taylor (musician: guitar: group: Duran Duran: Planet
Earth, Hungry like the Wolf, Save a Prayer, Rio, Is There Something I
Should Know, Union of the Snake, Wild Boys)

** Chart Toppers 0 1991
Gonna Make You Sweat (Everybody Dance Now) - C & C Music
Factory featuring Freedom Williams
All the Man that I Need - Whitney Houston
One More Try - Timmy -T-
Brother Jukebox - Mark Chesnutt


 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 16 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Thu, Feb 17, 2000 (16:42) * 58 lines 
History for February 17:
** This is PTA Day!
The National Congress of Mothers was organized on this day in 1897 in
Washington, DC by Alice McLellan Birney and Phoebe Apperson Hearst.
At first, the objectives of the organization were devoted to child
study. The National Congress urged parents to study the school
curriculums that were being used in the schools their children
attended. The Congress also suggested that parents, both mothers and
fathers, should take reading courses that provided information about
children and schooling.
The group later changed its name to the National Congress of Parents
and Teachers or the NPTA with local groups known as the PTA
(Parent-Teacher Associations). The first State Congress of the NPTA
was organized in New York in 1897. And one of the first major
projects the PTA worked on was the extension of kindergartens to the
elementary school grades.
In recent years many local PTA groups emphasized greater involvement
of students and are known as Parent-Teacher-Student Associations or
PTA or PTSA meetings are commonly held monthly at public schools
throughout the U.S. If you're a member, remember that you're supposed
to be promoting the educational, emotional and social welfare of our

** Events
1958 - Former New York Giants football star Frank Gifford signed a
seven-year contract with Warner Brothers in a film deal that didn't
make him the movie star the studio expected. So, Giff went into
broadcasting instead. His first job was as a sportscaster for WCBS-TV
in New York. He then moved to WABC-TV in New York and on to network
television as primary play-by-play announcer and then to color
commentator on ABC's "Monday Night Football". Frank is married to
Kathie Lee Gifford of "Regis and Kathie Lee" morning TV fame.
1985 - Postage stamp prices were hiked to 22 cents for first-class
mail in the U.S.
1985 - Laffit Pincay Jr. rode his 6,000th career winner at Santa
Anita Race Track in Arcadia, CA. He became the third jockey to reach
that coveted mark (behind Willie Shoemaker and Johnny Longden). Talk
about a Winner's Circle of racing legends...
1987 - Don Mattingly won the highest award in the 13-year history of
salary arbitration when a judge ruled that the New York Yankee first
baseman deserved a salary of $1,975,000. Have times ever changed...

** Birthdays
1766 - Thomas Malthus (economist, demographer: The Malthusian Theory:
population growth exceed production growth)
1934 - Willie (Charles) Kirkland (baseball: SF Giants, Cleveland
Indians Baltimore Orioles, Washington Senators)
1936 - Jim Brown (Pro Football Hall of Famer; actor: The Dirty Dozen,
El Condor, Ice Station Zebra, Crack House)

** Chart Toppers
Karma Chameleon - Culture Club
Joanna - Kool & The Gang
Jump - Van Halen
That's the Way Love Goes - Merle Haggard

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 17 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Fri, Feb 18, 2000 (14:21) * 46 lines 
History for February 18:
** This is Nude Descending a Staircase Day!
No, this isn't about the latest Hugh Hefner "Playboy" centerfold...
We speak of this day in 1913 when the famous French painting, "Nude
Descending a Staircase" by the French artist Marcel Duchamp, was
displayed at an 'Armory Show' (don't ask) in New York City. The work
was labeled as America's first look at modern art. Critics called the
work "scandalous" and "meaningless." Yeah, well, it's a beautiful,
classic work of art no matter if it looks like an android doing "The Twist".

** Events
1841 - The first continuous filibuster in the U.S. Senate began. It
lasted until March 11th. Talk about a big bag of wind...
1908 - U.S. postage stamps were sold for the very first time. They
cost only a penny...
1985 - Diver Greg Louganis was recognized as the top amateur athlete
in the United States, as he received the James E. Sullivan Award of
the Amateur Athletic Union in Indianapolis, IN. Louganis had won
double gold at the 1984 Olympic Games.
1987 - The executives of the Girl Scout movement decided, because the
older girls wanted a change, that it was time to change the color of
the scout uniform from the traditional Girl Scout green to the newer
Girl Scout blue.

** Birthdays
1920 - Jack Palance (Vladimir Palahnuik) (Academy Award-winning
actor: City Slickers [1991]; Requiem for a Heavyweight, Batman,
Cyborg 2, Cops and Robbersons, Bronk, Ripley's Believe It or Not)
1931 - Toni Morrison (Chloe Anthony Wofford) (Nobel Prize [1993] and
Pulitzer Prize-winning author: Beloved [1988]; National Book Critics
Circle Award: Song of Solomon [1977], Jazz, Tar Baby, Sula, The
Bluest Eye)
1933 - Yoko Ono Lennon (singer: Walking on Thin Ice; artist; John
Lennon's widow)
1954 - John Travolta (actor: Welcome Back Kotter, Saturday Night
Fever, Grease, Urban Cowboy, Pulp Fiction, Get Shorty, Broken Arrow)
1957 - Vanna White (Rosich) (TV game show personality: Wheel of Fortune)
1964 - Matt Dillon (actor: My Bodyguard, Drugstore Cowboy, The Outsiders)

** Chart Toppers - 1985
Careless Whisper - Wham! featuring George Michael
Loverboy - Billy Ocean
Method of Modern Love - Daryl Hall John Oates
Make My Life with You - The Oak Ridge Boys

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 18 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Sat, Feb 19, 2000 (12:24) * 62 lines 
History for February 19:
** This is Bollingen Prize Day!
Thanks to the Bollingen Foundation and Yale University, starving
poets have the opportunity to win thousands of dollars. The first
Bollingen Prize in poetry ($5,000) was awarded to Ezra Pound on this
day in 1949. Mr. Pound was presented with the prize for his poetry
collection, "The Pisan Cantos". Unfortunately, this first award
presentation by the Bollingen Foundation was filled with controversy.
It seems that Ezra Pound, a talented poet, was also a pro-fascist,
and had been charged with treason for broadcasting his political
beliefs while in Italy during WWII. Pound was still given the award.
The Bollingen Prize was presented annually through 1963 when Robert
Frost was the recipient, after which it became a biennial award. The
$5,000 award was upped to $10,000 in 1989 when Edgar Bowers was the
prize winner, and to $25,000 in 1995. The $25,000 award went to poet,
Kenneth Koch.
Keep writing those odes, rhymes and stanzas. You may be the next
winner of the Bollingen Prize in Poetry. And maybe, just maybe, the
award will receive another cost-of-living adjustment.

** Events
1878 - Thomas Alva Edison, famed inventor, patented a music player at
his laboratory in Menlo Park, NJ. (This music device is the one we
know as the phonograph.) Here's the real skinny on the story: Edison
paid his assistant $18 to make the device from a sketch Edison had
drawn. Originally, Edison had set out to invent a telegraph repeater,
but came up with the phonograph or, as he called it, the speaking
machine. When asked why he invented the machine, Edison told
reporters, "How else am I gonna listen to my Dixie Chicks stuff?"
1942 - The New York Yankees announced that they would admit 5,000
uniformed servicemen free to each of their home ball games during the
coming season.
1984 - The XIV Winter Olympic Games ended at Sarajevo, Yugoslavia.
The Soviet Union led all countries with 25 medals, the United States
captured nine medals to tie for fifth place. Within the shadow of
what was the Olympic Stadium, hundreds, maybe thousands, of Bosnians
are now buried; the result of the civil war that began in the early
1985 - Mickey Mouse was welcomed to China as part of the 30th
anniversary of Disneyland. The touring mouse played 30 cities in 30
days. Tough schedule even for a mouse!
1987 - A controversial anti-smoking ad aired for the first time on
television. It featured actor Yul Brynner in a public service
announcement that was recorded shortly before his October 1985 death
from lung cancer.

** Birthdays
1473 - Nicolaus Copernicus (Mikolaj Kopernick) (Polish astronomer:
the Copernican theory: the sun is the center of our universe)
1924 - Lee Marvin (Academy Award-winning Best Actor: Cat Ballou
[1965]; The Caine Mutiny, The Dirty Dozen, Delta Force, Ship of
Fools; passed away Aug 29, 1987)
1966 - Justine Bateman (actress: A Century of Women, Primary Motive,
The Fatal Image, Family Ties)

** Chart Toppers - 1986
How Will I Know - Whitney Houston
When the Going Gets Tough, the Tough Get Going - Billy Ocean
Kyrie - Mr. Mister
Makin' Up for Lost Time (The Dallas Lovers' Song) - Crystal Gayle & Gary Morris

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 19 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Sun, Feb 20, 2000 (15:50) * 53 lines 
History for February 20:
** Today is Father of Little League Day!
Millions of kids throughout the world have spent their summer days
playing baseball thanks to a man named Carl E. Stotz. Stotz was born
in Williamsport, Pennsylvania on this day in 1910. Twenty-nine years
later, Carl Stotz found a way for little boys to play at the man's
game of baseball. He founded the Little League Baseball Organization,
which consisted of three teams. (Today, each local league may have
from four to ten teams.)
Boys, ages 8 to 12, formed the baseball teams that played on a
diamond two-thirds the size of a regulation diamond; and played for
six innings. Wearing rubber cleats and using bats no longer than 33
inches, boys were able to participate in America's favorite pastime.
Girls have been included in Little League since 1974 and championship
tournaments are played at the end of the regular season of at least
15 games. The tournaments are held to select eight regional winners
from around the world.
In honor of Carl Stotz, each August, the regional winners from the
U.S. compete in the Little League World Series in Williamsport,

** Events
1792 - President George Washington signed the Postal Service Act.
Letters delivered up to 30 miles cost six cents to mail. For letters
up to 150 miles, postage was 12-1/2 cents. And, just like today,
letters over 150 miles were not guaranteed to be delivered at all.
1962 - America's first space hero, John Glenn, made space history.
Glenn orbited the world three times in 4 hours, 55 minutes.
"Godspeed, John Glenn. You're cleared for orbit."
1974 - After a decade of marriage, Cher filed for separation from
husband Sonny Bono. Not long afterwards, she filed for divorce and
the accompanying alimony. This time she sang, "I Got You Babe", for
real ... before becoming a successful solo singer and movie actress
in films such as "Moonstruck" (Best Actress Oscar in 1987).

** Birthdays
1946 - J. (Jerome) Geils (guitarist: group: The J. Geils Band:
Looking for a Love, Give It to Me, Freeze-Frame, Centerfold)
1955 - Kelsey Grammer (Emmy Award-winning actor: Frasier [1994,
1995]; Cheers, Another World)
1963 - Charles Barkley (basketball: Phoenix Suns; shortest player
[6'6"] to lead NBA in rebounds)
1967 - Kurt Cobain (musician, singer: group: Nirvana: LP: Nevermind;
creator of grunge rock; passed away [apparent suicide] April 8, 1994)
1967 - Andrew Shue (actor: Melrose Place)

** Chart Toppers - 1987
Livin' on a Prayer - Bon Jovi
Change of Heart - Cyndi Lauper
Touch Me (I Want Your Body) - Samantha Fox
How Do I Turn You On - Ronnie Milsap

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 20 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Mon, Feb 21, 2000 (11:59) * 55 lines 
History for February 21:
** Today is Washington Monument Day!
On this day in 1855, the official dedication of the Washington
Monument took place in Washington, D.C., although the monument wasn't
completed for another thirty-three years. In fact, the structure took
a total of forty-eight years to finish.
The stone obelisk honoring the first President of the United States
was designed by Robert Mills who died in this, the year of the
A major visitor attraction, one can see the entire city of Washington
D.C., plus parts of the surrounding states of Virginia and Maryland
from the top of the 555-foot monument. If you visit the city when the
cherry trees are in blossom, you will be treated to a spectacular
view from ground level too, as images of the blossoms and monument
shimmer in the rectangular pool facing the Washington Monument. Now,
that's something to reflect on...

** Events
1878 - The first telephone directories issued in the U.S. were
distributed to residents in New Haven, CT. It was easy to "Let Your
Fingers Do the Walking" at that time as only 50 subscribers' names
were listed.
1981 - Dolly Parton reached the top spot on the pop music charts with
"9 to 5", from the movie of the same name, in which Dolly starred
with Lili Tomlin and Jane Fonda. The hit song stayed at #1 for a
week, gave way to Eddie Rabbitt's "I Love a Rainy Night" and bounced
back two weeks later for another week at Number One.
1984 - The Toy Manufacturers of America met in New York City to show
the top toys of the year. They included: Menudo, Michael Jackson
(accessories sold separately), Mr. T. and Judy Garland from "The
Wizard of Oz". Dolls were very big that year...

** Birthdays
1927 - Erma Bombeck (Fiste) (humorist, columnist, writer: The Grass
Is Always Greener over the Septic Tank)
1936 - Barbara Jordon (lawyer, educator, U.S. Congresswoman)
1943 - David Geffen (Tony Award-winning producer: Cats [1983], M
Butterfly [1988]; Miss Saigon, Beetlejuice, Risky Business record
executive: Geffen Records; partner in famous Dreamworks film
production company with Jeffrey Katzenberg, Steven Spielberg)
1946 - Tyne (Ellen) Daly (Tony Award: Gypsy [1990] and Emmy
Award-winning actress: Cagney and Lacey [1982-83, 1983-84, 1984-85,
1987-88]; Christy, On the Town, Your Place or Mine, A Matter of Life
and Death, Speedtrap, Intimate Strangers, The Enforcer, Larry, Angel
Unchained, The Butter and Egg Man, John and Mary, The Virginian;
daughter of actors James Daly and Hope Newell; sister of actor Tim Daly)

** Chart Toppers - 1988
Seasons Change - Expose
What Have I Done to Deserve This? - Pet Shop Boys & Dusty Springfield
Father Figure - George Michael
Twinkle, Twinkle Lucky Star - Merle Haggard

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 21 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Tue, Feb 22, 2000 (11:28) * 69 lines 
History for February 22:
** This is Gentle Giant Day!
How tall is the tallest man? Most information collected before the
1900s can not be proven. In fact, exaggeration and dishonesty
prevailed. Even medical papers were unreliable. Depending on the
measurements of the time and the translation of such, even Goliath
stood a mere 6 feet, 10 inches.
However, there is irrefutable evidence that Robert Pershing Wadlow,
born on this day in 1918 in Alton, Illinois, still holds the record
for being the tallest recorded man. Oh yes, Robert was quite normal
at birth, weighing in at 8.5 lbs. At the age of two, he had a double
hernia operation and something changed. He started to grow, and grow
and grow. By age 5 he was 5'4" tall and weighed 105 lbs. On his 8th
birthday, Robert weighed in at 169 lbs. and topped the ruler at six
feet. He grew another foot by the time he was thirteen and still
another by his seventeenth year.
On June 27, 1940, Mr. Wadlow was measured by Dr. Cyril MacBryde and
Dr. C. M. Charles, Associate Professor of Anatomy at Washington
University School of Medicine in St. Louis, Missouri. They recorded
Wadlow's height at 8' 11.1". A week later, Wadlow was fitted with a
brace on his right leg. The brace fit poorly and inflamed his ankle,
causing cellulitis. Robert Wadlow died from the infection on July 15,
1940. A coffin was made especially for him: 10'9" long, 32" wide, 30"
deep. Had he not died, he would have continued to grow, according to
the doctors.
Wadlow, who faced constant public attention and often, ridicule, was
always kind, patient and friendly, a demeanor that earned him the
nickname 'the gentle giant'. Fortunately he was a gentle giant. If he
wasn't, his harassers would have faced a 439 lb. man who wore shoes,
size 37AA, a size-25 ring on hands that measured 12 3/4" from the
wrist to the tip of the middle finger. His arm span was nine feet,
five and three-quarter inches.
What we want to know is, where did he buy his clothes? And, could he
play basketball?

** Events
1860 - Organized baseball's first game was played in San Francisco,
CA. With all the complaints, one would think that Candlestick Park
was the first stadium in which the game was played but, this is not
true. Candlestick wasn't opened until 1960.
1956 - Elvis Presley entered the music charts for the first time.
"Heartbreak Hotel" began its climb to the number one spot on the pop
listing, reaching the top on April 11, 1956. It stayed at the top for
eight weeks.
1965 - Filming began for the Beatles' second movie, "HELP!", in the Bahamas.

** Birthdays
1732 - George Washington (1st U.S. President [1789-1797]; "I cannot
tell a lie..." ; passed away Dec. 14, 1799)
1932 - Edward Kennedy (U.S. Senator from Massachusetts; brother of
35th U.S. President John F. Kennedy and U.S. Attorney General Robert
1950 - Julius Erving II (Basketball Hall of Famer: Philadelphia
76ers: Dr. J. the third pro player to score more than 30,000 career
points [after Wilt Chamberlain, Kareem Abdul-Jabbar])
1975 - Drew Barrymore (actress: Bad Girls, Irreconcilable
Differences, E.T.: The Extra-Terrestrial, Altered States, Wayne's
World 2, Batman Forever, Scream, The Wedding Singer; autobiography
[at age 14]: Little Lost Girl; daughter of actor/director John
Barrymore, Jr.; granddaughter of actor John Barrymore, Sr.;
great-niece of actors Ethel Barrymore and Lionel Barrymore)

** Chart Toppers - 1989
Straight Up - Paula Abdul
Wild Thing - Tone Loc
Born to Be My Baby - Bon Jovi
Big Wheels in the Moonlight - Dan Seals

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 22 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Wed, Feb 23, 2000 (10:29) * 53 lines 
History for February 23:
** This is Stars, Stripes & Marines Forever Day!
It was February 23, 1945 and four days of bitter battle had taken its
toll on the 28th Regiment of the Fifth Marine Division of the U.S.
Marines. Their task had been to neutralize the defenses and scale the
heavily fortified Mount Surabachi. The volcanic peak, at the southern
tip of the Japanese Island of Iwo Jima, was one of the first
objectives of the Marines' invasion of this small, strategic island,
750 miles south of Tokyo.
Although losses were heavy, the Marine platoon succeeded in its
mission and reached the top of Mount Surabachi on this day. Victory
was triumphant -- as the famous photograph (by Joe Rosenthal) of
these Marines raising the American flag portrayed.
The photograph inspired the Marine Corps Memorial, Iwo Jima Statue
which now stands at Arlington National Cemetery, the largest cast
bronze statue in the world. This monument is dedicated to all U.S.
Marines (since 1775) who have given their lives for their country.
As the flag was being raised, Navy Secretary Forrestal was standing
on the beachhead below. When he saw Old Glory waving in the breeze,
he told Lt. General Holland M. Smith, "The raising of that flag on
Surabachi means a Marine Corps for the next 500 years."

** Events
1957 - The United States Supreme Court ruled that professional
football operations of the NFL did fall within coverage of existing
antitrust laws.
1974 - The Symbionese Liberation Army demanded $4 million more for
the release of Patty Hearst. Hearst had been kidnapped on February
4th and her father, publisher Randolph Hearst, had already coughed up
$2 million hoping for her freedom. Randolph said he would consider
this request too.
1985 - Breaking with tradition, the TV show, "Gimme a Break", was
broadcast live before a studio audience. It was the first TV sitcom
to be seen live since television's Golden Age in the 1950s.

** Birthdays
1685 - George Frederick Handel (composer: Messiah)
1939 - Peter Fonda (director, actor: Easy Rider, Futureworld, The
Wild Angel's, Love and a .45; Jane's brother; Henry's son; Bridget's
1943 - Fred Biletnikoff (football: Oakland Raiders wide receiver:
Super Bowl II, XI)
1963 - Bobby (Roberto Martin Antonio) Bonilla (baseball: Chicago
White Sox Pittsburgh Pirates [all-star: 1988-1991], NY Mets
[all-star: 1993, 1995/highest salary in baseball: 1994: $6,300,000],
Baltimore Orioles)

** Chart Toppers - 1990
Opposites Attract - Paula Abdul with The Wild Pair
Two to Make It Right - Seduction
Escapade - Janet Jackson
On Second Thought - Eddie Rabbitt

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 23 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Thu, Feb 24, 2000 (15:29) * 60 lines 
History for February 24:
** Today is Voice of America Day!
It was an historic day in radio broadcasting, as the Voice of America
(VOA) signed on for the first time on this day in 1942. The
worldwide, shortwave radio service, a department of the United States
Government, continues to beam a variety of programming around the
globe under the auspices of the United States Information Agency
The VOA transmits from modern studios in Washington, DC and beams
much of its programming via satellite to transmitters worldwide. In
addition, the VOA maintains huge transmitters in the U.S. and around
the world in order to provide distinctly American information,
culture and entertainment, in dozens of languages, to every corner of
the globe. For years, the tune, "Yankee Doodle", has opened each
sign-on broadcast.
More than 40 years after the VOA was launched, the USIA started Radio
Marti, an immensely powerful radio transmitter tethered from a huge
blimp in the Florida Keys. The controversial station broadcast to
Cuba, irritating Cuban Premier Fidel Castro enough for him to jam the
signals of U.S. broadcasters. The Radio Marti blimp crashed after
deflating while airborne a number of years ago. The station returned
to the air and has been joined by TV Marti as well.

** Events
1866 - The Capitol in Washington, DC displayed an American flag made
entirely of American bunting -- another first.
1940 - Frances Langford recorded one of the classic songs of all time
-- and one that would become a Walt Disney trademark. "When You Wish
Upon a Star" was recorded on Decca Records during a session in Los
Angeles. Many artists have recorded the song, including pop diva
Linda Ronstadt (with the Nelson Riddle Orchestra in the early 1980s).
One can hear the song not only on record, but as the theme in the
opening credits of any Disney movie, video and TV program and those
"I'm going to Disneyland/World!" commercials, too.
1942 - The U.S. Government shut down deliveries of all 12-gauge
shotguns for sporting use. The Feds needed to make more weapons
available for war production.
1985 - Quarterback Doug Flutie played his first game as a pro. Flutie
led the New Jersey Generals against Birmingham, losing 38-28. The
former Boston College standout had a shaky start in his USFL debut,
but still completed 12 of 18 passes in the fourth quarter of the game.
1989 - Iran's Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini was so irritated by Salman
Rushdie's novel, "The Satanic Verses", that he sentenced the author
to death and slapped a one to three-million-dollar bounty (depending
upon who got him) on his head. Talk about "2 thumbs down..."

** Birthdays
1786 - Wilhelm Grimm (author w/brother Jakob: Grimm's Fairy Tales:
Rumpelstiltskin, Snow-White, The Sleeping Beauty, Tom Thumb)
1922 - Steven Hill (actor: Law & Order, Mission: Impossible, The
Firm, Billy Bathgate, Legal Eagles, Yentl, A Child is Waiting)
1947 - Edward James Olmos (Emmy Award-Winning Best Supporting Actor
in a Drama Series: Miami Vice [1985]; Stand and Deliver, Blade Runner)

** Chart Toppers - 1991
All the Man that I Need - Whitney Houston
One More Try - Timmy -T-
Someday - Mariah Carey
Walk on Faith - Mike Reid

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 24 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Fri, Feb 25, 2000 (12:44) * 61 lines 
History for February 25:
** This is Mr. Magoo Day!
Mr. Magoo was born on this day in 1913 ... well, not really. It's the
birthday of Mr. Magoo's voice, actor Jim Backus. The actor, who bore
no resemblance to the extremely nearsighted, Rutgers College
pennant-waving, elderly Magoo, brought him to life once John Hubley
created him in 1949. Backus' raspy, Mr. Magoo voice is immediately
recognizable to 'toon aficionados the world over.
Mr. Backus entire persona is also immediately recognizable to
"Gilligan's Island" fans. From 1964 to 1967 (with reruns, it seems
much longer than 4 seasons), he played the role of Thurston Howell
III in CBS-TV's popular "Gilligan's Island" series; and returned for
several sequels, the first, "Rescue from Gilligan's Island" aired in
1978 and was a big hit. (Later versions did not fare as well;
although one can catch them in reruns on late-night TV.)
Jim (James Gilmore) Backus starred in "I Married Joan" from 1952
through 1955; was the first host of "Talent Scouts" in 1962 and
played the role of Dagwood's boss, Mr. Dithers, in the 1968 version
of "Blondie". Jim Backus appeared in many films including: "The Great
Lover" in 1949, "Rebel Without a Cause" in 1955, "It's a Mad, Mad,
Mad, Mad World" in 1963, "Angel's Brigade" in 1979 and "Slapstick of
Another Kind" in 1984.
This is just a sampling of the entertainment brought to us by the man
whose career spanned several decades of radio, film and TV until his
death on July 3, 1989. We miss you, Mr. Quincy Magoo.

** Events
1836 - Samuel Colt was sure as shootin', as he received a patent for
what became his now famous pistol, the Colt 45.
1924 - Ty Cobb, one of the legends of baseball, issued an edict to
his team, the Detroit Tigers, that forbid players to play the game of
golf during training camp. A report in the Detroit Free Press said
that Cobb went so far as to confiscate players' golf clubs! Wow! Talk
about being a little 'teed off', huh?
1964 - Twenty-two-year old Cassius Clay won the world heavyweight
boxing title by defeating Sonny Liston in the seventh round in Miami,
FL. Clay had been an 8-1 underdog. In fact, only 8,297 fans showed up
for the bout.
1986 - "We are the World" captured four Grammy Awards. The song,
featuring more than 40 superstar artists gathered at one time, was
awarded the Top Song, Record of the Year, Best Pop Performance and
Best Short Video Awards.

** Birthdays
1841 - Pierre Renoir (Impressionist artist: Oarsman at Chatou, The Bathers)
1943 - George Harrison (former Beatle, singer: My Sweet Lord, Isn't
It a Pity, What is Life?, All Those Years Ago, Concert for
1943 - Sally Jessy Raphael (TV talk-show hostess)
1951 - Cesar (Encarnacion) Cedeno (baseball: Houston Astros
[all-star: 1972-1974, 1976], Cincinnati Reds, SL Cardinals [World
Series: 1985], LA Dodgers)

** Chart Toppers - 1984
Jump - Van Halen
99 Luftballons - Nena
Girls Just Want to Have Fun - Cyndi Lauper
Stay Young - Don Williams

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 25 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Sat, Feb 26, 2000 (20:56) * 57 lines 
History for February 26:
** This is Grand Canyon Day!
The Grand Canyon was established as a National Park on this day in
1919 by an act of the U.S. Congress. The gigantic gorge that cuts
through the high plateaus of the northwest corner of Arizona was
formed by thousands of years of erosion. The raging Colorado River
was the culprit.
Called one of the most spectacular natural wonders of the world, the
Grand Canyon National Park covered 1,218,375 acres ... and still
does. It measures 18 miles across, over two hundred miles long, and
is a mile from its rim to the Colorado River below.
The Grand Canyon, home to American Indian tribes for many hundreds of
years, was first discovered by European explorers on the Coronado
expedition of 1540. An inspiration for artists, musical compositions,
amusement park attractions, novels and more, it remains one of
nature's most magnificent displays, attracting over two million
sightseers a year.

** Events
1916 - Mutual signed Charlie Chaplin to a film contract. Three years
later, the 'old' Charlie Chaplin films were released and were very
successful at the box office.
1930 - Seven years after Garrett A. Morgan invented traffic lights,
New York City decided it might be a good idea to install some of the
newfangled contraptions. The city fathers had been studying traffic
plans in other cities and had rejected the wide use of amber lights
being used to slow motorists down before they came to a red light.
The New York Board ruled that the yellow lights were ineffective. So
on this date, after too many complaints had been received from
drivers complaining about pedestrians straying into their paths, the
first red and green signal lights were placed at Manhattan street
1993 - Six people were killed and more than a thousand injured in New
York City. A van packed with a 1,210-pound bomb exploded in the
parking garage underneath the World Trade Center. The explosion left
a gigantic crater 200 feet wide and caused over 591 million dollars
in damage. Fourteen of his followers and Dr. Sheik Omar Abdul Rahman
were accused of the bombing. Rahman is now serving a life sentence in
a U.S. prison.

** Birthdays
1802 - Victor Hugo (author: Les Miserables; famous quote: "An
invasion of armies can be resisted, but not an idea whose time has
1932 - Johnny Cash (guitarist, Grammy award-winning country singer:
Folsom Prison Blues [1968], I Walk the Line, Don't Take Your Guns to
Town, A Boy Named Sue, Ring of Fire; TV show with wife: June Carter)
1953 - Michael Bolton (Grammy Award-winning singer: When a Man Loves
a Woman [1991], How Am I Supposed to Live Without You [1989])

** Chart Toppers - 1985
Careless Whisper - Wham! featuring George Michael
Loverboy - Billy Ocean
Can't Fight This Feeling - REO Speedwagon
Baby's Got Her Blue Jeans On - Mel McDaniel

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 26 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Sun, Feb 27, 2000 (19:25) * 32 lines 
History for February 27
LONDON (Reuters) - Here are some notable events from this date in history:
1706 - English writer John Evelyn died; he kept a diary throughout most of his
life which is now considered an invaluable record of the period.
1807 - American poet Henry Wadsworth Longfellow born; he wrote ``The Song
of Hiawatha'' and ``The Wreck of the Hesperus.''
1847 - Dame Ellen Terry, English stage actress, born. She played her first
role at age eight and became the leading Shakespearean actress of the time.
1879 - The discovery of saccharin was reported.

1887 - Alexander Borodin, Russian composer and scientist, died.
1888 - Lotte Lehmann, German soprano born. She sang in ``Der
Rosenkavalier'' after being chosen by Richard Strauss.
1900 - The British Labor Party was founded with Ramsay MacDonald as its
1902 - John Steinbeck, American novelist and Nobel Prize winner, born.
1930 - Joanne Woodward, American film actress and wife of Paul Newman,
1932 - Elizabeth Taylor, film actress, born in London. She made her screen
debut in 1942 at the age of 10 in ``There's One Born Every Minute.''
1933 - The German parliament building, the Reichstag, was destroyed by fire.
Alleging a Communist conspiracy, the Nazis used it as a pretext to crush its
opponents. A Dutchman, Marius van der Lubbe, was executed for starting the
1951 - The 22nd amendment to the U.S. constitution was finally ratified,
limiting presidential terms of office.
1967 - Pink Floyd records its first single, ``Arnold Layne,'' in London.
1973 - Militant Indians began an occupation of Wounded Knee, South
Dakota, in a siege that lasted until May.
1995 - Mafia superboss Salvatore ``Toto'' Riina and 47 other suspected
members of the crime organization went on trial on charges of complicity in
48 murders in Sicily.

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 27 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Sun, Feb 27, 2000 (19:53) * 64 lines 
History for February 27:
** This is Marian Anderson Day!
In the 1960s, folk-rock singer Joan Baez was exposed to the
prejudices of the Daughters of the American Revolution when she was
refused permission to use their hall for a concert. Similarly, the
D.A.R. prevented opera singer Marian Anderson from performing at
Washington's Constitution Hall in 1939. The former was based on
political prejudice, the latter on racial prejudice. Negative
reactions to both incidents were directed at the D.A.R. and
ironically, helped to promote the success of the singers. Anderson
did sing in Washington, D.C., on the steps of the Lincoln Memorial.
It was Easter Sunday, 1939. 75,000 people showed up to hear her sing.
Thousands more heard her sensational voice on a simultaneous radio
Marian Anderson, who was born in Philadelphia on this day in 1897,
was destined to become one of the world's finest contraltos. She
began her singing career as a member of the Union Baptist Church
choir. However, even a performance with the New York Philharmonic
Orchestra could not dispel the racial hate that would prevent her
from having a successful career in the United States. And so, Marian
Anderson moved to Europe where she was accepted for her color and her
magnificent voice and versatility.
Sixty years after her birth, Marian Anderson became the first
African-American to perform with the New York Metropolitan Opera. She
then became a U.S. delegate to the United Nations. In 1961, she came
full circle. This time, she was invited to sing in Washington, D.C.
-- at the inauguration of President John F. Kennedy, and was, several
years later, presented with the Presidential Medal of Freedom.
Marian Anderson passed away on April 8, 1993; but the sound of her
voice will live forever.

** Events
1908 - Star #46 was added to the U.S. flag -- for Oklahoma, which had
entered the union on November 16, 1907.
1942 - Notre Dame football coach Frank Leahy announced his intention
to concentrate on the T formation instead of the famous Knute Rockne
'Notre Dame shift' in South Bend, Indiana. Go, Fighting Irish! Rah!
1974 - A new magazine was issued by Time-Life (now Time-Warner). The
magazine was "People". It had an initial run of one million copies
and became the most successful celebrity weekly 'zine ever published.
Weekly circulation of "People" grew to 3,424,858 by 1994. When you
include the people that "People" is passed around to by other people,
that figure is way higher. "People. People who need "People"."

** Birthdays
1917 - John Connally (former governor of Texas: suffered gunshot
wounds during Kennedy assassination in 1963; passed away June 15,
1932 - Elizabeth Taylor (Academy Award-winning actress: Butterfield 8
[1960], Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf? [1966], Jean Hersholt
Humanitarian Award [1992]; Cat On a Hot Tin Roof, National Velvet,
Cleopatra; Perfume spokesperson [Passion])
1980 - Chelsea Clinton (daughter of 42nd U.S. President William
Clinton and 1st Lady Hillary Rodham Clinton)

** Chart Toppers - 1986
How Will I Know - Whitney Houston
Kyrie - Mr. Mister
Sara - Starship
There's No Stopping Your Heart - Marie Osmond

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 28 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Mon, Feb 28, 2000 (20:59) * 34 lines 
Today in History for February 28
LONDON (Reuters) - Here are some notable events from this date in history:
1784 - John Wesley signed the ``deed of declaration'' formalizing the
establishment of the Wesleyan faith, or Methodism.
1824 - Blondin, pseudonym of Jean-Francois Gravelet, French tightrope
walker who made several crossings of Niagara Falls, born.
1844 - The U.S. navy was demonstrating its new frigate Princeton On the
Potomac River when one of its guns exploded, killing the secretary of state,
navy secretary and other officials.
1854 - U.S. opponents of slavery meeting at Ripon, Wisconsin agreed to form
a new political party; the Republican Party was born later in the year.
1901 - Professor Linus Pauling, U.S. chemist and physicist, born; he won the
Nobel Prize for chemistry in 1954 and the Nobel Peace Prize in 1962.
1909 - British poet and critic Stephen Spender born.
1913 - Vincente Minnelli, U.S. film director, born. He won several Oscars for
his musicals in the 1950s. His marriage to Judy Garland produced a
daughter, Liza Minnelli.
1916 - Henry James, American novelist, died in England.
1933 - A day after the Reichstag burned down, Adolf Hitler persuaded
President Hindenburg to sign a decree suspending guarantees of personal
liberty, freedom of speech and the press and the right of assembly.
1967 - Henry Luce, American publisher, died. He was a co-founder of Time
magazine and also founded Life and Fortune.
1971 - The male voters of Liechtenstein defeated a referendum on giving
women the vote.
1975 - In Britain's worst underground rail crash, 42 people died when a train
crashed at London's Moorgate station.
1991 - After 42 days of the Gulf War, U.S. and allied forces ceased fire and
Iraq told its army to stop fighting.
1993 - The siege at Waco, Texas, began after federal agents tried to serve an
arrest warrant for weapons charges on Branch Davidian sect leader David
1996 - Princess Diana, on what she called the saddest day of her life, agreed
to divorce her estranged husband, Prince Charles.

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 29 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Tue, Feb 29, 2000 (10:58) * 29 lines 
Today in History for February 29
LONDON (Reuters) - Here are some notable events from this date in history:
1792 - Gioacchino Rossini, Italian composer of ``The Barber of Seville,'' born.
1840 - John Philip Holland, inventor of the modern submarine, born in Ireland.
1868 - Benjamin Disraeli took over as British prime minister from Lord Derby.
1896 - William Wellman, U.S. film director of ``Wings,'' ``Public Enemy ``and
``A Star is Born,'' born.
1896 - Shri Morarji Desai, former Indian prime minister, born. He became
prime minister in 1977 but his government was troubled by internal strife and
Desai resigned in 1979.
1944 - The Germans opened a third major offensive against Anzio
1948 - A Cairo to Haifa train was bombed by the underground Jewish Stern
Gang, killing 35 British troops.
1956 - Pakistan became an Islamic Republic.
1960 - The port of Agadir was destroyed in an earthquake, killing 12,000
people out of a population of 40,000.
1968 - Dr Jocelyn Burnell announced the discovery of the first pulsating radio
source (pulsar).
1984 - Canadian Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau resigned as leader of the
Liberal Party.
1988 - Bishop Desmond Tutu of South Africa was arrested for demonstrating
outside Parliament.
1996 - The long siege of Sarajevo was declared formally at an end as
Moslem-Croat police took over a strategically-located suburb.
1996 - In the worst accident in Peru's history, a Faucett airline Boeing 737
crashed in the Andes killing all 117 passengers and six crew. The plane, on a
flight from Lima, crashed at the city of Arequipa, 625 miles south of Lima.

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 30 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Tue, Feb 29, 2000 (13:09) * 86 lines 
History for February 29:
** This is Leap Year Day!
We all know that Leap Year is the year we add an extra day to the
month of February -- giving February 29 days; but do you know when
this all began and why it is called LEAP year?
This confusing state of calendars began in 45 B.C., when Julius
Caesar added an extra day to the Julian calendar every fourth year
upon the advice of astronomer, Sosigenes. Or it could have been 1582
when Pope Gregory XIII ordered every fourth year to be a leap year
(leap year brought the Gregorian calendar closer to the earth's
orbital period of 365.2422 days) unless it is a century year that
cannot be divisible by 400. Or maybe it was 1698 when the Protestant
rulers of Germany and the Netherlands thought it was time they agreed
with the pope, or 1752 when the English made this calendar move or
1918 when the Russians picked up on the Gregorian calendar. It's your
It is called Leap Year because it is not a COMMON year. A common year
consists of exactly 52 weeks plus one day. That extra day means that
a specific date moves one day (Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, etc.)
ahead the following year. For example: if your birthday falls on a
Tuesday in one common year, it will fall on a Wednesday in the next
one. Just when you get it all straight, four years have passed and a
leap year comes along to confuse the issue. A leap year consists of
exactly 52 weeks plus two days. So now, if your birthday fell on a
Wednesday last year, it will fall on a Friday this year (February 29
through February 28 of next year). Got that?
Just be happy you're not listed on our Birthday Board for this leap
year. Those who are must divide their years by four for their
calendar ages unless there's a century year in the way -- one that
cannot be divided by 400, that is.
Leap Years also have a very uncommon tradition attached to them. It
seems that in a Leap Year or Bissextile, a woman could propose
marriage to the man of her choice. At least that's what happened in
Scotland in 1288 when a law was passed making this custom legal. This
traditon spread throughout the rest of the United Kingdom of Great
Britain, as did the law. A woman was expected to enforce and insist
upon acceptance from the gentleman of choice or he would receive a
penalty or fine. A penalty could be that the gentleman had to pay for
a silk or satin dress selected by the scorned woman. And, you know
the old saying, "Hell hath no fury like that of a woman scorned." ...
especially in a Leap Year.

** Events
1704 - The town of Deerfield, MA was raided on this day by French
Canadians and Indians who were trying to retrieve their church bell
that had been shipped from France. The bell was to hang in the
Canadian Indian's village church. Neither the raiders nor the
residents of Deerfield were aware that the bell had been stolen from
the ship. The Deerfield folks had purchased the bell from a
privateer, unaware that it belonged to the Indian congregation.
Although 47 people were killed in the incident, we could say that the
120 captured were saved by the bell.
1860 - The first electric tabulating machine -- the forerunner of the
calculator -- was invented by Herman Hollerith. We think it was
unfortunate that Mr. Hollerith chose to make his invention on Leap
Day, causing the machine to only calculate numbers divisible by four.
1944 - The first woman appointed secretary of a national political
party was named to the Democratic National Committee. Dorothy McElroy
Vredenburgh of Alabama began her new appointment this day.
1980 - Gordie Howe of the Detroit Red Wings became the first player
in NHL history to score 800 career goals (in a 3-0 Wings' win over
the St. Louis Blues). Howe finished his career with 801
regular-season goals. Only Wayne Gretzky has surpassed that mark.

** Birthdays
1840 - John Philip Holland (inventor of first true submarine accepted
by U.S. Navy [spent 57 years working with submersibles]; invented
device to allow sailors to escape from damaged subs; passed away Aug
12, 1914)
1916 - Dinah (Frances Rose) Shore (Emmy Award-winning singer,
entertainer: The Dinah Shore Show [1951], Dinah's Place [1970];
Daytime Emmy: Dinah's Place [1970], Dinah! [1974]; The Dinah Shore
Chevy Show, Oh, God!, Death Car on the Freeway; singer: Yes, My
Darling Daughter, The Breeze and I, Blues in the Night, I'll Walk
Alone, Buttons and Bows; sponsored Dinah Shore Classic pro golf
tournament for over twenty years; passed away Feb 24, 1994)
1972 - Antonio Sabato, Jr. (actor: Earth 2, Beyond the Law, War of
the Robots, Thundersquad)

** Chart Toppers - 1992
To Be with You - Mr. Big
I'm Too Sexy - R*S*F (Right Said Fred)
Remember the Time - Michael Jackson
What's She Doing Now - Garth Brooks

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 31 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Thu, Mar  2, 2000 (11:57) * 72 lines 
History for March 1:
** This is FM Radio Day!
Hey gang, crank up the FM stereo tuner and celebrate the reason why
you listen to that hard rock/alternative music stuff in the first
place. FM Radio began in the U.S. when station W47NV in Nashville, TN
started operations on this day in 1941. W47NV was the first
commercial FM radio station to receive a license, some 20 years after
its AM radio counterpart, KDKA in Pittsburgh. For those of you who
don't remember, FM stands for 'frequency modulation' as opposed to
'amplitude modulation'.
W47NV operated with 20,000 watts on a frequency of 44,700 kilocycles.
FM stations don't do that anymore. They operate in a different
segment of the radio spectrum (88-108 MHz) and at power outputs not
exceeding 100,000 watts, except in rare instances. (There are a few
FM stations in the U.S. with power output up to 300,000 watts and
antennas more than a thousand feet high.)
In the beginning, FM radio was pretty much a graveyard for beautiful
music that numbed us in doctor's offices and in elevators. It became
a primary source for educational programming; featuring classical
music, opera and jazz.
Today, more than 80 percent of radio listening in the United States
is done by way of FM and one can hear just about everything, from
oldies, rock and pop, country and blues to National Public Radio --
not to mention Howard Stern and his ilk. (And if you haven't heard
Howard Stern's ilk, you haven't heard anything.)
That's it. I'm Mr. Wizard. Thank you. And thank you FM!

** Events
1867 - The Cornhusker State, aka the Beef State, aka the Tree Planter
State, aka Nebraska (37th state), entered the United States of
America. Nebraska means 'flat water' in Oto Indian speak. Lincoln is
the official seat of Nebraska government. Nebraska's motto: Equality
before the law. The western meadowlark holds the honor of being the
state bird; while the goldenrod takes its place as the state flower.
Other state symbols include the cottonwood tree (state tree); the
honeybee (state insect); blue agate (state gemstone); whitetail deer
(state mammal); mammoth (state fossil); prairie agate (state rock);
"Beautiful Nebraska" (state song) ... that's original ... and, the
state soil: typic arguistolls, Holrege Series. State soil?
1968 - Elton John's first record, "I've Been Loving You", was
released by Philips Records in England. Philips, not realizing the
potential of the soon-to-be superstar, released him in 1969, just
prior to his teaming with lyricist Bernie Taupin. Elton then signed a
contract with Uni Records and began to turn out what would become a
string of more than 50 hits over the next 25 years.
1969 - Mickey Mantle announced his retirement from baseball on this
day. 'Number 7' was considered to be the final link to the great
Yankee dynasty of the 1950s and 1960s. Mantle's World Series records
include: home runs (18), runs scored (42), RBIs (40), walks (43) and
strikeouts (54). Mickey Mantle died in 1995.

** Birthdays
1926 - Pete (Alvin) Rozelle (football: LA Rams GM, NFL commissioner;
passed away Dec 6, 1996)
1927 - Harry Belafonte (singer: The Banana Boat Song, Jamaica
Farewell, Mary's Boy Child; actor: Island in the Sun, Buck and the
Preacher; UNICEF goodwill ambassador; Shari's father)
1954 - Catherine Bach (actress: The Dukes of Hazzard, African Skies,
Rage and Horror, Street Justice, Driving Force, Cannonball Run 2,
1954 - Ron Howard (Emmy Award-winning producer: From the Earth to the
Moon [1998]; actor: The Andy Griffith Show, Happy Days, American
Graffiti; director: Night Shift, Splash, Cocoon, Backdraft, Apollo 13)
1956 - Timothy Daly (actor: Diner, Wings)

** Chart Toppers - 1988
Father Figure - George Michael
What Have I Done to Deserve This? - Pet Shop Boys & Dusty Springfield
She's like the Wind - Patrick Swayze featuring Wendy Fraser
I Won't Take Less Than Your Love - Tanya Tucker

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 32 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Thu, Mar  2, 2000 (17:59) * 60 lines 
History for March 2:
** This is TIME Day!
Take time to celebrate the fact that on this day in 1923, the first
issue of the weekly periodical "TIME" appeared on newsstands. The
first issue was 32 pages and featured a charcoal sketch of House
Speaker Joseph Gurney 'Uncle Joe' Cannon on the cover. It was the
United States' first modern news magazine.
The worldwide news weekly, founded by Henry Luce and Briton Hadden,
is printed in several languages and is among the most popular
magazines in history with readership topping four million. The
magazine, published by Time Inc., has a corporate staff housed in its
own building: the Time and Life Building in New York City.

** Events
1925 - State and federal highway officials developed a nationwide
route-numbering system and adopted the familiar U.S. shield-shaped
numbered marker. For instance, in the east, there is U.S. 1 that runs
from New England to Florida and in the west, the corresponding
highway, U.S. 101, from Tacoma, WA to San Diego, CA.
1927 - Babe Ruth signed a 3-year contract with the New York Yankees
for a guarantee of $70,000 a year, thus becoming baseball's highest
paid player.
1962 - Wilt 'The Stilt' Chamberlain scored 100 points and broke an
NBA record as the Philadelphia Warriors beat the New York Knicks
169-147. Chamberlain broke NBA marks for the most field goal attempts
(63), most field goals made (36), most free throws made (28), most
points in a half (59), most field goal attempts in a half (37), most
field goals made in a half (22), and most field goal attempts in one
quarter (21). The 316 total points scored tied an NBA record. What's
not known is if Chamberlain set the record for most gallons of sweat
pouring off a man's body during a game.
1974 - Stevie Wonder got five Grammy Awards for his album,
"Innervisions" and his hit songs, "You Are The Sunshine of My Life"
and "Superstition".
1987 - Government officials reported that the median price for a new
home had topped $100,000 for the first time. The new six-figure
price: $110,700, actually, was up from $94,600.

** Birthdays
1793 - Sam Houston (fought for Texas' independence from Mexico;
President of Republic of Texas; U.S. Senator; Texas governor; passed
away in 1863)
1904 - Dr. Seuss (Theodor Seuss Geisel) (Pulitzer Prize-winning
author [1984]: The Cat in the Hat, The Grinch Who Stole Christmas,
Green Eggs and Ham; passed away Sep 24, 1991)
1931 - Mikhail Gorbachev (President of the Soviet Union)
1931 - Tom Wolfe (author: The Bonfire of the Vanities, The Right Stuff)
1944 - Lou Reed (Firbank) (singer, songwriter, guitarist: group:
Velvet Underground; solo: Walk on the Wild Side, Charley's Girl; I
Love You Suzanne; appeared in Paul Simon film: One Trick Pony)
1962 - Jon Bon Jovi (John Bongiovi) (singer, musician, songwriter:
You Give Love a Bad Name, Living on a Prayer)

** Chart Toppers
Straight Up - Paula Abdul
Lost in Your Eyes - Debbie Gibson
The Lover in Me - Sheena Easton
I Sang Dixie - Dwight Yoakam

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 33 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Fri, Mar  3, 2000 (16:45) * 67 lines 
History for March 3:
** Today is Star-Spangled Banner Day!
It was on this day in 1931 that "The Star-Spangled Banner", written
by Francis Scott Key, officially became the national anthem of the
United States. Despite the fact that millions sing (in a manner of
speaking) the anthem before sporting events, civic club meetings and
other public gatherings, it is still ranked as the most difficult
national anthem on earth to sing.
While's Key's lyrics reflected an enduring sentiment of America
during war time of 1812, with its "rockets red glare and bombs
bursting in air" over Fort McHenry at Baltimore, MD; the melody goes
against most everything musical and the words themselves are quite
difficult to remember -- especially those following the first verse.
Originally an English drinking song, "To Anacreon in Heaven", the
melody is next to impossible for most of us to sing. Maybe that's why
it was a drinking song. You either have to be drunk to sing it or if
everyone's drunk, who cares!
Amateur singers embarrass themselves as they attempt to hit the high
notes at the end of the song. They do this in the shower and at
community events; while professional opera singers and pop music
stars go flat ... or forget the words ... in front of national
television audiences. Performers such as Robert Morley, Jimi Hendrix,
Marvin Gaye, Jose Feliciano, Ray Charles and others have had
difficulties in musically translating the nation's anthem.
Almost from the moment the song was adopted officially, there has
been movement to bring about change. Many would like to see "America
the Beautiful" become the U.S. national anthem and every so often,
there is talk of such a change, but to no avail, in this, "the home
of the braaaaaaaaaaaaave."

** Events
1845 - The U.S. Congress passed legislation overriding a President's
veto. It was the first time Congress had done so. President John
Tyler was in office at the time.
1845 - Florida became the 27th state of the United States of America.
The word 'Florida' comes from the Spanish 'feast of flowers'. But we
call it the Sunshine State. The capital of the Sunshine State is ...
no, not Walt Disney World ... Tallahassee. The state flower is the
fragrant orange blossom and the mockingbird is the state bird. Do you
think the mockingbird can mimic Donald Duck? Or maybe it sings the
Florida state song, "Suwannee River". The Florida state motto is: "In
God we trust."
1985 - Kevin McHale of the University of Minnesota set a Boston
Celtics scoring record this night as he poured in 56 points in a
138-129 win over the Detroit Pistons.

** Birthdays
1911 - Jean Harlow (Harlean Carpenter) (actress: Platinum Blonde, Red
Dust, Bombshell, Dinner at Eight, China Seas, Libeled Lady; passed
away June 7, 1937)
1920 - James Doohan (actor: Star Trek TV series, Star Trek: The
Motion Picture, Star Trek: The Wrath of Khan, Star Trek III: The
Search for Spock, Star Trek IV: The Voyage Home, Star Trek V: The
Final Frontier, Star Trek VI: The Undiscovered Country, Star Trek:
Generations, Loaded Weapon 1, Bug Buster)
1962 - Jackie Joyner-Kersee (Olympic gold medalist & 1st woman to
hold world record in the heptathlon: 7,044 points [1992]; 1st athlete
to win multi-event medals in 3 Olympics [pentathlon, long jump])
1966 - Tone-Loc (rap singer: Wild Thing)

** Chart Toppers - 1982
Centerfold - The J. Geils Band
Open Arms - Journey
Shake It Up - The Cars
Lord, I Hope This Day is Good - Don Williams

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 34 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Sat, Mar  4, 2000 (19:13) * 33 lines 
Reuters Today in History for March 4
LONDON (Reuters) - Here are some notable events from this date in history:
1394 - Portuguese explorer Prince Henry the Navigator born. He sponsored
expeditions along the African coast which led to the foundation of the
overseas Portuguese empire.
1461 - In the English Wars of the Roses, Edward of York took the English
throne as Edward IV.
1678 - Antonio Vivaldi, Italian composer, born. Best known for ``The Four
Seasons,'' he wrote more than 230 violin concertos and 120 concertos for
other solo instruments.
1681 - King Charles II granted William Penn by charter almost all of what is
now Pennsylvania.
1789 - The first U.S. Congress convened in New York City until September
29. 28 Senators and 65 Representatives sat for the 13 States.
1791 - Vermont became the 14th state of the United States.
1793 - George Washington was inaugurated for a second term as president of
the United States in Philadelphia. He was the only president to be
inaugurated in two cities the first was New York.
1801 - Thomas Jefferson was inaugurated as the third president of the United
States and he became the first to be inaugurated in the new capital of
1824 - The Royal National Lifeboat Institution was founded.
1877 - Tchaikovsky's ballet ``Swan Lake'' was first performed at the Bolshoi
Theater in Moscow.
1913 - John Garfield, U.S. film actor, born as Julius Garfinkle. Best known for
his roles in the films ``Juarez'' and ``The Postman Always Rings Twice.''
1933 - Franklin D. Roosevelt was sworn in as 32nd U.S. president.
1970 - The French submarine Eurydice sank off the coast of Toulon. All 57
aboard died.
1971 - Canadian Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau secretly married Margaret
1975 - Film actor Charlie Chaplin was knighted at Buckingham Palace.

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 35 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Sat, Mar  4, 2000 (19:19) * 69 lines 
History for March 4:
** Today is Mike Day!
This day is celebrated by disc jockeys, TV hosts, movie stars,
department store announcers, rock groups, politicians and many, many
others. For it was on this day in 1877 that Emile Berliner, the man
behind so many inventions, came up with a thing called the
microphone. Good thing, too, because the Bell System, run by
Alexander Graham Bell, was in desperate need of something to save it
from financial ruin -- and to help the progress of the telephone.
So, the Bell Labs came up with a compact way to put Mr. Berliner's
microphone on a wooden box, with a crank, an earpiece, a cradle hook
for the earpiece and some wires, and called it the telephone.
There was no such thing as a telephone dial. One rang up 'Jenny' (the
operator) with three turns on the crank. That got her to put a cord
into the switchboard connecting you directly to the phone you were
calling. Because of the microphone, people could hear you speak.
Neat, huh?
And in 1957, operators in upstate New York (90 miles from Manhattan)
and other somewhat rural areas throughout the U.S. were still saying,
"Number, plee-uz" into their little mouthpiece microphones attached
to headsets.
Even as late as the 1980s, the average Joe would shy away when a
microphone was stuck in his face. Today, with all the amazing
electronic gadgets we have, hardly a soul is afraid of a microphone.
Witness karaoke!
** Events
1791 - Vermont, the 14th state, was admitted to the union on this
day. It sits way up in the northeast corner of the United States,
adjacent to New York, nestled in the Green Mountains. No wonder it's
known as the Green Mountain State! Coincidentally, that's what the
French phrase 'vert mont' means. Montpelier is Vermont's capital
city. "Hail Vermont" is the state song which goes right along with
the state motto: Vermont, Freedom and Unity. The hermit thrush stands
alone as the state bird; and the red clover is the colorful state
flower which attracts the state insect, the honeybee. The Morgan
horse is the state animal, and the state tree ... you guessed it ...
is the one that makes all that famous Vermont maple syrup, the sugar
maple tree. Every now and then some of these state symbols make
1925 - Calvin Coolidge took the oath of office in Washington DC. The
presidential inauguration was broadcast on radio for the very first
1950 - Walt Disney's "Cinderella" was released. It was the first
full-length, animated, feature film in eight years from the man who
brought us Mickey Mouse.
1985 - "Dr. Spock's Baby and Child Care" was published with Dr.
Michael Rothenberg sharing authorship with Dr. Benjamin Spock, 'The
Baby Doc'. It was the fifth edition of the book to be published.
30,000,000 copies had been printed -- second only to the Bible in the
best seller category.
** Birthdays
1888 - Knute Rockne (College Football Hall of Famer: coach: Notre
Dame [1918-1930]: 122 games: won 195, lost 12, tied 5; killed in
plane crash Mar 31, 1931)
1961 - Ray 'Boom Boom' Mancini (lightweight boxing champion, actor:
The Dirty Dozen: The Fatal Mission, Aces: Iron Eagle III, The Search
for One-eye Jimmy, Body and Soul; film based on his life: Heart of a
Champion: The Ray Mancini Story [1985])
1968 - Patsy Kensit (actress: Tunnel Vision, Fall from Grace, Blame
It on the Bellboy, Chicago Joe and the Showgirl, Lethal Weapon, Monty
Python and the Holy Grail, The Great Gatsby)
1969 - Chastity Bono (singer; daughter of Sonny & Cher)
** Chart Toppers - 1991
All the Man that I Need - Whitney Houston
Someday - Mariah Carey
One More Try - Timmy -T-
Walk on Faith - Mike Reid

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 36 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Sun, Mar  5, 2000 (15:08) * 50 lines 
History for March 5:
** This is Annie Oakley Day!
Just five feet tall, one wouldn't expect Phoebe Anne Oakley Mozee to
be able to use a rifle, a pistol or a shotgun. Yet, the diminutive
Annie Oakley -- as she was better known -- found out, at the age of
nine, that she was a dead shot. Born in a log cabin in Patterson
Township, Ohio, Annie starred in Buffalo Bill's Wild West Show for
seventeen years equally adept at hitting targets with any of the
three weapons.
On this day in particular, in 1922, Annie broke all existing records
for women's trap shooting. She smashed 98 out of 100 clay targets
thrown at 16 yards while at a match at the Pinehurst Gun Club in
North Carolina. She hit the first fifty, missed the 51st, then the
This was a record-breaker, true; but Annie Oakley was well-known
throughout the United States and Europe for her expert shooting
ability. In one day, 'Little Sure Shot' took a .22 rifle and hit
4,772 glass balls out of 5,000 tossed in the air. She could hit a
playing card from 90 feet (the thin side facing her), puncturing it
at least five times before it hit the ground. It was this display
that named free tickets with holes punched in them, Annie Oakleys.
In 1935, Phoebe Mozee was immortalized on film in "Annie Get Your
Gun", which was later made into a musical for the stage. In 1985,
another film, "Annie Oakley", was made for TV. It included
silent-film footage of the record-breaking sharp-shooter, taken by
Thomas Edison.
** Events
1623 - The first temperance law in the colonies was enacted -- in Virginia.
1836 - Samuel Colt manufactured the first pistol: a .34-caliber 'Texas' model.
1946 - Winston Churchill delivered his famous Iron Curtain Speech at
Fulton, MO, "From Stettin in the Baltic to Trieste in the Adriatic,
an iron curtain has descended across the Continent."
1986 - The U.S. dollar made its largest one-day gain against other
world currencies since 1978 as it closed up 2-1/2 points or just over
2.2 percent from the previous day's closing mark.
** Birthdays
1945 - Norm Thompson (football: St. Louis Cardinals)
1946 - Rocky (Robert) Bleier (football: Pittsburgh Steelers running
back: Super Bowl IX, X, XIII, XIV)
1948 - Eddy Grant (singer, songwriter: Living on the Front Line, Do
You Feel My Love, I Don't Wanna Dance, Electric Avenue, Romancing the
Stone; group: Equals: Baby Come Back, Black Skin Blue Eyed Boys;
owned studio: Coach House Studios, another in Barbados)
** Chart Toppers - 1984
Jump - Van Halen
99 Luftballons - Nena
Girls Just Want to Have Fun - Cyndi Lauper
Woke Up in Love - Exile

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 37 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Sun, Mar  5, 2000 (15:51) * 34 lines 
Today in History for March 5
LONDON (Reuters) - Here are some notable events from this date in history:
1534 - Antonio Allegri da Correggio, Italian Renaissance painter, dies.
1751 - James Madison, fourth president of the United States, born. He
sponsored the first 10 amendments to the U.S. constitution.
1770 - In the ``Boston massacre'' five people are killed when British troops
open fire on a crowd.
1778 - Thomas Arne, English composer of ``Rule, Britannia,'' dies.
1827 - Count Alessandro Giuseppe Volta, Italian inventor of the first electric
battery, dies.
1933 - Election returns in Germany give the Nazis and their allies 52 percent
of Reichstag seats.
1953 - Soviet leader Joseph Stalin (Iosif Vissarionovich Dzhugashvili) dies
after three decades in power.
1953 - Sergei Prokofiev, Russian composer, dies. Best known for his
orchestral fairytale ``Peter and the Wolf'' and for his film scores ``Alexander
Nevsky'' and ``Ivan the Terrible.''
1970 - The Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty comes into force with 45
countries, including the three main nuclear powers, having signed the
1977 - In the United States President Carter answers questions from listeners
over 26 states in the first presidential phone-in.
1984 - William Powell, American film actor dies; best known for his roles in
``The Thin Man,'' ``My Man Godfrey'' and ``Life With Father.''
1984 - Tito Gobbi, Italian operatic baritone, dies; he was famed for his role as
``Scarpia'' in Giacomo Puccini's operatic shocker ``Tosca.''
1989 - Time Inc. and Warner Communications Inc. decide to merge into a
world-leading media and entertainment giant.
1993 - Canadian sprinter Ben Johnson is banned for life after he was ruled to
have failed a second dope test just five years after his exit in disgrace from
the 1988 Seoul Olympics.
1994 - White House lawyer Bernard Nussbaum resigns, becoming the first
casualty of the Whitewater affair that had plagued the Clinton administration.

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 38 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Mon, Mar  6, 2000 (10:39) * 49 lines 
History for March 6:
** This is Remember the Alamo Day!
It was on this day in 1836, the last of a thirteen-day siege, that
Mexico's dictator, Santa Anna and his thousand-man army defeated a
little band of Texas volunteers. The last of these 189 brave men (who
included Davy Crockett) died on March 6, holed up in the Alamo.
Their fight for Texas' liberty did not go unnoticed. 46 days later,
with the battle cry, "Remember the Alamo," General Sam Houston and
his Texans captured Santa Anna and finished the job started at the
Alamo. Texas gained its independence.
** Events
1926 - And now, camel news: On this day, in Tunis, Africa, the lead
camel in a race was clocked at an amazing 12 minutes over the 3-1/8
mile course, an average of 3 minutes, 40 seconds a mile. Talk about
gettin' off the hump, huh?
1962 - Frank Sinatra recorded his final session for Capitol Records
in Hollywood. Sinatra had been recording for his own record label,
Reprise, for two years. His final side on Capitol was "I Gotta Right
to Sing the Blues", with Skip Martin's orchestra.
1964 - Tom O'Hara ran the mile in 3 minutes, 56.4 seconds, setting a
world indoor record in Chicago, IL. And he still didn't beat that
speedy dromedary.
1981 - Walter Cronkite, the dean of American television newscasters,
said "And that's the way it is" for the final time, as he closed the
"CBS Evening News with Walter Cronkite". An audience estimated at
17,000,000 viewers saw 'the most trusted man in America' sign-off.
Cronkite retired after more than 30 years in broadcasting. He was
replaced by Dan Rather at the anchor desk.
1985 - Yul Brynner played his famous role as the king in "The King
and I" in his 4,500th performance in the musical. The actor, age 64,
opened the successful production on Broadway in 1951.
** Birthdays
1475 - Michelangelo (de Lodovico Buonarroti Simoni) (Renaissance
artist: Sistine Chapel ceiling; sculptor: David; architect: St.
Peter's [Rome]; passed away in 1564)
1619 - Cyrano De Bergerac (French soldier, author: The States and
Empires of the Sun; subject of famous play whose title bears his
name; passed away in 1655)
1806 - Elizabeth Barrett Browning (Moulton) (poet: Sonnets from the
Portuguese - "How do I Love Thee? Let Me Count the Ways."; Robert
Browning's wife; passed away June 29, 1861)
1972 - Shaquille O'Neal (basketball: Orlando Magic: NBA Rookie of the
Year [1993])
** Chart Toppers - 1985
Careless Whisper - Wham! featuring George Michael
Can't Fight This Feeling - REO Speedwagon
California Girls - David Lee Roth
Baby Bye Bye - Gary Morris

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 39 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Mon, Mar  6, 2000 (12:26) * 35 lines 
Today in History for March 6
LONDON (Reuters) - Here are some notable events from this date in history:
1475 - Michelangelo Buonarotti, Italian painter, sculptor and architect, born.
Described as the most brilliant representative of the Italian Renaissance, he
was famed for his work on the Sistine Chapel, his painting of ``The Last
Judgment'' and his statue of ``David.''
1619 - Savinien Cyrano de Bergerac, French satirist and dramatist, born.
1836 - The siege of the Alamo ended when Mexican troops under General
Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna captured the mission fort garrisoned by Davey
Crockett and 154 Texans.
1853 - Italian composer Giuseppe Verdi's opera ``La Traviata'' was performed
for the first time, in Venice.
1888 - Louisa May Alcott, U.S. novelist and author of ``Little Women,'' died.
1900 - Gottfried Daimler, motor engineer who improved the engine and made
the first motorcycle, died.
1930 - Prepackaged frozen food produced by the company set up by
Clarence Birdseye went on sale for the first time in Springfield,
Massachussetts. Peas, fish, meat, loganberries and spinach were among the
products available for sale.
1932 - John Philip Sousa, U.S. bandmaster and composer of military
marches, died.
1941 - U.S. sculptor Gutzon Borglum died. He carved the heads of Presidents
Washington, Jefferson, Lincoln and Theodore Roosevelt on Mount Rushmore,
South Dakota,.
1944 - In World War II, 658 U.S. bombers began a daylight attack on Berlin
from bases in Britain and dropped 2,000 tons of bombs.
1951 - Ivor Novello, Welsh composer and playwright, died.
1967 - Zoltan Kodaly, Hungarian composer of ``Dances of Galanta,'' died.
1973 - Pearl Buck, U.S. author of ``The Good Earth,'' died; she won the Nobel
Prize for Literature in 1938.
1980 - Belgian-born French author Marguerite Yourcenar became the first
woman writer to be elected to the Academie Francaise.
1992 - Michelangelo, one of the most alarming computer viruses to surface,
struck thousands of personal computers around the world.

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 40 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Mon, Mar  6, 2000 (14:13) * 35 lines 
Commandancy of the Alamo
Bejar, Fby 24th 1836--

Fellow Citizens & Compatriots--

I am besieged, by a thousand or more of the
Mexicans under Santa Anna--I have sustained a continual
Bombardment & cannonade for 24 hours & have not lost a
man--The enemy has demanded a surrender at discretion,
otherwise the garrison are to be put to the sword, if the
fort is taken-- I have answered the demand with a cannon
shot, & our flag still waves proudly from the walls-- I
_shall never surrender or retreat. Then_ I call on you
in the name of Liberty, of patriotism & everything dear to
the American character, to come to our aid, with all
dispatch-- The enemy is receiving reinforcements daily
& will no doubt increase to three or four thousand in four
or five days. If this call is neglected, I am determined
to sustain myself as long as possible & die a soldier who
never forgets what is due to his own honor & that of his

_Victory or Death._
William Barret Travis
Lt. Col. Comdt.

(The Alamo fell on 6 March 1836.)

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 41 of 402: Wolf  (wolf) * Tue, Mar  7, 2000 (18:53) * 1 lines 
wow marcia, a lot for that day in history!

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 42 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Tue, Mar  7, 2000 (19:25) * 2 lines 
I noted that! Wolfie, thanks for coming in is lonely sometimes...especially with one of the hosts missing and one too busy for another conference...*sigh*
Some days have two bunches of history and today there is apparently none!

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 43 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Tue, Mar  7, 2000 (21:42) * 45 lines 
History for March 7, 2000:
** This is We Are the World Day!
The song "We Are the World", from the album of the same name, was
played on the radio for the first time on this day in 1985.
Forty-five of pop music's top stars gathered together to combine
their talents to record the music of Lionel Richie and Michael
Jackson. Richie and Jackson sang, too, while Quincy Jones did the
producing of the USA for Africa record.
To insure that the all-night recording session went off without a
hitch and that the true cause of the song was etched into the hearts
and minds of the wide array of internationally known talent
performing, Richie placed a hand-written sign outside the studio at
A&M Records in Hollywood which simply said, "Check Your Egos at the
The proceeds of the multimillion-selling recording went to aid
African famine victims. The project, coordinated by Ken Kragen, was
deemed a huge success.
** Events
1955 - "Peter Pan", with Mary Martin and Cyril Richard, was presented
as a television special for the first time.
1955 - Baseball commissioner Ford Frick indicated that he was in
favor of legalizing the spitball. The commissioner said, "It's a
great pitch." Many, like Gaylord Perry and others would agree, but
the rules never changed to allow the dastardly pitch. Catchers often
said that when catching a spitball, one needed to wear a raincoat for
1959 - Melvin C. Garlow became the first pilot to fly over a million
miles in jet airplanes.
1987 - World Boxing Council (WBC) heavyweight champ, 'Iron' Mike
Tyson, became the youngest heavyweight titlist ever as he beat James
Smith in a decision during a 12-round bout in Las Vegas.
** Birthdays
1942 - Michael York (actor: Logan's Run, Cabaret, The Heat of the Day)
1946 - Peter Wolf (Blankfield) (singer: group: J. Geils Band:
Centerfold; Lights Out, Freeze-Frame; married Faye Dunaway)
1952 - Lynn Swann (football: Pittsburgh Steelers wide receiver: Super
Bowl IX, X, XIII, XIV; TV sportscaster) 1960 - Ivan Lendl (tennis
champion: Australian Open [1989,1983,1990], French Open [1984, 1986,
1987], U.S. Open [1985, 1986, 1987])
** Chart Toppers - 1986
Kyrie - Mr. Mister
Sara - Starship
Living in America - James Brown
You Can Dream of Me - Steve Wariner

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 44 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Wed, Mar  8, 2000 (11:05) * 49 lines 
History for March 8:
** Today is Beulah Day!
Because Louise Beavers, a talented actress, was born on this day in
1902 and not some fifty years later, she was forced to forever play
the role of a maid. Louise, a member of the Black Filmmakers Hall of
Fame, performed in a time when a black woman was stereotyped and
unable to get choice roles.
Even in the part of a maid, she able to show the world that she was
an extremely talented actress. One critic, Jimmie Fiddler, said her
starring role in the film, "Imitation of Life", was the finest
performance of 1935.
Louise Beavers appeared in more than 125 films over a thirty-year
period, including "Tammy and the Bachelor" [1957], "The Jackie
Robinson Story" [1950], "Dixie Jamboree" [1944], "Reap the Wild Wind"
[1942], "General Spanky" [1936] and "Coquette" [1929]. Yet, she is
still best remembered for her role as "Beulah", the maid, in the
television series by the same name. The part was originally played by
Ethel Waters. A major cast change was made in 1952 when actress
Hattie McDaniels of "Gone with the Wind" fame was to replace Waters.
McDaniels became ill and Louise Beavers took over. "Beulah" ended
when Louise no longer wanted to play the part.
** Events
1855 - A train passed over the first railway suspension bridge -- at
Niagara Falls, NY.
1962 - The Beatles performed for the first time on the BBC in Great
Britain. John, Paul, George and ... Pete Best sang "Dream Baby" on
the show, "Teenager's Turn" on 'Auntie Beeb' (as the BBC was known).
1971 - A new undisputed world heavyweight boxing champion was
crowned. 'Smokin' Joe Frazier, of Philadelphia, won a decision over
Muhammad Ali, who had been previously undefeated. For the night's
work, both Frazier and Ali collected the tidy sum of $2,500,000.
1985 - The Internal Revenue Service (IRS) taxed themselves to
discover that 407,700 Americans were millionaires -- more than double
the total of just five years before.
** Birthdays
1841 - Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr. (jurist: associate justice of U.S.
Supreme Court [1902-1932]; writer: The Common Law; passed away Mar 6,
1943 - Lynn Redgrave (actress: Georgy Girl, House Calls, Chicken Soup
Centennial, Rehearsal for Murder)
1959 - Aidan Quinn (actor: Legends of the Fall, Avalon, All My Sons,
Desperately Seeking Susan, A Streetcar Named Desire)
** Chart Toppers - 1987
Livin' on a Prayer - Bon Jovi
Jacob's Ladder - Huey Lewis & The News
Somewhere Out There - Linda Ronstadt & James Ingram
Mornin' Ride - Lee Greenwood

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 45 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Wed, Mar  8, 2000 (16:59) * 33 lines 
Today in History for March 8
LONDON (Reuters) - Here are some notable events from this date in history:
1849 - Thomas Ewing of Ohio was appointed by U.S. President Zachary
Taylor as the first Secretary of the Interior Department.
1869 - Hector Berlioz, French composer of the ``Symphonie fantastique'' and
the opera ``Les Troyens,'' died.
1879 - Otto Hahn, German Nobel prize winner for chemistry (1944) and
co-discoverer of nuclear fission, born.
1889 - John Ericsson, Swedish-born U.S. ship designer and inventor of the
first successful screw propeller, died.
1910 - The Royal Aero Club issued the first British pilot's licence to J.T.C.
Moore Brabazon.
1917 - Riots and strikes in St. Petersburg marked the start of the ``February
Revolution'' in Russia.
1917 - Count Ferdinand von Zeppelin, German soldier, inventor and pioneer in
airship development, died.
1948 - The U.S. Supreme Court ruled that religious instruction in public
schools violated the constitution.
1950 - The Soviet Union said it was in possession of the atomic bomb.
1958 - The Chinese government imposed martial law on the restive Tibetan
capital of Lhasa.
1961 - Sir Thomas Beecham, English conductor, died. He was founder of
several British orchestras including the London Philharmonic and was best
known for his interpretations of Mozart and Sibelius.
1971 - Harold Lloyd, U.S. silent film star and comedian, died. Best
remembered for the scene in ``Safety Last'' in which he was seen dangling
from a skyscraper with nothing to hold on to but the hand of a clock.
1973 - IRA car bombs exploded outside the Old Bailey courthouse and
Scotland Yard police headquarters in London, killing one and injuring 238.
1983 - British composer William Walton died. His orchestral piece ``Facade''
is regarded as his most popular success.
1999 - New York Yankees baseball legend Joe DiMaggio died aged 84.

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 46 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Thu, Mar  9, 2000 (11:00) * 35 lines 
Today in History for March 9
LONDON (Reuters) - Here are some notable events from this date in history:
1074 - Pope Gregory VII declared all married Roman Catholic priests to be
1454 - Amerigo Vespucci, Italian explorer who made many voyages to the
New World, born. The name for the continents of America was derived from
his name.
1796 - Napoleon Bonaparte married Josephine de Beauharnais, widow of a
former French officer executed during the revolution.
1831 - The French Foreign Legion was founded by King Louis Philippe with its
headquarters in Algeria.
1864 - In the U.S. Civil War, General Ulysses S. Grant was appointed
commander-in-chief of the Union armies.
1918 - Frank Wedekind, German actor and dramatist, died. His brand of
satire often roused controversy, which led to him being imprisoned for a time.
1941 - In World War Two the Italian offensive in Albania began but became
bogged down after only four days.
1943 - Bobby Fischer, former world chess champion, born. In 1972 he
became the first American to win the world chess championship when he
beat Boris Spassky of the Soviet Union in Reykjavik.
1940 - The late actor Raul Julia born.
1945 - The U.S. 1st Army captured Bonn, Germany.
1964 - French actress Juliette Binoche, who won the Oscar for best
supporting actress for her role in ``The English Patient,'' born.
1992 - Former Israeli prime minister Menachem Begin died. Once a member
of the Irgun Zvai Leumi resistance group and a hard-liner concerning the
Arabs, he won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1978 for his part in the Camp David
settlement with President Anwar Sadat of Egypt.
1994 - Spanish actor Fernando Rey, who starred in the film ``The French
Connection'' and also the films of Luis Bunuel, died aged 76.
1995 - President Bill Clinton approved a visa for Gerry Adams to enter the
United States and raise funds for Sinn Fein.
1996 - George Burns, one of America's best loved and most enduring
entertainers, died less than two months after celebrating his 100th birthday.

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 47 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Thu, Mar  9, 2000 (11:12) * 61 lines 
On this day...
1497 Nicolaus Copernicus first recorded astronomical observation
1745 Bells for first American carillon shipped from England to Boston
1791 George Hayward, US surgeon, first to use ether
1796 Napoleon Bonaparte marries Josephine de Beauharnais
1798 Dr. George Balfour becomes first naval surgeon in the US Navy
1820 James Monroe's daughter Maria marries in the White House
1822 Charles Graham of NY patents artificial teeth
1858 Albert Potts of Philadelphia patents the street mailbox
1861 Confederate currency authorized-$50, $100, $500, $1,000
1862 "Monitor" (Union) & "Merrimack" (Rebel) battle in Hampton Roads
1864 Ulysses S. Grant is appointed commander of Union Army
1873 Royal Canadian Mounted Police founded
1889 Kansas passes first general antitrust law in US
1907 First involuntary sterilization law enacted, Indiana
1916 General Fransisco "Poncho" Villa invades US (17 killed)
1916 Germany declares war against Portugal
1932 Eamon De Valera becomes President of Ireland
1945 Japanese proclaim the independence of Indo-China
1954 Edward R. Murrow criticizes Senator Joseph McCarthy
1961 Sputnik 9 carries Chernushka (dog) into orbit
1966 Andrew Brimmer becomes first black governor of Federal Reserve Board
1989 Eastern Airlines files for bankruptcy

Birthdates which occurred on March 9th:
1454 Amerigo Vespucci, explorer
1564 David Fabricius, Essens Germany, astronomer
1890 Vyacheslav Mikhailovich Molotov, Soviet Foreign Minister
1892 David Garnett, England, novelist/editor (Lady into Fox)
1892 Vita Sackville-West, England, novelist/poet (The Land)
1902 Will Greer, Frankfort Indiana, actor (Grandpa Walton-The Waltons)
1918 Mickey Spillane, mystery writer
1920 Carl Betz, Pittsburgh, actor (Alex Stone-Donna Reed Show)
1926 Irene Papas, Corinth Greece, actress (Moses The Lawgiver)
1927 Jack Jensen, baseball player (AL MVP 1958)
1934 Joyce Van Patten, Queens NY, actress (Good Guys, Don Rickles Show)
1934 Yuri Gagarin, Russia, first man into space (aboard Vostok 1)
1936 Glenda Jackson, England, actress (Hopscotch, Touch of Class)
1936 Marty Ingels, Brooklyn, comedian (I'm Dickens, He's Fenster)
1936 Mickey Gilley, country singer
1938 Charles Siebert, Kenosha Wisconsin, actor (One Day at A Time, Trapper John)
1940 Raul Julia, Puerto Rico, actor (Kiss of the Spider Woman)
1942 Mark Lindsay, Eugene Oregon, singer (Paul Revere & the Raiders)
1943 Bobby Fischer, US, world chess champion (1972-75)
1948 Jeffrey Osborne, singer (On the Wings of Love)
1950 Danny Sullivan, Indy-car racer
1954 Keven Wade, Chappaqua NY, screen writer (Working Girls)
1955 Ornella Muti, Rome Italy, actress (Flash Gordon)

Deaths which occurred on March 9th:
1661 Jules Cardinal Mazarin, Chief Minister of France
1962 Dr. Howard Engstrom, a designer of the Univac computer dies at 59
1969 Richard Crane, actor (Surfside 6), dies at 50
1975 Joseph Dunninger, mentalist (Amazing Dunninger), dies at 82
1982 Alan Badel, actor (Shogun), dies at 58
1983 Faye Emerson, actress (I've Got a Secret), dies of cancer at 65
1986 Ned Calmer, TV host (In the First Person), dies at 78
1992 Menachim Begin, Israeli Prime Minister (1977-1983) dies at 78

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 48 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Thu, Mar  9, 2000 (18:07) * 50 lines 
Born on March 9 under the sign of Pisces:
They include Leland Stanford, railroad builder and founder
of California's Stanford University, in 1824
English novelist and poet Victoria Sackville-West in 1892
Composer Samuel Barber in 1910
Detective novelist Mickey Spillane in 1918 (age 82)
Soviet cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin, the first man in space, in 1934
Actors Joyce Van Patten in 1934 (age 66)
Marty Ingles in 1936 (age 64)
Raul Julia in 1940
Trish Van Deere in 1943 (age 57)
Former world chess champion Bobby Fischer in 1943 (age 57)
Actresses Linda Fiorentino ("Men In Black") in 1960 (age 40)
Juliette Binoche ("The English Patient") in 1964 (age 36)
Football player Brian Bosworth in 1965 (age 35)
Actor Emmanuel Lewis in 1971 (age 29)

On This Date in History:
In 1796, French general and future emperor Napoleon Bonaparte
married Josephine de Beauharnais.
In 1864, Gen. Ulysses S. Grant was appointed commander in
chief of Union forces in the Civil War.
In 1967, the daughter of Soviet dictator Josef Stalin,
Svetlana, defected to the United States.
In 1986, the module containing the bodies of the seven
astronauts killed in the January 28th explosion of the
shuttle Challenger was located off Florida.
In 1989, the Senate voted 53-47 against confirming John Tower
as secretary of defense.
Also in 1989, William Bennett was confirmed by the Senate as
the nation's first Cabinet-level drug czar.
In 1990, Haitian dictator Gen. Prosper Avril stepped down
from power under pressure and the military agreed to turn
the nation over to civilian rule.
In 1991, Israeli troops fired on Palestinian protesters in
the occupied Gaza Strip, wounding 55.
In 1992, a federal judge in New York announced a final $1.3
billion agreement to settle the civil suits growing out of
the 1989 collapse of Drexel Burham Lambert Inc., once the
most powerful firm on Wall Street.
In 1993, gunmen linked to the former Contra rebels stormed
the Nicaraguan Embassy in Costa Rica and took the ambassador
and at least 18 others hostage.
Also in 1993, Rodney King testified in the federal trial of
four Los Angeles police officers who were videotaped beating
and kicking him.
In 1996, Los Angeles police Detective Mark Furman began his
testimony at the O.J. Simpson double murder trial.

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 49 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Fri, Mar 10, 2000 (11:26) * 52 lines 
History for March 9:
** Today is New World Day!
A baby born in Florence, Italy on this day in 1451 was destined to
become one of the world's most famous explorers. Amerigo Vespucci was
a merchant and an outfitter of ships, a job that introduced him to
Christopher Columbus.
Their stars would cross again in 1507 when a German map maker honored
Amerigo Vespucci by naming the new continent on his maps, America.
The mapmaker had not heard of Columbus' discovery at the time. So
Columbus got the credit for the discovery; but the discovery bore the
name of Vespucci ... forever.
In reality, Vespucci had participated in two major expeditions
between the years 1499 and 1502, to the coast of South America. There
he discovered the Amazon and Plate Rivers. Vespucci thought he had
discovered a new continent ... or a New World.
** Events
1822 - Charles M. Graham of New York City received a patent for
artificial teeth. So, in honor of the momentous occasion, let's all
try to keep a stiff upper ... plate today!
1985 - The most requested movie in history, "Gone With The Wind",
went on sale in video stores across the U.S. for the first time. The
tape cost buyers $89.95. The film, starring Clark Gable and Vivien
Leigh, cost $4.5 million to produce and has earned over $400 million,
making it one of the biggest money-makers in motion picture history.
"GWTW" is now the cornerstone of the massive MGM film library owned
by Ted Turner.
1986 - Bill Cosby broke Liberace's long-standing record and earned
the biggest box-office gross in the 54-year history of Radio City
Music Hall in New York City.
1987 - Chrysler Corporation offered to buy American Motors
Corporation on this day. The car maker offered up to $1 billion
dollars for the financially troubled AMC. Remember the Gremlin? How
about the Rambler American -- the car with seats that reclined to a
completely horizontal position?
** Birthdays
1451 - Amerigo Vespucci (merchant, explorer; America named for him;
passed away in 1512; see New World Day [above])
1934 - Yuri Gagarin (Russian cosmonaut: the first man to travel in
space; killed plane crash Mar 27, 1968)
1940 - Raul Julia (Raul Rafael Carlos Julia y Arcelay) (actor: The
Addams Family, Kiss of the Spider Woman; four Tony award nominations:
Proteus, Mack the Knife; passed away Oct 24, 1994)
1960 - Linda (Clorinda) Fiorentino (actress: Unforgettable, Bodily
Harm, The Last Seduction, Vision Quest) 1971 - Emmanuel Lewis (actor:
** Chart Toppers - 1988
Father Figure - George Michael
Never Gonna Give You Up - Rick Astley
I Get Weak - Belinda Carlisle
Face to Face - Alabama

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 50 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Fri, Mar 10, 2000 (11:30) * 60 lines 
Time capsules
In 515 B.C., the re-building of the great Jewish temple in
Jerusalem was completed.
In 1862, the U.S. Treasury issued the first American paper
money, in denominations from $5 to $1,000.
James Earl Ray pleaded guilty to the murder of Dr. Martin
Luther King Jr. and was sentenced to 99 years in prison on
this date in 1969. Ray would later recant, claiming he did
not fire the bullet that killed the civil rights leader. Just
before his death, Ray met in prison with members of the King
family, who declared afterwards that they believed he was
In 1987, the Vatican condemned human artificial fertilization
or generation of human life outside the womb and said all
reproduction must result from the "act of conjugal love."
In 1991, former POWs held by Iraq returned to the United States
to a hero's welcome.
In 1992, President Bush and Democratic challenger Bill Clinton
got sweeping Southern victories in the Super Tuesday primaries.
Former Sen. Paul Tsongas won in New England.
In 1993, FBI agents arrested a third person, a 25-year-old
Kuwaiti-born chemical engineer, in connection with the World
Trade Center bombing.
Rapidly melting snow and ice jams in 1993 forced rivers out of
their banks and hundreds from their homes in Nebraska in the
worst flooding in 15 years. This was a bad year for flooding in
the nation's midsection. At one point, downtown Fargo, N.D.,
flooded and then burned down after the high water prevented fire
trucks from getting to the fire. There's something ironic about
buildings surrounded by floodwater catching fire but we're sure
the irony was lost on Fargo officials.
And in 1993, an anti-abortion demonstrator fatally shot a doctor
at a Pensacola, Fla., clinic.
In 1994, the federal Centers for Disease Control and Prevented
reported the number of new AIDS cases in the United States had
more than doubled in 1993.
In 1995, retired Air Force Gen. Michael Carns withdrew from
consideration to head the CIA after an FBI background check
turned up potential violations of labor and immigration law
involving a young family friend Carns had arranged to bring
to the United States from the Philippines.
In 1997, The Citadel announced that 10 male cadets had been
disciplined for mistreating two female cadets; the women later
resigned from the South Carolina military academy.
In 1998, Indonesian President Suharto was re-elected to a
seventh term.
------------------ Birthday's ------------------+
Barry Fitzgerald in 1888
French composer Arthur Honegger in 1892
Jazz cornetist Bix Beiderbecke in 1903
Poet Margaret Fishback in 1904 (age 96)
Playwright David Rabe and actor Chuck Norris, both in 1940
(age 60)
Kim Campbell, the first woman prime minister of Canada, and
journalist Bob Greene, both in 1947 (age 53)
Actresses Sharon Stone in 1958 (age 42) and Jasmine Guy
("A Different World") in 1964 (age 36)
Britain's Prince Edward in 1964 (age 36)

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 51 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Fri, Mar 10, 2000 (12:58) * 87 lines 
On This Day - March 10

On this day...March 10
241 -BC- Battle of Aegusa: Roman fleet sinks 50 Carthagean ships
1791 John Stone, Concord Massachusetts, patents a pile driver
1847 First money minted in Hawaii
1849 Abraham Lincoln applies for a patent; only US president to
do so
1862 US issues $5, $10, $20, $50, $100, $500 & $1000 paper money
1874 Purdue University (Indiana) admits it's first student
1876 First telephone call made (Alexander Graham Bell to Thomas
1880 Salvation Army of England sets up US welfare & religious
1888 Heavyweight boxing champ John L. Sullivan draws Charlie
Mitchell in 30 rounds
1893 Ivory Coast becomes a French colony
1896 Charilaos Vasilakos of Greece wins first modern marathon in
1906 Coal dust explosion kills 1,060 at Courrieres France
1913 William Knox becomes first in American Bowling Congress to
bowl 300
1933 Nevada becomes first US state to regulate narcotics
1939 17 villages damaged by hailstones in Hyderabad India
1940 Germany invades the Benelux countries
1946 Train derailment kills 185 near Aracaju Brazil
1956 Peter Twiss sets new world air record 1,132 mph (1,823 kph)
1963 Pete Rose debuts with hits in his first two at bats in
spring training
1963 Wilt Chamberlain of NBA SF Warriors scores 70 points vs.
1966 Five time Horse of the Year, Kelso, retires
1966 North Vietnamese capture US Green Beret Camp at Ashau Valley
1969 James Earl Ray pleads guilty of killing Martin Luther King,
1971 Senate approves amendment decreasing voting age to 18
1975 Dog spectacles patented in England
1980 Willard Scott becomes the weathercaster on the Today Show
1982 Sygyzy: all 9 planets aligned on same side of Sun
1985 Dallas Maverick coach Dick Motta is 4th NBA coach to win 700

Birthdates which occurred on March 10th:
1538 Thomas Howard Duke of Norfolk; executed by Queen Elizabeth
in 1572
1772 Friedrich von Schlegel Germany, romantic writer/critic
1842 Ina Donna Coolbrith US, poet laureate of California
1845 Alexander III Russian Tsar (1881-94)
1867 Lillian D Wald US, sociologist/organizer (Visiting Nurses)
1880 Michael Jacobs NYC, boxing promoter
1898 Cy Kendall St Louis, actor (Mysteries of Chinatown)
1900 Sherman Billingsley Enid Oklahoma, talk show host (Stork
1908 Kristian Palusalu Finland, heavyweight wrestler
1911 Warner Anderson Brooklyn, actor (Doctor, Lineup,
Matthew-Peyton Place)
1914 Chandler Harper golfer (1950 PGA champ)
1916 James Herriot Scotland, writer (All Creatures Great & Small)
1926 Marques Haynes Harlem Globetrotters
1927 Donn Trenner New Haven Connecticut, orchestra leader (ABC's
1932 Anatoliy Roschin USSR, super heavyweight wrestler
1937 Tamara Press USSR, shot putter (Olympic-gold-1960, 64)
1938 Ron Mix NFL tackle (San Diego Chargers, Oakland Raiders)
1940 Chuck Norris martial art champ/actor (Missing in Action,
Walker Texas Ranger)
1940 David Rabe playwright (Streamers)
1940 Dean Torrence surf music singer (Jan & Dean-Little Old Lady)
1945 Katherine Houghton actress (Guess Who's Coming to Dinner)
1947 Tom Scholz rock guitarist/keyboardist (Boston)
1948 Austin Carr NBA star (Cleveland Cavaliers)
1958 Sharon Stone Meadsville Pennsylvaniaa, actress
1963 Jasmine Guy Boston, actress (Whitley-Different World)

Deaths which occurred on March 10th:
1913 Harriet Tubman abolitionist, conductor on Underground RR, dies in NY
1973 Sir Richard Sharples governor of Bermuda, is assassinated
1980 Doctor Tarnoff Jean Harris kills Scarsdale diet doctor
1984 June Marlowe actress, dies at 81
1985 Konstanin Cherneko Soviet leader
1986 Ray Milland actor (Lost Weekend-Academy Award 1945), dies at 81
1988 Andy Gibb pop singer

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 52 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Fri, Mar 10, 2000 (18:49) * 56 lines 
History for March 10:
** This is Salvation Army Day!
It had been two years after 'General' William Booth changed the name of the
Christian Mission, the organization he had founded in London in 1865, to the
Salvation Army.
Commissioner George Scott Railton and seven women officers of Booth's army
landed in New York on this day in 1880 to officially put the Salvation Army
to work in the United States.
The Salvation Army's work consisted of providing food, shelter and clothing
to the needy along with the spreading of the Gospel to the spiritually
needy. Fresh-air camps, boys' clubs, family welfare-work programs, aid to
prisoners and their families, and low-cost housing for the poor continue to
be everyday features of the working army of men and women. Wherever disaster
strikes, the Salvation Army is there to help.
The Salvation Army is a worldwide organization, familiar to and accepted
by most as the Christian religious organization that administers aid to all
without question.

** Events
1876 - Alexander Graham Bell sent the first clear telephone message -- into
a nearby room -- to his assistant, Mr. Watson. "Mr. Watson, come here, I
want you," were the first words spoken into the invention that Bell had
1937 - An audience of 21,000 jitterbuggers jammed the Paramount Theatre in
New York City to see a young clarinetist whom they would crown, 'King of
Swing' on this night. The popular musician was Benny Goodman.
1941 - The Brooklyn Dodgers announced that their players would wear batting
helmets during the 1941 baseball season. General Manager Larry McPhail
predicted that all baseball players would soon be wearing the new devices.
He was right.
1965 - Walter Matthau and Art Carney opened in "The Odd Couple", one of Neil
Simon's greatest theatrical triumphs. It would also become a hit on
television, with Tony Randall playing the tidy Felix Ungar and Jack Klugman
as slovenly sportswriter, Oscar Madison. The play opened at the Plymouth
Theatre in New York City.

** Birthdays
1940 - Chuck Norris (Carlos Ray) (karate champion, actor: Code of
Silence, Delta Force, Forced Vengeance, Lone Wolf McQuade, Missing
in Action, Walker: Texas Ranger)
1958 - Sharon Stone (actress: Last Dance, Casino, The Specialist,
Basic Instinct, Total Recall, War & Remembrance series, Above the
Law, Police Academy 4: Citizens on Patrol, Allan Quartermain and the
Lost City of Gold, King Solomon's Mines, Calendar Girl Murders,
Deadly Blessing, The Bay City Blues)
1964 - Prince Edward (royalty: son of Great Britain's Queen Elizabeth II)
1964 - Jasmine Guy (actress: A Different World, America's Dream, A
Century of Women, Runaway, Harlem Nights, School Daze)

** Chart Toppers - 1981
I Love a Rainy Night - Eddie Rabbitt
9 to 5 - Dolly Parton
Keep on Loving You - REO Speedwagon
Do You Love as Good as You Look - The Bellamy Brothers

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 53 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Sat, Mar 11, 2000 (12:54) * 101 lines 
On this day...March 11
537 Goths lay siege to Rome
1302 Romeo & Juliet's wedding day, according to Shakespeare
1702 First London daily newspaper
1779 US army Corps of Engineers established
1791 Samuel Mulliken, Philadelphia, is firsst to obtain more than one US patent
1810 Emperor Napoleon married by proxy to Archduchess Marie Louise
1824 US War Dept creates the Bureau of Indian Affairs
1850 Woman's Medical College of Penn (first female medical school)
1851 The opera "Rigoletto" is produced (Venice)
1861 Confederate convention in Montgomery, adopts constitution
1865 General Sherman's Union forces occupies Fayetteville, NC
1867 Great Mauna Loa eruption (Hawaiian volcano)
1867 The opera "Don Carlos" is produced (Paris)
1882 Intercollegiate Lacrosse Association organized in Princeton NJ
1888 Great blizzard of '88 strikes NE US
1892 First public basketball game (Springfield, Mass)
1918 Save the Redwoods League founded
1927 First armored commercial car hold-up in US, Pittsburgh
1927 First Golden Gloves tournament
1935 Bank of Canada opens
1938 German troops enter Austria
1941 FDR signs Lend-Lease Bill
1942 General MacArthur leaves Bataan for Australia
1948 First black in the US Tennis Open (Reginald Weir)
1948 Jewish Agency of Jerusalem bombed
1953 First woman army doctor commissioned (F.M. Adams)
1953 An American B-47 accidentally drops a nuclear bomb on South
Carolina, the bomb doesn't go off due to 6 safety catches
1958 Charles Van Doren finally loses on TV game show "21"
1959 "Raisin in the Sun," first Broadway play by a black woman,opens
1960 Pioneer 5 launched into solar orbit between Earth & Venus
1961 Then NHL record 40 penalties, Black Hawks & Maple Leafs (20 each)
1966 Military coup led by Indonesian General Suharto breaks out
1967 Pink Floyd releases their first song (Arnold Layne)
1968 Anti-Zionist Clandestine Radio Voice of El Assifa starts transmitting
1974 Rhino Store gives people 5 to take home Danny Bonaduce's Album
1977 34 Israelis killed by Palestinians on the Tel Aviv-Haifa highway
1982 Harrison Williams (Sen-D-NJ) resigned rather than face expulsion
1985 Mikhail S. Gorbachev replaces Konstantin Chernenko as Soviet leader
1986 Japanese probe Sakigake flies by Halley's Comet at 6.8 million km
1986 NFL adopts instant replay rule
1987 Wayne Gretzky scores 1,500th NHL point
1991 Janet Jackson signs $40 million 3 album deal with Virgin records

Birthdates which occurred on March 11th:
1544 Torquato Tasso Italy, Renaissance poet (Aminta, Apologia)
1731 Robert Treat Paine judge, signer of Declaration of Independence
1811 Urbain Jean Joseph le Verrier co-discovered Neptune
1860 Thomas Hastings NYC, architect (NY Public Library)
1876 Carl Ruggles Marion MA, composer (Evocations)
1885 Malcolm Campbell first auto racer to travel 5 miles/min. (8 km/min)
1890 Vannevar Bush developed first electronic analogue computer
1897 Henry Dixon Cowell Menlo Park CA, composer (New Musical Resources)
1898 Dorothy Gish stage & silent film actress (Orphans of the Storm)
1899 Frederick IX King of Denmark (1947-72)
1903 Dorothy Schiff publisher (NY Post)
1908 Lawrence Welk Strasburg ND, orchestra leader (Lawrence Welk Show)
1911 Fitzroy Maclean British diplomat
1913 John Weinzweig Toronto Canada, composer (Enchanted Hill)
1914 Ralph Ellison writer (Invisible Man, Shadow & Act)
1916 Sir Harold Wilson (L) British PM (1964-70, 1974-76)
1920 D.J. Enright England, poet/novelist (Some Men are Brothers)
1920 Kenneth Dover chancellor (St. Andrews University)
1923 A. Louise Brough tennis player (4 time Wimbledon champ)
1923 Terry Alexander London, actor (Tony-Behind the Scenes)
1926 Patricia Tindaole England, architect
1926 Ralph Abernathy civil rights leader
1928 Albert Salmi Brooklyn NY, actor (Daniel Boone, 79 Park Avenue)
1930 David Gentleman designer/painter
1931 Peter Walters CEO (Midland Bank)
1931 Rupert Murdoch Australia, publisher (NY Post), owns FOX-TV Network
1932 Nigel Lawson British government official (The Power Game)
1934 Sam Donaldson El Paso TX, ABC White House correspondent
1936 Antonin Scalia Trenton NJ, Supreme Court Justice
1938 Malcolm Keith Speed Biritish high court judge
1942 Peter Eyre actor (Hedda)
1944 Ric Rothwell drummer (Mindbenders-Games of Love)
1945 Timothy Mason consultant (British Arts Council)
1945 Tricia O'Neal Louisiana, actress (Piranha Part II)
1947 Dominique Sanda Paris, actress (Inheritance, Beyond Good & Evil)
1947 Geoffrey Hunt Australia, world-champion squash player
1947 Mark Stein Bayonne NJ, rocker (Vanilla Fudge-You Keep Me Hanging On)
1948 George Kooymans rocker (Golden Earring)
1950 Bobby McFerrin singer (Don't Worry, Be Happy-1989 Grammy)
1952 Douglas Adams England, author (Hitchiker's Guide to the Galaxy)
1952 Susan Richardson Coatesville PA, actress (Susan-8 is Enough)
1961 Bruce Watson rocker (Big Country-Wonderland)
1961 Mike Percy rocker (Dead or Alive-Spin Me Round)

Deaths which occurred on March 11th:
1845 John Chapman, [Johnny Appleseed] dies in Allen County,Indiana
1874 Charles Sumner, a white civil rights leader, dies at 63
1957 Richard E. Byrd, US, explorer (Antarctica), dies at 68
1975 Sammy Spear, orchestra leader (Dom Deluise Show), dies at 65
1975 Walter Kinsella, actor (Happy-Martin Kane Private Eye), dies at 74
1979 Victor Kilian, actor (Gentleman's Agreement), dies at 88
1987 Woody Hayes, football coach (Ohio State), dies at 74
1992 David Carroll, actor (Grand Hotel), dies of pulmonary embolism at 41

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 54 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Sat, Mar 11, 2000 (22:09) * 32 lines 
Today in History for March 11
LONDON (Reuters) - Here are some notable events from this date in history:
1544 - Italian poet Torquato Tasso born. Best remembered for his epic poem
``Gerusalemme Liberata,'' an idealized story about the First Crusade.
1702 - The first English daily newspaper to meet with some success, The
Daily Courant, was launched near Fleet Street in London.
1820 - Benjamin West, U.S. painter, died. He was history painter to King
George III of England and a founder member of the Royal Academy.
1851 - The first performance of Giuseppe Verdi's opera ``Rigoletto'' was given
in Venice.
1892 - Raoul Walsh, U.S. film director, born; best known for his American
gangster films, including ``High Sierra,'' ``White Heat'' and ``The Roaring
1931 - Rupert Murdoch, Australian newspaper and television magnate, born.
1935 - Hermann Goering officially created the German Air Force, the
1941 - The U.S. Congress passed the Lend-Lease Bill, which enabled Britain
to borrow money to buy additional food and arms during World War Two.
1955 - Sir Alexander Fleming, Scottish bacteriologist who discovered
penicillin (1928), died.
1957 - Richard E. Byrd, U.S. naval officer, pioneer aviator and polar explorer,
1960 - At Cape Canaveral, Pioneer V was launched into orbit around the sun.
1970 - Erle Stanley Gardner, U.S. author and lawyer, died. He wrote nearly
100 detective and mystery novels and created the character Perry Mason.
1981 - Chilean President Augusto Pinochet was sworn in for an eight-year
term as president.
1985 - Mikhail Gorbachev became head of the Soviet Union following the
death of Konstantin Chernenko. At 54, he was the youngest member of the
ruling Politburo.
1985 - The Egyptian Al-Fayed brothers won control of the House of Fraser in
London and thus gained control of the department store Harrods.

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 55 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Sun, Mar 12, 2000 (10:49) * 124 lines 
On this day...

1496 Jews are expelled from Syria
1609 Bermudas becomes an English colony
1664 First naturalization act in American colonies
1664 New Jersey becomes a British colony
1737 Galileo's body moved to Church of Santa Croce in Florence,
1755 First steam engine in America installed, to pump water from
a mine
1789 US Post Office established
1848 Second republic established in France
1850 First US $20 gold piece issued
1868 Britain annexes Basutoland in Africa
1868 Congress abolishes manufacturer's tax
1877 British annex Walvis Bay in southern Africa
1884 Mississippi establishes first US state college for women
1888 Second day of the Great Blizzard of '88 in NE US (400 die)
1903 AL offically approves NY Highlanders (Yankees)
1904 First main line electric train in UK (Liverpool to
1904 Andrew Carnegie establishes Carnegie Hero Fund
1912 Capt Albert Berry performs first parachute jump from an
1912 Girl Guides (Girl Scouts) founded in Savannah
1913 Foundation stone of the Australian capital in Canberra laid
1917 Russian Dumas sets up Provisional Committee; workers set up
1930 Mohandas Gandhi begins 200m (300km) march protesting British
salt tax
1930 Stella Walsh sets record for the 220-yard dash (0:26.1)
1933 FDR conducts his first "fireside chat"
1935 England establishes 30 MPH speed limit for towns & villages
1938 Nazi Germany invades Austria (Anschluss)
1939 Pope Pius XII crowned in Vatican ceremonies
1940 Finland surrenders to Russia during WW II, giving up
1945 NY is first to prohibit discrimination by race & creed in
1945 The British Empire celebrates it's first British Empire Day
1946 Part of Petsamo province ceded by Soviet Union to Finland
1958 British Empire Day is renamed "Commonwealth Day"
1959 House joins Senate approving Hawaii statehood
1964 Malcolm X resigns from Nation of Islam
1966 Jockey Johnny Longden retires after 40 years (6,032 wins)
1967 Austrtia's Reinhold Bachler ski jumps 505 feet
1968 Mauritius gains independence from Britain (National Day)
1969 Paul McCartney marries Linda Louise Eastman in London
1970 US lowers voting age from 21 to 18

Birthdates which occurred on March 12th:

1685 George Berkeley, Ireland, philosopher/bishop of Cloyne
1806 Jane Means Appleton Pierce, first lady
1821 Sir John Abbott, Quebec Canada, (C) third Canadian PM
1824 Gustave Kirchoff, Prussia, physicist (Gesammelte
1831 Clement Studebaker, automobile pioneer
1835 Simon Newcomb, US, scientist/mathematician/astronomer
1838 William Perkin, inventor (first artificial dye)
1862 Jane Delano, US, nurse/teacher, founded Red Cross
1863 Gabriele D'Annunzio, Italy, writer/military hero (The
1889 Philip Guedalla, historian
1890 Vaslav Nijinsky, Soviet ballet master (NS)
1910 Roger L. Stevens, producer (Giant)
1911 Gustavo Diaz Ordaz, President of Mexico
1912 James McKay, Lord Provost of Edinburgh
1912 Kylie Tennant, novelist
1912 Paul Weston, Springfield MA, orchestra leader (Jim Nabors
1917 Tom Normanton, British MP
1918 James Bracken, race horse trainer
1922 Helen Parrish, Columbus Ga, actress (Hour Glass, Show
1922 Lane Kirkland, union president (AFL-CIO)
1925 William G. Whitehurst, (Rep-R-Va)
1926 David Oliver Williams, trade unionist (COHSE)
1926 George R. Ariyoshi, (Gov-D-Hawaii)
1926 Gudrun Ure actress
1927 Raul Alfonsin, President of Argentina
1928 Edward Albee, playwright (Virgina Woolfe, Zoo Story)
1930 Antony Acland, British ambassador to US
1930 Scoey Mitchill, Newburgh NY, comedian (Barefoot in the Park,
1932 Andrew Young, (Mayor-D-Atlanta)
1936 Lloyd Dobbins, Newport News VA, newscaster (NBC News
1936 Patrick Procktor painter
1937 Elizabeth Vaughan opera soprano
1939 Barbara Feldon, Pittsburgh, actress (Agent 99-Get Smart)
1940 Al Jarreau, jazz singer
1940 Millie Perkins, actress (Diary of Anne Frank, Table for 5,
1942 Bert Campaneris, baseball player
1942 Paul Kanter, guitarist (Jefferson Starship)
1946 Liza Minnelli, Los Angeles, singer/actress
1948 James Taylor, vocalist
1949 Mary Alice Williams, news reporter (NBC-TV)
1953 Joanna Kerns, actress (Maggie-Growing Pains)
1956 Dale Murphy, Portland, baseball player
1957 Marlon Jackson, singer (Jackson 5)
1957 Steve Harris, rock bassist (Iron Maiden)
1962 Darryl Strawberry Los Angeles, baseball player

Deaths which occurred on March 12th:

1507 Cesare Borgia, Cardinal/soldier/politician
1628 John Bull, organist/composer
1888 Henry Bergh, founder of ASPCA, dies at 76
1914 George Westinghouse, inventor
1924 Hilaire Comte de Chardonnet, inventor (rayon)
1925 Sun Yat-Sen, Chinese revolutionary leader
1932 Ivar Kreuger, industrialist
1955 Charlie Parker, jazz musician, dies at 34 in NYC
1958 Princess Ingeborg, of Sweden, dies at 79
1973 Frankie "Fordham Flash" Frisch, baseball player, dies at 74
1974 Billy Fox, Protestant member of Dublin parliament,
1978 Tolchard Evans, composer/conductor
1984 Arnold Riley, playwright/actor

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 56 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Sun, Mar 12, 2000 (10:51) * 50 lines 
Today in History for March 12

LONDON (Reuters) - Here are some notable events from this date in history:

1832 - Captain Charles Boycott, English land agent, born. After he refused to
lower rents on his estates in Ireland, tenants refused any communication with
him and his name was adopted to describe this form of protest.

1863 - Gabriele D'Annunzio, Italian poet and politician, born.

1890 - Vaslav Nijinsky, legendary leading Russian dancer with Diaghilev's
Russian ballet, born.

1922 - Jack Kerouac, U.S. novelist, born. A member of the ``beat generation,''
he was best known for his novel ``On the Road.''

1925 - Chinese revolutionary leader Sun Yat-sen died. Known as the father of
modern China, he became its first provisional president for a short time

1928 - Edward Albee, U.S. playwright and author of ``Who's Afraid of Virginia
Woolf,'' born. He won Pulitzer prizes in 1967, 1975 and 1994.

1930 - In India, Mahatma Gandhi began a 300-mile protest journey to defy the
British law establishing a monopoly in producing salt.

1933 - U.S. President Franklin Roosevelt gave the first of his nation-wide
``fireside chats'' on radio.

1940 - Finland signed a peace treaty with the Soviet Union, ending the
14-week war which the Russians won by sheer weight of numbers.

1945 - Anne Frank, the Jewish teen-ager who kept a diary of her wartime
experiences, died in the Bergen-Belsen concentration camp in Germany. She
was 15.

1946 - Liza Minnelli, singer and film actress daughter of Judy Garland and
Vicente Minnelli, born; famed for her role in the film ``Cabaret.''

1955 - Charlie Parker, influential U.S. jazz saxophonist, died.

1985 - Eugene Ormandy, U.S. conductor, died. He directed the Philadelphia
Orchestra from 1936-1980 and was especially noted for his performances of
Rachmaninoff and Shostakovitch.

1994 - The Church of England broke with 460 years of male dominance when
it ordained its first women priests in Bristol Cathedral.

1999 - U.S.-born violinist and music teacher Sir Yehudi Menuhin died in

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 57 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Mon, Mar 13, 2000 (12:53) * 69 lines 
This day - March 13

On This Date in History:

In 1781, the distant planet Uranus was discovered by British
astronomer William Herschel.

In 1868, the U.S. Senate began impeachment proceedings
against President Andrew Johnson on charges of "high crime
and misdemeanors." He was acquitted by one vote.

In 1933, in the depths of the Great Depression, banks
throughout the United States began to re-open after a
weeklong bank holiday declared by President Roosevelt in a
successful effort to stop runs on bank assets.

In 1989, the Food and Drug Administration quarantined all
fruit imported from Chile after traces of cyanide were found
in two Chilean grapes.

In 1990, the Soviet Congress of People's Deputies formally
ended the Communist Party's monopoly rule, establishing a
presidential system and giving Mikhail Gorbachev broad new

Also in 1990, President Bush lifted a five-year-old trade
embargo against Nicaragua.

In 1992, more than 400 people were killed when a powerful
earthquake hit northeastern Turkey.

In 1993, an "unprecedented" winter storm blasts the eastern
part of the nation from Dixie north to Canada -- crippling
travel, causing power failures, floods and tornadoes, and
killing dozens of people.

In 1994, the president of the independent black homeland of
Bophuthatswana was deposed after repeatedly changing his mind
about allowing his nation to participate in the upcoming
South African elections. South Africa took direct control of
the area.

In 1996, a gun collector opened fire on a kindergarten class
in Dunblane, Scotland -- killing 16 children, their teacher
and then himself.

Also in 1996, Liggett, the fifth-biggest tobacco company,
broke ranks with its rivals and settled a class-action cancer

In 1996, world leaders -- including President Clinton,
Russia's Boris Yeltsin, King Hussein of Jordan and
Palestinian President Yasser Arafat -- met in Cairo, Egypt,
to reaffirm the Middle East peace process.

In 1997, a Jordanian soldier shot and killed seven Israeli
schoolgirls at the Israeli-Jordanian border.

In 1998, Sgt. Maj. Gene McKinney, the first black ever to
serve as sergeant major of the Army, was acquitted by a
military jury of all sex charges filed against him. He was,
however, convicted of coaching a witness and was reduced one
rank and reprimanded.

In 1999, a fight for the heavyweight boxing championship of
the world -- between American Evander Holyfield and Lennex
Lewis of Britain -- ended in a draw, although most fans and
boxing officials felt Lewis had clearly won.

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 58 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Mon, Mar 13, 2000 (12:57) * 88 lines 
On this day...MaRCH 13
483 St Felix III begins his reign as Catholic Pope
607 12th recorded perihelion passage of Halley's Comet
1519 Cortez lands in Mexico
1639 Cambridge College renamed Harvard for clergyman John Harvard
1677 Massachusetts gains title to Maine for $6,000
1759 27th recorded perihelion passage of Halley's Comet
1781 Sir William Herschel sees "comet" (really discovered Uranus)
1793 Eli Whitney patents the cotton gin
1852 Uncle Sam cartoon figure debuts in NY Lantern weekly
1861 Jefferson Davis signs bill authorizing use of slaves as soldiers
1868 Senate begins President Andrew Johnson impeachment trial
1869 Arkansas legislature passes anti-Klan law
1884 Standard Time adopted in US
1887 Chester Greenwood of Maine patents earmuffs
1888 Great Blizzard of 1888 rages
1894 J. L. Johnstone of England invents horse racing starting gate
1913 Kansas legislature approves motion-picture censorship
1921 Mongolia declares independence from China
1923 Lee de Forest demonstrates his sound-on-film moving pictures, NYC
1925 Tennessee makes it unlawful to teach evolution
1928 450 die in St. Francisquito Valley Dam burst (California)
1930 Clyde Tombaugh announces discovery of Pluto at Lowell Observatory
1938 Anschluá-Austria annexed by Nazi Germany
1942 Julia Flikke, Nurse Corps, becomes first woman colonel in US army
1943 Frank Dixon wins Knights of Columbus mile (4:09.6)
1960 NFL's Chicago Cardinals move to St. Louis
1961 Floyd Patterson KOs Ingemar Johannson to retain championship
1961 JFK sets up the Alliance for Progress
1965 Jeff Beck replaces Eric Clapton of the Yardbirds
1969 Apollo 9 returns to Earth
1970 Digital Equipment Corp introduces PDP-11 minicomputer
1970 SF city employees begin four-day strike
1979 Gairy dictatorship in Grenada overthrown by New Jewel Movement
1980 Ford Motor Co found innocent in death of 3 women in a fiery Pinto
1982 Elaine Zayak lands 6 triple jumps to win world skating championship
1985 Funeral services held for Konstantin Chernenko (Moscow)
1987 John Gotti is acquitted of racketeering
1989 27th shuttle, Discovery 8, launched, first woman to do the countdown
1989 FDA orders recall of all Chilean fruit in US
1991 Exxon pays $1-billion dollars in fines & cleanup of Alaskan oil spill
1992 570 die in a Turkish earthquake
1992 FCC rules companies can own 30 AM & 30 FM stations (formerly 12)

Birthdates which occurred on March 13th:
1733 Joseph Priestly, England, clergyman/scientist, discovered oxygen
1798 Abigail Powers Fillmore, first lady
1855 Percival Lowell, predicted discovery of Pluto
1860 Hugo Wolf, Austria, composer
1872 Oswald Garrison Villard, American journalist
1901 Paul Fix, Dobbs Ferry NY, actor (Rifleman)
1907 Frank Wilcox, DeSoto Missouri, actor (John-Beverly Hillbillies)
1908 Paul Stewart, NYC, actor (Top Secret USA, Deadline)
1908 Walter Annenberg, Milwaukee, publisher (Triangle-TV Guide)
1910 Sammy Kaye, Rocky River Ohio, orchestra leader (Sammy Kaye Show)
1911 L. Ron Hubbard, science fiction writer/scientologist (Dianetics)
1913 William J. Casey, CIA director (1981-87)
1914 Sammy Kaye, bandleader (Swing & Sway with Sammy Kaye)
1917 Ina Ray Hutton, Chicago, orchestra leader (Ina Ray Hutton Show)
1917 Tessie O'Shea, England, actress (Entertainers)
1918 George McAfee, NFL halfback (Chicago Bears)
1929 Peter Breck, Rochester NY, actor (Black Saddle, Big Valley, Benji)
1929 Walter Medio, race horse trainer
1939 Neil Sedaka, Brooklyn, singer/songwriter
1947 Tomas Hinojosa, jockey
1950 Robert S Woods, actor (Bo-One Life to Live, Waltons)
1951 Fred Berry, St. Louis, actor (Rerun-What's Happening)
1953 Andy Bean, Lafayette Georgia, PGA golfer
1953 Deborah Raffin, Los Angeles, actress (Ransom, Demon, 40 Carats)
1954 Robin Duke, Toronto Canada, comedienne (SCTV, SNL)
1956 Dana Delany, NY, actress (Colleen McMurphy-China Beach)
1960 Adam Clayton, Oxfordshire, rock bassist (U2)
1968 Christopher Collett, NYC, actor (Manhattan Project)
1971 Tracy Wells, actress (Heather-Mr Belvedere)

Deaths which occurred on March 13th:
1881 Tsar Alexander II, of Russia, assassinated
1901 Benjamin Harrison, 23rd US President, dies in Indianapolis
1906 Susan B. Anthony, American suffragist
1938 Clarence S. Darrow, Scopes Monkey Trial attorney, dies in Chicago
1964 Kitty Genovese, stabbed to death in Queens; 40 neighbors looked on
1973 Stacy Harris, actor, dies at 54
1974 Howard St. John, actor (Investigator, Dr Lewis-Hank), dies at 68
1974 Janos Prohaska, actor (Andy Williams Show), dies at 52
1987 Bernhard Grzimek, zoologist (West Germany), dies at 78
1987 Gerald Moore, England, pianist (Am I Too Loud), dies at 87
1990 Bruno Bettelhelm, psychoanalyst, commits suicide at 86

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 59 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Mon, Mar 13, 2000 (14:59) * 36 lines 
History for March 13
LONDON (Reuters) - Here are some notable events from this date in history:
1781 - The German-born English astronomer Sir William Herschel discovered
the planet Georgium Sidus, later known as Uranus.
1860 - Hugo Wolf, Austrian composer, born. Best known for his books of
songs, notably ``Spanish Song Book'' and ``Goethe Song Book.''
1865 - During the U.S. Civil War, the Confederate Congress under President
Jefferson Davis signed a bill allowing slaves to join the army in exchange for
1894 - The world's first theatrical striptease act took place at the Divan
Fayouau Music Hall in Paris, consisting of a girl stripping to go to bed.
1901 - Benjamin Harrison, 23rd president of the United States, died; he was
the only president to succeed and be succeeded by the same man Grover
1906 - Susan Anthony, pioneer and leader of the women's suffrage movement
in the U.S., died. In 1888 she organized the International Council of Women.
1928 - The St. Francis dam 40 miles north of Los Angeles burst and flooded
the valley; at least 450 people were drowned.
1943 - Stephen Vincent Benet, U.S. poet and novelist, died. Best known for
``John Brown's Body,'' a long narrative poem on the U.S. Civil War.
1961 - Spanish artist Pablo Picasso, then 79, married his model Jacqueline
Rocque, 37, in Nice, France.
1972 - Clifford Irving admitted to a New York court that he had fabricated his
autobiography of Howard Hughes, thus defrauding his publisher McGraw Hill.
1990 - The Soviet parliament voted to end the political monolopy of the
Communist Party after 72 years.
1992 - Pravda, founded in 1912 by Lenin and the official newspaper of the
Soviet Communist Party, ceased publication due to lack of funds.
1995 - Odette Hallowes, one of Britain's war heroines, died. She became the
first woman to be awarded the George Cross for gallantry for her work in
occupied France in World War Two.
1996 - A gunman shot dead 16 children and a teacher at a school in
Dunblane, Scotland. He then shot himself.
1996 - Krzysztof Kieslowski, Polish film director, died. Famed for his
``Decalogue'' - ten films on the Ten Commandments - and his ``Three Colours''
series of films.

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 60 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Mon, Mar 13, 2000 (15:14) * 21 lines 
Know Your History for March 13:
** This is Uncle Sam Day!
Hey! Let's take the day off! It's Uncle Sam Day! On this day back in 1852, the New York "Lantern" newspaper published an Uncle Sam cartoon for the first time. The drawing was the work of Frank Henry Bellew. Through the years, the caricature changed with Uncle Sam becoming symbolic of the U.S. being just like a favorite uncle. A prime example of this symbolism were U.S. Army posters that portrayed Uncle Sam pointing and saying, "I want you!" As a result, many of us joined his ranks.
Uncle Sam always wore a nifty suit of red, white and blue, a hat with stars and stripes down the trousers of both of his long legs. The origins of how he became known as Uncle Sam are varied, but include a dock worker wondering what the words "From U.S." meant on shipping crates. Reportedly, he was told jokingly, "Oh, this is from your Uncle Sam."

** Events
1877 - Chester Greenwood of Farmington, ME patented the earmuff. Of course, being in very Northern Maine, he picked the right place to patent such much-needed outdoor gear, as it is extremely cold in upstate Maine for, oh, about 10 months a year. So cold, that some wear earmuffs indoors. We do here, as well, just to keep the office roar down to a minimum. Thank you Mr. Greenwood!
1930 - It was announced that the planet Pluto had been discovered by astronomers who had been looking for another planet in the solar system.

** Birthdays
1733 - Joseph Priestley (chemist: discovered oxygen)
1957 - Glenne Headly (actress: Mr. Holland's Opus, Grand Isle, Mortal Thoughts, Dick Tracy, Dirty Rotten Scoundrels, The Purple Rose of Cairo)
1960 - Adam Clayton (musician: group: U2: Sunday Bloody Sunday, With You or Without You)

** Chart Toppers - 1984
Jump - Van Halen
Girls Just Want to Have Fun - Cyndi Lauper
Somebody's Watching Me - Rockwell
Going, Going, Gone - Lee Greenwood

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 61 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Tue, Mar 14, 2000 (11:32) * 75 lines 
On This Day March 14...
1629 Royal charter granted Massachusetts Bay Colony
1644 England grants patent for Providence Plantations (now Rhode Island)
1812 Congress authorizes war bonds to finance War of 1812
1826 General Congress of South American States assembles at Panama
1885 The opera "The Mikado" is produced (London)
1900 US currency goes on gold standard
1903 First national bird reservation established in Sebastian, FL
1918 First concrete ship to cross the Atlantic (Faith) is launched, SF
1923 President Harding became first US President to file an income tax report
1931 First theater built for rear movie projection (NYC)
1936 Federal Register, first magazine of the US gov't., publishes first issue
1939 Nazis dissolve republic of Czechoslovakia
1950 FBI's "10 Most Wanted Fugitives" program begins
1951 During Korean War, UN forces recapture Seoul
1954 NBA Baltimore Bullets end a 32 game road losing streak
1960 14 die in a train crash in Bakersfield California
1960 Wilt Chamberlain (Philadelphia) sets NBA playoff record of 53 points
1963 SF Guy Rodgers ties NBA record with 28 assists
1964 Dallas jury finds Jack Ruby guilty of Lee Harvey Oswald murder
1965 Israeli cabinet approves diplomatic relations with West Germany
1967 First NFL-AFL common draft, Baltimore Colts pick Bubba Smith
1967 JFK's body moved from temporary grave to a permanent memorial
1971 Barbra Striesand appears on "The Burt Bacharach Special" on CBS TV
1978 NFL permanently adds 7th official (side judge)
1983 OPEC cut oil prices for first time in 23 years
1987 Katarina Witt wins her 3rd world figure skating championship
1990 Mikhail S. Gorbachev becomes president of the Soviet Congress
1992 Farm Aid V
1992 Soviet newspaper "Pravda" suspends publication

Birthdates which occurred on March 14th:
1816 Montgomery D. Corse, Virginia, Brig Gen (Confederacy)
1821 Jens Worsaae, Denmark, archeologist
1833 Lucy Hobbs Taylor, first US woman dentist
1837 Charles Ammi Cutter, librarian, originated Cutter system
1854 Paul Ehrlich, Germany, bacteriologist (Nobel-1908)
1854 Thomas Riley Marshall, 28th Vice President (1913-21)
1911 Pete Piute [Morris Kaufman], NYC, comedian (Village Barn)
1912 Les Brown, Reinerton PA, orchestra leader
1918 Dennis Patrick, Philadelphia, actor (Dear Dead Delilah, Dallas, Rituals)
1919 Max Shulman, novelist (Many Loves of Dobie Gillis, Tender Trap)
1920 Hank Ketcham, cartoonist (Dennis the Menace)
1922 Colin Fletcher, author (Walking Through Time)
1925 John Wain, England, novelist/poet (Hurry on Down)
1928 Frank Borman, Gary IN, astronaut (Gemini 7, Apollo 8), Eastern
Airline president
1929 Thomas Bell, Jr., race horse trainer
1933 Michael Caine, UK, actor (Blame it on Rio)
1933 Quincy Jones, Chicago, composer/singer
1934 Eugene A. Cernan ,Chicago, astronaut (Gemini 9, Apollo 10 & 17)
1939 Bertrand Blier, France, novelist/director (Going Places)
1940 Rita Tushingham, Liverpool, England, actress (Green Eyes)
1943 Jim Pons, bassist (Turtles-Happy Together)
1945 Walter Parazaider, rocker (Chicago)
1946 Steve Kanaly, Burbank CA, actor (Fleshburn, Ray Krebbs-Dallas)
1947 Billy Crystal, Long Beach NY, comedian
1952 David Byrne, guitarist/vocalist (Talking Heads-Burning Down the
1954 Adrian Zmed, Chicago, actor (TJ Hooker, Dance Fever)
1954 David La Croix, race horse trainer
1955 Boon Gould, rock guitarist (Level 42)
1961 Gary Del'Abati producer (Howard Stern Show)
1964 Richard Migliore, jockey
1967 Melissa Brennan Reeves, Eatontown, NJ (Jennifer-Days of our Lives)
1983 Jordan Taylor Hanson, Tulsa OK, singer-Hanson

Deaths which occurred on March 14th:
1883 Karl Marx, author of "The Communist Manifesto"
1925 Walter Camp, father of American football, dies at 65
1975 Susan Hayward, dies at 56
1983 Maurice Ronet, actor, dies at 55
1986 Edith Atwater, actress (Phyllis-Love on a Rooftop), dies at 74
1992 Steven Brian Pennell, first executed in Delaware in 45 years, at 34

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 62 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Tue, Mar 14, 2000 (13:45) * 35 lines 
Today in History for March 14
LONDON (Reuters) - Here are some notable events from this date in history:
1804 - Johann Strauss the elder, Austrian composer, born; he is best known
for his ``Radetzky March.''
1835 - Giovanni Virginio Schiaparelli, Italian astronomer, born. He discovered
the ``canals'' of Mars and the asteroid Hesperia.
1879 - Albert Einstein, German-born scientist and physicist, born. One of the
world's greatest physicists, he published his special theory of relativity in
1905 and his general theory of relativity in 1916.
1883 - Karl Marx, German philosopher and economist, died in London. With
Friedrich Engels, he published the Communist Manifesto.
1885 - ``The Mikado,'' the comic operetta by Gilbert and Sullivan, premiered at
the Savoy Theater, London.
1900 - The United States adopted the gold standard.
1932 - George Eastman, American photographic pioneer who founded the
Kodak company, committed suicide.
1933 - Michael Caine, English film actor, born.
1945 - The heaviest bomb of World War Two, the 22,000-pound ``Grand
Slam,'' was dropped by the RAF's Dambuster Squadron in Germany on the
Bielefeld railway viaduct.
1954 - The Vietnamese took the Gabrielle strongpoint against the French in
the battle of Dien Bien Phu.
1964 - Jack Ruby was found guilty of the murder of Lee Harvey Oswald,
alleged assassin of President John F. Kennedy.
1975 - Susan Hayward, U.S. actress, died. She won Best Actress Oscar for
her role in the film ``I Want to Live!'' in 1958.
1976 - Busby Berkeley, U.S. director and choreographer, died. Best known
for his lavish mass choreography in the films ``42nd Street,'' ``Gold Diggers of
1933'' and ``Roman Scandals.''
1995 - Norman Thagard, the first American astronaut to fly in a Russian
rocket, blasted off from the windswept plains of Kazakhstan.
1997 - Academy Award-winning director Fred Zinnemann, whose classic films
included ``High Noon,'' ``From Here to Eternity'' and ``A Man for All Seasons,''
died. He was 89.

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 63 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Tue, Mar 14, 2000 (16:52) * 58 lines 
Know Your History for March 14:
** This is Gold Record Day!
On this day in 1958, the Recording Industry Association of America
(RIAA) certified the first gold record. It was Perry Como's "Catch A
Falling Star" on RCA Victor Records. The tune became the first to win
million-seller certification, though other songs dating as far back
as the 1920s may have sold a million records or more. Due to lack of
a certification organization like the RIAA, they weren't awarded the
golden platter.
The next three gold records that were certified after Perry Como's
million seller were the 45 rpm recordings of "He's Got the Whole
World in His Hands" by Laurie London, "Patricia", an instrumental by
the 'Mambo King', Perez Prado and "Hard Headed Woman" by Elvis
Presley. The first gold-album certification went to the soundtrack of
the motion picture, "Oklahoma!", featuring Gordon MacRae.
Is there really a gold record inside the wooden frame presented to
winners? Those who know say, "No." Its a gold-leaf veneer of maybe 18
kt. gold and/or it is a record painted gold. Yes, the song earning
the award is supposed to be the one making up the gold record, but
this is not always the case, according to several artists who have
tried to play theirs.

** Events
1794 - Eli Whitney patented his cotton gin, making it possible to
clean 50 pounds of cotton a day, compared to a pound a day before
Whitney's invention.
1923 - U.S. President Warren G. Harding became the first Chief
Executive to pay taxes and account for his income. Harding's tax bill
amounted to nearly $18,000.
1985 - Bill Cosby captured four People's Choice Awards for "The Cosby
Show". The awards were earned from results of a nationwide Gallup
Poll. Barbara Mandrell stunned the audience by announcing that she
was pregnant while accepting her second award on the show. She talked
about "the child here tonight in my tummy." Bob Hope won the award as
All-Time Entertainer beating Clint Eastwood and Frank Sinatra for the
honor. Mr. Hope, however, did not announce that he was pregnant.

** Birthdays
1833 - Lucy Taylor (1st woman in U.S. to receive a degree in dentistry [1866])
1854 - Paul Ehrlich (1908 Nobel prize for medicine; founded
chemotherapy discovered Salvarsan - a remedy for syphilis, developed
antitoxin for diphtheria)
1928 - Frank Borman (Apollo astronaut, former president of former
Eastern Airlines)
1934 - Eugene (Andrew) Cernan (astronaut: pilot: Gemini 9 [June,
1966]; crew member: Apollo 17 [Dec, 1972] moon landing, spent three
days exploring lunar surface [w/astronaut Harrison Schmitt], Cernan
quote before departing for Earth, "As we leave the moon at
Taurus-Littrow, we leave as we came and, God willing, as we shall
return, with peace and hope for all mankind. God speed the crew of
Apollo 17.")

** Chart Toppers - 1985
Can't Fight This Feeling - REO Speedwagon
The Heat is On - Glenn Frey
Material Girl - Madonna
My Only Love - The Statler Brothers

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 64 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Wed, Mar 15, 2000 (10:25) * 38 lines 
Today in History for March 15
LONDON (Reuters) - Here are some notable events from this date in history:
44 B.C. - Conspirators led by Brutus and Cassius assassinated Gaius Julius
Caesar, Roman Emperor.
1767 - Andrew Jackson, U.S. general and seventh president of the United
States, born. He was the first president born in South Carolina and the first to
travel on a train.
1781 - During the American Revolution, Cornwallis, with 1,900 British
soldiers, defeated an American force of 4,400 in the Battle of Guilford
Courthouse in Connecticut.
1883 - In London, Irish-American terrorists attempted to blow up the offices of
The Times newspaper.
1892 - The first escalator, the Reno Inclined Elevator, was patented by Jesse
W. Reno of New York.
1898 - Sir Henry Bessemer, British inventor and engineer, died. He invented
an economical process for converting cast iron into steel.
1909 - The American Harry G. Selfridge opened his department store in
1916 - U.S. President Woodrow Wilson sent 12,000 troops under General
Pershing over the border to Mexico in a failed mission to pursue the bandit
Pancho Villa.
1937 - The first central blood bank to preserve blood for transfusion by
refrigeration, was set up at Cook County Hospital in Chicago.
1939 - The German army crossed the Czech frontier and Adolf Hitler
proclaimed the protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia.
1964 - Elizabeth Taylor married Richard Burton in Montreal.
1975 - Aristotle Onassis, Greek shipping magnate, died. In 1968 he had
married Jacqueline Kennedy, widow of U.S. President John F. Kennedy.
1979 - Pope John Paul II published his first encyclical ``Redemptor Hominis''
in which he warned of the growing gap between rich and poor.
1983 - Dame Rebecca West (Cicily Isabel Fairfield), English author, died.
Best known for her novels and her study of Yugoslavia ``Black Lamb and
Grey Falcon.''
1990 - Mikhail Gorbachev was elected the first executive president of the
Soviet Union. On the same day the Soviet parliament ruled that Lithuania's
declaration of independence was invalid and that Soviet law was still in force
in the Baltic republic.

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 65 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Wed, Mar 15, 2000 (12:24) * 46 lines 
March 15th Music History
Today's birthdays include:
Producer Arif Mardin, who was born in 1932 (age 68)
Grateful Dead bassist Phil Lesh in 1940 (age 60)
Mike Love of the Beach Boys in 1941 (age 59)
Sly Stone, whose real name is Sylvester Stewart, and David
Costell of Gary Lewis and the Playboys, both in 1944 (age 56)
War guitarist Howard Scott in 1946 (age 54)
Guitarist Ry Cooder in 1947 (age 53)
Dee Snider of Twisted Sister in 1955 (age 45)
Steve Coy of Dead or Alive, and Terence Trent D'Arby, both in 1962 (age 38)
Rockwell, whose real name is Kenneth Gordy, son of Motown's
Berry Gordy, in 1964 (age 36)

In 1956, Colonel Tom Parker became Elvis Presley's personal
In 1957, Frankie Lymon and the Teenagers arrived in Britain
for a tour.
In 1972, a Los Angeles radio station played the Donny Osmond
song "Puppy Love" for 90 minutes non-stop.
In 1975, Marc Bolan's group T-Rex disbanded.
In 1980, the Clash film "Rude Boys" opened in London.
Also in 1980, Phil Lynott's third volume of poetry -- "A
Collected Work of Phil Lynott" -- was published.
In 1984, Liverpool, England, named the surviving Beatles
"freemen" -- the city's highest honor.
In 1987, Barbara Mandrell was named All-Around Female
Entertainer by the People's Choice Awards.
In 1994, Whitney Houston and Toni Braxton each took home two
awards from the eighth annual Soul Train Music Awards.
In 1995, Paul McCartney announced that the surviving Beatles
had recorded some new songs, which would be released at
year's end, along with the TV documentary "The Beatles
Also in 1995, Mick Jagger and "Forrest Gump" producer Steve
Tisch announced they'd formed a film production company, to
be known as Lip Service.
In 1995, Madonna told a Los Angeles radio station that she'll
star in the title role of the movie version of "Evita."
In 1999, Billy Joel, Bruce Springsteen, Paul McCartney, Curtis
Mayfield, the Staple Singers, the late Dusty Springfield and
the late Del Shannon were inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall
of Fame in a ceremony in New York City.

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 66 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Wed, Mar 15, 2000 (12:44) * 45 lines 
Almanac for Wednesday, March 15,
the 75th day of 2000 with 291
to follow. The moon is waxing, moving toward its full phase.
The morning stars are Mercury and Venus. The evening stars
are Mars, Jupiter and Saturn.

Born on this date under the sign of Pisces:
They include Andrew Jackson, seventh president of the United States, in 1767
German immunologist Emil von Behring in 1854
Hollywood movie mogul Lew Wasserman in 1913 (age 87)
Trumpet playing bandleader Harry James in 1916
U.S. Supreme Court Justice Ruth Bader Ginsberg in 1933 (age 67)
Actor Judd Hirsch in 1935 (age 65)
Model Fabio, born Fabio Lanzori, in 1961 (age 39)

On This Date in History:
In 44 B.C., Julius Caesar was assassinated by Brutus and
other Roman nobles in Rome.
In 1493, Christopher Columbus returned to Spain after his
first voyage to the New World.
In 1916, General John "Black Jack" Pershing marched into
Mexico to capture revolutionary leader Pancho Villa, who
had staged several cross-border raids. The two-year expedition
was unsuccessful.
In 1984, the acquittal of a Miami police officer on charges
of negligently killing a ghetto youth sparked a rampage by
angry blacks in Miami. 550 people were arrested.
In 1985, two decades of military rule in Brazil ended with
the installation of a civilian government.
In 1990, the Israeli Knesset brought down Yitzhak Shamir's
government on a no-confidence motion after the Likud Party
leader refuses to accept a U.S. peace proposal.
In 1991, Serbian President Slobodan Milosevic declared
Serbia's secession from the Yugoslav federation.
In 1993, the New York Post filed for bankruptcy protection
hours after the newspaper's new buyer fired 72 employees,
throwing the future of the 192-year-old tabloid into doubt.
In 1994, despite being the subject of a criminal
investigation into his financial affairs, Rep. Dan
Rostenkowski, D-Ill., chairman of the powerful House Ways
and Means Committee, won a hard-fought battle for
renomination. He'd lose the November general election.
In 1997, the rebellion in Zaire continued as Kisangani, the
African nation's third-largest city, fell to rebel forces.

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 67 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Wed, Mar 15, 2000 (18:22) * 55 lines 
Know Your History for March 15:
** This is #1 Album Day!
"Billboard" magazine debuted a new feature. It was the record chart
of top albums. What album was the first to top this new chart? For
those who thought it was something by Lauryn Hill, move two steps
back, please. For those who thought it was a wax cylinder from Thomas
Edison and the Record Rappers, jump back another three spaces. If,
however, you said that the first album to reach #1 on this day in
1945 was "The King Cole Trio", you are absolutely correct!
Of course, the albums mentioned on the "Billboard" list were, for
several years, 78 rpm disks, not the 33-1/3 albums we came to know.
"Billboard" and other trade magazines continue to list the week's top
albums. "Billboard" lists the Top 200 in order, from #1 on down. Some
even have 'bullets' to reflect the week's top movement in sales and
radio airplay.

** Events
44BC - The ancient Roman calendar referred to the 15th of March, May,
July or October as the Ide or Ides of the month. The fifteenth day of
every other month was the Ide. We only remember March as the month
that has Ides because it was on this day that Roman Emperor Julius
Caesar was assassinated. It was one William Shakespeare who helped to
promote the Ides of March. He sure knew how to run a PR campaign.
1913 - U.S. President Woodrow Wilson held the first open presidential
news conference just 11 days after his inauguration.
1937 - The first blood bank was established -- in Chicago, IL at the
Cook County Hospital. Have some cookies and maybe an orange to
1968 - "LIFE" magazine called Jimi Hendrix, "the most spectacular
guitarist in the world."

** Birthdays
1767 - Andrew Jackson (7th U.S. President [1829-1837]; married to
Rachel Robards; nickname: Old Hickory [passed away June 8, 1845])
1932 - Alan Bean (astronaut: lunar module pilot: Apollo 12 [man's
second lunar landing], forth man to set foot on the moon [Nov 19,
1969]; commander of Skylab 3 mission [U.S.' first space station:
1935 - Judd Hirsch (Emmy Award-winning actor: Taxi [1980-81,1982-83];
Ordinary People, The Good-bye People, Running on Empty) 1935 - Jimmy
(Lee) Swaggert (evangelist)
1940 - Phil Lesh (Chapman) (musician: bass: group: Grateful Dead: St.
Stephen, China Cat Sunflower, Dark Star, Uncle John's Band, New
Speedway Boogie, Truckin', Box of Rain, Alabama Gateway; composer:
electronic music)
1961 - Fabio (Lanzoni) (model: covers of romance novels; writer: Pirate)
1962 - Terence Trent D'Arby (singer, songwriter: Wishing Well, LP:
Introducing the Hard Line)

** Chart Toppers - 1986
Sara - Starship
These Dreams - Heart
Secret Lovers - Atlantic Starr
I Could Get Used to You - Exile

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 68 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Thu, Mar 16, 2000 (13:38) * 77 lines 
TODAY'S ALMANAC - Thursday, March 16, 2000
"The History, Days and Events that
Shape Your Life"
*----------- A Thought for the Day ------------*

Emile Auguste Chartier said,
"Nothing is more dangerous than an idea,
when it's the only one we have."

Today is Thursday, March 16, the 76th day of 2000 with 290
to follow. The moon is waxing, moving toward its full phase.
The morning stars are Mercury and Venus. The evening stars
are Mars, Jupiter and Saturn.

Born on this date under the sign of Pisces:
They include James Madison, fourth president of the United States, in 1751
German physicist Georg Ohm, a pioneer in the study of electricity, in 1787
Former first lady Pat Nixon in 1912
Entertainer Jerry Lewis in 1926 (age 74)
Sen. Daniel Patrick Moynihan, D-N.Y., in 1927 (age 73)
Filmmaker Bernardo Bertolucci in 1941 (age 59)
Actor Erik Estrada in 1949 (age 51)
Actress Kate Nelligan in 1951 (age 49)


On This Date in History:

In 1802, Congress authorized the establishment of the U.S.
Military Academy at West Point, N.Y.

In 1926, Robert Goddard launched the world's first liquid-
fuel rocket.

In 1966, American astronauts Neil Armstrong and David Scott
docked their Gemini-8 space vehicle with an Agena craft, a
first in orbital history.

In 1968, some 300 Vietnam villagers died at the hands of
American troops in what came to be known as the My Lai

In 1978, the Senate approved the first of two Panama Canal
pacts. The treaty guaranteed neutrality of the canal after
Panama assumes control at the end of 1999.

In 1991, Baghdad claimed its troops had crushed an uprising
in southern Iraq that began in the wake of the Gulf War.

In 1992, a state court in Los Angeles awarded humorist Art
Buchwald and producer Alain Bernheim $900,000 from Paramount
Studios for Buchwald's idea for the movie "Coming to America,"
which was a hit for comedian Eddie Murphy.

In 1993, authorities met "face-to-face" for the first time
with representatives from the Branch Davidian compound near
Waco, Texas, in an effort to peacefully end the 17-day siege.

In 1994, the International Atomic Energy Agency said North
Korea barred its inspectors from checking one of the
Communist nation's seven nuclear sites.

Also in 1994, Tonya Harding pleaded guilty to helping to
cover up the plot against fellow skater Nancy Kerrigan.

In 1998, in a 14-page statement, the Vatican apologized for
not doing more to prevent the murders of millions of Jews at
the hands of the Nazis.

In 1999, millionaire magazine publisher Steve Forbes
announced his second bid for the Republican presidential

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 69 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Thu, Mar 16, 2000 (18:57) * 81 lines 
Know Your History for March 16:
** This is Le Roi du Crazy Day!
Who could have known that Joseph Levitch, the baby boy born on this
day in 1926 in Newark, New Jersey, would someday wear the crown of
the 'King of Crazy'! Maybe his father had a clue when he introduced
his five year old on stage at Brown's Hotel in Loch Sheldrake, NY.
Little Joey sang, "Brother, Can You Spare a Dime". Today, that
theatre bears the name of this actor, singer, dancer, musician,
comedian, producer, professor, and humanitarian. Maybe you've been to
the Jerry Lewis Theatre in the borscht belt in upstate New York.
Certainly, you've seen Jerry Lewis perform.
Maybe your first experience was seeing him in his role as the goofy
partner of the suave, romantic Dean Martin. From 1946, when the two
performed together for the first time in Atlantic City's 500 Club,
till a decade later when the partners split; we were entertained with
club appearances and no less than a dozen movies. The first, "My
Friend Irma", premiered at New York's Paramount Theatre. The opening
stage act starred Martin and Lewis in person.
Jerry Lewis' mugging skills became the central force behind many of
the movies the two made. Films like "That's My Boy" and "The Caddy"
catapulted him into stardom. From 1951 through 1959, Jerry's name
appeared in the top ten of box-office stars (6 years with his partner
and 3 solo). In fact, in 1959, Paramount signed him to a
fourteen-film contract for ten million dollars -- probably the most
expensive contract signed with a performer at the time. He was back
in the top ten from 1961 through 1964 and had received acclaim as
Best Director for "The Nutty Professor" from the French.
Comedian, film star and director was never enough for the zany,
talented Lewis. He had a top-ten hit in 1956, "Rock-A-Bye Your Baby
with a Dixie Melody"; his own TV variety show from 1965 to 1974 and
he continued to make movies, work the club circuit, and teach film at
USC. His devotion to supporting the Muscular Dystrophy Association is
known world wide. There are few who have never seen the annual Labor
Day Telethon for MDA hosted by the untiring Jerry Lewis. Undaunted by
protesters he continues the quest to raise money to help those
stricken with neuromuscular diseases.
And, undaunted by the fact that his talents have never been truly
recognized by his fellow Americans, Jerry Lewis continues to
entertain us. A cult hero to the French, he remains 'Le Roi du Crazy'.

** Events
1850 - The novel, "The Scarlet Letter", by Nathaniel Hawthorne, was
published for the first time. Attention: Any sweater with a big
letter "A" on it should not be worn today! So, please, put the letter
sweaters away for a day, ok? Thank you. In case you forgot, other
novels by Mr. Hawthorne included "The House of Seven Gables", "The
Marble Faun", "Twice-Told Tales", "Tanglewood Tales" and "The Wonder
1964 - Paul Hornung, 'The Golden Boy', and Alex Karras, the guy who
punched out a horse in the movie, "Blazing Saddles", were reinstated
to the NFL after an 11-month suspension for betting on football games.
1985 - "People" magazine listed the top 57 money-making show-biz
stars. At the pinnacle was Paul McCartney, former Beatle and leader
of the group, Wings, whose music empire was said to be worth $500
million. Bob Hope made the list with a worth of about $200 million.
1987 - "Bostonia" magazine printed an English translation of Albert
Einstein's last high school report card. The brain behind the theory
of relativity did relatively well with an 'A' in math, of course, but
a 'D' in French.

** Birthdays
1751 - James Madison (4th U.S. President [1809-1817]; married to
Dorothea 'Dolly' Todd; nickname: Father of the Constitution; passed
away June 28, 1836)
1906 - Henny (Henry) Youngman (comedian: "Take my wife ... please.",
Joe & Dad, The Henny and Rocky Show; actor: Amazon Women on the Moon,
National Lampoon Goes to the Movies, The Unkissed Bride, Goodfellas
[cameo]; passed away Feb 24, 1998)
1954 - Nancy Wilson (musician: guitar, singer: group: Heart: Crazy on
You, Magic Man, Barracuda, Straight On; actress: Fast Times at
Ridgemont High, The Wild Life)
1955 - Isabelle Huppert (actress: Le Ceremonie, The Separation,
Violette, Story of Women, Entre Nous)

** Chart Toppers - 1987
Jacob's Ladder - Huey Lewis & The News
Somewhere Out There - Linda Ronstadt & James Ingram
Let's Wait Awhile - Janet Jackson
Baby's Got a New Baby - S-K-O

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 70 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Fri, Mar 17, 2000 (13:05) * 81 lines 
MUSIC HISTORY & TRIVIA - Friday, March 17, 2000
"A look at what happened in years
past on this day in music"

Today's birthdays include:

Nat "King" Cole, who was born in 1919; John Sebastian, who
was with the Lovin' Spoonful before going solo, and Them
drummer Patrick McCauley, both in 1944 (age 56)

War drummer Harold Brown in 1946 (age 54)

Thin Lizzy's Scott Gorham in 1951 (age 49)

Singer Susie Allanson in 1952 (age 48)

Level 42 keyboardist/singer Mike Lindup in 1959 (age 41)


In 1962, Alexis Korner's Blues Inc. debuted at the Ealing
Club in London. with future Rolling Stone Charlie Watts on
drums. Within weeks, Mick Jagger and Jack Bruce would join
the group -- Jagger as a vocalist and Bruce on bass.

In 1968, the Bee Gees made its U.S. television debut --
performing "To Love Somebody" and "Words" on "The Ed
Sullivan Show."

In 1973, Pink Floyd's "Dark Side of the Moon" album first
entered the Billboard Top-200 album chart -- and has hardly
left it since.

In 1978, "American Hot Wax" -- the biopic about disc jockey
Alan Freed -- premiered.

In 1982, Samuel George Jr., lead singer of the Capitols, was
stabbed to death at the age of 39. The Capitols -- a Detroit
trio -- had a top-10 hit in 1966 with the song "Cool Jerk."

In 1987, Boy George met Princess Diana at a London disco.

Also in 1987, fire damaged the San Diego, Calif., home of
Jim Croce's widow, Ingrid.


In 1990, Prince began filming "Graffiti Bridge," the follow-
up to his movie "Purple Rain."

Also in 1990, former Blind Faith bassist Ric Grech died at
the age of 44.

In 1994, Michael Jackson's mother testified before a Los
Angeles grand jury investigating whether to bring criminal
charges of child molestation against her pop star son. No
charges were ever filed.

In 1996, a British newspaper (the London Sun) reported that
Michael Jackson had purchased a French castle near EuroDisney
outside Paris.

In 1997, filming began on the first motion picture ever shot
inside Graceland. It starred Harvey Keitel as a man who
claims to be Elvis Presley and Bridget Fonda as a Marilyn
Monroe impersonator.

In 1998, "Van Halen 3" -- featuring new vocalist Gary Cherone
-- was released.

Also in 1998, Ice Cube kicked off a promotional tour to push
the film "The Player's Club" as well as the soundtrack CD.

In 1998, rapper C-Bo -- a.k.a. Shawn Thomas -- was sentenced
to two more months in jail in Sacramento, Calif., after
testing positive for marijuana. That was a violation of his

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 71 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Fri, Mar 17, 2000 (13:20) * 74 lines 
TODAY'S ALMANAC - Friday, March 17, 2000
"The History, Days and Events that
Shape Your Life"

Today is Friday, March 17, the 77th day of 2000 with 289 to
follow. This is St. Patrick's Day. The moon is waxing, moving
toward its full phase. The morning stars are Mercury and
Venus. The evening stars are Mars, Jupiter and Saturn.
Born on this date under the sign of Pisces:
They include German engineer Gottleib Daimler, inventor of
the gasoline-burning internal combustion engine, in 1834
Children's author and illustrator Kate Greenaway in 1846
Golfer Bobby Jones in 1902
Actress Mercedes McCambridge in 1918 (age 82)
Jazz legend Nat "King" Cole in 1919
Ballet dancer Rudolf Nureyev in 1938
Actors Patrick Duffy in 1949 (age 51)
Kurt Russell in 1951 (age 49)
Leslie-Anne Down in 1954 (age 46)
Gary Sinise in 1955 (age 45)
Rob Lowe in 1964 (age 36)
Vicki Lewis ("NewsRadio") in 1966 (age 34)


On This Date in History:

In 1776, the Continental Army under Gen. George Washington
forced British troops to evacuate Boston.

In 1945, the battle against Japanese forces for the Pacific
island of Iwo Jima ended in victory for the United States.

In 1958, the U.S. Navy launched the satellite Vanguard-1
into orbit around the earth.

In 1978, the tanker Amoco Cadiz ran aground on the coast
of Brittany in France, eventually spilling some 220,000
tons of crude.

In 1991, Iran and Saudi Arabia resumed diplomatic relations
broken in 1988.

In 1992, 10 people were killed and at least 126 injured in
a bomb blast that destroyed the Israeli Embassy in Buenos
Aires, Argentina.

In 1993, an Amtrak passenger train hit a gasoline tanker in
Fort Lauderdale, Fla., killing the tanker driver and five
other people.

Also in 1993, actress Helen Hayes died at age 92.

In 1994, former President Reagan said Oliver North, who was
running for a U.S. Senate seat from Virginia, lied when he
said Reagan "knew everything" about the Iran-Contra

In 1995, President Clinton met with Gerry Adams, leader of
Sinn Fein, the political arm of the Irish Republican Army,
at the White House.

In 1997, Anthony Lake, President Clinton's nominee as
director of the CIA, withdrew his name from consideration
following questions about his management ability while head
of the National Security Council.

In 1999, the International Olympic Committee voted to expel
six members in connection with the bribery scandal related
to the effort by Salt Lake City, Utah, to win the 2002
Winter Olympic Games. Five other IOC members had already

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 72 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Fri, Mar 17, 2000 (13:24) * 55 lines 
Know Your History for March 17:
** This is Wearin' O' the Green Day!
In 432 A.D., Bishop Patrick left his home in England and returned to
the country where he had once been enslaved. His purpose was to
introduce Christianity to the Irish people. Many legends were told
about Patrick, including the most famous, that he had charmed all the
snakes into the sea, ridding Ireland of them. He was so loved that he
was made the Patron Saint of all of Ireland. St. Patrick's Day has
been celebrated in Ireland on his feast day, March 17th, since the
year 461. Today, Saint Patrick's Day is still a legal, national
holiday in Ireland and Northern Ireland.
Irish people have traveled to all parts of the world bringing their
holiday with them. In 1762, those who came to New York formed the
first of New York City's St. Patrick's Day parades; an annual event
ever since. This year, 125,000 marchers walk the two-mile green
stripe down NYC's famed Fifth Avenue, with another 2,000,000 watching
them, the largest St. Patrick's Day parade anywhere.
Most of those New Yorkers will be wearing the three-leafed shamrock.
It is said that St. Patrick used the green-leafed clover to
illustrate the Trinity.
We'll be wearing green or we'll be be pinched for sure, whether we're
Irish or not ... even though we don't know how the pinch became part
of the day's traditions. Maybe it's those leprechauns who started the
When and how corned beef, boiled cabbage and potatoes became part of
this day's celebration are also a mystery. We can kinda figure this
one out for ourselves; but green beer and green bagels are another

** Events
1941 - The National Gallery of Art was officially opened by U.S.
President Franklin D. Roosevelt in Washington, D.C.
1967 - Snoopy and Charlie Brown, of the comic strip "Peanuts", made
the cover of "LIFE" magazine.
1969 - Golda Meir was sworn in as the fourth premier of Israel.
1985 - William Schroeder set a record for heart transplant patients
as he reached his 113th day of life with the artificial organ.

** Birthdays
1777 - Roger Taney (Chief Justice of the U.S.: his decision that
Congress had no power to abolish slavery in territories helped bring
on the Civil War [Dred Scott case])
1938 - Rudolf Nureyev (Russian ballet dancer: defected to U.S.
[1961]; danced with Dame Margot Fonteyn, the Martha Graham Dance
Company; was artistic director of the Paris Opera Ballet)
1964 - Rob Lowe (actor: St. Elmo's Fire, About Last Night)

** Chart Toppers - 1988
Never Gonna Give You Up - Rick Astley
I Get Weak - Belinda Carlisle
Man in the Mirror - Michael Jackson
Too Gone Too Long - Randy Travis

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 73 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Fri, Mar 17, 2000 (18:40) * 25 lines 

March 17th is celebrated as Saint Patrick's Day, a holiday honoring the missionary
credited with converting the Irish to Christianity. There is no small amount of
controversy surrounding Saint Patrick's actual identity; some historical sources
maintain that he was not actually Irish, suggesting that he was indeed born around
373 A.D. in either Scotland or in Britain. Born Maewyn Succat, the missionary took
on the name of Patricius later in life, upon entering the priesthood.
At the age of 16, it is reported that Patricius--or Patrick--was kidnapped by seafaring
slave traders, who in turn sold him into bondage in Ireland. Held there for over six
years, the young man worked as a shepherd. Allegedly, it is during this pastoral
time that he began to experience various epiphanies. As a result, he guarded these
visions as closely as his flocks, cultivating a devout Christian faith in those Irish
fields. Indeed, it is this faith that allowed Patrick to escape his trials of bondage; as
the story goes, it was an unseen voice that led the shepherd-saint out of Ireland.
It was not until almost fifty years later that Patrick returned to the country, arriving
on the Gaelic shores as a 60 year-old missionary. It's said that Patrick was
renowned for his charismatic personality, enabling him to win over many converts
from among the Irish masses. He used the three-leafed clover, or shamrock, to
explain the concept of the Trinity to his new converts.
Among the many miracles that have been attributed to St. Patrick, it has been said
that Saint Patrick drove all the snakes out of Ireland and into the ocean. This story
probably has more basis in allegorical import than historical fact, as the serpent was
a revered pagan symbol; in either event, this tale highlights Patrick's role in driving
proto-Christian paganism from the shores of Ireland.

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 74 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Sat, Mar 18, 2000 (11:10) * 32 lines 
Today in History for March 18
LONDON (Reuters) - Here are some notable events from this date in history:
1662 - The first buses, eight-seater vehicles known as ``carrosses a cinq
solz,'' ran in Paris.
1745 - Sir Robert Walpole, British Whig statesman and the nation's first and
longest-serving prime minister, died. He held the post from 1721 to 1742.
1776 - Britain repealed the Stamp Act, a taxation measure despised in its
American colonies, but too late to stop the U.S. declaraion of independence.
1768 - Laurence Sterne, Irish-born clergyman and novelist, author of ``The Life
and Opinions of Tristram Shandy,'' died.
1842 - Stephane Mallarme, French Symbolist poet, born. His ``L'Apres-midi
d'un Faune'' inspired composer Claude Debussy to write an orchestral prelude
of the same name.
1844 - Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov, Russian composer and conductor, born. As
a teacher, his pupils included Stravinsky and Prokofiev.
1858 - Rudolf Diesel, German engineer and inventor of the engine that bears
his name, born.
1869 - Arthur Neville Chamberlain, British Conservative prime minister, born.
His 1937-40 premiership was marked by a policy of appeasement toward
Adolf Hitler.
1893 - Wilfred Owen, English poet, born. His poems about the First World
War expressed his anger at the futility of war.
1905 - Robert Donat, English film actor who won an Oscar for ``Goodbye Mr
Chips,'' born.
1922 - A court in British India sentenced Mahatma Gandhi to six years
imprisonment for his civil disobedience campaign.
1932 - John Updike, American novelist, poet and critic, born.
1940 - Hitler and Mussolini met at the Brenner pass in the Alps. They agreed
that Italy should enter World War II within months alongside Nazi Germany.
1949 - The text of the North Atlantic Treaty was published.
1965 - Soviet cosmonaut Aleksei Leonov made the first space walk.

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 75 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Sun, Mar 19, 2000 (13:02) * 37 lines 
Today in History for March 19
LONDON (Reuters) - Here are some notable events from this date in history:
1593 - Georges de La Tour, French painter, born. Noted for painting
candlelight scenes such as ``The Mocking of Job.''
1813 - David Livingstone, Scottish explorer and missionary in Africa who
discovered the Victoria Falls in 1855, born. After being feared dead on his
next trip he was found alive by journalist Henry Stanley with the words ``Dr.
Livingstone, I presume?''
1821 - Sir Richard Burton, English explorer, born. He penetrated the holy
cities of Mecca and Medina disguised as a pilgrim. He also translated the
``Arabian Nights.''
1848 - Wyatt Earp, American law officer who took part in involved in several
gunfights including one at the O.K. Corral, born.
1861 - The Maori insurrection in New Zealand ended in surrender.
1872 - Sergei Diaghilev, Russian ballet impresario, born.
1906 - Adolf Eichmann, Nazi colonel who played a major part in the
extermination of Jews in World War Two, born. In 1960 Israeli agents seized
him from Argentina and he was later tried and executed.
1920 - The United States refused to sign the Versailles Treaty and join the
League of Nations, for fear of being drawn into a war if another member
country was invaded.
1928 - Patrick McGoohan, U.S. actor best known for the cult TV series ``The
Prisoner,'' born.
1932 - Australia's Sydney Harbour Bridge was officially opened.
1933 - Philip Roth, American author, born. Noted for his novels about Jewish
middle-class life.
1936 - Ursula Andress, actress who made her name in the 1962 James Bond
movie ``Dr. No,'' born in Switzerland.
1950 - Edgar Rice Burroughs, American novelist, died. Famed for the
``Tarzan'' stories.
1970 - The heads of the West and East German governments, Willy Brandt
and Willi Stoph, met at Erfurt. It was the first east-west meeting since
Germany was divided.
1997 - Willem de Kooning, a founder of the Abstract Expressionist school
that transformed American art in the 1940s, died.

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 76 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Mon, Mar 20, 2000 (11:55) * 37 lines 
Today in History for March 20
LONDON (Reuters) - Here are some notable events from this date in history:
43 B.C. - Ovid (Publius Ovidius Naso), Roman poet, born. He was exiled from
Rome in 9 A.D.
1727 - Sir Isaac Newton, British scientist and mathematician, died. He was
noted for his theories and discoveries especially that of gravity.
1780 - The firm of James Watt & Co. was formed for the manufacture of the
first duplicating machines, invented by Watt to cope with the large amount of
copying involved in his steam engine business.
1815 - Napoleon arrived back in Paris from Elba to reclaim power at the start
of ``The Hundred Days'' before defeat at Waterloo.
1828 - Henrik Ibsen, Norwegian poet and playwright, born. His realistic social
dramas, including ``A Doll's House'' and ``Hedda Gabler,'' influenced many
1852 - Harriet Beecher Stowe's anti-slavery novel ``Uncle Tom's Cabin'' was
first published in book form.
1890 - Beniamino Gigli, Italian operatic tenor, born; with a repertory of over 60
roles, he retired in 1955 after over 40 years singing.
1890 - Lauritz Melchior, Danish operatic tenor, born. Probably the greatest
Wagnerian tenor of all time, he sang Wagner's ``Tristan und Isolde'' over 200
1908 - Sir Michael Redgrave, English actor, born. Best known for his roles in
``The Captive Heart'' and ``The Browning Version.''
1917 - Dame Vera Lynn, English singer and sweetheart of British forces
during World War Two, born.
1934 - The first experiments with the forerunner of radar were carried out at
Kiel Harbour, Germany, by Dr. Rudolph Kuenhold.
1945 - Lord Alfred Bruce Douglas, editor and poet, died. His close
association with Oscar Wilde eventually led to Wilde's trial and imprisonment
for homosexual practices.
1948 - Eugene Ormandy conducted the Philadelphia Symphony Orchestra on
CBS TV in the first symphony concert to be televised in the United States.
1964 - Brendan Behan, Irish writer and playwright, died. A member of the IRA,
he was imprisoned twice.
1976 - After an eight-week trial, Patricia Hearst was found guilty of armed
robbery in April 1974 in the United States.

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 77 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Mon, Mar 20, 2000 (11:59) * 69 lines 
Time Capsule for March 20

In 1976, San Francisco newspaper heiress Patty Hearst was
convicted of bank robbery.

In 1977, Prime Minister Indira Gandhi and her son, Sanjay,
lost their parliamentary races in India's general elections.
The Congress party also was defeated and the state of emergency
in India was lifted.

In 1986, the House rejected a $100 million aid package for
the Nicaraguan Contras, a major Reagan policy setback.

Also in 1986, the Dow Jones industrial average closed above
1800 for the first time.

In 1987, the federal government approved the sale of AZT, a
treatment but not a cure for AIDS.

In 1991, Baghdad was warned to abide by the cease-fire after
U.S. fighter jets shot down an Iraqi jet fighter in the first
major air action since the end of the Persian Gulf War.

In 1992, gay rights groups angered over the treatment of
bisexual characters in the film "Basic Instinct" protested
outside movie theaters.

In 1994, the strongest of the aftershocks to the Northridge
earthquake in January hit Southern California, measuring 5.3
on the Richter scale.

In 1995, 12 people were killed and more than 5,000 made ill by
a nerve gas attack on the Tokyo subway system. Members of a
religious sect were blamed.

Also in 1995, conservative commentator Pat Buchanan launched
his second bid for the presidency.

In 1996, Lyle and Erik Menendez were convicted of murdering
their wealthy parents in Los Angeles.

Also in 1996, the world learned of "mad cow" disease from a
British government report questioning the safety of British beef.

In 1997, the Liggett Group, the 5th-largest U.S. tobacco company,
agreed to admit that smoking was addictive and caused health
problems, and that the tobacco industry had sought for years to
sell its products to children as young as 14.
+------------------ Birthday's ------------------+
Roman poet Ovid in 43 B.C.
Adventurer and writer Edward Judson, originator of the dime novel, in 1820
Norwegian dramatist Henrik Ibsen in 1828; psychologist B.F. Skinner in 1904
Actor-bandleader Ozzie Nelson in 1907
Former New York Mayor Abe Beame in 1906 (age 94)
British actor Sir Michael Redgrave in 1908
Producer/director Carl Reiner in 1922 (age 78)
Fred Rogers ("Mister Rogers") in 1928 (age 72)
Actor Hal Linden ("Barney Miller") in 1931 (age 69)
Singer-songwriter Jerry Reed in 1937 (age 63)
Former Canadian Prime Minister Brian Mulroney in 1939 (age 61)
Former hockey player Bobby Orr in 1948 (age 52)
Actor William Hurt in 1950 (age 50)
Filmmaker Spike Lee and actress Theresa Russell, both in 1957 (age 43)

Actress Holly Hunter in 1958 (age 42)

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 78 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Mon, Mar 20, 2000 (12:37) * 63 lines 
History for March 20, 2000:
** This is Uncle Tom's Cabin Day!
It was on this day in 1852 that Harriet Beecher Stowe's classic book
was published. "Uncle Tom's Cabin", subtitled "Life Among the Lowly"
became an instant success, selling 300,000 copies in its first year.
It has since been translated into twenty languages and performed as a
play the world over.
"Uncle Tom's Cabin" was even spotlighted in the Broadway musical and
film, "The King and I". Maybe you remember the haunting chant from
the show, "Run Eliza, Run!" Harriet Beecher Stowe's novel remains a
must-read for school children -- and a reminder to all of us of an
ugly time in the history of the United States.
The antislavery novel and the adapted plays all feature the elderly,
kind slave, Uncle Tom; the slave child, Topsy; Little Eva, the
daughter of Tom's owner; Eliza, a young mulatto woman and the cruel,
northern-born overseer who beat Tom to death, Simon LeGree.
The book brought much sympathy from around the world toward the
American "peculiar institution" of slavery. In fact, Abraham Lincoln
told Harriet Beecher Stowe she was "the little woman who wrote the
book that started this great war," referring of course, to the Civil
'Til this day, we refer to an employer or any other with
slave-driving tendencies as a 'Simon LeGree'.

** Events
1865 - A plan by John Wilkes Booth to abduct President Abraham
Lincoln was foiled when Lincoln changed plans and failed to appear at
the Soldier's Home near Washington, DC. Booth would later assassinate
the President while Lincoln was attending a performance at Ford's
Theatre in the nation's capital.
1897 - The first intercollegiate basketball game to use five players
per team was held. Yale beat Pennsylvania by a score of 32-10 in New
Haven, CT.
1969 - Beatle John Lennon married Yoko Ono at the Rock of Gibraltar
on this day. Lennon called the location, "quiet, friendly and
British." He was the second Beatle to marry in eight days. Paul
McCartney and Linda Eastman were wed a week earlier.
1985 - Libby Riddles won the $50,000 top prize in the 1,135-mile
Anchorage-to-Nome dog race. The Iditarod was called Alaska's ultimate
endurance test and this was the first time a woman had won. Libby
completed the course in 18 days, twenty minutes and seventeen
seconds. Another woman, Susan Butcher, won the next three Iditarod
trail-sled dog races. The first race was run in 1973. The annual race
commemorates the emergency during a 1925 diphtheria epidemic when
medical supplies had to be rushed to Nome by dog sled.

1828 - Henrik Ibsen (Norwegian playwright: Hedda Gabler, Peer Gynt,
The Wild Duck, The Pillars of Society, An Enemy of the People)
1950 - William Hurt (actor: Broadcast News, The Accidental Tourist,
Altered States, The Big Chill, Trial by Jury, Children of a Lesser
1957 - Spike Lee (director: She's Gotta Have It, Do the Right Thing,
Mo' Better Blues, Jungle Fever, Malcolm X, Crooklyn, Clockers)
1957 - Spike Lee (director: She's Gotta Have It, Do the Right Thing,
Mo' Better Blues, Jungle Fever, Malcolm X, Crooklyn, Clockers)

** Chart Toppers - 1991
Someday - Mariah Carey
One More Try - Timmy -T-
Show Me the Way - Styx
I'd Love You All Over Again - Alan Jackson

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 79 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Mon, Mar 20, 2000 (19:19) * 27 lines 
Benedict Arnold Cannon Found on Auction Site
BURLINGTON, Vt. (Reuters) - A cannon believed to be from a Revolutionary
War boat commanded by American traitor Benedict Arnold and plucked 70
years ago from the shores of Lake Champlain turned up on the shores of
online auctioneer eBay Inc., Vermont's U.S. Attorney said on Friday.
The bronze ``swivel gun,'' which was recently handed over to the U.S. Naval
Historical Center in Washington, was fetching bids above $2,000 on eBay a
few weeks ago when Vermont historians heard about the auction and
contacted Vermont U.S. Attorney Charles Tetzlaff.
Law enforcement and eBay officials tracked down the seller a retired U.S. Air
Force general -- who said he bought the historic hardware for $500 two years
ago at a Virginia antiques show. The seller ``did the right thing'' by giving the
cannon, which the U.S. government contends is its property, over to
authorities, Tetzlaff said.
The seller had been told that the cannon was removed from the shores of
Lake Champlain with a truck and chain in the 1930's when it was in the way
of a planned boat pier.
Based on that information and a preliminary examination, experts believe the
cannon might have come from an area of the lake known as Arnold's Bay, in
Panton, Vermont, where Arnold destroyed four ships on Oct. 13, 1776, after
the Battle of Valcour Island, Tetzlaff said.
Markings on the armament indicate it was cast by the same Philadelphia firm
that made the Liberty Bell.
Before committing treason and joining the British, Arnold commanded the
American naval fleet on Lake Champlain, a strategic waterway between the
American colonies and British Canada.

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 80 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Tue, Mar 21, 2000 (12:05) * 37 lines 
Today in History for March 21
LONDON (Reuters) - Here are some notable events from this date in history:
1556 - The Archbishop of Canterbury, Thomas Cranmer, was burned at the
stake as a heretic.
1685 - Johann Sebastian Bach, composer and best known of the large
German family of musicians, born. Noted for his ``Brandenburg Concertos''
and the 48 preludes and fugues known as ``The Well-Tempered Clavier.''
1804 - The French civil code, the Code Napoleon, was first promulgated.
1839 - Modest Mussorgsky, Russian composer notably of ``Boris Godunov''
and ``Pictures at an Exhibition,'' born.
1869 - Florenz Ziegfeld, U.S. theatrical producer noted for creating the
``Follies'' stage revue, born.
1871 - Otto von Bismarck opened the first Reichstag, or Parliament, in the
newly created German Reich.
1917 - Czar Nicholas II and his family were arrested by the revolutionary
forces in Russia.
1918 - The Second Battle of the Somme, the last German offensive in World
War One, began.
1945 - British warplanes destroyed Gestapo headquarters in Copenhagen,
killing over 70 Nazis. The raid also killed civilians, including 86 schoolchildren,
in Denmark's worst civilian disaster of the war.
1960 - South African police opened fire on a peaceful demonstration in
Sharpeville in the Transvaal, killing 69 unarmed black protesters and
wounding more than 180.
1963 - Alcatraz Prison in San Francisco Bay, a harsh maximum-security jail
which once housed gangster Al Capone, closed when the last 27 prisoners
were transferred.
1965 - Martin Luther King led the start of a 4,000-strong civil rights march
from Selma to Montgomery, Alabama.
1985 - Sir Michael Redgrave, British actor and film star, died.
1989 - Australian Prime Minister Bob Hawke wept on television as he
admitted to having an extra-marital affair.
1998 - Galina Ulanova, the leading ballerina at the Bolshoi Theater for nearly
two decades after World War II, died aged 88.
1999 - British comedian Ernie Wise, who made his name in a legendary
double act with the late Eric Morecambe, died. He was 73.

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 81 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Tue, Mar 21, 2000 (12:08) * 38 lines 
History for March 21, 2000:
** This is God Bless America Day!
"God Bless America", written by Irving Berlin back in 1918 as a
tribute by a successful immigrant to his adopted country, was
recorded by Kate Smith for Victor Records on this day in 1939.
Ms. Smith first introduced the song on Armistice Day, November 11,
1938, at the New York World's Fair. It was a fitting tribute to its
composer, who gave all royalties from the very popular and emotional
song to the Boy Scouts. The song became Kate Smith's second signature
after "When the Moon Comes Over the Mountain"; and the second
national anthem of the United States of America.
On several occasions, it has even been suggested that the U.S.
Congress enact a bill changing the national anthem to "God Bless

** Events
1826 - The Rensselaer School in Troy, New York was incorporated. The
school known today as Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, became the
first engineering college in the United States. Remember this when
crossing over a bridge today...
1946 - The Los Angeles Rams signed Kenny Washington, the first black
player to join a National Football League team since 1933.

** Birthdays
1685 - Johann Sebastian Bach (composer: Gottes Zeit, Toccata and
Fugue in d minor, Little Organ Book, Mass in B Minor, Magnificat)
1944 - Manny (Manuel De Jesus Magan) Sanguillen (baseball: catcher:
Pittsburgh Pirates [World Series: 1971, 1979/all-star: 1971, 1972,
1975], Oakland Athletics)
1958 - Gary Oldman (actor: The Scarlet Letter, True Romance, Bram
Stoker's Dracula, Sid and Nancy, JFK)
1962 - Matthew Broderick (actor: War Games, The Freshman, Family
Business, Ladyhawke, Ferris Bueller's Day Off)
1966 - Cynthia Geary (actress: Northern Exposure, 8 Seconds)
2228 - James T. Kirk (captain of the Starship Enterprise NCC1701)

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 82 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Tue, Mar 21, 2000 (12:25) * 69 lines 
"The History, Days and Events that Shape Your Life"

*----------- A Thought for the Day ------------*

It was Winston Churchill who said, "Nothing in life
is so exhilberating as to be shot at without result."


Today is Tuesday, March 21, the 81st day of 2000 with 285 to
follow. The moon is waning, moving toward its last quarter.
The morning stars are Mercury and Venus. The evening stars
are Mars, Jupiter and Saturn.

Born on this date under the sign of Aries:
They include composer Johann Sebastian Bach in 1685
Mexican revolutionary and president Benito Juarez in 1806
Russian composer Modest Mussorgsky in 1839
Theatrical impresario Florenz Ziegfeld in 1869
English theatrical director Peter Brook in 1925 (age 75)
Actors James Coco in 1930
Al Freeman Jr. in 1934 (age 66)
Timothy Dalton in 1946 (age 54)
Gary Oldman in 1958 (age 42)
Matthew Broderick in 1962 (age 38)
Talk show host Rosie O'Donnell in 1962 (age 38)

On This Date in History:
In 1790, Thomas Jefferson of Virginia became the first U.S.
secretary of state. He later was the third president of the
United States.
In 1918, American and German soldiers fought the key World
War I battle of the Somme.
In 1945, 7,000 Allied planes dropped more than 12,000 tons
of explosives on Germany during a single World War II daytime
bombing raid.
In 1962, Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev pledged that Russia
would cooperate with the United States in peaceful
exploration of space. The joint American-Soviet Soyuz space
mission was conducted in July 1975.
In 1984, the U.S. aircraft carrier Kitty Hawk collided with
a nuclear-powered Soviet submarine in the Sea of Japan.
In 1991, L. William Seidman, chairman of the FDIC and
Resolution Trust Corp., said his agency needed $70 billion
to protect deposits from bank collapses.
In 1993, Russia plunged into its deepest political crisis
since the August 1991 coup attempt following President
Yeltsin's declaration of special rule by decree.
Also in 1993, seven more adults left the besieged Branch
Davidian compound as federal authorities continued
negotiations with cult leader David Koresh to end the
In 1993, Nicaraguan rebels ended their 13-day seizure of
the Nicaraguan Embassy, freeing the last 11 hostages under
a deal that gave them asylum in the Dominican Republic.
In 1994, North Korea threatened to pull out of the Nuclear
Nonproliferation Treaty if the United States reverses its
decision to hold military exercises with South Korea.
In 1996, European nations began banning British beef.
In 1997, a Palestinian bomber and three women died in an
explosion in Tel Aviv, Israel.
In 1999, balloonists Bertrand Piccard and Brian Jones landed
near Cairo, Egypt, after becoming the first to circle the
globe by balloon.

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 83 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Tue, Mar 21, 2000 (13:33) * 75 lines 
TIME CAPSULES - Tuesday, March 21, 2000
"Significant Events on This Day in History"

In 1790, Thomas Jefferson of Virginia became the first U.S.
secretary of state. He later was the third president of the
United States.

The key World War I Battle of Somme began on this date in 1918
when the Germans launched an artillery barrage against British
and French troops. The battle lasted until April 4 and ended
what had effectively been a stalemate. The Allies lost 230,000
men and the Germans almost as many.

The Cold War wasn't so cold on this date in 1962, when Soviet
Premier Nikita Khrushchev pledged that Russia would cooperate
with the United States in peaceful exploration of space. A joint
American-Soviet Soyuz space mission was conducted 13 years later,
in July 1975.

In 1984, the U.S. aircraft carrier Kitty Hawk collided with a
nuclear-powered Soviet submarine in the Sea of Japan.


In 1991, L. William Seidman, chairman of the FDIC and Resolution
Trust Corp., said his agency needed $70 billion to protect
deposits from bank collapses.

In 1993, Russia plunged into its deepest political crisis since
the August 1991 coup attempt following President Yeltsin's
declaration of special rule by decree.

Also in 1993, seven more adults left the besieged Branch
Davidian compound as federal authorities continued negotiations
with cult leader David Koresh to end the standoff.

And in 1993, Nicaraguan rebels ended their 13-day seizure of
the Nicaraguan Embassy, freeing the last 11 hostages under a
deal that gave them asylum in the Dominican Republic.

In 1994, North Korea threatened to pull out of the Nuclear
Nonproliferation Treaty if the United States reverses its
decision to hold military exercises with South Korea.

In 1996, European nations began banning British beef.

In 1997, a Palestinian bomber and three women died in an
explosion in Tel Aviv, Israel.

Around the world in 19 days. Swiss psychiatrist Bertrand Piccard
and British co-pilot Brian Jones landed near Cairo, Egypt, on
this date in 1999, completing the first around-the-world balloon
flight. They flew -- or maybe we should say floated -- more than
29,000 miles after launching their quest from the Swiss Alps
March 1.

+------------------ Birthday's ------------------+

Composer Johann Sebastian Bach in 1685

Mexican revolutionary and president Benito Juarez in 1806

Russian composer Modest Mussorgsky in 1839

Theatrical impresario Florenz Ziegfeld in 1869

English theatrical director Peter Brook in 1925 (age 75)

Actors James Coco in 1930, Al Freeman Jr. in 1934 (age 66),
Timothy Dalton in 1946 (age 54), Gary Oldman in 1958 (age 42),
and Matthew Broderick in 1962 (age 38)

Talk show host Rosie O'Donnell in 1962 (age 38)

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 84 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Wed, Mar 22, 2000 (12:17) * 37 lines 
"Significant Events on This Day in History"

In 1791, Congress enacted legislation forbidding slave trading
with foreign nations.

A hydroelectric milestone took place on this date in 1941: the
Grand Coulee Dam on the Columbia River began producing electric
power for the Pacific Northwest.

The Beatles released the band's first album in Britain, "Please
Please Me," on this date in 1963.

In 1987, Chad troops drove Libyan forces from a key airstrip in
northern Chad, apparently ending Moammar Gadhafi's seven-year
occupation. The Libyans abandoned $500 million worth of Soviet-
made tanks and airplanes.

In 1992, 27 people were killed when a US Air plane bound for
Cleveland skidded off a runway at New York's LaGuardia Airport
during a snowstorm and landed in the bay.

In 1993, a U.S. nuclear submarine collided with a Russian
nuclear sub in a Russian training area in the Barents Sea.
There were no casualties.

Here's a name from the past -- Brian "Kato" Kaelin. It was on
this date in 1995 that the world's most famous houseguest,
who'd been staying at O.J. Simpson's estate the night Simpson's
ex-wife and friend were murdered, testified at the former
athlete's double murder trial in Los Angeles.

In 1997, Comet Hale-Bopp made its closest approach to Earth --
about 122 million miles.

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 85 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Wed, Mar 22, 2000 (13:33) * 33 lines 
Today in History for March 22
LONDON (Reuters) - Here are some notable events from this date in history:
1599 - Sir Anthony Van Dyke born. After Rubens he was probably the most
prominent Flemish artist of the Baroque period.
1622 - In the James River area of Virginia, nearly 350 settlers were
massacred by Indians.
1687 - Jean-Baptiste-Lully, French composer, died. He gallicised his name
from Giovanni Battista Lulli when he became a French citizen.
1832 - Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet and author of ``Faust,''
died. ``Faust'' was begun in 1775, but the first part was not published until
1808, and the second in 1832.
1842 - Carl August Nicolas Rosa, German violinist and composer, born. In
1873 he founded the Carl Rosa Opera Company.
1895 - Auguste and Louis Lumiere gave the first demonstration of motion
pictures using celluloid film in Paris.
1896 - Thomas Hughes, English reformer, jurist and author of ``Tom Brown's
School Days,'' died.
1910 - English novelist Nicholas Monsarrat, author of ``The Cruel Sea,'' born.
1917 - The United States became the first country to recognize the
provisional government of Russia following the collapse of the monarchy.
1919 - The first international airline service was instituted between Paris and
Brussels on a weekly schedule.
1923 - French actor and mime artist Marcel Marceau was born. Best known
for his white-faced character ``Bip,'' based on Pip, a character from Charles
Dickens' ``Great Expectations.''
1930 - Stephen Joseph Sondheim, U.S. composer and lyricist, born. His
musical credits include ``West Side Story,'' ``Gypsy,'' ``A Little Night Music,''
``Sweeney Todd'' and ``Follies.''
1935 - The first high-definition television service was officially inaugurated by
the director-general of German broadcasting in Berlin.
1943 - Recording artist Keith Relf of The Yardbirds born.
1948 - Andrew Lloyd Webber, British composer, born. His musicals include
``Jesus Christ Superstar,'' ``Evita,'' ``Cats'' and ``Phantom of the Opera.''

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 86 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Thu, Mar 23, 2000 (14:25) * 48 lines 
Time Capsule - March 23, 2000
On this date in 1942, in the early days of World War II,
Japanese-Americans were forcibly moved from their homes along
the Pacific Coast to inland internment camps. The U.S.
government feared an attack from Japan and was worried
Japanese-Americans would aid the enemy. It was a low point in
U.S. history.

In 1966, Pope Paul VI met Britain's archbishop of Canterbury
at the Sistine Chapel in the Vatican, the first meeting between
the heads of the Roman Catholic and Anglican churches in 400

In 1985, the United States completed the secret air evacuation
of 800 Ethiopian Jews to Israel.

In 1993, President Clinton held his first full-blown White
House news conference on his 62nd day in office.

In 1994, the nominee of the ruling party in Mexico was shot to
death just after delivering a campaign speech in Tijuana. A
suspect believed to be the gunman was arrested immediately.

In 1996, Taiwan elected Lee Teng-hui in the island nation's
first direct presidential election.

In 1998, Russian President Boris Yeltsin fired his entire

"Titanic" won 11 Academy Awards on this date in 1998, tying
the record total won by "Ben-Hur" back in 1959.

In 1999, the vice president of Peru was assassinated.

+------------------ Birthday's ------------------+
Culinary expert Fannie Farmer in 1857
Psychoanalyst Erich Fromm in 1900
Actress Joan Crawford in 1908
Japanese filmmaker Akira Kurosawa in 1910
Rocket scientist Wernher von Braun in 1912
Former Atlanta Mayor Maynard Jackson Jr., in 1938 (age 62)
Comedian Louie Anderson and singer Chaka Khan, both in 1953
(age 47)
Actresses Amanda Plummer in 1957 (age 43) and Keri Russell
("Felicity") in 1976 (age 24).

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 87 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Thu, Mar 23, 2000 (14:42) * 57 lines 
TODAY'S ALMANAC - Thursday, March 23, 2000

Today is Thursday, March 23, the 83rd day of 2000 with 283
to follow. The moon is waning, moving toward its last quarter.
The morning stars are Mercury and Venus. The evening stars
are Mars, Jupiter and Saturn.

Born on this date under the sign of Aries:
They include culinary expert Fannie Farmer in 1857
Psychoanalyst Erich Fromm in 1900
Actress Joan Crawford in 1908
Japanese filmmaker Akira Kurosawa in 1910
Rocket scientist Wernher von Braun in 1912
Former Atlanta Mayor Maynard Jackson Jr., in 1938 (age 62)
Comedian Louie Anderson and singer Chaka Khan, both in 1953 (age 47)
Actresses Amanda Plummer in 1957 (age 43)
Keri Russell ("Felicity") in 1976 (age 24)

On This Date in History:

In 1765, the British Parliament passed the Stamp Act for
taxing the American colonies, an action that became a major
grievance for rebellious colonials.

In 1942, Japanese-Americans were forcibly moved from their
homes along the Pacific Coast to inland internment camps.

In 1966, Pope Paul VI met Britain's archbishop of Canterbury
at the Sistine Chapel in the Vatican, the first meeting
between the heads of the Roman Catholic and Anglican churches
in 400 years.

In 1983, the world's first recipient of a permanent
artificial heart, Barney Clark of Seattle, died in a Salt
Lake City hospital.

In 1985, the United States completed the secret air evacuation
of 800 Ethiopian Jews to Israel.

In 1993, President Clinton held his first full-blown White
House news conference on his 62nd day in office.

In 1994, the nominee of the ruling party in Mexico was shot
to death just after delivering a campaign speech in Tijuana.
A suspect believed to be the gunman was arrested immediately.

In 1996, Taiwan elected Lee Teng-hui in the island nation's
first direct presidential election.

In 1998, Russian President Boris Yeltsin fired his entire

Also in 1998, "Titanic" won 11 Academy Awards, tying the
record total won by "Ben-Hur" in 1959.

In 1999, the vice president of Peru was assassinated.

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 88 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Thu, Mar 23, 2000 (17:03) * 68 lines 
Those Were the Days: March 23
This is Monkey Day!
An evolution law, enacted this day in the great State of Tennessee in
the year 1925, made it a crime for a teacher in any state-supported
public school or college to teach any theory that contradicted the
Bible's account of man's creation. Tennessee's Governor Austin Peay
said, "The very integrity of the Bible in its statement of man's
divine creation is denied by any theory that man descended or has
ascended from any lower order of animals." Opponents planned to
challenge the law, denouncing it as a violation of the constitutional
principle of separation of church and state.

Within two months, a Dayton, Tennessee high school science teacher,
John T. Scopes was indicted, and later convicted, in the famous
'Monkey Trial' for teaching his students the theory of evolution;
that man descended from a lower order of animals ... or monkeys.
Scopes was fined $100. Defense Attorney Clarence Darrow stated that
this was "the first case of its kind since we stopped trying people
for witchcraft."

Remember this the next time you think about swinging from a tree ...
especially while eating a banana and singing, "Yaba daba daba."

** Events
1965 - Astronaut John Young became the first man to eat a corned beef
sandwich in outer space. When it comes to events of progress, we will
certainly add this to the record book, now won't we? ...along with
that golf club stunt of Alan Shepard's from the surface of the moon
years later. Young smuggled the sandwich on board in order to
supplement the astronauts' meals of dehydrated foods, including
powdered fruit juice (Tang).

1972 - New York Yankees baseball officials announced plans to keep
the Yankees in the nation's largest city. Plans were also revealed
concerning a major renovation of Yankee Stadium. While work was
underway at 'The House that Ruth Built', the Bronx Bombers shared
tenancy with the cross-town New York Mets in Flushing, New York at
Shea Stadium. New Yorkers also got one other bonus from the announced
plans: George Steinbrenner.

1985 - Singer Billy Joel married supermodel Christie Brinkley in
private ceremonies held in New York City.

1985 - "We Are the World", by USA for Africa, a group of 46 pop
stars, entered the music charts for the first time at number 21.

** Birthdays
1951 - Ron Jaworski (football: Philadelphia Eagles quarterback: Super Bowl XV)
1953 - Chaka Khan (Yvette Marie Stevens) (singer: Tell Me Something
Good [with Rufus], You Got the Love; solo: I Feel for You)
1954 - Moses Malone (basketball: Buffalo Braves, Houston Rockets
[single-game playoff record for most offensive rebounds [15: April
21, 1977 vs. Washington], Philadelphia 76ers, Washington Bullets,
Atlanta Hawks, Milwaukee Bucks, Washington Bullets, Atlanta Hawks,
San Antonio Spurs; NBA MVP: 1979, 1982, 1983; records: most
consecutive games without a disqualification [1,212], most free
throws made [8,531], most offensive rebounds [6,731])
1966 - Marti Pellow (Mark McLoughlin) (singer: group: Wet, Wet, Wet)
1990 Princess Eugenie (British royalty: daughter of Prince Andrew and
the Duchess of York)

** Chart Toppers - 1986
These Dreams - Heart
Secret Lovers - Atlantic Starr
Rock Me Amadeus - Falco
What's a Memory like You (Doing in a Love like This) - John Schneider

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 89 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Fri, Mar 24, 2000 (11:50) * 43 lines 
Time Capsule March 24, 2000

In 1934, the United States granted the Philippine Islands
independence, effective July 4th, 1946.

In 1965, white civil rights worker Viola Liuzzo of Detroit was
shot and killed on a road near Selma, Ala.

In 1975, the beaver became the official symbol of Canada.

In 1976, Argentine President Isabel Peron, widow of strongman
ruler Juan Peron, was arrested in a military coup.

In 1991, 12 people were killed and 29 wounded when South African
police fired on ANC supporters at a rally in a black township in
Daveytown after ordering the crowd to disperse.

In 1992, Jerry Brown pulled an upset win over Bill Clinton in
Connecticut, causing serious damage to the Arkansas governor's
quest for the Democratic presidential nomination.

In 1993, the suspected ringleader of the World Trade Center
bombing that killed six people and injured more than 1,000 was
arrested in Egypt and extradited to New York.

In 1995, in a vote nearly along party lines, the House approved
a bill that would overhaul welfare.

In 1996, McDonalds stopped selling British beef in its British

In 1998, four girls and a teacher at Westside Middle School
in Jonesboro, Ark., were killed by bullets fired from a nearby
woods. Police arrested two boys, ages 11 and 13, in connection
with the slayings.

In 1999, NATO launched attacks on targets in Yugoslavia after
the Serbs refused to sign a peace agreement worked out for the
future of the rebellious province of Kosovo. The air war lasted
almost three months, until Serb forces withdrew from Kosovo.

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 90 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Fri, Mar 24, 2000 (15:15) * 29 lines 
TODAY'S ALMANAC - Friday, March 24, 2000

*----------- A Thought for the Day ------------*

Samuel Butler wrote,
"A hen is only an egg's way of making another egg."


Today is Friday, March 24, the 84th day of 2000 with 282 to
follow. The moon is waning, moving toward its last quarter.
The morning stars are Mercury and Venus. The evening stars
are Mars, Jupiter and Saturn.

Born on this date under the sign of Aries:
They include financier Andrew Mellon in 1855
Magician and escape artist Harry Houdini in 1874
Silent film actor Fatty Arbuckle in 1887
Pioneer film animator Ub Iwerks, whose artistry helped Walt
Disney to realize his vision, in 1901
Republican presidential candidate Thomas Dewey in 1902
Poet Lawrence Ferlinghetti in 1919 (age 81)
Actors Norman Fell in 1925 and Steve McQueen in 1930
Roger Bannister, the first person to run the mile in less than four minutes, in 1929 (age 71)
Dress designer Bob Mackie in 1940 (age 60)
Actresses Donna Pescow in 1954 (age 46) and Laura Flynn Boyle in 1970 (age 30)

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 91 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Sat, Mar 25, 2000 (15:23) * 37 lines 
Today in History for March 25
LONDON (Reuters) - Here are some notable events from this date in history:
1409 - The Council of Pisa, formed to try to solve the schism in the Catholic
church between the two popes Gregory and Benedict, held its first meeting at
1807 - The slave trade in England was abolished.
1867 - Arturo Toscanini, Italian conductor and musical director, born. Famed
for his temper in rehearsals, he was director of La Scala and the Metropolitan
opera houses. He also conducted the NBC symphony orchestra.
1871 - Gutzon Borglum, U.S. sculptor famed for his presidential sculptures on
Mount Rushmore, born.
1881 - Bela Bartok, Hungarian composer and pianist, born. His knowledge of
western musical techniques allied to the inspiration he derived from Hungarian
peasant songs enabled him to become a unique musical force.
1900 - In the United States the first Socialist Party was formed when the
Socialist Labor Party merged with the Social-Democratic Party. Their first
convention was held in Indianapolis in 1904.
1911 - 146 mostly young Jewish and Italian immigrant women died when New
York's worst industrial fire swept through a factory owned by the Triangle
Shirtwaist Co.
1914 - Frederic Mistral, French poet and winner of the 1904 Nobel Prize for
Literature, died. He helped in the 19th century revival of Provencal language
and worked for some 20 years on a Provencal-French dictionary.
1918 - Claude Debussy, French composer, died. His music, described as
``musical Impressionism,'' explored original avenues of expression.
1942 - Singer Aretha Franklin, the ``Queen of Soul,'' born.
1947 - Elton John, English singer, songwriter and pianist, born.
1949 - Laurence Olivier's ``Hamlet'' won five Oscars and was the first British
film to win an Academy award.

1995 - Former heavyweight boxing champion Mike Tyson was freed from an
Indiana prison three years after his conviction for rape.
1996 - Abel Goodman, the world's first patient to receive a permanent electric
heart, died in Britain. He received the implant at the John Radcliffe Hospital in
Oxford in the first operation of its kind.
1999 - Forty people were killed in a fire which trapped at least 30 vehicles in
the tunnel under Mont Blanc, western Europe's highest mountain.

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 92 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Sun, Mar 26, 2000 (13:16) * 41 lines 
Today in History for March 26
LONDON (Reuters) - Here are some notable events from this date in history:
1726 - Sir John Vanbrugh, English playwright and architect of Blenheim
Palace, died.
1780 - The British Gazette and Sunday Monitor, the first Sunday newspaper
in Britain, was published.
1827 - Ludwig van Beethoven, German composer, died in Vienna. One of the
great composers in the history of Western music, he composed many of his
finest works after he had become totally deaf.
1828 - Austrian composer Franz Schubert gave his only public concert, in
1871 - The Paris Commune, an insurrection of Paris against the French
government, was formally set up.
1892 - Walt Whitman, U.S. poet and essayist, died. He became a
revolutionary figure in American literature after the publication of his ``Leaves
of Grass.''
1898 - The world's first game reserve, the Sabi Game reserve, was designated
in South Africa.
1911 - Tennessee Williams, American playwright and novelist, born. He won
two Pulitzer prizes for ``A Streetcar Named Desire'' and ``Cat on a Hot Tin
1923 - Sarah Bernhardt, French actress, died. The greatest ``tragedienne'' of
her day, she had her leg amputated in 1915 but continued her acting career.
1925 - Pierre Boulez, French conductor and composer, born. His later work,
notably ``Le Marteau sans maitre,'' gained him a worldwide reputation.
1944 - Motown star Diana Ross born.
1945 - The Japanese attempted to reinforce a garrison at Kiska in the
Aleutians but were intercepted by a U.S. naval force at the battle of
Komandorski Islands.
1959 - Raymond Chandler, U.S. crime writer, died. Creator of the private
detective character Philip Marlowe in his novels including, ``The Big Sleep''
and ``Farewell My Lovely.''
1973 - English playwright Noel Coward died; he produced several films based
on his own scripts, including ``In Which We Serve'' and ``Brief Encounter.''
1983 - Anthony Blunt, former surveyor of Queen Elisabeth's art collection,
died. He achieved notoriety as a Russian agent and the ``fourth man'' who
engineered the escape of the spies Burgess and Maclean.
1999 - Assisted-suicide advocate Dr. Jack Kevorkian was convicted in the
United States of second-degree murder for fatally injecting a terminally ill

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 93 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Mon, Mar 27, 2000 (13:52) * 38 lines 
Time Capsule for March 27, 2000

In 1958, Nikita Khrushchev replaced Nikolai Bulganin as premier
of the Soviet Union.

In 1964, a powerful earthquake in Alaska killed 117 people.

In 1990, Soviet soldiers dragged Lithuanian army deserters from
a hospital in Vilnius and took over the headquarters of
Lithuania's independent Communist Party in an effort to reassert
Moscow's control over the dissident Baltic republic.

In 1992, an appeals court in West Palm Beach, Fla., refused to
declare dead a baby girl born without a brain, despite her
parents' anguished plea to allow her vital organs to be donated
to help save other infants.

In 1995, "Forrest Gump" won six Academy Awards, including best
picture and best actor for Tom Hanks.

In 1996, an Israeli court convicted Yigal Amir of assassinating
Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin and sentenced him to life in prison.

In 1998, Russia got a new premier when President Boris Yeltsin
nominated Sergei Kiriyenko, 35, to replace fired Premier Viktor

+------------------ Birthday's ------------------+
Printmaker Nathaniel Currier, of Currier and Ives, in 1813
German physicist Wilhelm Roentgen, discoverer of X-rays, in 1845
Photographer Edward Steichen in 1879
Architect Mies van der Rohe in 1886
Actress Gloria Swanson in 1899
Jazz singer Sarah Vaughan in 1924
Actor Michael York in 1942 (age 58)
Filmmaker Quentin Tarantino in 1963 (age 37)
Singer Mariah Carey in 1970 (age 30)

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 94 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Tue, Mar 28, 2000 (14:16) * 59 lines 
Time Capsules - March 28, 2000

Go kiss your Maytag. It was on this date in 1797 that Nathaniel
Briggs was awarded a patent for the first washing machine.
Otherwise, we'd be down at the local stream, beating our undies
clean on rocks.

In 1939, Madrid surrendered to the nationalist forces of
Generalissimo Francisco Franco in the Spanish Civil War.

Mention the phrase "Three Mile Island" and nearly everyone
knows what you're talking about. It was early in the morning
on this date in 1979 that a series of failures in the cooling
system at the Three Mile Island nuclear power plant south of
Harrisburg, Penn., caused a near-meltdown. It was the worst
accident ever at an American civilian nuclear facility, and
led to the extensive re-evaluation of the safety of existing
nuclear power generating operations.

And it was on this date in 1982 that rocker David Crosby was
arrested in Texas on various drug and weapons possession charges.
When asked why he was carrying a concealed .45, Crosby replied:
"John Lennon."

In 1991, just days before the 10th anniversary of the attempt
on his life, former President Reagan endorsed a seven-day
waiting period for handgun purchases, reversing his earlier

In 1993, Russian President Boris Yeltsin survived an impeachment
vote by the Congress of People's Deputies.

Also in 1993, French voters rejected the ruling Socialists and
gave the conservative alliance a crushing majority in
legislative elections.

In 1994, pre-election clashes between Zulu nationalists, the
ANC and police claimed 53 lives in Johannesburg, South Africa.

In 1996, Congress approved the presidential line-item veto.

In 1997, an Italian warship collided with an Albanian ship
crowded with refugees, causing an undetermined number of deaths.

In 1999, Purdue University won its first women's basketball
championship, defeating Duke University, 62-45. Its coach was
the first black woman to coach the women's championship team.

+------------------ Birthday's ------------------+
Russian author Maxim Gorky in 1868
Brewers Frederick Pabst in 1836 and August Anheuser Busch 1899
Edmund Muskie, the 1968 Democratic vice-presidential candidate,in 1914
Child star Freddie Bartholomew in 1924
Zbigniew Brzezinski, Carter administration national security adviser, in 1928 (age 72)
Actors Dirk Bogarde in 1921, Conchata Ferrell in 1943 (age 57),
Ken Howard in 1944 (age 56) and Dianne Wiest in 1948 (age 52)
Country singer Reba McEntire in 1954 (age 46)

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 95 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Tue, Mar 28, 2000 (14:53) * 59 lines 
The Day in Music History - March 28, 2000

In 1958, W.C. Handy died at the age of 84.

In 1964, Britain's first "pirate" rock radio station, Radio
Caroline, began broadcasting from a barge anchored off shore
to circumvent British broadcast laws.

In 1969, Ringo Starr announced in London that there'd be no
further public appearances by the Beatles. John Lennon
disputed that, but it turned out Starr was right.

In 1974, Arthur "Big Boy" Cruddup -- who wrote "That's All
Right Mama" -- died at the age of 69.

In 1979, Eric Clapton married Patti Boyd, George Harrison's
ex-wife and the inspiration for Clapton's song "Layla."

In 1982, David Crosby was arrested on various drug and
weapons possession charges. When asked why he was carrying
a concealed .45, Crosby replied -- "John Lennon."

In 1984, drummer Mick Fleetwood filed for bankruptcy.

Also in 1984, Culture Club arrived in Montreal, Canada, for
the group's North American tour. The band was greeted at the
airport by about 2,500 screaming fans.

In 1985, a wax effigy of Michael Jackson was unveiled at
Madame Tussaud's in London.

In 1987, the Doobie Brothers moved a benefit concert from
Phoenix to Las Vegas to protest Arizona Gov. Evan Mecham's
decision to rescind the state holiday honoring the Rev.
Martin Luther King Jr.

In 1991, rock 'n' roll broadcast pioneer Dick Clark was
honored on the Hollywood Rock Walk.

In 1993, Willie Nelson performed a benefit concert in
Hillsboro, Texas, to raise money to restore the Hill County
Courthouse that'd been destroyed by fire. Nelson spent his
childhood in the area.

In 1994, more New York dates were added to Barbra Streisand's
upcoming tour. All of the shows sold out within minutes.

Also in 1994, police announced a total of 91 arrests at a
weekend series of Grateful Dead concerts on Long Island, N.Y.

Again in 1994, 25 unruly fans were arrested outside a Pearl
Jam concert in Miami.

In 1999, Freaky Tah -- a.k.a. Raymond Rogers -- of the
gangsta rap group The Lost Boyz was shot to death by masked
gunmen outside a New York City hotel. He was 28. Two men
later were arrested in connection with the murder.

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 96 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Tue, Mar 28, 2000 (19:04) * 39 lines 
The Day in Music History - MArch 29, 2000

In 1960, Tootsie's Orchid Lounge opened in Nashville.

In 1973, following its single "The Cover of the Rolling Stone,"
Dr. Hook and the Medicine Show actually made the cover of that
particular magazine.

In 1975, all six Led Zeppelin albums released up to this time
were on the U.S. album charts during the same week.

In 1980, the BeeGees were sued in Chicago by an amateur
songwriter who claimed they plagiarized one of his tunes for
their 1978 hit "How Deep Is Your Love?" The BeeGees won on

In 1985, Thompson Twin Tom Bailey was found collapsed on the
floor of his hotel room, suffering from exhaustion.

In 1987, Prince won eight "Razzies" for worst achievement in
movie making at the annual spoof of the Academy Awards.

In 1993, the U.S. Supreme Court agreed to hear 2 Live Crew's
appeal of a ruling that said the rap group broke federal
copyright laws when it did a parody of Roy Orbison's "Oh
Pretty Woman." The high court would reverse the decision.

Also in 1993, a judge in Fort Lauderdale, Fla., overturned
the October 1990 conviction of a record store owner charged
with obscenity for selling 2 Live Crew's "As Nasty As They
Wanna Be" album.

In 1996, Motley Crue drummer Tommy Lee and his wife,
"Baywatch" star Pamela Anderson Lee, sued Penthouse for
$10 million in a failed bid to force the magazine not to
market a stolen home video showing the couple "doing it."

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 97 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Wed, Mar 29, 2000 (11:25) * 56 lines 
March 29, 2000 Know Your History for March 29:

** Today is Doctor, Doctor Day!
From this day on, surgery would no longer painful -- at least, while
it was being performed. Dr. Crawford W. Long performed the first
operation while his patient was anesthetized by ether on this day in

Crawford had been observing several party-goers under the influence
of nitrous oxide and sulfuric ether. Those folks were feeling no
pain. And Crawford's patient literally felt no pain as the good
doctor removed a tumor from the man's neck using the party concoction.

This event has been celebrated as Doctors' Day since this day in
1933. Doctors throughout the United States celebrate in Dr. Crawford
W. Long's honor and, in honor of ether as an anesthetic.

** Events
1858 - Hyman L. Lipman of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania patented the
writing device we call the pencil. Yes, it did have an attached
eraser as well. Why, then, we wondered, wasn't it called the Lipman?
"Teacher, I'm sorry, but I seem to have forgotten my Lipman this
morning." Or -- "May I please go and sharpen my Lipman?" See? It
1867 - Alaska was purchased from Russia for two-cents an acre! Now
that's called getting your two-cents worth...
1948 - Soviet Premier Joseph Stalin ordered all road and rail access
to Berlin, Germany blocked. This was just the beginning of what would
become a complete blockade of the German city three months later ...
on June 24.
1981 - U.S. President Ronald Reagan was shot in the chest by a
would-be assassin as the President walked to his limousine in
Washington DC. Press Secretary James Brady and two police officers
were also wounded in the attack. John W. Hinkley, Jr. was convicted
of the crime.

** Birthdays
1746 - Francisco Jose de Goya y Lucientes (artist: The Caprices, The
Family of Charles IV, Majas, The 2nd of May, The 3rd of May)
1853 - Vincent van Gogh (post-impressionist artist: The Potato
Eaters, Sunflowers, The Night Cafe)
1945 - Eric Clapton (rock guitarist: group: Yardbirds: For Your Love;
song writer: Layla, score for The Hit; Grammy Award-winning singer:
Bad Love [1990], LPs: Tears from Heaven and Unplugged [1993], I Shot
the Sheriff, Lay Down Sally, Promises, I Can't Stand It, Wonderful
Tonight) 1950 - LaRue Martin (basketball: Loyola Univ., Portland Trail Blazers)
1957 - Paul Reiser (actor: Diner, Mad About You, Aliens, Beverly Hills Cop)
1964 - Tracy Chapman (folk singer-songwriter: Fast Car)

** Chart Toppers - 1945
One More Night - Phil Collins
Lovergirl - Teena Marie
We are the World - USA for Africa
Seven Spanish Angels - Ray Charles with Willie Nelson

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 98 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Wed, Mar 29, 2000 (12:16) * 55 lines 
Time Capsule for March 29, 2000

In 1812, the first wedding was performed in the White House.
Mrs. Lucy Payne Washington, sister-in-law of President James
Madison, married Supreme Court Justice Thomas Dodd.

William Calley was convicted on this date in 1971 for his part
in the murders of 22 Vietnamese civilians in what became known
as the "My Lai" massacre, the killings of unarmed villagers by
U.S soldiers in Vietnam. It was the most publicized atrocity of
the Vietnam War. Calley was sentenced to life in prison, although
he has since been released.

Also in 1971, cult leader Charles Manson and three followers
were sentenced to death in the Tate-Labianca slayings in Los

In 1991, six-time Italian Prime Minister Giulio Andreotti quit,
paving the way for the country's 50th government since World
War II.

In 1992, Democratic presidential candidate Bill Clinton
admitted he tried marijuana once or twice in England, but
didn't like it.

In 1993, "Unforgiven," Clint Eastwood's gritty western, won
the best picture and best director Oscars, but no single film
scored a sweep of the 65th annual Academy Awards.

In 1994, the Bosnian Serbs stepped up their bombardment of
Gorazde, 35 miles southeast of Sarajevo and one of the
U.N-designated "safe areas."

Also in 1994, Jimmy Johnson, coach of the Super Bowl champion
Dallas Cowboys, resigned, in part because of a disagreement over
who deserved credit for the Cowboys' success: Johnson or team
owner Jerry Jones.

In 1995, the House rejected legislation that would've limited
how long members of Congress could serve.

In 1996, the House Ethics Committee said Speaker Newt Gingrich
violated House rules by having close dealings with a wealthy GOP
giver who had business interests affected by congressional
legislation. It was the third time in two months the panel had
notified Gingrich that he'd broken the rules.

In 1997, Israeli troops killed a Palestinian in a confrontation
triggered by preparations to build another Jewish settlement in
Arab East Jerusalem.

In 1999, the Connecticut Huskies won their first NCAA men's
basketball championship, beating the Duke Blue Devils, 77-74.

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 99 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Thu, Mar 30, 2000 (12:13) * 71 lines 
March 30, 2000
In 1923, the Cunard liner "Laconia" arrived in New York City,
becoming the first passenger ship to circumnavigate the world,
a cruise of 130 days.

An attempt on the life of President Reagan took place on this
date in 1981. The president was shot and seriously wounded by
John Hinckley Jr. outside a Washington hotel. White House news
secretary James Brady, a Secret Service agent and a Washington
policeman also were wounded - Brady was left paralyzed and in
a wheelchair by the incident. Hinckley, who was arrested at the
scene, was later found NOT guilty by reason of insanity and
remains institutionalized in a Washington, D.C., hospital.

In 1990, Idaho Gov. Cecil Andrus vetoed a restrictive abortion
bill, ending the anti-abortion forces' goal of giving Supreme
Court a chance to overturn Roe vs. Wade.

In 1992, "The Silence of the Lambs" swept the 64th annual
Academy Awards, including best picture, best director, best
actor for Anthony Hopkins and best actress for Jodie Foster.

In 1993, a two-state custody battle over a 2-year-old girl
took a dramatic turn when the Michigan Court of Appeals
ordered the child who'd been living with her custodial parents
in Michigan since shortly after birth returned to her
biological parents in Iowa.

Also in 1993, after 43 years, the unthinkable happened on the
comic pages -- Charlie Brown was a hero when he hit a homerun
and his baseball team won for the first time.

In 1995, the compromise "don't ask, don't tell, don't pursue"
policy allowing homosexuals to serve in the military under
certain conditions was struck down by a federal judge in New
York as unconstitutional.

In 1997, House Speaker Newt Gingrich said he warned Chinese
leaders that the United States would intervene militarily if
China attacked Taiwan.

In 1998, Armenian Premier Robert Kocharian was elected
president in a run-off election in the former Soviet republic.

Also in 1998, the University of Kentucky Wildcats won the NCAA
basketball title for the second time in three years and the
seventh time overall.

In 1999, a jury in Multnomah Co., Ore., awarded $81 million
dollars in damages to the family of a smoker who had died from
lung cancer. The plaintiff in the case, tobacco manufacturer
Philip Morris, promised to appeal. A state judge later reduced
the punitive portion of the judgment to $32 million.

+------------------ Birthday's ------------------+
Spanish painter Francisco Jose de Goya in 1746
English author Anna Sewell ("Black Beauty") in 1820
English social reformer Charles Booth in 1840
Dutch painter Vincent van Gogh in 1853
Irish dramatist Sean O'Casey in 1880
Former CIA Director Richard Helms and singer Frankie Laine,
both in 1913 (age 87)
TV host Peter Marshall in 1927 (age 73)
Actors Richard Dysart in 1929 (age 71), John Astin in 1930
(age 70) and Warren Beatty in 1937 (age 63)
British blues/rock guitarist Eric Clapton in 1945 (age 55)
Actor Paul Reiser in 1957 (age 43)
Canadian pop singer Celine Dion in 1968 (age 32)

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 100 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Thu, Mar 30, 2000 (12:20) * 40 lines 
Music History March 30, 2000

In 1963, the Chiffons topped the Billboard Hot-100 singles
chart with "He's So Fine."

In 1966, 85 unruly fans were arrested after a Rolling Stones
concert in Paris.

In 1967, the Beatles photographed what became the unusual
front cover of the "Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band"

In 1976, punk music was launched in London when the Sex
Pistols performed at the 100 Club.

In 1978, Paul Simenon and Nicky Headon of The Clash were
arrested for shooting pigeons.

In 1984, Greg Lake left Asia -- to be replaced by John Wetton,
whom Lake had earlier replaced.

In 1987, Herbie Hancock won the best original score Oscar for
"Round Midnight." "Take My Breath Away" from "Top Gun" won
for best original song.

Also in 1987, Duane Allen of the Oak Ridge Boys said William
Lee Golden had been kicked out of the group because he "hated"
the other members. Golden would later return to the fold.

In 1987, Blue Note musicians -- including Dexter Gordon, Bobby
McFerrin, McCoy Tyner and Freddie Hubbard -- wrote an open
letter against home taping. The letter was included in the
label's new releases.

In 1994, Madonna made a foulmouthed appearance on David
Letterman's "Late Show" --causing CBS censors to bleep her
numerous times.

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 101 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Fri, Mar 31, 2000 (12:34) * 47 lines 
Know Your History for March 31:

** Today is Eiffel Tower Day!
To the City of Lights we go, down the beautiful streets of Paris,
under the Arc de Triumphe and there, before us, the site of one of
the world's most photographed and well-known landmarks, the Eiffel
It was on this day in 1889 that the structure opened in Gay Paree. A
beautiful sight, no? Well, not so to writers, Guy deMaupassant and
Alexandre Dumas who condemned the Eiffel Tower as a "horrid
nightmare." Well, no pleasing some people, we guess...
The Eiffel Tower was named after its designer, architect, Alexandre
Gustave Eiffel who built the structure for the Paris Exhibition of

** Events
1880 - The first electric street lights ever installed by a
municipality were turned on in beautiful Wabash, IN.
1918 - Daylight saving time went into effect throughout the United
States for the first time. Folks would spring ahead an hour allowing
for longer early evenings. The time change left enough light for many
activities, especially in farming areas. Planting and such could best
be done with the sun up an extra hour. And, of course, folks would
fall back an hour to standard time in the fall.
1945 - Tennessee Williams' play, "The Glass Menagerie", arrived on
Broadway in New York City to become what critics and the public
called the best play of the year.
1973 - Ken Norton defeated Muhammad Ali in a 12-round split decision.
Ali had his jaw broken during the fight.

** Birthdays
1596 - Rene Descartes ('father of modern philosophy': "I think,
therefore I am.")
1927 - Cesar Chavez (labor leader: began the National Farm Workers
Association, organizing migrant farm workers)
1948 - Al Gore (45th U.S. Vice President under Bill Clinton)
1948 - Rhea Perlman (Emmy Award-winning actress: Cheers [1983-84,
1984-85, 1985-86, 1988-89]; Pearl, Carwash, Ratings Game, Class Act,
Ted & Venus, Intimate Strangers)

** Chart Toppers - 1986
Rock Me Amadeus - Falco
R.O.C.K. in the U.S.A. - John Cougar Mellencamp
Kiss - Prince & The Revolution
Don't Underestimate My Love for You - Lee Greenwood

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 102 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Fri, Mar 31, 2000 (12:41) * 78 lines 
Time Capsule - March 31, 2000

The Eiffel Tower was inaugurated in Paris on this date in 1889
for the Universal Exhibition of Arts and Manufacturers.

It was on this date in 1968 that President Lyndon B. Johnson
announced that he would not seek re-election. At the same time,
he ordered the suspension of American bombing of North Vietnam.

In 1971, Lt. William Calley was sentenced to life imprisonment
for his part in the deaths of 22 Vietnamese civilians in what
is called the "My Lai" massacre.

In 1987, the State Department ordered home all 28 remaining
U.S. Marine guards at the Moscow embassy after two Marines
were charged with espionage.

In 1991, the Warsaw Pact formally ended as Soviet commanders
surrendered their powers in an agreement between pact members
and the Soviet Union.

In 1992, the U.N. Security Council voted to impose air traffic
and weapons sanctions against Libya for not surrendering six
men wanted by the U.S., Britain, France in the bombings of an
American jetliner and a French plane.

In 1994, a state of emergency was declared in the South African
Zulu homeland of KwaZulu following deadly fighting in the weeks
before the country's first universal-sufferage elections.
Also in 1994, the PLO resumed talks with Israel on the
implementation of Palestinian self-rule in the occupied

In 1995, a federal judge ordered major league baseball owners
to reinstate the contract that was in effect before the players'
strike began.
And it was on this date in 1995 that Tejano star Selena
Quintanilla was shot to death in a hotel in Corpus Christi,
Texas. She was 23 and was just about to release her first
English-language album after much success in the Spanish
language music business. The former president of her fan club
was later convicted of her murder and sentenced to life in

In 1998, the U.N. Security Council voted to impose an arms
embargo on Yugoslavia after unrest in the Serbian province of
Kosovo turned violent.
As the NATO bombing of Yugoslavia continued, three U.S. soldiers,
members of the peacekeeping forces in Macedonia, in the process
of withdrawing, were captured by Serb troops near the Yugoslav-
Macedonia border on this date in 1999. The next day, Serbian
Radio announced a military court would try the three. It didn't
and the soldiers were released a month later when the Rev.
Jesse Jackson intervened.

+------------------ Birthday's ------------------+
French philosopher Rene Descartes in 1596
Austrian composer Franz Joseph Haydn in 1732
German chemist Robert Bunsen, inventor of the Bunsen gas
burner, in 1811
Boxer Jack Johnson, the first black to hold the heavyweight
title, in 1878
Comedian Henry Morgan in 1915
Actor/singer Richard Kiley in 1922
Author and motivational speaker Leo Buscaglia in 1925
United Farm Workers President Cesar Chavez in 1927
Actor William Daniels, also in 1927 (age 73)
Canadian hockey player Gordie Howe in 1928 (age 72)
Fashion designer Liz Claiborne in 1929 (age 71)
Author John Jakes in 1932 (age 68)
Actress Shirley Jones in 1934 (age 66)
Bandleader Herb Alpert in 1935 (age 65)
Actors Richard Chamberlain in 1935 (age 65), Christopher
Walken in 1943 (age 57), Gabe Kaplan in 1946 (age 54),
and Rhea Perlman in 1948 (age 52)

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 103 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Fri, Mar 31, 2000 (16:19) * 34 lines 
Today in History for March 31
LONDON (Reuters) - Here are some notable events from this date in history:
1492 - Jews in Spain were given three months to accept Christianity or leave.
1596 - French philosopher and mathematician Rene Descartes born.
1631 - John Donne, English poet, died; he was also a prominent churchman
and preacher.
1732 - Franz Joseph Haydn, Austrian composer of 104 symphonies and
numerous chamber and vocal works, born.
1837 - English landscape painter John Constable died. His works include the
``Valley Farm,'' ``Cornfield'' and ``Haywain.''
1855 - Charlotte Bronte, British author of ``Jane Eyre'' and the oldest of three
literary sisters, died in pregnancy.
1870 - In the United States, Thomas Peterson-Mundy became the first black
to vote under the Fifteenth Amendment (passed by Congress in February
1870), which required all Southern states to allow blacks to vote.
1889 - The Eiffel Tower in Paris was inaugurated.
1917 - The U.S. purchase of the Danish West Indies for $25 million, agreed
upon the previous August, took effect. They were renamed the Virgin Islands.
1918 - Daylight saving time went into effect throughout the United States for
the first time.
1943 - The Rodgers and Hammerstein musical ``Oklahoma!'' premiered in
New York City.
1967 - Jimi Hendrix burns his guitar for the first time in a public performance
at Finsbury Park in London.
1971 - U.S. Lt. William Calley was sentenced to life imprisonment (later
reduced to 20 years) for the killings of Vietnamese civilians at My Lai in
March 1968.
1980 - Former U.S. athlete Jessie Owens died. He won four gold medals at
the 1936 Berlin Olympics but Hitler refused to shake his hand because he
was black.
1991 - The Warsaw Pact, which held Eastern Europe under tight Kremlin
control for 36 years, formally ceased its existence as a military force when
Soviet commanders surrendered their powers.

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 104 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Sat, Apr  1, 2000 (15:26) * 40 lines 
Today in History for April 1
LONDON (Reuters) - Here are some notable events from this date in history:
1621 - The first colonial treaty with native Americans was signed between
Massasoit, chief of the Wampanoags and English pilgrims on behalf of King
James I at Strawberry Hill, Massachusetts.
1697 - Abbe Prevost, French writer and journalist, born; best known for his
``Manon Lescaut'' which was turned into operas by Jules Massenet and
Giacomo Puccini.
1789 - The U.S. House of Representatives was able to transact business, a
quorum of its members being present for the first time.
1873 - Sergei Rakhmaninov, Russian composer and virtuoso pianist, born.
Best known for his preludes and his music for piano and orchestra including
``Rhapsody on a Theme of Paganini.'' He recorded many of his own works as
1875 - The Times of London became the first newspaper to print a daily
weather chart.
1883 - Lon Chaney, U.S. dramatic actor and film star, born; known as the
``Man of a Thousand Faces'' for his effective makeup while playing characters
in the films of ``The Hunchback of Notre Dame'' and ``Phantom of the Opera.''
1885 - Wallace Beery, U.S. film star and character actor, born. Famed for his
roles in ``Grand Hotel'' and ``Dinner at Eight,'' he won an Oscar for his
portrayal of a boxer in the film ``The Champ.''
1917 - Scott Joplin, U.S. jazz musician famous for his ragtime pieces notably
``The Entertainer,'' died.
1932 - Actress Debbie Reynolds born.
1946 - Ronnie Lane, a member of British rock groups the Small Faces and
the Faces, born in London. He died in 1997 after a long battle with multiple
1948 - The blockade of Berlin started when the Russians began checking all
road and rail traffic between Berlin and the Western Zones.
1960 - Tiros I, the world's first meteorological satellite which transmitted cloud
cover pictures, was launched from the United States.
1976 - Max Ernst, German painter and sculptor and founder of the Dada
group, died. He had also been involved in the Surrealist movement and
invented the frottage technique (pencil rubbings on canvas).
1984 - U.S. soul singer Marvin Gaye was shot dead by his father during a
violent argument.
1999 - U.S. rock 'n' roll pioneer songwriter Jesse Stone, composer of the
classic ``Shake, Rattle & Roll'' died aged 97.

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 105 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Sat, Apr  1, 2000 (15:32) * 32 lines 
Celebrate! Holidays In The U.S.A. April Fool's Day (April 1)
In sixteenth-century France, the start of the new year was observed on April first. It
was celebrated in much the same way as it is today with parties and dancing into
the late hours of the night. Then in 1562, Pope Gregory introduced a new calendar
for the Christian world, and the new year fell on January first. There were some
people, however, who hadn't heard or didn't believe the change in the date, so
they continued to celebrate New Year's Day on April first. Others played tricks on
them and called them "April fools." They sent them on a "fool's errand" or tried to
make them believe that something false was true. In France today, April first is
called "Poisson d'Avril." French children fool their friends by taping a paper fish to
their friends' backs. When the "young fool" discovers this trick, the prankster yells
"Poisson d’Avril!" (April Fish!)
Today Americans play small tricks on friends and strangers alike on the first of
April. One common trick on April Fool's Day, or All Fool's Day, is pointing down to
a friend's shoe and saying, "Your shoelace is untied." Teachers in the nineteenth
century used to say to pupils, "Look! A flock of geese!" and point up. School
children might tell a classmate that school has been canceled. Whatever the trick,
if the innocent victim falls for the joke the prankster yells, "April Fool! "
The "fools' errands" we play on people are practical jokes. Putting salt in the sugar
bowl for the next person is not a nice trick to play on a stranger. College students
set their clocks an hour behind, so their roommates show up to the wrong class -
or not at all. Some practical jokes are kept up the whole day before the victim
realizes what day it is. Most April Fool jokes are in good fun and not meant to
harm anyone. The most clever April Fool joke is the one where everyone laughs,
especially the person upon whom the joke is played.

"The first of April is the day we remember what we are the other 364 days of the year. "
-- American humorist Mark Twain

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 106 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Sat, Apr  1, 2000 (16:48) * 4 lines 
My sister MaryAnn's Birthday

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 107 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Sun, Apr  2, 2000 (17:14) * 40 lines 
Today in History for April 2
LONDON (Reuters) - Here are some notable events from this date in history:
742 - Charlemagne, king of the Franks, born. King from 768, with his brother,
he conquered most of Europe and was crowned Emperor in 800. His court
became one of the most brilliant.
1792 - The Coinage Act passed by the U.S. Congress and signed by
President George Washington established a mint and regulated the infant
nation's coins.
1805 - Hans Christian Andersen, Danish author, born. His children's stories
included ``The Emperor's New Clothes'' and ``The Ugly Duckling.''
1840 - Emile Zola, French writer, born. Founder of the Naturalist movement in
literature, used notably in his novels ``Therese Raquin'' and ``Germinal.'' He
was also author of the paper ``J'Accuse'' in defense of Alfred Dreyfus.
1860 - The first Italian Parliament met at Turin.
1872 - Samuel F. B. Morse, U.S. painter and inventor, died. He invented the
electric telegraph and developed the Morse Code in 1938.
1914 - Alec Guinness, British actor of stage and screen, born. Best known for
his roles in ``Kind Hearts and Coronets'' and ``Bridge over River Kwai,'' for
which he won an Oscar, and ``The Ladykillers.''
1926 - Sir Jack Brabham, Australian racing driver, born. He won the world
drivers' championship three times in a Grand Prix career which lasted from
1955 to 1970.
1939 - American soul singer Marvin Gaye, whose Motown hits included ``I
Heard it Through the Grapevine'' and ``Sexual Healing,'' born in Washington
D.C. He was shot dead by his father in 1984.
1966 - Cecil Scott Forester, author of the Captain Hornblower novels, died. He
also wrote ``The African Queen,'' which was made into a successful film.
1977 - Charlotte Brew became the first woman to ride in the Grand National
steeplechase when she rode her own horse, Barony Fort. The race was won
by Red Rum, winning for a record third time.
1982 - Argentina invaded the Falkland Islands and overthrew the British
administration. The protectorate had been held by Britain since 1832.
1991 - Price rises of up to 200 percent for basic goods and public transport
went into effect throughout the Soviet Union, leading to complaints from
1992 - Mafia boss John Gotti, nicknamed ``Teflon Don'' after earlier attempts
to try him, was convicted of murder and racketeering.
1996 - Lech Walesa, the former Solidarity union leader who became Poland's
first post-war democratic president, resumed his old job as a $250-a-month
electrician at the Gdansk shipyard.

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 108 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Mon, Apr  3, 2000 (12:15) * 68 lines 
April 3, 2000
The Pony Express postal service began on this date in 1860
when the first riders left St. Joseph, Mo., heading west,
and Sacramento, Calif., heading east. For $5 an ounce, letters
were delivered within 10 days. The Pony Express lasted less
than two years, becoming obsolete when the overland telegraph
was completed in Oct. 1861.

And it was on this date in 1959 that the BBC banned the
Coasters' single "Charlie Brown" because of the word
"spitball." These days on some rock radio stations, it's not
all that uncommon to hear the so-called "f" word in songs
played at night.

In 1962, the federal government ordered New Orleans to
integrate the first six grades of its public schools.

In 1975, President Ford said the rest of the world should not
regard losses in South Vietnam as a sign that American
commitments would not be fulfilled elsewhere.

In 1982, Argentina captured the Falkland Islands dependency of
South Georgia. The U.N. Security Council demanded Argentina
withdraw from the British-ruled islands.

In 1991, the U-N Security Council passed the cease-fire
resolution to end the Persian Gulf War.

In 1993, President Clinton and Russian President Boris Yeltsin
held their first summit in Vancouver, B.C. In 1995, the owners
and players of major-league baseball approved an agreement,
ending the longest strike in sports history.

In 1996, a plane crash in Croatia killed 35 people, including
U.S. Commerce Secretary Ron Brown and other officials and
business leaders.
The man suspected of being the Unabomber was nabbed on this
date in 1996. FBI agents raided a remote Montana cabin and
arrested former college professor Theodore Kaczynski, accusing
him of being the person whose mail bombs had killed three
people and injured 23 more since the 1970s. It was Kaczynski's
brother who had provided the lead that led to his capture.

In 1997, Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu said
construction of a Jewish settlement in Arab East Jerusalem
would continue, despite a series of fatal confrontations
between Israeli troops and Palestinians.

+------------------ Birthday's ------------------+
Historian and story writer Washington Irving in 1783
Author and naturalist John Burroughs in 1837
Publisher Henry Luce in 1898
Actress and inventor of the "fan dance" Sally Rand in 1904
Actress Doris Day and actor Marlon Brando, both in 1924
(age 76)
Astronaut Virgil "Gus" Grissom in 1926
Anthropologist Jane Goodall in 1934 (age 66)
Actress Marsha Mason and entertainer Wayne Newton, both in
1942 (age 58)
Singer Tony Orlando in 1944 (age 56)
Actors Alec Baldwin in 1958 (age 42) and David Hyde Pierce
in 1959 (age 41)
Actor/comedian Eddie Murphy in 1961 (age 39)
Actress Jennie Garth ("Beverly Hills 90210") and Olympic skier
Picabo Street, both in 1971 (age 29)

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 109 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Mon, Apr  3, 2000 (13:20) * 38 lines 
Today in History for April 3
LONDON (Reuters) - Here are some notable events from this date in history:
1682 - Bartolome Esteban Murillo, Spanish painter, died. He was best known
for his populist religious works, notably ``The Two Trinities.''
1783 - Washington Irving, U.S. historian and essayist, born. Known as the
``first American man of letters,'' he also wrote many tales and stories
including ``Rip Van Winkle'' and the ``Legend of Sleepy Hollow.''
1860 - The first Pony Express riders with the U.S. mail departed St. Joseph,
Missouri, and Sacramento, California, simultaneously. The west-bound mail
arrived a day and a half before the east-bound mail.
1882 - After more than 15 years of robbing banks, outlaw Jesse James was
shot in the back at St. Joseph, Missouri, by Robert Ford, one of his own
1897 - Johannes Brahms, German composer and pianist, died. He wrote four
symphonies as well as concerti for piano and violin and highly-esteemed
chamber works.
1924 - Marlon Brando, U.S. film actor, born; known for his method style of
acting, his films included ``On the Waterfront'' and ``The Godfather,'' for which
he won Oscars.
1924 - Doris Day, U.S film actress and singer born as Doris von Kappelhoff.
Best known for her roles in ``Calamity Jane,'' ``Young at Heart'' and ``The
Pajama Game.''
1930 - Ras Tafari was proclaimed Emperor Haile Selassie of Ethiopia.
1943 - Conrad Veidt, German born actor of stage and screen, died. Best
known for his roles in the films ``The Cabinet of Dr Caligari'' and
1948 - U.S. President Truman signed the Marshall plan into effect, allocating
$6 billion in overseas economic aid.
1950 - Kurt Weil, German composer, died; best known for his ``Threepenny
Opera'' and for his collaboration with actress and singer Lotte Lenya whom he
married in 1926.
1975 - Russia's Anatoly Karpov was proclained world chess champion after
U.S. holder Bobby Fischer refused to defend his title.
1986 - Peter Pears, British operatic tenor, died. He was a collaborator with
composer Benjamin Britten and first interpreter of many of Britten's works,
notably ``Peter Grimes.''
1991 - British novelist Graham Greene died aged 86 in Switzerland.
1999 - Lionel Bart, British composer of the musical ``Oliver!,'' died aged 68.

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 110 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Mon, Apr  3, 2000 (13:39) * 50 lines 
Musical History for April 3, 2000

In 1948, the "Louisiana Hayride" country music variety show
on KWKH Radio in Shreveport, La., aired for the first time.

In 1956, Elvis Presley made his first appearance on TV's
popular "Milton Berle Show" -- singing "Heartbreak Hotel,"
"Blue Suede Shoes" and "Money, Honey" live from the flight
deck of the aircraft carrier USS Hancock.

In 1959, the Coasters' single "Charlie Brown" was banned by
the BBC because of the word "spitball."

In 1969, Jim Morrison surrendered to authorities in Los
Angeles to answer to the indecent exposure charges filed
against him following a Doors concert in Miami a month

In 1975, Emmylou Harris played her first concert with The
Hot Band in San Francisco.

In 1984, a record producer won a $3 million-plus settlement
in a court battle with Yoko Ono over royalties relating to
"Double Fantasy," the album Ono and John Lennon had just
completed when he was murdered.

In 1987, President Reagan presented Minnie Pearl with the
American Cancer Society's annual Courage Award for her
personal fight against cancer.

In 1992, Dolly Parton's new movie "Straight Talk" premiered

In 1993, Guns N' Roses cut short a sold-out concert in
suburban Sacramento, Calif., after a fan threw a bottle that
hit one band member in the head.

In 1995, shock-jock Howard Stern triggered an uproar when he
ridiculed the mourners of slain Tejano star Selena on his
nationally syndicated radio show and aired her music with
gunshots dubbed in.

In 1996, rapper Hammer filed for bankruptcy, saying he was
$10 million in debt.

In 1998, Michael Jackson's wife, Debbie Rowe, gave birth to
the couple's second child, a girl, in Beverly Hills, Calif.
Their first child, a boy, had been born in February 1997.

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 111 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Mon, Apr  3, 2000 (18:52) * 45 lines 
Know Your History for April 03:
** This is Pony Express Day!
Pony Express mail service began this day in St. Joseph, Missouri. The
year was 1860 and the first Pony Express rider was heading for
California. The next day, another rider left Sacramento, California
heading east for Missouri.
Each rider had a 75 to 100 mile run before a switch was made with
another rider. The switch was made at one of 190 way stations along
the route; each way station being about ten to fifteen miles apart.
The Pony Express riders delivered the mail within ten days (similar
to our current snail-mail) for postage paid of $5 per ounce.
This style of mail service became antiquated within a short two
years, being put out to pasture by the advent of the overland
* is giving away over $100,000 a month! click here to WIN!

** Events
1776 - Harvard College conferred the first honorary Doctor of Laws
degree to George Washington.
1933 - First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt informed newspaper reporters that
beer would be served at the White House. This followed the March 22
legislation legalizing '3.2' beer.
1979 - Jane Byrne became the first female mayor in Chicago's history.

** Birthdays
1783 - Washington Irving (author: Rip Van Winkle, The Legend of
Sleepy Hollow, A History of the Life and Voyages of Christopher
Columbus, Life of Washington; passed away Nov 28, 1859)
1934 - Jane Goodall (anthropologist: studied chimpanzees; author: In
the Shadow of Man)
1958 - Alec Baldwin (actor: The Hunt for Red October, Beetlejuice,
The Getaway, Married to the Mob, Talk Radio, Working Girl, Miami
Blues, Knots Landing)
1961 - Eddie Murphy (comedian: Saturday Night Live; actor: 48 Hrs.,
Beverly Hills Cop, Trading Places, Coming to America)
1972 - Jennie Garth (actress: Beverly Hills 90210)

** Chart Toppers
Eternal Flame - Bangles
Girl You Know It's True - Milli Vanilli
The Look - Roxette
Baby's Gotten Good at Goodbye - George Strait

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 112 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Tue, Apr  4, 2000 (12:36) * 54 lines 
Know Your History for April 04:
** This is Giamatti Day!
What do baseball, literature and Yale University have in common? If
you said Angelo Bartlett Giamatti, you would be absolutely correct!
Angelo Giamatti was born on this day in 1938 in the Boston area,
growing up in South Hadley, Massachusetts. Better known as A.
Bartlett Giamatti, he was educated at Yale and became a professor of
literature at the highly respected university. In 1978 Giamatti
became Yale's youngest president.
Having gone as far as he could go at Yale, the professor, who had
always been a Boston Red Sox fan, decided to take baseball more
seriously. It was 1986 and Bart, as he was then known, was made
president of major-league baseball's National League. Three years
later, Bart Giamatti became Commissioner of Baseball. As
Commissioner, he hoped to keep baseball an outdoor game that was
played on real grass, "Americans have become accustomed to
associating summer's renewal of the earth and fall's harvest with
baseball. You can't conceive of baseball being played in the winter.
It is fitted to the season in an extraordinary way."
Bart Giamatti's last role as Commissioner was played out just eight
days before his death on September 1, 1989. He gave Pete Rose a life
sentence: no more baseball (because Rose had bet on the game).

** Events
1932 - Professor C.G. King of the University of Pittsburgh isolated
vitamin C after five years of research. Take some vitamin C today and
feel better fast! Suck a lemon!
1939 - Glenn Miller recorded his theme song, "Moonlight Serenade",
for Bluebird Records. Previously, the Miller theme had been "Gone
with the Dawn" and, before then, "Now I Lay Me Down to Sleep".
1967 - Johnny Carson quit "The Tonight Show". He returned three weeks
later with an additional $30,000 a week! Hi yo!
1984 - Bob Bell retired as Bozo the Clown on WGN-TV in Chicago, IL.
Bell was an institution in the Windy City since making his first
appearance in 1960. Pinto Colvig was the original Bozo.

** Birthdays
1895 - Arthur Murray (Moses Teichman) (dancer: Arthur Murray Dance
Studios; passed away Mar 3, 1991)
1928 - Maya Angelou (author: All God's Children Need Travelling Shoes)
1942 - Kitty Kelley (author: Nancy Reagan, Jackie O)
1946 - Craig T. Nelson (Emmy Award-winning actor: Coach [1991-92];
Probable Cause, Turner and Hooch, Troop Beverly Hills, Silkwood, All
the Right Moves, Stir Crazy, Chicago Story, Call to Glory, Private
Benjamin, Poltergeist, The Killing Fields)

** Chart Toppers - 1990
Black Velvet - Alannah Myles
Love Will Lead You Back - Taylor Dayne
I Wish It Would Rain Down - Phil Collins
Hard Rock Bottom of Your Heart - Randy Travis

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 113 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Tue, Apr  4, 2000 (12:46) * 54 lines 
Time Capsule April 4, 2000

The Yukon gold rush began on this date in 1896 with the
announcement of a strike in the Northwest Territory of Canada.

The North Atlantic Treaty Organization was created on this date
in 1949 when representatives of 11 nations gathered in Washington,
D.C., to sign the North Atlantic Treaty, creating the alliance.

The civil rights leader the Rev. Martin Luther King Jr. was
assassinated on this date in 1968 in Memphis. He was 39. Much
controversy remains to this day about whether he was killed by
a lone gunman -- James Earl Ray confessed to shooting King and
then later recanted -- or a conspiracy. At the time of his
death in 1998, Ray was serving a 99-year sentence for King's
murder, although he'd met in prison with members of the King
family, who later said they believed his claims of innocence.

In 1983, the space shuttle Challenger lifted off on its
inaugural mission.

In 1991, Sen. John Heinz, R-Pa., and four others were killed
when their chartered airplane collided with a helicopter over
a schoolyard near Philadelphia.

In 1992, small-town billionaire Sam Moore Walton, whose Wal-Mart
retail store chain helped make him one of the world's richest
men, died.

In 1993, President Clinton and Russian President Boris Yeltsin
ended their two-day summit in Vancouver, B.C., Canada, with a
larger than expected U.S. aid pledge of $1.62 billion.
Also in 1993, ceremonies were held in Atlanta, Martin Luther
King Jr.'s birthplace, and in Memphis, the city where he died,
to mark the 25th anniversary of the civil rights leader's

In 1995, a Colorado man was convicted of trying to assassinate
President Clinton in Oct. 1994.

In 1999, several NATO countries announced they would take in
refugees being forced out of Kosovo by Serbian forces.

+------------------ Birthday's ------------------+
Social reformer Dorothea Dix in 1802
Inventor Linus Yale, developer of the cylinder lock, in 1821
Baseball Hall-of-Famer Tristram Speaker in 1888
Author/playwright Robert E. Sherwood in 1896
Broadcast news commentator John Cameron Swayze in 1906
Blues musician Muddy Waters, born McKinley Morganfield, in 1915
Actor Anthony Perkins in 1932
Baseball commissioner Bart Giamatti in 1938
South African musician Hugh Masekela in 1939 (age 61)

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 114 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Tue, Apr  4, 2000 (13:38) * 49 lines 
Musical History - April 4, 2000

In 1940, Ernest Tubb made his first record for Decca.

In 1964, in an event unique in pop music history, the Beatles
had 12 songs on the Billboard Hot-100 singles chart and held
the top-five positions with "Can't Buy Me Love," "Twist and
Shout," "She Loves You," "I Want To Hold Your Hand" and
"Please Please Me."

In 1968, Jimi Hendrix, B.B. King and Buddy Guy played an
all-night blues show in New York in honor of Martin Luther
King Jr., who had been assassinated that day in Memphis.

In 1987, Starship scored its third number-one single in 18
months with "Nothing's Gonna Stop Us Now," from the film

Also in 1987, U2 entered the Billboard Top-200 album chart
with "The Joshua Tree" at number seven.

In 1993, a British newspaper (The Sunday Times) listed
ex-Beatles Paul McCartney and George Harrison, Rolling Stones
Mick Jagger and Keith Richards, and former Stone Bill Wyman
among Britain's richest people.

In 1994, a Los Angeles judge refused to dismiss murder
charges against rapper Snoop Doggy Dogg in what police said
was a gang-related shooting in August 1993. The rap star
would later be acquitted by a jury.

Also in 1994, police in Orlando, Fla., tear-gassed unruly
Grateful Dead fans when they tried to get into a sold-out

In 1995, Duran Duran's "Thank You" album of mostly covers
was released.

In 1996, Jerry Garcia's widow and Grateful Dead bandmate Bob
Weir scattered "a portion" of Garcia's ashes over the Ganges
River in India. Garcia's ex-wife and their four daughters
would later complain that they'd planned to scatter Garcia's
ashes over the Pacific like he'd asked.

In 1999, the London Sunday Mirror reported that, in her will,
Dusty Springfield had left her cat to a friend and arranged
to have the cat's favorite food flown in from the United

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 115 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Wed, Apr  5, 2000 (13:17) * 68 lines 
Know Your History for April 05: >
** Today is Superstar Day!
Some of the world's best-known superstars were born on this day,
starting in 1900 with Spencer Tracy. A year later Melvyn Douglas made
the scene, followed in seven years by Bette Davis. Then eight years
later Gregory Peck was born. For those of you who lost track, that
would be 1916.
By 1979 they had collected a total of seven Oscars between them.
Bette Davis copped the Best Actress Award in 1935 for her performance
in "Dangerous" and then again in 1938 for "Jezebel". It was the same
year that Spencer Tracy took home the Best Actor trophy for his role
as Father Flanagan in "Boys Town". The year before, Tracy won the
coveted statue for "Captains Courageous". In 1962 the honors went to
Gregory Peck for his performance in "To Kill a Mockingbird". Melvyn
Douglas picked up his two Oscars as Best Supporting Actor in "Hud" in
1963 and "Being There" in 1979.
Other movies associated with these timeless superstars include
"Father of the Bride" and "Inherit the Wind" for Spencer Tracy, "As
You Desire Me" for Melvyn Douglas, "Gentleman's Agreement" and "Roman
Holiday" for Gregory Peck and "All About Eve" and "Whatever Happened
To Baby Jane?" for Bette Davis. Go rent a few of these classic films
and see what movies were really about ... when "Those Were the Days".

** Events
1923 - Firestone Tire and Rubber Company of Akron, OH began the first
regular production of balloon tires.
1933 - The first operation to remove a lung was performed -- at
Barnes Hospital in St. Louis, MO.
1966 - Timothy Leary spoke at New York's Town Hall and compared LSD
to a microscope saying that the drug "is to psychology what the
microscope is to biology," making not just a few to wonder, "What's
he smokin'?"
1985 - Broadcasters banded together to play the single, "We Are the
World", at 10:50 a.m. E.S.T. Stations in the United States were
joined by hundreds of others around the world in a sign of
unification for the African relief cause. Even Muzak made the song
only the second vocal selection it has ever played in elevators and
offices since its inception.

** Birthdays
1827 - Joseph Lister (British surgeon, inventor: Listerine mouthwash;
President of the Royal Society [1895 to 1900]; passed away Feb 10, 1912)
1856 - Booker T. Washington (educator, black leader, author: Up from
Slavery; passed away Nov 14, 1915)
1900 - Spencer (Bonaventure) Tracy (Academy Award-winning actor:
Captains Courageous [1937], Boys Town [1938]; San Francisco, Stanley
and Livingstone, Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde [1941], Thirty Seconds Over
Tokyo, Adam's Rib, Father of the Bride [1950], Pat and Mike, Bad Day
at Black Rock, The Mountain, The Old Man and the Sea, How the West
Was Won, It's a Mad Mad Mad Mad World, Guess Who's Coming to Dinner;
passed away June 10, 1967; see Superstar Day [above]) 1901 - Melvyn
Douglas (Melvyn Edouard Hesselberg) (Academy Award-winning actor:
[supporting] Hud [1963], [supporting] Being There [1979]; The Vampire
Bat, Captains Courageous, Ninotchka, Three Hearts for Julia, Mr.
Blandings Builds His Dream House, The Americanization of Emily, I
Never Sang for My Father, The Candidate, The Seduction of Joe Tynan,
The Changeling, Ghost Story; passed away Aug 4, 1981; see Superstar
Day [above])
1937 - Colin Powell (military leader: Chairman U.S. Joint Chiefs of
Staff during Desert Storm)

** Chart Toppers - 1991
Coming Out of the Dark - Gloria Estafan
This House - Tracie Spencer
Hold You Tight - Tara Kemp
Two of a Kind, Workin' on a Full House - Garth Brooks

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 116 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Wed, Apr  5, 2000 (13:44) * 48 lines 
Musical History - April 5, 2000
Today's birthdays include:
Tommy Cash, Johnny's brother, who was born in 1940 (age 60)
Singer Eric Burdon in 1941 (age 59)
Allan Clarke of the Hollies in 1942 (age 58)
Whispers' Nicholas Caldwell in 1944 (age 56)
Actress Jane Asher, Paul McCartney's one-time fiancee, in 1946 (age 54)
Dave Swarbrick of Fairport Convention in 1947 (age 53)
ABBA's Anna Faltskog in 1950 (age 50)
Everett Morton of the English Beat in 1951 (age 49)
Pearl Jam guitarist Mike McCready in 1966 (age 34)
Singer/songwriter Paula Cole in 1968 (age 32)

In 1977, Jackson Browne, John Sebastian, J.D. Souther, Richie
Havens and Country Joe McDonald performed a series of
concerts in Tokyo to benefit efforts to protect whales and
dolphins. They raised $150,000 in three days.

In 1979, Madness changed its name from the North London

In 1981, Bob "the Bear" Hite of Canned Heat died from a heart
attack at the age of 36.

In 1984, Marvin Gaye Jr. was buried at Forest Lawn Cemetery
in Los Angeles.

In 1987, Frank Sinatra, Johnny Carson, Jerry Lewis, Mel
Torme, Artie Shaw and Henry Mancini were among the mourners
at the Los Angeles funeral of Buddy Rich.

In 1993, a Boston judge dropped the assault and battery
charges against rapper "Marky" Mark Wahlberg after he
reached an out-of-court settlement in the civil lawsuit
filed by the man he'd alleged beat up.

Also in 1993, construction finally began on the long-awaited
Rock and Roll Hall of Fame and Museum in Cleveland.

In 1994, Aerosmith won seven awards at the eighth annual
Boston Music Awards.

In 1995, country singer Clinton Gregory arrived late to the
Country Dance Music Awards in Nashville because his wife was
giving birth to their daughter across town.

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 117 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Thu, Apr  6, 2000 (14:29) * 41 lines 
Today in History for April 6
LONDON (Reuters) - Here are some notable events from this date in history:
1199 - King Richard The Lionheart (Richard I) died after being wounded during
the siege of the castle of Chalus in France. He was succeeded by his brother
1483 - Raphael, Italian painter, born as Rafaello Sanzio. A master of
Renaissance style, he decorated a large papal chamber in the Vatican, the
Stanza della Segnatura. He died on this day in 1520.
1528 - Albrecht Duerer, German artist and engraver, died. One of the great
German Renaissance artists, he was famed for his copper engravings
``Knight, Death and Devil'' (1513).
1789 - George Washington was elected the first president of the United
States. He was the only president to be unanimously elected.
1830 - The Church of Jesus Christ of the Latter Day Saints, whose followers
are known as Mormons, was founded by Joseph Smith at Fayette in New
York state.
1874 - Harry Houdini, U.S. magician and escapologist, born as Ehrich Weiss.
He could escape from any kind of bonds, container, prison cell or padlocked
underwater box.
1895 - ``Waltzing Matilda,'' one of Australia's best-known tunes written by
bush poet Banjo Paterson, was first publicly performed at a hotel in the
remote northern town of Winton.
1896 - The first modern Olympic Games, revived by Baron de Coubertin, were
inaugurated in Athens.
1909 - U.S. Navy commander Robert Peary, leading an expedition, reached
the North Pole.
1929 - Andre Previn, U.S. conductor, pianist and composer, born in Berlin.
Known as a classical orchestral conductor, notably of Shostakovich, he also
conducted and scored film music and arrangements, especially ``Gigi'' and
``Porgy and Bess.''
1944 - Michelle Phillips of the pop group The Mammas & The Papas, born.
1965 - Early Bird I, the world's first commercial communications satellite, was
launched from Cape Kennedy, Florida. It became operational on June 28.
1971 - Igor Stravinsky, Russian-born composer, died in ew York. One of the
20th Century's leading musical figures and most famous for his ballets ``The
Rite of Spring'' and ``Petrushka.''
1996 - Actress Greer Garson died aged 92. Best known for her 1942 film
``Mrs. Miniver,'' for which she won an Oscar.
1998 - Tammy Wynette, known as ``The First Lady of Country Music'' and
world-renowned for her hit ``Stand by Your Man,'' died aged 55.

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 118 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Thu, Apr  6, 2000 (15:15) * 113 lines 
MUSIC HISTORY & TRIVIA - Thursday, April 6, 2000

Today's birthdays include:
Country's Merle Haggard, who was born in 1937 (age 63)
Michelle Phillips, formerly of the Mamas and the Papas, in 1944 (age 56)
Reggae star Bob Marley was born in 1945
Hot Chocolate drummer Tony Connor in 1947 (age 53)
Air Supply's Ralph Cooper in 1951 (age 49)

In 1956, Paramount Pictures signed Elvis Presley to a three-
picture deal just five days after his first screen test.

In 1968, Syd Barrett -- lead guitarist and founder of Pink
Floyd -- quit the band.

In 1971, the Rolling Stones unveiled the "lips" logo for the
band's record label.

In 1974, "Ladies and Gentlemen, The Rolling Stones" -- with
a quadraphonic soundtrack -- premiered in New York.

Also in 1974, California Jam -- a festival featuring the
Eagles, Emerson Lake and Palmer, Deep Purple and Black Sabbath
-- opened.

In 1979, Rod Stewart married Alanna Hamilton -- George
Hamilton's ex-wife -- in the Beverly Hills, Calif., home of
Tina Sinatra. The marriage ended by 1984.

In 1983, Danny Rapp -- lead singer with Danny and the Juniors
-- committed suicide.

In 1984, the film "This is Spinal Tap" opened in New York.

Also in 1984, Thomas Dolby made his U.S. concert debut in
Poughkeepsie, N.Y.

In 1985, singer/songwriter Gilbert O'Sullivan -- who had a
series of hit singles in the early 1970s -- won his lawsuit
against his manager, Gordon Mills, whom he accused of not
paying royalties. O'Sullivan was awarded $2 million.

In 1987, "singing cowboy" Gene Autry became the first person
ever honored with FIVE stars on the Hollywood Walk of Fame.

Also in 1987, Hank Williams Jr. was named Entertainer of the
Year by the Academy of Country Music.

In 1990, the manager of the rock band Bon Jovi was sentenced
to three years probation on drug charges.

Also in 1990, the "Godfather of Soul" James Brown was
transferred from a Georgia prison -- where he was serving a
six-year sentence for a variety of charges -- to a minimum-
security facility, where he counseled drug abusers.

In 1992, George Harrison performed his first full-length
concert in Britain since 1969, when he had played with the
other Beatles on the roof of Apple Records in London.

In 1993, an out-of-court settlement was reached in former
KISS drummer Peter Criss's lawsuit against the Star tabloid,
which had published a story claiming he was a homeless
alcoholic "bum."

Also in 1993, LaToya Jackson avoided an IRS auction by paying
the back taxes on her interest in her parents' home in Encino,

In 1994, Elton John and Billy Joel announced plans for a joint
summer tour.

In 1997, Michael Jackson's 3D musical space movie "Captain EO"
had its final performance at the Tomorrowland Theater at

In 1998, singer Tammy Wynette -- the "first lady of country
music" -- died in sleep at her Nashville home. She was 55.

Also in 1998, Wendy O. Williams, lead singer of 1980s punk
band Plasmatics, died from a self-inflected shotgun wound.
Her body was found in the woods near her Connecticut home.
Williams was 41.

In 1998, R. Kelly was arrested and charged with disorderly
conduct in Chicago after he refused to turn down the music
blasting from his sport utility vehicle.

In 1998, Lollapalooza co-owner Ted Garner told USA Today
that the traveling rock festival was off for that summer --
because he couldn't sign any headlining acts.

In 1999, Paul Simon and Bob Dylan announced plans to tour
together for the first time. PaulBob'99 kicked off June 6,
1999, in Colorado Springs, Colo.

Also in 1999, Johnny Cash made an unannounced appearance at
his tribute concert in New York City. He performed his
classic hit "Folsom Prison Blues." Other artists at the
tribute included Willie Nelson, Bruce Springsteen, Bob Dylan,
U2, Sheryl Crow, Emmylou Harris and Wyclef Jean.

TODAY'S MUSICAL QUIZ: Is Merle Haggard really an "Okie from
Muskogee," like he sings in the song?
ANSWER: No. Haggard was born in Bakersfield, Calif.

By Penny Nelson (UPI) Copyright 2000 by United Press
International. All rights reserved.
Copyright 2000 by Pulse Direct, Inc. All rights reserved.
Feel free to forward this, in its entirety, to others.

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 119 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Thu, Apr  6, 2000 (16:01) * 58 lines 
Time Capsule - April 6, 2000
In 1917, the United States declared war on Germany.

In 1968, federal troops and National Guardsmen were ordered
out in Chicago, Washington, D.C., and Detroit, as rioting
continued over the assassination of Martin Luther King Jr.

In 1991, Iraq's Parliament accepted a permanent cease-fire in
the Gulf War.

In 1992, science fiction patriarch Isaac Asimov died after
lengthy illness. He was 72.

In 1993, testimony concluded in the federal trial of four Los
Angeles police officers charged with violating Rodney King's
civil rights during his 1991 arrest.

In 1994, the presidents of the African nations of Rwanda and
Burundi were killed in a plane crash in the capital city of
Rwanda. The incident triggered bloody fighting between the
Hutu and Tutsi ethnic groups that ultimately left hundreds of
thousands of people dead.

Also in 1994, Justice Harry A. Blackmun, who had served on the
U.S. Supreme Court since being chosen by President Nixon in
1970, announced his retirement.

In 1996, rioting broke out in Liberia following the arrest of
factional leader Roosevelt Johnson on murder charges.

In 1998, federal health officials announced that tamoxifen,
a synthetic hormone, prevented breast cancer in women at high

In 1999, in the first state referendum of its kind, voters in
Missouri voted 52 to 48 percent against a proposal to allow the
carrying of concealed weapons. The National Rifle Association
reportedly had spent $4 million in support of the referendum.

+------------------ Birthday's ------------------+
Newspaper editor Joseph Medill in 1823
Journalist Lincoln Steffens in 1866
Actor Walter Huston in 1884
Radio commentator Lowell Thomas in 1892
Baseball Hall-of-Famer Gordon "Mickey" Cochrane in 1903
Geneticist James Watson in 1928 (age 72)

Du Pont researchers Roy Plunkett and Jack Rebok accidentally
created the chemical compound polytetraflouroethylene resin,
better known as Teflon, on this date in 1938. The substance
revolutionized the cookwave industry. Something like three-
quarters of the pots and pans in America are coated with Teflon
or something similar.
By Howard Dicus (UPI) Copyright 2000 by United Press
International. All rights reserved.

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 120 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Fri, Apr  7, 2000 (12:42) * 62 lines 
April 6, 2000
* This is South Pacific Day!
The Richard Rodgers, Oscar Hammerstein musical classic of love and
war, "South Pacific", unfolded on a lush tropical island swarming
with Seabees, nurses, natives and coconut trees on this night in
1949. Actually, it was not a tropical island, but the stage of the
Majestic Theatre in New York City.
Ezio Pinza starred as the suave French plantation owner with a shady
past and Mary Martin portrayed the bubbly, pretty, but naive Navy
nurse. Mary Martin washed her hair a zillion times as she sang, "I'm
Gonna Wash that Man Right Out of My Hair" in 1,925 performances.
The 1950 Tony Awards awarded the show and its producers, performers,
director (Joshua Logan) and composers with no less than 9 statuettes.
It also earned a Pulitzer Prize in the same year and in 1958 was made
into a movie.
"South Pacific" caused a lot of "Happy Talk" and this night, so many
years ago, was certainly "Some Enchanted Evening".

** Events
1940 - Booker T. Washington became the first black to be pictured on a U.S.
postage stamp. His likeness was issued on a 10-cent stamp this day.
1956 - Arthur Hailey had a script accepted and presented just 20 days
after it was submitted to the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. The
drama, "Flight into Danger" had an unprecedented audience response. A
number of years later, Arthur Hailey also wrote the best-selling
novel, "Airport"; which was then adapted for the popular movie by the
same title.
1985 - Prince ended his 32-city tour and said that he was withdrawing
from live performances for "an indeterminate number of years." The
last city on the tour was Miami, FL. He meant it so much, he even
changed his name to a symbol and the name TAFKAP (The Artist Formerly
Known As Prince).
1985 - Herschel Walker of the New Jersey Generals broke the
single-game rushing mark in the United States Football League (USFL).
He gained 233 yards in leading the Generals past Houston 31-25.

** Birthdays
1770 - William Wordsworth (poet: The Prelude: Growth of a Poet's
Mind; passed away April 23, 1850)
1897 - Walter Winchell (vaudeville performer, journalist, gossip
columnist: New York Mirror, radio commentator: "Good evening, Mr. and
Mrs. America and all the ships at sea."; passed away Feb 20, 1972)
1920 - Ravi Shankar (sitarist: played at Woodstock [1969] and with
George Harrison in the Bangla-Desh Benefit concerts [1971]; was
George Harrison's sitar teacher; was resident lecturer at CCNY)
1954 - Tony Dorsett (Pro Football Hall Famer: University of
Pittsburgh: career record: for yards gained: Heisman Trophy winner
[1976]; Dallas Cowboys running back: Super Bowls XII, XIII)
1960 - Buster (James) Douglas (boxing champion: defeated Mike Tyson)

** Chart Toppers - 1985
One More Night - Phil Collins
We are the World - USA for Africa
Crazy for You - Madonna
Country Girls - John Schneider
Copyright (c) 1995-2000 440 International, Inc.
Portions Copyright (c) 2000 Digital Demographics, Inc.

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 121 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Fri, Apr  7, 2000 (12:46) * 56 lines 
Tine Capsule
Many scholars figure this is the date in A.D. 30 that Jesus of
Nazareth was crucified in Jerusalem. No one's really sure
exactly when the events written about in the New Testament took
place. Records from that era are not exactly complete.

In 1862, Union forces under the command of General Ulysses S.
Grant defeated the Confederates at Shiloh, Tenn.

In 1983, crewmen of the shuttle Challenger performed a
spacewalk, the first by U.S. astronauts in nine years.

In 1990, former national security adviser John Poindexter,
the last of the original Iran-Contra defendants, was convicted
on felony charges in the worst scandal of the Reagan presidency.

Suspected arson fires aboard the ferry Scandinavian Star killed
at least 75 people on this date in 1990. It was Scandinavia's
worst post-war maritime disaster.

And in 1990, the Contemporary Arts Center in Cincinnati and
its director were indicted on obscenity and child pornography
charges for displaying the controversial Robert Mapplethorpe
photo exhibit.

In 1991, the United States began airlifting food, water and
medical gear to Kurdish refugees at the Iraq-Turkish border.

And it was on this date in 1992 that a plane carrying P.L.O.
Chairman Yasser Arafat from Sudan was reported missing over
the Libyan desert. He was later found after his plane made an
emergency landing in a sandstorm.

In 1993, the U.N. Security Council recommended the United Nations
admit Macedonia under the provisional name "former Yugoslav
republic of Macedonia."

+------------------ Birthday's ------------------+
Missionary St. Francis Xavier in 1506
Gossip columnist Walter Winchell in 1897
Conductor Percy Faith in 1908
Singer Billie Holiday in 1915
Actor James Garner in 1928 (age 72)
Former Defense Department analyst Daniel Ellsberg, who leaked
the Pentagon Papers, in 1931 (age 69)
Actor Wayne Rogers ("M*A*S*H") in 1933 (age 67)
Former California Gov. Jerry Brown Jr., in 1938 (age 62)
Film director Francis Ford Coppola and British TV personality
David Frost, both in 1939 (age 61)
Musician John Oates in 1949 (age 51)
Actor/marital arts expert Jackie Chan in 1954 (age 46)

By Howard Dicus (UPI) Copyright 2000 by United Press
International. All rights reserved.

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 122 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Fri, Apr  7, 2000 (13:02) * 67 lines 
Music History - April 7, 2000
In 1962, future Rolling Stones Mick Jagger and Keith Richards
met Brian Jones -- then performing as Elmo Lewis -- at a
London blues hangout called the Ealing Club.

In 1977, The Clash released its self-titled debut album.

In 1981, guitarist Steve Marriott -- formerly with Faces and
then with Humble Pie -- accidentally crushed his fingers in a
revolving door in Chicago.

In 1985, Wham! became the first major western rock band to
perform in China. 12,000 Chinese fans showed up for the band's
concert in Beijing.

Also in 1985, Prince announced after a show at Miami's Orange
Bowl that he was retiring from live performing. He didn't.

In 1987, Ozzy Osbourne sent evangelist Oral Roberts a dollar
for "psychiatric treatment" after Roberts announced that God
would take his life unless he received $1 million in donations.

In 1993, the rock group Extreme and R&B singer Bobby Brown
were the big winners at the seventh annual Boston Music Awards.

Also in 1993, members of the rap group Onyx roughed up a
bootlegger in lower Manhattan. No charges were filed.

In 1994, Courtney Love -- the wife of Nirvana's Kurt Cobain
-- was arrested on drug charges in Beverly Hills, Calif.,
one day before her husband was found dead in Seattle. The
charges against Love eventually were dropped when it turned
out the "drugs" in question was prescription medication.

In 1995, rocker Eddie Van Halen was briefly detained after
he tried to carry a loaded gun onto a commercial flight. He
later pleaded no contest and was fined $300.

Also in 1995, hundreds turned out at a South-Central Los
Angeles church for a memorial service for rapper Eric
"Eazy-E" Wright, who'd died of AIDS.

In 1997, Oasis frontman Liam Gallagher married actress Patsy
Kensit in a secret civil ceremony in London. It was the
first marriage for him, and the third for her.

Also in 1997, the University of Amsterdam began offering a
course titled "Madonna 101," a pop culture class studying
the singer's lyrics, song stylings and films.

In 1998, George Michael was arrested and charged with
"engaging in a lewd act" in a Beverly Hills, Calif., park
restroom. He would later plead "no contest" to the charges.

Also in 1998, Motley Crue drummer Tommy Lee pleaded "no

TODAY'S MUSICAL QUIZ: How did Courtney Love come up with the
name "Hole" for her band?

ANSWER: Love took the name from a line in the Greek tragedy
"Medea": "There's a hole burning deep inside of me." She
said she picked the name because she knew it would confuse

By Penny Nelson (UPI) Copyright 2000 by United Press
International. All rights reserved.

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 123 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Fri, Apr  7, 2000 (13:12) * 39 lines 
Reuters Today in History for April 7
LONDON (Reuters) - Here are some notable events from this date in history:
1348 - Prague University, the first in central Europe, was founded by Charles
IV, King of Bohemia.
1770 - William Wordsworth, English poet, born. The English Lake District
supplied the inspiration for much of his best poetry.
1862 - In the U.S. Civil War, the Union army under Ulysses S. Grant defeated
the Confederates under Albert Johnston at the Battle of Shiloh. Johnston was
killed during the battle.
1891 - Phineas T. Barnum, U.S. showman, died. Famed for his amusements
and spectacular circuses, he also brought Swedish operatic soprano Jenny
Lind to tour America in 1850.
1915 - Billie Holiday, U.S. jazz singer, born as Eleanora Fagan. She sang
with all the American big band leaders of her day while developing her own
intimate style.
1927 - The first successful long-distance demonstration of television took
place in the United States. Secretary of Commerce Herbert Hoover made a
speech in Washington that was seen and heard on a television in New York.
1934 - In India, Mahatma Gandhi suspended his campaign of civil
disobedience against British rule.
1939 - Francis Ford Coppola, U.S. film director and Oscar winner for ``The
Godfather'' and ``Apocalypse Now,'' born.
1943 - The drug LSD was first produced at Sandoz Laboratories, Basel,
Switzerland, by Albert Hofman.
1947 - Henry Ford, U.S. motor manufacturer who pioneered the ``assembly
line'' mass-production technique, died.
1951 - Singer-songwriter Janis Ian born.
1955 - Theda Bara (Theodosia Goodman), U.S. silent film actress, died. In
films from 1915, she was best known for her exotic roles in films notably
``Carmen'' and ``Cleopatra.''
1970 - A U.S. court confirmed that it had closed the investigation of Senator
Edward Kennedy over the car crash in which Mary Jo Kopechne died at
Chappaquiddick in 1969.
1980 - U.S. President Jimmy Carter broke off diplomatic relations with Iran
and ordered out all Iranian embassy staff because of the detention of U.S.
embassy hostages in Tehran.
1998 - British pop singer George Michael was arrested for engaging in a
``lewd act'' in a public toilet in Los Angeles.

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 124 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Sat, Apr  8, 2000 (18:15) * 35 lines 

Reuters Today in History for April 8
LONDON (Reuters) - Here are some notable events from this date in history:
217 - Caracalla (Marcus Aurelius Antonius), Roman emperor noted for his
brutality, was assassinated as he launched a second campaign against the
1513 - Juan Ponce de Leon discovered Florida and claimed it for Spain.
1818 - August Wilhelm von Hofmann, German chemist noted for his work on
formaldehyde and coal-tar products, born.
1861 - Elisha Graves Otis, inventor of the first safe lift, died. He patented his
``elevator'' but orders were low until he exhibited it in New York in May 1854.
1889 - Sir Adrian Boult, English conductor, born. In 1918 Gustav Holst asked
him to conduct the first performance of ``The Planets.''
1893 - Actress Mary Pickford was born in Canada as Gladys Smith. An
astute businesswoman, she formed the United Artists company in 1919 with
Charlie Chaplin, D.W. Griffith and Douglas Fairbanks.
1913 - China's first parliament opened in Peking (Beijing).
1946 - The League of Nations opened its final session in Geneva after being
replaced by the United Nations.
1950 - Vaslav Nijinsky, legendary Russian ballet dancer, died. He is generally
regarded as the 20th century's greatest male dancer.
1973 - Pablo Picasso, Spanish painter, sculptor and pioneer of Cubism, died.
Refusing to return to Spain during the Franco regime, he spent most of his life
in France. His most noted works were ``Les Demoiselles d'Avignon'' and
1977 - Israeli Prime Minister Yitzak Rabin admitted he had violated the
country's currency laws; he later resigned.
1985 - Australian media magnate Rupert Murdoch bought 50 percent of the
20th Century Fox Film Corporation.
1986 - Film actor Clint Eastwood was elected mayor of Carmel, California.
1986 - Jennifer Guinness of the well-known brewing family was kidnapped in
Ireland for a two million sterling ransom.
1992 - PLO leader Yasser Arafat survived a plane crash in the Sahara desert;
the plane's three crew were killed.

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 125 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Mon, Apr 10, 2000 (12:42) * 84 lines 
Time Capsules

In 1864, Austrian Archduke Maximilian became emperor of Mexico.

It was on this date in 1945 that members of the U.S. 80th
Division entered the Buchenwald concentration camp north of
Weimar, Germany. It was the first of the Nazi concentration
camps to be liberated by Allied troops. Buchenwald had been
established in 1937 and an estimated 56,000 people died there.

Paul McCartney announced on this date in 1970 that he was
leaving the Beatles -- citing personal differences with John
Lennon. One of the personal differences was said to be Yoko Ono.

In 1971, the U.S. table tennis team arrived in China, the first
American group to penetrate the so-called "Bamboo Curtain"
since the 1950s.

In 1987, the state of Utah began pumping water from the Great
Salt Lake to reduce damaging record water levels.

In 1990, a Belgian man, his French girlfriend and their
daughter, who was born in captivity, were released in the
Middle East. They'd been seized along with four other Belgians
by the Fatah Revolutionary Council aboard a pleasure boat in
the eastern Mediterranean in November 1987.

In 1991, an Italian ferry headed to Sardinia collided with an
oil tanker near Leghorn, Italy, killing 151 passengers and crew.
The tanker crew survived.

He was seen as a symbol of the nation's savings and loan
debacle. And on this date in 1992, Charles Keating Jr. was
sentenced to 10 years in prison for securities fraud. He got
off relatively easy -- many people had lost their life savings
and were left destitute.

Also in 1992, in formal Gulf War report, the Pentagon said
allied bombers destroyed more Iraqi electrical generating
facilities than necessary, causing undue postwar hardship on

In 1993, jurors began deliberations in the federal trial of
four Los Angeles police officers charged with violating Rodney
King's civil rights.

In 1994, two U.S aircraft bombed a Serb command post in Bosnia.
It was the first-ever NATO air attack against ground forces.

In 1995, Sen. Bob Dole, R-Kan, announced his candidacy for the
GOP presidential nomination.

In 1996, President Clinton vetoed a ban on "partial birth"
abortions. Congress was unable to override the veto.

In 1997, a federal judge in Washington, D.C., ruled the
Line-Item Veto Act of 1996 was unconstitutional.

In 1998, Britain and Ireland reached an agreement aimed at
ending the long and bloody dispute over the future of Northern

Also in 1998, the anti-impotence drug Viagra went on the market
and became one of the best-selling new medications of all time.

+------------------ Birthday's ------------------+
U.S. Adm. Matthew Perry, who concluded the first treaty between
Japan and the United States, in 1794
Soldier, diplomat and novelist Lewis Wallace, author of "Ben
Hur," in 1827
William Booth, founder of the Salvation Army, in 1829
Journalist and publisher Joseph Pulitzer in 1847
Frances Perkins, the first woman Cabinet member, in 1882
Poet and philosopher Kahlil Gibran in 1883
Journalist and diplomat Clare Booth Luce in 1903
Actors Harry Morgan in 1915 (age 85), Chuck Connors in 1921,
Max von Sydow in 1929 (age 71) and Omar Sharif in 1932 (age 68)
Sports commentator John Madden in 1936 (age 64)
Actors Steven Seagal in 1951 (age 49) and Peter MacNicol in
1954 (age 46)
Singer/songwriter/producer Kenneth "Babyface" Edmonds in 1957
(age 43)

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 126 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Mon, Apr 10, 2000 (13:07) * 87 lines 
Today in Music History - April 10, 2000
Today's birthdays include:
"Sheb" Wooley, who was born in 1921 (age 79)
The Spinners' Bobbie Smith in 1936 (age 64)
Bobby Hatfield of the Righteous Brothers in 1940 (age 60)
Bunny Wailer -- whose real name is Neville O'Reilly
Livingstone -- of the Wailers in 1947 (age 53)
Guitarist Eddie Hazel of P-Funk in 1950 (age 50)
Terre Roche of the Roches in 1953 (age 47)
Singer/songwriter/producer Kenneth "Babyface" Edmonds in 1957 (age 43)
Brian Setzer, formerly with the Stray Cats, in 1959 (age 41)

In 1956, Nat "King" Cole was attacked and beaten by a mob of
racists while singing on stage at Municipal Hall in Birmingham, Ala.

In 1958, Chuck Willis was killed in a car crash in Atlanta. He was 30.

In 1962, Stu Sutcliffe -- the original bassist with the
Beatles and the originator of the shaggy "Beatle" haircut
-- died at the age of 21 from a brain hemorrhage.

In 1970, Paul McCartney announced he was leaving the Beatles,
citing personal differences with John Lennon.

In 1981, Pretenders guitarist James Honeyman-Scott married
model Peggy Sue Fender in London.

In 1982, the Paul McCartney-Stevie Wonder duet "Ebony and
Ivory" entered the U.S. pop singles chart at no. 29. It
would eventually hit no. 1 in both the United States and

In 1985, Wham! performed for 5,000 Chinese fans in Canton,

In 1991, a judge in Louisville, Ky., reduced the arson
charge against New Kid on the Block Donnie Wahlberg in
exchange for his recording of fire safety, drug abuse and
drunk driving public service announcements. The charge
stemmed from a March 27 hotel hallway fire that Wahlberg
allegedly had set.

In 1992, Axl Rose skipped town ahead of Cook Co., Ill.,
sheriff's deputies, who were going to arrest him on charges
stemming from a riot that'd broken out July 2, 1991, at a
suburban St. Louis concert. Rose's abrupt departure forced
the cancellation of the Guns N' Roses concert in Chicago.
Shows in suburban Detroit scheduled for April 13 and 14 were
also cancelled.

In 1993, more than 100 people were hurt and 100 others
arrested when rioting erupted outside a Metallica concert in
suburban Jakarta, Indonesia.

In 1994, more than 10,000 people turned out for a memorial
vigil in downtown Seattle for Nirvana's Kurt Cobain, who'd
been found dead two days earlier from a self-inflicted gunshot

In 1995, Rod Stewart said a British newspaper reporter
misunderstood him when the journalist quoted the rocker
saying he'd retire after his upcoming concert tour.

In 1996, Rob Pilatus -- formerly of Milli Vanilli -- was
arrested on outstanding warrants after being pulled over by
Los Angeles police for running a stop sign.

In 1997, A&M Records confirmed that Soundgarden was breaking
up after 12 years.

In 1999, the Smashing Pumpkins kicked off "The Arising" tour
in Detroit. The first four songs of the show were cybercast
via the Internet.


TODAY'S MUSICAL QUIZ: What's the most recorded song in

ANSWER: "Yesterday," by Paul McCartney. More than 2,500
cover versions exist. By the way, McCartney no longer owns
the copyright on the song and when he wanted to use it in
the 1984 film "Give My Regards to Broad Street," he had to
ask permission from the publishers.

By Penny Nelson (UPI) Copyright 2000 by United Press International

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 127 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Mon, Apr 10, 2000 (13:36) * 68 lines 
April 10, 2000

** This is PGA Day!
Inaugurated in 1916, the Professional Golfers Association (PGA) held
its first championship tournament on this day. This first PGA
Championship title went to Britisher, Jim Barnes. Barnes won the
match-play event at Siwanoy golf course in Bronxville, NY and was
presented with a trophy and the major share of the $2,580 purse.
Much has changed in the PGA since that spring day in 1916. The event
was changed to a 72-hole, stroke-play game in 1958. The LPGA for
women golfers was instituted in 1950 and the Senior PGA Tour for
players 50 and older began in 1982.
Two players have won the title five times: Walter Hagen and Jack
Nicklaus. Hagen also holds the record for most consecutive wins from
1924 through 1927. The lowest 72-hole total of 271 was garnered by
Bobby Nichols in 1964. The honors of being the oldest champion
belongs to Julius Boros. He won in 1968 at the age of 48 plus 140
days; while Gene Sarazen was given the title of youngest champion. In
1922, Gene was just 20 years and 173 days old when he took home the PGA title.
We won't even mention what today's PGA purses are worth. Fore!

** Events
1849 - Walter Hunt of New York City patented the safety pin. Most of
us still use the device which comes in a variety of sizes and is
quite handy to have around. Mr. Hunt, however, didn't think so. He
thought the safety pin to be a temporary convenience and sold the
patent for a total of $400. Bet he could just 'stick' himself for
doing that.
1948 - General Dwight D. Eisenhower stood by an earlier newspaper
report in which he said that a professional soldier should not seek
high political office. It was only four years later that Ike would
find himself in the highest political office in the land -- that of
President of the United States.
1970 - Officially resigning from The Beatles, Paul McCartney
disbanded the most influential rock group in history at a public news
conference. The Beatles hit, "Let It Be", was riding high on the pop
charts. The last recording for the group, "The Long and Winding Road"
(also from the documentary film "Let It Be"), would be number one for
two weeks beginning on June 13, bringing to a close one of
contemporary music's greatest dynasties.
1988 - It was a big day on Wall Street as 48 million shares of
Navistar International stock changed hands in a single-block trade.
It was was the largest transaction executed (to that time) on the New
York Stock Exchange.

** Birthdays
1847 - Joseph Pulitzer (publisher: namesake of the Pulitzer Prize
which he founded in 1917)
1936 - John Madden (football: head coach: Oakland Raiders;
broadcaster: FOX NFL Sunday)
1950 - Ken (George Kenneth) Griffey, Sr. (baseball: Cincinnati Reds
[World Series: 1975, 1976/all-star: 1976, 1977, 1980], NY Yankees,
Atlanta Braves, Seattle Mariners; father of Ken Griffey, Jr.; the
first father-son combination to play in the major leagues at the same
1951 - Steven Seagal (actor: Executive Decision, Under Siege series,
On Deadly Ground, Out for Justice, Marked for Death, Hard to Kill,
Above the Law)
1960 - Brian Setzer (musician: guitar, singer: The Stray Cats: Rock
This Town, Stray Cat Strut, Runaway Boys)

** Chart Toppers - 1988
Get Outta My Dreams, Get Into My Car - Billy Ocean
Out of the Blue - Debbie Gibson
Devil Inside - INXS
Famous Last Words of a Fool - George Strait

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 128 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Tue, Apr 11, 2000 (10:58) * 54 lines 
Time Capsule - April 11, 2000

In 1951, President Truman relieved Gen. Douglas MacArthur of
his command in Korea.

In 1968, one week after the assassination of Martin Luther
King Jr., President Johnson signed into law the Civil Rights
Act of 1968.

In 1970, the Apollo-13 spacecraft was launched from Cape
Canaveral, Fla., on the third U.S. moon-landing mission. The
attempt was aborted when an oxygen tank exploded, but the
astronauts safely returned to earth.

In 1987, South Africa, extending a nine-month-old state of
emergency, barred all protests on behalf of political detainees.

In 1991, Italian Prime Minister-designate Giulio Andreotti
formed a coalition cabinet to serve as Italy's 50th postwar

In 1992, loud, foul-mouthed shock comedian Sam Kinison died
at age 38 in an auto crash in Needles, Calif., which critically
injured his newlywed wife.

In 1993, nine inmates and one guard were killed when a riot
erupted at the maximum security Southern Ohio Correctional
Facility near Lucasville. The standoff lasted 11 days.

In 1994, President Clinton and first lady Hillary Rodham Clinton
paid $14,615 in federal and Arkansas back taxes and interest.

In 1996, Israel retaliated for bomb attacks by shelling
Hezbollah positions in Lebanon. A U.N. refugee camp was struck,
killing more than 100 civilians.

Also in 1996, seven-year-old Jessica Dubroff, her dad and her
flight instructor were killed when their plane crashed upon
take off from Cheyenne, Wy.

In 1997, international peacekeepers landed in Albania, torn
by months of internal strife.

+------------------ Birthday's ------------------+
American statesman and orator Edward Everett in 1794
Supreme Court Justice Charles Evans Hughes in 1862
Statesman Dean Acheson, secretary of state under President Truman, in 1893
Fashion designer Oleg Cassini in 1913 (age 87)
Ethel Kennedy, widow of Sen. Robert F. Kennedy, in 1928
(age 72)
Actors Joel Grey in 1932 (age 68), Louise Lasser in 1939
(age 61) and Peter Riegert and Meshach Taylor, both in 1947 (age 53)

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 129 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Tue, Apr 11, 2000 (12:06) * 45 lines 
Know Your History for April 11:

** Today is Barbershop Quartet Day!
The SPEBSQSA (Society for the Preservation and Encouragement of
Barber Shop Quartet Singing in America) was founded on this day in
1938 by 26 singing, striped-shirted gentlemen. Now we know that's 6‡
quartets worth, but that's what it took to get the organization
humming. So, let's head for the barbershop and ask for a "shave & a
haircut, two bits!" or a refrain of "Sweet Adeline".

By the way, "Sweet Adeline", the love song that became a favorite of
barbershop quartets, was written in 1903 by Richard Gerard and Henry
Armstrong; and there really was a sweet Adeline. She was opera
singer, Adelina Patti.
Today, female barbershop quartets are called Sweet Adelines.
All together now, let's harmonize. Hummmm.

** Events
1947 - Jackie Robinson became the first black player in major-league
history when he played in an exhibition game for the Brooklyn Dodgers.

1965 - For the second time, Jack Nicklaus won the Masters golf title.
He shot a par 271. Runners-up in a tie for second place were Arnold
Palmer and Gary Player. It was the first time the 'Big Three'
finished 1, 2, 3 in a tournament.

1986 - Kellogg's of Battle Creek, MI stopped its 80-year tradition of
tours of the breakfast-food plant on this day, saying that company
secrets were at risk with spies from other cereal manufacturers.

** Birthday Board
1908 - Jane Bolin (attorney: 1st black woman graduate of Yale School
of Law; 1st black female judge)
1928 - Ethel Kennedy (Skakel) (widow of slain U.S. Attorney General
Robert Kennedy)

** Chart Toppers - 1989
The Look - Roxette
She Drives Me Crazy - Fine Young cannibals
Like a Prayer - Madonna
I'm No Stranger to the Rain - Keith Whitley

Copyright (c) 1995-2000 440 International, Inc.
Portions Copyright (c) 2000 Digital Demographics, Inc.

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 130 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Tue, Apr 11, 2000 (13:48) * 63 lines 
Music History - April 11, 2000

Today's birthdays include:
Chris Difford of Squeeze, who was born in 1954 (age 46)
Neville Staples of the Specials in 1956 (age 44)
Stuart Adamson, guitarist with Big Country, in 1958 (age 42)
Lisa Stansfield in 1966 (age 34)

In 1956, James Brown's first charted single -- "Please Please
Please" -- appeared on the R&B singles charts.

Also in 1956, the Jordanaires joined Elvis Presley in the
studio for the first time, singing back-up on "I Want You,
I Need You, I Love You."

In 1961, Bob Dylan performed professionally for the first
time at Gerde's Folk City in New York's Greenwich Village,
opening for John Lee Hooker.

In 1963, the Beatles' "From Me To You" was released in England.
It would become the Fab Four's first British no. 1 single.

In 1965, the Beatles, Rolling Stones, Kinks, Animals, Moody
Blues, Herman's Hermits, Donovan, Tom Jones and Dusty
Springfield were among the performers at a concert sponsored
by Britain's New Musical Express magazine.

In 1970, Peter Green -- a founding member of Fleetwood Mac --
found religion and announced he was leaving the group.

In 1981, Van Halen lead guitarist Eddie Van Halen married
actress Valerie Bertinelli in Los Angeles.

In 1984, at a concert in Atlanta, Adam Ant found his onstage
diving pool filled with goldfish. The prank was pulled by his
opening act The Romantics to celebrate the end of the tour.

In 1988, the best original song Oscar went to "(I've Had) The
Time of My Life" from the movie "Dirty Dancing."

Also in 1988, Roy Acuff was inducted into the Broadcasting
Hall of Fame by the National Association of Broadcasters.

In 1994, the TV tabloid show "Hard Copy" reported that no
criminal charges would be filed against Michael Jackson
because the teenager who accused the pop star of molesting
him refused to testify. Authorities denied this was the

Also in 1994, the coroner in Seattle confirmed that Kurt
Cobain's death was a suicide.
In 1995, Michael Jackson took wife Lisa Marie Presley and
her two children on an outing to Six Flags Magic Mountain

TODAY'S MUSICAL QUIZ: What's Marilyn Manson's real name?
ANSWER: Brian Hugh Warner. His stage name is derived from
Marilyn Monroe and Charles Manson, whom the rocker considers
to be the most popular personalities of the 1960s.

By Penny Nelson (UPI) Copyright 2000 by United Press
International. All rights reserved.

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 131 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Tue, Apr 11, 2000 (16:28) * 37 lines 
Reuters Today in History for April 11
LONDON (Reuters) - Here are some notable events from this date in history:
1514 - Donato Bramante, Italian architect, died; the last 15 years of his life
were spent working for Popes Alexander VI and Julius II.
1689 - William III of Orange and Mary II were crowned joint monarchs of Great
1755 - James Parkinson, British physician who discovered Parkinson's
disease, born.
1814 - Napoleon abdicated and was banished to the Isle of Elba under the
Treaty of Fontainebleau; Louis XVIII acceeded to the throne.
1819 - Sir Charles Halle, German pianist and conductor, born. He settled in
Manchester after being driven to England by the 1848 Revolution and in 1858
founded the famous Halle Orchestra.
1884 - Charles Reade, English novelist, notably ``The Cloister and the
Hearth,'' died.
1893 - Dean Acheson, U.S. politician and secretary of state from 1949-1953,
born. He helped to formulate the Truman Doctrine and the Marshall Plan and
promoted the creation of NATO.
1906 - James Anthony Bailey, U.S. circus owner, and half of the Barnum and
Bailey partnership, died.
1926 - Luther Burbank, American botanist and plant breeder, died. He
developed the Burbank potato as well as new fruits and flowers.
1951 - President Truman dismissed General Douglas MacArthur from all his
posts including that of United Nations Forces Commander in Korea for
making critical political statements.
1951 - The Stone of Scone was recovered after a 107-day hunt after it had
been stolen from Westminster Abbey by Scottish Nationalists who wanted it
returned to Scotland.
1961 - Former SS Officer Adolf Eichmann's trial began in Jerusalem for his
part in war crimes against Jews during World War Two.
1961 - Bob Dylan makes his New York City debut playing Gerde's Folk City.
1970 - The U.S. spacecraft Apollo 13 was launched on its ill-fated journey to
the moon. Forced to turn back due to an on-board explosion, it splashed
down safely on the 17th.
1982 - British explorer Ranulph Fiennes with Charles Burton became the first
explorers to complete a circumnavigation of the Earth via the Poles when they
reached the North Pole.

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 132 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Wed, Apr 12, 2000 (11:14) * 50 lines 
Know Your History for April 12:
** This is Rock Around the Clock Day (and Night)!
Bill Haley and His Comets recorded "Rock Around the Clock" for Decca
Records on this day in 1954. The song was recorded at the Pythian
Temple, "a big, barnlike building with great echo," in New York City.
"Rock Around the Clock" was formally released a month later.
Most rock historians feel the tune, featured in the 1955 film
"Blackboard Jungle", ushered in the era of rock 'n' roll. It hit
number one on June 29, 1955 and stayed there for eight weeks,
remaining on the charts for a total of 24 weeks.
"Rock Around the Clock" was not Haley's first recording, however. He
had waxed three other songs, all for Decca: "Shake, Rattle and Roll",
"Dim, Dim the Lights", and "Mambo Rock". And, through 1974, Haley and
his group charted 14 hits, including, "See You Later, Alligator" from
1956. "Rock Around the Clock" was re-released in 1974. On its second
run it made it to number 30 on the pop charts.
Haley died of a heart attack in Harlingen, TX on February 9, 1981. He
was posthumously awarded the Grammy Hall of Fame Award in 1982 for
"Rock Around the Clock". The record has now sold over 22,000,000

** Events
1861 - Confederate troops attacked Fort Sumter (South Carolina) --
and the U.S. Civil War began.
1984 - Challenger astronauts made the first satellite repair in orbit
by returning a healthy Solar Max satellite to space. The orbiting sun
watcher had been circling the Earth for three years with all circuits
dead before repairs were made.
1987 - Larry Mize, 28, hit a miracle shot -- a 140-foot chip -- to
win the Masters golf title in Augusta, GA. Mize defeated Greg Norman
and Severiano Ballesteros in a playoff.

** Birthdays
1777 - Henry Clay ('The Great Pacificator': U.S. Secretary of State
under John Quincy Adams; three time unsuccessful candidate for
president of U.S.: "I would rather be right than president.")
1946 - Ed O'Neill (actor: Married......with Children, Little Giants,
Wayne's World, Deliverance)
1971 - Shannen Doherty (actress: Beverly Hills 90210, Our House,
Little House on the Prairie, Night Shift, Heathers)
1979 - Claire Danes (actress: How to Make an American Quilt, Home for
the Holidays, Little Women, My So Called Life, Law & Order)

** Chart Toppers
Love Will Lead You Back - Taylor Dayne
I'll Be Your Everything - Tommy Page
All Around the World - Lisa Stansfield
Hard Rock Bottom of Your Heart - Randy Travis

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 133 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Wed, Apr 12, 2000 (11:19) * 36 lines 
Time capsule for April 12
In 1945, President Roosevelt died at Warm Springs, Ga. About
three hours later, Vice President Harry Truman was sworn in as
chief executive.

In 1981, the first U.S. space shuttle flight was launched.

In 1990, under pressure from environmentalists, three top U.S.
tuna canneries -- H.J. Heinz, Van Camp and Bumblebee -- announced
"dolphin-safe" tuna-catching practices.

In 1992, the European Community announced that a cease-fire
accord had been reached in Europe's newest nation of Bosnia-
Herzegovina, a former Yugoslav republic. The truce did not last.

In 1993, NATO warplanes began enforcing a no-fly zone over
embattled Bosnia-Herzegovina, marking the first time the
alliance's forces were used outside its traditional defense area.

In 1994, Israel and the PLO agreed that 9,000 Palestinian
police would be stationed in Jericho and the Gaza Strip after
the Israeli military withdrawal.

In 1996, President Clinton named trade representative Mickey
Kantor to succeed the late Ron Brown as secretary of commerce.

In 1999, a federal judge in Little Rock, Ark., found President
Clinton in contempt of court for lying during his sworn
deposition in Jan. 1998, when he had testified that he had not
had sexual relations with former White House intern Monica
Lewinsky. Clinton - who was fined $1,202, the cost of the judge's
trip to Washington to preside over the deposition - was the first
sitting president ever to be held in contempt of court.
Also in 1999, the Clintons' Whitewater partner, Susan McDougal,
was acquitted of obstruction of justice.

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 134 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Wed, Apr 12, 2000 (11:38) * 58 lines 
Music History for April 12
Today's birthdays include:
Tiny Tim, whose real name was Herbert Khaury, who was born in 1922, or maybe 1930 or 1933
Herbie Hancock in 1940 (age 60)
John Kay of Steppenwolf in 1944 (age 56)
David Cassidy in 1950 (age 50)
Pat Travers in 1954 (age 46)
Alexander Briley of the Village People in 1956 (age 44)
Country singer Vince Gill in 1957 (age 43)
Echo and the Bunnymen guitarist Will Sergeant in 1958 (age 42)

In 1954, Bill Haley and the Comets recorded "Rock Around The
In 1966, Jan Berry of Jan and Dean fame was severely injured
when his Corvette crashed into a truck in Los Angeles.
In 1978, Aretha Franklin married actor Glynn Turman. Her
father, the Rev. C.L. Franklin, officiated at the ceremony.
In 1987, a rock record-smashing at a Dallas church turned
into a confrontation when rock music fans started shouting
"Jesus loves rock 'n' roll."
In 1992, singer/songwriter Don Henley was joined by other
celebrities and 6,000 people on a six-mile "Walk for Walden
Woods" to save the area in Concord, Mass., from commercial
In 1993, Pink Floyd's "Dark Side of the Moon" album was back
on the charts after Capitol Records released the 20th
anniversary limited edition CD.
In 1994, Entertainment Weekly quoted music industry sources
saying Barbra Streisand would get up to 90 percent of the
$45 million in ticket sales for her first concert tour in
28 years.
In 1994, Chicago artist Dwight Kalb carved a 180-lb. ham
into a statue of Madonna, to be sent to David Letterman.
Also in 1994, a British-born Michael Jackson fan, Denise
Pfeiffer, was charged with making obscene calls to the
father of the boy who accused the pop star of molesting him.
In 1996, surf-rock groups the Ventures, Jan and Dean, the
Surfaris and the Chantays were honored at the Hollywood Rock
Also in 1996, Jamaican pop singer Shaggy was slightly hurt
-- and six other musicians injured, three seriously -- when
a light panel fell on them during rehearsal for a concert in
Poznan, Poland.
In 1997, the Fugees performed a benefit concert in Port-au-
Prince in their homeland of Haiti.
In 1999, a judge in Fort Lauderdale, Fla., gave Bobby Brown
a 90-day suspended sentence for showing up drunk to serve
his jail time for a 1996 one-car accident that allegedly
occurred when he was "under the influence."
TODAY'S MUSICAL QUIZ: What was the original name of the Fugees?
ANSWER: The group first called itself the Tranzlator Crew
but changed its name to the Fugees when a long-forgotten
1980s New Wave act called Translator objected.

By Penny Nelson (UPI) Copyright 2000 by United Press
International. All rights reserved.

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 135 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Thu, Apr 13, 2000 (18:57) * 61 lines 
Know Your History for April 13:

** This is Scrabble Day!
For all of you who can spend hour, upon hour, trying to use up all of
your letters for the fifty-point bonus while on a triple word score,
this day is yours to celebrate. You'll be celebrating Alfred Butts'
birthday. Alfred was born on this day in 1899. He grew up to become
an architect, but lost his job during the Depression. While he wiled
away the hours of unemployment, he invented a crossword puzzle
word-game. He and his friends had a good time playing the game, but
that's as far as it went ... until one fateful day in 1952. Butts and
friends were at a resort (he survived the Depression) and, as fate
would have it, a Macy's department store executive saw them playing
their game. The executive took the game back to Macy's where it
became a successful sales item.
It wasn't long before the game makers of Selchow & Righter caught
wind of the habit-forming board game. They offered Butts three cents
for every set they manufactured. Butts accepted and Scrabble went on
the assembly line. Thirty-five laborers made Scrabble sets by the
thousands ... six-thousand sets were coming off the line every week.
Scrabble is still the best-selling board game other than Monopoly.
Now you can even play it on your computer.
Of his three-cents worth, Butts said, "One third went to taxes. I
gave one third away, and the other third enabled me to have an
enjoyable life."
Thank you, Alfred Butts, for many, many hours of enjoyment. We just
wish you had made more 'U' tiles to go with those dastardly 'Qs'.

** Events
1796 - The first known elephant (like, how would one NOT know it was
an elephant?) to arrive in the United States, came to America. The
elephant was from Bengal, India and entered the U.S.A. through New
York City.
1984 - The Montreal Expos welcomed Pete Rose to the team and he
repaid the Expos' faithful with a double against his former
teammates, the Philadelphia Phillies. It was Rose's 4,000th career
hit. He is the only National League player to reach this milestone
since Ty Cobb got 4,109 total hits with American League teams,
Detroit and Philadelphia.
1985 - "The Grand Ole Opry", a radio staple from Nashville for 60
years, came to TV. The Nashville Network presented the country music
jamboree to some 22-million homes across the U.S.
1986 - Jack Nicklaus won his sixth Masters green jacket with a 9-under-par 279.

** Birthdays
1743 - Thomas Jefferson (3rd U.S. President [1801-1809]; married to
Martha Skelton [one son, five daughters]; nickname: Man of the People
[passed away July 4, 1826])
1963 - Garry Kasparov (World Chess Champion: international grand master)
1963 - Jane Leeves (actress: Frasier, Throb, Miracle on 34th Street, Mr. Write)
1970 - Rick Schroder (actor: Crimson Tide, Texas, Lonesome Dove,
Hansel and Gretel, Earthling, The Champ, Silver Spoons)

** Chart Toppers - 1991
I've Been Thinking About You - Londonbeat
You're in Love - Wilson Phillips
Hold You Tight - Tara Kemp
Down Home - Alabama

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 136 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Thu, Apr 13, 2000 (19:18) * 62 lines 
Time capsule - April 13, 2000

In 1964, Sidney Poitier became the first black man to win an
Oscar for best actor. He was honored for his work in the film
"Lilies of the Field."

In 1965, Lawrence Bradford Jr., a 16-year-old from New York
City, started work as the first black page ever to serve in
either chamber of Congress.

In 1984, Christopher Wilder, the FBI's "most wanted man,"
accidentally killed himself as police moved in to arrest him
in New Hampshire. Wilder was a suspect in the deaths, rapes
and disappearances of 11 young women in eight states.

In 1990, Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev gave Lithuania a
two-day ultimatum, threatening to cut off some supplies to the
Baltic republic if it does not rescind laws passed since a
March 11 declaration of independence.

In 1991, an advance team of U.N. observers arrived in Kuwait
City to set up a peacekeeping force along the Kuwait-Iraqi

In 1992, construction workers breeched a retaining wall in the
Chicago River, sending millions of gallons of water flooding
through an underground freight tunnel system that connected
buildings in the downtown business district. The greater Loop
area was evacuated as electricity was cut off ahead of the
rising water in building basements. Efforts to plug the leak
in the river finally succeeded.

Also in 1992, Princess Anne, daughter of Britain's Queen
Elizabeth II, began divorce proceedings after a two-year
separation from Capt. Mark Phillips.

In 1994, five Israelis were killed and another 30 wounded in
a suicide bombing in a bus station in Hadera.

In 1995, Rep. Robert Dornan, R-Calif., announced his candidacy
for the GOP presidential nomination.

In 1997, Tiger Woods, 21, won the Masters Tournament. He was
the youngest Masters champion and the first African-American
to win any of the four major professional golf tournaments for men.
Also in 1997, Indian Prime Minister H.D. Deve Gowda resigned.

+------------------ Birthday's ------------------+
Frank Woolworth, founder of the five-and-dime stores, in 1852
Alfred Butts, inventor of the game "Scrabble," in 1899
Irish playwright Samuel Beckett in 1906; Harold Stassen, former
Minnesota governor who sought the Republican presidential
nomination seven times, in 1907
Author Eudora Welty in 1909 (age 91)
Actor/singer Howard Keel in 1917 (age 83)
Actors Lyle Waggoner in 1935 (age 65), Paul Sorvino in 1939
(age 61) and Tony Dow (Wally on "Leave It To Beaver") in 1945(age 55)
Singer Al Green in 1946 (age 54)
Actors Ron Perlman ("Beauty and the Beast") in 1950 (age 50)
and Rick Schroeder ("NYPD Blue") in 1970 (age 30)

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 137 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Fri, Apr 14, 2000 (13:53) * 0 lines 

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 138 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Fri, Apr 14, 2000 (14:27) * 66 lines 
Time Capsules - April 14, 2000

In 1861, the flag of the Confederacy was raised over Fort
Sumter, S.C., as Union troops there surrendered in the early
days of the Civil War.

In 1983, President Reagan denied he was trying to overthrow
the leftist Nicaraguan government.

On this date in 1986, U.S. warplanes bombed Libya in the biggest
U.S. air strike since the Vietnam War. Libya claimed 40 people
were killed, including a young daughter of Muammar Gaddafi. The
attack had come in retaliation for the bombing of a West Berlin
disco nine days earlier that had killed two U.S. servicemen.
The United States blamed Libya for the bombing. Nearly two years
later, West German authorities arrested a young woman in
connection with the bombing and said it may have been the work
of Syrian agents.

In 1991, U.S. troops began withdrawing from southern Iraq into
buffer zones.

Also in 1991, in a short-lived art theft, 20 major paintings
by Van Gogh were stolen from an Amsterdam museum by two gunmen.
They were abandoned 35 minutes later.

In 1992, a federal appeals court in New York ruled that hotel
magnate Leona Helmsley, 71, must go to prison for tax evasion.

In 1993, 12 top former Communist officials went on trial charged
with treason in the August 1991 coup attempt that hastened the
fall of the Soviet Union. Two days later, the trial was adjourned
indefinitely because of the illness of one defendant.

Also in 1993, violence raged throughout South Africa as
hundreds of thousands of blacks protested the slaying of
popular Communist Party chief Chris Hani.

In 1994, executives representing seven major tobacco companies
told a House subcommittee that they did not believe cigarettes
were addictive.

Also in 1994, in what was called a tragic mistake, two U.S.
warplanes shot down two U.S. Army helicopters in northern
Iraq's so-called "no fly" zone. All 26 aboard, including 15
Americans, were killed.

In 1997, Attorney General Janet Reno declined to appoint an
independent counsel to investigate whether President Clinton's
1996 re-election campaign raised funds improperly.

Also in 1997, James McDougal, once a partner with then-Gov.
Bill Clinton in the Whitewater Development Corp., was sentenced
to three years in prison after being convicted of seeking to
enrich himself with fradulent loans.

And in 1997, comedian Ellen DeGeneres revealed she was a lesbian
in an interview with Time magazine.

In 1998, eight members of the Republic of Texas separatist group
were convicted on fraud charges in a federal court in Dallas.

In 1999, former Vice President Dan Quayle announced he would
seek the Republican presidential nomination.

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 139 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Fri, Apr 14, 2000 (14:45) * 36 lines 
Reuters Today in History for April 14
LONDON (Reuters) - Here are some notable events from this date in history:
1629 - Christiaan Huyghens, Dutch scientist and astronomer, born. He
discovered the rings round Saturn and was the first to use a pendulum to
regulate a clock.
1759 - Georg Frideric Handel, organist, violinist and composer, died. Among
his best known oratorios are ``Saul,'' ``Israel in Egypt'' and the ``Messiah.''
1861 - In the American Civil War, the battle of Fort Sumter ended when Major
Anderson and 76 men left after the Confederates under Beuaregard
bombarded the fort with 4,000 shells.
1865 - Abraham Lincoln, 16th president of the United States, was shot by
John Wilkes Booth while watching a play at Ford's Theater and died the next
day. Andrew Johnson became president.
1890 - The Pan American Union was founded by the First International
Conference of American States at their meeting in Washington.
1900 - French President Emile Loubet opened the Paris International
Exhibition; it covered 547 acres and was the biggest of its kind in European
1904 - Sir John Gielgud, British classical actor, born. He made his debut in
1921 and won an Oscar for his appearance in the 1981 Hollywood film
``Arthur'' playing a butler.
1907 - Francois ``Papa Doc'' Duvalier, Haitian president from 1957 until his
death in 1971, born.
1917 - Ludovik Lazarus Zamenhof, creator of the language of Esperanto, died.
1935 - Country singer Loretta Lynn born.
1975 - Frederic March, U.S. actor and film star who won an Oscar for ``Dr.
Jekyll and Mr. Hyde'' and ``The Best Years of Our Lives,'' died.
1981 - NASA's space shuttle Columbia made a perfect landing at Edwards
Air Force Base on its maiden flight.
1986 - Simone De Beauvoir, French writer whose ``The Second Sex'' was an
early inspiration to the feminist movement, died.
1995 - Burl Ives, Oscar-winning actor and singer whose gentle voice helped
popularise American folk music, died. He played powerful dramatic roles in
movies including ``The Big Country,'' for which he won an Acadamy Award for
best supporting actor, and ``Cat on a Hot Tin Roof.''

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 140 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Fri, Apr 14, 2000 (14:51) * 81 lines 
Know your History - April 14

** This is First Lady of the American Screen Day!
What a night this was back in 1969! All the egos and glamour of
Hollywood were gathered together in one place for the annual Academy
Awards presentation. All in the theatre and those watching the
extravaganza on television could feel the electricity in the air as
the envelope, announcing the Best Actress Award, was opened.
It was the 11th nomination for Katharine Hepburn, an academy record!
And, the Oscar goes to ... For the first time in the history of the
Academy Awards, a tie resulted in two stars sharing the Best Actress
Oscar. Barbra Streisand for her performance in "Funny Girl" had
reached the top, only to share the honor with the 'First Lady of the
American Screen', Katharine Hepburn for her starring role in "The
Lion in Winter".
Hepburn also broke the record that night as the only actress to win
three Best Actress Oscars. "Guess Who's Coming To Dinner" awarded the
previous year and "Morning Glory" [1932-33] were the other films. She
was also only the third person to win two years in a row. Hepburn
added a twelfth nomination and a fourth Oscar in 1981 for her
performance in "On Golden Pond" with co-star Henry Fonda. She earned
three of these awards after her sixtieth birthday.
There's an old saying that goes something like this, "He who laughs
last, laughs best." Not all of Katharine Hepburn's peers were
admirers. After completing her first film ("A Bill of Divorcement")
in 1932, she told her lecherous, co-star John Barrymore that she
would never act with him again. His reply, "Really, my dear? I didn't
know you ever had." Hepburn, who had made her stage debut on Broadway
in 1928, was reviewed by columnist Dorothy Parker for a 1933
performance as "running the gamut of emotions from A to B." And, in
1938 she was labeled "box-office poison." Obviously Hepburn has had
the last laugh.
Her most memorable performances include "Bringing Up Baby" and "The
Philadelphia Story" opposite Cary Grant; "Woman of the Year", "Adam's
Rib", "Pat and Mike" with co-star and significant other, Spencer
Tracy; "The African Queen" with Humphrey Bogart and "Suddenly Last
Summer" opposite Montgomery Clift. "Long Day's Journey into Night"
earned her a 1962 Cannes Film Festival Best Actress award.
From Broadway to Hollywood to television ... 1975 Emmy for
Outstanding Lead Actress in her ABC Theatre performance, opposite
Laurence Olivier, in "Love Among the Ruins" ... to literature ... two
best-sellers, "The Making of "The African Queen" or How I Went to
Africa with Bogart, Bacall and Huston and Almost Lost My Mind" and
her autobiography, "Me", Katharine Hepburn remains a star, the idol
of independent, talented young women in their search for fame and

** Events
1865 - John Wilkes Booth, a well-known actor, was permitted upstairs
at Ford's Theatre. Thus, he gained access to U.S. President Abraham
Lincoln's private theatre box as Lincoln watched the performance of
"Our American Cousin". It was just after 10 p.m. when Booth, a
Confederate sympathizer, shot Lincoln in the head. After shooting the
President, Booth leaped to the stage below, shouting, "Sic semper
tyrannis!" ("Thus always to tyrants!", the state motto of Virginia.)
He broke his leg in the fall but managed to escape the theatre (which
was in Washington, D.C.), mount a horse, and flee to Virginia. Booth
was hunted down and shot as he hid in a barn near Port Royal,
Virginia. Lincoln died at 7:22 a.m. the next day.
1985 - Bernhard Langer shot a 282 and won the Masters golf
tournament. It was the West German's first official year as a member
of the PGA Tour.
1985 - The once-notorious Lexington Hotel in Chicago received a
visitor, in the person of Geraldo Rivera, along with a camera crew. A
record audience watched as the long-sealed vault of racketeer, Al
Capone was opened during a much-hyped TV special. Guess what? All
that Geraldo found were broken bottles and no trace that Capone and
his gang had ever stashed anything there.

** Birthdays
1866 - Anne Sullivan ('The Miracle Worker': famous for teaching the
blind and deaf Helen Keller to read, write and speak)
1889 - Arnold Toynbee (historian, author: Study of History)
1932 - Anthony Perkins (actor: Psycho, A Demon in My View, Daughter
of Darkness, Murder on the Orient Express, Green Mansions)

** Chart Toppers - 1984
Footloose - Kenny Loggins
Against All Odds (Take a Look at Me Now) - Phil Collins
Hello - Lionel Richie
Thank God for the Radio - The Kendalls

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 141 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Sun, Apr 16, 2000 (01:36) * 75 lines 
Music History for April 14, 2000

Today's birthdays include:
Singer/songwriter Buddy Knox, who was born in 1933
Country's Loretta Lynn in 1935 (age 65)
Tony Burrows, lead singer with Edison Lighthouse as well as with White Plains, in 1942 (age 58)
Ritchie Blackmore, of Deep Purple and of Rainbow, in 1945 (age 55)
Hot Chocolate keyboardist Larry Ferguson in 1948 (age 52)
Kenny Aaronson and Raydio's Jerry Knight, both in 1952 (age 48)

In 1965, the title of the Beatles' upcoming second movie was
changed from "Eight Arms to Hold You" to "Help!"
In 1970, Steven Stills broke his wrist in a car accident in
Los Angeles.
In 1972, "Starman" -- the first single from David Bowie's
"Ziggy Stardust" album -- was released.
In 1974, Pete Townshend made his solo performing debut at
the Roundhouse in London, accompanied by tapes recorded in
his home studio.
In 1980, "The Touring Principle" by Gary Numan was released.
It was the first rock videocassette offered for sale to the general public.
In 1983, former Pretenders bassist Pete Farndon died from a
heart attack at the age of 30. His death followed that in
1982 of band mate James Honeyman-Scott, who'd died from a drug overdose.
Also in 1983, Stevie Wonder re-signed with Motown Records.
In 1984, Phil Ramone married singer Karen Kamon in New York.
Quincy Jones was his best man.
In 1987, Whitney Houston broke the record for consecutive
no. 1 singles with seven -- the seventh being "Where Do
Broken Hearts Go."
Also in 1987, "Tango in the Night" was Fleetwood Mac's first
album in five years.
In 1987, Mickey Gilley sued to dissolve his ties with the
Pasadena, Texas, nightclub bearing his name.
In 1992, a University of Massachusetts music professor
retracted charges that the New Kids on the Block had pulled
a "Milli Vanilli" -- lip-synching during concerts and on albums.
In 1993, Vanessa Williams gave birth to a boy, her third
child and first son for her and her husband/manager Ramon Hervey.
In 1994, the King County, Wash., medical examiner said Kurt
Cobain had been dead three days when his body was found.
The doctor also said the Nirvana lead singer had taken
heroin and valium the day he shot himself.
Also in 1994, Los Angeles prosecutors said the child
molestation investigation of Michael Jackson was nearing an
end, and that a decision on whether to file charges would
be announced by the end of the month. No charges were ever filed.
In 1994, Billy Joel and model Christy Brinkley announced
they were splitting up after nine years of marriage.
In 1995, the family and business associates of the late Eric
"Eazy-E" Wright asked a judge to settle their fight over the
ownership of Wright's Ruthless Records.
Also in 1995, Burl Ives died following a long battle with
cancer. He was 85.
In 1996, actor Steven Seagal jammed onstage at a Beverly
Hills, Calif., nightclub with Joe Walsh, Yes's Trevor Rabin
and Chris Squire, CCR's John Fogerty and Brian Setzer --
among others.
In 1997, Ringo Starr made his debut as host of a five-nights
-a-week series on VH1 titled "Classic Albums."
In 1998, Mariah Carey, Celine Dion, Aretha Franklin, Gloria
Estefan and country's Shania Twain performed at a special
benefit concert for "VH1 Save The Music."
TODAY'S MUSICAL QUIZ: What sport did Billy Joel participate
in as a teenager?
ANSWER: Boxing. As a Long Island, N.Y. teen, he was a local
welterweight boxing champion.

By Penny Nelson (UPI) Copyright 2000 by United Press
International. All rights reserved.

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 142 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Sun, Apr 16, 2000 (19:19) * 33 lines 
Reuters Today in History for April 16
LONDON (Reuters) - Here are some notable events from this date in history:
1828 - Francisco de Goya, Spanish painter, died. From 1824 until his death
he lived in voluntary exile in France.
1850 - Marie Tussaud, Swiss founder of the famous waxwork museum in
London, died.
1889 - Charlie Chaplin, pioneering film actor and director, born in London. His
many films included ``The Kid,'' ``Gold Rush,'' ``Modern Times'' and ``The
Great Dictator'' (1940), in which he spoke for the first time.
1912 - U.S. pilot Harriet Quimby became the first woman to fly the English
1921 - Peter Ustinov, British actor, writer, wit and Oscar winner, born. Known
for his film work but also as a raconteur and goodwill ambassador for UNICEF
1930 - Legendary flutist Herbie Mann born.
1939 - Pop singer Dusty Springfield born.
1947 - NBC television in the United States demonstrated the first zoom lens,
the Zoomar, in New York. It had been invented by Dr. Frank Back.
1964 - Nine men received sentences of between 25 and 30 years for their part
in Britain's 1963 ``Great Train Robbery.''
1972 - The Apollo 16 moon mission blasted off; its crew made the fifth
manned moon landing.
1991 - Sir David Lean, British film director, died. His films included ``The
Bridge on The River Kwai,'' ``Lawrence of Arabia'' and ``A Passage to India.''
1994 - Ralph Ellison, author of ``Invisible Man,'' a searing novel about black
life in America, died.
1995 - - Actor Marlon Brando's daughter Cheyenne hanged erself at her
home on the South Pacific island of Tahiti in French Polynesia. She was 25.
1996 - Queen Elizabeth's second son Prince Andrew and his controversial
wife Sarah, popularly known as Fergie, announced they were to divorce after
10 years of marriage.
1998 - Alberto Calderon, considered one of the century's most influential
mathematicians, died.

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 143 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Mon, Apr 17, 2000 (12:11) * 64 lines 
This just arrived today...
History for April 15
** Today is Unsinkable? Day!
The 'unsinkable' luxury liner, "Titanic", sank at 2:27a.m. on this
day in 1912. The largest passenger vessel in the world went under off
the coast of Newfoundland two and one-half hours after striking an
iceberg on its maiden voyage from Southampton, England to New York
City. A young David Sarnoff, later of RCA and NBC, relayed telegraph
messages to advise relatives on both sides of the Atlantic Ocean of
the 700+ survivors. 1,517 lives were lost at sea. One account claimed
that lifeboats weren't operable and those that were, quickly filled
with male passengers and crew members, instead of the traditional
women and children first. Reports indicate that the captain of the
Titanic, most of the crew and the ship's orchestra remained on board
as the huge luxury liner slid into the icy Atlantic. Still another
report, from a survivor, indicated that as the great ship was going
down to a watery grave, the orchestra played "Nearer My God to Thee".
Many movies and documentaries about the monumental disaster have been
filmed over the years. However, none had the exacting data gleaned by
scientists from the 1986 expedition aboard "Atlantis II". Dr. Robert
Ballard headed a crew and a robot named Jason in a descent to the
deck of the "Titanic" aboard "Alvin", a submersible craft. They
returned with information and photos that challenged and verified
stories from the past. After years of studying the facts, the 1997
Academy Award-winning film, "Titanic", recreated the ship to the
tiniest detail including the design on the elegant china. Although
the film's love story is fictitious, the true tragedy of the Titanic
can now be seen by the world some eight decades later.

** Events
1865 - Abraham Lincoln, 16th President of the United States of
America, died at 7:22 a.m. Lincoln had been shot in the back of the
head the previous evening while attending a performance of "Our
American Cousin" at Ford's Theatre in Washington, D.C. The assassin,
John Wilkes Booth, escaped, only to be hunted down and shot to death.
Lincoln was carried to a boarding house across the street from the
theatre. He never regained consciousness.
1923 - Insulin became available for general use on this day. It was
first discovered in 1922. Today, insulin is used daily in the
treatment of diabetes. It is extracted from the pancreas of sheep,
oxen and by other means, including synthesization in the laboratory.
Insulin, a natural and vital hormone for carbohydrate metabolism in
the body, is manufactured by the pancreas. An overabundance of
insulin causes insulin shock and leads to a variety of symptoms,
including coma.
1947 - Jackie Robinson played his first major-league baseball game
(he had played exhibition games previously) for the Brooklyn Dodgers.
He went 0-for-4 against Boston. Robinson did get on base due to an
error and scored the winning run in a 5-3 win for the Dodgers.

** Birthdays
1452 - Leonardo da Vinci (artist: Mona Lisa, The Last Supper, The
Virgin of the Rocks, The Virgin and Child with Saint Anne)
1957 - Evelyn Ashford (track athlete: 4-time Olympic gold medalist, a
shared record for most gold medals won by a woman: 100 meters [1984],
4 x 100m relay [1984, 1988, 1992])

** Chart Toppers - 1985
We are the World - USA for Africa
Crazy for You - Madonna
Nightshift - Commodores
Honor Bound - Earl Thomas Conley

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 144 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Mon, Apr 17, 2000 (12:15) * 35 lines 
Reuters Today in History for April 17
LONDON (Reuters) - Here are some notable events from this date in history:
1421 - The sea broke through the dykes at Dort, in the Netherlands, drowning
more than 100,000 people.
1492 - Christopher Columbus received a commission from the Spanish
monarchy to explore the seas to the west of Europe.
1521 - Cardinal Girolamo Aleander, the papal nuncio, cross-examined Martin
Luther at the Diet of Worms over his beliefs and views on the Catholic
1790 - Benjamin Franklin, U.S. scientist and statesman, died. He helped
frame the American Declaration of Independence.
1894 - Nikita Khrushchev born. Soviet leader from 1958 until 1964, he
launched his de-Stalinization campaign in 1956.
1960 - America rock star Eddie Cochran died in a car crash while on tour with
Gene Vincent in Britain.
1961 - An attempt to invade Cuba by U.S.-backed right-wing Cuban exiles
failed at the Bay of Pigs. After the three-day battle, 100 were killed and over
1,000 captured.
1969 - Alexander Dubcek resigned as Czechoslovak Communist party leader
and was replaced by Gustav Husak.
1969 - Sirhan B. Sirhan was found guilty of the first-degree murder of Robert
F. Kennedy, who was gunned downwhile campaigning for president in
California in June 1968.
1970 - The U.S. spacecraft Apollo 13 splashed down after its near disastrous
trip to the moon.
1975 - Khmer Rouge guerrillas seized Phnom Penh and began a reign of
terror in which more than one million people died.
1986 - British journalist John McCarthy was kidnapped in Beirut; he was held
until August 8, 1991, by guerrillas of the Islamic Jihad.
1989 - The Polish trade union Solidarity was legalized after a seven-year ban.
1997 - Former President Chaim Herzog, who defended Israel on the
battlefield, chronicled its history and championed its cause at the United
Nations, died. He was 78.
1998 - Linda McCartney, photographer and wife of former Beatle Paul, died
from cancer.

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 145 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Mon, Apr 17, 2000 (12:27) * 42 lines 
Know Your History for April 17:
** Today is It's a Lo-o-ong War Day!
We are all aware of short wars like 3-day, 7-day, and 3-month wars,
but have you ever heard of a 335-year war? Today is the anniversary
of the day such a war officially ended.
In the year 1651, a war began between the Isles of Scilly and the
Netherlands. No one seems to know or care what started the war. What
seems to be more important is that, although the actual fighting
ended in the 17th century, no one had ever officially declared an end
to the war until this day in 1986. It was then that the Netherlands
ambassador to the Isles of Scilly, Jonkheer Huydecoper, flew to the
islands delivering a proclamation that terminated the war.
We'd say that 335 years is a lo-o-ong time to hold a grudge

** Events
1629 - Horses were first imported into the colonies by the
Massachusetts Bay Colony on this day.
1971 - "Joy to the World", by Three Dog Night, made it to the top of
the pop music charts. The song was number one for six weeks. Now
that's a hit!
1985 - The U.S. Postal Service unveiled its new 22-cent "LOVE" stamp.
In a clever promotion, the USPS used the set of ABC-TV's "The Love
Boat" as a backdrop. The stamp went on to become one of the most
popular ever offered by the postal service.

** Birthdays
1837 - J.P. (John Pierpoint) Morgan (financier)
1894 - Nikita Khrushchev (U.S.S.R. premier [1958-1964])
1897 - Thornton Wilder (Pulitzer Prize-winning novelist: The Bridge of
San Luis Rey [1928] and playwright: Our Town [1938], The Skin of Our
Teeth [1943])
1961 - Boomer (Norman) Esiason (football: quarterback: NY Jets,
Cincinnati Bengals [Super Bowl XXIII])
1967 - Liz Phair (singer, songwriter: LP: Exile in Guyville)

** Chart Toppers - 1987
Nothing's Gonna Stop Us Now - Starship
I Knew You Were Waiting (For Me) - Aretha Franklin & George Michael
Don't Dream It's Over - Crowded House
"You've Got" the Touch - Alabama

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 146 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Tue, Apr 18, 2000 (14:01) * 68 lines 
Know Your History for April 18:

**This is Midnight Ride Day!
At about 10 p.m. on this day in 1775, three men took to their horses
to ride from Boston to Concord, MA to warn the citizens of the
approaching British army. Most of us know of just one of those
riders, one Paul Revere. The famous poem, "Paul Revere's Ride" by
Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, glorified the Bostonian as the lone
rider. He was, in fact, accompanied by William Dawes and Samuel
We think it's time they should get some recognition too! After all,
it wasn't their fault that their partner in the midnight ride was
already well known, having been a member of the Sons of Liberty;
incited the British by publishing an engraving of the Boston
Massacre; carried messages for the Committees of Correspondence, an
underground organization; and having been a participant in the Boston
Tea Party.
Incidentally, only Prescott made it all the way to Concord. Revere
was nabbed by a British cavalry patrol near Lexington, MA (Dawes and
Prescott escaped). We're not sure what happened to Dawes but Revere
was released and returned to Lexington -- without his horse. There
was lots of running/riding around that night, but suffice to say,
when British forces arrived in Lexington, they found the minutemen
waiting for them.
In honor of this midnight ride, get out your Revereware and make a pot of tea.

** Events
1923 - Yankee Stadium opened in the Bronx, NY as the hometown team,
the NY Yankees, hosted the Boston Red Sox. A record crowd of 74,000
fans saw the action at the first three-level stadium in the U.S.
1974 - James Brown, the 'Godfather of Soul', received a gold record
this day for the single, "The Payback". Of the 44 hits that Brown
would put on the charts over three decades, he received only one
other gold record -- for "Get on the Good Foot - Part 1" in 1972. His
biggest pop hits include: "I Got You (I Feel Good)" at number three
in 1965, "Papa's Got a Brand New Bag" at number eight in 1965, "It's
a Man's Man's Man's World" at number eight in 1966, "I Got The
Feelin'" at number six in 1968 and "Living in America" at number four
in 1986. This song was featured in the Sylvester Stallone film,
"Rocky IV".
1981 - Tom Seaver of the Cincinnati Reds became the fifth pitcher in
the history of major-league baseball to earn 3,000 strikeouts in a
career. Seaver struck out Keith Hernandez for the historic 'K'. The
Cardinals, however, beat Tom Terrific, 10-4.

** Birthdays
1857 - Clarence Darrow (attorney: famous Scopes 'monkey trial') 1880
- Sam (Samuel Earl) Crawford ('Wahoo Sam': Baseball Hall of Famer:
Cincinnati Reds, Detroit Tigers [all-star: 1907, 1908, 1909]; holds
individual career record of 312 triples)
1956 - Eric Roberts (actor: Doctor Who, The Hard Truth, Fugitive Among
Us, A Family Matter, Descending Angel, To Heal a Nation, The Pope of
Greenwich Village, The Coca-Cola Kid, Star 80, Raggedy Man, King of
the Gypsies; brother of actress Julia Roberts)
1963 - Conan O'Brien (TV talk show host: Late Night with Conan
O'Brien; Emmy Award-winning writer: Saturday Night Live [1989]; The
Simpsons; producer: Lockwell; comedian: Not Necessarily the News)

** Chart Toppers
Get Outta My Dreams, Get Into My Car - Billy Ocean
Devil Inside - INXS
Where Do Broken Hearts Go - Whitney Houston
I Wanna Dance with You - Eddie Rabbitt

Copyright (c) 1995-2000 440 International, Inc.
Portions Copyright (c) 2000 Digital Demographics, Inc.

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 147 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Tue, Apr 18, 2000 (15:00) * 51 lines 
Time Capsule for April 18
In 1421, the sea broke the dikes at Dort, Holland, drowning
an estimated 100,000 people.

In 1961, a force of anti-Castro Cuban rebels began what was to
end as the ill-fated "Bay of Pigs" attempt to overthrow Cuba's
new communist government.

In 1964, Jerrie Mock of Columbus, Ohio, became the first woman
to complete a solo flight around the world.

Paul McCartney's first post-Beatles solo album, "McCartney",
was released on this date in 1970. The same day, he announced
the end of the Beatles.

In 1991, the Dow Jones industrial average closed above 3,000
for the first time, at 3004.46. Experts hailed it as forecasting
an end to the recession.

The "Bay of Pigs" invasion was launched on this date in 1961.
A force made up of more than 1,500 Cuban exiles invaded Cuba
in an ill-fated attempt to overthrow Cuba's new communist
government, headed by Fidel Castro. How much different history
might've been had Castro made the American baseball team for
which he tried out in the early 1950s.

A federal court jury on this date in 1993 convicted two Los
Angeles police officers of violating Rodney King's civil rights
in the black motorist's 1991 arrest and beating. Two other
officers were acquitted. A year earlier, a jury in Simi Valley,
Calif., had found the four officers not guilty of criminal
charges in the case -- a verdict which triggered rioting in LA
that spread to several other cities.

In 1997, House Speaker Newt Gingrich announced that former Sen.
Bob Dole, R-Kansas, would lend him the money to pay his fines
after the Georgia Republican admitting to using tax-exempt
donations for political activities.

+------------------ Birthdays ------------------+
American industrialist and financier J.P. Morgan in 1837
Danish author Baroness Karen Blixen ("Out of Africa"), who
wrote under the name Isak Dinesen, in 1885
Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev in 1894
Novelist and playwright Thornton Wilder in 1897
Actor William Holden in 1918
Television journalist Harry Reasoner in 1923
Music promoter Don Kirshner in 1934 (age 66)
Actress Olivia Hussey in 1951 (age 49)

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 148 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Tue, Apr 18, 2000 (15:30) * 46 lines 

Send Page
Tuesday - 15:55 04/18/2000, EST

Reuters Today in History for April 18
LONDON (Reuters) - Here are some notable events from this date in history:
1480 - Lucrezia Borgia, Italian noblewoman and illegitimate daughter of Pope
Alexander VI, born.
1504 - Filippino Lippi, early Renaissance painter and son of Fra Lippi, died.
Famed for his work in the Caraffa Chapel in Rome, his most popular picture is
``The Vision of St Bernard.''
1775 - Paul Revere rode from Charlestown to Lexington to warn the
Massachussetts colonists of the arrival of British troops at the start of the
War of American Independence.
1820 - Franz von Suppe, Austrian composer of light operas, born. His most
successful operettas include ``Leichte Kavallerie'' and ``Boccaccio.''
1847 - In the American-Mexican War, General Winfield Scott with 8,500 men
attacked and defeated General Santa Anna with 12,000 men at the battle of
1882 - Leopold Stokowski, orchestral conductor, born in London. Founder of
the American Symphony Orchestra, he made three films, including Walt
Disney's ``Fantasia,'' with the Philadelphia Orchestra.
1906 - An earthquake struck San Francisco. The quake and resulting fires
devastated the city, leaving over 200,000 people homeless and over 1,000
1909 - 15th-century French heroine Joan of Arc was beatified at a ceremony
at the Vatican.
1923 - Yankee Stadium, home of the New York Yankees baseball team, was
1934 - The first launderette, the ``Washateria,'' was opened at Fort Worth,
Texas, by J.F. Cantrell.
1936 - Ottorino Respighi, Italian composer, died. Best known for his
orchestral pieces including the ``Pines of Rome.''
1945 - Ernie Pyle, one of the most famous war correspondents of World War
II, was killed by Japanese machine-gun fire on the island of Ii Shima in the
Pacific. The 1945 film ``G.I. Joe'' was about his coverage of the Italian
1955 - Albert Einstein, German born scientist and mathematician, died. He
formulated the Theory of Relativity and won the Nobel Prize for Physics in
1968 - London Bridge was sold to American Robert McCullough for one
million pounds. It was later re-erected in Arizona.
1974 - The U.S. District Court conducting the Watergate proceedings issued
a supoena ordering President Richard Nixon to produce tape recordings and
other material demanded by the Special Prosecutor.

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 149 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Wed, Apr 19, 2000 (12:47) * 50 lines 
Today in Music History

Today's birthdays include:
Clarence "Gatermouth" Brown, who was born in 1924
Manfred Mann guitarist Mike Vickers in 1942 (age 58)
Lenny Baker of Sha Na Na, and Alexander "Skip" Spence of
Jefferson Airplane as well as Moby Grape, both in 1946 (age 54)
Les Pattinson, bassist with Echo and the Bunnymen, in 1958 (age 42)

In 1936, Gene Autry recorded "Back in the Saddle Again."

In 1981, Yes broke up when drummer Alan White and bassist
Chris Squire went into rehearsals with Led Zeppelin's Robert
Plant and Jimmy Page for a new group that never materialized.
Yes reunited in 1983.

In 1985, the first-ever Western pop album -- by Wham! -- was
released in China.

In 1988, the murder trial began in Kingston, Jamaica, in the
killing of reggae singer Peter Tosh.

In 1994, Mike Starr of Alice In Chains was sentenced to 30
days in a Houston jail after being convicted on drug
possession charges.

In 1995, Michael Jackson and his wife, Lisa Marie Presley,
hosted a three-day World Children's Congress at his Neverland
Ranch in California.

Also in 1995, a Los Angeles judge appointed an administrator
to manage Ruthless Records until a battle for control of the
label founded by the late Eric "Eazy-E" Wright was resolved.

In 1995, Pantera lead singer Phillip Anselmo apologized to
the security guard he hit on the head during a June 1994
concert in Dairan, N.Y.

In 1997, Tupac Shakur's mother sued Death Row Records,
claiming the label failed to pay royalties and also cheated
her rap-artist son out of millions of dollars. Shakur had
been gunned down by unknown assailants in September 1996.

In 1998, Bonnie Raitt kicked off the first leg of her
"Fundamental" tour in San Diego, Calif.

By Penny Nelson (UPI) Copyright 2000 by United Press
International. All rights reserved.

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 150 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Wed, Apr 19, 2000 (13:53) * 59 lines 
Know Your History for April 19:

**This is Marathon Day!
On this day in 1897, the first annual Boston Marathon -- the first of
its type in the United States -- was run. John J. McDermott of New
York City won.
This marathon attracts world-class, and some not so world-class,
runners from around the world. Previous runners who have claimed 1st
place in the 26-mile marathon through the streets of Boston include
Rosie Ruiz who, apparently, didn't run the race at all, but merely
joined in a short distance from the finish line and claimed first
place! Another participant supposedly took a taxi cab around the
course and waited until the right time to join in -- and won! The
prizes were, however, taken away from those who didn't run the Boston
Marathon fair and square.
A fine example of the tireless men and women who train to run in this
premier event is Shigeki Tanaka, a survivor of the Hiroshima atomic
bombing, who won the Boston Marathon in 1951.
Many thousands of runners participate in marathon races such as the
Boston Marathon, making these events colorful and exciting to
witness. Hundreds of thousands of spectators turn out to cheer the
runners in these grueling tests of strength and stamina.

** Events
1951 - General Douglas MacArthur spoke before Congress. The highlight
of this memorable address was General MacArthur stating, "Old
soldiers never die, they just fade away."
1993 - The Branch-Davidian's compound in Waco, Texas burned to the
ground. It was the anticlimax of a 51-day standoff between the
religious cult led by David Koresh and U.S. federal agents (Bureau of
Alcohol, Tobacco & Firearms). 86 perished including 17 children.
Koresh and his followers opted not to surrender themselves and the
children to the agents; exchanging gun fire, instead. Nine members of
the cult escaped.
1995 - The Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building in Oklahoma City, OK was
destroyed by a car-bombing with a bomb estimated at 5,000 pounds, the
worst bombing on U.S. soil. Timothy McVeigh was charged with the
terroristic murder of 169 people including 19 children and a nurse
injured in rescue efforts. On June 2, 1997, McVeigh was found guilty
on 11 different counts, including several first degree murder
convictions for the deaths of federal officers. Terry L. Nicholls, an
Army buddy of McVeigh, was also charged.

** Birthdays
1935 - Dudley Moore (actor: Arthur, Arthur 2, 10, Crazy People,
Parallel Lives, Bedazzled, The Hound of the Baskervilles)
1946 - Tim Curry (actor: Muppet Treasure Island, Home Alone 2: Lost in
New York, Oscar, Stephen King's It, The Hunt for Red October, Oliver
Twist, Annie, The Rocky Horror Picture Show, My Favorite Year,
Amadeus, Hair, Wiseguy, The Legend of Prince Valiant, voice of King
Chicken in cartoon: Duckman)

** Chart Toppers - 1989
She Drives Me Crazy - Fine Young Cannibals
Like a Prayer - Madonna
Funky Cold Medina - Tone Loc
I'm No Stranger to the Rain - Keith Whitley

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 151 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Wed, Apr 19, 2000 (16:30) * 34 lines 
Reuters Today in History for April 19
LONDON (Reuters) - Here are some notable events from this date in history:
1775 - At the beginning of the American War of Independence, the British
under Thomas Gage at Concord and Captain John Parker at Lexington were
defeated by the Americans and attacked on their return march to Boston.
1824 - English poet Lord Byron died of a fever while aiding Greek rebels
fighting the Turks.
1882 - Charles Darwin, English naturalist who developed the theory of
evolution expressed in ``The Origin of Species by Means of Natural
Selection,'' died.
1906 - Pierre Curie, French chemist and physicist, was run over and killed in
Paris. Together with his wife Marie, he worked on magnetism and
1927 - Actress Mae West was found guilty of indecent behaviour in her
Broadway production ``Sex.''
1933 - President Franklin D. Roosevelt issued a proclamation removing the
United States from the gold standard.
1943 - During World War Two, Polish Jews rose up and drove 2,000 German
troops from the Warsaw ghetto in what was to be a failed rebellion against the
1956 - Prince Rainier of Monaco married film actress Grace Kelly.
1966 - An advance party of 4,500 Australian troops left Sydney to fight
alongside U.S. troops in Vietnam.
1967 - The unmanned U.S. spacecraft Surveyor 3 landed on the moon.
1971 - Russia launched its space station Salyut into Earth's orbit.
1989 - Daphne du Maurier, British novelist, died. Among the world's
best-selling authors for half a century, her period romances and adventure
stories include ``Jamaica Inn,'' ``Rebecca'' and ``Frenchman's Creek.''
1993 - More than 80 Branch Davidians including their leader David Koresh
died when federal agents stormed their compound in Waco, Texas, after a
51-day standoff.
1995 - A huge car bomb tore apart the Alfred P. Murrah building in Oklahoma
City, killing 168 people.

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 152 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Wed, Apr 19, 2000 (19:43) * 68 lines 
Time Capsule - April 19
The American Revolutionary War began at the Battle of Lexington
and Concord in Massachusetts on this date in 1775. It was "the
shot heard 'round the world." Eight Minutemen were killed and
10 wounded in an exchange of musket fire with British Redcoats.

In 1971, the Soviet Union launched its first Salyut space station.

In 1972, the U.S. Apollo 16 spacecraft began orbiting the moon
two days before astronauts landed on its surface.

Also in 1989, pro-Democracy demonstrations began in Beijing's
Tiananmen Square.

In 1990, the U.S.-backed Contra rebels and the outgoing
Nicaraguan government agreed to an immediate cease-fire and a
formula to disarm and demobilize the Contras by June 10.

In 1992, a series of watercolors depicting members of the
British royal family nude caused a stir with London's Fleet
Street newspapers. The queen was not amused.

In 1993, the 51-day Branch Davidian standoff near Waco, Texas,
ended tragically when a fire destroyed the fortified compound
after authorities tear-gassed the place. Cult leader David Koresh
and 85 followers were killed.

Also in 1993, the governor of South Dakota and seven other
people were killed in a plane crash in Iowa.

In 1994, a federal jury awarded police beating victim Rodney
King $3.8 million dollars in compensatory damages from the city
of Los Angeles.

On this date in 1995, 168 people were killed -- including 19
children at a day care center-- and more than 400 injured when
a car bomb exploded outside the Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building
in Oklahoma City, Okla. A decorated Gulf War veteran, Timothy
McVeigh, and an army buddy, Terry Nichols, were later convicted
in connection with the bombing. McVeigh reportedly had been
deeply angered by the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms'
attack on the Branch Davidian compound in Waco, Texas, exactly
two years earlier. The ATF had offices in the building.

Also in 1995, Sen. Richard Lugar, R-Ind, announced his
candidacy for the GOP presidential nomination.

In 1996, the leaders of the G-7 nations met in Moscow.

In 1997, the rising Red River drove tens of thousands of people
from their homes in North Dakota and Minnesota.

In 1998, China freed Wang Dan, one of the leaders of the 1989
pro-democracy movement that had been brutally suppressed in
Beijing's Tiananmen Square.

+------------------ Birthdays ------------------+
Statesman Roger Sherman, a signer of the U.S. Constitution, in 1721
Music patron Augustus Juilliard in 1836
FBI agent Eliot Ness in 1903
Actress Jayne Mansfield in 1933
Actors Don Adams in 1926 (age 74), Hugh O'Brian in 1930 (age 70),
Dudley Moore in 1935 (age 65), Elinor Donahue in 1937 (age 63)
and Tim Curry in 1946 (age 54)
Auto racer Al Unser Jr. in 1962 (age 38)
Actress Ashley Judd in 1968 (age 32)

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 153 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Thu, Apr 20, 2000 (11:35) * 59 lines 
Strive.To Know Your History for April 20:

** Today is Be Happy, Go Lucky Day
"Your Hit Parade", starring Kay Thompson, Charles Carlyle, Gogo DeLys
and Johnny Hanser, was first broadcast on radio this night in 1935. A
youngster named Frank Sinatra would later be part of the program as a
featured vocalist. "Your Hit Parade" stayed on the radio airwaves for
24 years.
Snooky Lanson would later host the program when it made the
transition from radio to TV. Other long-time regulars on the TV
version were: Dorothy Collins, Russell Arms and Gisele MacKenzie.
They were the lucky ones who got to present the top seven songs each
week. Since many songs stayed on the list for weeks on end, these
vocalists had to invent new ways to present the hit parade. On April
24, 1959, "Your Hit Parade" died. The regulars just didn't fit with
the new rock 'n' roll hits. Imagine, if you can, Snooky Lanson
singing "Hound Dog".
The original title of the radio show was, "Lucky Strike Hit Parade",
sponsored by, you guessed it, Lucky Strike cigarettes. The cigarette
company continued to sponsor the TV show (those were the days when
cigarette companies sponsored lots of TV shows); and the opening
theme song was "Be Happy, Go Lucky".

** Events
1931 - Louis Armstrong recorded the classic, "When It's Sleepy Time
Down South", for Okeh Records. Satchmo would use the tune as his
theme song for decades. The song was waxed in Chicago, IL.
1931 - The great Knute Rockne died in a plane crash on March 31,
1931. It would be tough to fill his shoes. On this day, twenty days
later, Jesse Harper became the new athletic director and Heartley
'Hunk' Anderson took over as coach of Notre Dame. Anderson coached
the Fighting Irish from 1931-33. Elmer Layden replaced Anderson from
1934-40 and Frank Leahy coached Notre Dame twice -- from 1941-43 and
from 1946-53.
1985 - The British pop music group Wham!, featuring George Michael,
became the first to release cassettes in the People's Republic of
China. Selections from two of the group's albums were packaged and
sold on the tape.

** Birthdays
1889 - Adolf Hitler (murderer of over six-million people, the ultimate
racist and as TIME magazine says, "...redefined the meaning of evil forever.")
1951 - Luther Vandross (singer, songwriter: Never Too Much, How Many
Times Can We Say Goodbye)
1976 - Joey Lawrence (actor: Gimme a Break, Blossom, Chains of Gold,
Pulse, Wait Till Your Mother Gets Home)

** Chart Toppers - 1990
I'll Be Your Everything - Tommy Page
Don't Wanna Fall in Love - Jane Child
Nothing Compares 2 U - Sinead O'Connor
Five Minutes - Lorrie Morgan

Copyright (c) 1995-2000 440 International, Inc.
Portions Copyright (c) 2000 Digital Demographics, Inc.
Strive To is a trademark of Digital Demographics, Inc.

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 154 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Thu, Apr 20, 2000 (14:16) * 69 lines 
Time Capsule - April 20

In 1653, Oliver Cromwell -- Puritan, revolutionary and Lord
Protector of England -- dissolved Parliament to rule by decree.

In 1976, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that federal courts could
order low-cost housing for minorities in a city's white suburbs
to ease racial segregation.

In 1987, Karl Linnas, sentenced to death by the Soviets in
1962 for running a World War II concentration camp, became the
first Nazi war criminal returned by the United States to the
Soviet Union against his will.

In 1990, Pete Rose, already banished from baseball for gambling,
pleaded guilty to two felony counts alleging he concealed nearly
$300,000 in income from the Internal Revenue Service.

In 1991, U.S. Marines crossed into northern Iraq to set up camps
for Kurds seeking refuge from Iraqi civil strife.

Also in 1991, the United States announced plans to open a
temporary office in Hanoi to investigate the unresolved cases
of 2,278 American soldiers still listed as MIAs and POWs.

In 1992, Madonna signed a multi-million-dollar deal with Time
Warner to form an entertainment company that would make her the
highest paid female pop star in the world.

Elton John, Guns N' Roses, Roger Daltrey, Liza Minnelli,
David Bowie, George Michael, Def Leppard, and Spinal Tap
joined the surviving members of Queen at an AIDS Concert
for Life on this date in 1992. The show honored Queen's
lead singer Freddie Mercury, who'd died of AIDS the previous
November. More than 70,000 people attended the concert at
London's Wembley Stadium.

In 1993, President Clinton ordered an investigation into the
federal raid on the Branch Davidian cult compound.

In 1996, the U.S. Marines arrived in war-torn Liberia.

In 1998, a federal jury in Chicago awarded more than $85,000
in damages to two women's health clinics. The clinics, along
with the National Organization for Women, had filed a
class-action lawsuit, asserting that abortion opponents were
using threats and extortion to try to shut them down.

Horror at a suburban Denver high school. On this date in 1999,
two heavily armed Columbine High School students -- later
identified by authorities in Littleton, Colo., as Eric Harris,
18, and Dylan Klebold, 17 -- entered the building and opened
fire on their fellow students. They killed 12 teenagers and a
teacher before turning their guns on themselves. It was by far
the worst in a series of school shootings.

+------------------ Birthdays ------------------+
French Emperor Napoleon III in 1808
Sculptor Daniel Chester French, creator of "The Minute Man" statue, in 1850
Nazi dictator Adolf Hitler in 1889
Silent film comedian Harold Lloyd and Spanish surrealist painter Joan Miro, both in 1893
Associate Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court John Paul Stevens in 1920 (age 80)
Actress Nina Foch in 1924 (age 76)
Actor Ryan O'Neal in 1941 (age 59)
Actress Jessica Lange in 1949 (age 51)
Singer Luther Vandross in 1951 (age 49)
Actors Carmen Electra in 1973 (age 27) and Joey Lawrence in 1976 (age 24)

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 155 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Thu, Apr 20, 2000 (14:18) * 37 lines 
Reuters Today in History for April 20
LONDON (Reuters) - Here are some notable events from this date in history:
1526 - 2,000 Moguls under Baber fought and defeated 10,000 Muhammadens
from Delhi and 100 elephants under Ibrahim at the battle of Panipat. Ibrahim
was killed and the battle marked the start of Mogul rule.
1534 - French explorer Jacques Cartier set sail from Saint-Malo to explore the
North American coastline.
1653 - In England, Oliver Cromwell expelled the Long Parliament for trying to
pass the Perpetuation Bill, which would have kept Parliament in the hands of
a few members only.
1768 - Italian painter Canaletto (Giovanni Antonio Canal) died. Famous for his
paintings of Venetian scenes and English country homes.
1808 - Napoleon III, Emperor of France 1852-70, born. After defeat in the
Franco-Prussian War he was deposed and the Third Republic was
1836 - The U.S. Congress separated the western part of Michigan Territory
and formed a new territory to be known as Wisconsin.
1841 - ``The Murders in the Rue Morgue'' by Edgar Allan Poe, considered the
first detective story, was published in Graham's Magazine in Philadelphia.

(Nazi) Party and dictator of Germany (1933-45).
1893 - Joan Miro, Spanish surrealist painter, born. Influenced by primitive
Catalan art, Gaudi, Picasso and Gris, his paintings eventually became
entirely abstract.
1893 - Harold Lloyd, U.S. comedian, born. A rival to Charlie Chaplin in the
silent era of the cinema, he was famed for his stunts notably in the film
``Safety Last.''
1912 - Bram Stoker, Dublin-born writer notably of the popular horror tale
``Dracula,'' died.
1943 - In World War II, the massacre of Jews in the Warsaw ghetto began.
1986 - Pianist Vladimir Horowitz gave his first concert in the Soviet Union in
61 years. He had emigrated in 1925.
1998 - The Red Army Faction (RAF), the German guerrilla group responsible
for bombings and assassinations in the 1970s and 1980s, said it had

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 156 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Fri, Apr 21, 2000 (14:10) * 61 lines 
Know Your History for April 21:
** This is Kindergarten Day!
Some things we take for granted, like kindergarten. It's just the
first chance most kids get to attend a formal school, right? Wrong.
A man named Friedrich Froebel actually invented kindergarten. Little
Freddie was born on this day in 1782 in Germany. He grew up to become
a teacher, author and toy maker.
Friedrich's experience as an educator led him to the conclusion that
playtime can be very instructive; an essential part of a child's
education. He founded the first kindergarten for this purpose in 1837
in Blankenburg, Germany.
This directed playtime led to his invention of a series of toys that
were designed to stimulate learning. He called these toys, gifts. The
mother of famous architect, Frank Lloyd Wright gave her son some of
these gifts ... in the form of maple wood blocks. Wright often spoke
of the value the gifts had brought him throughout his life.
Nursery school and kindergarten as we know it are the direct results
of the influence of Friedrich Froebel. The first public school
kindergarten in the U.S. was started in St. Louis, Missouri in 1873.
Now put your paper and paste away; it's time to lie down on your mats.

** Events
1980 - America's oldest long-distance race, the Boston Marathon, was
touched by scandal this day. Actually, the race was sullied,
tarnished and disgraced when Rosie Ruiz, a 26-year-old office worker,
stunned the sports world when she crossed the finish line in a record
time of 2 hours, 31 minutes and 56 seconds. Later, after an
investigation, she was stripped of the honor of winning the marathon
when evidence showed that she had not run the entire race.
1984 - David Palmer pitched only the fourth shortened, perfect game
in major-league baseball history. Palmer was pitching the Montreal
Expos to a 4-0 lead over the St. Louis Cardinals when the home plate
umpire called the game in five innings when the rains came. Palmer
had made 57 pitches.
1987 - Special occasion stamps were offered for the first time by the
U.S. Postal Service. "Happy Birthday," "Get Well" and other messages
were offered.

** Birthdays
1816 - Charlotte Bronte (author: Jane Eyre, The Professor, Shirley, Villette)
1838 - John Muir (conservationist: influential in the establishment
of the U.S. National Parks system and U.S. forest conservation; Muir
Woods National Monument in California named after him)
1916 - Anthony Quinn (Academy Award-winning actor: Viva Zapata!
[1952], Lust for Life [1956]; The Guns of Navarone, The Inheritance,
The Old Man and the Sea, Zorba the Greek)
1947 - Iggy Pop (James Newell Osterburg) (singer, songwriter: group:
Psychedelic Stooges: LP: The Stooges)
1951 - Tony Danza (actor: Angels in the Outfield, Who's the Boss,
Baby Talk, Taxi)

** Chart Toppers - 1991
1991 - You're in Love - Wilson Phillips
Baby Baby - Amy Grant
Joyride - Roxette
Down Home - Alabama

Copyright (c) 1995-2000 440 International, Inc.
Portions Copyright (c) 2000 Digital Demographics, Inc.

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 157 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Fri, Apr 21, 2000 (20:19) * 77 lines 
Music History - April 21

Today's birthdays include:
Iggy Pop, whose real name is James Jewel Osterberg, who was born in 1947
(age 53)
Paul Carrack of Mike and the Mechanics, formerly with Squeeze,
as well as with Ace, in 1951 (age 49)
Robert Smith of The Cure in 1957 (age 43)
In 1963, the Beatles and the Rolling Stones met for the first
time at the Crawdaddy Club in Richmond, West London, England
-- where the Stones were playing.

In 1969, Janis Joplin played at the Royal Albert Hall in

In 1974, Porter Wagoner and Dolly Parton performed together
for the last time.

In 1978, Sandy Denny -- lead singer of Fairport Convention
-- died from a brain hemorrhage at the age of 37, four days
after falling down the stairs.

In 1982, Joe Strummer -- frontman for The Clash --
disappeared for three weeks, causing the band to cancel a
scheduled tour. He was found living on the streets of Paris.

In 1984, the soundtrack album from "Footloose" bumped Michael
Jackson's "Thriller" off the top of the album charts after 37

In 1988, Mick Jagger testified in a White Plains, N.Y.,
courtroom in the unsuccessful copyright suit brought against
him by a Bronx reggae musician.

In 1990, Amy Grant sued Marvel Comics for the unauthorized
use of her likeness in a Dr. Strange comic.

In 1993, ex-Rolling Stone Bill Wyman married Californian
Suzanne Accosta in southern France, where he owns a home. He
was 56, she 33.

Also in 1993, authorities in Fort Bluff, Calif., credited
Grateful Dead drummer Bill Kreutzmann with saving the life
of a teenage surfer caught in a riptide.

In 1994, Kurt Cobain's widow -- Courtney Love -- turned in the
weapon he'd used to kill himself to a grass-roots anti-violence
organization holding a guns-for-tickets trade-in program.

In 1996, the Sunday Times of London reported Paul McCartney
was the 30th richest person in Britain, worth $630 million.

In 1997, an arrest warrant was issued after rapper Foxy Brown
failed to show up for her scheduled trial on assault charges
in Raleigh, N.C. The artist was accused of spitting at two
female hotel workers in Jan. 1997.

In 1998, Sonny Bono's widow, Mary, was sworn in to fill his
congressional seat representing the Palm Springs, Calif.,
area in the U.S. House of Representatives.

In 1999, the Los Angeles Times quoted police sources saying
Death Row Records founder and CEO Marion "Suge" Knight was a
key suspect in the March 1997 slaying of rapper Notorious
B.I.G. The newspaper reported that he was suspected of
engineering the plot from behind prison bars. Two days later,
the paper reported that Knight had refused to talk to the cops.

TODAY'S MUSICAL QUIZ: What was the name of Dolly Parton's
first single after splitting up with Porter Wagoner?
ANSWER: "I Will Always Love You."

By Penny Nelson (UPI) Copyright 2000 by United Press
International. All rights reserved.

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 158 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Sat, Apr 22, 2000 (23:52) * 43 lines 
Reuters Today in History for April 22
LONDON (Reuters) - Here are some notable events from this date in history:
1451 - Isabella I, Queen of Castille, born; her marriage to Ferdinand of Aragon
in 1479 united the Spanish monarchy. She also became patron of Christopher
1724 - Immanuel Kant, German philosopher, born. Regarded as one of
history's greatest thinkers, his work exerted a huge influence on all
subsequent philosophy.
1766 - Madame de Stael (Anne-Louise-Germaine Necker, Baronne de
Stael-Holstein), notable French writer, born. Best known for her theories on
the new ``Romanticism,'' she also achieved fame for her salon for
1793 - U.S. President George Washington issued a Proclamation of
Neutrality to ensure that the United States did not become involved in the war
between France and Britain.
1838 - The British steamship Sirius became the first to cross the Atlantic
from Britain to New York on steam power only. The journey from Cork to New
York took 18 days 10 hours.
1870 - Lenin, Russian Communist leader, born as Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov.
Founder of the Communist party and inspiration behind the Russian
Revolution, he became the first Soviet head of state.
1889 - Unoccupied land in Oklahoma, formerly in Indian hands, was opened
to white settlers; about 50,000 settlers rushed in on the first day.
1904 - Robert Oppenheimer, U.S. nuclear scientist, born. He was head of the
Los Alamos laboratories which developed the atom bomb.
1912 - Kathleen Ferrier, British contralto singer, born. Best known for her
emotional performances of Gustav Mahler's ``Das Lied von der Erde'' (''Song of
the Earth'').
1915 - The second battle of Ypres started when German troops released
clouds of deadly chlorine gas on British troops; it was the first major gas
attack of World War I.
1916 - Violinist Yehudi Menuhin, born in New York. He gave his first
professional performance at eight and took part in the famous 1932 recording
of Elgar's violin concerto conducted by the composer.
1917 - Bluesman John Lee Hooker born.
1933 - Sir Frederick Henry Royce, co-founder of the English car company
Rolls-Royce, died.
1992 - A series of underground gas explosions tore apart a working-class
neighborhood in the Mexican city of Guadalajara, killing some 200 people.
1994 - Former U.S. President Richard Nixon died aged 81. He was the 37th
president of the United States from 1969 until his resignation in 1974 over the
Watergate scandal.

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 159 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Mon, Apr 24, 2000 (12:24) * 36 lines 
Reuters Today in History for April 24

LONDON (Reuters) - Here are some notable events from this date in history:
1704 - The Boston News-Letter, one of the earliest newspapers in the
American colonies, was first published.
1731 - Daniel Defoe, British journalist and author, notably of ``Robinson
Crusoe,'' died.
1792 - Claude-Joseph Rouget de Lisle composed ``La Marseillaise,'' the
French national anthem.
1800 - The U.S. Congress voted to establish a Library of Congress.
1815 - Anthony Trollope, English novelist, born. Best known for the
Barchester novels, a series of books set in the fictional English county of
1898 - Spain declared war on the United States after receiving an ultimatum
to withdraw from Cuba.
1905 - Robert Penn Warren, U.S. poet and novelist notably of ``All The King's
Men,'' born.
1906 - William Joyce, U.S.-born British collaborator during World War II, born.
He was known for his radio broadcasts of Nazi propaganda from Germany
under his nickname ``Lord Haw-Haw'' and was hanged for treason after the
1934 - Shirley MacLaine, U.S. actress, dancer and sister of Warren Beatty,
born as Shirley MacLean Beaty.
1942 - Barbra Streisand, American actress and singer, born.
1967 - Vladimir Komarov, the first Russian to fly in the Soyuz craft, was killed
when he crash-landed in Russia after his 17th orbit of Earth.
1968 - Climaxing his birthday celebration, the Who's drummer, Keith Moon,
accidentally drives a Lincoln Continental into a hotel swimming pool in Flint,
1970 - China launched its first satellite into orbit.
1986 - The Duchess of Windsor (Wallis Warfield) died. As Wallis Simpson,
her romance with King Edward VIII led to his abdication in 1936.
1990 - Michael Milken, former junk bond chief at the defunct Drexel Burnham
Lambert Inc, pleaded guilty to six felony charges, settling a massive criminal
racketeering and securities fraud suit brought by the U.S. government.

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 160 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Mon, Apr 24, 2000 (14:30) * 49 lines 
Strive.To Know Your History for April 24:

** This is Pipeless Organ day!
It was on this day in Chicago, IL that Laurens Hammond announced news
that would be favored by many churches across the United States. The
news was the development of the pipeless organ -- and a granting of a
U.S. patent for same. The year was 1934.
Hammond, a decades-old name in keyboard organs in churches, theaters,
auditoriums and homes, is the same Hammond who fostered many of the
developments that would make electronic keyboards so popular in
modern music. The Hammond B-3 and B-5 organs, for example, became
mainstays for many recording artists, while inventions in Hammond
organ loud speaker development (the Hammond Leslie Tremelo speaker)
produced still other important milestones that allowed small organs
to emulate the big concert theater console organs.
Later, solid-state circuitry and computers allowed keyboards the
flexibility to sound like other instruments, permitting the organist
to play many instruments from the organ's multiple keyboards.
And you thought there was an entire orchestra hiding in the closet ...

** Events
1961 - Sandy Koufax of the Los Angeles Dodgers struck out 18 batters
in a game this day, becoming the first major-league pitcher to do so
on two different occasions.
1985 - There were a reported 832,602 millionaires in the United
States on this day, according to researchers. The average millionaire
was 57 years old. A majority (85 percent) held college degrees. 20
percent were retired and 70 percent were self-employed.

** Birthday Board
1904 - Willem de Kooning (painter/expressionist; passed away Mar 19, 1997)
1942 - Barbra (Joan) Streisand (Grammy Award-winning Best Female Pop
Vocalist [1963-1965, 1977, 1986], Best Songwriter [1977], People, The
Way We Were, You Don't Bring Me Flowers; Academy Award-winning Best
Actress: Funny Girl [1968], I Can Get It For You Wholesale, The Owl
and the Pussycat, Hello Dolly, Funny Lady, The Way We Were, Yentl;
Oscar for Best Song: Evergreen [1976); director: Yentl, The Prince of
1953 - Eric Bogosian (actor: Under Siege 2: Dark Territory, Witch
Hunt, The Caine Mutiny Court Martial, Special Effects; actor,
playwright: Talk Radio, Sex, Drugs, Rock and Roll: Eric Bogosian)

** Chart Toppers - 1986
Kiss - Prince & The Revolution
Manic Monday - Bangles
Addicted to Love - Robert Palmer
Cajun Moon - Ricky Skaggs

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 161 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Mon, Apr 24, 2000 (15:30) * 99 lines 
Music History - April 24

Today's birthdays include:
Barbra Streisand, who was born in 1942 (age 58)
Richard Sterban of the Oak Ridge Boys in 1943 (age 57)
Bernard Henderson of the Hues Corporation in 1944 (age 56)
Doug "Cosmo" Clifford, drummer with Creedence Clearwater Revival,
in 1945 (age 55)
Jethro Tull bassist Glen Cornick and Hues Corporation's H.
Ann Kelly, both in 1947 (age 53)
The Cure's Boris Williams in 1958 (age 42)
Faith No More bassist Billy Gould in 1963 (age 37)

In 1957, Ricky Nelson's first single -- "Teenager's Romance,"
backed with a cover of Fats Domino's "I'm Walkin'" -- was

In 1958, Dion and the Belmonts' released their first single
-- "I Wonder Why," backed with "Teen Angel."

In 1959, "There Goes My Baby" was released by the Drifters.
It supposedly was the first rock 'n' roll song to use a
string section.

Also in 1959, "Your Hit Parade" aired for the last time.

In 1961, Bob Dylan appeared on a recording for the first
time. He played harmonica on the title track of Harry
Belafonte's "Midnight Special" album and was paid $50.

In 1970, on invitation from Tricia Nixon, Jefferson Airplane's
Grace Slick showed up at the White House -- escorted by Abbie
Hoffman, who was on trial in the Chicago 7 conspiracy case.
The White House guards refused to admit Hoffman and Slick
left with him.

In 1984, the Talking Heads concert movie "Stop Making Sense"
premiered in San Francisco.

Also in 1984, Jerry Lee Lewis married for the sixth time.
Bride number six was Kerrie McCarver.

In 1987, Leon Redbone, Mason Ruffner and Cyril Neville were
among the headliners at the opening of the 18th annual New
Orleans Jazz and Heritage Festival.

In 1991, a man in Lexington, Ky., accused Whitney Houston of
punching him in the eye during a fight that broke out as the
singer's entourage arrived at a hotel five days earlier.
Houston's brother, Michael, also was accused of assault. A
judge ordered both Houstons to appear in court.

Also in 1991, newcomer Garth Brooks won a record six "Hat"
awards at the 26th annual Academy of County Music Awards in
Los Angeles.

In 1992, the Cleveland Orchestra sued Michael Jackson for
$7 million, saying a song from his "Dangerous" album included
a one-minute snippet from the orchestra's 1961 rendition of
Beethoven's Ninth Symphony.

Also in 1992, Jimmy Buffett held a rare concert in Fort
Lauderdale, Fla., to raise money to help separate his Save
the Manatees organization from the Florida Audubon Society.

In 1993, Farm Aid founders Willie Nelson, Neil Young and
John Mellencamp -- along with Travis Tritt, Lyle Lovett,
Dwight Yoakam, Bruce Hornsby and Ringo Starr -- performed
at Farm Aid VI in Ames, Iowa. Comic couple Roseanne and
Tom Arnold did a short musical segment, closing with the
theme from the TV series "Green Acres."

In 1994, pop star and NBA groupie Madonna met San Antonio
Spurs' star David Robinson in the locker room after the game
to congratulate him on his 71-point performance.

In 1995, Courtney Love of the rock group Hole stormed off
the stage of an Amsterdam nightclub after a fan allegedly
taunted her by yelling, "You killed Kurt." It was a reference
to the April 1994 suicide of Love's husband, Nirvana's Kurt

Also in 1995, Pearl Jam's Eddie Vedder jammed at a North
Carolina nightclub.

In 1996, rapper/actress Queen Latifah testified at the trial
of one of two carjackers who stole her BMW and wounded her
boyfriend the previous July in Harlem, N.Y.

In 1997, Toby McKeehan of dc Talk was the big winner at the
28th annual Dove Awards, winning in five of the 13
categories for which he nominated.

In 1998, the annual New Orleans Jazz and Heritage Festival
opened. Headlining performers included Bonnie Raitt, John
Fogerty, Jimmy Buffett, the Doobie Brothers Reunion, Ziggy
Marley and Better Than Ezra.

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 162 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Mon, Apr 24, 2000 (17:10) * 65 lines 
The North's military occupation of the South following the
Civil War ended on this date in 1877 - a full 12 years after
the fighting ended -- when federal troops moved out of New

In 1987, genetically altered bacteria, designed to prevent
frost damage, was sprayed on a California strawberry field in
the first test of such biotechnology in nature.

In 1990, junk-bond king Michael Milken avoided trial on
insider trading and racketeering charges by pleading guilty
to six less serious felony violations, agreeing to pay fines
and penalties totaling $600 million.

In 1991, the first U.N. peacekeeping forces were deployed
along the Kuwait-Iraq border.

Also in 1991, Greddie Stowers, a black World War I corporal,
was posthumously awarded the Medal of Honor to become the
first black to receive the highest medal for valor in combat.

In 1992, a car driven by an elderly New York woman careened
through a crowded Greenwich Village park, killing four people
and injuring 27.

In 1993, an IRA bomb blast rocked London's financial district,
injuring at least 35 people.

In 1995, the UNAbomber struck again: a mail bomb killed Gilbert
Murray, president of the California Forestry Association, in Sacramento.

In 1996, President Clinton signed into law a bill to fight

Also in 1996, the Palestinian National Council voted to drop
its official commitment to the destruction of Israel.

Opening arguments began on this date in 1997 in the federal
court trial of suspected Oklahoma City bomber Timothy McVeigh.
The proceedings had been moved to Denver in the hopes of
seating an impartial jury to hear the case against the decorated
Gulf War veteran, who was accused of carrying out the April 19,
1995, car bombing of the federal building in Oklahoma City that
killed 168 people. McVeigh would be convicted and sentenced to
death. That sentence is currently being appealed as the state
of Oklahoma prepares to try him.

Also in 1997, with ratification by the Senate, the United
States became the 75th country to approve the Chemical Weapons

In 1998, after threats from President Yeltsin and two negative
votes, the Russian parliament approved Yeltsin's nomination of
Sergei Kiriyenko as the nation's premier.

+------------------ Birthdays ------------------+
English novelist Anthony Trollope in 1815
Actor Leslie Howard in 1893
Artist Willem DeKooning in 1904
U.S. poet laureate Robert Penn Warren in 1905
Actresses Shirley MacLaine in 1934 (age 66) and Jill Ireland in 1936
Singer, actress and director Barbra Streisand in 1942 (age 58)
Chicago Mayor Richard M. Daley in 1943 (age 57)

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 163 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Tue, Apr 25, 2000 (13:26) * 73 lines 
Those Were the Days: April 25

This is We're on the Map Day!
When you are taking a trip and following a map, you take the word of
the cartographer that the map names are accurate. Things were pretty
much the same on this day in 1507. That's when mapmaker and
geographer Martin Waldseemuller of Germany explained why the world
map he was making would show the new world as 'Amerige' (the land of
In his book, "Cosmographiae Introductio", he wrote, "Inasmuch as both
Europe and Asia received their names from women, I see no reason why
any one should justly object to calling this part Amerige, i.e., the
land of Amerigo, or America, after Amerigo, its discoverer, a man of
great ability."
And so, Waldseemuller printed one thousand maps with Amerige printed
on the part of the world we now call South America. He was obviously
talking about the explorations of Amerigo Vespucci; not learning of
Columbus' discovery until several years later (news traveled quite
slowly in those days); and he, obviously, never had any discussions
with the Incas. They might have had a few different suggestions as to
what to call the land where they lived.
However, it wasn't long before 'America' was applied to both the
North and South American continents ... and, as you may have noted,
America is still a part of our maps and our geography lessons.
Because the name, America, stuck, some refer to Waldseemuller as the
godfather of America.
That's all there is to it. Make a map, proclaim your little corner of
the world as Podunck Gulch or whatever, print 'em up, distribute them
and you'll leave your mark on history. Here we are over four hundred
years later still trying to understand why America is called America
by the entire world, and the only explanation is that it was on the
map and still is.

** Events
1928 - Buddy, the first seeing eye dog, was presented to Morris S.
Frank on this day. Many seeing eye organizations and schools continue
to offer specially trained dogs " enhance the independence,
dignity, and self-confidence of blind people..." (visit

1954 - The prototype manufacture of a new solar battery was announced
by the Bell Laboratories in New York City.

1985 - For the first time in 40 years, Smokey Bear went into
hibernation. The symbol of the U.S. Forest Service was put aside for
a public service announcement about an arson suspect being booked at
the police station. Representatives of the Ad Council (the public
service agency that produced these messages for radio and TV) wanted
to keep his image "warm and fuzzy." Smokey is back now and doing
fine, thank you.

** Birthday Board
1874 - Guglielmo Marconi (Father of Radio: inventor: 1909 Nobel Laureate
in Physics: wireless telegraphy [the transmission of Morse Code over
electromagnetic energy])
1906 - William J. Brennan, Jr. (Associate Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court:
authored more than 1,200 opinions, including many landmarks: free
press [New York Times v. Sullivan], women's rights [Frontiero v.
Richardson], reapportionment [Baker v. Carr], civil rights [Cooper v.
Aaron, Green v. County School Board]; passed away July 24, 1997)
1908 - Edward R. (Roscoe) Murrow (newsman: You are There, Person to
Person; former head U.S. Information Agency; passed away Apr 27, 1965)
1940 - Al Pacino (Academy Award-winning actor: Scent of a Woman

** Chart Toppers - 1987
I Knew You Were Waiting (For Me) - Aretha Franklin & George Michael
Don't Dream It's Over - Crowded House
Sign 'o' the Times - Prince
Rose in Paradise - Waylon Jennings

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 164 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Tue, Apr 25, 2000 (13:31) * 73 lines 
Time Capsule - April 25

In 1898, Congress formally declared war on Spain in the battle
over Cuba.

In 1945, delegates of 46 countries gathered in San Francisco
to organize a permanent United Nations.

In 1962, Ranger 4 landed on the moon.

On this date in 1977, Elvis Presley's concert in Saginaw,
Mich., was taped. The recording turned out to be Presley's
last. Three of the songs later appeared on the posthumous
Presley album "Moody Blue."

This is Sinai Day in Egypt. On this date in 1982, Israel
turned over the final third of the occupied Sinai Peninsula
to Egypt under the Camp David peace agreement, signed three
years earlier. That treaty had ended 30 years of hostilities
between Egypt and Israel, which had captured the Sinai during
the 1967 war.

The $1.5 billion Hubble Space Telescope was deployed into
orbit by the shuttle Discovery on this date in 1990. It was
the largest in-orbit observatory to date and was supposed to
revolutionize our understanding of the universe. Unfortunately,
the telescope's lenses turned out to be defective and so the
anticipated high quality of images wasn't possible. Three
years later, a shuttle crew retrieved the Hubble from orbit,
repaired it, and returned it to space once more.

Also in 1990, Violetta Chamorro assumed the Nicaraguan
presidency, ending more than a decade of leftist Sandinista

In 1992, Pentagon officials said an airman was missing and
two others were injured after a U.S. Air Force C-130
drug-interdiction aircraft was fired on by Peruvian jets.

In 1993, an estimated 300,000 people took part in a gay rights
march on the National Mall in Washington, D.C.

In 1994, the Japanese Diet elected Tsutomo Hata as prime

Regular season play by major-league baseball teams got
underway on this date in 1995. It was the first official
action since the longest strike in sports history began in
August 1994.

In 1997, a federal district court in Greensboro, N.C., ruled
the Food and Drug Administration had the power to regulate
the distribution, sale and use of tobacco products.

In 1998, first lady Hillary Rodham Clinton testified via
videotape for the Little Rock, Ark., grand jury in the
Whitewater case.

In 1999, Vice President Al Gore was among the 70,000 who
attended a memorial service for the victims of the Columbine
High School shootings five days earlier.

+------------------ Birthdays ------------------+
Oliver Cromwell, lord protector of England, in 1599
Guglielmo Marconi, inventor of the radio telegraph, in 1874
U.S. Supreme Court Justice William Brennan in 1906
Pioneer broadcast journalist Edward R. Murrow in 1908
Singer Ella Fitzgerald in 1918
Former basketball player Meadow George "Meadowlark" Lemon III in 1932 (age 68)
Actor Al Pacino in 1940 (age 60)
Actors Talia Shire in 1946 (age 54), Hank Azaria in 1964 (age 36), and Renee Zellweger in 1969 (age 31)

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 165 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Tue, Apr 25, 2000 (13:34) * 97 lines 
Music History - April 25

Today's birthdays include:
Abba's Bjorn Ulvaeus, who was born in 1945 (age 55)
Stu Cook of Creedence Clearwater Revival also in 1945 (age 55)
Left Banke keyboardist Michael Brown in 1949 (age 51)
The Average White Band's Steve Ferrone in 1950 (age 50)
Andy Bell of Erasure in 1964 (age 36)

In 1956, Elvis Presley's first hit, "Heartbreak Hotel,"
topped the national pop music charts.

In 1968, the Beatles refused to play a benefit show for the
British Olympic Fund, even though Queen Elizabeth was to
attend. Said Ringo Starr, "We don't do benefits."

In 1970, members of Pacific Gas and Electric Company -- an
inter-racial rock band -- were pelted with beer cans and
forced to flee from a racist crowd in Raleigh, N.C.

Also in 1970, Otis Spann -- Chicago blues session player
and a regular in Muddy Waters' band -- died of cancer at
the age of 40.

In 1974, Pamela Courson -- girlfriend of the Doors' Jim
Morrison -- died from a heroin overdose.

In 1977, Elvis Presley's concert in Saginaw, Mich., was
taped. The recording turned out to be Presley's last. Three
of the songs later appeared on the posthumous Presley album
"Moody Blue."

In 1981, Paul McCartney's band Wings broke up.

In 1987, Roy Orbison headlined an "Oil Aid" benefit in
Midland, Texas.

In 1993, members of the Grateful Dead helped pay for a liver
transplant for San Francisco psychedelic artist Stanley
"Mouse" Miller, who created the band's skull-and-roses logo.

In 1994, Adam Horovitz of the Beastie Boys was sentenced to
200 hours community service for beating up a TV cameraman
during a November 1993 memorial service for actor River

Also in 1994, Snoop Doggy Dog was named rap solo artist of
the year and A Tribe Called Quest won the group of the year
award at the first annual Source Hip-Hop Awards in New York.

In 1994, Prince Charles went backstage to visit Barbra
Streisand after her London concert.

In 1996, the Stone Temple Pilots cancelled a series of free
shows in New York, Chicago and Los Angeles -- citing lead
singer Scott Weiland's drug problems. The band said Weiland
was under a doctor's care at a medical facility.

Also in 1996, it was reported that Michael Jackson had
bought a 15th-century French castle about 100 miles south
of Paris.

In 1997, U2 kicked off its "PopMart" tour in Las Vegas.

Also in 1997, Warren Haynes and Allen Woody announced they
were quitting the Allman Brothers Band to devote their full
attention to their new group, Gov't Mule.

In 1997, Grand Funk Railroad was in New York for the first
of three concerts benefiting Bosnia Relief. The shows
launched the band's world tour.

In 1998, singer, actress and breast cancer survivor Olivia
Newton-John joined thousands of other people at Detroit's
Race for the Cure benefit.

In 1999, R&B singers Rogers and Zapp (brothers Roger
Troutman, 47, and Larry Troutman, 54) died in an apparent
murder/suicide. The police in Dayton, Ohio, said Roger was
found shot near the family music studio, while Larry was
found in his car that had crashed into a tree. He had
suffered an apparent self-inflicted gunshot wound to the head.

Also in 1999, Paul Simon sang "Where have you gone Joe
DiMaggio?" - the lyrics from the Simon and Garfunkel song
"Mrs. Robinson" -- as the New York Yankees honored the
legendary ballplayer at New York's Yankee Stadium.

TODAY'S MUSICAL QUIZ: Whitney Houston's second album featured
a duet between her and her mother, R&B singer Cissy Houston.
Who wrote "I Know Him So Well"?
ANSWER: The tune was penned by Tim Rice and ABBA's Benny and

By Penny Nelson (UPI) Copyright 2000 by United Press
International. All rights reserved.

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 166 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Tue, Apr 25, 2000 (19:13) * 40 lines 
Reuters Today in History for April 25
LONDON (Reuters) - Here are some notable events from this date in history:
1599 - Oliver Cromwell, English soldier and statesman, born. He led
Parliamentary armies in the Civil War and after the overthrow of Charles I,
became Lord Protector of England (1653).
1850 - Paul Julius Reuter, founder of the news agency that bears his name,
used 40 pigeons to carry stock market prices between Brussels and Aachen.
1859 - Work began on the construction of the Suez Canal under the direction
of Ferdinand de Lesseps. It was opened 10 years later on November 16,
1874 - Guglielmo Marconi, Italian physicist and inventor of radio telegraphy,
born. His work earned him a share of the 1909 Nobel prize for physics. He
also developed short-wave radio.
1898 - The U.S. Congress passed a joint resolution declaring war on Spain
over Cuba.
1908 - Edward Murrow, U.S. broadcaster and journalist, born. He was director
of the U.S. Information Agency and became famous for his broadcasts from
London during World War Two prior to American intervention.
1918 - Ella Fitzgerald, American jazz singer, born. Discovered at 16 at an
amateur night at the Apollo Theater in Harlem, she went on to work with Louis
Armstrong, Duke Ellington and Count Basie.
1926 - Arturo Toscanini conducted the first performance of Giacomo Puccini's
opera ``Turandot'' at La Scala, Milan.
1940 - Actor Al Pacino, who received an Academy Award for his role in the
1992 movie ``Scent of a Woman,'' born in New York City.
1945 - The U.S. and Soviet armies met in the east German city of Torgau as
World War II drew to a close in Europe.
1945 - The San Francisco Conference sponsored by China, Britain, the Soviet
Union and the United States opened to set up a world body to succeed the
defunct League of Nations.
1971 - 200,000 anti-Vietnam War protesters marched on Washington.
1980 - A U.S. commando mission to rescue 53 American embassy hostages
in Iran was abandoned in the desert with the loss of eight American lives
when a helicopter collided with a tanker aircraft.
1990 - The Hubble space telescope was released from the space shuttle
Discovery and put in orbit 300 miles above the Earth.
1995 - Ginger Rogers, U.S. star of stage and screen, died at 83. She is best
remembered for her film dance routines with Fred Astaire notably in ``Flying
Down to Rio,'' ``Roberta'' and ``Top Hat.''

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 167 of 402: the history of spring (sprin5) * Tue, Apr 25, 2000 (21:25) * 1 lines 
Wow, the March on Washington was 1971 on this day. And the Hubble is ten years old, and fixed!

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 168 of 402: Plutarch of the Spring  (MarciaH) * Tue, Apr 25, 2000 (21:28) * 1 lines 
Indeed! Tempus fugit and all that...

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 169 of 402: Plutarch of the Spring  (MarciaH) * Wed, Apr 26, 2000 (13:08) * 51 lines 
Music History - April 26

Today's birthdays include:
Maurice Williams of the Zodiacs, who was born in 1938 (age 62)
Duane Eddy was also born in 1938 (age 62)
Bobby Rydell in 1942 (age 58)
Gary Wright, who was with Spooky Tooth before going solo, in 1943 (age 57)
The late Pete Ham of Badfinger was born in 1947
Jimmy Hall of Wet Willie in 1949 (age 51)
Duran Duran's Roger Taylor in 1960 (age 40)

In 1977, Studio 54 opened in New York City.
In 1978, Ringo Starr starred in his first TV special -- an
updated version of Mark Twain's "The Prince and the Pauper."
In 1982, a gunman robbed Rod Steward on Sunset Blvd. in
Hollywood and stole his Porsche.
In 1984, Liverpool's Cavern Club reopened.
Also in 1984, cancer claimed Count Basie at the age of 79.
In 1987, Fats Domino, Jose Feliciano and Allen Toussaint
were among the headliners at the New Orleans Jazz and
Heritage Festival.
Also in 1988, country singer Randy Travis swept the first
TNN Viewer's Choice Awards, winning in five categories.
In 1988, a federal jury in White Plains, N.Y., ruled Mick
Jagger did not steal "Just Another Night" from an aspiring
reggae musician, ending the copyright suit against the
Rolling Stone frontman.
In 1994, Grace Slick pleaded guilty to pointing a shotgun
at a police officer who had responded to a call of trouble
at her Marin Co., Calif., home.
In 1995, Bobby Brown and two other men were arrested and
charged in the beating of a man at a Disney World nightclub.
Also in 1995, former Guns N' Roses drummer Steven Adler was
charged with felony heroin possession after he was found
slumped over the wheel of his car parked on a Los Angeles street.
In 1996, the rock band Phish helped draw huge crowds to the
opening day of the New Orleans Jazz and Heritage Festival.
TODAY'S MUSICAL QUIZ: In the United States, Rod Stewart's
first solo album was titled "The Rod Stewart Album." What
was it called in Britain?
ANSWER: "An Old Raincoat Won't Ever Let You Down."

By Penny Nelson (UPI) Copyright 2000 by United Press
International. All rights reserved.
Questions? Comments? Email us at:

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 170 of 402: Plutarch of the Spring  (MarciaH) * Wed, Apr 26, 2000 (13:57) * 64 lines 
Time Capsule - April 26

In 1607, the first British colonists to establish a permanent
settlement in America landed at Cape Henry, Va.

And in 1984, Liverpool's Cavern Club -- where the Beatles got
their start -- reopened. Actually, the original Cavern Club had
been torn down. This one was a rebuilt version.

In 1986, an explosion occurred at the Chernobyl nuclear power
plant north of Kiev in the Soviet republic of Ukraine. The
resulting fire burned for days, sending radioactive material
into the atmosphere. More than 100,000 people were evacuated
from the 300-square-mile area around the plant. Initially,
Moscow reported two deaths, but months later, it said 31
people had died and thousands more exposed to dangerous levels
of radiation.

In 1988, the Pennsylvania primary vote assured George Bush of
the Republican presidential nomination.

In 1990, New York's highest court awarded the America's Cup
to the United States, ruling the San Diego Yacht Club did not
cheat by racing a catamaran against an inherently slower New
Zealand monohull boat.

In 1992, powerful aftershocks rattled Northern California
following a 6.9 earthquake that injured at least 65 people.

In 1993, a domestic Indian airliner slammed into parked truck
during takeoff and crashed near the western city of Aurangabad,
killing at least 55 of the 118 people aboard.

Also in 1993, gunmen seized the Costa Rica Supreme Court,
holding 17 judges and five other people hostage. The standoff
ended three days later when the assailants freed their hostages
and were captured en route to the airport.

It was the definitive end to apartheid. On this date in 1994,
South Africans began going to the polls in the country's first
election that was open to all. For the first time in its history,
the nation's 18 million blacks were able to cast ballots. Four
days of voting would elect African National Congress leader
Nelson Mandela president and incumbent President F.W. de Klerk
vice president.

In 1996, an auction of the belongings of Jackie Onassis yielded
$34 million, about seven times what Sotheby's auction house had

+------------------ Birthdays ------------------+
Naturalist John James Audubon in 1785
Landscape architect Frederick Law Olmsted in 1822
Author Anita Loos in 1893
Rudolf Hess, Adolf Hitler's deputy, in 1894
Inventor Charles Richter, responsible for the Richter Scale
of earthquake measurement, in 1900
Novelist Bernard Malamud in 1914
Architect I.M. Pei in 1917 (age 83)
Actress/comedian Carol Burnett in 1936 (age 64)
Influential pop guitarist Duane Eddy in 1938 (age 62)

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 171 of 402: Plutarch of the Spring  (MarciaH) * Thu, Apr 27, 2000 (18:47) * 53 lines 
Strive.To Know Your History for April 27:

** This is Woody Woodpecker Day!
On this, his birthday, we pay tribute to the man who created the
fun-loving, slightly manic bird he called, Woody Woodpecker.
Cartoonist Walter Lantz was born on this day in 1900 in New Rochelle,
New York.
Many remember Walter Lantz only for Woody; however, one of his most
famous moments was the creation of an animated opening sequence for
Universal Studio's first, major musical, "The King of Jazz" in 1930.
Lantz' Woody Woodpecker made his first appearance in the 1940 film,
"Knock, Knock". He became so popular that his wacky laugh and
taunting ways were celebrated in "The Woody Woodpecker Song". By
1948, Lantz and his studio were celebrating the hit record success of
that song, too.
Walter Lantz put several more decades of wonderful cartoon characters
and films under his belt before he was honored by the Academy of
Motion Picture Arts and Science. It was 1979 when he was recognized
with the Lifetime Achievement Award at the Oscar ceremonies.
Walter Lantz has left us and many generations to come with a lifetime
of enjoyment; one can still see Woody Woodpecker in cartoons on
television. You'll recognize that zany laugh anywhere!

** Events
1938 - Geraldine Apponyi was the first American woman to become a
Queen. She married King Zog of Albania.
1947 - Organized baseball celebrated Babe Ruth Day. Major-league
parks throughout the U.S. and Japan participated. A crowd of 60,000
fans honored their hero in ceremonies at Yankee Stadium in New York
City. Ruth, who was dying of throat cancer, managed to put in an
appearance to thank his former club.
1983 - Nolan Ryan of the Houston Astros broke Walter Johnson's
strikeout record. He struck out the 3,509th batter of his career. The
Astros won 4-2 over Montreal. Johnson's record had been in the books
for 55 years before being eclipsed by 'The Ryan Express'.

** Birthday Board
1737 - Edward Gibbon (historian, author: History of the Decline and
Fall of the Roman Empire)
1791 - Samuel F.B. (Finley Breese) Morse (inventor: electromagnetic
telegraph: 1st telegraph message: "What hath God wrought?")
1822 - Ulysses S. Grant (18th U.S. President [1869-1877]; married to
Julia Dent [three sons, one daughter]; Lt. General in command of all
Union armies during U.S. Civil War; nickname: Hero of Appomattox;
passed away July 23, 1885)

** Chart Toppers - 1989
Like a Prayer - Madonna
Funky Cold Medina - Tone Loc
I'll Be There for You - Bon Jovi
The Church on Cumberland Road - Shenandoah

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 172 of 402: Plutarch of the Spring  (MarciaH) * Thu, Apr 27, 2000 (18:53) * 52 lines 
Time Capsule - April 27
The American-owned steamship "The Atlantic" began regular
trans-Atlantic passenger service on this date in 1850. It was
the first U.S. vessel to challenge what had previously been a
British monopoly.
In 1984, an 11-day siege of Libya's London embassy that began
with the shooting of a policewoman ended. Britain broke
diplomatic relations with Libya over the incident.
In 1987, Attorney General Edwin Meese barred Austrian
President Kurt Waldheim from the United States, citing the
alleged role of the former United Nations secretary-general
in Nazi war crimes.
In 1991, an estimated 70 tornadoes hit Kansas, Texas, Oklahoma,
Arkansas, Missouri, Nebraska and Iowa, killing 23 people and
leaving thousands homeless.
Also in 1991, the first group of Kurdish refugees to return to
Iraq arrived by U.S. military helicopter at a safe haven near
the Turkish border.
In 1993, Kuwait said it had foiled an Iraqi plot to assassinate
former President Bush during his visit earlier in the month.
Also in 1993, the final vote tallies showed Russia's Boris
Yeltsin winning a solid victory in a referendum on his
presidency and economic reforms.
In 1994, former President Nixon was buried at the Richard Nixon
Library and Birthplace in Yorba Linda, Calif.
Also in 1994, fighting flared anew in Rwanda only one day after
separate cease-fires by rival tribes took effect.
And in 1994, Virginia executed a condemned killer in the first
case in which DNA testing was used to obtain a conviction.
In 1997, authorities surrounded the "embassy" of a separatist
group calling itself the Republic of Texas after its armed
members took a couple hostage near Fort Davis, Texas. The
standoff ended May 3 with the arrests or surrender of a total
of 13 people, including leader Richard McLaren.
+------------------ Birthdays ------------------+
English historian Edward Gibbon in 1737
Samuel F.B. Morse, American artist and inventor of magnetic
telegraphy, in 1791
Ulysses S. Grant, Civil War general and 18th president of the United States,
in 1822
Wallace Carothers, inventor of nylon, in 1896
English poet C. Day Lewis in 1904
Actor Jack Klugman in 1922 (age 78)
Coretta Scott King, widow of civil rights leader Martin Luther
King Jr., in 1927 (age 73)
Radio/TV host Casey Kasem in 1932 (age 68)
Actress Sandy Dennis in 1937
Pop singer Sheena Easton in 1959 (age 41)

The first Social Security payment was made in the United
States on this date in 1937.

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 173 of 402: Plutarch of the Spring  (MarciaH) * Fri, Apr 28, 2000 (12:52) * 51 lines 
Strive.To Know Your History for April 28:

** This is Small Car Day!
Small cars were offered for sale in the U.S. for the first time on
this day in 1939. Actually, these little cars would make today's
compact cars look like land yachts! Imagine a car that sold for $325,
was 10-feet long, had an 80-inch wheelbase and a four-gallon gas
tank. We just described the Crosley which became fairly popular back
in 1939 -- but wouldn't survive.
Once the war effort got underway, auto manufacturing was cut back for
defense needs. After World War II, people wanted luxury and size in
their automobiles; considered better for family needs. The little
Crosley fought an uphill battle and was replaced less than 15 years
later by the popular German Volkswagen Beetle. Remember? It was more
affectionately called The Bug. Every now and then we see one of these
little cars (with their engines in the trunk) still chugging around.
The Bug's newest relative, the version with bug-eyed headlights (the
engine's in the front), is the latest popular small car.
The next really small car promises to be the electric one ... and,
they are small, very small ... hardly bigger than a roller skate.

** Events
1788 - Maryland was one of the first of the United States of America,
entering the Union as number seven on this day. Its capital city,
Annapolis, is famous as the home of the U.S. Naval Academy. Maryland,
the Free State, calls the black-eyed Susan its state flower, and the
Baltimore Orioles are the ... yes, the state's baseball team ... but
also, the state birds.
1932 - A vaccine against yellow fever was announced this day.
1967 - Muhammad Ali, the former Cassius Clay, refused induction into
the U.S. Army. Critics and supporters spent years discussing the
boxing champ's refusal to serve in the armed forces. In fact, Ali's
world heavyweight crown was later taken away from him as a result of
his actions, which he said were based on religious grounds.
1987 - For the first time, a compact disc of an album was released
before its vinyl counterpart. "The Art of Excellence" by Tony
Bennett, his first recorded work in a decade, went on sale.

** Birthday Board
1758 - James Monroe (5th U.S. President [1817-1825]; married to Elizabeth
Kortright [one son, two daughters]; nickname: The Last Cocked Hat;
passed away July 4, 1831)
1828 - Mifflin Gibbs (judge: 1st black man in U.S. to be elected a
judge [Little Rock, Arkansas City Judge, 1873])

** Chart Toppers
Nothing Compares 2 U - Sinead O'Connor
I Wanna Be Rich - Calloway
How Can We Be Lovers - Michael Bolton
Love on Arrival - Dan Seals

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 174 of 402: Plutarch of the Spring  (MarciaH) * Fri, Apr 28, 2000 (12:55) * 54 lines 
Time Capsule - April 28

In 1788, Maryland ratified the Constitution, becoming the
seventh state of the Union.

In 1975, the last American civilians were evacuated from
South Vietnam as North Vietnamese forces tightened their
noose around Saigon.

In 1788, Maryland ratified the Constitution, becoming the
seventh state of the Union.

In 1945, fascist leader Benito Mussolini was executed by Italian

In 1975, the last American civilians were evacuated from South
Vietnam as North Vietnamese forces tightened their noose around

In 1986, the Soviet Union announced the Chernobyl nuclear
reactor fire had killed two people, with 197 hospitalized. Nine
months later, it reported 31 had died and 231 suffered radiation

In 1988, an Aloha Airlines Boeing 737 lost an 18-foot chunk of
fuselage at 24,000 feet between Hilo and Honolulu, Hawaii,
killing a woman flight attendant. The pilot landed on Maui with
the remaining 94 passengers and crew, 61 of them injured.

In 1993, Defense Secretary Aspin opened combat aircraft to
military service women and sought a change in the law to allow
women to serve on naval combat vessels.

Also in 1993, Attorney General Reno says she ordered the
ill-fated end to Waco, Texas, standoff after being convinced
David Koresh would never give up voluntarily, and that mass
suicide was unlikely.

In 1994, the Navy expelled 24 midshipmen from the U.S Naval
Academy in what was said to be the biggest cheating scandal
in Annapolis history.

Also in 1994, former CIA officer Aldrich Ames pleaded guilty
to spying for the Soviet Union and Russia.

In 1996, President Clinton testified via videotape as a
defense witness in the Whitewater trial.

Also in 1996, a rampage by a gunman in Port Arthur, Tasmania,
Australia, killed a total of 35 people.

In 1997, separatists holed up inside their "embassy" near Fort
Davis, Texas, released their two hostages.

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 175 of 402: Plutarch of the Spring  (MarciaH) * Fri, Apr 28, 2000 (13:50) * 63 lines 
Music History - April 28, 2000

In 1963, Andrew Oldham saw the Rolling Stones perform for
the first time at the Crawdaddy Club in London. He became
the group's manager and producer the next day.

In 1980, Marshall Tucker Band bassist Tommy Caldwell died
of head injuries following a car accident near his hometown
of Spartanburg, S.C. He was 30.

In 1984, what would be the Judds' first No.1 hit, "Mama He's
Crazy," entered the music charts.

In 1987, Rolling Stone Bill Wyman founded AIMS to provide
promising young musicians with affordable time in recording

Also in 1987, Ray Charles testified before Congress on
behalf of increased funding for hearing research, telling
lawmakers: "My eyes are my handicap, but my ears are my

In 1987, Sweden said it wouldn't exempt Frank Sinatra from
a special tax on his upcoming show because he'd broken an
artistic boycott of South Africa.

In 1988, B.W. Stevenson -- who had a top-10 single in 1973
with "My Maria" -- died following heart surgery. He was 38.

In 1990, Axl Rose of Guns N' Roses married Erin Everly --
daughter of Don, the older of the Everly Brothers -- in
Las Vegas. They would divorce within a year.

In 1993, Prince announced he was retiring from studio
recording to concentrate on theater, film and nightclubs.
He didn't.

Also in 1993, a Cleveland newspaper reported Paul McCartney
would perform a benefit concert for the formal groundbreaking
of the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame and Museum.

In 1994, Lisa Marie Presley -- Elvis' only child -- and her
musician-husband Danny Keough announced they were divorcing
after five-and-a-half years of marriage and two children.

In 1995, Dr. John, Los Lobos, and Peter Paul and Mary were
among the headliners at the 26th annual New Orleans Jazz and
Heritage Festival.

In 1997, Cyndi Lauper announced on a Fox TV Network morning
show that she was pregnant. It was the first child for her
and her husband, actor David Thornton.

In 1999, members of The Verve confirmed reports that they're
breaking up.

Also in 1999, members of R.E.M. made their TV series debut
on Fox TV's "Party of Five."

In 1999, Tom Petty and the Heartbreakers received a star on
the Hollywood Walk of Fame.

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 176 of 402: Spring Archivist  (MarciaH) * Fri, Apr 28, 2000 (15:04) * 35 lines 
Reuters Today in History for April 28
LONDON (Reuters) - Here are some notable events from this date in history:
1758 - James Monroe, fifth U.S. president, born. His Monroe Doctrine of 1823
said the American continents ``are henceforth not to be considered as
subjects for future colonization by any European power.''
1788 - Maryland became the seventh state of the Union.
1789 - On a return journey from Tahiti, crew members of the Bounty led by
Fletcher Christian staged a mutiny against Captain William Bligh, who was
cast adrift. He managed to reach Timor near Java on June 14 after sailing over
3,500 miles.
1878 - Lionel Barrymore, U.S. actor of stage and screen, born.
1937 - Saddam Hussein, Iraqi president since 1979, born.
1940 - Luisa Tetrazzini, Italian soprano, died.
1945 - Benito Mussolini, Italian dictator, was executed by partisans near
Lake Como one day after his capture.
1950 - American TV talk show host Jay Leno born in New York state.
1952 - Japan regained her sovereignty and independence when the peace
treaty signed in San Francisco in 1951 came into effect.
1977 - Andreas Baader and other members of the Baader-Meinhof urban
guerrilla group were jailed for life after a trial lasting nearly two years in
Stuttgart, Germany.
1980 - U.S. Secretary of State Cyrus Vance resigned; he did not support the
failed commando mission to rescue American hostages in Iran.
1989 - Argentina, hit by hyperinflation, ran out of money, leaving thousands
stranded without cash.
1989 - Iran protested against the exhibition and sale of the novel ``The
Satanic Verses'' by Salman Rushdie at the Geneva international book fair.
1992 - Olivier Messiaen, French composer, died at 83 in Paris after a career
spanning nearly 60 years.
1994 - Aldrich Ames, former CIA officer, and his wife Rosario pleaded guilty to
spying for Moscow. He was sentenced to life in prison.
1998 - British explorer David Hempleman-Adams reached the geographic
North Pole, becoming the first person to reach the earth's magnetic and
geographic poles.

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 177 of 402: Spring Archivist  (MarciaH) * Sat, Apr 29, 2000 (11:28) * 38 lines 
Reuters Today in History for April 29
LONDON, April 22 (Reuters) - Following are some of the major events to
have occurred on April 29 in history:
1429 - Joan of Arc entered Orleans with supplies seven months into the siege
of the city in the Hundred Years War; the siege was lifted a week later.
1863 - William Randolph Hearst, American newspaper publisher, born. He
developed a sensational style of journalism featuring banner headlines and
lavish illustrations.
1879 - Sir Thomas Beecham, English conductor, born. He founded the Royal
Philharmonic Orchestra in 1947 and did much to promote the works of Delius,
Sibelius and Richard Strauss.
1895 - Sir Malcolm Sargent, English conductor, born. He was in charge of the
Liverpool Philharmonic Orchestra (1942-1948) and of the BBC Symphony
Orchestra (1950-1957).
1899 - Duke Ellington, U.S. band leader, pianist and jazz musician, born as
Edward Kennedy Ellington. He became one of the most important jazz
composers, producing about 2,000 works.
1901 - Emperor Hirohito of Japan born. In 1946, with Japan under American
occupation, Hirohito renounced his divinity and most of his powers.
1907 - Fred Zinnemann, film director of such films as ``High Noon'' and ``From
Here to Eternity,'' born in Vienna.
1913 - The improved version of the zipper was patented by Swedish engineer
Gideon Sundback as a ``separable fastener.''
1936 - Zubin Mehta, Indian conductor and violinist, born.
1945 - The terms of surrender of the German armies in Italy were signed;
Venice and Mestre were captured by the Allies; in Berlin Adolf Hitler married
Eva Braun, but also made his will naming Admiral Doenitz as his successor;
American forces liberated the Dachau concentration camp.
1954 - Comedian Jerry Seinfeld, star and co-creator of his eponymous ``show
about nothing,'' born in Brooklyn, New York.
1970 - American tennis star Andre Agassi born.
1975 - In the closing hours of the Vietnam War, the last U.S. troops were
evacuated from Saigon. In chaotic scenes at the American Embassy,
thousands of Vietnamese were ferried out as well.
1980 - Sir Alfred Hitchcock, British-born film director best known for his
suspense thrillers, notably ``Psycho,'' died.
1981 - In England, Peter Sutcliffe admitted he was the Yorkshire Ripper,
murderer of 13 women.

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 178 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Sat, Apr 29, 2000 (21:27) * 418 lines 
On April 29... 119th day of year with 246 days left (Numerology = 6)
Happy Birthday to:
In 1584, Melchior Teschner, composer
In 1636, Esaias Reusner, composer
In 1642, Christian Weise, German writer (Niederl„ndische Bauer)
In 1660, Matthias Henriksen Schacht, composer
In 1667, John Arbuthnot, Scottish writer (Alexander Pope)
In 1727, Jean-Georges Noverre, French dancer/choreographer (ballet d'action)
In 1745, Oliver Ellsworth, 3rd Chief Justice Supreme Court (1796-1800)
In 1771, Matthaus Stegmayer, composer
In 1780, Charles Nodier, French writer (La f‚e aux miettes)
In 1783, David Cox, English painter (Treatise on landscape painting)
In 1806, Earnest Freiherr von Feuchtersleben, Austria, physician/philosopher
In 1808, Hermann Schulze-Delitzsch, German politician/reformer [or 1883]
In 1815, Abram Duryee, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1890
In 1818, Alexander II N Romanov, Tsar of Russia (1855-81)
In 1830, Adolph Sutro, SF mayor, built Cliff House, railways, tunnels
In 1842, Karl Mill”cker, Austria conductor/composer (Beggar Student)
In 1854, Henri Poincar‚, France, mathematician/astronomer/philosopher
In 1855, Anatol K Liadov, Russian composer (Bewitched Lake) [OS]
In 1855, Edmund van der Straeten, composer
In 1857, Edouard Rod, France/Swiss writer (Mishel' Tes'e)
In 1857, Frantisek Ondricek, composer
In 1860, Lorado Taft, US, sculptor (Black Hawk)
In 1862, Vittorio Mario Vanzo, composer
In 1863, William Randolph Hearst, publisher (SF Examiner, Seattle P-I)
In 1871, Louis William Stern, German/US philosopher (Intelligence of Children)
In 1872, Eyvind Alnaes, composer
In 1873, Alida J M Tartaud-Klein, actress/stage star (Rotterdam Stage)
In 1879, Thomas Beecham, England, composer (found London Philharmonic)
In 1882, Hendrik N Werkman, painter/printer/resistance fighter (Hot printing)
In 1885, Egon E Kisch, Czech writer/journalist (Rasende Reporter)
In 1885, Wallingford Riegger, Albany Georgia, composer (Bacchangle)
In 1893, Elisaveta Bagrjana, [Beltsheva], Bulgaria, poet
In 1893, Harold C Urey, Ind, physicist (Deuterium, Nobel 1934)
In 1894, Paul H”rbiger, Budapest Hungary, actor (Liebelei)
In 1895, Malcolm Sargent, English conductor (Promenade Concerts)
In 1896, Jacques Leon Wolfe, composer
In 1896, Walter Mehring, writer
In 1899, Duke Ellington, Wash DC, [Edward Kennedy], bandleader (Take "A" Train)
In 1899, Karl Yngve Skold, composer
In 1899, Natalie Talmadge, actress (Our Hospitality)
In 19--, Greg Christian, rocker (Testament-Souls of Black)
In 19--, Mark Kendall, rocker (Great White-Twice Shy)
In 19--, Norman Felton, London England, TV producer (Man from U.N.C.L.E.)
In 19--, Richard Kline, NYC, actor (Larry-3's Company, Richie-It's a Living)
In 19--, Susan Pratt, actress (Anne-General Hospital, Barbara-Guiding Light)
In 19--, Vincent Ventresca, actor (Prof Jack Reed-Boston Common)
In 1901, George Osborne Sayles, historian
In 1901, Hirohito, Emperor of Japan (1926-89)
In 1902, Theodore Chanler, composer
In 1903, Frank Parker, NYC, singer (Arthur Godfrey Show, Masquerade Party)
In 1904, Enrico Mattei, Italian oil magnate
In 1904, Russ Morgan, Scranton Pa, orch leader (Welcome Aboard)
In 1907, Fred Zinneman, Austria, director (From Here to Eternity, Julia)
In 1907, Tino Rossi, Ajaccio France, singer (Deux Amours, Marlene)
In 1908, Jack [Stewart] Williamson, US, sci-fi author (Cometeers)
In 1908, Philippe Brun, jazz trumpeter
In 1909, Daniel Raphael Mayer, journalist/resistance leader
In 1909, Tom Ewell, [S Yewell Tompkins], Ky, actor (Tom Ewell Show, 7 Yr Itch)
In 1910, John Beavan, newspaper editor
In 1912, Italo Valenti, Italian sculptor
In 1912, Richard Carlson, MN, actor (All I Desire, Flat Top, Valley of Gwangi)
In 1912, Terence de Vere White, novelist/critic
In 1913, Jack Alexander Bently, trombonist
In 1913, Thomas Chalmers, broadcaster
In 1914, Ewan Roberts, Edinburgh Scotland, actress (Pvt Benjamin)
In 1915, Donald Mills, singer (Mills Brothers)
In 1918, Mervyn Roye Harvey, cricketer (brother of Neil, Test for Australia)
In 1919, Celeste Holm, NYC, actress (Gentleman's Agreement, All About Eve)
In 1920, Edward Blishen, writer teacher/broadcaster
In 1920, Harold Samuel Shapero, Lynn Mass, composer (9 Minute Opera)
In 1921, Cornelis de Jager, Dutch astronomer (Sun)
In 1922, George Allen, football coach (LA Rams, Washington Redskins)
In 1922, Parren J Mitchell, (Rep-D-MD, 1971- )
In 1922, Tommy Noonan, WA, actor (Gentlemen Prefer Blondes, Promises Promises)
In 1922, Toots [Jean] Thielemans, Belgian/US jazz musician/composer
In 1923, Irvin Kershner, Phila, director (Never Say Never Again)
In 1923, Maxine Audley, London, actress (Peeping Tom, Ricochet, House of Cards)
In 1924, Al Balding, Toronto Ont, Canadian Tour golfer (Quebec Open-1952)
In 1924, Ren‚e Jeanmaire, Paris France, dancer (Hans Christian Anderson)
In 1925, Ab Abspoel, Dutch actor/director (Surprise Attack, Elevator)
In 1925, Danny Davis, rocker (Nashville Brass
In 1926, Carie Meek, (Rep-D-Florida)
In 1927, Betsy Ancker-Johnson, physicist/auto company exec
In 1927, Dorothy Manley, England, 100m sprint (Olympic-silver-1948)
In 1928, Big Jay McNeely, rocker
In 1928, Carl Gardner, Tyler Tx, rock vocalist (Coasters-Searchin)
In 1929, Peter Joshua Sculthorpe, composer
In 1929, Vaclav Kucera, composer
In 1929, W Kempowski, writer
In 1929, Walter Kempowski, German writer (Tadell”ser & Wolff)
In 1929, [John] Jeremy Thorpe, British MP (Liberal)
In 1930, Alf Valentine, cricketer (great West Indian lefty spinner)
In 1930, Alfred Lewis Valentine, Jamaican cricket player
In 1931, Aleksei Aleksandrovich Gubarev, USSR, cosmonaut (Soyuz 17, 28)
In 1931, Anthony "Lonnie" Donegan, Scotish skiffle vocalist/guitarist
In 1931, Lonnie Donegan, Glasgow Scotland, vocalist
In 1931, William Ball, actor (Suburban Commando)
In 1932, King Hu, film director
In 1932, Yevgeni Alekseyevich Zaikin, Russian cosmonaut (Voshkod 2 backup)
In 1933, Darijan Bozic, composer
In 1933, Keith Baxter, South Wales, actor (Barretts at Wimpole Street)
In 1933, Raymond Earl Hill, saxophonist
In 1933, Rod Marvin McKuen, Oakland Calif, singer/composer (Alone, Beatsville)
In 1934, Pedro Pires, premier (Cape Verde, 1975-91)
In 1935, Len Weinrib, NYC, comedian (Spike Jones Show)
In 1935, Otto M Zykan, composer
In 1936, April Stevens, Niagara Falls NY, rock vocalist (Deep Purple)
In 1936, Jacob Rothschild, English banker/multi-millionaire
In 1936, Lane Smith, Memphis TN, actor (Perry White-Lois & Clark)
In 1936, Richard Lynch, actor (Xavier-Battlestar Galactica)
In 1936, Zubin Mehta, Bombay India, conductor (NY Philharmonic)
In 1940, Brian Taber, cricket wicket-keeper (Australian between Grout & Marsh)
In 1941, Jonah Barrington, British World champion squash player (1966-73)
In 1942, Klaus Voorman, rock bassist (Manfred Mann-Mighty Quinn)
In 1943, Duane Allen, Taylortown Texas, country singer (Oak Ridge Boys-Elvira)
In 1944, Benedikte, Danish princess/daughter of Frederik IX
In 1944, Jim Hart, Evanston, Ill, NFL quarterback (St Louis Cardinals)
In 1945, Hugh Hopper, rocker (Soft Machine)
In 1945, Richard Warwick, actor (Johnny Dangerously, Sebastine, If)
In 1945, [Thomasina] Tammi Terrell, [Montgomery], singer (Ain't No Mt High)
In 1946, Franc Roddam, director (K2, Bride, Aria, Quadrophenia)
In 1947, Jim Ryun, US, 1500m runner/broke 4 minute mile (Olympic-silver-1968)
In 1947, John Laurence Miller, SF CA, golfer (US Open 1973, British Open 1976)
In 1947, Tommy James, singer (cri-im-son & clo-o-ver o-o-ver & o-o-ver)
In 1948, Reb Brown, Los Angeles CA, actor (Cage, Yor, Capt America, Fast Break)
In 1949, Anita Dobson, England, actress (Annie Watts-EastEnders)
In 1949, Eddie Hart, US, 100m runner (Olympic-1972)
In 1949, Francis Rossi, England, guitarist/vocalist (Status Quo-Down Down)
In 1952, Deborah Van Valkenburgh, Schnectady, actress (Too Close for Comfort)
In 1952, Nora Dunn, Chic Ill, comedienne (SNL, Miami Blues, Working Girl)
In 1953, Dale Earnhardt, auto racer (6-time NASCAR national champion)
In 1953, Nikolai Nikolayevich Budarin, Kirya Russia, cosmonaut (STS 71, TM-27)
In 1954, Bill Paxon, (Rep-R-New York)
In 1954, Deborah Iyall, rocker (Romeo Void)
In 1955, Jerry Seinfeld, comedian/actor (Jerry-Seinfeld)
In 1955, Kate Mulgrew, Dubuque Iowa, actress (Capt Janeway-Star Trek Voyager)
In 1956, Ron Verlin, rocker (Shooting Star)
In 1957, Richie C Robertson, rock bassist/vocalist (Fabulous Poodles)
In 1958, Daniel Day-Lewis, England, actor (Last of the Mohicans, My Left Foot)
In 1958, Eve Plumb, Burbank, actress (Jan-Brady Bunch, I'm Gonna Get You Sucka)
In 1958, Michelle Pfeiffer, Midway City Calif, actress (Married to the Mob)
In 1958, Simon Edwards, rocker (Fairground Attraction-Find My Love)
In 1960, Gerard Joling, Dutch singer (Love is in Your Eyes)
In 1960, Joseph Guzaldo, Chicago Ill, actor (Stir Crazy)
In 1960, William Lee Glasson Jr, Fresno CA, PGA golfer (1985 Kemper Open)
In 1962, Bruce Driver, Toronto, NHL defenseman (NY Rangers)
In 1962, Dieter Hegen, Kaufbeuren GER, hockey forward (Team Germany 1998)
In 1962, Robert Druppers, runner (world record 1 km indoor)
In 1965, Reggie Miller, NBA player (Indiana Pacers)
In 1966, John VanderWal, Grand Rapids MI, outfielder (Colorado Rockies)
In 1966, Phil Tufnell, cricketer (England slow lefty & slower fieldsman)
In 1967, Curtis Joseph, Keswick Ont, NHL goalie (Team Canada, Edmonton Oilers)
In 1967, Elizabeth "Betsy" McCagg, Kirkland Wash, rower (Olympics-4th-92, 96)
In 1967, Mary McCagg, Seattle Wash, rower (Olympics-4th-92, 96)
In 1967, Rachel Williams, Greenwich Village NY, model (Absolut Vodka, Elle)
In 1968, Browning Nagle, NFL quarterback (NY Jets, Atlanta Falcons)
In 1968, Carnie Wilson, LA Calif, rock vocalist (Wilson Phillips-Hold On)
In 1969, Arthur Marshall, NFL wide receiver (NY Giants)
In 1970, Andre Agassi, Las Vegas Nev, tennis star (Oly-gold-96, US Open 1994)
In 1970, Arnaud Briand, hockey forward (Team France 1998)
In 1970, Derrick Frazier, NFL cornerback (Phila Eagles)
In 1970, J R Phillips, West Covina CA, infielder (Phila Phillies)
In 1970, Leuea Tagoai, CFL defensive end (Winnipeg Blue Bombers)
In 1970, Mark McMillian, NFL cornerback (Phila Eagles, KC Chiefs)
In 1970, Uma Thurman, Boston Mass, actress (Baron Munchausen, Pulp Fiction)
In 1970, William Martin III, Charleston SC, finn yachter (Olympics-23rd-1996)
In 1971, Sterling Hitchcock, Fayetteville NC, pitcher (NY Yanks, Sea Mariners)
In 1972, Gwendolyn Wentland, Flint Michigan, high jumper
In 1974, Alana Blahoski, ice hockey forward (USA, Oly-98)
In 1975, John Macready, LA Calif, gymnast (Olympics-5th-96)
In 1976, God Shammgod, NBA guard (Wash Wizards)
In 1976, Nayla Micherif, Miss Brazil Universe (1997)
In 1978, Mike Bryan, Oxnard Calif, tennis star (USTA National 18 doubles)
In 1993, Aurelia Clasina Lucia Wildeboer, daughter of Pieter & Mirtle

Sorry to see these people go:
In , Amalarius/Fortunatus/Symphosius of Metz/Lyon, bishop, dies at 76
In 1499, John IV, Dutch army leader/earl of Egmond, dies
In 1535, John Houghton, English, executed
In 1676, Michiel A de Ruyter, Dutch rear-admiral, (Newport), killed at 69
In 1699, Samuel Apostool, vicar/theologist (Zonisten), dies at 50
In 1712, Juan Bautista Jose Cabanilles, composer, dies at 67
In 1813, Christian Danner, composer, dies at 55
In 1841, A Bertrand, writer, dies
In 1864, Charles-Julien Brianchon, math (Brianchon's theorem), dies at 80
In 1871, John Gelinde van Blom, Fries notary/author, dies at 75
In 1905, Ignacio Cervantes, composer, dies at 57
In 1918, Gavrilo Princip, Bosnian murderer of arch duke Ferdinand, dies at 22
In 1921, Arthur Mold, Brit cricket bowler (1893, banished for throwing), dies
In 1928, Henrich Federer, Switz, writer (I Switch Off The Light), dies at 61
In 1935, Leroy Carr, rocker, dies=
In 1936, Florentinus M Wibaut, Amsterdam social alderman, dies at 76
In 1943, Joseph Achron, Latvian violinist/composer (Golem suite), dies at 56
In 1943, Karl Adrian Wohlfart, composer, dies at 68
In 1943, Sidney A K Keyes, English poet (Foreign Gate), dies at 20
In 1947, Irving Fisher, US economist, dies at 80
In 1951, Jules Verstraete, [Julien G de Graef], actor (Boefje), dies at 67
In 1951, Ludwig J J Wittgenstein, Austria/English philosopher, dies at 62
In 1953, Mo‹se Kisling, Polish/French painter (La souris boiteuse), dies at 62
In 1954, Ernst Heldring, Dutch merchant/ship owner/financier, dies at 82
In 1956, Nemesio Otano y Eugenio, composer, dies at 75
In 1957, Otallo Morales, composer, dies at 82
In 1964, Albert Saverys, Flemish painter, dies at 77
In 1966, Eugene O'Brien, actor (Rebecca of Sunnybrook Farm), dies at 85
In 1967, Anthony Mann, US director (El Cid, Last Frontier), dies at 60
In 1968, Frankie Lymon, rocker (& Teenagers), dies of a drug overdose at 25
In 1972, Ntare V, deposed King of Burundi, killed in an abortive coup
In 1973, Manfred Gurlitt, composer, dies at 82
In 1975, Charles McMahon Jr, US USMC lance corporal, killed in Vietnam
In 1975, Darwin Judge, USMC-corporal, 1 of last US soldiers killed in Viet
In 1975, Michael John Shea, USMC-lt/pilot, 1 of last soldiers killed in Vietnam
In 1975, William Craig Nystul, USMC capt, 1 of last US soldiers killed in Viet
In 1976, Wilhelm Maler, composer, dies at 73
In 1979, Julia A Perry, US composer/conductor (Soul Symphony), dies at 55
In 1980, Alfred Joseph Hitchcock, British director (Psycho, Birds), dies at 80
In 1984, Marvin Gaye, rocker (Sexual Healing), shot dead by his father at 45
In 1986, Seamus McElwaine, Irish IRA-terrorist, killed at 25
In 1988, Andrew Cruickshank, actor (Body in Library, Murder Most Foul), dies
In 1988, Jan Kapr, composer, dies at 74
In 1991, Claude Gallimard, French publisher, dies
In 1992, Mae Clarke, actress (Public Enemy, Frankenstein), dies at 84
In 1993, Cy Howard, director (Lovers & Other Strangers), dies at 77
In 1993, Michael Gordon, actor/director (Pillow Talk), dies at 83
In 1993, Mick Ronson, English guitarist/producer (Mott the Hoople), dies at 46
In 1994, Bill Quinn, US actor (Quinn Brothers, Birds, Lucky Stiff), dies at 81
In 1994, Erik Erikson, anthropologist, dies at 53
In 1994, Oscar Sheldon A Williams, artist/critic, dies at 74
In 1995, Robert Gibb, zoo/theme park creator, dies at 57
In 1996, David William Eric Davis, broadcaster, dies at 87
In 1996, Jaime Garcia Terre, poet/essayist, dies at 71
In 1996, Siti Hartinah Suharto, wife of Pres Suharto of Indonesia, dies at 72
In 1996, Tony Hymphris, political activist, dies at 45
In 1997, Keith Ferguson, blues (Fabulous Thunderbirds), dies of overdose at 50
In 1997, Mike Royko, columnist, dies of stroke at 64
In 1997, Peter Tali Coleman, gov of Americ Samoa (1956-61, 78-85, 89-93), dies

In 1091, Battle at Monte Levunium: Emperor Alexius I beats Petshegenes
In 1429, Joan of Arc leads Orleans, France, to victory over English
In 1522, Emperor Charles V names Frans van Holly inquisitor-gen of Netherlands
In 1540, Emperor Charles declares all privileges of Gent ended
In 1550, Emperor Charles V gives inquisiters additional authority
In 1553, Flemish woman introduces practice of starching linen into England
In 1623, 11 Dutch ships depart for the conquest of Peru
In 1628, Sweden & Denmark sign defense treaty against Duke of Wallenstein
In 1636, Prince Frederik Henry occupies Schenkenschans
In 1644, Farm leader Li Zicheng becomes emperor of China & flees Peking
In 1661, Chinese Ming dynasty occupies Taiwan
In 1670, Pope Clemens X elected
In 1701, Drenthe Neth adopts Gregorian calendar, tomorrow is May 12, 1701
In 1706, Emperor Jozef I becomes monarch of Cologne/Bavaria
In 1707, English/Scottish parliament accept Act of Union, form Great Britain
In 1715, John Flamsteed observes Uranus for 6th time
In 1781, French fleet occupies Tobago
In 1781, French fleet stopped Britain from seizing the Cape of Good Hope
In 1784, Premiere of Mozart's Sonata in B flat, K454 (Vienna)
In 1793, Cornerstone laid for Groningen's new townhall
In 1813, Rubber is patented
In 1834, Charles Darwin's expedition sees top of Andes from Patagonia
In 1845, Macon B Allen & Robert Morris Jr, 1st blacks to open law practice
In 1852, 1st edition of Peter Roget's Thesaurus published
In 1853, Comet C/1853 G1 (Schweizer) approaches within 0.0839 AUs of Earth
In 1856, Peace between England & Russia
In 1857, US Army, Pacific Div HQ permanently forms at Presidio (SF)
In 1861, Maryland's House of Delegates votes against seceding from Union
In 1861, R Luther discovers asteroid #68 Leto
In 1862, 100,000 federal troops prepare to march into Corinth, Miss
In 1862, New Orleans fell to Union forces during Civil War
In 1863, Battle of Chancellordville, VA (Fredericksburg, Wilderness Tavern)
In 1864, -30] Skirmish at Jenkins' Ferry, Arkansas
In 1886, 1st public Dutch electricity opens
In 1888, Old Kavallison, Congo: Stanley meet Emin Pasha
In 1892, Charlie Reilly is baseball's 1st pinch hitter
In 1894, Commonweal of Christ (Coxey's Army) arrives in Wash, DC 500 strong
In 1894, to protest unemployment; Coxey arrested for trespassing at Capitol
In 1901, 27th Kentucky Derby: Jimmy Winkfield on His Eminence wins in 2:07.75
In 1901, Anti semitic riot in Budapest
In 1902, Max Wolf discovers asteroid #484 Pittsburghia
In 1903, Limestone slides at Turtle Mountain kills 9 (Frank Alberta)
In 1905, 2" rain falls in 10 mins in Taylor, TX
In 1905, Pierre de Brazza lands in Libreville Gabon
In 1910, Ex-president Theodore Roosevelt visits Amsterdam
In 1912, 108ø F (42ø C), Tuguegarao, Philippines (Oceania record)
In 1912, Frank Wedekind's "Tod und Teufel," premieres in Berlin
In 1913, Swedish engineer Gideon Sundback of Hoboken patents all-purpose zipper
In 1916, Irish nationalists set post office on fire in Dublin
In 1918, Tris Speaker ties career outfield record of 4 unassisted double plays
In 1921, B Jekhovsky discovers asteroid #953 Painleva
In 1922, 1st official Intl Weightlifting Federation Champ (Tallinn, Estonia)
In 1925, Netherlands returns to gold standard
In 1926, France & US reach accord on repayment of WW I
In 1927, Construction of Spirit of St Louis is completed
In 1930, 123 runs are scored in 7 major league games
In 1930, C Jackson discovers asteroid #1268 Libya
In 1930, North Sea floodgate at Ijmuiden (biggest in world) officially opens
In 1930, Telephone connection England-Australia goes into service
In 1931, Cleve Indian Wes Ferrell no-hits St Louis Browns, 9-0
In 1934, Pitts is last major league city to play a home game on a Sunday
In 1936, 1st pro baseball game in Japan is played Nagoya defeats Daitokyo, 8-5
In 1938, G Neujmin discovers asteroid #1484 Postrema
In 1939, Whitestone Bridge connecting Bronx & Queens opens
In 1940, 1st radio broadcast of "Young Dr Malone" on CBS
In 1940, Norwegian King Haakon & govt flees to England
In 1940, Robert Sherwood's "There Shall be No Night," premieres in NYC
In 1942, Japanese troop march into Lashio, cuts off Burma Road
In 1942, Jews forced to wear a Jewish Star in Netherlands & Vichy-France
In 1943, Dietrich Bonh”ffer arrested by nazis
In 1943, No‰l Coward's "Present Laughter," premieres in London
In 1943, US 34th Division occupies Hill 609, North Tunisia
In 1944, Surprise attack by Van de Peat on General Landsdrukkerij in the Hague
In 1945, 1st food drop by RAF above nazi-occupied Holland (operation Manna)
In 1945, Adolf Hitler marries Eva Braun
In 1945, Japanese army evacuates Rangoon
In 1945, Terms of surrender of German armies in Italy signed
In 1945, US liberates 31,601 in Nazi concentration camp in Dachau Germany
In 1945, Venice & Mestre were captured by the Allies
In 1946, 28 former Jap leaders indicted in Tokyo as war criminals
In 1948, Bradman scores 107 Aust v Worcs, 152 mins, 15 fours
In 1953, Joe Adcock is 1st to homer into Polo Grounds' center field bleachers
In 1955, G Gronchi elected president of Italy
In 1956, Betsy Rawls wins LPGA Peach Blossom Golf Open
In 1956, WLUC TV channel 6 in Marquette, MI (CBS/NBC/ABC) begins broadcasting
In 1956, WSPA TV channel 7 in G'ville-Spartanburg, SC (CBS) begins broadcasting
In 1956, WWBT TV channel 12 in Richmond, VA (NBC) begins broadcasting
In 1957, 1st military nuclear power plant dedicated, Fort Belvoir Va
In 1961, ABC's "Wide World of Sports, debuts
In 1962, 16th Tony Awards: Man For All Seasons & How to Succeed win
In 1962, Mickey Wright wins LPGA Titleholders Golf Championship
In 1963, KRE-AM in Berkeley CA changes call letters to KPAT
In 1964, Princess Irene marries Spanish prince Carel Hugo de Bourbon Parma
In 1964, US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
In 1965, Australian govt announces it would send troops to Vietnam
In 1965, Earthquake hits Seattle; 5 die
In 1965, Malta is 18th member of Council of Europe
In 1967, Aretha Franklin releases "Respect"
In 1968, "Hair" opens at Biltmore Theater NYC for 1750 performances
In 1969, "Trumpets of the Lord" opens at Brooks Atkinson NYC for 7 perfs
In 1970, 50,000 US & South Vietnamese troops invade Cambodia
In 1971, Bill Graham closes down Fillmore & Fillmore East
In 1971, Boeing receives contract for Mariner 10, Mercury exploration
In 1971, US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
In 1973, Gloria Ehret wins LPGA Birmingham Golf Classic
In 1974, President Nixon said he will release edited tapes made in White House
In 1975, Ethiopia nationalizes all ground/earth
In 1975, Flyers 4-Isles 0-Semifinals-Flyers hold 1-0 lead
In 1976, Minister Irene Vorrink begins fluoridating Dutch drinking water
In 1977, British Aerospace forms
In 1979, Jane Blalock wins LPGA Otey Crisman Golf Classic
In 1981, Peter Sutcliffe admits he is the Yorkshire Ripper (murdered 13 women)
In 1981, Phillie Steve Carlton is 1st lefty to strike out 3,000 batters
In 1982, 17th Academy of Country Music Awards: Alabama, Barbara Mandrell
In 1982, Alfredo Magana elected pres of El Salvador
In 1982, Nordiques 2-Isles 5-Semifinals-Isles hold 2-0 lead
In 1983, Harold Washington sworn in as Chicago's 1st black mayor
In 1984, "Oliver!" opens at Mark Hellinger Theater NYC for 17 performances
In 1984, Betsy King wins LPGA Freedom/Orlando Golf Classic
In 1985, 17th space shuttle mission (51-B)-Challenger 7 launched
In 1985, Ranger Larry Parrish is 5th to hit 3 HRs in a game in both leagues
In 1985, Tony Tubbs TKOs Greg Page in 15 for heavyweight boxing title
In 1986, 800,000 books destroyed by fire in LA Central Library
In 1986, Boston Red Sox Roger Clemens strikes out 20 Seattle Mariners
In 1987, Chicago Cub Andre Dawson hits for cycle
In 1987, Japan's premier Nakasone visits the US
In 1988, "60 Minutes" newscaster Diane Sawyer weds Mike Nichols
In 1988, Burt Reynolds & Loni Anderson marry
In 1988, Orioles beat White Sox 9-0 for 1st 1988 win after 21 loses
In 1989, 2nd govt of Lubbers falls
In 1990, "Change in the Heir" opens at Edison Theater NYC for 16 performances
In 1990, A Zytkow & M J Irwin discover asteroid #8012
In 1990, Dan Quisenberry (all-time AL save king, 238) announces his retirement
In 1990, H Shiozawa & M Kizawa discover asteroid #6393
In 1990, STS-31 (Discovery 10) lands
In 1990, Wrecking cranes began tearing down Berlin Wall at Brandenburg Gate
In 1990, Y Mizuno & T Furuta discover asteroid #6392
In 1991, "Our Country's Good" opens at Nederlander Theater NYC for 48 perfs
In 1991, Croatia declares independence
In 1991, Cyclone strikes Bangladesh, 139,000 die/10 million homeless
In 1991, Earthquake in Georgia, kills 100
In 1992, "Falsettos" opens at John Golden Theater NYC for 487 performances
In 1992, 27th Academy of Country Music Awards: Garth Brooks
In 1992, Country singer Doug Stone, 35, undergoes quadruple bypass surgery
In 1992, Jury acquits LA police officers of beating Rodney King, riots begin
In 1992, Sheena Easton collapses on stage while performing in "Man of LaMancha"
In 1992, Voting ends on choice of Elvis stamps
In 1994, Ferry boat smashes into Mombasa Harbor Kenya, kills over 300
In 1994, Israel & PLO sign economic accord
In 1995, Final TV broadcast of "Empty Nest" on NBC TV
In 1995, KC Royal John Nonely is 70th to HR on his 1st at bat
In 1995, Longest sausage ever, at 2877 miles, made in Kitchener Ontario
In 1996, "Rent," opens at Nederlander Theater NYC
In 1996, Howard Stern Radio Show premieres in Fresno CA on KFRR 104.1 FM
In 1997, "Candide," opens at Gershwin Theater NYC for 103 performances
In 1997, KC Royal Chili Davis is 75th to hit 300 HRs
In 1998, 15th Miss Hawaiian Tropic crowned

[Alabama, Florida, Mississippi] Confederate Memorial Day (1868)
[Japan] Emperor Hirohito's Birthday
[US-Utah] Arbor Day-plant a tree (1872)

In 1252, [RC] Commemoration of St Peter of Verona, pontifical inquisitor
In 1380, [Ang] Commem of St Catherine of Siena, patron of Italy/virgin/doctor
In 1863, [Bah '¡] 9th day of Ridv n (Bah '¡ festival); Jam l 2, 20
In 2003, [Jewish] Yom Hashoah-Holocaust Memorial Day (Nisan 27, 5763)
In 2009, [Jewish] Yom Haatzmaut (Iyyar 5, 5769)
In 2020, [Jewish] Yom Haatzmaut (Iyyar 5, 5780)
In 2032, [Jewish] Lag B'Omer-Love for Holy Land Day (Iyyar 18, 5792)
In 2049, [Jewish] Yom Hashoah-Holocaust Memorial Day (Nisan 27, 5809)
In 2058, [Jewish] Yom Haatzmaut (Iyyar 5, 5818)
[Bah '¡] 9th day of Ridv n-festival
[Christian] National Christian College Day
[RC] Hugo, abbot of Cluny
[RC] Robert, abbot of Molesme

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 179 of 402: the history of spring (sprin5) * Sun, Apr 30, 2000 (10:33) * 1 lines 
Wow, the Berlin wall came down in 1990, ten years ago.

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 180 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Sun, Apr 30, 2000 (13:53) * 43 lines 
Amazing, no?!

Reuters Today in History for April 30

LONDON (Reuters) - Here are some notable events from this date in history:
1770 - David Thompson, Canadian explorer, born in London. The first white
man to explore the length of the Columbia river, he also mapped large parts of
Canada and the American West.

1777 - Johann Karl Freidrich Gauss, regarded as one of the greatest
mathematicians of all time, born in Germany.
1789 - George Washington was inaugurated as America's first president.
1803 - France agreed to sell Louisiana to America, the formal handover taking
place in December, and on this day in 1812 it joined the United States as the
18th state.
1804 - Shrapnel, invented in 1784 by British soldier Henry Shrapnel, was
used for the first time in warfare by the British against the Dutch in Surinam.
1870 - Franz Lehar, Hungarian composer, born. He wrote operettas and
achieved worldwide recognition for ``The Merry Widow.''
1883 - Edouard Manet, French impressionist painter, died. Originally destined
for a legal career, he studied art from 1850 and was heavily influenced by
Claude Monet.
1883 - Jaroslav Hasek, Czech novelist, born; author of ``The Good Soldier of
Schweik,'' an unfinished sequence of satirical novels.
1900 - American railroad engineer Casey Jones died saving passengers as
the Cannonball Express was about to crash.
1936 - Alfred Edward Housman, English poet notably for the collection known
as ``A Shropshire Lad,'' died.
1945 - Adolf Hitler and his wife Eva Braun committed suicide in his
underground bunker in Berlin; Russian troops penetrated Berlin, capturing the
Reichstag and other government buildings; Allied troops captured Munich and
the French crossed the border into Austria.
1973 - President Nixon made a television statement on Watergate accepting
responsibility for the bugging that took place at the Washington apartment
complex in 1972. On this day in 1974, he handed over partial transcripts of
tape recordings to the impeachment inquiry.
1975 - In South Vietnam, President Minh announced an unconditional
surrender to the Vietcong, ending the 20th century's longest conflict.
1982 - Actress Kirsten Dunst, whose feature credits include Interview with the
Vampire,'' ``Dick'' and ``The Virgin Suicides,'' born in New Jersey.
1989 - Sergio Leone, Italian film director, died of a heart attack. Best known
for his films with actor Clint Eastwood including ``For a Few Dollars More.''

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 181 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Sun, Apr 30, 2000 (14:17) * 459 lines 
On April 30...120th day of year with 245 days left (Numerology = 7)

Happy Birthday to:
In 1309, Kazimierz III de Great, King of Poland (1333-70)
In 1602, William Lilly, England, astrologer/author/almanac compiler
In 1651, Jean-Baptiste de la Salle, French priest/theorist/saint
In 1717, Guillaume Gommaire Kennis, composer
In 1743, Robert Jasper van de Capellen, master of Marsch/politician
In 1767, Jean Henri Appelius, lawyer/minister of Finance
In 1770, David Thompson, English/Canadian explorer (Columbia River)
In 1777, Carl Friedrich Gauss, world's great mathematician
In 1790, John Cockerill, English/Belgian industrialist
In 1792, Johann Friedrich Schwencke, composer
In 1796, Isa„c M "Isaac A" Cr‚mieux, French lawyer/minister of Justice
In 1797, Andreas V Michiels, Dutch military governor of West-Sumatra
In 1805, William Kerley Strong, Brig General (Union volunteers), died in 1867
In 1812, Kaspar Hauser, German son of grand duke Karel van Bathe
In 1823, George JD Campbell, Scottish/Brit Minister to Indies (1868-74/80-85)
In 1830, Davis Tillson, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1895
In 1837, Alfred Gaul, composer
In 1846, Rosalie Amstein, writer
In 1851, Indrië Einarsson, Iceland playwright (Nyj rsn¢ttin)
In 1853, Alfred v Berger, writer
In 1858, Mary Scott Lord Dimmick Harrison, 1st lady (1889-1893)
In 1864, Frans Netscher, Dutch writer/journalist (Studies of nude model)
In 1870, Franz Lehar, operetta composer (Naughty Marietta)
In 1874, Cyriel Verschaeve, Belgian priest/writer
In 1882, Trijntje "Nine" van de Schaaf, author (To the Invisible)
In 1883, David John de Lloyd, composer
In 1884, Albert Israel Elkus, composer
In 1885, Luigi Russolo, composer
In 1886, Frank Merrik, composer
In 1888, John Crowe Ransom, US poet/critic (God Without Thunder)
In 1889, Acario Cotapos, composer
In 1889, Rudolph Hermann Simonsen, composer
In 1891, Watze Cuperus, Frisian author (Swart mar leaflik)
In 1893, Joachim von Ribbentrop, German SS fhrer/foreign minister
In 1896, Gary Davis, Laurens SC, blues/folk guitarist (A Little More Faith)
In 1899, Jannetje Fisherman-Roosendaal, author (regional novels)
In 1899, Lucie Mannheim, Berlin, actress (East Meets West, 39 Steps)
In 19--, Gloria McMillan, teacher in space program (living legacy-1989)
In 19--, Robyn Griggs, actress (Maggie Cory-Another World)
In 19--, T T Boy, XXX actor ($exce$$, Patriot Dames)
In 19--, Thom Bray, Camden NJ, actor (Cyril-Breaking Away)
In 1902, Andre-Fran‡ois Marescotti, composer
In 1902, Rudolf Wittelsbach, composer
In 1903, Gnther AR Raphael, German composer (Symphony Breve)
In 1905, Henrich Schl„ppi, Switzerland, 4 man bobsled (Olympic-gold-1924)
In 1909, Juliana, Queen of Netherlands (1948-80)
In 1910, Al Lewis, actor (Leo-Car 54, Grandpa-Munsters)
In 1911, Hans Studer, composer
In 1911, John-Baptist J Walgrave, [Henricus/Humanus], Flemish, theologist
In 1911, Luise Rinser, writer
In 1912, Eve Arden, Mill Valley Calif, actress (Connie-Our Miss Brooks)
In 1912, Manuel Gutierrez Mellado, soldier/politician
In 1913, Bernard Charles Sendall, deputy director general (ITA)
In 1913, Edith Fowke, folklorist
In 1914, Sid Weiss, bassist
In 1916, Claude Shannon, information theorist
In 1916, Dugo D Schenker, Suriname/Antillian producer
In 1916, Robert Shaw, Red Bluff Calif, chorale conductor (Robert Shaw Chorale)
In 1917, Bea Wain, US singer/radio host (Lucky Strike Hit Parade)
In 1918, W Donald McNeill, tennis champ (US Open-1940)
In 1919, Valeer [Valerius V] van Kerkhove, Flemish writer/producer
In 1920, Duncan Hamilton, driver
In 1920, Leen 't Hart, Dutch organist/composer
In 1922, Anton Murray, cricketer (South African batsman in 10 Tests 1951-55)
In 1923, Alan Wharton, cricketer (Engld batsman once v NZ 1949, scored 7 & 13)
In 1923, George Byatt, playwright
In 1924, Sheldon Harnick, Chicago, lyricist (Fiorello, Fiddler on the Roof)
In 1925, Corinne Calvet, Paris France, actress (Phantom of Hollywood)
In 1926, Cloris Leachman, Des Moines Iowa, actress (Last Picture Show, Phyllis)
In 1926, Corinne Calvet, France, actress (Apache Uprising)
In 1926, Edmund Cooper, UK, sci-fi author (Seed of Light, All Fool's Day)
In 1927, Johnny Horton, Los Angeles Ca, rocker
In 1927, Lars Hall, Sweden, Pentathelete (Olympic-gold-1952)
In 1929, Peter Carsten, Weissenberg Bavaria, actor (Mr Super Invisible)
In 1930, Raoul de Keyser, [Dekeyser], Flemish painter
In 1931, William L [Bill] Clay, (Rep-D-MO, 1969- )
In 1932, Anton Larrauri, composer
In 1933, Willie Nelson, Abbott Texas, country singer (On the Road Again)
In 1936, Zohra Lampert, actress (Doctors' Hospital, Girl With Something Extra)
In 1938, Beatrix Wilhelmina Armgard, Queen of Netherlands (1980- )
In 1938, Gary Collins, Venice Calif, actor (6th Sense, Home Show)
In 1938, Larry [Van Cott] Niven, US, sci-fi author (5 Hugo, Neutron Star)
In 1939, Ellen Taafe Zwilich, Miami Florida, (1st woman composer Pulitzer 1982)
In 1939, Pieter van Vollenhoven, husband of Dutch Princess Margriet
In 1940, Burt Young, NYC, actor (Convoy, Rocky)
In 1941, Johnny Farina, rocker (Santo & Johnny)
In 1941, Wilfried Jentzsh, composer
In 1943, Bobby Vee, Fargo ND, (Devil or Angel, Night has a Thousand Eyes)
In 1943, Robert L Livingston, (Rep-R-Louisiana, 1977- )
In 1944, Jill Clayburgh, NYC, actress (Unmarried Woman, Semi-Tough)
In 1944, Richard Shoff, rocker (Sandpipers)
In 1945, Annie Dillard, American writer (An American Childhood)
In 1945, Claude van de Berge, [Rony MF Pauwels], Flemish writer (Graph Theory)
In 1945, Michael J Smith, Beaufort NC, Cmdr USN, astr (51L-Challenger disaster)
In 1945, Mike Beacon, rocker (Ox)
In 1945, Mimi Farina, rocker (Reflections in a Crystal Wind)
In 1946, Donald Schollander, Charlotte NC, swimmer (Olympic-4 gold-64)
In 1946, Karl XVI Gustav F H, King of Sweden (1973- )
In 1947, Robert Scott, (Rep-D-Virginia)
In 1948, Perry King, Alliance OH, actor (Andy Warhol's "Bad")
In 1948, Wayne Kramer, jazz artist (Dangerous Madness)
In 1951, Panuta Rosani, Poland, discus (Olympic 1976) drug disqualified
In 1952, Tom Pesek, PC programmer (creator of HAL 9000 program)
In 1953, Merrill Osmond, Ogden Utah, singer (Osmond Brothers, Donnie & Marie)
In 1954, Gnther Tiersch, German DR, 8 man cox (Olympic-gold-1968)
In 1955, Dimitra Papandreau, Greece, wife of Greek PM Andreas Papandreau
In 1956, Richard Farina, folk singer (Reflections in a Crystal Wind)
In 1957, Duane G Carey, St Paul Minn, major USAF/astronaut
In 1959, Kamaran Abdalla, Iraq/Engl/Neth actor (Goede Tijden Selechte Tijden)
In 1959, Lauren Howe, LPGA golfer
In 1961, Isiah Thomas, NBA forward (Detroit Piston; 1990 NBA playoff MVP)
In 1963, Steve Smith, Glasgow Sco, NHL defenseman (Chicago Blackhawks)
In 1964, Ian Healy, cricket wicket-keeper (Australian since 1988)
In 1964, Jeff Reboulet, Dayton OH, infielder (Minn Twins)
In 1965, Adrian Pasdar, Pittsfield Mass, actor (C Oliver Resor-Feds, Top Gun)
In 1965, Daniela Costian, Australian discus/shot putter (Olympics-96)
In 1966, Aundray Bruce, defensive end (Oakland Raiders)
In 1966, David Meggett, NFL running back (NY Giants, NE Patriots)
In 1966, Jeff Brown, Ottawa, NHL defenseman (Hartford Whalers)
In 1968, Babette Van Veen, Neth, actress (Linda-GTST, Blueberry Hill)
In 1968, Paulo Jr, Brazilian pop bassist (Sepultura, Morbid Visions)
In 1968, Richard Pilon, Saskatoon, NHL defenseman (NY Islanders)
In 1968, Roger Mar, Seattle Wash, rapid fire pistol (Olympics-1996)
In 1968, Sandra Beikoff, Mackay QLD, golfer (1990 Sunshine Coast Open)
In 1969, Dexter Rogers, St Petersburg Fla, volleyball opposite hitter (Oly-96)
In 1969, Joey Restivo, Brooklyn, rocker (Linear-I Never Felt This Way, Lies)
In 1970, Brad Layton, Seymour Ind, rower (Olympics-1996)
In 1970, Debbie D, Phila Pa, actress (Attack of Vampire Mermaid)
In 1971, B J Tyler, NBA guard (Toronto Raptors)
In 1971, Matt Martin, Hamden, NHL defenseman (Toronto Maple Leafs, Oly-US-94)
In 1971, Randy Bierman, WLAF tackle (Scottish Claymores)
In 1971, Ryan Hawblitzel, West Palm Beach Fla, pitcher (Colorado Rockies)
In 1971, Ty Hallock, fullback (Jacksonville Jaguars)
In 1972, Kendricke Bullard, NFL wide receiver (NE Patriots)
In 1972, Mario Schaden, hockey forward (Team Austria 1998)
In 1974, Cedric Jones, defensive end (NY Giants)
In 1974, Chris Darkins, NFL running back (Green Bay Packers-Superbowl 31)
In 1975, Beverley Peele, model [or Apr 7]
In 1975, Johnny Galecki, Bree Belgium, actor (American Dreamer, David-Roseanne)
In 1982, Kirsten Dunst, actress (Interview with the Vampire)
In 1988, Molloko, SD Zoo, 1st Calif condor chick conceived in captivity

Sorry to see these people go:
In , Amalaswintha, queen of Ostrogoten, murdered
In , Gaius G V Maximus, [Daia], Emperor of Rome, dies
In 1030, Mohammud van Ghazna, Turkish mayor (G'widen)/Islamic ruler, dies
In 1196, Boudouin II, bishop of Utrecht (1178-96), dies
In 1214, Huguccio/Hugo van Pisa, Italian bishop, dies
In 1328, ... Eckhard, German theologist/mystic, dies
In 1630, Ercole Porta, composer, dies at 44
In 1632, Jean de Tilly, fieldmarshal, dies
In 1632, Sigismund III, King of Poland/Sweden, dies at 65
In 1660, Peter Scriverius, Dutch lawyer/historian, dies at 84
In 1671, . . . Frangep n, Hungarian nobleman/plotter, beheaded
In 1671, P‚ter Zrinyi, Hungarian banished to Croatia, beheaded at 49
In 1708, Simon de Vries, book seller/writer (Unequal), dies
In 1712, Philippus van Limborch, remonstrants theologist/vicar, dies at 78
In 1743, Pedro de Peralta y Barnuevo, Peruvian playwright/poet, dies
In 1784, Franz K earl von Velbruck, German free mason, dies
In 1785, Frederick Philipse 3, land owner (Bronx, Westch & Putnam), dies at 65
In 1792, Hans Adolf Friedrich von Eschstruth, composer, dies at 36
In 1792, John Montague 4th Earl of Sandwich, English Naval minister, dies at 73
In 1793, Lorenzo Fago, composer, dies at 88
In 1795, Jean-Jacques Barth‚lemy, French historian (Ancient Greece), dies
In 1800, John H Midderigh, Rotterdam patriot, dies at 46
In 1828, Shaka, the great Zulu King, killed
In 1829, George Washington Adams, son of John Q Adams, dies on City Is NYC
In 1847, Charles L J, archduke of Austria/gov-gen (Austria-Netherland), dies
In 1848, Friedrich Freiherr Gagern, German/Dutch army commandant, dies at 53
In 1855, Henry Rowley Bishop, British composer/conductor, dies at 68
In 1859, Sergei T Aksakov, Russian writer (Bagrova-vnuka), dies at 67
In 1887, Friedrich Wilhelm Markull, composer, dies at 71
In 1893, Edouard Manet, French painter (Olympia), dies at 61
In 1893, Gyula Beliczay, composer, dies at 57
In 1895, Gustav Freytag, writer, dies at 78
In 1896, Antonio Cagnoni, composer, dies at 68
In 1900, John Luther (Casey) Jones, dies in Cannonball Express train wreck
In 1903, Fran‡ois Cr‚pin, Belgian botany, dies at 72
In 1912, Frantisek Kmoch, composer, dies
In 1919, Henry Wood, England cricket wicket keeper (in 4 Tests 1888-92), dies
In 1922, David M Chumaceiro, Cura‡aos poet, dies
In 1929, Friedrich Lienhard, German publisher (Trmer), dies at 63
In 1931, Sammy Woods, cricketer (3 Tests for Australia, 3 for England), dies
In 1933, Luis Sanchez Cerro, Pres of Peru, assassinated by Hurtado de Mendoza
In 1934, William Henry Welch, dies at 75
In 1942, Catherine Murphy Urner, composer, dies at 51
In 1942, J van Hoddis, writer, dies at 54
In 1943, Beatrice Potter Webb, British writer (My Apprenticeship), dies at 85
In 1943, Etty Hillesum, Dutch diarist, dies in Auschwitz
In 1945, Adolph Hitler, German dictator (1936-45), commits suicide at 56
In 1945, Eva Braun, mistress/wife of Hitler, commits suicide at 33
In 1952, Charles Radoux-Rogier, composer, dies
In 1956, Alben W Barkley, (VP-D-1949-53), dies at 78
In 1957, Ludwig Schiedermair, German musicologist (Beethoven), dies at 80
In 1959, Armand Louis Joseph Marsick, composer, dies at 81
In 1963, Bryant Washburn, actor (Nabonga, Millionaire Kid), dies at 74
In 1965, Helen Chandler, actress (Dracula, Salute, Last Flight), dies at 56
In 1966, Richard Farina, rocker, dies on his birthday in a motorcycle accident
In 1968, Frankie Lymon, rocker, dies of a heroin overdose
In 1970, Hall Johnson, composer, dies at 82
In 1970, Inger Stevens, actress (Katy-Farmer's Daughter), commits suicide at 35
In 1970, Jacob Presser, historian/writer (Doom, Ondergang), dies at 71
In 1971, Elmo Roper, pollster (Roper Poll), dies at 70
In 1972, Gia Scala, actress (Garment Jungle, I Aim at the Stars), dies at 38
In 1972, Ntare V, king of Burundi, murdered
In 1973, Josie Sedgwick, actress (White Moth), dies of stroke at 75
In 1974, Agnes Moorehead, actress (Endorra-Bewitched), dies at 67
In 1976, Edvard Fliflet Braein, composer, dies at 51
In 1977, Clive Martin Douglas, composer, dies at 73
In 1980, Mary McCarty, actress (French Line), dies
In 1982, Albert TLCA Bird, lecture artist, dies
In 1982, Herman Tholen, Dutch cabaret performer (Juveniles), dies
In 1982, Taisen Deshimaru, founder of several Zen centers in France, dies at 67
In 1983, George Balanchine, Russian/US composer, dies at 79
In 1983, Jerry Hatsuo Fujikawa, actor (Uncle Matsu-Mr T & Tina), dies at 71
In 1983, Muddy Waters, US blues singer/guitarist (Mad Love), dies at 68
In 1984, Arthur T "Bomber" Harris, bombed nazi-Germany, dies
In 1984, Muddy Waters, blues singer/guitarist (Hoochie Coochie Man), dies at 68
In 1985, George Pravada, actor (Felscher-Holocaust), dies at 66
In 1987, Hugh Dempster, actor (Anna Karenina, Candles at Nine), dies
In 1988, James McCracken, US tenor, dies at 61
In 1989, Sergio Leone, Italian director (Good, Bad & Ugly), dies at 60
In 1991, George Speri Sperti, inventor (Preparation H), dies at 91
In 1991, Michael G Hagerty, actor (Overboard), dies at 39
In 1992, Daan van Driel, Dutch cartoonist/WWII resist fighter (Trouw), dies
In 1993, David Waymer, NFLer (Saints, 49'ers, Raiders), dies at 34
In 1993, Eric Rowan, cricketer (26 Tests for South Africa), dies
In 1994, David Langton, dies of a heart at 81
In 1994, Ferdinando Scarfiotti, Italian set designer (Last Emperor), dies at 53
In 1994, Geoffery Michael Roberts, vintner, dies at 46
In 1994, Richard McClure Scarry, US kid book illustrator/writer, dies at 74
In 1994, Roland Ratzenberger, Austrian race car driver, dies in crash at 31
In 1995, Donald Edwin White, ad copywriter/opera administrator, dies at 59
In 1995, Reinaldo de Carvalho, carnival king, dies at 34
In 1996, David Michael Ifshin, British political campaign organiser, dies at 46
In 1996, David Opatoshu, actor (Torn Curtian, Raid on Entebbe), dies at 78
In 1996, Frank Henry Copplestone, TV executive, dies at 71
In 1996, Helene Cordet, entertainer/nightclub owner, dies at 78
In 1996, Julio Cesar Mendez Montenegro, pres of Guatemala (1966-70), dies

In , Emperor Galerius legal recognizes Christians in the Roman Empire
In 1064, German King Henry IV gives away Utrecht county of West Friesland
In 1349, Jewish community at Radolszell Germany, exterminated
In 1396, Crusaders & earl of Nevers depart from Dijon
In 1492, Columbus is given royal commission to equip his fleet
In 1492, Spain announces it will expels all Jews
In 1506, Philip of Bourgondy & England sign trade agreement
In 1527, England & France sign treaty of Westminster
In 1562, 1st French colonists in US: Jean Ribaut & Hugenots at Parris Is NC
In 1563, Jews are expelled from France by order of Charles VI
In 1598, 1st theater performance in America (Spanish comedy-Rio Grande)
In 1616, English King Jacob I leaves Brielle/Vlissingen
In 1650, French rebel Henri de la Tour Turenne signs treaty with Spain
In 1661, Tsjeng Tsj'eng-Kung begins siege of Dutch fort Zeelandia, Formosa
In 1695, William Congreve's "Love for Love," premieres in London
In 1722, Game of Billiards is mentioned in New England Courant
In 1725, Emperor Charles VI & King Philip IV of Spain sign Treaty of Vienna
In 1748, Ceasefire at Aken ends
In 1748, French troops occupy Maastricht
In 1763, London Journalist John Wilkes confined in the Tower
In 1772, John Clais patents 1st scale
In 1774, Pope Clement XIV proclaims a universal jubilee
In 1789, George Washington inaugurated as 1st president of US
In 1790, Colonial troops occupy Bonni's marroon village
In 1798, Dept of Navy forms
In 1803, US doubles in size through Louisiana Purchase ($15 million)
In 1804, Hague's Theater opens
In 1808, 1st practical typewriter finished by Italian Pellegrini Turri
In 1812, (Eastern) Louisiana admitted as 18th US state
In 1838, Nicaragua declares independence from Central American federation
In 1852, Anton Rubinsteins opera "Dmitri Donskoi," premieres in St Petersburg
In 1857, San Jose State University forms
In 1859, Paul Morphy returns from 10-mo chess tour of Europe, retires
In 1860, Navaho indians attack Fort Defiance (Canby)
In 1861, President Lincoln ordered Federal Troops to evacuate Indian Territory
In 1862, Swift Run Gap, WV skirmishes
In 1864, Battle of Jenkin's Ferry, Arkansas; Gen W R Scurry is killed
In 1864, New York becomes 1st state to charge a hunting license fee
In 1865, -5/1] Gen Shermans "Haines's Bluff" at Snyder's Mill, Virginia
In 1869, Hawaiian YMCA organized
In 1871, Apaches in Arizona surrender to white & Mexican adventurers; 144 die
In 1885, Boston Pops Orchestra forms
In 1887, 1st game played at Broad & Huntingdon St Park (Baker Bowl) in
In 1887, Philadelphia; Phillies beat Giants 19-10
In 1888, Hail stones kills about 250 in Moradabad district of Delhi
In 1889, 1st US national holiday, on centennial of Washington's inauguration
In 1889, George Washington Bridge linking NYC & NJ opens
In 1898, Championship wrestling match at Met turns into a brawl
In 1900, 165 lb Robert Fitzsimmons KOs 305 lb Ed Dunkhost in a boxing match
In 1900, USA annexes Hawaii
In 1902, Debussy's opera "Pell‚as et M‚lissande," premieres in Paris
In 1903, Broadway, Manhattan), they beat Wash Senators, 6-2
In 1903, NY Highlanders (Yankees) 1st home game, (Hilltop Park-168th St &
In 1904, Ice cream cone makes its debut
In 1905, 1st official soccer game between Belgium-Netherlands (1-4)
In 1910, Cleve Indian Addie Joss wins 2nd no-hitter beating White Sox
In 1911, Portugal approves woman suffrage
In 1913, Neujmin & Belyavskij discover asteroids #752 Sulamitis & #753 Tiflis
In 1916, Chic Cubs play 1st game at Weeghman Park (Wrigley Field) beat Reds
In 1918, Orange Nassau soccer team forms in Groningen
In 1919, Phillies beat Bkln Dodgers 9-0 in 20 innings
In 1921, American Professional Football Assn reorganizes in Akron
In 1921, Pope Benedict XV encyclical "On Dante"
In 1922, Chic White Sox Charles Robertson perfect games Detroit Tigers, 2-0
In 1927, Princess Juliana gets seat in Dutch Council of State
In 1928, Cherkess Autonomous Region forms in RSFSR (until 1957)
In 1929, Earnest Streeruwitz becomes chancellor of Austria
In 1934, Austrian gets "Austrian facist" constitution
In 1935, C Jackson discovers asteroids #1355 Magoeba & #1368 Numidia
In 1935, World Congress for Women's Rights concludes in Istanbul
In 1937, General Douglas MacArthur marries Jean Faircloth
In 1938, Bradman scores 258 Aust v Worcs, 293 mins, 33 fours 1 five
In 1939, NBC/RCA 1st public TV demo with FDR at opening of NY World's Fair
In 1939, Tropicana ballet of Havana Cuba, forms
In 1940, Bkln Dodger Tex Carleton no-hits Cin Reds, 3-0
In 1941, Spread of Judaism begins in Croatia
In 1942, 1st submarine built on Great Lakes launched, (Peto), Manitowoc, Wi
In 1943, Bergen-Belsen Concentration Camp for Jews forms
In 1943, Dutch strike against forced labor in Nazi Germany's war industry
In 1943, No‰l Coward's "This Happy Breed," premieres in London
In 1944, NY Giant Phil Weintraub gets 11 RBIs
In 1944, NY Giant, Mel Ott scores 6 runs in 1 game drawing 5 walks for 4th time
In 1945, "Arthur Godfrey Time" begins a 27 year run on CBS radio
In 1945, Concentration camp Mnchen-Allag freed
In 1945, Lord Haw-Haw calls for crusade against the bolsheviks
In 1945, Red Army occupies Demmin
In 1945, Red Army opens attack on German Reichstag building in Berlin
In 1945, Russian Army frees Ravensbrck concentration camp
In 1945, US troops attack the Elbe
In 1946, Cleve Indian Bob Feller's 2nd no-hitter beats NY Yankees, 1-0
In 1947, Boulder Dam renamed in honor of Herbert Hoover
In 1948, "Inside USA" opens at Century Theater NYC for 339 performances
In 1948, Org of American States charter signed at Bogot , Colombia
In 1948, US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Enwetak
In 1950, Babe Didrikson-Zaharias wins LPGA 144-hole Golf Weathervane
In 1952, Louise Suggs wins LPGA Stockton Golf Open
In 1952, Mr Potato Head is 1st toy advertised on television
In 1953, Little-Bigger League changes its name to Babe Ruth League
In 1954, Darius Milhauds 4th Concert for piano/orch premieres in Haifa
In 1955, Element 101, Mendelevium, announced
In 1955, Imperial Bank of India nationalized
In 1955, Perez Prado's "Cherry Pink & Apple Blossom White" goes #1 for 10 weeks
In 1955, West German unions protest for 40-hour work week & more wages
In 1958, Ted Williams is 10th major league player to get 1,000 extra-base hits
In 1961, 1st shuttle flights between Wash DC, Boston & NYC begin (Eastern)
In 1961, Lee Harvey Oswald marries Marina Prusakova in Minsk USSR
In 1961, Mickey Wright wins LPGA Titleholders Golf Championship
In 1961, Premier Fidel Castro of Cuba receives Lenin-Peace Prize
In 1961, SF Giant Willie Mays hits 4 HRs in a game
In 1962, NASA civilian pilot Joseph A Walker takes X-15 to 75,190 m
In 1962, Willie Mays hits 4 HRs
In 1967, Highest tower to the world finished, 537m (USSR)
In 1967, Mickey Wright wins LPGA Shreveport Kiwanis Club Golf Invitational
In 1967, NY Met pitcher Tom Seaver wins hist 1st game
In 1967, Orioles' Stu Miller & Steve Barber lose 2-1 despite no-hitting Tigers
In 1968, 3 Oriole pitchers walk 14 NY Yankees in a 9 inning game
In 1969, Cin Red Jim Maloney 3rd no-hitter beats Houston Astros, 10-0
In 1969, WEDB TV channel 40 in Berlin, NH (PBS) begins broadcasting
In 1970, Cubs Billy Williams is 1st NLer to play in 1,000 consecutive games
In 1970, US troops invade Cambodia
In 1971, 25th NBA Championship: Milwaukee beat Balt Bullets in 4 games
In 1972, "Arthur Godfrey Time" ends a 27 year run on radio
In 1972, Kathy Whitworth wins LPGA Alamo Ladies Golf Open
In 1973, Nixon announces resignation of Haldeman, Ehrlichman, et al
In 1973, Paul McCartney releases "Red Rose Speedway" including "My Love"
In 1973, Women's tennis groups end disputes over sanctioning tournaments
In 1974, Pres Nixon hands over partial transcripts of Watergate tape recordings
In 1975, Last US helicopter leaves US embassy grounds, Saigon surrenders
In 1976, Muhammad Ali beats Jimmy Young in 15 for heavyweight boxing title
In 1976, Royal Canadian Mint opens a branch in Winnipeg Manitoba
In 1976, Wings release "Silly Love Songs"
In 1977, "Party with Comden & Green" closes at Morosco NYC after 92 perfs
In 1977, Billy Graham beats Bruno Sammartino in Baltimore, to become WWF champ
In 1977, Ron Cey sets record of 29 RBIs in April
In 1978, "Elvis: The Legend Lives!" closes at Palace NYC after 101 perfs
In 1978, Janet Coles wins LPGA Natural Light Lady Tara Golf Classic
In 1979, Mary Therese Friel, (New York), crowned 28th Miss USA
In 1980, "Barnum" opens at St James Theater NYC for 854 performances
In 1980, Beatrix, Wilhelmina Armgard, crowned queen of Netherlands
In 1980, Juliana, Queen of the Netherlands, abdicates
In 1980, Ronald Harwood's "Dresser," premieres in London
In 1980, Terrorists seize Iranian Embassy in London
In 1981, "Can-Can" opens at Minskoff Theater NYC for 5 performances
In 1981, 16th Academy of Country Music Awards: Barbara Mandrell & George Jones
In 1982, Alvaro Magana chosen to succeed Jose N Duarte as pres of El Salvador
In 1982, Atlanta Braves win record 12th straight from beginning of season
In 1982, Iranian offensive in Khusistan
In 1983, Bruins 3-Isles 7-Wales Conf Championship-Isles hold 2-1 lead
In 1984, 1700 skiers participate in an alpine event at Are Sweden
In 1984, Strong winds cause a 30 min delay in Toronto Blue Jays game
In 1985, Dale Murphy drives in record tying 28th & 29th runs of April
In 1985, France performs nuclear test at Muruora Island
In 1985, Last edition of Brink Daily Mail/Sunday Express in South Africa
In 1986, Ashrita Furman peformed 8,341 somersaults over 12 miles
In 1986, Mariners strike out 16 times, set record of 36 in 2 consecutive games
In 1987, Lou Lamoriello is named NJ Devils President
In 1987, NY Islander Mike Bossy plays his final game
In 1988, Baltimore Orioles win record 14th straight from beginning of season
In 1988, Largest banana split ever, at 455 miles long, was made in Penns
In 1988, NJ Devils beat Caps 3-2 taking 7th game of Patrick Division final
In 1988, NY Knights 1st arena football game beats Cobras 60-52 (10,157 in LA)
In 1988, NY Yank Dave Winfield gets his 29th RBI of April-Sets AL & ties ML Rec
In 1988, World Exposition, Expo 88 opens in Brisbane Australia
In 1989, Critics Siskel & Ebert film their 500th TV movie-review show
In 1989, E F Helin discovers asteroid #6711
In 1989, Kathy Postlewait wins LPGA Sara Lee Golf Classic
In 1989, Pope John Paul II beatifies Victoire Rasoamanarivo of Madagascar
In 1989, US beats Costa Rica 1-0, in 3rd round of 1990 world soccer cup
In 1990, As Met pitcher David Cone argues a call at 1st base, 2 Braves score
In 1990, Seattle's Brian Holman's perfect game broken up with 2 outs in 9th
In 1990, US 66th manned space mission STS 31 (Discovery 10) returns from space
In 1990, US hostage Frank Reed freed after 4 years in hands of pro-Iranians
In 1991, In Bangladesh a cyclone killed over 131,000 & left 9 million homeless
In 1992, 208th & final episode of Cosby Show on NBC-TV
In 1992, F Borngen discovers asteroid #7130 Klepper
In 1992, Y Kushida & O Muramatsu discover asteroid #6405, #6915 & #7421
In 1994, Soccer great Pele (53) weds psychologist Assiria Seixas Lemos (36)
In 1994, Stroncone discovers asteroid #6835 Molfino
In 1995, "Blood Brothers" closes at Music Box Theater NYC after 839 perfs
In 1995, "Gentlemen Prefer Blondes" closes at Lyceum Theater NYC after 24 perfs
In 1995, "Rose Tattoo" opens at Circle in the Square Theater NYC for 80 perfs
In 1995, After 120 years the last 15 A & S dept stores close
In 1995, Val Skinner wins LPGA Sprint Golf Championship
In 1996, "Buried Child," opens at Atkinson Theater NYC for 77 performances
In 1996, Dutch/Itallian Beppo-SAX launches from Cape Canaveral
In 1996, Howard Stern Radio Show premieres in Grand Rapids MI on WKLQ 94.5 FM
In 1997, "London Assurance," opens at Criterion Theater NYC for 72 performances
In 1997, 42 million watch "Ellen" admit she is gay
In 1997, Atlanta Braves win record 19 games in April
In 1997, Big Ben stops at 12:11 PM for 54 minutes
In 1997, Pres Clinton's daughter Chelsea chooses to attend Stanford College
In 1997, Tajik Prest Imomali Rakhmonov wounded in assassination attempt
In 1997, Tino Martinez hits record 34 RBIs in April

[Alabama, Florida, Mississippi] Confederate Memorial Day (1868)
[Germany] Walpurgisnacht
[Louisiana] Admission Day (1813)
[Netherland, Neth Antilles, Suriname] Queen Juliana's Birthday (1938)
[Switzerland] May Day Eve/Maitag Vorabend
[US-Utah] Arbor Day-Plant a tree (1872)

In 1380, [RC, Luth] Commemoration of St Catherine of Siena, virgin/doctor
In 1572, [RC] Memorial of St Pius V, pope (1566-72) (opt)
In 1998, [Jewish] Yom Haatzmaut (Iyyar 4, 5758)
In 2002, [Jewish] Lag B'Omer-Love for Holy Land Day (Iyyar 18, 5762)
In 2021, [Jewish] Lag B'Omer-Love for Holy Land Day (Iyyar 18, 5781)
In 2030, [Jewish] Yom Hashoah-Holocaust Memorial Day (Nisan 27, 5790)
In 2051, [Jewish] Lag B'Omer-Love for Holy Land Day (Iyyar 18, 5811)
[Christian] National Christian College Day
[RC] Quirinus of Neuss/St-Grein, Roman martyr
[RC] Severus, bishop of Naples
[RC] Wolfhard, hermit
[Witch] Walpurgis Night or Bealtaine, sabbat

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 182 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Mon, May  1, 2000 (01:51) * 483 lines 
On May 01 - 121st day of year with 244 days left (Numerology = 6)
Happy Birthday to:
In 1238, Magnus VI Lagabuter, King of Norway (1263-80)
In 1493, Phillippus Paracelsus, Switzerland, physician/alchemist (or 11/10)
In 1545, Franciscus Junius, [Fran‡ois du Jon], French/Neth calvinist theologist
In 1567, Michiel Jansz van Mierevelt, Dutch royal painter
In 1577, Fran‡ois van Kinschot, Dutch treasurer
In 1582, Marco da Gagliano, Italian opera composer
In 1592, Johann A Schall von Bell, German missionaries/astronomer
In 1620, Mikl¢s Zr¡nyi, Hungarian general [or Jan 5]
In 1633, S‚bastien le Prestre de Vauban, French fortress architect
In 1672, Joseph Addison, England, essayist (Spectator)
In 1735, John H van Kinsbergen, Dutch lt-admiral/founder of Dutch Marines Corp
In 1759, Jacob Albright, [Albrecht], German/US predictor
In 1764, Benjamin Henry Latrobe, engineer/architect (built Capitol)
In 1764, Gottfried Rieger, composer
In 1769, Arthur Wellesley, Duke of Wellington, British PM (C) (1828-30)
In 1771, George Guest, composer
In 1775, Jacob-Joseph-Balthasar Martinn, composer
In 1800, Ret Thomas Aloysius Dornin, Comm (Union Navy), died in 1874
In 1807, John Bankhead "Prince John" Magruder, Major General (Confederate Army)
In 1818, Jos‚ Amador de los R¡os, Spanish historian/poet
In 1819, William Steele, Brig General (Confederate Army), died in 1885
In 1825, George Inness, US landscape painter (Delaware Water Gap)
In 1829, Jos‚ M de Alencar, Brazilian writer/minister of Justice
In 1830, Mary Harris Jones, [Mother Jones], hell-raiser
In 1835, Alfred Napoleon Alexander "Natti" Duffie, Brig Gen (Union volunteers)
In 1839, Chardonnet, inventor (rayon)
In 1851, Eberhard Nestle, German ori‰ntalist/biblical scholar
In 1852, Calamity [Martha] Jane [Burke], frontier adventurer/indian fighter
In 1858, Anthony Johnson Showalter, composer
In 1859, Bohuslav Jeremias, composer
In 1859, Willem J Leyds, Dutch/South Africa lawyer/politician/diplomat
In 1862, Anthony G Kr”ller, entrepreneur/govt advisor/husband of Helene Mller
In 1862, Marcel Pr‚vost, French publisher/writer (Les demis-vierges)
In 1872, Hugo Alfv‚n, Stockholm Sweden, composer (Midsommarvaka)
In 1880, Conrad Weiss, German writer/poet (Tantum dic verbo)
In 1880, Konrad Weiss, Dutch German writer/poet (Tantum dic verbo)
In 1881, Pierre Teilhard de Chardin, France, philosopher/paleontologist
In 1884, Felipe Boero, composer
In 1887, Alan Gordon Cunningham, Irish/Brit gen/director of Palestine (1945-48)
In 1892, Howard Barlow, Plain City Ohio, conductor (Voice of Firestone)
In 1895, Leo Sowerby, Grand Rapids Michigan, composer (Pulitzer 1946)
In 1898, Eugene R Black, US, Pres of World Bank (1953-62)
In 1899, J¢n Leifs, Iceland, composer/conductor
In 19--, Art Fleming, Bronx NY, TV host (Jeopardy)
In 19--, Bruno Ravel, rocker (Danger Danger-Screw It)
In 19--, Carmen Montejo, spanish actress (Brainiac, Final Race)
In 19--, John Diehl, Cincinnati Oh, actor (Det Zito-Miami Vice)
In 19--, Louis Nye, Hartford Ct, comedian (Steve Allen, Happy Days)
In 19--, Sharon Spelman, LA Calif, actress (Joyce-Angie)
In 1900, Ignazio Silone, Italy, novelist/politician (Bread & Wine)
In 1905, Leila Hyams, NYC, actress (Big House, Ruggles of Red Gap)
In 1905, Nikolai Tikhonov, Soviet PM (1980-85)
In 1907, Jan Pauw, CEO (Aruban Theater Group)
In 1908, Giovanni Guareschi, Italian writer (Don Camillo, Peppone)
In 1909, Ethel Jane Cain, original UK Speaking Clock voice
In 1909, George Melachrino, composer
In 1909, Janis Ritsos, writer
In 1909, Kate Smith, Virg, singer (God Bless America)/Phila Flyer luck charm
In 1909, Yannis Ritsos, Greek poet
In 1910, Cliff Battles, Akron Oh, NFL hall of famer (Braves, Redskins)
In 1912, Anna Pollak, mezzo-soprano
In 1912, Felipe Padilla de Leon, composer
In 1913, Walter Susskind, Praha (Prague) Czechoslovakia, conductor
In 1916, Glenn Ford, Quebec Canada, actor (Cade's County, Big Heat, Midway)
In 1916, Jack Paar, Canton Ohio, TV host (Jack Paar Show)
In 1916, Jane Jacobs, Scranton, Pa, urbanologist
In 1917, Danielle Darrieux, France, actress (Alexander the Great, Mayerling)
In 1917, John Beradino, LA Calif, actor (Steve Hardy-General Hospital)
In 1917, Louis G "Lo" van Hensbergen, actor/author (Amsterdam Affair)
In 1919, Alwyn Farquharson, Scottish clan-captain/large landowner
In 1919, Dan O'Herlihy, Ireland, actor (Fail Safe, Last Starfighter, Robocop)
In 1921, 12th Lord Middleton, English large landowner/multi-millionaire
In 1921, Paul Daels, president (Flemish Iron Pilgrimage committee)
In 1923, Joseph Heller, Bkln NY, novelist (Catch-22, 1963 Arts & Letters Award)
In 1924, Earl George, composer
In 1924, Enrico Josif, composer
In 1924, Patricia Roberts Harris, 1st US black woman cabinet member
In 1924, Terry Southern, writer
In 1925, Chuck Bednarik, Penn, NFL hall of fame center/linebacker (Phila)
In 1925, Malcolm Scott Carpenter, Boulder Colo, astronaut (Mercury 7-Aurora 7)
In 1927, Greta Andersen, Denmark, 100m freestyle swimmer (Olympic-gold-1948)
In 1927, Harry Belafonte, calypso singer (Banana Boat Song)
In 1927, Israr Ali, cricket pace bowler (Pakistani in 4 Tests 1952-59)
In 1927, Lord Bathurst, English earl/large landowner/multi-millionaire
In 1927, Roland Verhavert, Flemish screen writer (Sea Gulls Die in the Harbor)
In 1927, William Mitchell Byers, musician
In 1928, Raoul Servais, Belgian cartoonist/pres (l'ASIFA)
In 1929, Sonny James, [James Loden], Hackelburg AL, rocker (Young Love)
In 1929, Sonny Ramadhin, cricket spin bowler (great WI)
In 1930, Little Walter, [Marion Walter Jacobs], rocker
In 1930, Ollie Matson, NFL halfback (Cardinals, Rams, Lions, Eagles)
In 1933, Uwe Greámann, writer
In 1934, Alette Beaujon, Cura‡aos poet (Gedichten on the Bay & Elsewhere)
In 1937, Bo Nilsson, Swedish composer (Doppelspiel)
In 1939, Judy Collins, Seattle Wash, singer (Send in the Clowns, Clouds)
In 1939, Max Robinson, Richmond VA, black news anchor (ABC Evening News)
In 1939, Ray Aranha, Miami FL, actor (Nick-Married People)
In 1941, Barbara Barendrecht, [BHM Wurfbain], actress (Dirty Picture)
In 1941, Juraj Hatrick, composer
In 1942, Stephen Macht, Phila Pa, actor (Joe-Knots Landing, Cagney & Lacey)
In 1943, Joy Harmon, St Louis Mo, actress (Cool Hand Luke)
In 1944, Rita Coolidge, Nashville Tn, singer (Higher & Higher, We're All Alone)
In 1946, Bruce Robinson, actor (Story of Adele H)
In 1946, Jerry Weiss, NYC, rocker (Blood Sweat & Tears)
In 1946, Joanna Lumley, Kashmir India, actress (Abs Fab, OHM's Secret Service)
In 1946, Nick Fortune, [Nicholas Fortuna], rock bassist (Buckinghams Chicago)
In 1946, Tony Ashton, rocker
In 1946, Valentin Muratov, USSR, floor exercise gymnist (Olympic-gold-1956)
In 1947, Carlos Ward, rocker (B T Express)
In 1947, Ghulam Abbas, cricketer (scored 12 & 0 in only Test for Pakistan 1967)
In 1948, James Wise, US soul singer (Archie Bell & the Drells)
In 1949, Douglas Barr, Cedar Rapids Iowa, actor (Howie-Fall Guy)
In 1949, Margo Miller, SF Calif, fencer-epee (Olympics-96)
In 1950, Marina Stepanova, Russian hurdler (world record 1986)
In 1951, Gordon Greenidge, cricketer (great West Indian opener 1974-91)
In 1953, Elquemedo Willett, cricketer (WI lefty spinner early 70's)
In 1953, Felix Hanemann, rocker (Zebra)
In 1953, Mindy Moore, LPGA golfer
In 1954, Michael Scott, reporter (Entertainment Tonight)
In 1954, Ray Parker Jr, Detroit Mich, rock guitarist/vocalist (Ghostbusters)
In 1954, Taslim Arif, cricketer (Pakistani keeper/batsman, 210 v Aust 1980)
In 1955, Julien Wiener, cricketer (Australian opening batsman 1979-80)
In 1956, Byron Stewart, Baxter Springs Ks, actor (Warren Coolidge-St Elsewhere)
In 1957, Dick Swett, (Rep-D-New Hampshire)
In 1957, Paul D Ronney, LA Calif, ScD/astronaut (STS 83 alt)
In 1957, Rick Darling, cricketer (accident-prone/dashing Aussie opener 1978-79)
In 1957, Steve Farris, rock guitarist (Mr Mister)
In 1959, Eddie Johnson, NBA guard/forward (Houston Rockets, Indiana Pacers)
In 1959, Paul Smith, rock saxophonist (Haircut 100)
In 1960, Albert McDonald, Dartmouth NS, US canoe (alt-Olympics-96)
In 1961, Charlie O'Brien, Tulsa OK, catcher (Brewers, Mets, Braves, Blue Jays)
In 1961, Steven Cauthen, jockey (1978 Kentucky Derby-Affirmed)
In 1962, Gary Clark, NFL wide receiver (Miami Dolphins)
In 1962, Paula Weishoff, Hollywood CA, volleyballer (Oly-Sil-84, br-92, 96)
In 1962, Reggie Pleasant, CFL cornerback (Edmonton Eskimos)
In 1963, Robert Seguso, Minneapolis MN, tennis star
In 1964, Carlos Aalbers, Dutch soccer player (NEC)
In 1964, Ruth Picardie, journalist
In 1964, Sarah FE Armstrong-Jones, daughter of princess Margaret & Lord Snowdon
In 1965, Debi Diamond, [Shelly Rey], XXX actress ($exce$$, Bet, Bend Over)
In 1965, Jon Warren, Akron Ohio, 1.5k runner
In 1966, Armando Reynoso, San Luis Potosi Mexico, pitcher (Colorado Rockies)
In 1966, Charlie Schlatter, NYC, actor (18 Again, Heartbreak Hotel)
In 1966, Johnny Colt, Cherry Point NC, rock bassist (Black Crowes)
In 1966, Mark Coogan, Manhaset NY, marathoner (Olympics-96)
In 1967, Bill Schultz, NFL/WLAF offensive tackle (Den Broncos, Scot Claymores)
In 1967, Marvcus Patton, NFL linebacker (Washington Redskins)
In 1967, Scott Coffey, HI, actor (Satisfaction, Shout)
In 1967, Tawni Cable, Salem Oregon, playmate (June 1989)
In 1967, Yael Arad, Israel, Women's half middleweight judoka (Oly-1996)
In 1968, Anton Scheutjens, soccer player (Roda JC)
In 1968, Lisa Campbell, Victoria Australia, badminton player (Olympics-96)
In 1968, Mark Scott, Paramus NJ, rock drummer (Trixter-Give It To Me Good)
In 1969, Billy Owens, NBA forward/guard (Sacramento Kings)
In 1969, Bryan Marchment, Scarborough, NHL defenseman (Edmonton Oilers)
In 1969, Carrie Stevens, Buffalo NY, playmate (June 1997)
In 197-, Roy Rosello, singer (Menudo-Cannonball)
In 1970, Alex Van Pelt, NFL quarterback (Buffalo Bills)
In 1970, Allen DeGraffenreid, WLAF wide receiver (Scotland Claymores)
In 1970, Alundis Brice, NFL cornerback (Dallas Cowboys)
In 1970, Damon Diletti, Australian field hockey goal keeper (Oly-silver-92, 96)
In 1971, Ethan Albright, NFL tackle (Miami Dolphins, Buffalo Bills)
In 1971, Jamie Marie Swenson, Miss USA-South Dakota (1997)
In 1971, Renee Poetschka, Australian 200m/400m (Olympics-92, 96)
In 1971, Stuart Appleby, Cohuna Australia, Nike golfer (1994 Victorian PGA)
In 1972, Bobby Chouinard, Manilla Phillipines, pitcher (Oakland A's)
In 1973, Curtis Martin, NFL running back (NE Patriots)
In 1973, Frank Beede, NFL center (Seattle Seahawks)
In 1974, Keri Phebus, Laguna Beach Calif, tennis star
In 1974, Matthew Hatchette, NFL wide receiver (Minnesota Vikings)
In 1974, Vladimir Zavyalov, hockey forward (Team Kazakhstan Olympics-1998)
In 1975, Austin Croshere, NBA forward (Indiana Pacers)
In 1976, Darius McCrary, actor (Edward Winslow-Family Matters)
In 1977, Anna Louise Wilson, Dunedin NZ, 100m breast stroke (Olympics-96)
In 1979, Jennifer Botterill, ice hockey forward (Canada, Oly-98)
In 1979, Kimberly Grigsby, Miss Virginia Teen USA (1997)

Sorry to see these people go:
In 1171, Dermot MacMurrough, last Irish King of Leinster, dies
In 1277, Stefanus IV Uros I de Great, King of Serbia (1243-76), dies
In 1308, Albrecht I van Habsburg, German King (1298-1308), murdered
In 1447, Louis VII, Duke of Baveria (1413-43), dies
In 1456, Hugues de Lannoy, Flemish viceroy of Holland/Zealand, dies
In 1471, Thomas a Kempis, spiritual writer (Navolging of Christ), dies at 91
In 1555, Marcellus II, [Marcello Cervini], Italian Pope (1555), dies at 53
In 1572, Pius V, [Antonio Ghislieri], great-inquisiteur/Pope (1566-72), dies
In 1679, Esaias Reusner, composer, dies at 43
In 1700, John Dryden, English poet/playwright (Rival Ladies), dies
In 1703, Kiva Yoshinaka, Japanese monarch, murdered
In 1733, Nicolas Coustou, French sculptor (Sa“n), dies at 75
In 1772, Gottfried Achenwall, German lawyer/statistics/economist, dies at 52
In 1831, Antonius van Alphen, apostle vicar of De Bosch, dies at 82
In 1863, Edward Dorr Tracy, US Confederate brig-general, dies in battle at 29
In 1869, ?, colt reported killed by a meteorite near New Concord Ohio
In 1870, Francisco Solano L¢pez, fieldmarshal/president of Paraguay
In 1872, Amalia, princess of Weimar/wife of prince Hendrik the Navigator, dies
In 1873, David Livingstone, British physician/explorer (Africa), dies at 60
In 1874, Vilem Blodek, composer, dies at 39
In 1886, Conrad Busken Huet, writer (Country of Rubens)
In 1886, Heinrich Franz Daniel Stiehl, composer, dies at 56
In 1892, Willem A Scholten, manufacturer (potatoes), dies at 89
In 1896, Nasr-ed-Din, shah of Persia (184.-96), murdered at 65
In 1898, Alphonse Wauters, Belgian historian, dies at 81
In 1900, Mih ly von Munk csy, [Michael von Lieb], German painter, dies at 56
In 1902, John Glover, English chemist (production sulfuric acid), dies at 85
In 1903, Arthur Haygarth, cricketer (compiler of "Scores & Biographies"), dies
In 1903, Luigi Arditi, violist/composer, dies at 80
In 1904, Anton¡n Dvorak, Czech composer (Slavic Dancing), dies at 62
In 1917, Jos‚ E Rodo, Uruguayan writer (Motivos de proteo), dies
In 1921, Louis Campbell-Tipton, composer, dies at 43
In 1924, August Cuppens, Flemish author (Limburgs Driemanschap), dies at 62
In 1926, Nicolaus Adriani, translator (Middle-Celebes Language), dies at 60
In 1932, Paul Doumer, Pres France (1931-32), assassin by Russia's Paul Gargalov
In 1934, Alexander Alexandrovich Davidenko, composer, dies at 35
In 1937, Snitz Edwards, actor (Phantom of the Opera, College), dies at 75
In 1939, Wilhelm Normann, German chemist (harden van oli‰n), dies
In 1941, John R Locksmith de Brown, vicar/CHU-politician, dies at 71
In 1945, Desider Antalffy-Zsiross, Hungarian organist/composer, dies at 59
In 1945, Paul Josef Goebbels, Nazi minister on propoganda, commits suicide
In 1946, Edward Cuthbert Bairstow, composer, dies at 71
In 1946, Percy William Whitlock, composer, dies at 42
In 1947, Sanner, leader of Norger blood bath, executed
In 1948, Christos Ladas, Greek minister of Justice, murdered
In 1952, William Fox, [Fried], US film pioneer (Nickelodeon), dies at 73
In 1954, Tom Tyler, actor (Lost Ranch, Coyote Trails), dies at 50
In 1957, Grant Mitchell, actor (Great Lie, Laura, Cairo, Conflict), dies at 82
In 1959, Oscar Torp, Norwegian premier, dies
In 1965, Leo Spies, composer, dies at 65
In 1965, Spike Jones, composer (Spike Jones Show), dies at 53
In 1968, Harold G Nicolson, English author (English sense of humor), dies at 71
In 1969, Ella Logan, actress (52nd Street, Woman Chases Man), dies at 56
In 1969, George Parker, cricketer (2 Tests for S Afr 1924), dies
In 1971, Edith Day, actress (Romance of Air), dies at 75
In 1971, Glenda Farrell, actress (Grand Slam, Exposed), dies at 66
In 1972, Fernand Ansseau, Belgian operator (Orfeo), dies at 82
In 1976, Rex O'Malley, actor (Camille, Zara, Midnight, Thief), dies at 75
In 1978, Aram Katchaturian, Russian composer (The Earth), dies at 74
In 1979, Berkeley Bertram McGarrell Gaskin, cricketer (2 Tests for WI), dies
In 1981, Clarence A Bacote, historian/political scientist, dies at 75
In 1981, Peter Huchel, writer, dies at 78
In 1982, Gene Sheldon, actor (Bernardo-Zorro), dies at 72
In 1983, V N Swamy, Indian cricket pace bowler (without distinction), dies
In 1984, Gordon Jenkins, orch leader (NBC Comedy Hour), dies at 73
In 1988, Carroll Righter, astrologer, dies at 88 of postrate cancer
In 1988, Paolo Stoppa, actor (Garibaldi, Visit, Freedom Fighters), dies
In 1989, David Webster, South African white anti-apartheids activist, murdered
In 1989, Douglass Watson, actor (Mac Cory-Another World), dies at 68
In 1989, Marion Mack, actress (General), dies
In 1990, Sunset Carson, cowboy actor (El Paso Kid, Oregon Trail), dies at 62
In 1991, Richard Thorpe, director (Jailhouse Rock, Night Must Fall), dies
In 1993, Hans [Henri EA] Tuynman, provo (Full-time Provo), dies at 50
In 1993, Pierre B‚r‚govoy, PM of France (1992-93), commits suicide at 67
In 1993, Ranasinghe Premadasa, pres (Sri Lanka, 1989-93), assassinated at 68
In 1994, Ayrton Senna, Brazilian Grand prix driver, dies in crash at 34
In 1994, Imre Gy”ngy”ssy, Hungarian director, dies at 64
In 1996, Asher Wallfish, journalist, dies at 67
In 1996, Ivo Rudolph Jarosy, film scholar/exhibitor, dies at 74
In 1996, William Mitchell Byers, musician, dies on 79th birthday
In 1997, Bebe, AKA Flipper, dolphin, dies at 40

In , Emperor Gaius Aurelius Valerius Diocletianus Jovius of Rome resigns
In 1006, Supernova observed by Chinese & Egyptians in constellation Lupus
In 1048, Bishop Bernold flees St Pieterskerk for Utrecht Neth
In 1394, Ekiho, exorcised the Zen temple & it's surroundings from an old badger
In 1523, Danish king Christian III arrives in Veere
In 1528, P nfilo the Narva‚z begins exploration to with 350 men to Florida
In 1544, Turkish troops occupy Hungary
In 1551, Council of Trente resumes
In 1598, Jacob van Necks merchant fleet departs for Java
In 1625, Portuguese & Spanish expedition recaptures Salvador (Bahia)
In 1625, Prince Frederik Henry appointed viceroy of Holland
In 1628, Meiboom in Quincy Mass) degenerates into orgy with indian women
In 1682, Louis XIV & his court inaugurates Paris Observatory
In 1703, Battle at Rultusk: Swedish army beats Russians
In 1704, Boston Newsletter publishes 1st newspaper ad
In 1707, England, Wales & Scotland form UK of Great Britain
In 1711, Arch duke Karel of Austria/Hungarian rebellion sign Peace of Szatmar
In 1715, Prussia declares war on Sweden
In 1725, Spain & Austria sign trade treaty
In 1751, 1st American cricket match is played
In 1756, France & Austria sign alliance
In 1757, Austria & France divide Prussia
In 1759, British fleet occupies Guadeloupe, West-Indies, on France
In 1776, Adam Weishaupt founds secret society of Illuminati
In 1777, RB Sheridans "School for Scandal," premieres in London
In 1781, Emperor Jozef II decrees protection of population
In 1786, Mozart's opera "Marriage of Figaro" premieres in Wien (Vienna)
In 1822, John Phillips becomes 1st mayor of Boston
In 1834, Belgian parliament accept railway laws
In 1840, 1st adhesive postage stamps ("Penny Blacks" from England) issued
In 1841, 1st emigrant wagon train leaves Independence, Missouri for Calif
In 1844, Samuel Morse sends 1st telegraphic message
In 1844, Whig convention nominates Henry Clay as presidential candidate
In 1846, Ida Pfeiffer (48) begins trip around world
In 1850, John Geary becomes 1st SF mayor
In 1851, Great Exhibition opens in Chrystal Palace London
In 1853, Argentina adopts it's constitution
In 1854, Amsterdam begins transferring drinking water out of the dunes
In 1857, William Walker, conqueror of Nicaragua, surrenders to US Navy
In 1861, Lee orders Confederate troops under T J Jackson to Harper's Ferry
In 1862, Union captain David Farragut conquers New Orleans
In 1863, Battle of Chancellorsville, VA (29,000 injured or died)
In 1863, Battle of Port Gibson, Mississippi
In 1863, Confederate "National Flag" replaces "Stars & Bars"
In 1863, Confederate congress passed resolution to kill black soldiers
In 1864, -8] Battle at Alexandria, Louisiana (Red River Campaign)
In 1864, Atlanta campaign, GA
In 1864, Wilderness campaign
In 1866, American Equal Rights Association forms
In 1867, Howard University chartered
In 1867, Reconstruction of South begins, black voter registration
In 1869, Folies BergŠre opens in Paris
In 1873, 1st US postal card issued
In 1873, Emperor Franz Jozef opens 5th World's Fair in Vienna
In 1873, International Exhibition opens in Vienna
In 1875, 238 members of "Whiskey Ring" accused of anti-US activities
In 1883, "Buffalo Bill" Cody put on his 1st Wild West Show
In 1883, Amsterdam World's Fair opens
In 1883, Baseball returns to Phila, 1st NL game since 1876
In 1883, NY Athletic Club hires Bob Rogers as 1st American pro sports trainer
In 1884, Construction begins on Chicago 1st skyscraper (10 stories)
In 1884, Moses Walker became 1st black player in major league
In 1885, Maria "Goeie Mie" Swanenburg sentence to life for killing 27 in Neth
In 1886, US general strike for 8 hour day, begins
In 1889, 1st International Workers Day, according to 2nd International
In 1889, Bayer introduces aspirin in powder form (Germany)
In 1891, Cleveland Spiders 12, Cincinnati Redlegs 3
In 1891, Cy Young pitches 1st game played in Cleveland's League Park
In 1892, US Quarantine Station opens on Angel Island, SF Bay
In 1893, World Columbian Exposition opens in Chicago
In 1898, George Dewey commands, "You may fire when you are ready, Gridley"
In 1898, as US route Spanish fleet at Manila
In 1900, Premature blast collapses mine tunnel killing 200 at Scofield, Utah
In 1900, Roermond soccer team forms in Roermond
In 1901, Detroit Tigers commit 12 errors against Chicago White Sox
In 1901, Herb McFarland hit 1st grand slam in American League
In 1901, Pan-American Exposition opens in Buffalo
In 1906, Phillie's John Lush no-hits Bkln Dodgers, 6-0
In 1907, Belgium govt of De Trooz forms
In 1907, Indian Mine Laws passes (concessions from Neth-Indies)
In 1908, World's most intense shower (2.47" in 3 minutes) at Portobelo Panama
In 1909, Netherlands begins unity with Belgium
In 1912, Amsterdam-North soccer team DWV forms
In 1912, Beverly Hills Hotel opens
In 1913, Longacre Theater opens at 220 W 48th St NYC
In 1914, China's 1st president Yuan Shikai wins dictatorial qualification
In 1915, British Lusitania leaves NY, for Liverpool
In 1915, German submarine sinks US ship Gulflight
In 1919, Mount Kelud (Indonesia) erupts, boiling crater lake which broke
In 1919, through crater wall killing 5,000 people in 104 small villages
In 1920, Babe Ruth's 1st Yankee HR & 50th of career, out of Polo Grounds
In 1920, Belgian-Luxembourg toll tunnel opens
In 1920, Brooklyn Dodgers tie Boston Braves, 1-1, in 26 innings
In 1921, Drusian sultan Pasja al-Atrasj elected governor of Suwayda
In 1922, Charlie Robertson of Chicago pitches a perfect no-hit, no-run game
In 1924, Admiral Paul Koundouri¢tis becomes president of Greece
In 1925, A's Jimmie Foxx, 17, 1st game; he pinch-hits a single
In 1925, Cyprus becomes a British Crown Colony
In 1926, British coal-miners go on strike
In 1926, Brooklyn Dodgers & Boston Braves deadlock at 1-1 in 26 innings
In 1926, Satchel Paige makes pitching debut in Negro Southern League
In 1927, 1st British airliner to serve cooked meals (Imperial Airways)
In 1927, Netherlands beats Belgium 3-2 in soccer match in Amsterdam
In 1927, Panningen soccer team forms in Panningen
In 1928, 6 children die & 10 injured by hailstones in Klausenburg, Romania
In 1928, Drunken fascist Erich Wichman attacks VARA-radio transmitter
In 1928, Lei Day begun (a Hawaiian celebration)
In 1928, Pitcairn Airlines (later Eastern) begins service
In 1928, Rotterdam soccer team Black White '28 forms
In 1929, Brooklyn's Johnny Finn sets 100 yard sack race in 14.4 seconds
In 1929, Farm workers strike begins in East-Groningen
In 1929, Police kill 19 Mayday demonstrators in Berlin
In 1930, Bradman scores 236 Aust v Worcs, his 1st f-class innings in Eng
In 1931, Empire State Building opens in NYC
In 1931, Norway claims Peter I Island
In 1931, Singer Kate Smith begins her long-running radio program on CBS
In 1932, 1st Suriname union congress at Paramaribo
In 1934, Austria signs pact with Vatican
In 1934, Philippine legislature accepts US proposal for independence
In 1934, Water state kingdom dismisses NSB-leader Anton Mussert
In 1935, Boulder Dam completed
In 1935, Canada's 1st silver dollar is circulated
In 1936, Emperor Haile Selassie leaves Ethiopia as Italian invades
In 1936, FBI's J Edgar Hoover arrests Alvin Karpis
In 1937, FDR signs act of neutrality
In 1939, Batman comics hit street
In 1939, Pulitzer Prize awarded to Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings (Yearling)
In 1940, 140 Palestinian Jews die as German planes bomb their ship
In 1940, The 1940 Olympics are cancelled
In 1941, "Citizen Kane," directed & starring Orson Welles, premieres in NY
In 1941, General Mills introduces Cheerios
In 1941, German assault on Tobruk
In 1942, Radio Orange calls to defy order to wear "Jewish star"
In 1943, 1st edition of illegal "The Free Artist" appears in Amsterdam
In 1943, 69th Kentucky Derby: Johnny Longden aboard Count Fleet wins in 2:04
In 1943, Food rationing begins in US
In 1943, German Wehrmacht deployed in order to break Dutch strikes
In 1943, German plane sinks boat loaded with Palestinian Jews bound for Malta
In 1943, Rauter signs unofficial death sentence
In 1944, Messerschmitt Me 262 Sturmvogel, 1st jet bomber, makes 1st flight
In 1944, Pulitzer prize awarded to Martin Flavin (Journey in the dark)
In 1944, Surprise attack on Weteringschans Amsterdam, fails
In 1945, 900 occupiers of Demmin Vorpommeren, commit suicide
In 1945, Admiral Karl Doenitz forms German government
In 1945, Australian & Dutch troops lands on Tarakan
In 1945, General Belgian Labor Union (ABVV) party forms
In 1945, Radio Budapest, Hungary re-enters shortwave broadcasting after WW II
In 1945, Seys-Inquart flees to Flensburg
In 1945, Soviet army reach Rostock
In 1946, Fieldmarshal Montgomery appointed British supreme commander
In 1946, Mrs Emma Clarissa Clement named "American Mother of Year"
In 1947, Cleve Indians abandon League Park to play all games at Municipal Stad
In 1947, Lt General Hoyt S Vandenberg, USA, ends term as 2nd head of CIA
In 1947, Radar for coml & private planes 1st demonstrated
In 1947, Rear Admiral Roscoe H Hillenkoetter, USN, becomes 3th director of CIA
In 1948, 74th Kentucky Derby: Eddie Arcaro aboard Citation wins in 2:05.4
In 1948, Glenn Taylor, Idaho Senator, arrested in Birmingham Alabama for
In 1948, North Korean proclaims itself People's Democratic Republic of Korea
In 1948, Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Auspicia quaedam
In 1948, trying to enter a meeting through a door marked "for Negroes"
In 1949, A's Elmer Valo is 1st AL'er to hit 2 bases-loaded triples in a game
In 1949, Gerard Kuiper discovers Nereid, (2nd satellite of Neptune)
In 1950, Gwendolyn Brooks, is 1st Black awarded a Pulitzer Prize (poetry)
In 1950, Mayor of Brussels reluctantly bans May Day parade
In 1950, New marriage laws enforced in People's Republic China
In 1950, Pulitzer prize awarded to Rodgers & Hammerstein (South Pacific)
In 1950, WJIM (now WLNS) TV channel 6 in Lansing, MI (CBS) begins broadcasting
In 1951, 600,000 march for peace & freedom in Germany
In 1951, Dutch Reformed Church introduces new church choir
In 1951, Mickey Mantle's 1st HR
In 1951, Minnie Minoso becomes the 1st black to play for the White Sox
In 1952, Goethe Link Observatory discovers asteroid #3428
In 1952, Marines take part in an atomic explosion training in Nevada
In 1952, Mr Potato Head, introduced
In 1952, TWA introduces tourist class
In 1954, 80th Kentucky Derby: Raymond York aboard Determine wins in 2:03
In 1954, Bishops publish Mandement (member socialist org forbidden)
In 1954, HSA-UWC Forms (Unification Church) (Moonies)
In 1954, WAPA TV channel 4 in San Juan, PR (NBC/SFN) begins broadcasting
In 1955, Babe Didrikson-Zaharias wins LPGA Peach Blossom Golf Tournament
In 1955, Bob Feller's 15th 1 or less hitter (12 1-hitters, 3 no-hitters)
In 1957, Flevo Boys soccer team forms in Emmeloord
In 1957, Larry King's 1st radio broadcast
In 1957, US give Poland credit of $95 million
In 1957, Vanguard TV-1 booster test reaches 195 km
In 1958, Ambonese rebellion bombed Ambon/conquer Morotai
In 1958, Arturo Frondizi sworn in as president of Argentina
In 1959, Floyd Patterson KOs Brian London in 11 for heavyweight boxing title
In 1959, West Germany introduces 5 day work week
In 1959, White Sox Early Wynn beats Red Sox 1-0 on his own HR
In 1960, India's Bombay state split into Gujarat & Maharashtra states
In 1960, Pancho Gonzalez retires from tennis
In 1960, Russia shoots down Francis Gary Powers' U-2 spy plane over Sverdlovsk
In 1961, 1st US airplane hijacked to Cuba
In 1961, Fidel Castro announces there will be no more elections in Cuba
In 1961, Pulitzer prize awarded to Harper Lee (To Kill a Mockingbird)
In 1961, Tanganyika granted full internal self-government by Britain
In 1962, 1st French underground nuclear experiment in the Sahara
In 1962, Bo Belinsky pitches a no-hitter, in his 4th start
In 1962, France performs underground nuclear test at Ecker Algeria
In 1962, JFK authorizes Area Redevelopment Act (ARA)
In 1963, 1st American (James Whittaker) conquers Mount Everest
In 1963, Indonesia takes control of Irian Jaya (west New Guinea) from Neth
In 1964, 1st BASIC program runs on a computer (Dartmouth)
In 1965, 91st Kentucky Derby: Bill Shoemaker on Lucky Debonair wins in 2:01.2
In 1965, Stanley Cup: Montreal Canadiens beat Chicago Blackhawks, 4 games to 3
In 1965, USSR launches Luna 5; later impacts on Moon
In 1966, Last British concert by Beatles (Empire Pool in Wembley)
In 1966, Mickey Wright wins LPGA Shreveport Kiwanis Club Golf Invitational
In 1966, Radio RSA, South Africa begins shortwave transmitting
In 1966, US troops shooting targets in Cambodia
In 1967, Anastasio Somoza Debayle becomes president of Nicaragua
In 1967, Elvis Presley & Pricilla Beaulieu wed
In 1967, Jelle Zijlstra becomes president of Netherlands Bank
In 1967, Priscilla Beaulieu & Elvis Presley wed in Las Vegas
In 1967, Pulitzer prize awarded to Bernard Malamud (Fixer)
In 1968, "Ben Franklin in Paris" closes at Lunt Fontanne NYC after 215 perfs
In 1968, Phillies J Boozer is ejected for throwing spitballs during his warmup
In 1969, 43 Unification church couples wed in NYC
In 1969, Hou

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 183 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Mon, May  1, 2000 (01:52) * 1 lines 
Shall I sppe posting these all-inclusive almanacs or just the brief today in history sort I posted before? Comments, please?

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 184 of 402: the history of spring (sprin5) * Mon, May  1, 2000 (08:26) * 1 lines 
all inclusive!

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 185 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Mon, May  1, 2000 (13:16) * 3 lines 
Thank you for responding so quickly. This is much easier than picking through the other ones and deleting the ads before I post them.

(see what happens when you type "keep" in the middle of the night after a double header - it comes out sppe and I did not even notice before hitting the submit button. *sigh*)

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 186 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Mon, May  1, 2000 (13:21) * 124 lines 
The rest of May 1, 2000

In 1969, Houston Don Wilson 2nd no-hitter beats Cin Reds, 4-0
In 1969, Leonard Tose buys NFL Philadelphia Eagles for $16,155,000
In 1969, Pirate Radio Station 259 (England/France) begins transmitting
In 1971, 97th Kentucky Derby: Gustavo Avila on Canonero II wins in 2:03.2
In 1971, Amtrak Railroad begins operation
In 1971, Rolling Stones release "Brown Sugar"
In 1972, "Different Times" opens at ANTA Theater NYC for 24 performances
In 1972, North Vietnamese troops occupy Quang Tri Activities Committee
In 1972, Pulitzer prize awarded to Wallace Stegner (Angle of Repose)
In 1972, Radio's Mutual Black Network premieres
In 1973, SF Giants score 7 runs with 2 outs in 9th to beat Pirates, 8-7
In 1975, Flyers 5-Isles 4-semifinals-Flyers hold 2-0 lead
In 1975, Islander Parise & Potvin score within 14 seconds in playoffs
In 1976, 102nd Kentucky Derby: Angel Cordero Jr on Bold Forbes wins in 2:01.6
In 1976, Jos Hermens, runs Dutch record for 20K (57:24.2)
In 1977, Chantal Langlace runs female world record marathon (2:35:15.4)
In 1977, Debbie Austin wins LPGA Birmingham Golf Classic
In 1977, Empress Lilly dedicated
In 1978, 1st black mayor of New Orleans (Ernest Morial) inaugurated
In 1978, MVV soccer team forms in Maastricht
In 1978, Naomi Uemura became 1st to reach North Pole overland alone
In 1979, Elton John becomes 1st pop star to perform in Israel
In 1979, Home rule introduced to Kalaallit Nunaat (Greenland)
In 1979, Marshall Islands (in Pacific) become self-governing
In 1980, "Day in Hollywood, A Night..." opens at John Golden NYC for 588 perf
In 1980, 15th Academy of Country Music Awards: Barbara Mandrell wins
In 1980, Amer Book Award: William Styron (Sophie Choice)/T Wolfe (Right Stuff)
In 1980, Sabres & Islanders play to 1:20 of 5th period in a playoff
In 1981, Billie Jean King admits to a lesbian affair with Marilyn Barnett
In 1981, Harrison Williams (Sen-D-NJ) convicted on FBI Abscam charges
In 1981, Radio Shack releases Model III TRSDOS 1.3
In 1982, 108th Kentucky Derby: Ed Delahoussaye on Gato Del Sol wins in 2:02.4
In 1982, 1982 World's Fair in Knoxville Tennessee opens
In 1982, Nordiques 4-Isles 5 (OT)-semifinals-Isles hold 3-0 lead
In 1983, "My One & Only" opens at St James Theater NYC for 767 performances
In 1983, Hollis Stacy wins LPGA CPC International Golf Tournament
In 1983, Nolan Ryan surpasses Walter Johnson for most strikeouts (3,508)
In 1984, Great Britain performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
In 1984, Mick Fleetwood (of Fleetwood Mac) files for bankruptcy
In 1985, "Communist" bomb attack kills 2 firemen in Brussels
In 1985, US president Reagan ends embargo against Nicaragua
In 1985, William Hoffman's "As Is," premieres in NYC
In 1986, Bill Elliott sets stock car speed record of 212.229 mph
In 1986, Tass reports Chernobyl nuclear power plant mishap
In 1986, Will Stegers expedition reaches North Pole
In 1987, 46 HRs hit in 13 baseball games
In 1987, Pope John Paul II beatifies Edith Stein, a Jewish born nun
In 1988, "Romance/Romance" opens at Helen Hayes Theater NYC for 297 perfs
In 1988, IRA attack in Roermond, kills 3
In 1988, Patti Rizzo wins LPGA Sara Lee Golf Classic
In 1989, 135 acre Disney's MGM studio officially opens to public
In 1989, E F Helin discovers asteroid #7335
In 1989, Jockey Chris Antley ends record of 64 consecutive winning days
In 1989, US Supreme Court rules employees have legal burden to prove non-
In 1989, discriminatory reasons for not hiring or promoting
In 1990, "Prelude to a Kiss" opens at Helen Hayes Theater NYC
In 1991, "Will Rogers Follies" opens at Palace Theater NYC for 983 performances
In 1991, A's Rickey Henderson steals an all time record 939th base vs Yanks
In 1991, Actor Robert Duvall weds Sharon Brophy
In 1991, Angola's civil war ends
In 1991, Last day of Test cricket for Gordon Greenidge
In 1991, Milwaukee Brewers beat Chicago Cubs, 10-9, in 19 innings
In 1991, Nolan Ryan pitches his 7th no-hitter, beating Toronto
In 1991, Rickey Henderson breaks Lou Brocks record with his 939th steal
In 1991, Skin-Spit-Skin featuring lesbain, homosexual & hetrosexual nude
In 1991, Tx Ranger Nolan Ryan pitches record 7th no hitter (beats Toronto 3-0)
In 1991, couples caressing, is seen by 5,000 in NYC
In 1992, Eric Houston kills 4 in a Calif HS where he failed history 4 yrs prior
In 1992, K Lawrence & E F Helin discover asteroid #7091
In 1992, LA Dodgers postpone 3 games due to racial riots due to Rodney King
In 1992, NY Rangers wins their 1st ever 7th game of a playoff (vs NJ Devils)
In 1992, Rickey Henderson steals his 1,000th base
In 1993, 119th Kentucky Derby: Jerry Bailey aboard Sea Hero wins in 2:02.4
In 1993, Bomb attack on Sri Lankan president (26 die)
In 1994, "My Fair Lady" closes at Virginia Theater NYC after 165 performances
In 1994, "Rise & Fall of Little Voice" opens at Neil Simon NYC for 9 perfs
In 1994, -3] Tornado & hail storms hit Jiangxi China, 95 killed
In 1994, Charles Kuralt, retires as CBS newsman (On the Road)
In 1994, Sandra Palmer wins LPGA Sprint Senior Challenge Golf Tournament
In 1994, Sherri Steinhauer wins LPGA Sprint Golf Championship
In 1995, "On the Waterfront" opens at Atkinson Theater NYC for 8 performances
In 1995, Steve Waugh scores 200 for Australia v WI at Sabina Park
In 1996, "Ideal Husband" opens at Barrymore Theater NYC for 308 performances
In 1996, Gerald Williams is 1st NY Yankee since 1934 to get 6 hits in a game
In 1997, Howard Stern Radio Show premieres in San Diego CA on KIOZ 105.3 FM
In 1997, Lincoln Near-Earth Research Team discovers asteroid #7904 Morrow
In 1997, Toni Blair elected PM of UK
In 1999, 125th Kentucky Derby

[66 nations] May Day/Labor Day
[Finland] Vappu Day
[Hawaii] Lei Day
[Marshall Islands] Proclamation of Rep of Marshall Islands (1979)
[Mass] Senior Citizens' Day (1963)
[New Orleans] McDonogh Day (1850)
[Turkey] Commemoration of Yunus Emre
[US] Child Health Day
[US] Dewey Day (Battle of Manila Bay) (1898)
[Zambia] Labour Day

In 2000, [Orthodox] Easter (4/17 OS)
In 2011, [Jewish] Yom Hashoah-Holocaust Memorial Day (Nis 27, 5771)
In 2017, [Jewish] Yom Haatzmaut (Iyyar 5, 5777)
In 2025, [Jewish] Yom Haatzmaut (Iyyar 3, 5785)
In 2028, [Jewish] Yom Haatzmaut (Iyyar 5, 5788)
In 2036, [Jewish] Yom Haatzmaut (Iyyar 4, 5796)
In 2040, [Jewish] Lag B'Omer-Love for Holy Land Day (Iyyar 18, 5800)
In 2047, [Jewish] Yom Haatzmaut (Iyyar 5, 5807)
In 2048, [Jewish] Lag B'Omer-Love for Holy Land Day (Iyyar 18, 5808)
In 2057, [Jewish] Yom Hashoah-Holocaust Memorial Day (Nis 27, 5817)
In 2059, [Jewish] Lag B'Omer-Love for Holy Land Day (Iyyar 18, 5819)
[Ang, Luth] Feast of SS Philip & James, apostles
[Christian] May Fellowship Day (Church Woman United)
[RC] Aldebrand, bishop of Fossombrone
[RC] Evermarus, pilgrim in Tongeren?
[RC] Memorial of St Joseph the Workman, stepfather of Jesus (opt)
[RC] Sigismund, king of Bourgondi‰
[RC] Waldburga/Walpurgis, daughter King Richard/abbess of Heidenheim

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 187 of 402: spring today (sprin5) * Tue, May  2, 2000 (00:25) * 1 lines 
This day in history, history topic 5 was linked to topic 24 in today.

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 188 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Tue, May  2, 2000 (11:11) * 1 lines 
Thank you kindly, sir!

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 189 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Tue, May  2, 2000 (17:23) * 443 lines 
On May 02 - 122nd day of year with 243 days left (Numerology = 7)

Happy Birthday to:
In 1551, William Camden, English historian (Brittania, Annales)
In 1601, Athanasius Kircher, German Jesuit/inventor (magic lantern)
In 1660, Pietro Alessandro Gaspare Scarlatti, Palermo Italy, composer (Tigrane)
In 1729, Catherine II, the Great, empress of Russia (1762-96)
In 1729, Florian Johann Deller, composer
In 1740, Elias Boudinot, lawyer/patriot, found Amer Biblical Society
In 1752, Ludwig August Lebrun, composer
In 1754, Vicente Martin y Soler, composer
In 1768, Jean-Louis M Alibert, French dermatologist
In 1772, Novalis, writer
In 1779, John Galt, Scotland, novelist (Ayrshire Legatees, Lawrie Todd)
In 1810, Hans Christian Lumbye, composer
In 1810, Leo XIII, 257th Roman Catholic pope (1878-1903)
In 1817, Zikmund Michal Kolesovsky, composer
In 1821, Abram Sanders Piatt, Brig General (Union volunteers), died in 1908
In 1837, Henry Martyn Robert, parliamentarian (Robert's Rules of Order)
In 1843, Carl Michael Ziehrer, composer
In 1844, Elijah McCoy, black inventor, held over 50 patents
In 1846, Zygmunt Noskowski, composer
In 1849, Frst Bernhard HM von Blow, German chancellor/Prussian PM (1900-09)
In 1853, Marie Verstraete, actress (Louise-Frou Frou)
In 1855, Theodore Moses Tobani, composer
In 1857, Frederic Cliffe, composer
In 1859, Eugene D'Harcourt, composer
In 1860, D'Arcy Thompson, zoologist/classicist (On Growth & Form)
In 1860, Theodor Herzl, Austria, journalist/founder (Zionist movement)
In 1862, Marie F M Emmanuel, French composer/musicologist (Salamine)
In 1869, Tyrone Power Sr, London England, actor (Alexanders Ragtime Band)
In 1872, G G van der Hoeven, Dutch editor-in-chief (NRC)
In 1884, Fran‡ois de Vries, Dutch economist
In 1886, Gottfried Benn, writer
In 1887, Edward Collins, NY, Hall of Fame infielder (White Sox, A's)
In 1890, E[dward] E[lmer] "Doc" Smith, US, sci-fi author (Triplanetary)
In 1892, Manfred Freiherr von Richthofen, [Red Baron], German WW I ace
In 1893, Beppie Nooij Jr, Dutch actress (Rooie Sien) [or May 13, 1912]
In 1895, Alfred Kurella, writer
In 1895, Peggy Bacon, Ridgefield Ct, author/illustrator (Off With Their Heads)
In 1898, Jef [Josephus C F] Last, Dutch poet/politician (The Spark)
In 19--, Jo Ann Pflug, Atlanta Ga, actress (M*A*S*H, Candid Camera, Rituals)
In 19--, Matt Thorr, rocker (Jailhouse-Alive in a Mad World)
In 19--, Myriam Hern ndez, Chile, spanish singer (Ay Amor)
In 19--, Paige Peterson, Lawrence KS, actress (Amy Wright-Hang Time)
In 19--, Prescott Niles, rocker
In 1900, Helen Morgan, singer/actress (Applause, Frankie & Johnny)
In 1901, Bob Wyatt, cricketer (England batsman 1927-37)
In 1901, Lev N Lunts, Russia, writer (Outside the Law, City of Truth)
In 1901, Robert Elliott Storey Wyatt, cricketer
In 1901, Willi Bredel, writer
In 1902, Brian Aherne, Worcestershire England, actor (Juarez)
In 1902, Erin O'Brien-Moore, LA CA, actress (Peyton Place, Our Little Girl)
In 1903, Benjamin Spock, CT, pediatrician (Common Sense Book of Baby Care)
In 1903, Oivin Fjeldstad, composer
In 1904, Georgi Dimitrov, composer
In 1905, Alan Rawsthorne, Haslingden England, composer (Cort‚ges)
In 1906, Aileen Riggin, Newport RI, springboard diver (Olympic-gold-1920, 24)
In 1906, Maurice Thiriet, composer
In 1907, Pinky Lee, children's show host (Pinky Lee Show)
In 1908, William Bakewell, LA Calif, actor (Stage manager-Pinky Lee Show)
In 1910, Laurie Nash, cricketer (Tasmanian fast-bowler, 2 Tests for Australia)
In 1911, Lillian Rambach, teacher violinist
In 1912, Axel Springer, German newspaper magnate
In 1912, Marten Toonder, writer/cartoonist (Mr Bommel)
In 1913, Nigel Patrick, London Engld, actor/director (Sapphire, Prize of Gold)
In 1914, Dennis Dyer, cricketer (opened batting for S Africa v England 1947)
In 1915, Jan Hanus, composer
In 1915, Van Alexander, NYC, orch leader (Gordon MacRae Show)
In 1918, Frederick Archibauld Warner, diplomat
In 1919, Than Wyenn, NYC, actor (Pete Kelly's Blues)
In 1920, Jacob Gilboa, composer
In 1921, Satyajit Ray, Calcutta India, director (Goddess, Adversary)
In 1922, Abraham Rosenthal, editor (NY Times)
In 1923, Christina Spierenburg, Dutch singer
In 1924, Aafje Heynis, Dutch singer
In 1924, Theodore Bikel, Austrian/US folk singer/actor (Russians Are Coming)
In 1925, David Ironside, cricketer (S Afr swing bowler in 3 Tests v NZ 1953-54)
In 1925, John Neville, actor (Adventures of Baron Mnchausen)
In 1925, Roscoe Lee Browne, Woodbury NJ, actor (McCoy, Saunders-Soap)
In 1925, Svatopluk Havelka, composer
In 1929, Edward Levy Irving, composer
In 1929, Luc Ferrari, composer
In 1929, Sydney Gedye, cricketer (opening batsman in four Tests for NZ 1964)
In 1932, Bruce Glover, Chicago Ill, actor (Diamonds are Forever)
In 1932, Kees de Galan, Dutch economist
In 1932, Malcolm Leyland Lipkin, composer
In 1933, Bunk Gardner, rocker (Mothers Of Invention)
In 1935, Faisal II, King of Iraq (1939-58)/son of Ghasi I
In 1935, Hussain ibn Talal, King of Jordan (1952- )
In 1935, Link Wray, rocker (Link Wray & His Ray Men)
In 1936, Michael Rabin, NYC, violinist (In Memorium)
In 1936, Quinn Redeker, Woodstock Ill, actor (Dan Raven, Young & Restless)
In 1937, Gisela Elsner, writer
In 1937, Lorenzo Music, Bkln NY, writer/actor/voice (Carlton-Rhoda, Garfield)
In 1938, Constantine Bereng Seeiso, king Moshushoe II of Lesotho
In 1940, Bryan Davis, cricketer (bro of Charlie WI batsman v Australia 1965)
In 1940, Sari van Heemskerck Pillis-Duvekot, Dutch MP (VVD)
In 1941, Jules Wijdenbosch, premier Suriname
In 1944, F Innerhofer, writer
In 1945, Bianca P‚rez Morena de Macias Jagger, Nicaragua, model/Mick's ex-wife
In 1945, Bob Henrit, English pop drummer (Kinks-Waterloo Sunset)
In 1945, Goldy McJohn, rocker (Steppenwolf)
In 1945, Randy Cain, US soul singer (4 Gents/Delfonics)
In 1945, Robert Henrit, England, rocker (Argent)
In 1946, Lesley Gore, Tenafly NJ, singer (It's My Party)
In 1947, Bill Lowery, (Rep-R-CA, 1981- )
In 1948, Larry Gatlin, Seminole Tx, country singer (Gatlin Bros-Broken Lady)
In 1949, Joey Phillips, percussionist (Atlantic Star-Touch a 4 Leaf Clover)
In 1950, Lou Gramm, Rochester NY, rocker (Foreigner-Want to Know What Love Is)
In 1952, Christine Baranski, Buffalo NY, actress (Maryann-Cybill, Birdcage)
In 1953, "Keith" Jamaal Wilkes, NBA forward (Golden State-Rookie of Yr 1975)
In 1954, Bulelani T Ngcuka, South African attorney/leader (UDF)
In 1955, Ian Callen, cricketer (one Test Australia v India 1978, six wickets)
In 1955, Jay Osmond, rocker (Osmond Brothers)
In 1955, Joe Callis, rocker
In 1957, Domonic L Pudwill Gorie, Lake Charles LA, USN/astronaut (sk: STS-91)
In 1958, Kim Jones, Sonoma Calif, 5k runner
In 1959, Brian Tochi, LA Calif, actor (Dr Alan Poe-St Elsewhere, Renegades)
In 1960, Ravi Ratnayeke, cricketer (Sri Lankan pace bowler & opening batsman)
In 1961, Doctor Robert, [Bruce R Howard], rocker (Blow Monkeys-Wicked Ways)
In 1961, Peter Doohan, Australia, tennis star
In 1962, Elizabeth Berridge, Westchester NY, actress (Amadeus, Funhouse)
In 1962, Nancy Harvey, Swift Current Sask, LPGA golfer (1995 Youngstown-11th)
In 1963, Jos van Eck, Dutch soccer player (Sparta)
In 1963, Kenton Leonard, CFL cornerback (Calgary Stampeders)
In 1964, Kelly Michael Gibson, New Orleans LA, PGA golfer (1995 Bob Hope-7th)
In 1967, Kerryn McCann, Australian marathoner (Olympics-96)
In 1968, Reggie Slack, CFL quarterback (Saskatchewan Roughriders)
In 1968, Will Furrer, WLAF quarterback (Amsterdam Admirals)
In 1969, Brian Lara, cricketer (WI left-hand bat Smashed world records in 1994)
In 1969, Glen Young, NFL linebacker (SD Chargers)
In 1970, Vania Thomas, Miss US Virgin Islands Universe (1997)
In 1971, Greg Bishop, NFL guard (NY Giants)
In 1972, Erik Maes, Dutch soccer player (MVV)
In 1972, Jennifer Miriam, Oklahoma City OK, playmate (March, 1997)
In 1972, Jill Savery, Ft Lauderdale Fl, synchronized swimmer (Olympics-gold-96)
In 1972, Peter Ogilvie, Vancouver BC, 100m sprinter (Olympics-96)
In 1973, Rich Yurkiewicz, NFL/WLAF linebacker (Atlanta Falcons, Amst Admirals)
In 1974, Miles Joseph, West Springfield Mass, soccer forward (Olympics-gold-96)
In 1975, Mark Johnson, Dayton Ohio, baseball pitcher (Olympics-bronze-96)
In 1975, Murray William Burdan, Wellington NZ, swimmer (Olympics-96)
In 1976, Ailleen Damiles, Miss Universe-Philippines/Miss Photogenic (1996)
In 1976, Nancy Feber, Antwerp Belgium, tennis star
In 1977, Amy D'Entremont, Stoneham Mass, figure skater (1995 NE Jr champ)
In 1977, Jenna Von Oy, actress (Seven-Blossom)

Sorry to see these people go:
In , Maruta of Tagrit, theology/1st mafriaan Jakobitische church, dies
In 1250, Toeransa, sultan of Egypt, murdered
In 1459, Pierozzi Antoninus, Italian archbishop of Florence/saint, dies
In 1488, Jacob van Horne, Burgundy statesman, dies
In 1519, Leonardo Da Vinci, artist/scientist, dies at 67
In 1567, Marin Drzic, Croatian playwright (Dundo Maroje), dies
In 1669, Pieter Jansz Post, master builder (Waag, Gouda), dies at 61
In 1685, Adriaen van Ostade, Dutch painter, buried
In 1727, Paul Aler, French jesuit/poet (Gradus ad Parnassum), dies at 70
In 1736, Albert Seba, Amsterdam pharmacist, dies at 71
In 1799, Henri-Joseph Rigel, composer, dies at 58
In 1818, Herman W Daendels, governor-gen of Guinea (1815-18), dies at 55
In 1845, August Pauly, German writer (Real Encyclopedia), dies at 48
In 1849, David H Chass‚, baron/gen (fought Napoleon at Waterloo), dies at 84
In 1857, LC Alfred the Musset, French poet (Lesson caprices Marianne), dies
In 1864, Giacomo Meyerbeer, composer, dies at 72
In 1892, Wilhelm Rust, composer, dies at 69
In 1897, William Cleaver Francis Robinson, composer, dies at 63
In 1919, Gustav Landauer, German socialist, dies
In 1937, Arthur Somervell, composer, dies at 73
In 1945, Martin Bormann, propoganda minister for Hitler, dies
In 1954, Pauline de Cock-Manifarges, singer, dies at 82
In 1955, Tadeusz Jarecki, composer, dies at 66
In 1957, Joseph McCarthy, commie hunting senator (R-Wisc), dies at 47
In 1957, Tadeusz Zygfryd Kassern, composer, dies at 53
In 1958, Alfred Weber, German economist/sociologist, dies at 89
In 1959, Yrl” Henrik Kilpinen, Finnish composer, dies at 67
In 1960, Caryl Chessman, rapist executed after 12 years of appeals at 39
In 1961, J C White, cricketer (49 wickets in 15 Tests for Engld 1921-31), dies
In 1963, Jack Crawford, cricketer (469 runs & 39 wickets in 12 Tests), dies
In 1963, Tomas Vackar, composer, dies at 17
In 1963, Van Wyck Brooks, US historian (Ordeal of Mark Twain), dies at 77
In 1964, Nancy N Witcher Astor, US/Eng feminist/ex of Waldorf Astor, dies
In 1968, Donald L Hall, airplane designer (Spirit of St Louis), dies at 69
In 1969, Franz JHMM von Papen, German chancellor (1932), dies at 89
In 1972, Hugo Hartung, writer, dies at 69
In 1972, J Edgar Hoover, head of FBI (1924-72)/cross dresser, dies at 77
In 1973, Alan Carney, actor (Herbie-Take it from Me), dies at 61
In 1980, Clarrie Grimmett, cricket (36 Tests for Australia, 216 wickets), dies
In 1982, Helmut Dantine
In 1982, Hugh Marlowe, actor (Jim Matthews-Another World), dies at 71
In 1983, Marius F Duintjer, architect, dies
In 1984, Jack Barry, game show emcee (Joker's Wild), dies at 66
In 1984, Piet van Aken, Flemish writer (Failing God, Niggers), dies at 64
In 1985, Hal LeRoy, dancer/actor (Harold Teen), dies at 71 after surgery
In 1985, Milton S Eisenhower, US diplomat, dies at 85
In 1990, David Rappaport, 3'11' actor (Wizard, LA Law), shoots himself at 38
In 1990, Oleg Anatolyevich Yakovlev, Russian cosmonaut, dies at 49
In 1990, William Levi Dawson, composer, dies at 90
In 1991, Hal Bell, dies at 65
In 1991, Leib Lensky, dies at 82
In 1992, Joey Cuevas, dancer, dies at 34
In 1992, Lee Salk, baby doctor/author, dies of cardiac arrest at 65
In 1992, Margareth Wallmann, Austrian opera director, dies at 88
In 1992, Philip Dunne, screenwriter, dies of cancer at 84
In 1992, Wilbur Mills, (Rep-D-Ark)/involved with Fanne Foxe, dies at 82
In 1993, Julio Gallo, wine maker (Gallo), dies in a car accident at 82
In 1993, WLPM, the Short, Dutch MP (KVP, 1945-73), dies at 83
In 1993, Will Weng, Sunday Times crossword puzzle editor (1968-78), dies at 86
In 1994, Louis Calaferte, writer (Requiem of the Innocents), dies at 65
In 1994, Wilson Charles Geoffery Baldwin, hero, dies at 75
In 1996, Arthur Leslie Noel Douglas Houghton, civil servant, dies at 97
In 1996, Emile Habibi, writer, dies at 73
In 1996, Peter John Swales, football club chairman, dies at 63

In 1345, "Quaden Maendach" in Gent: Battles between volders & weavers
In 1497, John Cabot departs to North-America
In 1526, German evangelical monarchy joins Schmalkaldische League
In 1536, King Henry VIII accused Anna Boleyn of adultery & incest
In 1595, King Philip II names Albrecht of Austria land guardian of Neth
In 1598, France & Spain signs Peace of Vervins
In 1652, Frederik Hendriks daughter Albertine Agnes marries Willem Frederik
In 1668, 1st peace of Aken: ends French-Spanish war in The Netherlands
In 1668, Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle, ends War of Devolution
In 1670, King Charles II charters Hudson Bay Company
In 1703, Portugal signs treaty with England to become a Great Covenant
In 1749, Empress Maria Theresa signs "Haugwitzschen State reform"
In 1750, Carlo Goldoni's "La Botega di CaffŠ," premieres in Mantua
In 1776, France & Spain agreed to give weapons to American rebels
In 1780, William Herschel discovers 1st binary star, Xi Ursae Majoris
In 1808, Uprising against French occupation begins in Madrid
In 1824, Goethe visits Ettersberg (Buchenwald)
In 1833, Czar Nicolas bans public sale of serfs
In 1845, Domingo Sarmiento publishes "Civilizaci¢n y Barbarie"
In 1847, Sabbath famine
In 1853, Franconi's Hippodrome opens (NYC)
In 1863, South defeats North in Battle of Chancellorsville, Va
In 1863, Stonewall Jackson attacks Chancellorsville, wounded by his own men
In 1864, N R Pogson discovers asteroid #80 Sappho
In 1865, Pres Johnson offers $100,000 reward for capture of Jefferson Davis
In 1876, Ross Barnes hit 1st home run in National League
In 1878, US stops minting 20› coin
In 1885, "Good Housekeeping" magazine is 1st published
In 1885, Congo Free State forms by King Leopold II of Belgium
In 1887, G Rossini's corpse transfered to Santa Croce, Florence
In 1887, Hannibal W Goodwin patents celluloid photographic film
In 1889, Abyssinian emperor Menelik II/Italy signs Treaty of Wichale
In 1890, Territory of Oklahoma created
In 1900, George Bernard Shaws "You Never Can Tell," premieres in London
In 1902, "A Trip To The Moon," the 1st science fiction film released
In 1903, 29th Kentucky Derby: Hal Booker aboard Judge Himes wins in 2:09
In 1904, 30th Kentucky Derby: Shorty Prior aboard Elwood wins in 2:08«
In 1905, French newspapers publish lists of Jules Vernes unpublished work
In 1906, 32nd Kentucky Derby: Roscoe Troxler aboard Sir Huon wins in 2:08.8
In 1907, Belgium Jules baron de Trooz forms Belgian govt
In 1909, Honus Wagner steals his way around bases in 1st inning against Cubs
In 1911, French troops occupy FŠs El Bali Morocco
In 1915, Old Fordham Road in Bronx renamed Landing Road
In 1916, 2nd Ave & Bronx Terrace renamed Bronx Blvd; Seward Pl renamed Sycamore
In 1916, Ave; Herald Ave renamed Dickinson Ave; Monroe & Selwyn Avenue named
In 1916, US president Wilson signs Harrison Drug Act
In 1917, Cin Fred Tooney & Chic's Hippo Vaughn pitch duel no-hitter, Vaughn
In 1917, gives up 2 hits & a run in 10th, so Cin wins 1-0
In 1919, 1st US air passenger service starts
In 1920, 1st game of National Negro Baseball League played in Indianapolis
In 1921, Begin 3rd anti-German revolt in Upper-Silesia
In 1922, WBAP-AM begins broadcasting from Ft Worth Texas
In 1923, Senator Walter Johnson pitches his 100th shutout, beats Yanks 3-0
In 1924, Netherlands refuses to recognize USSR
In 1925, Kezar Stadium in SF's Golden Gate Park opens
In 1926, US military intervenes in Nicaragua
In 1927, Intl Economic Conference (52 countries including USSR) opens
In 1927, Pulitzer prize awarded to Louis Bromfield (Early Autumn)
In 1928, KPQ-AM in Wenatchee WA begins radio transmissions
In 1930, Des Moines (Western League) defeats Wichita 13-6 to open 1st
In 1930, ballpark with permanently installed lights
In 1932, Jack Benny's 1st radio show premieres (NBC Blue Network)
In 1932, Pulitzer prize awarded to Pearl S Buck (Good Earth)
In 1933, In Germany, Adolf Hitler bans trade unions
In 1934, Nazi-Germany begins People's court
In 1935, E Delporte discovers asteroid #1926 Demiddelaer
In 1936, "Peter & Wolf" premieres in Moscow
In 1936, 62nd Kentucky Derby: Ira Hanford aboard Bold Venture wins in 2:03.6
In 1936, Emperor Haile Selassie & family flee Abyssinia
In 1938, Ella Fitzgerald records "A-Tisket, A-Tasket"
In 1938, Pulitzer prize awarded to Thornton Wilder (Our Town)
In 1939, Lou Gehrig ends 2,130 consecutive game streak, Yanks beat Tigers 22-2
In 1941, FCC approves regular scheduled coml TV broadcasts to begin July 1
In 1941, Martin Bormann succeeds Rudolf Hess as Hitler's deputy
In 1941, Nazi occupied Netherlands layoff Jewish journalists
In 1941, Ted Williams lowest average (.308) in year he hit over .400
In 1942, 68th Kentucky Derby: Wayne D Wright aboard Shut Out wins in 2:04.4
In 1942, Japanese troops occupy Mandalay Burma
In 1943, German troops vacate Jefna Tunisia
In 1944, WABD (WNEW, now WNYW) TV channel 5 in NYC (DUM/MET/FOX) 1st broadcast
In 1945, Allies occupy Wismar
In 1945, Dutch Queen Wilhelmina & Princess Juliana reach Gilze-Rijen
In 1945, German Army in Italy surrenders
In 1945, Russia takes Berlin; General Weidling surrenders
In 1945, Yugoslav troops occupy Trieste
In 1946, Prisoners revolt at Alcatraz, 5 die
In 1947, Eugene O'Neill's "Moon for the Misbegotten," premieres in NYC
In 1949, Arthur Miller wins Pulitzer Prize for "Death of a Salesman"
In 1949, Bolivian state of siege proclaimed
In 1949, Don Newcombe, 1st start, shuts out Cincinnati on 5 hits to win 3-0
In 1950, Carlo Terrons "Giuditta," premieres in Milan
In 1950, Dutch 1st Chamber accept Laws on immigration
In 1950, Dutch PM Malan recognizes South-Africa but not China PR
In 1951, McDonald Observatory discovers asteroid #4182 Mount Locke
In 1952, 1st performance of John Cage's "Water Music"
In 1952, 1st scheduled jet airliner passenger service began with a BOAC Comet
In 1952, Operations begin at United Suriname Workers of Netherlands
In 1952, which flew from London to Johannesburg carrying 36 passengers
In 1953, 79th Kentucky Derby: Hank Moreno aboard Dark Star wins in 2:02
In 1953, Feisal II installed as king of Iraq
In 1953, Hussein I installed as king of Jordan
In 1954, Stan Musial hits 5 HRs in a doubleheader
In 1955, India poses discrimination "onaanraakbaren" punishable
In 1955, Pulitzer prize awarded Tennessee Williams for (Cat on Hot Tin Roof)
In 1955, WGBH TV channel 2 in Boston, MA (PBS) begins broadcasting
In 1956, US Lab detects high-temperature microwave radiation from Venus
In 1956, US Methodist church disallows race separation
In 1958, Yanks threaten to broadcast games nationwide if NL goes ahead with
In 1958, plans to broadcast, games into NYC
In 1959, 85th Kentucky Derby: Bill Shoemaker aboard Tomy Lee wins in 2:02.2
In 1960, "American Bandstand's" Dick Clark
In 1960, Harry Belafonte 2nd Carnegie Hall performance
In 1960, House investigating committee, looking into payola questions
In 1960, Pulitzer prize awarded to Al Drury (Advice & Consent)
In 1962, Benfica wins 7th Europe Cup I
In 1962, OAS strikes in Algeria
In 1962, US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Christmas Island
In 1962, WMHT TV channel 17 in Schenectady-Alby-Tro, NY (PBS) 1st broadcast
In 1964, 90th Kentucky Derby: Bill Hartack aboard Northern Dancer wins in 2:00
In 1964, Beatles' "Beatles' 2nd Album" goes #1 & stays #1 for for 5 weeks
In 1964, Mad Dog Vachon beats Verne Gagne in Omaha, to become NWA champ
In 1965, "New Faces of 1965" opens at Booth Theater NYC for 52 performances
In 1965, Early Bird satellite goes into commercial service
In 1965, Kathy Whitworth wins LPGA Shreveport Kiwanis Golf Invitational
In 1965, Marilynn Smith wins LPGA Peach Blossom Golf Open
In 1966, Pulitzer prize awarded Arthur M Schlesinger Jr (Thousand Days)
In 1967, Stanley Cup: Toronto Maple Leafs beat Montreal Canadiens, 4 games to 2
In 1968, 1st performance of Roger Sessions' 8th Symphony
In 1968, 22nd NBA Championship: Boston Celtics beat LA Lakers, 4 games to 2
In 1968, Gold reaches then record high ($39.35 per ounce) in London
In 1968, Israeli television begins transmitting
In 1969, British liner Queen Elizabeth II leaves on maiden voyage to NY
In 1970, 1st woman jockey at Kentucky Derby (Diane Crump)
In 1970, 96th Kentucky Derby: Mike Manganello on Dust Commander wins 2:03.4
In 1970, KOAI (now KNAZ) TV channel 2 in Flagstaff, AZ (NBC) 1st broadcast
In 1971, Sandra Haynie wins LPGA Dallas Civitan Golf Open
In 1972, Electrical fire in Sunshine Silver mine. 126 die (Kellogg Idaho)
In 1972, Lt General Vernon A Walters, USA, becomes deputy director of CIA
In 1972, US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
In 1973, A R Klemola discovers asteroid #2014 Vasilevskis
In 1974, Former VP Spiro Agnew disbarred
In 1975, Apple records closes down
In 1976, #2625 Jack London & #6845
In 1976, Joanne Carner wins LPGA Lady Tara Golf Classic
In 1976, N S Chernykh discovers asteroids #2269 Efremiana, #2476 Andersen,
In 1977, "King & I" opens at Uris Theater NYC for 719 performances
In 1978, NBA championship: Portland Trailblazers win in 4 games
In 1979, "Quadrophenia" premieres in London
In 1979, -May 10] Vivekananda (Sri Lanka) begins nonstop ride, cycling 187 hrs,
In 1979, 14th Academy of Country Music Awards: Kenny Rogers & Barbara Mandrell
In 1979, 28 min, around Vihara Maha Devi Park, Colombo, Sri Lanka
In 1980, Joseph Doherty & 3 other IRA men arrested for murder
In 1980, Pink Floyd's "Another Brick in Wall (Part II)" is banned in S Africa
In 1980, Pope John Paul II begins African tour
In 1980, US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
In 1981, 107th Kentucky Derby: Jorge Velasquez on Pleasant Colony wins in 2:02
In 1981, Radio Shack re-releases Model III TRSDOS 1.3 with 2 fixes
In 1982, Beth Daniel wins LPGA Birmingham Golf Classic
In 1982, Falklands War: Argentine cruiser General Belgrano sunk by British
In 1982, submarine Conqueror, killing more than 350 men
In 1983, 6.7 earthquake injures 487 in Coalinga Calif
In 1984, "Sunday in the Park with George" opens at Booth NYC for 604 perfs
In 1984, Indians' Andre Thornton ties record for most walks (6 in 16 inn)
In 1984, L G Karachkina discovers asteroid #3982 Kastel & #5944 Utesov
In 1984, Mattingly's single breaks up Lamarr Hoyt's perfect game bid
In 1984, US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
In 1985, US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
In 1986, Brorfelde discovers asteroid #7743
In 1986, Dynamo Kiev wins 26th Europe Cup II
In 1986, INAS discovers asteroid #4089, #4121 Carlin & #5722
In 1986, Transportation Expo 86 opens in Vancouver, BC
In 1987, 113th Kentucky Derby: Chris McCarron aboard Alysheba wins in 2:03.4
In 1988, Balt Orioles sign a 15 year lease to remain in Balt & get a new park
In 1988, David Mamet's "Speed-the-Plow," premieres in NYC
In 1988, Jackson Pollock's "Search" sold for $4,800,000
In 1988, Reds manager Pete Rose is suspended for 30 days for pushing an ump
In 1989, E F Helin discover asteroid #4612 Greenstein, #4674 Pauling,
In 1989, #5516 Jawilliamson & #8270
In 1990, "Some Americans Abroad" opens at Vivian Beaumont NYC for 62 perfs
In 1990, South Africa & African National Congress open talks to end apartheid
In 1991, Pope John Paul II's encyclical on Centesimus annus
In 1991, T Urata discovers asteroid #7470
In 1992, "High Rollers Social & Pleasure Club" opens at H Hayes NYC 14 perfs
In 1992, 118th Kentucky Derby: Pat Day aboard Lil E Tee wins in 2:03
In 1992, K Endate & K Watanabe discover asteroid #6869
In 1992, S Ueda & H Kaneda discover asteroid #7022
In 1992, Yugoslav Army seize Bosnian Pres Alija Izetbegovic
In 1993, "5 Guys Named Moe" closes at Eugene O'Neill NYC after 445 perfs
In 1993, "Candida" closes at Criterion Theater NYC after 45 performances
In 1993, "Redwood Curtain" closes at Brooks Atkinson Theater NYC after 40 perfs
In 1993, "Tango Passion" closes at Longacre Theater NYC after 5 performances
In 1993, Kristi Albers wins Sprint Golf Classic
In 1993, Sandra Palmer wins LPGA Sprint Senior Challenge Golf Tournament
In 1994, Bus crashes into a tree at Gdansk Poland, 30 killed
In 1994, Dr Kervokian found innocent on assisting suicides
In 1994, Michael Bolton found plagurized Isley Bros "Love is Wonderful Thing"
In 1995, "Hamlet" opens at Belasco Theater NYC for 121 performances
In 1995, Expos bat out of order against Mets in 6th inning
In 1995, Serb missiles exploded in the heart of Zagreb, killing six
In 1997, Donald Trump & Marla Maples announce they are separating
In 1997, Mercury Mail announces its 1 millionth internet subscriber
In 1997, Police arrest transsexual hooker Atisone Seiuli with Eddie Murphy
In 1997, Republic of Texas security chief Robert Scheidt surrenders
In 1998, 124th Kentucky Derby

[Antigua, Montserrat, St Christopher, USSR] Labor Day
[Bhutan] 3rd King's Birthday
[Burma] Peasants' Day
[Lesotho] King's Birthday
[New Orleans] McDonogh Day (1850)
[Zambia] Labour Day

In 1863, [Bah '¡] 12th day of Ridv n (festival); Jam l 5, 20
In 2000, [Jewish] Yom Hashoah-Holocaust Memorial Day (Nis 27, 5760)
In 2008, [Jewish] Yom Hashoah-Holocaust Memorial Day (Nis 27, 5768)
In 2010, [Jewish] Lag B'Omer-Love for Holy Land Day (Iyyar 18, 5770)
In 2019, [Jewish] Yom Hashoah-Holocaust Memorial Day (Nis 27, 5779)
In 2038, [Jewish] Yom Hashoah-Holocaust Memorial Day (Nis 27, 5798)
In 2044, [Jewish] Yom Haatzmaut (Iyyar 5, 5804)
In 2052, [Jewish] Yom Haatzmaut (Iyyar 3, 5812)
[Baha'i] Twelfth day of Ridvan-festival
[Christian] May Fellowship Day (Church Woman United)
[RC, Luth, Ang] Mem of St Athanasius, bishop of Alexandria/doctor
[RC] Athanasius, patriarch of Alexandria
[RC] Dominican Pierozzi Antoninus, archbishop of Florence
[RC] Peregrinus Laziosi, Italian saint
[RC] Zo‰, martyr

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 190 of 402: spring today (sprin5) * Wed, May  3, 2000 (04:52) * 1 lines 
Sounds like a day for messing up, Eddie Murphy, the Donald, Michael Bolton, and the Republic of Texas Security Chief(?).

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 191 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Wed, May  3, 2000 (13:24) * 443 lines 

On May 03 - 123rd day of year with 242 days left (Numerology = 8)

Happy Birthday to:
In 1446, Margaretha, English princess/duchess of Bourgondie
In 1455, Joƒo II, the perfect, King of Portugal (1481-95)/took in Spanish Jews
In 1469, Niccol• Machiavelli, Italy, politician/writer (Prince)
In 1514, Bartholomaeus a Martyribus, [Fernandez], primate of Portugal
In 1535, Alessandro "Agnolo" Allori, Italian painter/carpet designer
In 1647, John A "Joannes" Antonides van der Goes, poet (Bellone aen bant)
In 1649, Johann Valentin Meder, composer
In 1691, Carolus van der Abeele, Flemish jesuit/author (Introduction … l'amour)
In 1692, Jan J Mauricius, Dutch governor-general of Suriname (1742-51)
In 1708, Johann Adolph Scheibe, German music theroist/composer
In 1729, Florian Leopold Gassmann, composer
In 1737, Friedrich Schwindl, composer
In 1742, Jean-Baptiste Krumphultz, composer
In 1744, Freidrich Wilhelm Weis, composer
In 1752, Braz Francisco de Lima, composer
In 1764, Elisabeth PMH, princess of France/son of king Louis XVI
In 1773, Giuseppe Acerbi, Italian traveller/nature investigator/diplomat
In 1815, Hermanus W Witteveen, Dutch theologist
In 1816, Montgomery Cunningham Meigs, Bvt Mjr Gen (Union Army), died in 1892
In 1819, Nicola De Giosa, composer
In 1826, Charles XV Louis E, King of Sweden/Norway (1859-72)/poet
In 1844, Edouard A Drumont, French anti-semitic journalist
In 1844, Richard D'Oyly Carte, England, opera impresario (Ivanhoe)
In 1849, Jacob Riis, Denmark, reporter (NY Tribune, NY Evening Sun)
In 1859, Andy Adams, US writer (Log of a Cowboy)
In 1867, Jack Hearne, cricketer (cousin of George & Alec 12 Tests for Eng)
In 1867, ValŠre-Gille, Belgian playwright (La Corbeille d'Octobre)
In 1873, Nikolay N Tcherepnin, St Petersburg, composer of ballets, songs [OS]
In 1873, [Nicoline] Magdalene Anchor-Roll, Norwegian author (Kvinnen og Den)
In 1874, Fran‡ois Coty, Corsica, Corsican senator/perfume maker
In 1876, Bert Hopkins, cricketer (Australian pace bowler of the 1900's)
In 1876, John Elicius Benedict B P Quick Carrington Dwyer, cricketer (Sussex)
In 1886, Marcel Dupr‚, French organist/composer
In 1890, B Traven, writer
In 1892, Beulah Bondi, Chicago, actress (It's a Wonderful Life)
In 1892, George Thomson, demonstrated electron diffraction (Nobel 1937)
In 1893, Hope Landin, Minneapolis MN
In 1895, Earnest Kantorowicz, German/US historian (Laudes regiae)
In 1895, Gabriel M-E-R Chevallier, French author (Le petit g‚n‚ral)
In 1895, Zoltan Korda, Hungarian/British director (Jungle Book, 4 Feathers)
In 1897, V K Krishna Menon, India, minister of defense
In 1898, Golda Meir, [Meyerson], Kiev Ukraine, 4th Israeli PM (1969-74)
In 1898, Septima Poinsette Clark, civil rights activist/educator
In 1899, Aline MacMahon, McKeesport Pa, actress (Backdoor to Heaven)
In 19--, Bobby "Blitz" Ellsworth, rocker (Overkill-Hello From the Gutter)
In 19--, Bryan Long, XXX actor (Stuff Your Ass)
In 19--, Christa, XXX actress (Black Playhouse, Made in the Hood)
In 19--, Grace Phillips, LA Calif, actress (Jessica Graham-Feds)
In 19--, Keanna, XXX actress (Just One Look)
In 19--, Mark Thomas Miller, Louisville Ky, actor (Johnny-Misfits of Science)
In 1901, Gino Cervi, Bologna Italy, actor (Les Miserables, Naked Maja)
In 1902, Hugo Friedhofer, composer
In 1902, Jack Larue, NYC, actor (Lights Out, Mouthpiece, My Favorite Brunette)
In 1902, Seton I Miller, Chehalis WA, writer (Pete's Dragon, Istanbul)
In 1902, Walter Slezak, Vienna, actor (Bedtime for Bonzo, Inspector General)
In 1903, Bing Crosby, Tacoma Wash, singer (White Christmas, Going My Way)
In 1904, Charles "Red" Ruffing, NY Yankee pitcher, hitter (1930-46)
In 1904, John Breeden, SF CA, actor (Salute, Madame Racketeer, Joy Street)
In 1905, Albrecht Luitpold G Ferdinand Michael Wittelsbach, duke of Bavaria
In 1905, Sebastian Lewis Shaw, actor (High Season, Ace of Spades, Caste)
In 1906, Mary Astor, Quincy IL, actress (Maltese Falcon, Dinky)
In 1907, Earl Wilson, Rockford Ohio, columnist (Midnight Earl)
In 1910, Alceo Galliera, composer
In 1911, John Rhea "Yank" Lawson, trumpeter
In 1913, Earl Blackwell, Atlanta Ga, author (Celebrity Register)
In 1913, William M Inge, US playwright (Picnic-Pulitzer 1953)
In 1915, Evencio Castellanos, composer
In 1916, Henry Barbosa Gonzalez, San Antonio Tx, (Rep-D-Tx, 1961- )
In 1916, Pierre Emmanuel, French poet (Sodome)
In 1917, James Penberthy, composer
In 1919, Betty Comden, Bkln, song writer (Comden & Green-Bells are Ringing)
In 1919, Pete Seeger, NYC, folk singer (Weaver, Goodnight Irene)
In 1920, Sugar Ray Robinson, [Walter Smith], middle/welterweight boxer (champ)
In 1921, Vasco dos Santos Gon‡alves, Portuguese leftist colonel
In 1922, Marina Svetlova, ballerina/choreographer (Ballet Russe de Monte Carlo)
In 1923, Ralph M Hall, (Rep-D-TX, 1981- )
In 1924, Mary Carver, LA Calif, actress (Cecilia-Simon & Simon)
In 1925, Nina Bara, Buenos Aires Arg, actress (Tonga-Space Patrol)
In 1928, James Brown, Augusta Ga, singer/jail bird, soul brother #1 (Hot Pants)
In 1928, Jeanne Bal, Santa Monica Calif, actress (Pat-Love & Marriage)
In 1929, Hendrik L van Beek, Dutch vice-admiral
In 1929, Jaharna Imam, Bangladeshi writer/political activist
In 1930, David Evatt Tunley, composer
In 1931, Joseph Lichtman Layton, dancer
In 1933, Collie Smith, cricketer (exciting WI all-rounder all too briefly)
In 1934, Georg Kroll, composer
In 1935, Donald P Hodel, Portland Ore, US Secretary of Interior (1985-89)
In 1936, Engelbert Humperdinck, [Arnolde Dorsey], India, singer (EH Show)
In 1937, Frankie Valli, [Castelluccio], Newark NJ, singer (Four Seasons-Sherry)
In 1939, Jonathan David Harvey, English composer (Bhakti, Music of Stockhausen)
In 1939, Jos‚ Torres, US, boxer (Olympics)
In 1939, Samantha Eggar, London England, actress (Collector)
In 1941, Nona Gaprindasvili, USSR, world women's chess champ (1962-78)
In 1942, Lynn Farleigh, Bristol England, actress (Lovers of Their Time)
In 1942, Vera C…slavsk…-Odlozilova, Czech, gymnast (Olympic-gold-1964, 68)
In 1943, John Costello, historian
In 1944, Ian Peter Leslie Smith, journalist
In 1944, Peter Staples, rocker (Troggs-Wild Thing)
In 1945, Sadiq Mohammad, cricketer (attacking Pakistan opening batsman 1969-81)
In 1946, Greg Gumbel, sportscaster (CBS TV, WFAN)
In 1947, Doug Henning, Ft Garry Manitoba, magician (Broadway play-Magic)
In 1949, Albert Sacco Jr, Boston Mass, PhD/astronaut (STS 73)
In 1949, Ron Wyden, (Rep-D-OR, 1981- )
In 1950, Mary Hopkin, South Wales, singer (Those Were the Days)
In 1951, Christopher Cross, [Geppert], Texas, singer (Sailing, Arthur's Theme)
In 1952, Allen Wells, England, 100m dash (Olympic-gold-1980)
In 1953, Bruce Hall, Champaign Ill, rock bassist (Reo Speedwagon)
In 1953, Van McLain, rocker (Shooting Star)
In 1955, David Hookes, cricketer (dashing Australian LHB, S Aussie stalwart)
In 1955, Steve Jones, English pop guitarist (Sex Pistols-Mercy)
In 1957, Cactus Moser, Montrose Co, country singer (Highway 101-Cry Cry Cry)
In 1957, Rod Langway, Formosa, NHL defenseman (Mont Canadiens, Wash Caps)
In 1959, Ben Elton, London UK, actor (Stark, Friday Night Live)
In 1959, David Ball, Blackpool, rock keyboardist (Soft Cell)
In 1962, Anthony Gilligan, Penrith NSW, Australasia golfer
In 1963, Jeff Hornacek, NBA guard (Utah Jazz)
In 1964, Ron Hextall, Winnipeg, NHL goalie (Phila Flyers, NY Islanders)
In 1966, Paul Stevenson, Victoria Australia, badminton player (Olympics-96)
In 1968, Deborah Caprioglio, Miestre Italy, actress (Big Game Hunter)
In 1968, Jay Darlington, London England, keyboardist (Kula Shaker)
In 1969, Karen Kraft, San Mateo Calif, rower (Olympics-silver-96)
In 1970, Alexia Dechaume-Ballert, La Rochelle France, tennis star (1992 Aust)
In 1970, Ted Crowley, Concord Mass, US hockey defenseman (Olympics-1994)
In 1971, James Roberson, defensive end (Tennessee Oilers)
In 1971, Keanna, [Amy], Hawaii, XXX actress (Twin Freaks, Wet & Wicked)
In 1972, Brett Hayman, Australian rower (Olympics-96)
In 1972, Celeste, MN, XXX actress (Taxi Girls, Notorious, Reds, Warm Pink)
In 1972, Josh Taves, defensive end (New England Patriots)
In 1972, Vyacheslav Kozlov, Voskresensk Russia, NHL forward (Detroit Red Wings)
In 1973, Dominique Monami, Verviers Belgium, tennis star
In 1973, Michel Traveller, soccer player (Ajax)

Sorry to see these people go:
In 1010, Ansfried, 9th bishop of Utrecht (995-1010)/saint, dies at about 69
In 1294, Jan I, duke of Brabant/Limburg/poet, dies
In 1410, Alexander V, [Petros Philargi], Kreta's Pope (1409-10), dies
In 1442, Engelbert I, Earl of Nassau-Dillenburg, dies
In 1481, Mohammed II, [Fƒtih], sultan of Turkey (1451-81), dies
In 1567, Leonhard Paminger, composer, dies at 72
In 1614, Sasbout Vosmeer, RC theologist/apostole vicar, dies at 66
In 1654, Fran‡ois van Kinschot, treasurer-gen/chancellor of Brabant, dies at 77
In 1703, Eglon van de Down, still-life painter, dies
In 1704, Heinrich Ignaz Franz von Biber, Austrian violist/composer, dies at 59
In 1707, Michiel de Swaen, South Netherlands physician/poet, dies at 53
In 1737, Abraham Patras, gov-gen of East-Indies (1735-37), dies at 65
In 1758, Benedict XIV, [Prospero L Lambertini], Pope (1740-58), dies at 83
In 1764, Francesco Algarotti, Italian earl/encyclopedist, dies at 53
In 1774, Heinrich A Fouqu‚, Prussian general (7 year war), dies at 76
In 1783, Pieter Valck(x), South Netherlands sculptor, dies at 49
In 1792, Carlo Zuccari, composer, dies at 87
In 1839, Ferdinando Paer, composer, dies at 67
In 1841, Cornelis T Elout, Dutch minister of Finance/Navy/Colonies, dies at 74
In 1854, William Beale, composer, dies at 70
In 1856, Adolfo Fumagalli, composer, dies at 27
In 1856, Adolphe Charles Adam, French composer/critic (Giselle), dies at 52
In 1861, Anthony Philip Heinrich, composer, dies at 80
In 1863, Elisha Franklin "Bull" Paxton, US Confederate brig-gen, dies at 35
In 1868, Olof Wilhelm Udden, composer, dies at 68
In 1881, Josip Jurcic, Slovic writer (Schone Vida), dies
In 1893, Josef Rudolf Zavrtal, composer, dies at 73
In 1902, David R Capriles, Cura‡aos director of psychiatric, dies at 64
In 1910, Artie Shaw, bandleader
In 1916, P draic Pearse, Irishg nationalist, executed by British firing squad
In 1917, Norman Callaway, NSW bat, cricketer (207 in only FC innings), dies
In 1925, Cl‚ment Ader, French engineer (steam engine airplane), dies at 84
In 1926, Napoleon V Bonaparte, French pretender to the throne, dies at 63
In 1931, Frank Hoyt Losey, composer, dies at 59
In 1931, Otto Winter-Hjelm, composer, dies at 93
In 1932, Anton Wildgans, Austr writer (Dies Irae)/dir Burgtheater, dies at 51
In 1939, [Karl Eduard] Wilhelm Groener, German general, dies at 71
In 1942, Johan H Westerveld, lt-col/leader Order Service, executed
In 1943, Leslie Heward, composer, dies at 45
In 1945, Louis L H de Visser, Dutch MP (CPN), dies at 66
In 1955, Philips C Visser, explorer/ambassador to Moscow, dies
In 1958, Frank Foster, cricketer (England all-rounder, 11 Tests 1911-12), dies
In 1961, Maurice [Jean Jacques] Merleau-Ponty, French philosopher, dies at 53
In 1964, Diana Wynyard, dies at 58
In 1965, Howard Spring, British author (Heaven Lies About Us), dies at 76
In 1965, Otto Forst de Battaglia, Austrian diplomat/genealogist, dies at 75
In 1966, Wylie Watson, dies at 77
In 1968, Leonid Leonidovich Sabaneyev, composer, dies at 86
In 1969, Imre Vincze, composer, dies at 42
In 1970, Candelario Huizar, composer, dies at 82
In 1972, Bruce Cabot, actor (Diamonds are Forever), dies at 68
In 1972, Dan Blocker, actor (Hoss-Bonanza), dies at 43
In 1972, Les Harvey, rocker, dies
In 1975, Samuel Gonard, chairman (International Red Cross), dies at 78
In 1976, David Bruce, dies at 62
In 1976, Ernie Nevers, college fullback (Stanford), dies at 72
In 1978, Wim van Doorne, Dutch auto manufacturer (DAF), dies at 71
In 1979, Erin O'Brien-Moore, actress (Nurse Choate-Peyton Place), dies at 76
In 1982, Helmut Dantine, actor (Shadow of the Cloak), dies at 64
In 1982, Hugh Beaumont, actor (Ward-Leave it to Beaver), dies at 73
In 1983, Vaughn Taylor, act (Jailhouse Rock), dies of cerebal hemmorrhage at 72
In 1986, Robert Alda, actor (Dan Lewis-Supertrain), dies at 72
In 1987, Dicky Fuller, cricketer (one Test for WI 1935, one run, 0-12), dies
In 1987, Yolande Christina Dalida, dies at 54
In 1989, Christine Jorgensen, 1st transsexual, dies at 62
In 1989, Muriel Ostriche, dies
In 1990, Pimen, [Sergei Irzyekov], patriarch of Rus-orthodox church, dies at 79
In 1991, Gerrit Mik, child psychiatrist/Dutch MP (D66), dies
In 1991, Jersy Kosinski, author (Being There), dies at 57
In 1991, Margaret Tallichet, actress (Stranger on the 3rd Floor), dies
In 1992, Elizabeth Lennox, radio singer, dies of heart seizure at 98
In 1992, George Murphy, (Sen-R-Ca, 1965-71)/actor, dies of Leukemia at 89
In 1992, Peter Bruni, dies of heart failure at 60
In 1994, Gustaaf AWC baron van Hemert Dingshof, mayor of Maarn, dies at 78
In 1994, Haty Tegelaar-Boonacker, Dutch MP (CDA), dies at 63
In 1994, Milford Dolliole, pioneer jazz drummer, dies at 90
In 1994, Richard Scarry, author/illustrator of children's books, dies at 74
In 1995, Michael Horden, actor (Fool, Green Man, Scoop), dies at 83
In 1996, Jack Weston, actor (Ishtar, Rad, Cuba), dies of lymphoma at 71
In 1996, Timothy Gullikson, tennis player/coach, dies at 45

In 1294, John II becomes duke of Brabant/Limburg
In 1342, Count Hartmann II becomes ruler of Vaduz (Liechtenstein)
In 1382, Battle on Beverhoutsfield near Brugge
In 1455, Jews flee Spain
In 1494, Columbus discovers Jamaica
In 1494, Jamaica discovered by Columbus; he names it "St Iago"
In 1512, 5th Lateran Council (18th ecumenical council) opens in Rome
In 1512, Pope Julius II opens 5th Council of Lateranen
In 1515, Persian Gulf: Portugese fleet occupies Ormuz
In 1616, Treaty of Loudun kills French civil war
In 1621, Francis Bacon accused of bribery
In 1624, Spanish silver fleet sails to Panama
In 1629, French huguenot leader duke De Rohan signs accord with Spain
In 1640, English Upper house accept Act of Attainder
In 1654, Bridge at Rowley Mass begins charging tolls for animals
In 1660, Sweden, Poland, Brandenburg & Austria sign Peace of Oliva
In 1661, Johannes Hevelius observes 3rd transit of Mercury ever to be seen
In 1662, Royal charter granted Connecticut
In 1678, French conquering fleet at Cura‡ao, 1200 die
In 1715, Edmund Halley observes total eclipse phenomenon "Baily's Beads"
In 1722, Pierre de Marivaux' "La Double Inconstance," premieres in Paris
In 1747, Willem IV appointed viceroy of Holland/Utrecht
In 1765, 1st US medical college opens in Philadelphia
In 1802, Washington DC incorporates as a city
In 1808, Goya's "Executions of 3rd of May"
In 1810, Lord Byron swims Hellespont
In 1815, Battle at Tolentino: Austria beats king Joachim of Naples
In 1822, Society for Propagation of Faith starts (Lyon, France)
In 1830, 1st regular steam train passenger service starts
In 1845, 1st black lawyer (Macon B Allen) admitted to bar (Mass)
In 1845, Fire kills 1,600 in popular theater in Canton China
In 1846, Mexican army surrounds fort in Texas
In 1851, Most of SF destroyed by fire; 30 die
In 1855, Antwerp-Rotterdam railway opens
In 1861, Gen Winfield Scott presents his Anaconda Plan
In 1861, Lincoln asks for 42,000 Army Volunteers & another 18,000 seamen
In 1863, Battle of Chancellorsville-Beaten Union army withdraws
In 1863, Battle of Fredricksburg, VA (Marye's Heights)
In 1863, Battle of Salem Church, VA
In 1864, 3rd day in Battle at Alexandria Louisiana: Confederate assault
In 1886, M A Maclean elected 1st mayor of Vancouver, BC
In 1888, A Charlois discovers asteroid #277 Elvira
In 1898, Camp Merriman forms at Presidio (SF) (see 0517)
In 1900, 26th Kentucky Derby: Jimmy Boland aboard Lieut Gibson wins in 2:06¬
In 1901, Fire destroyed 1,700 buildings in Jacksonville, Florida
In 1902, 28th Kentucky Derby: Jimmy Winkfield on Alan-a-Dale wins in 2:08.75
In 1903, AVC Heracles (SC Heracles '74) soccer team forms in Almelo
In 1906, British-controlled Egypt takes Sinai peninsula from Turkey
In 1909, 35th Kentucky Derby: Vincent Powers on Wintergreen wins in 2:08.2
In 1917, 1st performance of Ernest Bloch's symphony "Israel"
In 1919, Afghanistan Emir Amanoellah begins war against Great Britain
In 1919, America's 1st passenger flight (NY-Atlantic City)
In 1921, West Virginia imposes 1st state sales tax
In 1922, Mayor Hylan closes streets for building of Yankee Stadium
In 1922, Salt layer find at Winterswijk
In 1923, 1st nonstop transcontinental flight (NY-San Diego) completed
In 1926, British general strike-3 million workers support miners
In 1926, Pulitzer prize awarded to Sinclair Lewis (Arrowsmith)
In 1926, US marines land in Nicaragua (9-mo after leaving), stay until 1933
In 1929, Prussia bans anti-fascists
In 1932, 24 tourists begin 1st air-charter holiday (London-Basle, Switz)
In 1933, 1st female director (Nellie T Ross) of US Mint takes office
In 1934, Bradman scores 206 Aust v Worcestershire, 210 mins, 27 fours
In 1935, C Jackson discovers asteroids #1356 Nyanza & #1638 Ruanda
In 1936, French People's Front wins elections
In 1936, NY Yankee Joe DiMaggio makes his major-league debut, gets 3 hits
In 1937, Margaret Mitchell wins Pulitzer Prize for "Gone With the Wind"
In 1938, Concentration camp at Flossenbrg goes into use
In 1938, Lefty Grove defeats Tigers 4-3 for 1st of record 20 consecutive wins
In 1938, Vatican recognizes Franco-Spain
In 1938, at his home field Fenway Park; he doesn't lose there until May 12 1941
In 1941, -4] German air raid on Liverpool
In 1941, 67th Kentucky Derby: Eddie Arcaro aboard Whirlaway wins in 2:01.4
In 1942, Japanese troop attack Tulagi, Gavutu & Tanambogo, Solomon Islands
In 1942, Luftwaffe bombs Exeter
In 1942, Nazi's execute 72 OD'ers in reprisial in Sachsenhausen, Netherlands
In 1942, Nazi's require Dutch Jews to wear a Jewish star
In 1943, Pulitzer prize awarded to Upton Sinclair (Dragon's Teeth)
In 1943, Strike against obligatory labor camps ends, after 200 killed
In 1943, US 1st armour division occupies Mateur Tunisia
In 1944, "Meet Me in St Louis" opens on Broadway
In 1944, Meat rationing ends in US
In 1945, 1st Polish armour brigade occupies Wilhelmshafen
In 1945, Allies arrests German nuclear physics Werner Heisenberg
In 1945, British troop join in Rangoon
In 1945, German ship "Cap Arcona" sinks in East Sea, 5,800 killed
In 1946, International military tribunal in Tokyo begins
In 1947, 73rd Kentucky Derby: Eric Guerin aboard Jet Pilot wins in 2:06.8
In 1947, Japan forms a constitutional democracy
In 1948, Pulitzer prize awarded to James Michener & Tennessee Williams
In 1949, 1st firing of a US Viking rocket; reached 80 km
In 1951, Gil McDougald ties major league record with 6 RBIs in 1 inning
In 1951, Goethe Link Observatory discovers asteroid #1952 Hesburgh
In 1951, NY Yankee Gil McDougald is 5th to get 6 RBIs in an inning (9th)
In 1952, "Call Me Madam" closes at Imperial Theater NYC after 644 performances
In 1952, 1st landing by an airplane at geographic North Pole
In 1952, 78th Kentucky Derby: Eddie Arcaro aboard Hill Gail wins in 2:01.6
In 1953, WTVO TV channel 17 in Rockford, IL (NBC) begins broadcasting
In 1953, Westchester conf of Amer Library Assoc proclaims "Freedom to Read"
In 1954, KTEN TV channel 10 in Ada-Ardmore, OK (ABC) begins broadcasting
In 1954, Pulitzer prize awarded to Charles A Lindbergh & John Patrick
In 1954, WHA TV channel 21 in Madison, WI (PBS) begins broadcasting
In 1956, "Most Happy Fella" opens at Imperial Theater NYC for 678 performances
In 1956, A new range of mountains discovered in Antarctica (2 over 13,000')
In 1956, Frank Loesser's musical "Most Happy Fella," premieres in NYC
In 1958, 84th Kentucky Derby: Ismael Valenzuela aboard Tim Tam wins in 2:05
In 1958, WINS suspends Alan Freed for causing a riot in Boston, he quits
In 1959, Betsy Rawls wins LPGA Land of the Sky Golf Tournament
In 1959, Tiger's Charlie Maxwell hits 4 consecutive HRs in a doubleheader
In 1960, Harvey Schmidt/Tom Jones' musical "Fantasticks," premieres in NYC
In 1961, Warren Spahn pitches a 2 hitter after pitching a no hitter
In 1962, & a freight, killing 163, injuring 400 (Tokyo, Japan)
In 1962, Express train crashed into wreckage of a commuter train
In 1963, Leslie Narum is only Balt Oriole to homer on his 1st at bat
In 1963, Martin Luther King Jr delivers his "I have a dream" speech
In 1964, Mickey Wright wins LPGA Clifford Ann Creed Golf Invitational
In 1965, 1st use of satellite TV, Today Show on Early Bird Satellite
In 1965, 3rd Mayor's Trophy Game, Mets beat Yanks 2-1 in 10
In 1965, Cambodia drops diplomatic relations with the US
In 1965, Don Steele, begins a 40+ year radio career at KRTH (LA Calif)
In 1965, KTCI TV channel 17 in St. Paul-Minneapolis, MN (PBS) 1st broadcast
In 1965, Pulitzer prize awarded to Irwin Unger (Greenback Era)
In 1966, WDHO (now WNWO) TV channel 24 in Toledo, OH (ABC) begins broadcasting
In 1967, Black students seize finance building at Northwestern U
In 1968, Holland Pirate Radio Station VRON becomes Radio Veronica Intl
In 1969, "Trumpets of the Lord" closes at Brooks Atkinson NYC after 7 perfs
In 1969, 95th Kentucky Derby: Bill Hartack on Majestic Prince wins in 2:01.8
In 1970, 24th NBA Championship: NY Knicks beat LA Lakers, 4 games to 3
In 1970, Sandra Haynie wins LPGA Shreveport Kiwanis Golf Invitational
In 1971, All Things Considered premieres on 112 National Public Radio stations
In 1971, Erich Honecker succeeds Walter Ulbricht as East German party leader
In 1971, National Public Radio begins programming
In 1971, Nixon administration arrests 13,000 anti-war protesters in 3 days
In 1971, Pulitzer prize awarded to John Toland (Rising Sun)
In 1973, Chicago's Sears Tower, world's tallest building (443 m), topped out
In 1973, KC Royals' George Brett gets his 1st major league hit
In 1975, 101st Kentucky Derby: Jacinto Vasquez on Foolish Pleasure wins 2:02
In 1975, Christa Vahlensieck runs female world record marathon (2:40:15.8)
In 1976, Panama 747SP lands after record flight around world (46:26)
In 1976, Pulitzer prize awarded to Saul Bellow (Humboldt's Gift)
In 1978, "Sun Day" - solar energy events are held in US
In 1978, Anderlecht wins 18th Europe Cup II
In 1978, Last cricket test match appearance for Bobby Simpson, at Kingston
In 1978, WI all set to lose cricket test v Aust at Kingston till riots end game
In 1979, 1st woman prime minister of Great Britain (Margaret Thatcher)
In 1979, Bobby Bonds hits his 300th HR (2nd to have 300 HRs & 300 stolen bases)
In 1979, Martin Sherman's "Bent," premieres in London
In 1980, 106th Kentucky Derby: Jacinto Vasquez on Genuine Risk wins in 2:02
In 1980, Giants 1st baseman Willie McCovey hits his 521st & final HR
In 1980, Texas Ranger Ferguson Jenkins becomes 4th to win 100 games in AL & NL
In 1981, E Bowell discovers asteroid #2411 Zellner, #2685 Masursky,
In 1981, "Can-Can" closes at Minskoff Theater NYC after 5 performances
In 1981, "Moony, Shapiro Songbook" opens & closes at Morosco Theater NYC
In 1981, #2844 Hess, #2920 Automedon, #3208 Lunn, #3748, #3869 Norton,
In 1981, #4396 Gressmann & #4732 Froeschle
In 1981, Sally Little wins LPGA CPC Women's Golf International
In 1982, ABC's All Talk network begins on radio (2 west coast stations)
In 1982, NY Times reports that military will get 25% of NASA's budget
In 1982, Pres Reagan begins 5 minute weekly radio broadcasts
In 1983, Bruins 3-Isles 8-Wales Conf Championship-Isles hold 3-1 lead
In 1983, Soviet leader Andropov decreases nuclear weapons in Europe
In 1983, US bishops condemn nuclear weapons
In 1984, B A Skiff discovers asteroid #3325 & #4201 Orosz
In 1984, L Zhuravleva discovers asteroid #3616
In 1985, Date of $5 million check in "View to a Kill"
In 1986, 112th Kentucky Derby: Bill Shoemaker aboard Ferdinand wins in 2:02.8
In 1986, Air Lanka crashes, killing 22
In 1986, Cubs 3rd baseman Ron Cey hits his 300th & 301st HR
In 1986, NASA launches Goes-G, it failed to achieve orbit
In 1986, NY Yankee Don Mattingly is 6th to hit 3 sacrifice flies in a game
In 1987, "Mikado" closes at Virginia Theater NYC after 46 performances
In 1987, Cindy Hill wins LPGA S&H Golf Classic
In 1987, Miami Herald reports a woman spent Friday & Saturday with Gary Hart
In 1988, 4,200 kg Colombian cocaine in seized at Tarpon Springs Florida
In 1988, Jasper Johns' "Diver" sold for $4,200,000
In 1991, 356th & final episode of CBS 2nd longest running series Dallas, 2nd
In 1991, Andy Williams weds Debbie Hass
In 1991, K Kawanishi & M Sugano discover asteroid #6559
In 1991, only to Gunsmoke
In 1992, Balt's Gregg Olson, 25, is youngest to record 100 saves
In 1992, Beverly Hills 90210 Gabrielle Carteris marries Charles Isaacs
In 1992, Danielle Ammaccapane wins LPGA Centel Golf Classic
In 1992, H Debehogne discovers asteroid #8289
In 1992, NY Met Eddie Murray is 24th to hit 400 HRS
In 1992, Ohio Glory wins 1st WLAF game (after 6 loses), beat Frankfurt 20-17
In 1992, Sandra Palmer wins LPGA Centel Senior Golf Challenge
In 1993, "Kiss of the Spider Woman" opens at Broadhurst NYC for 906 perfs
In 1994, 29th Academy of Country Music Awards: Garth Brooks wins
In 1994, D66/Dutch Liberal Party win Dutch 2nd Parliamentary election
In 1994, US space probe Clementine launched
In 1995, "My Thing of Love" opens at Beck Theater NYC for 16 performances
In 1995, A Vagnozzi discovers asteroid #8112
In 1995, Australia beat West Indies to regain the Frank Worrell Cricket Trophy
In 1995, David Bell debuts for the Indians (3rd generation player, Gus & Buddy)
In 1996, Martin Moxon & Michael Vaughan make 362 1st wkt Yorks v Glam
In 1997, 123rd Kentucky Derby: Gary Stevens aboard Silver Charm wins in 2:02.3
In 1997, ABC Bud Light Masters Bowling Tournament won by Jason Queen
In 1997, Garry Kasparov begins chess match with IBM supercomputer Deep Blue
In 1998, wins Titleholders Golf Championship

[Japan-1947, Poland-1794] Constitution Day
[Lesotho] King's Birthday
[New Orleans] McDonogh Day (1850)
[Northern Ireland] Bank Holiday
[Poland] Constitution Day (1794)
[Zambia] Labour Day

In 2006, [Jewish] Yom Haatzmaut (Iyyar 5, 5766)
In 2018, [Jewish] Lag B'Omer-Love for Holy Land Day (Iyyar 18, 5778)
In 2029, [Jewish] Lag B'Omer-Love for Holy Land Day (Iyyar 18, 5789)
In 2037, [Jewish] Lag B'Omer-Love for Holy Land Day (Iyyar 18, 5797)
In 2046, [Jewish] Yom Hashoah-Holocaust Memorial Day (Nis 27, 5806)
In 2055, [Jewish] Yom Haatzmaut (Iyyar 5, 5815)
[Christian-Bruges Belgium] Holy Blood Procession
[Christian-Poland] Feast of Our Lady of Czestochowa
[Christian] May Fellowship Day (Church Woman United)
[RC] Ansfried, bishop of Utrecht (995-1010)
[RC] Commemoration of Finding of Cross
[RC] Commemoration of Pope Alexander I, Eventius & Theodulus, martyrs
[RC] Commemoration of St Juvenal, bishop/confessor
[RC] Feast of SS Philip & James, apostles

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 192 of 402: spring today (sprin5) * Wed, May  3, 2000 (18:40) * 1 lines 
A pretty low key day in history from a quick glance at this list.

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 193 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Wed, May  3, 2000 (19:38) * 1 lines 
They were tired from all the activity yesterday and the day before, I guess - or bracing for tomorrow? Stay tuned !

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 194 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Thu, May  4, 2000 (13:33) * 412 lines 
On May 04 - 124th day of year with 241 days left (Numerology = 9)

Happy Birthday to:
In 1006, Abd-Allah Ansari, Persian mystic/poet (Monadjat)
In 1611, Carlo Rainaldi, composer
In 1622, Juan de Vald‚s Leal, Spanish painter/sculptor
In 1631, Mary I Henriette Stuart, daughter of Charles I/queen of England
In 1635, Willem van Outhoorn, Dutch governor-general (Dutch East Indies)
In 1655, Bartolomeo di Francesco Cristofori, Italy, piano builder
In 1738, Josef Kohaut, composer
In 1744, Marianne von Martinez, composer
In 1763, Franz Stanislaus Spindler, composer
In 1769, Charles Hague, composer
In 1776, Johann Friedrich Herbart, Germany, philosopher/psychologist
In 1777, Charles-Louis-Joseph Hanssens, composer
In 1796, Horace Mann, US, educator/author/editor (pioneered public schools)
In 1796, Joseph Pannell Taylor, Brig General (Union Army), died in 1864
In 1820, Joseph Whitaker, England, publisher, founded Whitaker's Almanack
In 1820, Julia Gardiner Tyler, 2nd wife of Pres John Tyler (1841-45)
In 1825, Thomas Henry Huxley, scientist/humanist/Darwinist
In 1826, Frederick Church, US romantic landscape painter (Hudson River Sch)
In 1835, Edmund Hart Turpin, composer
In 1846, Emile Gall‚, French glass/marble/ceramic artist (Gall‚ Glaze)
In 1860, Emil Nikolaus Von Reznicek, Vienna Austria, composer (Donna Diana)
In 1867, Dynam-Victor Fumet, composer
In 1871, Mynona, writer
In 1875, Ramiro de Maeztu y Whitney, Spanish writer (Don Quixote & Celestine)
In 1875, Reggie Schwartz, cricketer (1st of great South African googlists)
In 1877, Arthur Lang, US, boxer/businessman (Died Aug 8, 1992 at 115)
In 1881, Aleksandr F Kerenski, Russian premier (1917-Prelude to Bolshevism)
In 1882, Wilhelm Lehmann, writer
In 1889, Francis J Spellman, US Cardinal
In 1891, Frederick Jacobi, composer
In 1891, Johan W F Werumeus Buning, Dutch poet (Daily Bread)
In 1893, Edgar Dearing, Ceres CA, actor (Abraham Lincoln, Free & Easy)
In 1893, Royal Butler, [Edwin Richey], Atlanta GA, actor
In 19--, Michael Zderko, actor (Adam-As the World Turns)
In 19--, Rocco, [Siffredi], XXX actor (Seymore Butts meets Comeback Brat)
In 1902, Cola [Nicolas] Debrot, Bonaire governor (Neth Antilles)/author
In 1902, Cvjetko Rihtman, composer
In 1902, Rodney Meredith Thomas, architect/painter
In 1903, Luther Adler, NYC, actor (Dr Bernard Altman-Psychiatrist)
In 1905, M ty s Seiber, Budapest Hungary, composer (Scherzando)
In 1906, Esmond Knight, East Sheen England, actor (Hamlet, Sleeping Murder)
In 1909, Howard Da Silva, [Silverblatt], Cleve Oh, actor (Ben Franklin-1776)
In 1909, Jeroom Verten [Jozef F Vermetten], Flemish playwright
In 1910, Mady Alfredo, [Maria M the Brieder], actress (Alicia)
In 1912, Lou Brown, Bkln, orch leader (Jerry Lewis Show)
In 1914, Abdel Karim Kassem, general/premier/dictator of Iraq (1958-63)
In 1914, Emmanuel RoblŠs, Algerian-Fren journalist/playwright (Lesson Hauteurs)
In 1915, Curt Conway, Boston MA, actor (Raw Deal)
In 1915, Pedro Saenz, composer
In 1916, Maurice "Moe" Purtill, jazz drummer
In 1917, Edward Toner Cone, composer
In 1918, Kakuei Tanaka, Japanese PM (1972-74), convicted of bribe-taking
In 1919, Dimiter Petkov, composer
In 1919, Mary Ann McCall, singer
In 1921, John van Kesteren, Dutch tenor (Komische Oper, West-Berlin)
In 1921, Patsy Garrett, Atlantic City NJ, actress (Nanny & the Professor)
In 1922, John Paul Hammerschmidt, (Rep-R-AR, 1967- )
In 1924, Peter Aldersley, actor/disc jockey
In 1924, Tat'yana Petrovna Nikolayeva, composer
In 1925, Peter Blum, German/South African/English poet (Capricorn)
In 1926, G Reinshagen, writer
In 1926, Milton "Milt" Thompson, US NASA-test pilot/chief-engineer (X-15)
In 1928, Betsy Rawls, Spartanburg SC, golfer (US Womens Open-51, 53, 57, 60)
In 1928, Hosni Mubarak, Egyptian president (1981- )
In 1928, Maynard Ferguson, Verdun Quebec, jazz trumpeter (Roulette)
In 1929, Audrey Hepburn, Brussels Belg, (Breakfast at Tiffany's, My Fair Lady)
In 1930, Roberta Peters, NYC, operatic soprano (NY Met)
In 1931, Ed Cassidy, drummer (Spirit-I Got A Line on You)
In 1931, Gennadi Rozhdestvensky, Moscow Russia, conductor (USSR State Radio)
In 1932, Fausto Razzi, composer
In 1934, Pete Barbutti, Scranton Pa, comedian (Garry Moore Show)
In 1936, El Cordob‚s, [Manuel Ben¡tez], Spanish toreador
In 1937, Hans Ulrich Lehmann, composer
In 1938, Tyrone Davis, US R&B singer (Are you serious)
In 1938, William J Bennett, US Secretary of Education (1985-88)
In 1939, Amos Oz, Jerusalem Israel, author (My Michael)
In 1940, Dick Curl, Chester Pa, offensive coordinator coach (Barcelona Dragons)
In 1941, George F Will, political analyst (Night Line)
In 1942, Ronnie Bond, drummer (Troggs-Wild Thing)
In 1943, Nickolas Ashford, SC, singer (Ashford & Simpson-Solid as a Rock)
In 1943, Stella Parton, sister of Dolly Parton/singer (A Woman's Touch)
In 1944, Dave, [Otto Levenbach], Dutch singer (Du cot‚ the Chez Swann)
In 1944, Paul Gleason, Jersey City NJ, actor (Breakfast CLub, Die Hard)
In 1944, Peggy Santiglia McGannon, NJ, rocker (Angels)
In 1945, George Wadenius, rocker (Blood, Sweat & Tears)
In 1945, Monika van Paemel, Belgian writer (Accursed Fathers)
In 1946, Renee Powell, LPGA golfer
In 1948, Billy O'Donnell, harness racer driver of year (1984)
In 1949, Gerrit J P van Otterloo, Dutch MP (PvdA)
In 1949, Sybil Danning, [Danninger], Weis Austria, actress (Chained Heat)
In 1949, Zal Cleminson, rocker (Alex Harvey Band)
In 1950, Darryl Hunt, English pop bassist (Pogues-Pair of Brown Eyes)
In 1950, Hilly Hicks, LA Calif, actor (Roll Out, Roots)
In 1950, Ren‚ CM van Asten, Dutch actor (Herenstraat 10)
In 1951, Gene Greenwood, (Rep-R-Pennsylvania)
In 1951, Jackie Jackson, [Sigmund], Gary In, rocker (Jackson 5-ABC)
In 1954, Julie Budd, Bkln, singer (Child of Plenty)
In 1956, Jackie Bertsch, LPGA golfer
In 1956, Michael L Gernhardt, Mansfield OH, astronaut (STS 69, 83, 94, sk 100)
In 1956, Ulrike Meyfarth, Frankfurt W Germany, high jumper (Olympic-gold-1972)
In 1957, Peter Sleep, cricketer (Australian leg-spin all-rounder 1979-90)
In 1957, Richard E Grant, Swaziland, actor (Posse, Bram Stoker's Dracula)
In 1958, Keith Haring, Kutztown Pa, graffiti artist (Vanity Fair, Paris Review)
In 1959, Randy Travis, Marshville NC, country singer (Diggin' Up Bones)
In 1959, Robert Raymond Tway, Oklahoma City OK, PGA golfer (1986 Shearson)
In 1959, Rohn Stark, NFL punter (Pitts Steelers)
In 1960, Martyn Moxon, cricketer (England batsman in ten Tests 1986-89)
In 1961, Eugene Daniel, NFL center (Indianapolis Colts, Baltimore Ravens)
In 1961, Jay Aston, rocker
In 1961, Mary Elizabeth McDonough, Van Nuys Cal, actress (Erin-Waltons)
In 1962, Tracy Vaccaro, Glendale Calif, playmate (October, 1983)
In 1964, Goran Prpic, Yugoslavia, tennis star
In 1965, Adri Bogers, Dutch soccer player (Willem II)
In 1966, Monica Tranel [Michini], Billings Mont, rower (Olympics-96)
In 1967, Derek MacCready, CFL defensive tackle (Edmonton Eskimos)
In 1967, John Child, East York Ontario, beach volleyballer (Olympics-bronze-96)
In 1967, Matthew Crane, Kimberton Pa, actor (Matt Cory-Another World)
In 1968, Andre Collins, NFL linebacker (Cin Bengals)
In 1968, Eddie Perez, Cuidad Ojeda Venezuela, catcher (Atlanta Braves)
In 1968, Kevin Todd, Winnipeg, NHL center (LA Kings)
In 1970, Dawn Staley, Phila, basketball guard (Olympics-gold-96)
In 1971, Derrick Clark, NFL/WLAF fullback (Broncos, Rhein Fire)
In 1971, Steve Glenn, CFL linebacker (BC Lions)
In 1972, Ethan Watts, Phila, volleyball middle blocker (Olympics-96)
In 1972, Gretchen Ulion, ice hockey forward (USA, Oly-98)
In 1972, Marc Lamb, WLAF T (London Monarchs)
In 1973, Edward Hervey, NFL wide receiver (Dallas Cowboys)
In 1973, Matthew Barnaby, Ottawa, NHL left wing (Buffalo Sabres)
In 1973, Melissa Boyd, Miss Ohio USA (1996)
In 1973, Michelle Martinez, Dallas Texas, Miss America (Texas-Top 10-1997)
In 1975, Pablo Ruiz, Buenos Aires Arg, spanish singer
In 1976, Heather Kozar, Akron OH, playmate (Jan, 1998)

Sorry to see these people go:
In 1594, Paul Buys, Grand Pensionary of Holland, dies at 62
In 1604, Claudio Merulo, composer, dies at 71
In 1605, Ulisse Aldrovandi, Italian biologist/medical, dies at 82
In 1752, Pieter Snyers, Flemish painter/engraver, dies at 71
In 1770, Christian Gottfried Krause, composer, dies at 51
In 1832, Jan van Speyck, Dutch admiral, buried in New Church
In 1855, Camille Pleyel, Austria piano builder/composer, dies at 66
In 1860, Emil Nikolaus von Reznicek, composer, dies
In 1879, William Froude, Brit civil eng/shipbuilder (F Integer), dies at 68
In 1885, Aleksandar I Karadjordjevic, monarch of Serbia (1842-58), dies at 78
In 1891, Sherlock Holmes, "dies" at Reichenbach Falls
In 1893, George Washington Hewitt, composer, dies at 82
In 1928, Barry E Odell Pain, English writer (Punch), dies at 63
In 1929, Henry Morton Dunham, composer, dies at 75
In 1935, Lodewijk Scharp‚, Flemish literature historian, dies at 65
In 1938, Carl von Ossietzky, German pacifist/writer (Nobel 1935), dies at 48
In 1953, Edward B B Shanks, British poet/critic, dies at 60
In 1953, Thomas Tertius Noble, composer, dies at 85
In 1955, Georges Enescu, Romanian/French violist/composer (Oedipe), dies at 73
In 1955, Louis Breguet, French aviation pioneer, dies at 75
In 1961, Anita Stewart, dies of heart attack at 66
In 1965, Norman Brokenshire, TV moderator (Four Square Court), dies at 66
In 1966, Juan Maria Thomas Sabater, composer, dies at 69
In 1967, Bengt Axel von Torne, composer, dies at 75
In 1969, F Osbert S Sitwell, English poet (Who Killed Cock Robin?), dies at 76
In 1970, 4 students, at Kent State University killed by Ohio National Guard
In 1971, Donald Dexter Van Slyke, US chemist (Cyanosis), dies at 88
In 1971, Joseph Csaky, Hungarian/French sculptor, dies at 83
In 1971, Louis de Bree, [Louis C Davids], Dutch actor (Bluejackets), dies at 87
In 1973, Jane Bowles, writer, dies at 56
In 1974, Israel Citkowitz, composer, dies at 65
In 1974, John Wengraf, actor (Pride & Passion, 12 to the Moon), dies at 77
In 1975, Moe Howard, [Moses Horowitz], comedian (3 Stooges), dies at 77
In 1980, Josip Broz Tito, leader of Yugoslavia (1943-80), dies at 87
In 1980, Kay Hammond, actress (Blithe SPirit, 5 Golden Hours), dies
In 1981, Bobby Sands, Irish IRA-terrorist, dies after hunger strike
In 1983, Nino Sanzogno, composer, dies at 72
In 1984, Diana Dors, actress (Berserk!), dies at 52 of cancer
In 1987, Cathryn Damon, actress (Mary Campbell-Soap), dies at 56
In 1987, Dick Hillenius, Dutch biologist/writer, dies at 59
In 1987, Paul Butterfield, singer/harmonica player, dies of drug abuse at 44
In 1990, Don Appell, dies
In 1991, Dennis Crosby, son of Bing, commits suicide at 54
In 1992, Henri Guillemin, French historian, dies at 89
In 1992, Ismael Galeano, "Commandant Franklyn" (Contra), dies
In 1992, Vitali Andreyevich Grishchenko, Russian cosmonaut, dies at 50
In 1994, Karl Francis Hettinger, onion Field survivor, dies at 59
In 1995, Lewis T Preston, banker, dies at 68
In 1995, Louis Krasner, violinist, dies at 91
In 1996, Jean Crepin, soldier/industrialist, dies at 87
In 1996, Stanley William Reed, cineaste, dies at 85
In 1997, Alvy Moore, actor/producer (Mr Kimball-Green Acres), dies at 75
In 1997, Vijayananda Dahanayake, PM of Sri Lanka (1959-60), dies

In 1303, Flemings conquers Middelburg
In 1471, Battle of Tewkesbury - King Edward IV vs Ex-queen Margaretha
In 1493, Spanish Pope Alexander VI divides America between Spain & Portugal
In 1494, Christopher Columbus lands in Jamaica
In 1540, Venice & Turkey sign Treaty of Constantinople
In 1572, Veere sides with Geuzen
In 1626, Indians sell Manhattan Island for $24 in cloth & buttons
In 1626, Peter Minuit becomes director-general of New Netherlands
In 1634, Johan van Walbeecks fleet departs to West-Indies
In 1652, Battle at Etampes: French army under Turenne beats Fronde rebels
In 1715, French manufacturer debuts 1st folding umbrella (Paris)
In 1728, Georg F H„ndels opera "Tolomeo, re di Egitto," premieres in London
In 1747, Willem IV appointed viceroy of Overijssel
In 1776, Rhode Island declares independence from England
In 1780, American Academy of Arts & Science founded
In 1780, Charles Bunbury on Diomed wins 1st Epsom Derby
In 1783, Herschel reports seeing a red glow near lunar crater Aristarchus
In 1805, Henry C Overing buys 80 acres of Throggs Neck in Bronx
In 1814, Bourbon reign restored in France
In 1818, Netherlands & England sign treaty against illegal slave handling
In 1834, Charles Darwin's expedition reaches 200 km from Atlantic Ocean
In 1839, The Cunard Steamship Company Ltd forms San Bonifacio
In 1843, Great-Britain annexes Natal
In 1846, US state Michigan ends death penalty
In 1847, NY State creates a Board of Commissioners of Emigration
In 1851, 1st major SF fire
In 1858, War of Reform (M‚xico); Liberals establish capital at Vera Cruz
In 1861, At Gretna LA, one of 1st guns of Rebel navy is cast
In 1862, -5] Battle at Williamsburg, Virginia
In 1862, Yorktown, VA - McClellan halted his troop before town as
In 1862, it is full of armed torpedoes left by CS Brig general Gabrial Rains
In 1863, Battle of Chancellorsville-action at Salem Church
In 1863, End of Chancellorsville - Beaten Union army withdraws
In 1864, -16] actions at Drewry's Bluff, Virginia
In 1864, Gen Grant's Army at Potomac attacks at Rappahannock
In 1864, Ulysses S Grant crosses Rapidan & begins his duel with Robert E Lee
In 1865, Battle of Citronville, AL; Richard Taylor surrenders
In 1865, Battle of Mobile, AL
In 1866, Woodward's Gardens opens to public
In 1871, (Ft Wayne 2, Cleveland 0) Deacon Jim White gets 1st hit, a double
In 1871, 1st baseball league game (National Association of Baseball Players),
In 1878, Phonograph shown for 1st time at Grand Opera House
In 1883, John Gordon Cashmans begins "Vicksburg Evening Post" (Miss)
In 1886, Haymarket riot in Chicago; bomb kills 7 policemen
In 1886, R Luther discovers asteroid #258 Tyche
In 1888, Italy & Spain sign military covenant
In 1893, Cowboy Bob Pickett invents bulldogging
In 1896, 1st edition of London Daily Mail (« penny)
In 1896, A Charlois discovers asteroid #416 Vaticana
In 1896, Grease fire ignites « ton of dynamite at Cripple Creek Colorado
In 1897, 23rd Kentucky Derby: Buttons Garner aboard Typhoon II wins in 2:12«
In 1897, Fire in Paris bazaar at Rue Jean Goujon kills 200
In 1898, 24th Kentucky Derby: Willie Simms aboard Plaudit wins in 2:09
In 1899, 25th Kentucky Derby: Fred Taral aboard Manuel wins in 2:12
In 1910, Canadian Currency Act, 1910, receives Royal Assent
In 1910, Canadian parliament accept creation of Royal Canadian Navy
In 1910, Tel Aviv founded
In 1912, Italian mariners occupy Turkish Island of Rhodes
In 1915, Italy drops Triple Alliance with Austria-Hungaryb & Germany
In 1916, At request of US, Germany curtails its submarine warfare
In 1917, Arabs sack Tel Aviv
In 1918, Yankees set record with 8 sacrifices, beat Red Sox's Babe Ruth 5-4
In 1919, 1st legal Sunday baseball game in NYC (Phillies beat Giants 4-3)
In 1919, FVC soccer team forms
In 1919, Giants play their 1st legal Sunday home game, 35,000 see Phils win 4-3
In 1922, KNX-AM in Los Angeles CA begins radio transmissions
In 1923, Bloody street battles between nazi's, socialist & police in Vienna
In 1923, NY state revokes Prohibition law
In 1924, 8th Olympic games open at Paris, France
In 1924, German Republic election fascists & communists win
In 1925, League of Nations conference on arms control & poison gas usage
In 1926, General strike hits Britain
In 1927, 1st balloon flight over 40,000 feet (Scott Field, Ill)
In 1927, Academy of Motion Picture Arts & Sciences forms
In 1927, Nicaragua agrees to a US supervised presidential election in 1928
In 1929, Lou Gehrig hits 3 consecutive HRs, Yankees 11, Tigers 9
In 1931, Mustafa Kemal Pasja becomes Turkish president
In 1932, Al Capone, convict of income tax evasion, enters Atlanta Penitentiary
In 1933, Pulitzer prize awarded to Archibald Macleish (Conquistador)
In 1935, 61st Kentucky Derby: Willie Saunders aboard Omaha wins in 2:05
In 1936, Pulitzer prize awarded to Harold L Davis (Honey in the Horn)
In 1938, Douglas Hyde (a protestant) becomes 1st president of Eire
In 1940, 21 "not neutral" nazis & communists arrested in Netherlands
In 1940, 66th Kentucky Derby: Carroll Bierman aboard Gallahadion wins in 2:05
In 1942, Battle of Coral Sea begun (1st sea battle fought solely in air)
In 1942, Food 1st rationed in US
In 1942, German occupiers imprison 450 prominent Dutch as hostages
In 1942, Pulitzer prize awarded to Ellen Glasgow (In this our Life)
In 1943, NL Ford Frick demonstrates revised balata ball to reporters by
In 1943, bouncing it on his office carpet ball proves to be 50% livelier
In 1945, German troops in Netherlands, Denmark & Norway surrender
In 1946, 5 die in a 2 day riot at Alcatraz prison in SF bay
In 1946, 72nd Kentucky Derby: Warren Mehrtens aboard Assault wins in 2:06.6
In 1946, Wash's Cecil Travis gets 6 straight hits before being stopped
In 1948, The Hague Court of Justice convicts Hans Rauter (SS) to the death
In 1949, Air crash at Turijn (whole Torino-soccer team survives)
In 1952, Babe Didrikson-Zaharias wins LPGA Fresno Golf Open
In 1953, Pulitzer prize awarded to E Hemingway (Old Man & The Sea)
In 1954, US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Bikini Island
In 1956, Queen Juliana unveils National Monument to Dams in Amsterdam
In 1956, US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Enwetak
In 1957, 83rd Kentucky Derby: Bill Hartack aboard Iron Liege wins in 2:02.2
In 1957, Alan Freed hosts "Rock n' Roll Show" 1st prime-time network rock show
In 1957, Anne Frank Foundation forms in Amsterdam
In 1958, Alberto Lleras Camargo chosen president of Colombia
In 1959, 1st Grammy Awards: Perry Como & Ella Fitzgerald win
In 1959, Pulitzer prize awarded to Archibald Macleish (JB)
In 1960, 1st great Delta dam closes, North-South Beveland
In 1961, 13 Freedom riders began bus trip through South
In 1961, 1st on-the-road Spacemobile lecture given.
In 1961, CORE begins freedom rides from Washington, DC
In 1961, Malcolm Ross & Victor Prather reach 34,668 m (record) in balloon
In 1961, South-Africa ANC-leader John Nkadimeng arrested
In 1962, US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Christmas Island
In 1963, 89th Kentucky Derby: Braulio Baeza aboard Chateaugay wins in 2:01.8
In 1963, Pitcher Bob Shaw sets record of 5 balks in a game
In 1964, "Another World" & "As the World Turns" premieres on TV
In 1964, 70 GATT-countries confer in Geneva
In 1964, KIII TV channel 3 in Corpus Christi, TX (ABC) begins broadcasting
In 1964, Pulitzer prize awarded to Richard Hofstadter (Anti-intellectualism)
In 1965, Willie Mays 512th HR breaks Mel Ott's 511th NL record
In 1966, Soviet govt signs accord about building Fiat factory in USSR
In 1967, Lunar Orbiter 4 launched by US; begins orbiting Moon May 7
In 1968, 1st ABA championship: Pitts Pipers beat NO Buccaneers, 4 games to 3
In 1968, 94th Kentucky Derby: Ismael Valenzuela aboard Forward Pass wins
In 1968, Dancer Image DQ due to drugs after winning 94th Kent Derby in 2:02«
In 1969, Charles Gordone's "No Place to be Somebody," premieres in NYC
In 1969, Sandra Haynie wins LPGA Shreveport Kiwanis Club Golf Invitational
In 1969, Stanley Cup: Montreal Canadiens sweep St Louis Blues in 4 games
In 1970, National Guard kills 4 at Kent State in Ohio
In 1970, Premier Kosygin affirms existence Russian military advisors in Egypt
In 1970, Pulitzer prize awarded to Erik H Erikson (Gandhi's Truth)
In 1972, Vietcong forms revolutionary govt in Quang Tri South Vietnam
In 1973, 1st TV network female nudity-Steambath (PBS)-Valerie Perrine
In 1973, BPAA US Women's Bowling Open won by Millie Martorella
In 1973, Longest game in Veterans' Stadium, Phillies beat Braves 5-4 in 20
In 1973, Patriarch Shenuda II of Kopitisch church visits the pope
In 1973, Phillies beat Braves 5-4 in 20 innings
In 1973, Wings release "Red Rose Speedway" in UK
In 1974, 100th Kentucky Derby: Angel Cordero Jr. aboard Cannonade wins in 2:04
In 1975, Ed Bullins' "Taking of Miss Jane," premieres in NYC
In 1975, Flyers 1-Isles 0-Semis-Flyers hold 3-0 lead-Isles held to 14 shots
In 1975, Houston's Bob Watson scores baseball's one-millionth run of all time
In 1975, Maria Astrologes wins LPGA Birmingham Golf Classic
In 1976, "1600 Pennsylvania Avenue" opens at Mark Hellinger NYC for 7 perfs
In 1976, Kiss performs their 1st concert
In 1978, Russian president Brezhnev visits West-Germany
In 1979, Jackie Mercer wins her 4th golf title 31 years after her 1st
In 1979, Margaret Thatcher elected prime minister of England
In 1979, NASA launches Fltsatcom-2
In 1980, Dodgers bat out of order against Phillies in 1st inning
In 1980, Hollis Stacy wins LPGA CPC Women's Internationalional Golf Tournament
In 1980, White Sox 1st baseman Mike Squires catches final inning of 11-1 loss
In 1980, to Brewers, becoming 1st lefty to catch since Dale Long in 1958
In 1981, Rockline premieres on KLOS FM in Los Angeles
In 1981, Silvana Cruciata runs 15k female world record (49:44.0)
In 1981, T Furuta discovers asteroid #2478 Tokai & #3814 Hoshi-no-mura
In 1981, Yankee Ron Davis strikes out 8 consecutive Angels, ran record of 13
In 1981, strikeouts of last 14 faced, also saved Gene Nelsons 1st win, 4-2
In 1982, British torpedo boat Sheffield off Falkland hit by Exocet rocket
In 1982, Nordiques 2-Isles 4-Semifinals-Isles win series 4-0
In 1982, Syndrome, removes himself, due to taunts from Red Sox bleacher fans
In 1982, Twins rookie outfielder Jim Eisenreich, who suffers from Tourette's
In 1983, China PR performs nuclear test at Lop Nor PRC
In 1984, Dave Kingman's fly ball never comes down (stuck in Metrodome ceiling)
In 1985, 111th Kentucky Derby: Angel Cordero Jr on Spend A Buck wins 2:00.2
In 1986, C S Shoemaker discovers asteroid #4340 Dence & #4666 Dietz
In 1986, E Bowell discovers asteroid #4058 Cecilgreen & #6952
In 1986, President Babrak Karmal resigns as party leader of Afghanistan
In 1988, USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
In 1989, Junior Felix of Toronto becomes 53rd to hit HR on 1st at bat
In 1989, US launches Magellan to Venus
In 1989, US space shuttle STS-30 launched
In 1990, Angela Bowie reveals that ex husband David slept with Mick Jagger
In 1990, Latvia's parliament votes 138-0 (1 abstention) for Independence
In 1990, Oriole Gregg Olson sets relief pitcher rec of 41 cons scoreless inns
In 1990, Pakistan beat Aust by 36 runs to win Austral-Asia Cup, Sharjah
In 1991, 117th Kentucky Derby: Chris Antley aboard Strike the Gold wins in 2:03
In 1991, ABC Masters Bowling Tournament won by Doug Kent
In 1991, Actress Sharon Gless & producer Barney Rosenzeig wed
In 1991, Indians' Chris James sets club record for most RBIs in a game (9)
In 1991, Morris K Udall, (Rep-D-Ariz), resigns due to Parkinson disease
In 1991, NY Mets M Sasser & Mark Carreon are 8th to hit consecutive pinch HRs
In 1991, Pres Bush is hospitalized for erratic heartbeat
In 1991, S Ueda & H Kaneda discover asteroid #5831
In 1991, Y Mizuno & T Furuta discovers asteroid #8278
In 1993, "Angels in America-Millennium Approaches" opens at Kerr for 367 perfs
In 1993, Space probe Galileo enters asteroid belt
In 1994, Arsenal wins 34th Europe Cup II
In 1994, Courtney Love cleared of drug charges
In 1994, T B Spahr discovers asteroid #7783
In 1996, 122nd Kentucky Derby: Jerry Bailey aboard Grindstone wins in 2:01
In 1996, ABC Bud Light Masters Bowling Tournament won by Ernie Schlegel
In 1996, Greg Pavlik one-hits Tigers making the Rangers 1st AL team to pitch
In 1996, back-to-back one-hitters since the Washington Senators in 1917
In 1997, Bruno's Memorial Senior Golf Classic
In 1997, Phil Blackmar wins 50th Houston golf Open
In 1997, Sprint Titleholders LPGA Championship
In 1997, Tammie Green wins LPGA Sprint Titlehoders Championship

[Netherlands] Memorial Day
[New Orleans] McDonogh Day (1850)
[Tonga] Crown Prince's Birthday
[US] Student Memorial Day (1970)
[Zambia] Labour Day

In 1999, [Jewish] Lag B'Omer-Love for Holy Land Day (Iyyar 18, 5759)
In 2027, [Jewish] Yom Hashoah-Holocaust Memorial Day (Nis 27, 5787)
In 2033, [Jewish] Yom Haatzmaut (Iyyar 5, 5793)
In 2056, [Jewish] Lag B'Omer-Love for Holy Land Day (Iyyar 18, 5816)
[Christian-Bruges Belgium] Holy Blood Procession
[Christian] May Fellowship Day (Church Woman United)
[Luth, old RC, Ang] Feast of St Monica, mom of St Augustine of Hippo
[RC] Blandinus, French saint
[RC] Commemoration of St Florianus, patron of firemen
[RC] Monica, mother of Augustinus
[RC] Silvanus, bishop of Gaza
[RC] St Godehard/Gotthard, 14th bishop of Hildesheim

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 195 of 402: the history of spring (sprin5) * Thu, May  4, 2000 (14:56) * 1 lines 
Speaking of LPGA there's a women's major tourney in Austin this weekend, probably out at Onion Creek. Lotsa sports stuff happened this day.

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 196 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Thu, May  4, 2000 (15:01) * 1 lines 
That means thunder storms or are the weather gods working in your favor? Get out your sun screen and enjoy!

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 197 of 402: the history of spring (sprin5) * Thu, May  4, 2000 (15:14) * 3 lines 
Hopefully so!

I'd like to get out and play a bit of golf myself,or at least hit the driving range.

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 198 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Thu, May  4, 2000 (18:46) * 1 lines 
It's a great way to work out your aggravations and stress, not that you laid-back tall Texans have those problems... Take Bob with you and let him pretend it is Big Bad Dishonest Crazy Al *grinning menacingly*

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 199 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Fri, May  5, 2000 (14:07) * 469 lines 
On May 05 - 125th day of year with 240 days left (Numerology = 1)

Happy Birthday to:
In 1352, Ruprecht, Roman catholic German king
In 1557, Emmanuel-Philibert van Lalaing, baron of Montigny/marquis of Renty
In 1635, Philippe Quinault, French playwright (L'amant indiscret)
In 1657, Jacques Danican Philidor, composer
In 1680, Giuseppe Porsile, composer
In 1715, Daniel Dal Barba, composer
In 1749, Jean-Frederic Edelmann, composer
In 1800, Louis Hachette, French publisher (Librairie Hachette)
In 1804, Jacob Kats, Flemish writer (Earthly Paradise)
In 1813, Síren Kierkegaard, Denmark, philosopher (founded Existentialism)
In 1815, EugŠne-Marin Labiche, French playwright
In 1817, George Washington Julian, MC (Union), died in 1899
In 1818, Karl Marx, philosopher (Communist Manifesto, Das Kapital)
In 1819, Stanislaw Moniuszko, Polish composer
In 1823, James Allen Hardie, Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1876
In 1826, Eug‚nie M de Montijo y de Guzman, Empress of France
In 1832, H H Bancroft, historian, publisher (History of Pacific States)
In 1833, Ferdinand von Richthofen, German geographer/explorer
In 1835, Leopold II, Belgian crown prince, baptized
In 1842, Johann Nepomuk Fuchs, composer
In 1846, Federico Chueca, composer
In 1846, Henryk Sienkiewicz, Poland, author (Quo Vadis, Nobel 1905)
In 1848, Adalbert von Goldschmidt, composer
In 1849, Hambletonian, Chester NY, greatest standardbred horse
In 1854, Antonio Smareglia, composer
In 1862, Max Elskamp, Belgian author/poet (Lesson Joies Blondes, Maya)
In 1863, Frederik A Stoett, linguist (Dutch Proverbs)
In 1865, Felicjan Szopski, composer
In 1867, Nellie Bly, [Elizabeth Cochran Seaman], journalist
In 1867, Thomas Tertius Noble, composer
In 1869, Hans Erich Pfitzner, Moscow Russia, composer (Krakquer Begrs)
In 1871, Alberto Cametti, composer
In 1879, Symon Petlyura, leader Ukraine (pogroms)
In 1883, Charles Bender, only American Indian in baseball's Hall of Fame
In 1883, Leopold Samuel, composer
In 1883, Petar Konjovic, composer
In 1884, Wang Tjing-Wei, premier China (1932-35)
In 1885, Henri Velge, 1st chairman (Belgian Council of State)
In 1886, Manuel Borguno, composer
In 1887, Estelle Hemsley, Boston MA
In 1887, Lord Geoffrey Fisher of Lambeth, archbishop of Canterbury
In 1889, Herbie Taylor, cricketer (prolific South African pre- & post-WWI)
In 1890, Christopher Morley, author (Kitty Foil)
In 1894, Kit Guard, Denmark, actor (El Diablo Rides, Kid Courageous)
In 1899, Freeman Gosden, Richmond Va, radio actor (Amos-Amos 'n' Andy)
In 19--, Brooke Ashley, (Fantasia Lee, China Lake), XXX actress, Hooked, Perks
In 19--, Fantasia, XXX actress (Adv of Bad Mama Jama 3)
In 19--, Krystina King, XXX actress (Smart Ass Returns, In the Jeans)
In 19--, Leslie Winston, XXX actress (B*A*S*H, Dangerous When Wet, Marina Vice)
In 19--, Lucerito, spanish star [or Aug 5]
In 19--, Richard Schaal, Chicago Ill, actor (Leo-Phyllis, Trapper John MD)
In 1900, Charles Jewtraw, US, 500m speed skater (Olympic-gold-1924)
In 1900, Hans Schmidt-Isserstedt, German composer/conductor (Hassan gewinnt)
In 1900, Mervyn A Ellison, British astronomer (spectrohelioscope)
In 1903, James Beard, US, culinary expert/author (Delights & Prejudices)
In 1904, Gordon Richards, British jockey (winner of 4,870 races)
In 1905, Arnold Meijer, Dutch leader of fascist Dutch National/Black Front
In 1905, Robert Houben, Belgian CVP-minister of Public health (1958)
In 1906, Ursula Jeans, Simla India. actress (I Lived With You, Over the Moon)
In 1907, Benny Baker, St Joseph MO, actor (18 Again, Sting II, Thunderbirds)
In 1907, Kenneth Muir, English scholar
In 1907, Yoritsune Matsudaira, composer
In 1908, Jacques Massu, French general (Algeria)
In 1908, Rex Harrison, [Reginald Carey], Engld, actor (My Fair Lady, Cleopatra)
In 1909, Mikl¢s Radn¢ti, writer
In 1910, William I Martin, US pilot/vice-admiral (WW II)
In 1911, Giles Grangier, film director
In 1911, Norman Oldfield, cricketer (Engl batsman one Test v WI 1939, 80 & 19)
In 1911, Phillip Edmund Clinton Manson-Bahr, specialist in tropical medicine
In 1912, Alice Faye, [Ann Leppert], NYC, actress (Barricade, State Fair)
In 1912, W Fenton Morley, preacher
In 1913, Tyrone Power, Cleve, actor (Mark of Zorro, Alexander's Ragtime Band)
In 1915, Richard H Rovere, Jersey City, journalist (Goldwater Caper)
In 1916, Mutal' Burkhanov, composer
In 1917, Ron Saggers, cricket wicket-keeper (effective NSW & Aussie late 40's)
In 1918, Erbie Bowser, pianist
In 1919, George London, Montreal Canada, bass-baritone (Monterone-Rigoleto)
In 1919, Tony Canadeo, Chicago, NFL hall of fame halfback (Green Bay Packers)
In 1920, John Hidalgo Moya, architect/designer (Skylon)
In 1921, Sonja Oosterman, Dutch singer (Marketensters)
In 1922, Jay D Miller, record producer
In 1922, Phil Gordon, Meridian Miss, singer/actor (Jasper-Bev Hillbillies)
In 1923, Godfrey Quigley, actor (Barry Lyndon, Educating Rita, Rooney)
In 1924, Leopoldo Torre Nilsson, Buenos Aires, director (Monday's Child)
In 1924, Theo Olof, German/Neth violinist/prodigy/concert master
In 1925, Monica Lewis, actress (Box Office)
In 1926, Ann B Davis, Schenectady NY, actress (Bob Cummings Show, Brady Bunch)
In 1927, Charles Rosen, NYC, pianist/musicologist (Sonata Forms)
In 1927, Pat Carroll, Shrevport La, comedienne/actress (Make Room for Daddy)
In 1927, Sid O'Linn, cricketer (soccer for S Africa 1947, cricket 1960)
In 1929, John S Ragin, Newark NJ, actor (Dr Astin-Quincy ME)
In 1930, Michael James Adams, USAF pilot (X-15)
In 1932, Aurel Stroe, composer
In 1932, Will Hutchins, Atwater Calif, actor (Sugarfoot, Hey Landlord)
In 1935, Douglas Marland, West Sand Lake NY, soap opera writer (Gen Hospital)
In 1937, Rob Van Gennep, publisher
In 1937, Robert O "Rob" van Gennep, Dutch publisher (Guevara, Gorz, MandŠl)
In 1938, Jerzy Skolimowski, Warsaw Poland, director (Hands Up, Deep End)
In 1938, Johnnie Taylor, US gospel singer (I Believe in You)
In 1938, Michael Murphy, LA CA, actor (McCabe & Mrs Miller, Unmarried Woman)
In 1939, James R Jones, (Rep-D-OK, 1973- )
In 1940, Eric Burdon, rock singer (House of Rising Sun-Animals, War)
In 1940, Lance Henriksen, actor (Aliens, Pumpkinhead, Knights, Hard Target)
In 1941, Aleksandr Ragulin, USSR, ice hockey play (Olympic-gold-1964, 68, 72)
In 1941, Howie Komives, NBA star (NY Knicks, Buffalo Braves)
In 1942, Amy Hill, actress (Grandma-Seinfeld, Pauly Shore)
In 1942, Tammy Wynette, Redbay Alabama, country singer (Stand by your Man)
In 1943, Michael Palin, England, comedian (Monty Python, Fish Called Wanda)
In 1944, Jean-Pierre Leaud, Paris France, actor (Detective)
In 1944, John Rhys-Davies, Salisbury England, actor (Sir Edward-Quest, Sliders)
In 1944, Roger Raised, English actor (Nicholas Nickleby)
In 1945, Jiri Svoboda, composer (Accumulator 1)
In 1945, Raphael, Spain, spanish singer (When the Sun Sets, Lo Meyur de Ano)
In 1946, Stefania Sandrelli, Viareggio Italy, actress (Lie, Conformist, 1900)
In 1948, Bill Ward, Birmingham England, heavy metal drummer (Black Sabbath)
In 1948, Frank Esier-Smith, rocker
In 1949, Anna Bergman, Stockholm Sweden, actress (Agent 69)
In 1950, Maggie MacNeal, Dutch singer (Mouth & MacNeal, I See a Star)
In 1951, Rex Goh, rock guitarist (Air Supply)
In 1952, Louis Cortelezzi, rock saxophonist (Mink DeVille)
In 1953, Billy Burnette, Memphis Tn, rock guitarist (Fleetwood Mac)
In 1954, Angelo Kimball, Boston Mass, rock guitarist (Face To Face)
In 1954, Dagmar W”hrl, German FR, Miss Germany (1977)
In 1954, John Greg Adams, Scottsdale AZ, PGA golfer (1982 Hall of Fame-2nd)
In 1954, Peter Erskine, jazz drummer (Weather Report)
In 1955, Melinda Culea, Western Springs Ill, actress (A-Team, Brotherly Love)
In 1955, Robert Feld, Nashville Tn, National Scrabble Champion (1990)
In 1956, Dick Kemper, Amsterdam Neth, rock vocalist/bassist (Vandenberg)
In 1957, Lisa Eilbacher, Dharan Saudi Arabia, actress (Beverly Hills Cop)
In 1957, Thereza Bazaar, rocker (Dollar-Love's Gotta Hold on Me)
In 1959, Ian McCullough, rock vocalist (Echo & Bunnymen-Heaven Up Here)
In 1961, Hiro Hase, wrestler (NJPW)
In 1964, Heike Henkel, German FR, world record indoor high jumper (1992)
In 1964, Lorraine McIntosh, British pop singer (Deacon Blue-Fellow Hoodlums)
In 1964, Ulrich Wilson, soccer player (FC Volendam)
In 1965, Paul Frase, NFL defensive tackle (Jacksonville Jaguars)
In 1966, Mike Stapleton, Sarnia, NHL center (Winnipeg Jets)
In 1967, Brad Baxter, NFL fullback (NY Jets)
In 1967, Charles Nagy, Fairfield CT, pitcher (Cleveland Indians)
In 1968, Craig Hendrickson, CFL tackle (Winnipeg Blue Bombers)
In 1968, Michael Titley, WLAF TE (London Monarchs)
In 1968, Robert David Burns, Mission Hills CA, PGA golfer (1994 Buick-5th)
In 1968, Tim Neilsen, cricket wicket-keeper (South Australian 1991)
In 1969, Bryan Ivie, Torrance Calif, volleyball middle blocker (Oly-br-92, 96)
In 1970, Harold Nash, CFL halfback (Montreal Alouettes)
In 1970, LaPhonso Ellis, NBA forward (Denver Nuggets)
In 1971, Harold Miner, NBA guard (Cleveland Cavaliers)
In 1971, Keith Hamilton, defensive end (NY Giants)
In 1971, Ken Brown, NFL linebacker (Denver Broncos)
In 1971, Reggie Jones, wide receiver (KC Chiefs)
In 1972, Barrett Brooks, NFL tackle (Phila Eagles)
In 1972, Brigitta Boccoli, Milan Italy, actress (Manhattan Baby)
In 1972, Janelle Lynn Canady, Miss Alaska USA (1996)
In 1972, Mikael Renberg, Pitea Swe, NHL right wing (Phila Flyers, TB Lightning)
In 1972, Mike Hollis, kicker (Jacksonville Jaguars)
In 1972, Ron Snook, Australian rower (Olympics-96)
In 1972, Rushia Brown, WNBA forward/center (Cleveland Rockers)
In 1972, Travis Jervey, NFL running back (Green Bay Packers-Superbowl 31)
In 1972, Wendy Kaye, Memphis Tenn, playmate (Jul, 1991)
In 1972, Zigmund Palffy, Skalica Slo, NHL right wing (NY Islanders)
In 1973, Johan Hedberg, Nacka SWE, hockey goalie (Team Sweden, Oly-1998)
In 1973, Matt Dubuc, CFL running back (Toronto Argonauts)
In 1973, Muhsin Muhammad, wide receiver (Carolina Panthers)
In 1973, Tina Yothers, Whittier Calif, actresss (Jennifer-Family Ties)
In 1975, Christine Buschur, Eagle River Alaska, Miss America-Alaska (1997)
In 1976, Sage Stallone, Sylvester's son/actor (Rocky V)
In 1977, Tiffany Roberts, Petaluma Calif, soccer midfielder (Olympics-96)
In 1980, Bonnie Lynn Gagnon, Miss New Hampshire Teen USA (1997)
In 1981, Danielle Christine Fishel, Mesa AZ, actress (Topanga-Boy Meets World)
In 1990, Tatiana Celia Kennedy Schlossberg, NYC, daughter of Caroline

Sorry to see these people go:
In , Gaius VM Galerius, emperor of Rome, dies at about 50
In 1028, Alfonso V, King of Le¢n/Galicia (999-1028), dies in battle
In 1194, Kazimierz II, the Justified, grand duke of Poland (1177-94), dies
In 1309, Charles II, the Lame, King of Naples (1285-1309), dies
In 1504, Anton of Burgundy, the Great Bastard, knight, dies at about 82
In 1525, Frederik III, the Wise, ruler of Saxon (1486-1525), dies at 62
In 1553, Erasmus Alberus, Germ theologist (Barfsser M”nche), dies at about 52
In 1582, Charlotte de Bourbon, Princess of Orange, dies
In 1604, Claudio Merulo, Italian organist/composer, dies at 71
In 1613, Johann Steuerlein, composer, dies at 66
In 1678, Anna M van Schurman, Dutch poet/spoke 10 languages, dies at about 70
In 1702, Jacob Hintze, composer, dies at 79
In 1705, Leopold I von Hapsburg, Emperor of Holy Roman Empire, dies at 64
In 1786, Pedro III, King of Portugal, dies
In 1801, Philippe-Lambert-Joseph Spruyt, Flemish painter/engraver, dies at 74
In 1821, Napoleon I Bonaparte, emperor France (1799-1815), dies in St Helena
In 1827, Frederik Augustus I, Justified, King of Saxon (1806-27), dies at 76
In 1831, Friedrich Ludwig Seidel, composer, dies at 65
In 1837, Niccolo Antonio Zingarelli, Italian composer/bandmaster, dies at 85
In 1840, Gottlob Benedikt Bierey, composer, dies at 67
In 1840, Matthaus Fischer, composer, dies at 76
In 1859, Peter G L Dirichlet, German mathematician, dies at 53
In 1864, Alexander Hays, US Union-general-major, dies in battle at 44
In 1864, John Marshall Jones, Confederate brig-general, dies in battle at 43
In 1864, Leroy A Stafford, US Confederate brig-general, dies in battle at 42
In 1875, Jan A C A van Nispen tot Sevenaer, Dutch MP (1848-75), dies at 71
In 1885, Lauro Rossi, composer, dies at 73
In 1886, Joseph Albert, German photographer (Albertotype), dies at 61
In 1892, Jan Nepomuk Skroup, composer, dies at 80
In 1902, Bret Harte, writer, dies at 65
In 1909, Pauline Staegeman, German feminist, dies
In 1921, Alfred H Fried, Austrian/German pacifist (Nobel 1911), dies
In 1927, Charles Boissevain, editor in chief (General Trade 1885-1908), dies
In 1945, Guëmundur J¢nsson Kamban, Icelandic writer (Vi mordere), dies at 56
In 1949, Maurice Maeterlinck, Belg playwright (Grand Fairie, Nobel 1911), dies
In 1951, Eddie Dunn, comedian (Face to Face, Spin the Picture), dies at 54
In 1956, Charles R Gallas, lexicographer (French Dictionary), dies at 88
In 1957, Mikhail Fabianovich Gnesin, composer, dies at 74
In 1960, Sulho Ranta, composer, dies at 58
In 1962, Ernest Tyldesley, cricketer (990 runs in 14 Tests for England), dies
In 1963, Heinrich Gebhard, composer, dies
In 1963, Jacobus JP Old, architect/co-founder (Stijl), dies at 73
In 1968, Albert Dekker, dies of accidental suffocation at 62
In 1969, Ben Alexander, actor (Frank Smith-Dragnet), dies at 57
In 1971, Alice Tissot, actress (Italian Straw Hat), dies of cancer at 81
In 1971, Petro Scaglione, Italian procureur-general, killed by Mafia
In 1972, Rev Gary David, vocalist, dies at 76
In 1976, Thomas Burnett Swann, sci-fi author (Day of Minotaur), dies at 47
In 1977, Ludwig Erhard, German minister of Economic Affairs (CDU), dies at 80
In 1978, Alfred H H Gilligan, cricketer (4 Tests for England), dies
In 1979, Shirley O'Hara, actress (Wild Party), dies at 68
In 1980, Edmond Vandercammen, Belgian writer/poet (Grand Combat), dies at 79
In 1981, Bobby Sands, IRA activists dies in his 66th day of his hunger strike
In 1983, John Williams, actor (Family Affair, Dial M for Murder), dies at 80
In 1986, Jon William Haussermann Jr, composer, dies at 76
In 1986, Rui Coelho, composer, dies at 94
In 1988, George Rose, actor (Devil's Disciple, Hideaways), dies at 68
In 1988, Tamara Pos, Suriname/Dutch activist
In 1989, Frank Easton, cricket wicketkeeper (NSW 1933-39), dies
In 1991, William De Acutis, dies at 33
In 1992, Ben Frommer, dies at 78
In 1992, Dick Yarmy, dies of lung cancer at 58
In 1992, Jean-Claude Pascal, French actor (Golden Salamander), dies at 64
In 1992, Stefano d'Arrigo, Siciilian writer, dies at 72
In 1993, Balak Brahmachari, [Marxist Godman], Indies guru, dies at 73
In 1993, Irving Howe, US writer/critic (Dissent), dies at 72
In 1993, Lenore Kingston Jenson, dies of cancer at 79
In 1994, Hein Salomonson, architect, dies at about 83
In 1994, Joe Layton, director (Richard Pryor Live on Sunset Strip), dies at 63
In 1995, Anthony Wagner, genealogist, dies at 86
In 1995, Bernard Benjamin Gillis, judge, dies at 89
In 1995, Esther Waterhouse, doctor/methodist, dies at 86
In 1995, James Pack, naval officer museum curator, dies at 81
In 1995, Lionel Alexander Bethune [Alastair] Pilkington, engineer, dies at 75
In 1995, Mikhail Moseyevich Botvinnik, world chess champ, dies
In 1995, Thomas Eden Binkley, musician, dies at 63
In 1996, Ai Qing, poet, dies at 86
In 1996, Beryl Burton, cyclist, dies at 58

In , 2nd Council of Constantinople (5th ecumenical council) opens
In 1382, Battle of Beverhoutsveld - population beats drunken army
In 1430, Jews are expelled from Speyer Germany
In 1494, On 2nd voyage to New World, Christopher Columbus sights Jamaica
In 1640, English Short Parliament unites
In 1646, King Charles I surrenders at Scotland
In 1665, Nicolaas Witsen visits patriarch Nikon in Moscow
In 1726, Marie de Camargo (16) premieres at Op‚ra of Paris
In 1749, Pope Benedict XIV proclaims 1750 a Year" [?]
In 1762, Russia & Prussia sign peace treaty
In 1764, Smolny-institution forms in St Petersburg for noble girls
In 1780, 2nd oldest learned society in US (American Academy of Arts &
In 1780, Sciences) forms (Boston)
In 1789, French States-General for It first since 1614 together
In 1797, Napoleon I's sister Elisa marries Felix Bacciochi
In 1809, Citizenship is denied to Jews of Canton of Aargau Switzerland
In 1809, Mary Kies is 1st woman issued a US patent (weaving straw)
In 1814, British attack Ft Ontario, Oswego, NY
In 1816, American Bible Society organized (NY)
In 1834, Charles Darwin's expedition begins at Rio Santa Cruz
In 1835, King Leopold opens Brussels-Mechelen railway
In 1842, City-wide fire burns for over 100 hours (Hamburg Germany)
In 1847, American Medical Association organized (Philadelphia)
In 1853, R Luther discovers asteroid #26 Proserpina
In 1854, English pirate Plumridge robs along pro-English Finnish coast
In 1855, NYC regains Castle Clinton, to be used for immigration
In 1861, Alexandria, VA - CS troops abandon city
In 1861, H Goldschmidt discovers asteroid #70 Panopaea
In 1862, French army intervenes in Puebla, Mexico: Cinco de Mayo
In 1862, Peninsular Campaign-Battle of Williamsburg, VA
In 1863, Battle of Tupelo, MS
In 1863, Joe Coburn KOs Mike McCoole for US boxing title in 63rd round
In 1864, Atlanta Campaign-5 days fighting begins at Rocky Face Ridge
In 1864, Battle between Confederate & Union ships at mouth of Roanoke
In 1864, Battle of Wilderness, VA (Germanna Ford, Wilderness Tavern)
In 1864, Campaign in Northern Georgia - Chattanooga GA to Atlanta GA
In 1865, 1st US train robbery (North Bend Ohio)
In 1874, Dutch 2nd Chamber passes child labor law
In 1881, Anit-Jewish rioting in Kiev Ukraine
In 1891, Music Hall (Carnegie Hall) opens in NY, Tchaikovsky as guest conductor
In 1893, Panic of 1893: Great crash on NY Stock Exchange
In 1900, "The Billboard" began weekly publication
In 1904, Cy Young of Boston pitches perfect game against Phila A's (3-0)
In 1905, Robert S Abbott published 1st issue of newspaper "Chicago Defender"
In 1907, J H Metcalf discovers asteroid #638 Moira
In 1908, 34th Kentucky Derby: Arthur Pickens on Stone Street wins in 2:15.2
In 1908, Great White Fleet arrives in SF
In 1912, 5th Olympic games open at Stockholm, Sweden
In 1912, Soviet Communist Party newspaper Pravda begins publishing (4/22 OS)
In 1915, German U-20 sinks Earl of Lathom
In 1916, US marines invade Dominican Republic, stay until 1924
In 1917, St Louis Brown Ernie Koob no-hits Chic White Sox, 1-0
In 1920, German-Latvian peace treaty signed
In 1920, Polish troops occupy Kiev
In 1920, US Pres Wilson makes Communist Labor Party illegal
In 1921, 1st ranger for Cleveland Metroparks hired
In 1921, Miniature newspaper published (Brighton Gazette 10 x 13 cm)
In 1922, Construction begins on Yankee Stadium (Bronx)
In 1924, Unions terminate Twentse textile strike
In 1925, John T Scopes arrested for teaching evolution in Tennessee
In 1925, Ty Cobb goes 6 for 6, (16 total bases)
In 1925, Yankee Everett Scott is benched, ending his 1,307-game playing streak
In 1926, Geldrop soccer team forms
In 1926, Sinclair Lewis refuses his Pulitzer Prize for "Arrowsmith"
In 1927, Dmitri Sjostakovitch' 1st Symphony, premieres in Berlin
In 1930, 1st woman to fly solo from Engl to Australia takes-off (Amy Johnson)
In 1930, Bradman scores 185* Aust v Leicestershire, 317 mins, 16 fours
In 1932, Japan & China sign a peace treaty
In 1934, 60th Kentucky Derby: Mack Garner aboard Cavalcade wins in 2:04
In 1935, H Van Gent discovers asteroid #1693 Hertzsprung
In 1935, Jessie Owens of US, sets then long jump record at 26' 8¬"
In 1936, Edward Ravenscroft patents screw-on bottle cap with a pour lip
In 1936, Italian troops occupy Addis Ababa
In 1938, Phillies Harold Kelleher faces 16 batters in 6th, as Cubs score 12
In 1938, runs, both marks are NL records off one hurler in a single inning
In 1939, Flash floods kill 75 in Northeast Kentucky
In 1940, Norwegian govt in exile forms in London
In 1941, 2 Fokker's employees flee nazi occupied Netherlands to England
In 1941, Emperor Haile Selassie returns to Addis Ababa
In 1941, Pulitzer prize awarded to Robert E Sherwood (There shall be no night)
In 1942, British assault on Diego Suarez Madagascar
In 1942, US begins rationing sugar during WW II
In 1943, Postmaster General Frank C Walker invents Postal Zone System
In 1944, Gandhi freed from prison
In 1944, Russian offensive against Sebastopol Krim
In 1945, Mauthausen Concentration camp liberated
In 1945, Netherlands & Denmark liberated from Nazi control
In 1945, Premier Gerbrandy on Radio Orange tells Dutch they are liberated
In 1945, Uprising against SS-occupying troops in Prague
In 1947, Mississippi Valley flooding kills 16 & causes $850M in damage
In 1947, Pulitzer prize awarded to Robert Penn Warren (All the King's Men)
In 1948, 1st air squadron of jets aboard a carrier
In 1948, Belgian govt of Spaak resigns
In 1949, Council of Europe forms
In 1949, KGO TV channel 7 in San Francisco, CA (ABC) begins broadcasting
In 1949, Statue of Council of Europe drawn
In 1949, Tiger 2nd baseman Charlie Gehringer selected to Hall of Fame
In 1950, Phumiphon Abundet crowned as king Rama IX of Thailand
In 1951, "Out of This World" closes at New Century Theater NYC after 157 perfs
In 1951, 77th Kentucky Derby: Conn McCreary aboard Count Turf wins in 2:02.6
In 1952, Pulitzer prize awarded to Herman Wouk (Caine Mutiny)
In 1952, Ron Necciai of Pitts Pirate's Bristol Twins Class D farm team, strikes
In 1952, out 27, as he no-hits Welch Minors, 4 Minors do reach base
In 1954, Military coup by general Alfredo Stroessner in Paraguay
In 1955, "Damn Yankees" opens at 46th St Theater NYC for 1022 performances
In 1955, Indies parliament accept hindu-divorce
In 1955, US performs nuclear test at Nevada test Site
In 1955, West Germany granted full sovereignty by 3 occupying powers
In 1956, 82nd Kentucky Derby: David Erb aboard Needles wins in 2:03.4
In 1956, Broekster Boys soccer team forms in Damwoude
In 1956, Jim Bailey (US) runs mile a record 3:58.6 in LA Calif
In 1956, World championships of judo are 1st held, in Tokyo
In 1957, Adolf Sch„rf elected president of Austria
In 1957, Betsy Rawls wins LPGA Peach Blossom Golf Open
In 1958, KNME TV channel 5 in Albuquerque, NM (PBS) begins broadcasting
In 1958, Pulitzer prize awarded to James Agee for (Death in the Family)
In 1958, US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Enwetak
In 1961, Alan Shepard becomes 1st American in space (aboard Freedom 7)
In 1962, 88th Kentucky Derby: Bill Hartack aboard Decidedly wins in 2:00.4
In 1962, LA Angel Bo Belinsky no-hits Balt Orioles, 2-0
In 1962, West Side Story soundtrack album goes to #1 & stays #1 for 54 weeks
In 1962, which is more than 20 weeks longer than any other album
In 1963, Marilynn Smith wins LPGA Peach Blossom Golf Open
In 1964, Separatists riot in Quebec
In 1965, 1st large-scale US Army ground units arrive in South Vietnam
In 1966, Borussia Dortmund wins 6th Europe Cup II
In 1966, Stanley Cup: Montreal Canadiens beat Detroit Red Wings, 4 games to 2
In 1966, Willie Mays hit his 512th HR
In 1968, Carol Mann wins LPGA Shreveport Kiwanis Club Golf Invitational
In 1969, 23rd NBA Championship: Boston Celtics beat LA Lakers, 4 games to 3
In 1969, Pulitzer prize awarded to Norman Mailer (Armies of the Night)
In 1970, US performs nuclear test at Nevada test Site
In 1971, "Earl of Ruston" opens at Billy Rose Theater NYC for 5 performances
In 1971, Race riot in Brownsville section of Brooklyn (NYC)
In 1972, Alitalia DC-8 crashes west of Palermo Sicily; killing 115
In 1973, 99th Kentucky Derby: Ron Turcotte aboard Secretariat wins in 1:59.4
In 1974, Sandra Spuzich wins LPGA Lady Tara Golf Classic
In 1975, A's release pinch runner Herb Washington (played 104 games without
In 1975, Pulitzer prize awarded to Michael Shaara (Killer Angels)
In 1975, batting, pitching, or fielding He stole 30 bases, & scored 33 runs)
In 1976, Anderlecht wins 16th soccer Europe Cup II
In 1976, Train collision at Schiedam Neth, kills 24
In 1978, Cin Red Pete Rose becomes 14th player to get 3,000 hits
In 1979, 105th Kentucky Derby: Ron Franklin on Spectacular Bid wins in 2:02.4
In 1979, Masterpiece Radio Theater begins broadcasting
In 1979, Voyager 1 passes Jupiter
In 1980, Siege at Iranian Embassy in London ends; British commandos & police
In 1980, stormed the building
In 1981, C Shoemaker discovers asteroids #2686 Linda Susan,
In 1981, #2748 Patrick Gene, #3107 Weaver, #3375 Amy, #3689 Yeates
In 1981, #3777 McCauley, #4368 Pillmore & #4888 Doreen
In 1981, 16th & final Mayor's Trophy Game, Mets beat Yanks 4-1, hold 8-7-1 edge
In 1981, C S Shoemaker & E M Shoemaker discover asteroid #3927 Feliciaplatt
In 1981, E Bowell discovers asteroids #2659 Millis & #3023 Heard
In 1983, Bruins 5-Isles 1-Wales Conf Championship-Isles hold 3-2 lead
In 1983, US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
In 1984, 110th Kentucky Derby: Laffit Pincay Jr aboard Swale wins in 2:02.4
In 1985, Amy Alcott wins LPGA Moss Creek Women's Golf Invitational
In 1986, C S Shoemaker discovers asteroid #4765 Wasserburg
In 1986, Hall of Fame & Museum announced to be built in Cleveland
In 1987, A C Gilmore & P M Kilmartin discover asteroid #6034
In 1987, Congress begins Iran-Contra hearings
In 1987, Detroit Tigers are 11 games back in AL, but go on to win AL East
In 1987, France performs nuclear test at Muruora Island
In 1988, Eugene A Marino installed as 1st black US archbishop
In 1989, Mike Tyson gets 2nd speeding ticket for drag racing in Albany NY
In 1990, 116th Kentucky Derby: Craig Perret aboard Unbridled wins in 2:02
In 1990, ABC Masters Bowling Tournament won by Chris Warren
In 1990, Paul Hogan & Linda Koslowski wed in Byron Bay, Eastern Australia
In 1991, Nancy Lopez wins LPGA Sara Lee Golf Classic
In 1991, S Otomo & O Muramatsu discover asteroid #6830
In 1991, T Seki discovers asteroid #7289
In 1992, Country singer Tammy Wynette hospitalized with bile duct infection
In 1994, "Sally Marrand Her Escorts" opens at Helen Hayes NYC for 50 perfs
In 1994, K Endate & K Watanabe discover asteroid #6669
In 1994, Labour beats Conservatives in British local elections
In 1994, North-Yemen air force bombs Aden South Yemen
In 1995, Last basketball game at Boston Gardens (Magic beats Celtics)
In 1996, "Jack-Night on Town with J Barrymore" closes at Belasco after 12 perfs
In 1996, Karrie Webb wins LPGA Sprint Titleholders Golf Championship
In 1996, Renette Cruz, Vancouver, wins Miss Canadian Universe
In 1997, "Married With Children" final episode on Fox TV
In 1997, Iridium-1 Delta 2 Launch, Successful
In 2000, Conjunction of Sun, Mercury, Venus, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn & Moon

[Denmark-1945, Ethiopia-1941, Netherlands-1945] Liberation Day
[Ethiopia] Victory Day
[Japan] Tango-no-sekku [Boys' Festival]/Children's Day
[M‚xico] Cinco de Mayo/Battle of Pueblo (1867)
[Netherlands] National Memorial Day
[New Orleans] McDonogh Day (1850)
[South Korea] Dano Festival/Children's Day (1975)
[Thailand] Coronation Day
[Zambia] Labour Day

In 1572, [old RC] Feast of St Pius V, pope (1566-72)
In 2014, [Jewish] Yom Haatzmaut (Iyyar 5, 5774)
In 2016, [Jewish] Yom Hashoah-Holocaust Memorial Day (Nis 27, 5776)
In 2022, [Jewish] Yom Haatzmaut (Iyyar 4, 5782)
In 2024, [Jewish] Yom Hashoah-Holocaust Memorial Day (Nis 27, 5784)
In 2026, [Jewish] Lag B'Omer-Love for Holy Land Day (Iyyar 18, 5786)
In 2045, [Jewish] Lag B'Omer-Love for Holy Land Day (Iyyar 18, 5805)
In 2054, [Jewish] Yom Hashoah-Holocaust Memorial Day (Nis 27, 5814)
In 2060, [Jewish] Yom Haatzmaut (Iyyar 5, 5820)
[Christian-Bruges Belgium] Holy Blood Procession
[Christian] May Fellowship Day (Church Woman United)
[RC] Angelus, carmelite/martyr of Sicily
[RC] Hilarius, bishop of Arles
[RC] Irene, martyr
[RC] Maximus, bishop of Jerusalem
[RC] Pope Pius V
[RC] St Godehard/Gotthard, 14th bishop of Hildesheim

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 200 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Sat, May  6, 2000 (14:59) * 487 lines 
On May 06 - 126th day of year with 239 days left (Numerology = 2)

Happy Birthday to:
In , Henry II, Roman Catholic German king/emperor (1002/14-24)
In 1501, Marcellus II, [Marcello Cervini], Italy, humanist/Pope (1555, 22 days)
In 1581, Frans Francken, the Younger, painter
In 1606, Lorenzo Lippi, [Perlone Zipoli], poet/painter
In 1758, Maximilien Robespierre, Arras Fr, French revolutionary/avocat (1781)
In 1759, Fran‡ois GJS Andrieux, French writer/politician
In 1769, Ferdinand III, archduke of Austria/ruler of Toscane
In 1785, Arvir A Afzelius, Swedish story teller
In 1786, Ludwig B”rne, writer
In 1790, Vaclav Vilem Wurfel, composer
In 1800, Ferdinand Marcucci, composer
In 1801, George Sears Greene, Bvt Mjr General (Union volunteers), died in 1899
In 1802, Friedrich Wilhelm Schirmer, artist
In 1806, Chapin Aaron Harris, US, found America Society of Dental Surgeons
In 1809, William Walker, composer
In 1812, Marin R Delany, Charlestown Va, 1st black major in US Medical Corp
In 1813, Joseph Tarr Copeland, Brig General (Union volunteers), died in 1893
In 1814, Heinrich Wilhelm Ernst, composer
In 1814, Wilhelm Ernst, violinist/composer
In 1825, Joseph Bailey, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1867
In 1829, Phoebe Ann Coffin, 1st female ordained minister in New England
In 1830, Guido Gezelle, Flemish priest/poet
In 1838, Alfred Humphreys Pease, composer
In 1843, Grove Karl Gilbert, geologist, investigated Lake Bonneville, Utah
In 1849, Wyatt Eaton, artist
In 1856, Robert Edwin Peary, US, arctic explorer (North Pole-Apr 6 1909)
In 1856, Sigmund Freud, Austria, cigar smoker, father of psychology
In 1858, Georges Adolphe Hue, composer
In 1859, Luis Mar¡a Drago, Argentina, statesman, anti-interventionist
In 1859, Willem J T Kloos, Dutch poet (Act of Simple Justice)
In 1861, Radindranath Tagore, Hindu poet/mystic/composer (Nobel 1913)
In 1868, Wladyslaw Stanislaw Reymont, Poland, novelist (Chiopi, Nobel-1924)
In 1869, Jan R Slotemaker de Bru‹ne, Dutch clergyman/politician (CHU)
In 1869, Joseph Cuvelier, Belgian historian/archivist
In 1870, Amedos Peter Giannine, San Jose Calif, founded Bank of America
In 1870, John McClutcheon, cartoonist (Pulitzer Prize-1931)
In 1871, August Reusner, composer
In 1871, Ch Morgenstern, writer
In 1875, William Daniel Leahy, Iowa, 5 star admiral/chief of staff (1949)
In 1879, Johan H T Norlind, Swedish musicologist
In 1880, Baron W Edmund, Archangel & Ironside, British fieldmarshal
In 1880, Ernst L Kirchner, German painter (Die Brcke)
In 1883, Jos‚ Ortega y Gasset, Spanish philosopher/author [or May 9]
In 1888, Emmanuel Celler, (Rep-D-NY, 1923-73)
In 1889, Arthur Morison, typographer
In 1890, Claire Whitney, NY, silent film actress (Blind Fools, Haunted Mine)
In 1894, Filip Lazar, composer
In 1895, Rudolph Valentino, Castellaneta Italy, sheik/actor (Eagle)
In 1897, Paul Alverdes, German writer (Pfeiferstube)
In 1898, Daniel Gerber, Freemont Mi, beloved by babies at mealtime
In 19--, Kathleen Collins, Boston, Astronaut Michael's daughter/act (Grit Wins)
In 19--, Sunny McKay, Australia, XXX actress (Raunch)
In 19--, Tony King, Canton Ohio, actor (Sgt John Webber-Bronk)
In 1902, Harry Golden, Jewish humorist/writer (2› Plain, Only in America)
In 1902, Max Ophls, Saarland, dir/writer (Letters From an Unknown Woman)
In 1902, Walter Dawson, British Air Chief marshall
In 1904, Catherine Lacey, London England, actress (Sorcerors)
In 1904, Harry Martinson, Sweden, novelist/poet (Trade Wind-Nobel 1974)
In 1905, Norman De Tar, composer
In 1905, [Bernard] Toots Shor, raconteur/restauranteur (Toots Shor)
In 1906, Andr‚ Weil, [Bourbaki], French/US mathematician
In 1907, Weeb Ewbank, NFL coach (Baltimore Colts, NY Jets)
In 1908, Necil Kazim Akses, composer
In 1910, Antoon Breyne, Belgian journalist
In 1912, Barend Roest Crollius, painter/writer (Chronicle Sins of Youth)
In 1912, Bill Quinn, NYC, actor (Rifleman, Van Ranseleer-All in the Family)
In 1912, Hugh Martell, British Vice Admiral
In 1913, Carmen Cavallaro, NYC, actor (Hollywood Canteen, Diamond Horseshoe)
In 1913, Gyula David, composer
In 1913, Jack [John T] Aitken, British anatomist
In 1913, Kenneth Horne, English paper manufacturer/multi-millionaire
In 1913, Ronald Harris, British 1st Church Estates Commissioner
In 1913, Stewart Granger, [James Stewart], London, actor (Prisoner of Zenda)
In 1915, George Perle, Bayonne NJ, composer (12 Tone Tonality)
In 1915, John Arnold, British high court judge
In 1915, May Henriquez-Alvarez, Cura‡ao, sculptor
In 1915, Orson Welles, Kenosha Wisc, actor (Citizen Kane, War of the Worlds)
In 1915, Theodore H White, historian/writer (Making of President)
In 1916, Adriana Caselotti, animation voice (Show White)
In 1918, Godfrey Ridout, composer
In 1918, Sydney Chatton, England
In 1919, Frank Ereaut, Balliff of Jersey
In 1920, John Henderson, Lord-Lieutenant (Berkshire England)
In 1921, Erich Freid, writer
In 1921, Freddy Randall, jazz trumpeteer
In 1921, Robert Fell, CEO (British Stock Exchange)
In 1922, Alan Ross, editor (London Magazine)
In 1922, Carlos J Moorhead, (Rep-R-CA, 1973- )
In 1922, John Ernest, constructionist artist
In 1922, Pat Harder, Milwaukee, NFL fullback (Cardinals, Lions)
In 1923, Elizabeth Sellars, Glasgow Scotland, actress (Chalk Garden)
In 1923, Guiseppe Martelli, physicist
In 1924, Mimi Benzell, Bridgeport Ct, operatic soprano (Gilda-Rigoletto)
In 1925, Patrick Meany, CEO (Rank Organization)
In 1926, John Hamilton-Jones, CEO (Richmond Enterprises)/British Maj-Gen
In 1926, Marguerite Piazza, New Orleans LA, operatic soprano (Young Broadway)
In 1926, [Martin] Ross Hunter, Cleveland OH, actor (Ever Since Paris)
In 1927, Ettore Manni, Rome Italy, actor (Fatal Desire, Heroes in Hell)
In 1927, Michael Frederick, cricketer (one Test WI v Engld 1954, scored 0 & 30)
In 1929, John Polk Allen, Carnegie Okla, CEO (Biosphere 2)
In 1929, John Taylor, bishop (St Albans)/Lord High Almoner to Queen
In 1929, Rosemary Camp, president (Council for British Archaeology)
In 1931, Marvin Leath, (Rep-D-TX, 1979- )
In 1931, Willie Mays, baseball centerfielder, "Say Hey Kid" (660 HRs, MVP 1954)
In 1932, Gunther Hauk, composer
In 1932, John Bond, cricket umpire
In 1932, Viscount Coke, English large landowner/art collector
In 1933, Lord Pender
In 1934, Richard C Shelby, (Rep-D-AL (1979-86)/Sen-D-AL, 1987- )
In 1936, Joanna Dunham, actress (Possession, House the Dripped Blood)
In 1936, Sylvia Robinson, rocker (Mickey & Sylvia-Love is Strange)
In 1938, Eleanor Platt, QC
In 1939, Anthony Blacker, master-general of Ordnance
In 1939, Herbie Cox, rocker (Cleftones)
In 1939, Zhanna Dmitriyevna Yerkina, Russian cosmonaut
In 1940, Henry Habibe, Arubian poet (Kerensentenchi)
In 1940, Murray Sidlin, Baltimore Maryland, conductor (Natl Symph 1973-77)
In 1941, Fred J Eckert, (Rep-D-NY, 1985-87)
In 1941, Ghena Dimitrova, actress (Nabucco)
In 1942, Colin Earl, rocker
In 1945, Bob Seger, Dearborn Mich, folk singer (Silver Bullet Band-Shake Down)
In 1945, Richard Eyers, LA Calif, actor (My Friend Irma, Stagecoach West)
In 1945, Victoria Bond, composer
In 1946, Jim Ramstad, (Rep-R-Minnesota)
In 1946, Susan Brown, actress (Gail Baldwin-General Hospital)
In 1946, Sydne Rome, Akron Ohio, actress (What?, Candy)
In 1947, Andy Roberts, cricketer (NZ batsman 1976)
In 1947, Ben Masters, Corvalis OR, actor (Vic-Another World, Making Mr Right)
In 1947, Dennis Cowan, London, rocker (Bonzo Dog Band)
In 1947, Richard "Dick" Fosbury, Portland Ore, high jumper (Oly-gold-68)
In 1947, Sandra Fisher, painter
In 1948, Lolita, [Abr zame], spanish singer (Esp‚rame)
In 1948, Richard Cox, NYC, actor (Mark-Executive Suite)
In 1949, David Cornell Leestma, Muskegon Mich, USN/astronaut (STS 41-G, 28, 45)
In 1950, Robbie McIntosh, drummer (Avg White Band-Show your Hand)
In 1952, Chiaki Naito-Mukai, Tatebayashi Japan, astronaut (STS 65, sk:95)
In 1953, Lynn Whitfield, Baton Rouge, actress (Josephine Baker, Equal Justice)
In 1953, Tony Blair, British PM (Labour, 1997- )
In 1954, Sergei Nikolayevich Tresvyatsky, Russia, cosmonaut
In 1955, Donald A Thomas, Cleve Ohio, PhD/Astronaut (STS 65, 70, 83, 94)
In 1955, John Hutton, MP
In 1959, Aidan Quinn, actor (Avalon, Crusoe, Desperately Seeking Susan)
In 1959, Charles Hendry, MP
In 1959, Eric D Fingerhut, (Rep-D-Ohio)
In 1959, Kate Collins, Boston Mass, actress (Natalie Hunter-All My Children)
In 1959, Scott Hood, Seattle Wash, Canadian Tour golfer (1989 Montana Open-2nd)
In 1960, Bart de Boer, Dutch guitarist (Ivy Green)
In 1960, Julianne Phillips, Lake Oswego Oregon, actress (Frankie Reed-Sisters)
In 1960, Larry Steinbachek, rock synthesizer (Bronski Beat-Smalltown Boy)
In 1961, Clay O'Brien, Ray Az, actor (Weedy-Cowboys)
In 1961, George Clooney, Lexington KY, actor (Dr Douglas Ross-ER, Batman)
In 1961, Roma Downey, Derry Ire, actress (1 Life to Live, Touched by an Angel)
In 1962, Lori Singer, Corpus Christi TX, actress (Jurasic Park)
In 1962, Neil Foster, cricketer (England right-fast medium)
In 1963, Alessandra Ferri, British ballerina (American Ballet Theater)
In 1964, Dana Hill [Goetz], Van Nuys Calif, actress (2 of Us, Shoot the Moon)
In 1964, Kim Oden, Ala, US Olympic volleyball player (NCAA Play of Decade-80s)
In 1964, Mike Grob, Billings Montana, Canadian Tour golfer (1988 Manitoba-3rd)
In 1964, Mike McGruder, NFL cornerback (Tampa Bay Bucs)
In 1965, Bob Bassen, Calgary, NHL center (Dallas Stars)
In 1965, Ken Harvey, NFL linebacker (Washington Redskins)
In 1965, Norman Whiteside, British soccer player
In 1965, Paul Frase, NFL defensive end (Green Bay Packers-Superbowl 31)
In 1965, Tim Simpson, Atlanta GA, Nike golfer (1985 Southern Open)
In 1965, Zahid Sadiq, cricketer
In 1967, Patrick F Manning Jr, Poughkeepsie NY, rower (Olympic-92)
In 1968, Andy Kelly, WLAF quarterback (Rhein Fire)
In 1968, Linnea Marie Fayard, Shrevept La, Miss Louisiana-America (1991-5th)
In 1969, Mark Thomas, NFL defensive end (Carolina Panthers, Packers, Bears)
In 1969, Pascall Davis, WLAF linebacker (Amsterdam Admirals)
In 1970, Emerson Martin, NFL guard (Pitts Steelers, Carolina Panthers, Packers)
In 1971, Rob Holmberg, NFL linebacker (Oakland Raiders)
In 1972, Dean Larsson, BC Canada, Nike golfer (1994 Monterrey Open-46th)
In 1972, Martin Brodeur, Montreal, NHL goalie (NJ Devils, Team Canada)
In 1973, Clay Williams, OL (Indianapolis Colts)
In 1973, Joe Spiteri, Australian soccer striker (Olyroos, Olympics-96)
In 1973, Wendy Ward, San Antonio Texas, LPGA golfer (1995 GHP Classic-15th)
In 1976, Lindsay Page, Madison Wis, figure skater (1997 E Great Lakes Sr-3rd)
In 1977, Gabriela Aguilar, Miss Costa Rica Universe (1997)
In 1977, Shannon Shakespeare, Mission BC, 100m swimmer (Olympics-96)
In 1977, Trent Steed, Sydney NSW Australia, swimmer (Olympics-96)
In 1980, Brooke Bennett, 800m freestyle (Olympics-gold-96)
In 1980, Kasumi Takahashi, Tokyo Japan, Australian rhythmic gymnast (Oly-96)

Sorry to see these people go:
In , Dirk II, West Frisian count of Holland
In , Thrasamunde, king of Vandalen
In 1085, King Alfonso VI, of Le¢n conquered Toledo, dies
In 1124, Balak, Emir of Aleppo, murdered
In 1475, Dieric Bouts, Dutch painter, dies at about 64
In 1527, Karel van Bourbon, military governor (Lombardije), dies at 37
In 1540, Jean Luis Vives, Spanish theory/humanist/reformer, dies at 48
In 1638, Cornelius Jansen, theologian (Jansenism), dies
In 1642, Frans Francken, the Younger, Flemish painter, dies on 61st birthday
In 1666, Paul Siefert, composer, dies at 79
In 1667, Johann Jacob Froberger, German singer/organist/composer, dies at 50
In 1678, Joseph de La Barre, composer, dies at 44
In 1727, Catharina I, Latvia tsarina of Russia, dies at about 42
In 1739, Bernardus Smijtegelt, vicar (Gekrookte Reed), dies at 63
In 1776, James Kent, composer, dies at 76
In 1794, Jean-Jacques Beauvarget-Charpentier, composer, dies at 59
In 1814, George Joseph Vogler, composer, dies at 64
In 1836, Christian Ignatius Latrobe, composer, dies at 78
In 1841, John Thomson, composer, dies at 35
In 1852, Charles-Louis-Joseph Hanssens, composer, dies at 75
In 1856, William Hamilton, metaphysicist, dies
In 1859, Friedrich Heinrich Alexander, explorer/scientist, dies
In 1862, Henry David Thoreau, US writer/pacifist (Walden Pond), dies at 44
In 1864, Henry Livermore Abbott, US Union brig-general, dies in battle
In 1864, Micah Jenkins, Confederate brig-general (friendly fire), dies at 28
In 1882, Frederick Cavendish, assassinated by Fenian Invincibles, in Dublin
In 1882, Thomas Henry Burke, assassinated by Fenian Invincibles, in Dublin
In 1890, Hubert Leonard, composer, dies at 71
In 1892, Ernest Guiraud, composer, dies at 54
In 1904, Franz von Lenbach, German painter, dies at 67
In 1908, Jean R‚ville, French vicar (Le Proph‚tisme H‚breu), dies at 53
In 1910, Edward VII, King of England (1901-10), dies at 68
In 1916, Dirk Bos, Dutch MP (Liberal), dies at 53
In 1916, Earl Ross Drake, composer, dies at 50
In 1919, Frank Lyman Baum, author (Wizard of Oz), dies at 62
In 1924, Carel S Adama van Scheltema, poet/writer (socialism), dies at 47
In 1936, Hans Jelmoli, composer, dies at 59
In 1948, 43 communist rebels, executed in Athens
In 1949, A L Ochse, cricketer (10 wickets in 3 Tests for S Afr 1927-29), dies
In 1949, P-M-B Maurice Maeterlinck, Belg philosopher (Nobel 1911), dies at 86
In 1950, Agnes Smedley, writer, dies
In 1952, Alberto Savinio, Italian composer (Capitano Ulisse), dies at 60
In 1952, Maria Montessori, Italian physician/educationist, dies at 81
In 1960, Paul Abraham, Hungarian composer (Blume von Hawaii), dies at 67
In 1961, Lucian Blaga, philosopher/poet (Transcendental censor), dies at 65
In 1963, Monty Wooley, actor (Pied Piper, Man Who Came to Dinner), dies at 74
In 1964, Harold Morris, composer, dies at 74
In 1971, Helene Weigel, Austrian/German actress (Metropolis), dies at 70
In 1973, Ernest MacMillan, composer, dies at 79
In 1975, J¢zsef Mindszenty, [Joseph Prehm], Hungarian cardinal, dies at 83
In 1976, Karel M J F Cruysberghs, Flemish author (On the Pulpit), dies at 85
In 1978, Ethelda Bleibtrey, US swimmer (Olympics-3 gold-1920), dies at 76
In 1978, Ko van Dijk Jr, Dutch actor (Zaak M P), dies at 61
In 1982, Sam Baker, dies
In 1987, William J Casey, director of CIA (1981-87), dies at 73
In 1989, Guy Williams, actor (Zorro, Lost in Space)
In 1990, Charles Farrell, actor (Vern-My Little Margie), dies at 89
In 1991, Anthony van Kampen, writer (Ketelbinkie, Geschonden Eldorado), dies
In 1991, Chucky Mullins, US soccer player, dies
In 1991, Thomas A Carlin, dies at 62
In 1991, Wilfrid Hyde-White, Brits actor (Peyton Place/140+ films), dies at 87
In 1992, Jilly Rizzo, restauranteur/friend of Frank Sinatra, dies in car at 75
In 1992, Marlene Dietrich, [Maria Losch], actress (Angel), dies in Paris at 90
In 1993, Ann Todd, actress (Things to Come, Danny Boy), dies of stroke at 84
In 1993, Minnie Gentry, actress (Def by Temptation), dies in NY at 77
In 1994, Fred Sadoff, actor (Quiet American), dies of AIDS at 67
In 1994, Haskell "Cool Papa" Sadler, blues singer/guitarist, dies at 59
In 1994, Helen Lessore, artist, dies at 86
In 1994, Montague Modlyn, broadcaster, dies at 72
In 1994, Moses Rosen, Romania's chief rabbi, dies at 81
In 1995, Dona Maria Pia de Braganca, pretender to Port throne, dies at 88
In 1995, Leanoard "Red" Truss, R&B singer, dies at 47
In 1995, Nicholas Palmer, TV writer/producer, dies at 57
In 1996, Frank Hercules, writer, dies at 85
In 1996, Geoffrey Dawes, physiologist, dies at 78
In 1996, Geoffrey Hodges, bomb disposal expert, dies at 87
In 1996, Joseph Stone, lawyer, dies at 79
In 1996, Leon Joseph Suenens, cardinal, dies at 91
In 1996, Michael Gerzon, mathematician, dies at 50

In 1312, Pope Clement V closes Council of Vienna
In 1476, Emperor Frederik III of Habsburg & duke Charles the Stout
In 1476, arrange marriage of their children
In 1527, Spanish & German Imperial troops sack Rome; ending Renaissance
In 1529, Battle at Gogra: Mogol emperor Babur beats Afghans & Bengals
In 1536, King Henry VIII, orders bible be placed in every church
In 1598, Arch duke Albrecht & Isabella become monarch of Southern Netherlands
In 1626, Dutch colonist Paul Minuit buys Manhattan for $24 in trinkets
In 1642, Ville Marie (Montreal) forms
In 1644, Johan Mauritius resigns as governor of Brazil
In 1648, Battle at Z¢lty Wody-Bohdan Chmielricki's Cossaks beat John II Casimir
In 1672, Brandenburgs monarch Frederik Willem signs treaty with Netherlands
In 1733, 1st international boxing match: Bob Whittaker beats Tito di Carni
In 1753, French King Louis XV observes transit of Mercury at Mendon Castle
In 1757, Battle at Prague: Frederik II of Prussia beats emperor army
In 1787, 1st Black Masonic Lodge (African # 459) forms Prince Hall, Boston
In 1794, Haiti, under Toussaint L'Ouverture, revolts against France
In 1804, Suriname sold to English (until Feb, 1816)
In 1833, John Deere makes 1st steel plow
In 1835, 1st edition of NY Herald (price 1›)
In 1840, 1st postage stamps (Penny Black) issued (Great Britain)
In 1844, Johan Thorbecke argue general right to vote
In 1848, Otto Tank ends slavery in Suriname colony
In 1851, Dr John Gorrie patents a "refrigeration machine"
In 1851, Linus Yale patents Yale-lock
In 1851, New slave regulations go into effect in Suriname
In 1851, SF Chamber of Commerce starts
In 1853, 1st major US rail disaster kills 46 (Norwalk, Connecticut)
In 1860, SF Olympic Club, 1st US athletic club forms
In 1861, Arkansas & Tennessee becomes 9th & 10th state to secede from US
In 1861, Jefferson Davis approves a bill declaring War between US & Confederacy
In 1864, Battle of Port Walthall Junction, VA
In 1864, Battle of Wilderness-Gen Longstreet seriously injured
In 1864, General Sherman begins advance to Atlanta Georgia
In 1882, Chinese Exclusion Act: US Congress ceases Chinese immigration
In 1882, Epping Forest England dedicated by Queen Victoria
In 1889, Universal Exposition opens in Paris, Eiffel Tower completed
In 1890, Mormon Church renounces polygamy [1006-Truth Restored (Morman pub)]
In 1891, Conductors on London General Omnibus Company go on strike
In 1895, 21st Kentucky Derby: Soup Perkins aboard Halma wins in 2:37«
In 1896, 22nd Kentucky Derby: Willie Simms aboard Ben Brush wins in 2:07.75
In 1896, Max Wolf discovers asteroid #417 Suevia
In 1902, British SS Camorta sinks off Rangoon; 739 die
In 1902, Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of Shoscombe Old Place" (BG)
In 1902, Zulu assault at Holkrantz South-Africa
In 1903, Chicago White Sox commit 12 errors against Detroit Tigers
In 1904, American Lung Association holds its 1st meeting
In 1906, "Temporary" permit to erect overhead wires on Market St SF
In 1907, 33rd Kentucky Derby: Andy Minder aboard Pink Star wins in 2:12.6
In 1910, King George V ascends to British throne
In 1913, King Nikita I of Montenegro vacates Skoetari, North-Albania
In 1914, British House of Lords rejects women suffrage
In 1915, Allies attack Cape Helles, Hellespont
In 1915, German U-20 sinks Centurion SE of Ireland
In 1915, Red Sox Babe Ruth pitching debut & 1st HR, loses to Yanks 4-3 in 15
In 1916, Belgian troop march into Kigali, German East-Africa
In 1917, St Louis Brown Bob Groom no-hits Chic White Sox, 3-0
In 1919, Paris Peace Conference disposes of German colonies; Ger E Africa is
In 1919, assigned to Britain & France, German SW Africa to South Africa
In 1921, American Soccer League forms
In 1925, Ty Cobb hits his 5th HR in 2 games tying Cap Ansons record of 1884
In 1929, AL announces it will discontinue MVP award
In 1929, NY to SF footrace begins
In 1933, 59th Kentucky Derby: Don Meade aboard Brokers Tip wins in 2:06.8
In 1933, Italy & USSR sign trade agreement
In 1934, Red Sox score 12 runs in 4th inning including record 4 consecutive
In 1934, triples hit by Carl Reynolds, Moose Solters, Rick Ferrell, & B Walters
In 1935, British King George & Queen Mary celebrates silver jubilee
In 1935, KTM-AM in Los Angeles Calif changes call letters to KEHE (now KABC)
In 1935, Pulitzer prize awarded to Audrey Wurdemann (Bright Ambush)
In 1937, Dirigible Hindenburg explodes in flames at Lakehurst, NJ (36 die)
In 1938, Dutch writer Maurits Dekker sentenced to 50 days for "offending a
In 1938, friendly head of state" (Hitler)
In 1939, 1st performance of Honegger/Claudel's "Jeanne d'Arc Ouch B-cher"
In 1939, 65th Kentucky Derby: James Stout aboard Johnstown wins in 2:03.4
In 1940, Pulitzer prize awarded to John Steinbeck (Grapes of Wrath)
In 1941, Joseph Stalin became premier of Russia
In 1942, Corregidor & Philippines surrender to Japanese Armies
In 1943, British 1st army opens assault on Tunis
In 1944, 70th Kentucky Derby: Conn McCreary aboard Pensive wins in 2:04.2
In 1944, KJR-AM in Seattle Wash swaps calls with KOMO
In 1945, Gen J Blaskowitz surrenders German troops in Netherlands
In 1946, Pulitzer prize awarded to Arthur M Schlesinger (Age of Jackson)"
In 1948, "Sally" opens at Martin Beck Theater NYC for 36 performances
In 1950, "Great to Be Alive" closes at Winter Garden Theater NYC after 52 perfs
In 1950, 76th Kentucky Derby: William Boland on Middleground wins in 2:01.6
In 1950, Liz Taylor's 1st marriage (Conrad Hilton Jr)
In 1951, Pitts Pirate Cliff Chambers no-hits Boston Brave, 3-0
In 1953, Brown's Bobo Holloman 1st major league start, no-hits Phila A's, 6-0
In 1954, Roger Bannister of Britain breaks 4 minute mile (3:59:4)
In 1955, West Germany joins NATO
In 1956, Gus Bell (Reds) homers off Bob Miller in both ends of a double header
In 1956, WRCB TV channel 3 in Chattanooga, TN (NBC) begins broadcasting
In 1957, Indiana University discovers asteroid #8059
In 1957, Italian govt of Segni resigns
In 1957, Last broadcast of "I Love Lucy" on CBS-TV
In 1957, Pulitzer prize awarded to John F Kennedy (Profiles in Courage)
In 1959, Iceland gunboats shoot at British fishing ships
In 1960, English prince Margaret marries Antony Armstrong-Jones (Lord Snowdon)
In 1960, Pres Eisenhower signs Civil Rights Act of 1960
In 1960, Students attack Dutch embassy in Djakarta
In 1960, Trotsky's murderer Jacques Mornard (Ram¢n Mercader), freed in Mexico
In 1961, 87th Kentucky Derby: John Sellers aboard Carry Back wins in 2:04
In 1961, Omer Vanaudenhove chosen chairman of Belgium Liberal Party
In 1962, 1st nuclear warhead fired from Polaris submarine (Ethan Allen)
In 1962, Antonio Segni elected president of Italy
In 1962, Mary Lena Faulk wins LPGA Peach Blossom Golf Tournament
In 1962, Pathet Lao breaks cease fire/conquerors Nam Tha Laos
In 1962, US performs nuclear test at Pacific Ocean
In 1963, Pulitzer prize awarded to Barbara Tuchman (Guns of August)
In 1964, D McLeish discovers asteroid #2854
In 1964, Joe Orton's "Entertaining Mr Sloan," premieres in London
In 1965, Lawry & Simpson complete opening stand of 382 against W Indies
In 1966, Canadian Minister of Finance announces a $20 Centennial gold coin
In 1966, Most runs scored in 11th inning (9) Phils score 5 to beat Pirates 8-7
In 1967, C U Cesco & A R Klemola discovers asteroids #1829 Dawson,
In 1967, #1991 Darwin, #2308 Schilt, #2504 Gaviola, #5757 Ticha & #8128
In 1967, 400 students seize administration building at Cheyney State College
In 1967, 93rd Kentucky Derby: Bobby Ussery on Proud Clarion wins in 2:00.6
In 1967, Maureen Wilton runs female world record marathon (3:15:22)
In 1967, Zakir Hussain elected 1st Moslem president of India
In 1968, Battle between students & troops in Paris, 1000 injured
In 1968, Giants reliever Lindy McDaniel sets NL record of 225th consecutive
In 1968, Spain closes border to Gibraltar except to Spaniards
In 1968, errorless game (108 chances consecutively since June 16, 1964)
In 1970, Yuchiro Miura of Japan skies down Mt Everest
In 1972, 98th Kentucky Derby: Ron Turcotte aboard Riva Ridge wins in 2:01.8
In 1973, 1st WHA championship, New England Whalers beat Win Jets, 4 games to 1
In 1973, Judy Rankin wins LPGA American Defender-Raleigh Golf Classic
In 1974, A's pitcher Paul Lindblad makes an errant throw in 1st inning of 6-3
In 1974, Bundy victim Roberta Parks disappears from OSU, Corvallis, Ore
In 1974, Smallest attendance at Phila's Veterans Stadium (4,149)
In 1974, Stolen "Guitar Player" painting by Jan Vermeer found in London
In 1974, W German chancellor W Brandt resigns
In 1974, loss to Balt ends his record streak of 385 consecutive errorless games
In 1975, 3 people die in tornado that strikes Omaha, Nebraska
In 1975, Bundy victim Lynette Culver disappears from Pocatello, Idaho
In 1975, Early warnings provided by REACT (ham radio operators) means only
In 1977, "Beatles at Hollywood Bowl," released in UK
In 1978, 104th Kentucky Derby: Steve Cauthen aboard Affirmed wins in 2:01.2
In 1978, N S Chernykh discovers asteroid #4234 Evtushenko
In 1978, South Africa military goes into Angola
In 1979, Fred Markham set a bicycle speed record of 818 kph over 200 m
In 1979, Louis LaRusso II's "Knockout," premieres in NYC
In 1979, Nancy Lopez wins LPGA Women's International Golf Tournament
In 1979, USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
In 1981, C S Shoemaker discovers asteroids #2742 Gibson, #2773, #2982 Muriel
In 1981, "Inacent Black" opens at Biltmore Theater NYC for 14 performances
In 1981, #3837 Carr, #3972 Richard & #6204 MacKenzie
In 1981, Mariners manager Maury Wills is fired & replaced by Rene Lachemann
In 1981, US expels Libyan diplomats
In 1982, Seattle Mariner Gaylord Perry becomes 15th pitcher to win 300 games
In 1983, N G Thomas discovers asteroid #3976 Lise & #6062 Vespa
In 1984, Balt Oriole Cal Ripken Jr hits for cycle
In 1984, Jos‚ Napoleon Duarte wins El Salvador presidential election
In 1985, 17th Space Shuttle Mission (51-B)-Challenger 7 lands at Edwards AFB
In 1986, Berlin: Real Madrid wins 15th UEFA Cup
In 1986, Donald E Pelotte becomes 1st native American bishop
In 1986, France performs nuclear test at Muruora Island
In 1987, Gary Hart denies affair with model Donna Rice
In 1987, Mario Andretti sets one-lap speed record at Indy at 218.204 MPH
In 1987, Niroslav Milhailovic begins 54 hours of telling jokes
In 1987, PTL's Jim Bakker & Rich Dortch dismissed from Assemblies of God
In 1987, USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
In 1988, Doughnutgate incident: NJ Devils' coach Jim Schoenfeld tells referee
In 1988, Don Koharski to 'eat another doughnut you fat pig!,' he is suspended
In 1988, Graeme Hick scores 405 for Worcs v Somerset 35 fours 11 sixes
In 1989, 115th Kentucky Derby: Pat Valenzuela on Sunday Silence wins in 2:05
In 1990, Ayako Okamoto wins LPGA Sara Lee Golf Classic
In 1990, Former president PW Botha quit South Africa's ruling National Party
In 1990, Tom Cruise is ticketed for careless operation of a vehicle in SC
In 1991, Phillie Lenny Dykstra slams his sports car into 2 trees
In 1991, Seppo Raty of Finland sets javelin record to 301' 9"
In 1991, Space Shuttle STS 39 (Discovery 12) lands
In 1992, A Sugie discovers asteroid #7021
In 1992, NY Met Anthony Young begins losing streak of at least 26 games
In 1992, Werder Bremen wins 32nd Europe Cup II
In 1993, STS-55 (Columbia) lands
In 1994, Chunnel linking England & France officially opens
In 1994, Comedian Bobcat Goldthwait sets fire to the couch on Tonight Show
In 1994, House passes the assault weapons ban
In 1994, K Endate & K Watanabe discover asteroid #6570 Tomohiro & #6744
In 1994, Lennox Lewis TKOs Phil Jackson in 8 for heavyweight boxing title
In 1994, Nelson Mandela & his ANC, finally confirmed winners in South Africa
In 1995, 121st Kentucky Derby: Gary Stevens on Thunder Gulch wins in 2:01.2
In 1995, ABC Bud Light Masters Bowling Tournament won by Mike Aulby
In 1995, Classic Sports Network begins on cable TV
In 1996, Alvaro Arzu aimed at ending 35 years of civil war
In 1996, Guatemala's leftist guerrillas sign key accord with govt of Pres
In 1996, Howard Stern Radio Show premieres in Hartford CT on WCCC 106.9 FM
In 1997, Army Staff Sgt Delmar Simpson gets 25-year sentence for rape
In 1997, Michael Jackson & Bee Gees inducted into Rock & Roll Hall of Fame
In 1997, NHL Hartford Whalers become Carolina Hurricanes
In 1997, Rick Pitino becomes coach of Boston Celtics
In 2012, Transit of Venus

[Bulgaria] Shepherd's & Herdsman's Day
[Denmark] Prayer Day
[Lebanon] Martyrs' Day
[New Orleans] McDonogh Day (1850)
[Zambia] Labour Day

In 2005, [Jewish] Yom Hashoah-Holocaust Memorial Day (Nis 27, 5765)
In 2007, [Jewish] Lag B'Omer-Love for Holy Land Day (Iyyar 18, 5767)
In 2035, [Jewish] Yom Hashoah-Holocaust Memorial Day (Nis 27, 5795)
In 2041, [Jewish] Yom Haatzmaut (Iyyar 5, 5801)
In 2049, [Jewish] Yom Haatzmaut (Iyyar 4, 5809)
In 2053, [Jewish] Lag B'Omer-Love for Holy Land Day (Iyyar 18, 5813)
[Ang/RC] Feast day of St John Before Latin Gate
[Ang] Feast day of St Edbert
[Ang] Feast day of St Evodius of Antioch
[Ang] Feast day of St Petronax
[Christian-Bruges Belgium] Holy Blood Procession
[Christian] May Fellowship Day (Church Woman United)
[Denmark] Prayer Day
[RC] Valerianus, 3rd bishop of Auxerre

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 201 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Sun, May  7, 2000 (01:21) * 431 lines 
On May 07 - 127th day of year with 238 days left (Numerology = 3)

Happy Birthday to:
In 1530, Louis I Cond‚, French prince/leader of hugenots
In 1574, Innocent X, [Giambattista Pamfili], 236th pope (1644-55)
In 1700, Gerard van Swieten, Dutch botanist
In 1704, Carl Heinrich Graun, composer
In 1763, Josef Poniatovski, Polish general/marshal of France
In 1769, Giuseppe Farinelli, composer
In 1776, D niel Berzsenyi, [Hungarian Horatius], Hungarian poet
In 1795, Gerhard M Roentgen, industrialist (founder dockyard Fijenoord)
In 1803, Johan Peter Cronhamm, composer
In 1812, Robert Browning, London England, poet (Pied Piper)
In 1826, Varina Howell Davis, 1st lady (Confederacy), died in 1905
In 1827, Charles T H Coster, Belgian literary (L‚gendes Flamandes) [or Aug 20]
In 1827, Francis Engle Patterson, Brig General (Union volunteers), died in 1862
In 1832, Carl G Neumann, German mathematician/physicist (Neumann-functions)
In 1833, Johannes Brahms, Hamburg Germany, composer, enjoys a good lullaby
In 1840, Peter Il'yich Tchaikovsky, Votkinsk Rus, composer (1812 Overture) [NS]
In 1845, Jacob van Stolk Azn, timber merchant/art collector
In 1847, Archibald Primrose, Earl of Rosebery (Lib), British PM (1894-95)
In 1866, Cornelis J K van Aalst, president (Dutch Trading Company)
In 1867, Philippine "Pine" Belder, [Mary de Klerk], actress (Hope of Blessing)
In 1873, Clarence Dickinson, composer
In 1882, Willem Elsschot, [Alfons J de Ridder], Flemish writer (Mend)
In 1883, Gino Roncaglia, composer
In 1883, Martin Albertz, German theologist (Church Jesus Christ)
In 1885, George "Gabby" Hayes, Wellesvile NY, actor (In Old Santa Fe, El Paso)
In 1887, Henri Pourrat, French writer (Gaspard of the Montagnes)
In 1890, Billy House, Minn, actor (Imitation of Life, Bedlam, Egg & I)
In 1892, Archibald MacLeish, Glencoe Ill, polit essayist/poet/dramatist (JB)
In 1892, Josip Broz Tito, WW II partisan, leader of Yugoslavia (1943-80)
In 1897, Kitty McKane, England, tennis (Oly-gold/2 silver/2 bronze-1920, 24)
In 1898, Vera Chapman, writer
In 19--, Maria Laria, Havana Cuba, Spanish TV hostess (Cara Cara)
In 19--, Phil Campbell, rocker (Motorhead-No Remorse)
In 1900, Bauke Tuinstra, Dutch/Frisian notary/author (Earste Keur)
In 1900, Ralph Truman, London England, actor (Web of Evidence)
In 1901, Gary Cooper, Montana, actor (2 Acad Awards-Sgt York, High Noon)
In 1901, L T Coggeshall, medical scientist/ US Secretary of HEW (1956-58)
In 1901, Marcel Poot, Belgian baron/composer
In 1902, Sal Gliatto, baseball player
In 1903, Basil Nield, judge/politician
In 1907, Jef van Durme, composer
In 1908, Ed MacDonald, actor (Mysteries of Chinatown)
In 1908, Wouter Paap, composer
In 1909, Edwin H Land, inventor (instant photography (Polaroid))
In 1912, Paul H F Brenneker, Neth/Antillian photographer/folklorist
In 1917, Daniel GillŠs, Belgian writer
In 1917, David Tomlinson, Scotland, actor (Mary Poppins, Helter Skelter)
In 1917, William Geoffrey Biddle, bomb disposal expert
In 1918, Argeliers Leon, composer
In 1919, Eva (Evita) Per¢n-Duarte, Argentina, 1st lady/actress
In 1921, Gale Robbins, Chic, actress (Fuller Brush Girl, Mr Hex)
In 1922, Darren McGavin, Spokane Wash, actor (Night Stalker, Tribes, Turk 182)
In 1923, Anne Baxter, Mich City Ind, actr (Myra-Marcus Welby, Victoria-Hotel)
In 1923, Pete V Domenici, (Sen-R-NM, 1973- )
In 1926, Val Bisoglio, NYC, actor (Lt Marsh-Police Woman, Danny-Quincy ME)
In 1927, Jim Lowe, Springfield Mass, DJ (WNEW) "King of Trivia"
In 1928, John Ingle, actor (Edward Quartermaine-General Hospital)
In 1928, Marvin Mitchelson, attorney
In 1929, Dick Williams, baseball player, manager (including Seattle 1986-87)
In 1929, Sally L Smith, educator/founder (Lab School of Wash)
In 1930, Aviard Gavrilovich Fastovets, Russia, cosmonaut
In 1930, Horst Bienek, German poet
In 1931, Gene [Rodman] Wolfe, US, sci-fi author (Soldier of Arete)
In 1931, Nel J Ginjaar-Maas, Dutch under-secretary of Education (VVD)
In 1931, Teresa Brewer, Toledo Ohio, singer (Put Another Nickel In)
In 1932, Hans Boskamp, [Johan HG Hoelscher], actor/producer (Oh My Papa)
In 1933, Johnny Unitas, NFL QB (Balt Colts, San Diego); one of the greats
In 1934, Ben Smith, Atlanta GA, PGA golfer (Ralphs Senior Classic-4th)
In 1934, Donald Russell Holler, composer
In 1934, Heinz Marti, composer
In 1934, Willard Scott, weatherman (Today)
In 1935, Kevin O'Connor, Honolulu Hawaii, actor (Bogie, Special Effects)
In 1936, Cornelius Cardew, composer
In 1938, Johnny Caldwell, Ireland, flyweight boxer (Olympic-bronze-1956)
In 1939, Jimmy Ruffin, vocalist (What Becomes of Broken Hearted)
In 1939, Johnny Maestro, NY rock vocalist (Crests-16 Candles, Brooklyn Bridge)
In 1939, Marco St John, New Orleans La, actor (Rayford-Ball Four)
In 1939, Rudolphus FM "Ruud" Lubbers, director Dutch/CDA-premier (1982-94)
In 1939, Volker Braun, writer
In 1940, Armando Krieger, composer
In 1940, John Irvin, actor (Moment in Time)
In 1941, Grahame Bilby, cricketer (two Tests NZ v England 1966)
In 1943, Christopher Taylor White, rocker
In 1943, Peter Horak, jetboat jumper
In 1943, Rick West, [Richard Westwood], rocker (Brian Poole & Tremeloes)
In 1944, Alison Margaret Bauld, composer
In 1944, John Heard, actor (Pelican Brief, CHUD, Radio Flyer, Big)
In 1944, Sivi Aberg, actress (Batman TV show)
In 1945, Robin Strasser, NYC, actress (Dorian-One Life to Live, Another World)
In 1945, Wim A Mateman, Dutch MP (CDA)
In 1946, Bill Danoff, Springfield Mass, vocalist (Starland Vocal Band)
In 1946, Bill Kreutzmann, drummer (Grateful Dead)
In 1946, Richard L Brodsky, US lawyer/NY State Assemblyman (D) (1983- )
In 1948, Peter Wingfield, Wales, rocker/actor (Methos-Highlander)
In 1949, Marilyn Cole, Portsmouth England, playmate of the year (Jan, 1972)
In 1949, Stuart Marshall, director (Desire)
In 1950, Janis Ian, [Fink], NYC, rock vocalist (At 17, Society's Child)
In 1950, Prairie Prince, rocker (Tubes)
In 1951, David Whitton, campaigner
In 1951, Robert Hegyes, NJ, actor (Underground Aces, Welcome Back Kotter)
In 1952, Amy Heckerling, Bronx, dir (Fast Times at Ridgemont High, Clueless)
In 1952, Derek Taylor, rocker (Let it Be, Beatles Anthology)
In 1953, Paul Thomas, [Tobias], XXX director/actor (Showgirls)
In 1955, Peter Reckell, Elkhart, actor (Days of our Lifes)
In 1957, Shauna McDonald Brown, TV producer
In 1957, [Christopher St John] "Sinjin" Smith, LA CA, volleyballer (Oly-96)
In 1959, Michael E Knight, Princeton NJ, actor (Date with Angel, All My Child)
In 1959, Robin L Freeman, St Charles MO, PGA golfer (1993 Northern Telecom-3rd)
In 1959, Tamara E Jernigan, Chattoonaga, PhD/astro (STS 40, 52, 67, 80)
In 1960, Arnon Ohad, co-pilot (El Al) plane that crashed on Bijlmer Amsterdam
In 1961, Linda Somers, Bitburg Germany, US marathoner (Olympics-31st-96)
In 1962, Robbie Knievel, daredevil, son of Evel (Chips Something Special)
In 1964, Leslie O'Neal, NFL defensive end (SD Chargers, St Louis Rams)
In 1964, Mustapha Zerqti, Moroccan/Neth writer (Ihtidaar hub fi el-mahd)
In 1964, Ronnie Harmon, NFL running back (SD Chargers, Tennessee Oilers)
In 1965, Reuben Davis, NFL defensive tackle (SD Chargers)
In 1966, Anderson Cummins, cricketer (in Packer's Valley Barbados & WI quickie)
In 1968, Joe King, NFL safety (Oakland Raiders)
In 1968, Traci Lords, [Nora L Kuzma], Steubenville Oh, XXX actress (Cry Baby)
In 1969, Katerina Maleeva, Bulgaria, tennis player (US Open Junior 1984)
In 1969, Melanie Valerio, 400m freestyle swimmer (Olympics-96)
In 1970, Edwin Zoetebier, Dutch soccer player (FC Volendam)
In 1970, Mark Smith, Pasadena CA, outfielder (Baltimore Orioles)
In 1970, Sebastien Britten, Brossard Que, figure skater (1995 Canadian Champ)
In 1971, Cameron McFadzean, Melbourne VIC Australia, canoeist (Olympics-96)
In 1971, Dave Karpa, Regina, NHL defenseman (Anaheim Mighty Ducks)
In 1971, Jos‚ Munoz, WLAF offensive tackle (Rhein Fire)
In 1971, Rondell Jones, NFL safety (Denver Broncos, Baltimore Ravens)
In 1972, Chris Hayes, safety (NY Jets)
In 1972, John Holecek, NFL linebacker (Buffalo Bills)
In 1972, Vince Stewart, WLAF defensive tackle (Barcelona Dragons)
In 1973, Dameian Jeffries, NFL defensive end (NO Saints)
In 1973, Kristian Lundin, record producer
In 1974, Scott Whittaker, center/tackle (Oakland Raiders)
In 1975, Jason Tunks, London Ontario, discus thrower (Olympics-96)
In 1976, Nicholas Butcher, LA Ca, field hockey midfielder/forward (Olympics-96)
In 1977, Marko Milic, NBA guard (Phoenix Suns)
In 1987, Katie Danza, daughter of Tony & Tracy Danza

Sorry to see these people go:
In , Marwan I ibn al-Hakam, 4th kalief of Omajjaden (684-85), dies
In , Otto I the Great, Holy Roman Emperor (962-973), dies at 60
In 1166, Willem I, the Bad, king of Sicily (1154-66)
In 1205, Ladislaus III Arpad, King of Hungary (1204-05), dies at 5 or 6
In 1523, Franz von Sickingen, Germ knight/protect of poor, dies of wounds at 42
In 1617, David Fabricius, German astronomer, dies at 53
In 1667, Johann Jakob Froberger, German organist/singer/composer, dies at 50
In 1671, Edward Montagu, English baron Kimbolton, dies at about 68
In 1671, Pieter Stockmans, Flemish chairman of Opperkrijgshof, dies at 62
In 1673, Johannes Teellinck, Dutch vicar, dies at about 58
In 1736, John Weldon, composer, dies at 60
In 1792, Aert Schouman, Dutch bird/portrait painter, dies at 82
In 1793, Johan A Zoutman, Dutch lt admiral (battle of Doggersbank), dies at 68
In 1793, Pietro Nardini, composer, dies at 71
In 1800, Laurens P van Spiegel, regent/pension advisor (1787-95), dies at 64
In 1800, Niccol• Piccinni, Italian composer (Roland), dies at 72
In 1814, Franz Volrath Buttstett, composer, dies at 79
In 1818, Leopold Jan Antonin Kozeluh, composer, dies at 70
In 1825, Antonio Salieri, Italian composer, dies in Vienna at 74
In 1836, Norbert Burgmuller, composer, dies at 26
In 1863, Amiel Weeks Whipple, US Union gen-major, dies of injuries at 46
In 1871, Louis Papineau, political reformer, dies
In 1876, Franz count of Pocci, German artist/composer (Alchemist), dies at 69
In 1884, Judah P Benjamin, confederate minister of War, dies at 72
In 1900, Richard Storrs Willis, composer, dies at 81
In 1904, Peter Hille, writer, dies
In 1914, Edward Mollenhauer, composer, dies at 87
In 1915, Alfred G Vanderbilt, US millionaire, dies aboard Lusitania
In 1915, Alfred Scott Witherbee Jr, US Lusitania officer, dies
In 1915, Charles Frohman, dies aboard Lusitania
In 1928, Alexander Afanasii Spendiaryan, composer, dies at 56
In 1929, Albert Anselmi, US gangster, murdered by Al Capone
In 1929, John Scalise, US gangster, murdered by Al Capone
In 1929, Joseph "Top Toad" Giunta, US gangster, murdered by Al Capone
In 1932, Albert Thomas, French social minister of Weapon production, dies
In 1934, Edward Naylor, composer, dies at 67
In 1941, David Wijnkoop, revolutionary socialist, dies
In 1942, Felix Paul von Weingartner, Austria conductor/composer, dies at 79
In 1946, Anton A Mussert, engineer/NSB leader, executed
In 1946, Joe Humphries, cricket wicket keeper (3 Tests for Engld 1907-08), dies
In 1951, Warner Baxter, dies at 62
In 1953, Ormerod Pearse, cricketer (55 runs & 3 wkts in 3 Tests for S Af), dies
In 1958, Nyogen Senzaki, 1st Zen teacher to reside in USA, dies at 81
In 1962, Jimmy Conlin, dies at 77
In 1967, Judith Evelyn, dies of cancer at 54
In 1968, Lurleen Burns, wife of George Wallace/gov of Alabama, dies at 41
In 1970, Carlos Estrada, composer, dies at 60
In 1971, Willem Banning, Dutch theologist/sociologist (Karl Marx), dies at 83
In 1977, Irwin Fischer, composer, dies at 73
In 1981, Mieczyslaw Kolinski, composer, dies at 79
In 1982, Alfred Adam, dies at 72
In 1983, Peter Edel, writer, dies
In 1985, Dawn Addams, actress (Alan Young Show, Star Maidens), dies at 54
In 1986, Gaston Deferre, French politician, dies at 75
In 1987, Colin Blakely, dies at 56
In 1988, Harris Glenn Divine, dies of natural causes at 42
In 1989, Guy Williams, actor (Zorro, Lost in Space), dies in Argentina at 65
In 1990, Jessica James, actress (Spring Break), dies of breast cancer at 60
In 1993, Mary Philbin, actress (Phantom of the Opera), dies at 89
In 1994, Clement Greenberg, US art critic (Art & Culture), dies at 85
In 1994, Margaret Skeete, oldest American, dies at 115
In 1995, Ernest H Martin, impressario, dies at 75
In 1995, Lawrence Josset, engraver, dies at 84
In 1995, Maria Luisa Bemberg, fil maker, dies at 73
In 1995, Ray McKinley, drummer, dies at 84
In 1996, Albert Meltzer, anarchist, dies at 76
In 1996, Henry Diamond, Irish Nationalist MP, dies at 87
In 1996, Howard Frank Trayton Smith, diplomat/head of MI5, dies at 76

In 1274, 2nd Council of Lyons (14th ecumenical council) opens
In 1355, 1,200 Jews of Toledo Spain killed by Count Henry of Trastamara
In 1416, Monk Nicolaas Serrurier arrested because of heresy at Tournay
In 1429, English siege of Orl‚ans broken by Joan of Arc
In 1579, Congress of Cologne forms in Netherlands
In 1624, Admiral Hermites conquering fleet reaches Callao the Lima, Peru
In 1638, Cornelis S Goyer takes possession of Mauritius (uninhabited)
In 1660, Isaack B Fubine of Savoy, in The Hague, patents macaroni
In 1663, Theatre Royal in Drury Lane London opens
In 1700, William Penn began monthly meetings for Blacks advocating emancipation
In 1727, Jews are expelled from Ukraine by Empress Catherine I of Russia
In 1748, French troops conquer Maastricht
In 1765, Adm Nelsons sailboat HMS Victory runs aground
In 1771, Samuel Hearne explores Copper Mine River of Canada
In 1775, Turkish state of Bukovina secedes from Austria
In 1789, 1st inaugurational ball (for George Washington in NYC)
In 1792, Capt Robert Gray discovers Grays Harbor (Washington)
In 1800, Indiana Territory organized
In 1824, Beethoven's 9th (Chorale) Symphony, premieres in Vienna
In 1832, Greece becomes independent republic
In 1832, Otto of Bavaria is chosen king of Greece
In 1840, Tornado strikes Natchez Miss, kills 317
In 1847, American Medical Association organizes (Phila)
In 1848, Prussians stop insurrection in Varsovia
In 1856, Argentine & Brazilian sign a navigation pact
In 1861, Riot occurs between prosecessionist & Union supporters in Knoxville TN
In 1862, Battle of West Point, VA (Eltham's Landing, Barnhamsville)
In 1862, Much of Enschede Neth destroyed by fire
In 1864, Battle of Wilderness ends (total losses: USA-17,666; CSA-7,500)
In 1864, Skirmish at Port Walthall Junction Virginia (Drewry's Bluff)
In 1866, German premier Otto von Bismarck seriously wounded in assassin attempt
In 1867, Blacks stage ride-in to protest segregation in New Orleans
In 1873, US marines attack Panama
In 1875, German SS Schiller sinks near Scilly Islands, 312 killed
In 1877, Cin Enquirer, 1st uses term "Bullpen" to indicate foul territory
In 1885, John E W Thompson, named minister to Haiti
In 1888, Edouard Lalo's opera "Le roi d'Ys," premieres in Paris
In 1888, George Eastman patents "Kodak box camera"
In 1891, Battle in Bunyoro: Capt F Lugard stops Moslem rebellion, 300 killed
In 1902, L Carnera discovers asteroid #485 Genua
In 1902, Soufriere volcano on St Vincent kills 2-5,000
In 1904, Flexible Flyer trademark registered
In 1904, R S Dugan discovers asteroid #535 Montague
In 1907, Charles Collier wins 1st Isle of Man TT Race: (38.22 mph)
In 1909, Construction begins on first 100 houses in Ahuzat Bayit (Tel Aviv)
In 1910, 35th Preakness: R Estep aboard Layminster wins in 1:40.6
In 1912, Columbia University approves plans for awarding the Pulitzer Prize
In 1912, in several categories The award is established by Joseph Pulitzer
In 1913, British House of Commons rejects woman's right to vote
In 1914, US Congress establishes mother's day
In 1914, Woodrow Wilson's daughter Eleanor marries in White House
In 1915, Lusitania sunk by German submarine; 1198 lives lost
In 1917, Red Sox Babe Ruth beats Wash Senator Walter Johnson, 1-0
In 1920, USSR recognizes Georgia's independence
In 1921, 47th Kentucky Derby: Charles Thompson on Behave Yourself wins 2:04.2
In 1922, Belgian soccer team defeats Netherlands: 1-2
In 1922, NY Giant Jesse Barnes no-hits Phillies, 2-0
In 1923, Mine strike at Belgian Borinage railroad
In 1924, Peruvian Torre forms APRA, Alianza Popular Revolutionaria Americana
In 1925, Phillies have their 8th game postponed in a row
In 1925, Pirate shortstop Glenn Wright makes an unassisted triple play
In 1927, SF Municipal Airport (Mills Field) dedicated
In 1928, England lowers age of women voters from 30 to 21
In 1928, Pulitzer prize awarded to Thornton Wilder for (Bridge of San Luis Rey)
In 1929, G Neujmin discovers asteroid #1146 Biarmia
In 1930, Duleepsinhji scores 333 for Sussex v Northants in 330 mins
In 1932, 58th Kentucky Derby: Eugene James aboard Burgoo King wins in 2:05.2
In 1932, C Jackson discovers asteroids #1243 Pamela & #1321 Majuba
In 1934, Neth Princess Juliana opens Juliana Canal
In 1934, Part of Khabarovsk becomes a Jewish Autnomous Region
In 1934, Pulitzer prize awarded to Sidney Kingsley (Men in White)
In 1934, World's largest pearl (6.4 kg) found at Palawan, Philippines
In 1938, Dutch Minister of Justice Goseling calls fugitives of nazi-Germany
In 1938, "undesired strangers"
In 1938, 64th Kentucky Derby: Eddie Arcaro aboard Lawrin wins in 2:04.8
In 1939, Germany & Italy announced an alliance known as the Rome-Berlin Axis
In 1940, Winston Churchill becomes PM of Britain
In 1941, British House of Commons votes for Churchill (477-3)
In 1941, Cornerstone of B of A building at 300 Montgomery laid
In 1941, Glenn Miller records "Chattanooga Choo Choo" for RCA
In 1942, Battle of Coral Sea ends stopping Japanese expansion
In 1942, Nazi decree orders all Jewish pregnant women of Kovno Ghetto executed
In 1943, British 11th Huzaren occupies Tunis Tunisia
In 1943, Dutch men 18-35 obliged to report to labor camps
In 1943, Liberty Ship George Washington Carver, named after scientist, launched
In 1943, US 1st Armour division occupies Ferryville Tunisia
In 1943, US 9th Infantry division occupies Bizerta/Bensert Tunisia
In 1944, German assault on Tito's hideout in Drvar Bosnia
In 1945, Branch Rickey announces formation of the US Negro Baseball League
In 1945, British troops pull into Utrecht Neth
In 1945, Formal undertaking of complete German surrender
In 1945, Mauthausen Concentration Camp liberated
In 1945, Nazi generals Jodl & Von Friedenburg surrender
In 1945, Princess Irene Brigade moves into the Hague Neth
In 1945, Pulitzer prize awarded to John Hersey (Bell for Adano)
In 1945, SS open fire on crowd in Amsterdam, killing 22
In 1946, William H Hastie inaugurated as 1st black governor of Virgin Islands
In 1947, "Kraft Television Theater" premieres on NBC
In 1947, General MacArthur approves Japanese constitution
In 1947, Paraguayian govt unleashes contra revolt
In 1948, Nazi collaborator V-Mann Antonius van de Waals sentence to death
In 1949, 75th Kentucky Derby: Steve Brooks aboard Ponder wins in 2:04.2
In 1951, Intl Olympic committee allows Russia to participate in 1952 Olympics
In 1951, Pulitzer prize awarded to Conrad Richter (The Town)
In 1953, "Can Can" opens at Shubert Theater NYC for 892 performances
In 1953, Record 537-kg swordfish is caught by LE Marron, in Chile
In 1954, French surrender to Vietminh after 55-day siege at Dien Bien Phu
In 1954, US, Great-Britain & France reject Russian membership in NATO
In 1955, 81st Kentucky Derby: Bill Shoemaker aboard Swaps wins in 2:01.8
In 1955, USSR signs peace treaty with France & Great-Britain
In 1955, West Europe Union established
In 1956, Battle at Oran, Algeria, kills 300
In 1956, NY Giant Bill White, homers in his 1st at bat
In 1956, Pulitzer prize awarded to Frances Goodrich & Albert Hackett
In 1957, Indians' pitcher Herb Score is hit by a line drive off Gil McDougald
In 1957, Maj Johnson, USAAF flies a Lockheed Starfight to 17.28 miles (27.8 K)
In 1958, Howard Johnson sets aircraft altitude record in F-104, 27,810 m
In 1959, "Roy Campanella Night" Largest baseball crowd (93,103 in LA Coliseum)
In 1959, sees Dodgers' Sandy Koufax beat Yankees 6-2 in exhibition
In 1960, "Christine" closes at 46th St Theater NYC after 12 performances
In 1960, "Flower Drum Song" closes at St James Theater NYC after 602 perfs
In 1960, "From A to Z" closes at Plymouth Theater NYC after 21 performances
In 1960, 86th Kentucky Derby: Bill Hartack on Venetian Way wins in 2:02.4
In 1960, Dodgers Larry & Norm Sherry are baseball's 10th brother battery
In 1960, LA Dodger Norm Sherry's 11th HR wins the game for brother Larry
In 1960, Leonid Brezhnev replaces Kliment Voroshilov as pres of USSR
In 1960, Michael Tal beats Botvinnik 12«-8« for world chess championship
In 1960, USSR announces Francis Gary Powers confessed to being a CIA spy
In 1961, "Young Abe Lincoln" closes at Eugene O'Neill NYC after 27 perfs
In 1961, Ruth Jessen wins LPGA Peach Blossom Golf Open
In 1962, Pulitzer prize awarded to Theodore H White (Making of President 1960)
In 1962, US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Christmas Island
In 1963, Bruno Sammartino becomes WWF champ
In 1963, SETC Telstar 2 launched (apogee 6,700 miles (10,800 km))
In 1965, WAOW TV channel 9 in Wausau, WI (ABC) begins broadcasting
In 1966, 92nd Kentucky Derby: Donald Brumfield aboard Kauai King wins in 2:02
In 1966, Mamas & Papas "Monday Monday" hits #1
In 1966, Yankees fire manager Johnny Keene
In 1967, Carol Mann wins LPGA Tall City Golf Open
In 1969, 2nd ABA championship: Oakland Oaks beat Indiana Pacers, 4 games to 1
In 1969, Lt General Robert E Cushman, Jr, USMC, becomes deputy director of CIA
In 1970, "Long & Winding Road" becomes Beatles' last American release
In 1972, 26th NBA Championship: LA Lakers beat NY Knicks, 4 games to 1
In 1972, Betty Burfeindt wins Sealy LPGA Golf Classic
In 1973, Pulitzer prize awarded to Eudora Welty (Optimist's Daughter)
In 1974, Pulitzer prize awarded to Robert Lowell (Dolphin)
In 1975, Flyers 3-Isles 4 (OT)-Semifinals-Flyers hold 3-1 lead
In 1975, Pres Ford declares an end to "Vietnam Era"
In 1975, Small Astronomy Satellite Explorer 53 launched to study X-rays
In 1977, "Happy End" opens at Martin Beck Theater NYC for 75 performances
In 1977, 103rd Kentucky Derby: Jean Cruguet on Seattle Slew wins in 2:02.2
In 1979, 5th UNCTAD-conference opens in Manila
In 1979, Gary Roenicke hits into Orioles 13th triple play (Oakland)
In 1980, Josip Tito, Yugoslav president, buried
In 1980, Samm-Art Williams' "Home," premieres in NYC
In 1982, "Is There Life after High School?" opens at Barrymore NYC for 12 perfs
In 1982, Federal jury rules NFL violates antitrust laws in preventing
In 1982, IBM releases PC-DOS version 1.1
In 1982, Oakland Raiders to move to LA
In 1982, US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
In 1983, 109th Kentucky Derby: Ed Delahoussaye on Sunny's Halo wins in 2:02.2
In 1983, August Hoffman performs record 29,051 consecutive sit-ups
In 1983, Bruins 4-Isles 8-Wales Conf Championship-Isles win series 4-2
In 1984, $180m out-of-court settlement reached in Agent Orange suit
In 1984, Sharon Barrett wins LPGA Potamkin Cadillac Golf Classic
In 1986, Bucharest wins 31st Europe Cup I
In 1986, Phillies outfielder Garry Maddox, retires
In 1987, 105øF in Sacramento, CA
In 1987, Diane Chambers' (Shelley Long) final episode on Cheers
In 1988, 114th Kentucky Derby: Gary Stevens on Winning Colors wins in 2:02.2
In 1988, T Seki discovers asteroid #4223 Shikoku
In 1988, USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
In 1989, Juli Inkster wins LPGA Crestar Golf Classic
In 1989, Mark Merrony (Wales) cycles for 30 mins in Nepal at 21,030 feet
In 1989, Panamanian voters reject dictator Manuel Noriega's bid for presidency
In 1991, E F Helin discovers asteroid #6249 Jennifer
In 1991, France performs nuclear test at Muruora Island
In 1991, Haryana beat Bombay in the Ranji Cricket Trophy final by 2 runs
In 1991, N Kawasato discovers asteroid #5336
In 1991, R H McNaught discovers asteroid #5380
In 1992, 5 NYC cops arrested in Hauppauge Long Island for selling cocaine
In 1992, Constitutional amendment barring mid-term congressional raises passes
In 1992, Jockey Angel Cordero retires after winning over 7,000 horse races
In 1992, US space shuttle STS-49 launched (maiden voyage of Endeavour)
In 1993, South Africa agrees to multi-racial elections
In 1994, 120th Kentucky Derby: Chris McCarron on Go For Gin wins in 2:03.6
In 1994, Denver Nuggets become NBA's 1st #8 seed to beat a #1 seed (Seattle)
In 1994, Edvard Munchs painting "The Scream" recovered 3 months after stolen
In 1994, Gary Hart's girlfriend Donna Rice (36) weds Jack Hughes (42)
In 1994, K Endate & K Watanabe discover asteroid #6745
In 1994, Matlock actor Daniel Roebuck (30) weds Kelly Durst (24)
In 1995, "On the Waterfront" closes at Atkinson Theater NYC after 8 perfs
In 1995, Jacques Chirac wins French presidential election
In 1995, Michelle McGann wins LPGA Sara Lee Golf Classic
In 1995, Twins beat Indians 10-9 in 17 innings, 6 hours & 36 minutes
In 1996, Comedian Martin Lawrence suffers a nervous breakdown
In 1997, Expos scores 13 in 6th at Giants
In 1997, Galileo, 4th Ganymede Flyby (Orbit 8)

[Dahomey] Anniversary of Presidential Council
[New Orleans] McDonogh Day (1850)
[Scotland] Spring Day
[Thailand] State Ploughing Ceremony Day
[Zambia] Labour Day

In 1079, [old RC] Feast of St Stanislaus, bishop, martyr, patron of Poland
In 1998, [Moslem] Ashura (Muharram 10, 1419 AH)
In 2003, [Jewish] Yom Haatzmaut (Iyyar 5, 5763)
In 2015, [Jewish] Lag B'Omer-Love for Holy Land Day (Iyyar 18, 5775)
In 2034, [Jewish] Lag B'Omer-Love for Holy Land Day (Iyyar 18, 5794)
In 2043, [Jewish] Yom Hashoah-Holocaust Memorial Day (Nis 27, 5803)
[Christian-Bruges Belgium] Holy Blood Procession
[Christian] May Fellowship Day (Church Woman United)
[RC] Domitanus, bishop of Tongeren/Maastricht
[RC] Flavia Domitilla, Roman saint
[RC] Stanislaus, bishop of Krak¢w/patron of Poland

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 202 of 402: the history of spring (sprin5) * Sun, May  7, 2000 (11:04) * 1 lines 
How did Willem I get the nickname "the bad"?

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 203 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Sun, May  7, 2000 (12:12) * 1 lines 
Let me check and get back to you on that. It struck me as curious, too. In those days, bad did not imply super-good!

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 204 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Sun, May  7, 2000 (12:22) * 14 lines

HM Willem I Frederik King of the Netherlands, Prince of Orange-Nassau, Grand Duke of Luxembourg, etc., etc., etc.2
(Born as: Willem Frederik Prince of Orange-Nassau) (Between April 9th, 1806 and December 2nd, 1813:) HH Willem Frederik Prince of
Orange and Prince of Nassau, Count of Katzenelnbogen, Vianden, Diez, Spiegelberg, Buren, Leerdam and Culemborg
(Since his abdication:) HM King Willem Frederik Count of Nassau * Huis ten Bosch Palace near The Hague, August 24th, 1772
† Palace at 36 Unter den Linden (a.k.a. "Dutch Palace"), Berlin, December 12th, 1843 Governor of Breda 1790 (deprived of his commission when he went into exile following the French invasion of the Netherlands, January 18th, 1795); Reigning Prince of Fulda, Count of Corvey, Weingarten, Dortmund, Isny and Buchhorn 1802-1807; Reigning Prince of Nassau in Diez, Dillenburg, Siegen and Hadamar 1806-1807 and 1813-1815; Count of Spiegelberg 1806-1819 Sovereign Prince of the Netherlands (proclaimed: Amsterdam, December 2nd, 1813; inaugurated: New Church, Amsterdam, March 30th, 1814); King of the Netherlands (proclaimed: March 16th, 1815; inaugurated: Brussels,
September 21st, 1815; abdicated: The Loo Palace near Apeldoorn, October 7th, 1840); Grand Duke of Luxembourg,
June 9th, 1815 (abdicated: The Loo Palace near Apeldoorn, October 7th, 1840)
General of the Infantry of the Republic of the United Netherlands 1790 (deprived of his commission when he went into
exile following the French invasion of the Netherlands, January 18th, 1795); General in the Army of Prussia 1806-1807

This is the guy, but nothing about his being "Bad" or why. Married lots and fooled around even more apparently from his list of children!

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 205 of 402: spring today (sprin5) * Sun, May  7, 2000 (16:15) * 1 lines 
Well he "went into exile".

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 206 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Sun, May  7, 2000 (16:21) * 1 lines 
...that bad?!

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 207 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Sun, May  7, 2000 (21:56) * 0 lines 

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 208 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Sun, May  7, 2000 (23:48) * 478 lines 
On May 08 - 128th day of year with 237 days left (Numerology = 4)

Happy Birthday to:
In 1078, Cindy Parlow, Memphis Tenn, soccer forward (Olympics-96)
In 1492, Andreas Alciatus, [Giovanni Andrea-Alciato], Italian lawyer
In 1521, Peter Canisius, [Pieter de Hondt/Kanijs], jesuit/saint
In 1527, Johann Walter, composer
In 1592, Francis Quarles, English poet (Argalus & Parthenia, Emblems)
In 1629, Niels Juel, Danish admiral (Oland, Moen, Kj”gebocht)
In 1641, Nicolaas Witsen, etcher/mayor (Amsterdam)
In 1668, Alain R Lesage, French author (Turcaret ou le Financier)
In 1673, Johann Valentin Eckelt, composer
In 1703, Gottlob Harrer, composer
In 1737, Edward Gibbon, England, historian (Decline & Fall of Roman Empire)
In 1742, Johann Baptist Krumpholtz, composer
In 1745, Carl Philipp Stamitz, composer
In 1750, Elias Mann, composer
In 1753, Miguel Hidalgo y Castilla, father of M‚xican independence
In 1763, John Goldberg, Dutch patriot/statesman
In 1778, Johann Gansbacher, composer
In 1786, Thomas Hancock, founded British rubber industry
In 1803, Joseph Napoleon Ney Moskova, composer
In 1806, Jan Bedrich Kittl, composer
In 1810, James Cooper, Brig General (Union volunteers), died in 1863
In 1814, Mikhail Alexandrovich Bakunin, anarchist
In 1824, William Walker, filibuster/president of Nicaragua (1856-57)
In 1828, Jean Henri Dunant, Switz, writer/founder (Red Cross, YMCA, Nobel 1901)
In 1829, Louis Moreau Gottschalk, 1st internationally recognized US pianist
In 1833, Frank Wheaton, Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1903
In 1836, Bryan Morel Thomas, Brig General (Confederate Army), died in 1905
In 1839, Francis W Warre-Cornish, English vice-provost of Eton/writer
In 1842, Emil C Hansen, Danish physiologist
In 1844, Hermann Gradener, composer
In 1846, Oscar Hammerstein, Germany, opera/playwright (Kohinoor)
In 1853, Charles Lee Williams, composer
In 1857, Frits [Frederik H] Tartaud, Dutch actor/husband of Alida Klein
In 1858, John Meade Falkner, novelist (Moonfleet)
In 1871, [mile M] Louis Madelin, French historian (French revolutionary)
In 1873, Henry Leveson-Gower, cricketer (England capt 1909-10 later official)
In 1882, Philips C Visser, Dutch explorer/diplomat
In 1884, Harry S Truman, Lamar Missouri, 33rd US President (D) (1945-1953)
In 1886, Jef van Hoof, composer
In 1891, Chet "Red" Hoff, pitcher (NY Yankees 1911-15), lived to 103+
In 1892, Ezio Pinza, Rome Italy, bass singer (South Pacific, RCA Victor Show)
In 1893, Francis Quimet, Mass shop asst who won golf's US Open (1913)
In 1895, Edmund Wilson, American critic/writer (Patriotic Gore)
In 1895, Fulton J Sheen, El Paso Ill, bishop (Life is Worth Living)
In 1895, Jos‚ G¢mez, [Joselito el Gallo], bullfighter
In 1899, Jan F van Hall, Dutch sculptor/resistance fighter
In 1899, [Friedrich] August von Hayek, Aust/British economist (Road to Serfdom)
In 19--, Mark Blankfield, Pasadena Tx, comedian (Fridays, Good & Evil)
In 19--, Reid Smith, Burbank Calif, actor (Chase, Chisholms)
In 19--, Tanya Storm, XXX actress (Prince of Lies)
In 1902, Andre Michel Lwoff, physiologist
In 1902, Milford "Curly" Page, cricketer (NZ bat early 1930's, All Black half)
In 1903, Fernandel, [Fernand JD Contandin], French actor (Paris Holiday)
In 1903, Joseph Desire Fernandel, Marseilles France, comedian (Grand Chef)
In 1904, John Derrick Mordaunt Snagge, bBC news announcer/commentator
In 1904, John Snagge, commentator (BBC)
In 1905, Inglis Gundry, composer
In 1906, David Van Vactor, Plymouth Indiana, composer (Chaconne)
In 1906, Roberto Rossellini, Rome Italy, director (Open City)
In 1908, Arturo De Cordova, [Rodriguez], Merida Mexico, actor (Medal for Benny)
In 1910, Mary Lou Williams, US jazz pianist/composer (Zodiac Suite)
In 1910, Ronald Russell, actor/manager (We are Angels, Little Dorrit)
In 1911, Robert Johnson, blues singer (King of Delta Blues Singer)
In 1911, Wilhelm F de Gaay Fortman, Dutch lawyer/foreign minister
In 1912, George Woodcock, author
In 1912, Gertrud Fussenegger, [Dorn], Austrian writer (Mohrenlegende)
In 1913, Sidney James, [Cohen], Johannesburg, actor (Carry On)
In 1914, Lord Murton, of Lindisfrarne, deputy chairman (Comm House of Lords)
In 1915, John Archer, Osceola Nebraska, actor (Destination: Moon)
In 1916, Gordon Scarrott, engineer
In 1919, Sultan Ismail Hajibeyov, composer
In 1920, Maurice Cranston, political scientist
In 1920, Sloan Wilson, Norwalk, Conn, novelist (Man in the Gray Flannal
In 1921, Graham Leonard, bishop of London
In 1921, Saul Bass, designer
In 1922, Brian Kellett, CEO (Port of London Authority)
In 1922, Friedrich D”ppe, writer
In 1924, Tristan Jones, sailor
In 1925, Ali Hassan Mwinyi, president of Tanzania (1985- )
In 1925, Lord Jauncey of Tullichettle, lord of appeal in ordinary
In 1926, David Attenborough, naturalist
In 1926, David Attenborough, producer/TV host/scientist
In 1926, Don Rickles, Queens NY, comedian (Don Rickles Show, CPO Sharkey)
In 1926, Erico Menczer, Fiume Italy, cinematographer (Chosen, Miranda)
In 1926, Richard F Attenborough, environmentalist/zoologist (BBC)
In 1926, Ronald Waterhouse, high court judge
In 1927, Ian Denholm, CEO (Murray Investment Trust)
In 1927, Philip Wilkinson, deputy chairman (National Westminster Bank)
In 1928, Theodore Sorenson, presidential advisor (JFK)/author (1000 Days)
In 1928, William Jay Sydeman, composer
In 1929, V N M Korte-van Hemel, Dutch Secretary of Justice (CDA)
In 1930, Doug Atkins, Humbolt Tn, NFL hall of famer (Browns, Bears, Saints)
In 1930, Gary Snyder, [Japhy Ryder], beat poet (Rip Rap & Cold Mountain Poems)
In 1930, Heather Harper, soprano
In 1931, Charles M Wilson, composer
In 1933, Alistair Service, writer/publisher
In 1934, Leonard Hoffmann, high court judge
In 1934, Roger Kendrick, governor (Dartmoor Prison)
In 1934, Sonny Liston, US heavyweight boxing chmap (1962-64)
In 1935, Jack Charlton, soccer manager (Rep of Ireland)
In 1935, Salome Jens, Milwaukee Wisc, actress (From Here to Eternity)
In 1935, Viscount Falkland, British peer (Lib-Dem)
In 1936, James Darren, actor (Time Tunnel)
In 1936, Neville Purvis, British vice admiral (Chief of Fleet Support)
In 1937, Dani‰l Robberechts, Belgian writer (Labia Majora)
In 1937, Dennis DeConcini, (Sen-D-AZ, 1977- )
In 1937, Michael Simmons, Air Marshal (British Ministry of Defense)
In 1937, Thomas Pynchon, novelist (V)
In 1938, Javed Burki, cricketer (Pakistani batsman in 25 Tests 1960-69)
In 1938, Pierre Lucien Claverie, bishop of Oran
In 1939, Otis Paul Drayton, Glen Cove NY, 4x100m runner (Olympic-gold-1964)
In 1940, James Blyth, CEO (Boots)
In 1940, Peter Benchley, NYC, novelist (Jaws, The Deep)
In 1940, Ricky Nelson, NJ, rock star (Hello Mary Lou, It's Late, Garden Party)
In 1941, James A Traficant Jr, (Rep-D-OH, 1985- )
In 1941, Jim Mitchum, Bridgeport CT, actor (Blackout, Invincible 6)
In 1941, John Fred, rocker
In 1942, Angel Cordero Jr, Santurce PR, jockey (Seattle Slew) [or Nov 8]
In 1942, Euclid "Motorhead" Sherwood, rocker (Mothers Of Invention)
In 1942, Norman Lamont, MP/Chancellor of Exchequer
In 1942, Robin Hobbs, cricketer (England leg-spinner 1967-71)
In 1942, Ruth Holland, journalist
In 1943, Paul Samwell-Smith, rocker (Yardbirds-For Your Love)
In 1943, Rick Samwell-Smith, rocker (Yardbirds-For Your Love)
In 1943, Toni Tennille, Montgomery Ala, female Beachboy (Capt & Tennille)
In 1944, Gary Glitter, [Paul Gadd], England, rocker (Rock & Roll Part II)
In 1945, Arthur Docters van Leeuwen, jurist (Holland's secret service)
In 1945, Keith Jarrett, jazz musician/film composer (Nachtfahrer)
In 1947, Felicity Lott, English soprano (We come to the river)
In 1947, Phil Sawyer, rocker (Spencer Davis Group)
In 1947, Rick Zehringer, Ohio, rocker (McCoys)
In 1948, John Reid, MP
In 1948, Maurizio Nichetti, actor (Icicle Thief, Volcano)
In 1951, Chris Frantz, Ky, rock drummer (Talking Heads, Tom Tom Club)
In 1951, Deborah Harmon, actress (Ted Knight Show, M*A*S*H, Just the 10 of Us)
In 1951, Philip Bailey, rocker (Earth Wind & Fire-Shining Star, Easy Lover)
In 1952, Beth Henley, Jackson Miss, actress/playwright (Miss Firecracker)
In 1952, Charles J Camarda, NYC, PhD/astronaut
In 1954, David Keith, Knoxville Tenn, actor (Back Roads, Firestarter)
In 1954, Pat Meyers, LPGA golfer
In 1955, Alex Van Halen, Nijmegen Neth, rock drummer (Van Halen-1984, Jump)
In 1955, Stephen Furst, Norfolk Va, actor (Animal House, Elliot-St Elsewhere)
In 1956, Gary Wilmot, British? entertainer
In 1956, Jeff Madrigali, Walnut Creek Calif, soling yachter (Olymp-bronze-96)
In 1957, Deana Deardruff, US, 4 X 100m swimmer (Olympic-gold-1972)
In 1957, Jeff Wincott, Toronto Canada, actor (Night Heat)
In 1959, Ronnie Lott, Albuquerque, NM, NFL defensive back (SF 49er)
In 1961, Riaz Poonawalla, cricketer (Indian 12th man/UAE bat 1994 ICC Trophy)
In 1962, Terry Baker, CFL kicker (Montreal Alouettes)
In 1963, Clemens Lothaller, Austria, cosmonaut (Soyuz TM-13 backup)
In 1964, Cheryl Richardson, Palo Alto Calif, actress (Jennie-General Hospital)
In 1964, Eric Brittingham, rocker (Cinderella-Heartbreak Station)
In 1964, Melissa Gilbert Brinkman, LA, actress (Little House on the Prairie)
In 1964, Peter Gill, rocker (Frankie Goes to Hollywood-Relax) [or Mar/Jan 8]
In 1966, Eddie Brown, CFL slot back (Edmonton Eskimos)
In 1967, Jamie Summers, [Cindy Sterling], XXX actress (Army Brat, Brat)
In 1968, Franklin Langham, Augusta GA, Nike golfer (1993 Permian Basin Open)
In 1968, John Johnson, NFL linebacker (NO Saints)
In 1968, Omar Camporese, Italy, tennis star
In 1969, Brad Culpepper, NFL defensive tackle (Tampa Bay Bucs)
In 1969, Duane Forde, CFL fullback (Calgary Stampeders)
In 1969, Swift Burch, CFL defensive end (Montreal Alouettes)
In 1970, Christine Stark, Winnipeg Manitoba, volleyballer (Olympics-96)
In 1970, Marco Heering, soccer player (Go Ahead Eagles)
In 1970, Michael Bevan, cricketer (dashing NSW & Australian lefty bat)
In 1971, Carlos Brooks, NFL cornerback (Arizona Cardinals)
In 1971, Chris Wolf, actor/musician (Guys Next Door)
In 1971, Stephen Ingram, NFL tackle/guard (Tampa Bay Bucs)
In 1972, Chris Sanders, NFL wide receiver (Tennessee/Houston Oilers)
In 1972, Keelin Curnuck, Miss New York USA (1996)/Ms Venus Swimwear (1994)
In 1973, Wolf Wigo, Abington Penn, water polo driver (Olympics-96)
In 1974, Calvin Branch, cornerback (Oakland Raiders)
In 1974, Colin Daynes, Windsor Ontario, 68 kg Greco Roman wrestler (Olympic-96)
In 1974, Korey Stringer, NFL tackle (Minn Vikings)
In 1976, Oleg Tverdovsky, Donetsk Ukr, NHL defenseman (Winnipeg Jets)
In 1978, Cindy Parlow, Memphis Tenn, soccer forward (Olympics-96)
In 1978, Sandra Kleinova, Prague Czech, tennis star (1995 Futures-Turku-FIN)
In 1979, Jayna Cronin Geneva NY, dance skater (& Dreger-1997 Natl-13th)

Sorry to see these people go:
In , Benedict II, Italian Pope (683-85), dies
In , John, [Mercurius], Italian Pope (533-35), dies
In 1319, Haakon V, King of Norway (1299-1319), dies
In 1577, Viglius ab Aytta Zuichemus, lawyer/President (Raad van State), dies
In 1684, Henri Dumont, composer, dies
In 1725, John Lovewell, US indian fighter, dies in battle
In 1773, Ali Bey, Egyptian Mameluk head, dies
In 1785, Pietro Longhi, painter, dies
In 1794, Antoine-Laurent Lavoisier, chemist (identified oxygen), guillotined
In 1809, Augustin Pajou, French sculptor (Bachante), dies at 78
In 1818, Franz Ignaz Kaa, composer, dies at 78
In 1829, Mauro Giuseppe Sergio Pantaleo Giuliani, composer, dies at 47
In 1844, Charles XIV Johan, [Jean B Bernadotte], King of Sweden/Norway, dies
In 1846, Giacomo Cordella, composer, dies at 59
In 1853, Joannes P Roothaan, 1st Dutch lt col-gen of Jesuits, dies at 67
In 1861, L sel¢ Teleki, Hungarian earl/revolutionary, commits suicide
In 1864, James Samuel Wadsworth, gen-mjr (Union), dies in battle at 56
In 1873, John Stuart Mill, great Empiricist philosopher, dies at 66
In 1876, Truganini, last originating Tasmanian, dies
In 1880, Gustave Flaubert, French writer (Salammb“), dies
In 1885, Pavel Krizkovsky, composer, dies at 65
In 1887, Alexander Ulyanov, brother of Lenin/hanged for assassination of tsar
In 1891, Helena Petrovina Blavatsky, Russian theosophist, dies
In 1894, Klara Fey, German orch leaser (Die Kleinen Betrachtungen), dies at 79
In 1903, EugŠne-Henri-Paul Gauguin, French painter (Tahiti), dies
In 1904, Eadweard Muybridge, English photographer (horse trot), dies
In 1909, Friedrich von Holstein, German diplomat, dies
In 1915, Henry McNeal Turner, 1 US black army chaplain, dies at 82
In 1924, Lev N Lunts, Russian writer (Outside the Law), dies at 23
In 1930, Lvar Henning Mankell, composer, dies at 61
In 1932, Albert Thomas, French socialist politician
In 1936, Oswald Spengler, German philosopher (Underworld of Abendlandes), dies
In 1941, Heinrich Zollner, composer, dies at 86
In 1943, Mordicai Anielewicz, commander of Warsaw ghetto uprising, killed
In 1948, Alfred Holy, composer, dies at 81
In 1950, Franklin Dyall, dies at 76
In 1951, Margaret Lindsay, actress (Take a Guess), dies at 40
In 1957, Johannes C B "Jan" Sluyters, Dutch painter, dies at 75
In 1958, Nasni Matni, Lebanese journalist, murdered
In 1959, Renato Caccioppoli, Italian mathematician/pianist, suicide at 55
In 1960, Hugo Alfven, Swedish composer (Midsommarvaka), dies at 88
In 1961, James Fairfax, actor (Gale Storm Show), dies at 63
In 1965, H T W Hardinge, cricketer (scored 25 & 5 in only Test for Engld), dies
In 1967, Barbara Payton, actress (Dallas, Trapped, Bad Blonde), dies at 39
In 1967, Elmer Rice, NY playwright/director/novelist, dies at 74
In 1967, Laverne Andrews, singer (Andrews Sisters), dies at 51
In 1973, Ralph Miller, last 19th century baseball player, dies
In 1974, Graham Bond, rocker, dies jumping under a train
In 1975, Avery Brundage, CEO (Intl Olympic Committee, 1952-72), dies at 87
In 1976, Alan Baxter, dies at 67
In 1976, Ulrike Meinhof, lead Germany Red Army Faction, dies
In 1979, Talcott Parsons, US sociologist, dies at 76
In 1981, Daniel GillŠs, Belgian writer, dies at 64
In 1981, Margaret Lindsay, actress (G Men, Lady Killer, Jezebel), dies
In 1981, Maurice Fernandes, cricket capt (WI in 1st Test win, 1930 v Eng), dies
In 1982, Colin Blunstone, rocker (Zombies), dies of cancer at 36
In 1982, Gilles Villeneuve, Canadian auto racer, dies in an accident
In 1985, Dolph Sweet, actor (Gil McGowan-Another World), dies at 74
In 1985, Edmond O'Brien, actor (Sam Benedict), dies of Alzheimer's at 69
In 1985, Karl Marx, German composer/conductor, dies at 87
In 1987, Pam Ewing, (Victoria Principal) character on Dallas, is killed off
In 1988, Robert A Heinlein, sci-fi writer (Friday), dies of heart failure at 80
In 1990, Tomas O'Fiach, [Tomas Seamus Fee], Irish cardinal-archbishop, dies
In 1991, Jean Langlais, composer, dies at 84
In 1991, Lloyd Ford, stuntman, dies at 79
In 1991, Ronnie Brody, British actor (Superman 3, What's Up Nurse), dies at 72
In 1992, Addeke H Boerma, dir-gen (FAO), dies at 80
In 1992, Brian Moore, writer (Catholics), dies of heart failure at 59
In 1992, Gul Mahomed, cricketer (8 Tests for India & one for Pakistan), dies
In 1992, Margaretha D Ferguson-Wigerink, author (Fear on Java), dies
In 1992, Richard Derr, actor (When Worlds Collide), dies at 74 of cancer
In 1993, Kees Deenik, singer/conductor
In 1994, Cobina W "Coby" Molenaar, peace activist, dies at 88
In 1994, George Peppard, actor (Breakfast at Tiffanys, A-Team), dies at 65
In 1994, Rupert Haselden, journalist/screenwriter, dies at 36
In 1994, Steven Keats, actor (Death Wish), dies of apparent suicide at 48
In 1995, Carroll Best, bluegrass banjo, dies at 63
In 1995, Jerry Zipkin, socialite, dies at 80
In 1995, Prem Bhatia, journalist, dies at 83
In 1995, Teresa Teng, singer, dies at 41
In 1996, Jane Cowan, cello teacher, dies at 80
In 1996, Luis Miguel Domiguin, bullfighter, dies at 69
In 1996, Serge Chermayeff, architect/designer, dies at 95
In 1997, Kai-Uwe Von Hassel, German Pres of Bundestag (CDU 1969-72), dies
In 1999, Dana Plato, actor (Diff'rent Strokes), dies at 34.

In , John II ends his reign as Catholic Pope
In , St Benedict II ends his reign as Catholic Pope
In , St Boniface IV ends his reign as Catholic Pope
In 1360, Treaty of Br‚tigny signed by English & French
In 1429, French troops under Joan of Arc rescues Orl‚ans
In 1450, Jack Cade's Rebellion-Kentishmen revolt against King Henry VI
In 1521, Parliament of Worms installs edict against Marten Luther
In 1541, Hernando de Soto discovers Mississippi River
In 1624, Hung king Bethlen G bor & emperor Ferdinand II sign Treaty of Vienna
In 1639, William Coddington founds Newport RI
In 1660, English parliament asks King Charles II to resigns
In 1721, Michelangiolo dei Conti replaces Pope Clement XI, as Innocent XIII
In 1741, France & Bavaria sign Covenant of Nymphenburg
In 1784, Only known deaths by hailstones in US (Winnsborough SC)
In 1792, British Capt George Vancouver sights, names Mt Rainier, Wash
In 1792, US establishes military draft
In 1794, US Post Office established
In 1823, "Home Sweet Home" 1st sung (London)
In 1834, Charles Darwin's expedition returns to the Beagle
In 1834, Prussia, Austria & Russia sign classified accord about Belgium
In 1840, Alexander Wolcott patents Photographic Process
In 1842, Versailles to Paris train catches fire; 50 die
In 1846, 1st major battle of M‚xican War fought at Palo Alto Texas
In 1847, Robert Thompson patents rubber tire
In 1858, John Brown holds antislavery convention
In 1861, Richmond Va, is named the capital of the Confederacy
In 1862, Valley Campaign: Federals repulsed at Battle of McDowell Va
In 1863, Confederaci¢n Granadina becomes Estados Unidos de Colombia
In 1864, Actions at Stony Creek/Nottoway bridge Virginia (Drewry's Bluff)
In 1864, Atlanta Campaign: Sever fighting near Dalton
In 1864, Battle of Antietam, VA (Spotslyvania Court House, Laurel Hill)
In 1866, Australian Rules Football is created
In 1871, English-US treaty ends Alabama dispute
In 1877, 1st Westminster Dog Show held
In 1878, 1st unassisted triple play in organized baseball, by Paul Hines
In 1879, George Selden files for 1st patent for a gasoline-driven automobile
In 1881, Henry Morton Stanley signs contract with Congolian monarch
In 1882, David Belasco's "La Belle Russe," premieres in NYC
In 1885, Sarah Ann Henley survives 76-m jump from Clifton Bridge, Avon, Engl
In 1886, Jacob's Pharmacy in Atlanta sells 1st Coca-Coke (contained cocaine)
In 1895, China cedes Taiwan to Japan under Treaty of Shimonoseki
In 1896, Yorkshire Cricket all out for 887 against Warwickshire
In 1897, 22nd Preakness: T Thorpe aboard Paul Kauvar wins in 1:51¬
In 1900, 250 grave robbers shot to death
In 1900, Galveston Texas, hit by hurricane; about 6,000 die
In 1900, John McGraw & Wilbert Robinson sign with Cardinals
In 1901, In their long-delayed AL home opener, Boston defeats Phila 12-4
In 1902, Mt Pel‚e erupts, wipes out St Pierre, Martinique, kills 30,000
In 1906, Phila A's pitcher Chief Benders plays outfield & hits 2 HRs
In 1907, Boston's Big Jeff Pfeffer no-hits Cin Reds, 6-0
In 1907, Tommy Burns beats Jack O'Brien in 20 for heavyweight boxing title
In 1909, Albert Raines runs world record marathon (2:46:04.6)
In 1909, Frederick Barrett runs world record marathon (2:42:31)
In 1915, 41st Kentucky Derby: Joe Notter aboard Regret wins in 2:05.4
In 1916, German munitions bunker in Fort Douaumont explodes
In 1919, 1st transatlantic flight take-off by a navy seaplane
In 1919, Appingedam soccer team forms
In 1920, 46th Kentucky Derby: Ted Rice aboard Paul Jones wins in 2:09
In 1921, Sweden abolished capital punishment
In 1923, Hobbs scores his 100th 100, 116* v Somerset at Bath
In 1924, Arthur Honegger's "Pacifica 231," premieres
In 1924, Memel territories given to Lithuania
In 1924, Workers at Werkspoor in Amsterdam strike against 3rd wage cut
In 1925, 51st Preakness: Clarence Kummer aboard Coventry wins in 1:59
In 1925, French colonial army beats Rifkabylen in Morocco
In 1926, 1st flight over North Pole (Bennett & Byrd)
In 1926, A Philip Randolph organizes Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters
In 1926, Fire breaks out in Fenway Park
In 1929, Jan Mayen island, 500 km NNE of Iceland, incorporated into Norway
In 1929, NY Giant Carl Hubbell no-hits Pirates, 11-0
In 1931, Operette "Land of Smiles," premieres in London
In 1935, Cin Red Ernie Lombardi doubles in 6th, 7th, 8th & 9th beat Phils 15-4
In 1936, Jockey Ralph Neves unexpectedly revived after being declared dead
In 1936, after a fall. His wife fainted when he returned to track
In 1937, 63rd Kentucky Derby: Charley Kurtsinger on War Admiral wins 2:03.2
In 1938, Stravinsky's "Dumbarton Oaks," premieres in Washington, DC
In 1941, German Q-ship Pinguin sinks in Indian Ocean
In 1942, $60,000 for Navy Relief Fund
In 1942, 1st twilight game in 24 years, the Dodgers top Giants 7-6 raising
In 1942, Aircraft carrier Lexington sunk by Japanese air attack at Coral Sea
In 1942, German summer offensive opens in Crimea
In 1943, 69th Preakness: Johnny Longden aboard Count Fleet wins in 1:57.4
In 1943, Adm Cunningham of Brit fleet: "Sink, burn & destroy; let nothing pass"
In 1944, 1st eye bank opens (NYC)
In 1944, 33 communist resistance fighter sentenced to death
In 1944, U-575 sinks Asphodel
In 1945, Canadian troops move into Amsterdam
In 1945, Chinese counter attack at Tsjangte, supports by 14th air fleet
In 1945, Gen Von Keitel surrenders to Marshal Zhukov
In 1945, V-E Day; Germany signs unconditional surrender, WW II ends in Europe
In 1946, Red Sox Johnny Pesky scores 6 runs in 1 game
In 1947, A movement among Card players to protest its 1st meeting with Jackie
In 1947, Robinson & the Dodgers is aborted by a talk from owner Sam Breadon
In 1948, Bradman scores 146 Aust v Surrey, 174 mins, 15 fours
In 1949, West German constitution approved
In 1950, Chiang Kai-shek asks US for weapons
In 1951, Dacron men's suits introduced
In 1951, US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Enwetak
In 1952, "Of Thee I Sing" opens at Ziegfeld Theater NYC for 72 performances
In 1952, "Shuffle Along" opens at Broadway Theater NYC for 4 performances
In 1952, Mad Magazine debuts
In 1953, WIPB TV channel 49 in Muncie, IN (PBS) begins broadcasting
In 1954, 1st shot-put over 60' (18.29 m)-Parry O'Brien, Los Angeles, CA
In 1956, John Osbornes "Look Back in Anger," premieres in London
In 1958, Pres Eisenhower orders National Guard out of Central HS, Little Rock
In 1958, VP Nixon is shoved, stoned, booed & spat upon by protesters in Peru
In 1959, 3-deck Nile excursion steamer springs a leak panicking passengers
In 1959, who capsized ship. 200 drown just yards from shore
In 1960, USSR & Cuba resume diplomatic relations
In 1960, Wiffi Smith wins LPGA Betsy Rawls Peach Blossom Golf Open
In 1961, 1st practical sea water conversion plant-Freeport Texas
In 1961, Alan Shepard receives NASA Distinguished Service Medal, Washington
In 1962, "Funny Thing Happened" opens at Alvin Theater NYC for 965 perfs
In 1962, 1st Atlas Centaur Launch
In 1962, London trolley buses go out of service
In 1963, "Dr No" premieres in US
In 1963, JFK offers Israel assistance against aggression
In 1965, 1st shut put over 70' (Randy Matson 70' 7")
In 1966, Kathy Whitworth wins LPGA Tall City Golf Open
In 1966, Last game at old Busch stadium, St Louis Card lose 10-5 to SF
In 1966, Only HR ever hit out of Baltimore's Memorial Park (Frank Robinson)
In 1967, Muhammad Ali is indicted for refusing induction in US Army
In 1968, Jim (Catfish) Hunter of Oakland pitches perfect game vs Twins (4-0)
In 1968, Pulitzer prize awarded to William Styron (Confessions of Nat Turner)
In 1969, Cambodia recognizes German DR
In 1969, Pope Paul VI publishes constitution Sacra Ritum Congregation
In 1970, Beatles release "Let it Be" album
In 1970, Construction workers break up an anti-war rally in NYC's Wall Street
In 1970, NBA championship: Knicks beat Lakers, 113-99
In 1971, "Earl of Ruston" closes at Billy Rose Theater NYC after 5 performances
In 1971, Joe Frazier beats Muhammad Ali at Madison Sq Garden
In 1972, Sabena aircraft at Lod Intl, Tel Aviv, captured by Palestinians
In 1973, Ernie Banks fills in for Cubs mgr Whitey Lockman who is ejected during
In 1973, Indians holding SD hamlet of Wounded Knee for 10 weeks surrender
In 1973, the game, thus technically becoming baseball's 1st black manager
In 1974, 50 MPH speed limit in Britain lifted
In 1974, Canada govt of Trudeau falls
In 1974, FC Magdenburg wins 14th Europe Cup II
In 1976, "1600 Pennsylvania Avenue" closes at Mark Hellinger NYC after 7 perfs
In 1977, David Berkowitz pleads guilty in "Son of Sam" 44-caliber shootings
In 1977, Hollis Stacy wins LPGA Lady Tara Golf Classic
In 1978, ABC TV airs "Stars Salute Israel at 30"
In 1978, Jan Stephenson wins LPGA Women's International Golf Tournament
In 1979, Radio Shack releases TRSDOS 2.3
In 1980, Sabres take only 15 shots, Islanders 22, in a playoff game
In 1980, World Health Organization announced smallpox had been eradicated
In 1981, L Brozek discovers asteroid #3419
In 1981, Ron Davis pitches 10th consecutive strike out, 1 short of record
In 1982, Canucks 5-Isles 6 (OT)-Stanley Cup-Isles hold 1-0 lead
In 1983, Janet Coles wins LPGA Lady Michelob Golf Tournament
In 1984, Chicago White Sox beat Milw Brewers, 7-6, in 25 inn (completed 5/9)
In 1984, France performs nuclear test at Muruora Island
In 1984, Minn Twins Kirby Puckett debuts with 4 singles
In 1984, Thames Barrier to stop flooding in London officially completed
In 1984, USSR announces it will not participate in LA Summer Olympics
In 1985, 20th Academy of Country Music Awards: Alabama & Judds win
In 1985, France performs nuclear test at Muruora Island
In 1987, Gary Hart quits democratic presidential race (Donna Rice affair)
In 1988, "Oba Oba" closes at Ambassador Theater NYC after 46 performances
In 1988, Amateur referees work NJ Devil-Boston Bruin playoff games, as NHL
In 1988, Fran‡ois Mitterrand elected president of France
In 1988, Juli Inkster wins LPGA Crestar Golf Classic
In 1988, Mike Tyson crashes his $183,000 Bently on Varick St in NYC
In 1988, referees walk-off, due to a restraining order brought by Devils
In 1989, Paul McCartney releases "My Brave Face" & "Ferry Cross the Mersey"
In 1989, US space shuttle STS-30 lands
In 1990, Cuyahoga County voters approve sin tax to build Cleveland Gateway
In 1991, CIA director William H Webster resigns
In 1991, E F Helin discovers asteroid #5916 van der Woude & #8026
In 1991, R H McNaught discovers asteroid #5382 & #5441
In 1993, 16 year old Keron Thomas disguises himself as a motorman & takes
In 1993, ABC Masters Bowling Tournament won by Phil Ware
In 1993, Lennox Lewis beats Tony Tucker in 12 for heavyweight boxing title
In 1993, NYC subway train & 2,000 passengers on a 3 hour ride
In 1994, "Rise & Fall of Little Voice" closes at Neil Simon NYC after 9 perfs
In 1994, 500th commentary by Andy Rooney on 60 Minutes
In 1994, Colorado Silver Bullets (all-female pro baseball team) 1st game
In 1994, Ernesto P‚rez Balladares elected president of Panama
In 1994, Jos‚ Maria Figueres becomes president of Costa Rica
In 1994, Laura Davies wins LPGA Sara Lee Golf Classic
In 1994, Pres Clinton announces US will no longer repatriate boat people
In 1996, NY Yankee Dwight Gooden wins his 1st AL game beating Tigers 10-3
In 1996, R H McNaught discovers asteroid #8218
In 1996, S Afr's Const Assembly adopts permanent post-apartheid constitution
In 1997, Tea Leoni & David Duchovny wed in Greenwich Village

[Czechoslovakia] Anniversary of Liberation (1945)
[Helston, England] Furry Day
[Ireland] Feis Ceoil music festival (1897)
[Missouri] Harry S Truman's Birthday (1884)
[M‚xico] Higaldo Day
[Norway] Liberation Day
[Ribe, Denmark] Stork Day
[US] Mother's Day, give her a call today
[US] Native American/Indian Day
[World] V-E Day, Victory in Europe (1945)

In 1417, [Ang/COE/ECUSA] Commemoration Julian of Norwich, mystic (1342-c1417)
In 1417, [COE/ECUSA] Julian of Norwich 1342-c 1417
In 2008, [Jewish] Yom Haatzmaut (Iyyar 3, 5768)
In 2030, [Jewish] Yom Haatzmaut (Iyyar 5, 5790)
In 2042, [Jewish] Lag B'Omer-Love for Holy Land Day (Iyyar 18, 5802)
[Christian-Bruges Belgium] Holy Blood Procession
[Orthodox] Latest possible Orthodox Easter (4/25 OS)
[RC] Commemoration of Apparition of St Michael the Archangel
[RC] Desideratus, archbishop of Bourges

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 209 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Mon, May  8, 2000 (12:31) * 62 lines 
Today in Rotten History

we live in a slightly mad world

May 8 1842

Parisians travelling by rail to commemorate
the birthday of the French king are trapped in
their railcars and incinerated, after a collision
between two trains. In these early dails of rail,
coaches were locked and no means of
escape was available. This first major rail
disaster took between 50 and 100 lives.

May 8 1902

Mt. Pelee erupted, killing 30,000 (Martinique;
1902) Martinique, West Indies: Mt. Pelee
erupted and wiped out city of St. Pierre;
40,000 dead.

May 8 1987

Gary Hart withdrew from US Presidential race
after press uncovered his affair with Donna
Rice (1987)

May 8 1988

Robert A Heinlein dead

May 8 1991

Bill Clinton asked Paula Jones to have sex
with her at the Excelsior Hotel (1991)

May 8 1994

George Peppard, star of TV's "A Team" and
"Banacek", dead at 65.

May 8 1998

Bob Dole, on TV's Larry King Live, tells the
world he participated in the Viagra impotence
drug trials, thoroughly enjoying himself in the

May 8 1999

Dana Plato, who played Kimberly Drummond
on Diff'rent Strokes, dies in Oklahoma of an
overdose of Valium and Loritab. On Friday,
Plato appeared on the Howard Stern
syndicated radio show claiming to be clean &
sober; on Saturday she is dead from
prescription drugs.

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 210 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Tue, May  9, 2000 (11:59) * 459 lines 
On May 09 - 129th day of year with 236 days left (Numerology = 5)

Happy Birthday to:
In 1265, Dante Alighieri, Italian poet (Divina Commedia)
In 1596, Abraham van Diepenbeeck, painter
In 1738, John Pindar, [Peter], physician/poet
In 1740, Giovanni Paisiello, Italian composer (Barber of Seville)
In 1783, Alexander Ross, Canada, pioneer/fur trader
In 1785, James Pollard Espy, Penns, meteorologist (Philosphy of Storms)
In 1793, Johannes C de Jonge, Dutch historian/archivist
In 1796, August Pauly, German classicus (Real Encyclopedia)
In 1800, John Brown, abolitionist; led attack on Harpers Ferry
In 1801, Samuel Cousins, mezzotint engraver
In 1810, Louis Gallait, historical painter
In 1810, WFLC Marianne, princess of Orange-Nassau/daughter of king Willem I
In 1814, Adolph von Henselt, composer
In 1824, William Edmonson "Grumble" Jones, Brig General (Confederate Army)
In 1829, Ciro Pinsuti, pianist/composer
In 1833, Boleslaw Dembinski, composer
In 1837, Adam Opel, German manufacturer (cycling, motorcars)
In 1843, Belle Boyd, spy (Confederate)/actress/lecturer
In 1844, [Maria] Catharina Beersmans, Belgian actress (Bad Herders)
In 1846, Nikolay Feopemptovich Solov'yov, composer
In 1855, Julius Rontgen, composer
In 1860, James Matthew Barrie, Scotland, novelist (Margaret Ogilvy, Peter Pan)
In 1865, August de Boeck, composer
In 1873, Howard Carter, British archaeologist (found King Tutankhamen's tomb)
In 1873, Lilian Mary Baylis, manager (Old Vic & Sadler's Wells Theater)
In 1882, Henry J Kaiser, builder (Liberty Ships, Jeeps, Boulder Dam)
In 1887, Jules Van de Leene, Belgian writer
In 1892, Eric Westberg, composer
In 1892, Zita, empress (Austria)/Queen (Hungary)
In 1895, Lucian Blaga, Romaniams philosopher/poet (Dogmatic Aeon)
In 1895, Richard Barthelmess, NYC, actor (Broken Blossoms, Noose)
In 1899, Edward Pollock, saxophone/clarinet
In 19--, Jeanna Michaels, New London Ct, actress (Connie-Dallas, Gen Hospital)
In 19--, Teresa Hill, Burley Idaho, actress (Linda Holden-Models Inc)
In 1901, Fuzzy Knight, Fairmont WV, actor (Oklahoma Annie, Cowby & the Lady)
In 1901, George Duckworth, cricket wicket-keeper (England late 20's early 30's)
In 1903, Walter Dehmel, writer
In 1906, Eleanor Estes, author (Ginger Pye, Moffats)
In 1907, Baldur von Schirach, German writer/nazi politician (Frame)
In 1910, Barbara Woodhouse, dog training expert
In 1910, P E Palia, cricketer (appeared in India's 1st Test-Lord's 1932)
In 1911, Harry Simeone, Newark NJ, choral director (Kate Smith Show)
In 1912, Pedro Armendariz, Mexico, actor (From Russia With Love)
In 1913, John Hayes, Admiral
In 1913, Victor Smith, Admiral (Australian Chiefs of Staff)
In 1914, Carlo Maria Giulini, conductor
In 1914, Frank Chacksfield, arranger/orch leader
In 1914, Hank Snow, Nova Scotia Canada, country singer (I Went to Your Wedding)
In 1914, Josef Muller-Brockmann, graphic designer/writer
In 1914, Theodore Kheel, labor negotiator (Fair Employment Practices)
In 1915, Richard Janvrin, British vice admiral
In 1916, Bernard William George Rose, composer/organist
In 1916, Cyril Bowles, bishop of Derby
In 1916, Douglas Guest, organist
In 1917, George Fleming, cyclist
In 1917, John Arnatt, actor (Circumstantial Evidence)
In 1918, Mike Wallace, Brookline Mass, newscaster (Biography, 60 Minutes)
In 1918, Orville Freeman, Minneapolis, (Sen-D-Mn)/Sec of Agriculture (1961-69)
In 1919, Arthur English, comedian/actor (Malachi's Cove)
In 1920, Richard Adams, author (Day Gone By)
In 1922, Sheila Burrell, actress (Black Orchid, Paranoiac, Laughter in Dark)
In 1924, Bulat S Okudzjava, Russian author (Student!)
In 1924, Connie Russell, NYC, singer (Club Embassy, Garroway at Large)
In 1924, Gerard Wernars, Dutch graphic designer (Library stamps 1991)
In 1924, Jean J A Girault, French director/screenwriter (l'Amour)
In 1925, Peter Leng, Master General of the Ordnance
In 1926, Alistair MacFarlane, principal (Heriot-Watt University England)
In 1926, Francis Kennedy, British diplomat
In 1926, Joshua Hassan, chief minister (Gibralter)
In 1926, Robin Cooke, pres (NZ Court of Appeal)
In 1927, John McDermott, Lord Justice of Appeal (Northern Ireland)
In 1927, Manfred Eigen, German physicist/chemist (Nobel 1967)
In 1927, Ray Katt, baseball player
In 1928, Barbara Ann Scott, Ottawa Ontario, figure skater (Olympic-gold-1948)
In 1928, Pall Pampichier Palsson, composer
In 1928, Richard A "Pancho" Gonzalez, LA Calif, tennis star (US 1948-49)
In 1929, Anthony Lloyd, Lord Justice of Appeal
In 1930, Joan Sims, actress (Carry on Behind, Carry on Cleo)
In 1931, Vance DeVoe Brand, Longmont Co, astro (Apollo 18, STS-5, 41B, 35)
In 1932, Conrad Hunte, cricketer (great West Indian opener 1958-66)
In 1932, David Plastow, CEO (Medical Research Council)
In 1932, Gavin Lyall, author (Conduct of Major Maxim)
In 1932, Geraldine McEwan, actress (Henry V)
In 1932, J Alex McMillan, (Rep-R-NC, 1985- )
In 1933, Johnny Grant, unofficial mayor of Hollywood
In 1934, Alan Bennett, Engld, playwright/actor (Secret Policeman's Other Ball)
In 1934, John Robertson, deputy chairman (Barclays de Zoete Wedd)
In 1934, Roy Massey, Master of Choristers (Hereford Cathedral)
In 1936, Albert Finney, Salford UK, actor (Dresser, Under the Volcano)
In 1936, Floyd Robinson, baseball player (White Sox, Reds, A's)
In 1936, Glenda Jackson, Cheshire England, actress (Women in Love)
In 1936, Terry Downes, middleweight boxing champ (1961-62)
In 1936, Terry Drinkwater, TV newsman (CBS)
In 1937, Dave Prater, Ocilla Ga, rock vocalist (Sam & Dave)
In 1937, Sonny Curtis, Texas, guitarist (Crickets)
In 1938, Geoffrey Holland, civil servant
In 1938, Nokie Edwards, rocker (Ventures)
In 1939, Bruce Mather, composer
In 1939, Herbert Hippauf, baseball player
In 1939, Jim Dent, Augusta GA, PGA golfer (1989 MONY Syracuse Senior)
In 1939, Kenneth Warby, fastest man on water at 300 knots (345 mph)
In 1939, Nokle Edwards, rocker
In 1939, Ralph Boston, Laurel Miss, long jumper (Oly-gold/sil/brz-60, 64, 68)
In 1940, Dick Morrissey, saxophonist
In 1940, James L Brooks, producer/director (Broadcast News, Taxi, Critic)
In 1941, Dorothy Hyman, England, sprinter (Oly-silver-60)
In 1941, Jan Dibbets, sculptor/artist (Dutch Mountains)
In 1941, Pete Birrell, rock bassist (Freddie & The Dreamers)
In 1942, John D Ashcroft, (Gov-MO)
In 1942, Mike Millward, rocker
In 1942, Tommy Roe, Atlanta, rocker (Hooray for Hazel)
In 1942, William Olner, MP
In 1943, Bruce Milner, rocker (Every Mother's Son)
In 1943, Maurice Foster, cricketer (West Indies batsman of 70's)
In 1943, Tommy Roe, rocker
In 1944, Don Dannemann, rocker (Cyrkle)
In 1944, Richard Furay, Ohio, rock vocalist (Buffalo Springfield, Poco)
In 1945, Steve Katz, NYC, rock guitarist/vocalist (Blood, Sweat & Tears)
In 1946, Candice Bergen, Beverly Hills, actr (Carnal Knowledge, Murphy Brown)
In 1947, Anthony Corlan, Cork City Ireland, actor (Something for Everyone)
In 1948, John Drayton Mahaffey, Kerrville TX, PGA golfer (1978 PGA Champ)
In 1949, Billy Joel, Bronx, rock vocalist (Pianoman, Capt Jack, Bridge)
In 1949, Oleg Yuriyevich Atkov, Russian cosmonaut (Soyuz T-10)
In 1950, James A Butts, LA Calif, triple jumper (Olympic-silver-1976)
In 1950, Matthew Kelly, actor/TV host (Holding the Fort, Relative Strangers)
In 1950, Tom Petersson, Rockford Il, rock bassist (Cheap Trick)
In 1951, Alley Mills, Chicago Ill, actress (Norma Arnold-Wonder Years)
In 1952, Patrick Ryecart, actor (Silas Mariner)
In 1953, Daniel Talbot, Montreal Que, golfer (Quebec Open-1979, 81, 84)
In 1953, Gregory Beecroft, Chorpus Christi TX, actor (Guiding Light)
In 1953, Ron Jackson, baseball player
In 1953, Scott McInnis, (Rep-R-Colorado)
In 1954, Balazs Taroczy, Hungary, tennis star
In 1955, Kevin Peter Hall, Pitts Pa, actor (Misfits of Science)
In 1955, Myra Blackwelder, LPGA golfer
In 1957, Fred Markham, 1st man to pedal a bike 65 mph
In 1957, John Stuper, baseball pitcher (St Louis Cardinals)
In 1958, Esko Rechardt, Finland, yachtsman (Olympic-gold-1980)
In 1959, Andrew Jones, cricketer (highly consistent for NZ at 1st drop)
In 1959, Asantha De Mel, cricketer (pioneering Sri Lankan Test opening bowler)
In 1960, Iain Butchart, cricket all-rounder (Zimbabwe, Test v Pak 1995)
In 1960, Jim Reilly, rocker (Red Rockers)
In 1960, Tony Gwynn, LA CA, outfielder (San Diego Padres)
In 1961, Rene Capo, Pinal del Rio Cuba, half-heavyweight judoka (Olympics-96)
In 1962, Dave Gahan, Essex, rock vocalist (Depeche Mode-Dreaming of Me)
In 1962, John Corbett, actor/singer (Chris-Northern Exposure)
In 1962, Paul Heaton, rocker (Housemartins-Happy Hour, Over There)
In 1964, Miloslav Mecir, Czechoslovakia, tennis player (Olympic-gold-1988)
In 1965, Ben Volpeliere-Pierrot, rocker (Curiosity Killed Cat-Keep Distance)
In 1965, Marc Logan, NFL running back (Washington Redskins)
In 1965, Steve Yzerman, Cranbrook BC, NHL forward (Team Canada, Detroit)
In 1966, Mark Tinordi, Red Deer, NHL defenseman (Washington Capitals)
In 1968, Bruce Pickens, NFL cornerback (Oakland Raiders)
In 1968, David Benoit, NBA forward (Utah Jazz, NJ Nets)
In 1968, Marie-Jos‚ P‚rec, Guadeloupe, French 200m/400m runner (Oly-2 gold-96)
In 1968, Vince Workman, NFL running back (Packers, Panthers, Colts)
In 1969, Carla Overbeck, Pasadena Calif, soccer defender (Olympics-96)
In 1969, Renn Crichlow, Ottawa Ontario, canoeist (Olympics-8-92, 96)
In 1970, Doug Christie, NBA guard/forward (Toronto Raptors)
In 1972, Dan Hollander, Royal Oak Mich, figure skater (1996 Great Lakes champ)
In 1972, Dave Barr, WLAF quarterback (Scotland Claymores)
In 1972, Simon Hollingsworth, Australian 400m hurdler (Olympics-92, 96)
In 1974, Pete Kelley, 218¬ lbs (99 kg) US weightlifter (Olympics-14th-1996)
In 1974, Shin Yahata, hockey forward (Team Japan 1998)
In 1974, Stephane Yelle, Ottawa, NHL center (Colorado Avalanche)
In 1976, Faye Johnstone, Auckland NZ, archer (Olympics-96)
In 1980, Angela Nikodinov, Spartanburg SC, figure skater (1997 Pacif Sr champ)
In 1980, Tatewin Means, Miss South Dakota Teen USA (1996)

Sorry to see these people go:
In 1079, Stanislaus, Polish bishop of Cracow, murdered
In 1280, Magnus VI Lagaboeter, King of Norway (1263-80), dies at 42
In 1443, Niccol¢ d'Albergati, Italian cardinal, dies
In 1460, Jean Lavite, Atrechts painter, dies
In 1474, Peter van Hagenbach, Elzasser knight/land guardian, beheaded
In 1590, Karel "Cardinal" van Bourbon, archbishop of Rouen, dies at 66
In 1657, William Bradford, Governor (Plymouth Colony, Mass), dies
In 1667, Marie Louise de Gonzague-Nevers, French Queen of Poland (1645-48)
In 1688, Frederick William, Great Elector of Brandenburg, dies at 68
In 1707, Dietrich Buxtehude, German organist/composer, dies at about 69
In 1745, Tomaso Antonio Vitali, composer, dies at 82
In 1760, Nikolaus Ludwig und Pottendorf, Austrian composer, dies at 59
In 1770, Charles Avison, composer, dies at 61
In 1785, Franz Xaver Schnitzer, composer, dies at 44
In 1791, Francis Hopkinson, US writer/music/lawyer, dies at 53
In 1799, Claude-Benigne Balbastre, composer, dies at 72
In 1805, Friedrich Schiller, writer, dies at 45
In 1805, Johann Christoph Friedrich von Schiller, poet/playwright, dies at 45
In 1822, Charles Duquesnoy, composer, dies at 62
In 1850, Louis-Joseph Gay-Lussac, chemist/physicist, dies
In 1853, Johann Philipp Samuel Schmidt, composer, dies at 73
In 1864, "Uncle" John Sedgwick, US Union general-major, dies in battle at 50
In 1864, Thomas Donnely Doubleday, US Union Col, dies in an accident
In 1880, Johann Hermann Berens, composer, dies at 54
In 1884, Hermanus W Witteveen, theologist, dies at 69
In 1903, Rudolf Serkin, Bohemian/US pianist, dies
In 1905, Ernst Pauer, composer, dies at 78
In 1926, Joseph Mallaby Dent, publisher, dies
In 1927, Tommy Routledge, cricketer (4 Tests for S Africa 1892-96), dies
In 1928, Constantin Dimitrescu, composer, dies at 81
In 1931, A[lbert] A[braham] Michelson, US physicist (1907 Nobel), dies at 78
In 1937, Walter Mittelholzer, Swiss aviation pioneer, dies in crash at 43
In 1944, Ethel Mary Smyth, composer, dies at 86
In 1945, Clem Hill, cricketer (49 Tests for Australia 1896-1912), dies
In 1949, Louis II, Prince of Monaco, dies
In 1951, Marie Ault, dies at 80
In 1952, Canada Lee, black actor (Lost Boundaries), dies in NYC at 45
In 1957, Ezio F Pinza, Italian bass (Scale of Milan, NY Met Opera), dies
In 1957, Heinrich Campendonk, German painter/wood carver/glasier, dies at 67
In 1958, Bill Goodwin, TV announcer (Burns & Allen), dies at 47
In 1965, Leopold Figl, premier Austria, dies at 62
In 1966, Alfred Mendelsohn, composer, dies at 56
In 1966, Wilhelmus M Bekkers, bishop of Dukeenbosch, dies
In 1967, Elmar Berkovich, Dutch industrial designer (Eindhoven theater), dies
In 1967, Philippa Duke Schuyler, composer, dies at 35
In 1968, Finlay Currie, dies at 90
In 1968, Harold Gray, US comic strip artist (Little Orphan Annie), dies at 74
In 1968, Marion Lorne, actress (Aunt Clara-Bewitched), dies at 81
In 1968, Phil Arnold, actor (Skidoo, Errand Boy, Damn Yankees), dies at 58
In 1970, Percy Brier, composer, dies at 84
In 1970, Walter P Reuther, US worker's union leader/president (CIO), dies
In 1974, Lyubomir Pipkov, composer, dies at 69
In 1975, Philip Dorn, dies at 73
In 1976, Raymond Chevreuille, Belgian composer, dies at 74
In 1976, Valentino Bucchi, composer, dies at 59
In 1977, James Jones, US writer (Bad Blood, From Here to Eternity), dies at 55
In 1977, Walter Kraft, composer, dies at 71
In 1979, Cyrus S Eaton, Canada/US multi-millionaire, dies at 95
In 1979, Lan Adomian, composer, dies at 73
In 1981, C E "Nip" Pellew, cricketer (10 Tests 484 runs at 37), dies
In 1981, Nelson Algren, US writer (Man with the Golden Arm), dies at 72
In 1982, Ab [Albert] Visser, poet/writer (Ka‹n sloeg Abel), dies
In 1985, Edmond O'Brien, actor (Moon Pilot, Wild Bunch), dies at 69
In 1986, Dirk de Vroome, [Red Giant], Limbourg activist, dies at 60
In 1986, Herschel Bernardi, actor (Lt Jacoby-Peter Gunn, Arnie), dies at 62
In 1986, Tenzing Norgay, Tibetan climber (Mount Everest 1953), dies at 71
In 1987, Obafemi Awolowo, Nigeria, pres of Nigeria (1979-83), dies at 78
In 1989, Keith Whitley, country singer (Don't Close Your Eyes), dies at 33
In 1989, Paul J Steenbergen, actor (Ciske de Rat), dies at 82
In 1990, Luigi Nono, Ital composer (Intolleranza), dies at 66
In 1990, Pauline Frederick, 1st women to moderate Pres debate, dies at 84
In 1991, James L Reinsch, media-advisor (Roosevelt/Churchill/Kennedy), dies
In 1991, Ronnie Brody, British actor (Superman III, Whats Up Nurse), dies at 72
In 1991, Rudolf Serkin, Bohemian/US pianist, dies
In 1992, Mike Tyrell [Red Baron], British air acrobat, dies in an accident
In 1993, Freya Stark, English author (Sunday Bloody Sunday), dies at 61
In 1993, Mary Duncan Sanford, dies at 98
In 1993, Penelope Gilliatt [Conner], British author
In 1995, Abha Gandhi, servant to Gandhi, dies at 68
In 1995, Charles Montgomery Monteith, publisher, dies at 74
In 1995, Marshall Royal, jazz Sax/Clarinet, dies at 82
In 1995, Percy Mansell, cricketer (355 runs in 13 Tests for S Afr), dies

In 1092, Lincoln Cathedral consecrated
In 1336, Italian poet Francesco Petrarca climbs Mont Ventoux
In 1386, Treaty of Windsor between Portugal-England
In 1460, Court yard episcopal palace Atrecht has witch burnings
In 1502, Columbus left Spain on his 4th & final trip to New World
In 1519, Austrian adel/burgerij in uprising against central government
In 1573, Polish Parliament selects duke of Anjou as king
In 1588, Duke Henri de Guises troops occupy Paris
In 1671, Col Thomas Blood attempts to steal Crown Jewels
In 1689, English King Willem III declares war on France
In 1738, England routes fleet in Mediterranean Sea & West-Indies
In 1753, King Louis XV disbands French parliament
In 1754, 1st newspaper cartoon in America-divided snake "Join or Die"
In 1766, John Byron back in England after trip around the world
In 1785, British inventor Joseph Bramah patents beer-pump handle
In 1788, English parliament accepts abolishing of slave trade
In 1836, HMS Beagle with Charles Darwin departs Port Louis, Mauritius
In 1837, "Sherrod" burns in Mississippi River below Natchez Miss; 175 dies
In 1846, Battle of Resaca de la Palma-US sends Mexico back to Rio Grande
In 1862, Battle of Farmington, MS
In 1862, Battle of Ft Pickens, FL (Pensacola), evacuated by CS
In 1862, US Naval Academy relocated from Annapolis MD to Newport, RI
In 1864, -20] Skirmish at Ware Bottom Church, Virginia
In 1864, Battle of Cloyd's Mt, & Swift Creek, VA (Drewery's Bluff, Ft Darling)
In 1864, Battle of Dalton, GA
In 1864, Ship battle at Helgoland, Austria-Denmark
In 1868, Anton Bruckner's 1st Symphony in C, premieres
In 1874, Victoria Embankment, in London opens
In 1882, Telegraph Hill RR Co organized
In 1889, 15th Kentucky Derby: Thomas Kiley aboard Spokane wins in 2:34«
In 1896, 1st horseless carriage show in London (featured 10 models)
In 1899, Lawn mower patented
In 1901, Australia opens its 1st parliament in Melbourne
In 1901, Cleve's Earl Moore no-hits Chic White Sox 9 inn but loses in 10th 4-2
In 1905, Max Wolf discovers asteroid #565 Marbachia
In 1905, P Gotz discovers asteroid #564 Dudu
In 1908, Dirk Fock becomes governor of Suriname
In 1911, Fire breaks out at Empire Theater in Edinburgh Scotland
In 1913, 17th amendment provides for election of senators by popular vote
In 1914, 40th Kentucky Derby: John McCabe aboard Old Rosebud wins in 2:03.4
In 1914, Pres Wilson proclaims Mother's Day
In 1915, German & French fight Battle of Artois
In 1916, British-France Sykes-Picot meet over division of Turkey
In 1917, R Schorr discovers asteroid #869 Mellena
In 1925, Cornerstone for Hebrew University, Jerusalem laid
In 1926, Richard Byrd & Floyd Bennett make 1st flight over North Pole
In 1927, 53rd Preakness: Whitey Abel aboard Bostonian wins in 2:01.6
In 1927, Canberra replaces Melbourne as the capital of Australia
In 1929, NY Giant Carl Hubbell no-hits Pitts Pirates
In 1929, WJW-AM in Cleveland Ohio begins radio transmissions
In 1930, 56th Preakness: Earl Sande aboard Gallant Fox wins in 2:00.6
In 1931, 57th Preakness: George Ellis aboard Mate wins in 1:59
In 1932, 58th Preakness: Eugene James aboard Burgoo King wins in 1:59.8
In 1932, Piccadilly Circus, 1st lit by electricity
In 1932, WOC-AM in Davenport Iowa merges with WHO to become WHO-WOC
In 1933, Spanish anarchists call for general strike
In 1934, Bradman out for a Cricket duck against Cambridge University!
In 1936, 1st KLM airplane to land on Bonaire
In 1936, Italy takes Addis Abba, annexing Absynnia (Ethiopia)
In 1937, Reds beat Phillies 21-10 (Ernie Lombardi goes 6 for 6)
In 1939, Catholic church beatified the 1st Native American, Kateri Tekakwitha
In 1941, English Army breaks German spy codes
In 1942, 68th Preakness: Basil James aboard Alsab wins in 1:57
In 1943, 5th German Pantser army surrenders in Tunisia
In 1943, Rotschild-Haddassh University Hospital opens
In 1944, 1st eye bank opens (NYC)
In 1944, Country singer Jimmie Davis becomes governor of Louisiana
In 1944, Dutch resistance fighter Gerard Musch arrested
In 1944, Joe McCarthy returns as Yankee manager after an illness
In 1944, Russians recapture Crimea by taking Sevastopol
In 1945, Czechoslovakia liberated from Nazi occupation (Natl Day)
In 1945, Jersey liberated from nazis
In 1945, Nazi propagandist Max Blokzijl arrested
In 1945, New balata ball used in baseball, 50% livilier
In 1945, Norwegian nazi collaborators Vidkun Quisling arrested
In 1945, Victory celebration at Red Square
In 1946, 1st hour long entertainment TV show, "NBC's Hour Glass" premieres
In 1946, 1st variety show on TV "NBC's Hour Glass," premieres
In 1946, King Victor Emmanuel III of Italy abdicates, replaced by Umberto
In 1949, Britain's 1st launderette opens in Queensway London
In 1949, Prince Rainier III becomes leader of Monaco
In 1950, French Foreign min Robert Schuman calls for European community EGKS
In 1950, Norman Dello Joco's premieres in Bronxville
In 1951, Air raid on Chinese positions at Yalu River
In 1955, German Federal Republic joins NATO
In 1958, Botvinnik recaptures world chess championship
In 1959, Dorothy Rigney, husband John, & Hank Greenberg resign from White Sox
In 1960, Nigeria becomes a member of British Commonwealth
In 1960, US is 1st country to use the birth control pill legally
In 1960, US send U-2 over USSR
In 1961, Balt Oriole Jim Gentile hits 2 grand slams (9 RBIs) vs Minn Twins
In 1961, FCC Chairman Newton N Minow criticizes TV as a "vast wasteland"
In 1961, Jim Gentile is 4th to hit grand slams in consecutive innings
In 1962, Beatles sign their 1st contract with EMI Pstlophone
In 1962, Laser beam successfully bounced off Moon for 1st time
In 1962, US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Christmas Island
In 1963, US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
In 1964, Khrushchev visits Egypt
In 1964, Peter & Gordon release "World Without Love"
In 1965, Beatles attend a Bob Dylan concert
In 1965, Luna 5 launched (USSR) 1st attempt to soft land on Moon (fails)
In 1966, 1st black member of Federal Reserve Board (A F Brimmer)
In 1966, China PR performs nuclear test at Lop Nor PRC
In 1967, 1st flight of Fokker F-28 Fellowship
In 1967, Gijsbert van Hall resigns as mayor of Amsterdam
In 1969, BPAA All-Star Bowling Tournament won by Billy Hardwick
In 1970, 100,000s demonstrate against Vietnam War
In 1971, 23rd Emmy Awards: All in the Family, Jack Klugman & Jean Stapleton
In 1971, Elizabeth Bonner runs female world record marathon (3:01:42)
In 1971, Friends of Earth return 1500 non-returnable bottles to Schweppes
In 1971, Largest walk in crowd (31,626) in Balt Oriole history
In 1971, Sandra Haynie wins LPGA San Antonio Alamo Golf Open
In 1972, T Smirnova discovers asteroids #1903 Adzhimushkaj & #1904 Massevitch
In 1973, For 2nd time, Johnny Bench hits 3 HRs in a game
In 1974, House Judiciary Committee begin formal hearings on Nixon impeachment
In 1975, Brian Oldfield shot puts 22.86 m (world record)
In 1975, Flyers 1-Isles 5-Semifinals-Flyers hold 3-2 lead
In 1976, "So Long 174th St" closes at Harkness Theater NYC after 16 perfs
In 1976, Sally Little wins LPGA Ladies Masters at Moss Creek Golf Tournament
In 1977, Hotel Poland in Amsterdam destroyed by fire, 33 killed
In 1977, Mabel Murphy Smythe confirmed as ambassador to Rep of Cameroon
In 1977, Patty Hearst let out of jail
In 1978, "Ain't Misbehavin'" opens at Longacre Theater NYC for 1604 perfs
In 1978, Corpse of kidnapped ex-premier Aldo Moro found
In 1978, Fee Waybill of Tubes breaks a leg falling off stage
In 1978, Musical "Ain't Misbehavin'," premieres in NYC
In 1978, PSV beats Bastica, 3-0, to win UEFA Cup in Eindhoven Neth
In 1979, US & USSR sign Salt 2 treaty, limiting nuclear weapons
In 1980, 35 motorists die as a Liberian freighter rams a Tampa Bay Bridge
In 1981, Felix Aguilar Observatory discovers asteroid #4397 Jalopez
In 1981, Kazimiroff Blvd in Bronx named for a Bronx historian
In 1982, "9" opens at 46th St Theater NYC for 739 performances
In 1982, Arthur Kopit's musical "Nine," premieres in NYC
In 1982, Sally Little wins LPGA United Virginia Bank Golf Classic
In 1983, 18th Academy of Country Music Awards: Alabama & Willie Nelson
In 1983, S Sei discovers asteroid #2909 Hoshi-no-ie
In 1984, Alexander Calder's "Big Crinkly" sells for $852,000
In 1984, Chicago White Sox beat Milw Brewers, 7-6, in 25 inn (started 5/8)
In 1984, J Gibson discovers asteroid #7460
In 1984, White Sox & Brewers play 8:06, game, longest timed baseball game
In 1987, 183 die aboard a Polish jetliner that crashes in Warsaw
In 1987, Actor Tom Cruise (27) & actress Mimi Rogers (33), marry
In 1987, Oriole Eddie Murray is 1st to switch hit HRs in 2 consecutive games
In 1988, A's winning streak hits 14, ends tommorow
In 1988, Australia's new parliament house is opened by Queen Elizabeth
In 1988, Belgium: 8th govt of Martens forms
In 1988, C S Shoemaker & E M Shoemaker discover asteroid #4899 Candace
In 1988, C S Shoemaker discovers asteroid #4451 Grieve & #5231 Verne
In 1989, "Saratina!" closes at Cort Theater NYC after 597 performances
In 1989, Journalist petition Chinese govt for freedom of press
In 1989, NY Mets Kevin Elster, errors after 88 errorless games at shortstop
In 1989, NY Mets Rick Cerone, errors after 159 errorless games as catcher
In 1989, VP Quayle say in United Negro College Fund speech: "What a waste it
In 1989, is to lose one's mind" instead of "a mind is terrible thing to waste"
In 1990, NY Newsday reporter Jimmy Breslin suspended for a racial slur
In 1990, Sampdoria wins 30th Europe Cup II
In 1991, E F Helin discovers asteroid #5593 Jonsujatha
In 1991, Italian actress Laura Antonelli found guilty of cocaine possession
In 1991, Michael Landon appears on Tonight Show to talk about his cancer
In 1992, After trailing 9-0, St Louis Cards beat Atlanta Braves 12-11
In 1992, America Cup finals begin in San Diego
In 1992, Final episode of "Golden Girls" airs on NBC-TV
In 1992, Michelle McLean, 19, of Namibia, crowned 41st Miss Universe
In 1993, "Ain't Broadway Grand" closes at Lunt-Fontanne NYC after 25 perfs
In 1993, "Song of Jacob Zulu" closes at Plymouth Theater NYC after 53 perfs
In 1993, Landslide in Nambija Ecuador, kills 300
In 1993, Meg Mallon wins LPGA Sara Lee Golf Classic
In 1993, Mustapha Matura's "Playboy of West Indies," premieres in NYC
In 1993, Paraguay holds its 1st pres & parliamentary elections in 50 years
In 1994, "Passion" opens at Plymouth Theater NYC for 280 performances
In 1994, G J Garradd discovers asteroid #6874
In 1994, Mass murderer Joel Rifkind found guilty in NY
In 1995, Cleveland Indians tie record of scoring 8 runs before making an
In 1995, Kinshasa, Zaire under quarantine after an outbreak of Ebola virus
In 1995, out, they beat Twins 10-0
In 1997, 1st US ambassador since Saigon fell arrives in Vietnam
In 1997, San Diego Padres retire #35 worn by pitcher Randy Jones
In 1998, ABC Masters Bowling Tournament won by

[Channel Island, Guernsey, Jersey] Liberation Day (1945)
[Ireland] Feis Ceoil music festival (1897)
[Poland, USSR] Victory Day [in World War II]
[US] Mother's Day, give her a call today
[US] Native American/Indian Day
[World] North Pole Flight Day (1926)

In 2004, [Jewish] Lag B'Omer-Love for Holy Land Day (Iyyar 18, 5764)
In 2011, [Jewish] Yom Haatzmaut (Iyyar 5, 5771)
In 2019, [Jewish] Yom Haatzmaut (Iyyar 4, 5779)
In 2023, [Jewish] Lag B'Omer-Love for Holy Land Day (Iyyar 18, 5783)
In 2057, [Jewish] Yom Haatzmaut (Iyyar 5, 5817)
[Ang] Feast Day of St Beatus of Lungern/Vend“me, patron of Switz
[Ang] Feast Day of St Gerontius of Cervia
[Ang] Feast Day of St Pachomius
[Bari, Italy] St-Nicolaas, bishop of Myra
[Christian-Bruges Belgium] Holy Blood Procession
[Christian] Feast of St Joan
[Franciscan] Catherine of Bologna, virgin
[RC] Gregory of Nazianze the younger, archbishop of Constantinople
[old RC, Ang] Comm St Gregory Nazianzen, bp of Constantinople/doctor

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 211 of 402: Cheryl  (CherylB) * Tue, May  9, 2000 (17:59) * 5 lines 
Marcia, as you noted today is the birthday of John Brown. It is the bicentennial of his birth in fact. Brown is fascinating, but also one of the most problemic figures in American History. He was a deeply religious man with a strong sense of justice, but his bent toward employing extreme violence in support of his cause, makes him a problemic hero. I've never thought that Brown was mad. That is something which African-American historians have noted about white Americans. To their minds, some whites too easily dismiss Brown as a madman. He was nowhere near that simple. Brown truly hated the institution of slavery, and he held equal vehemence toward racism. His actions were in part triggered by the Supreme Court's handing down of the Dred Scott Decision, and the probable expansion of slavery into the western territories, such as Kansas.

The novelist Russell Banks has noted that John Brown was a very American man as evidenced by his taking up of arms to fight against what he felt was an injustice. The history of the United States is rife with such people and actions from the 17th Century to the present. Brown is not only a hero to those opposed to racism, but also to the extreme wing of the Pro-Life movement. They justify their bombings of reproductive rights clinics and murders of doctors that perform abortions by Brown's actions against slavery. It is frightening.

John Brown remains complex, compelling, and elusive. Yes, he did have the courage of his convictions, but at what extreme cost were his ideals to be realized?

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 212 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Tue, May  9, 2000 (18:26) * 1 lines 
One must be prepared to sacrifice greatly to accomplish greatly... Tom Brown was one such driven person. I lived in West Virginia for four years and they do not like to talk about him with newcomers, which they consider "outsiders." In four years of trying to get a handle on this enigmatic man, I was unable to do so and he remains as elusive to me as ever. Thank you for bringing up the whole situation concerning his life and times. Fascinating.

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 213 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Tue, May  9, 2000 (20:01) * 9 lines 
I asked John about John Brown. he replied:

If you believe in equality and that sometimes people have to march to a
moral authority that is above but against the law (Emerson, Thoreau, Gandhi,
Jesus), then John Brown is a hero. If you believe that whites are superior
to blacks and should be treated as such or if you believe the law of men is
the law, and that following the law is the only moral authority, then Brown
would be a villain--as were Jesus, Gandhi, Emerson and Thoreau.

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 214 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Wed, May 10, 2000 (20:54) * 57 lines 
Today is Wednesday, May 10, the 131st day of 2000 with 235 to follow.
The moon is in its first quarter.

The morning stars are Venus and Jupiter. The evening stars Mercury
and Mars. Those born on this date are under the sign of Taurus. They
include British statesman and scholar James Bryce in 1838; Swiss
theologian Karl Barth in 1886; Max Steiner, who composed movie
themes, in 1888; actor/dancer Fred Astaire in 1899; movie producer
David O. Selznick ("Gone With The Wind") in 1902; pediatrician/author
T. Berry Brazelton in 1918 (age 82); actress Nancy Walker in 1921;
actor Gary Owens ("Rowan and Martin's Laugh-In") in 1936 (age 64);
and U2 lead singer Bono in 1960 (age 40).

On this date in history:
In 1865, Confederate President Jefferson Davis was captured by Union
troops and spent the next two years in prison. In 1869, the "golden
spike" was driven at Promontory, Utah, joining the Union Pacific and
the Central Pacific lines to form America's first transcontinental

In 1940, Nazi Germany invaded Belgium, Luxembourg and the
Netherlands, swinging 89 army divisions around France's so-called
"impregnable" Maginot Line. Scarcely one month later, German forces
entered Paris.

In 1973, a federal grand jury investigating the Watergate scandal
indicted former Attorney General John Mitchell and former Commerce
Secretary Maurice Stans on perjury charges.

In 1984, a federal judge in Utah found the U.S. government negligent
in above-ground Nevada nuclear tests from 1951 to 1962 that exposed
downwind residents to radiation.

In 1992, at least 14 coal miners were killed in an underground
explosion at a mine in Nova Scotia, Canada. In 1993, in Orlando,
Fla., jury selection began in the racially charged retrial of William
Lozano, the Hispanic Miami police officer charged with killing two
black motorcyclists.

Also in 1993, the FDA approved the sale of the first female condom.
In 1994, Nelson Mandela was inaugurated as South Africa's first black
president. Also in 1994, the Michigan Court of Appeals struck down
the state's ban on assisted suicide. And in 1994, John Wayne Gacy,
the convicted killer of 33 young men and boys, was executed in
Illinois. In 1995, a second man, Terry Nichols, was charged in the
bombing of the federal building in Oklahoma City. Also in 1995, the
World Health Organization said a mysterious disease in Zaire was
caused by the deadly Ebola virus. By the time the outbreak was
declared over in late August, 244 of the 315 known victims had died.

In 1997, President Clinton attended a summit of 15 Caribbean leaders
in Barbadoes.

A thought for the day: it was actor Peter Ustinov who observed,
"Parents are the bones on which children sharpen their teeth."

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 215 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Wed, May 10, 2000 (21:13) * 0 lines 

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 216 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Wed, May 10, 2000 (23:24) * 395 lines 
People on May 10th: birthdates

Jim Abrahams: 1944 (is 56 in 2000, 57 in 2001) (*)
Movie Director, Writer, Airplane!, Hot Shots, Top Secret
Ron Banks: 1951 (is 49 in 2000, 50 in 2001)
Rhythm and Blues Singer, lead of The Dramatics
Taurean Blacque: 1940 (is 60 in 2000, 61 in 2001)?
TV Actor, Hill St. Blues' Det. Neal Washington; some also say b. May 1946; some say
b. Aug 21, 1948 (is 52 in 2000)
Bono: 1960 (is 40 in 2000, 41 in 2001)
Rock & Roll Singer, Songwriter, Irish, b. in Dublin; U2 lead; RN:Paul Hewson
Barbara Taylor Bradford: 1933 (is 67 in 2000, 68 in 2001)
Jason Brooks: 1966 (is 34 in 2000, 35 in 2001)
Soap Actor, Days of our Lives' Peter Blake
Mark David Chapman: 1955 (is 45 in 2000, 46 in 2001)
Assassin, The scum who killed John Lennon
David Clennon: 1943 (is 57 in 2000, 58 in 2001)
TV/Movie Actor, thirtysomething's Miles, Almost Perfect's Neal Luder
Teri Copley: 1961 (is 39 in 2000, 40 in 2001)
Actress, We Got It Made's Mickey MacKenzie; Christopher Mayer's ex-
Gary Daley: 1962 (is 38 in 2000, 39 in 2001)
New Wave Musician, of China Crisis
Jason Dalyrimple: 1980 (is 20 in 2000, 21 in 2001)
Rhythm and Blues Performer, of Soul For Real
Donovan: 1946 (is 54 in 2000, 55 in 2001) (*)
Classic Rock Singer, Guitarist, Songwriter, Scotish, b. in Glasgow; Sunshine
Superman; LN:Phillip Leitch or Donald P. Leitch; some say b. Feb 10 or 1943
Sly Dunbar: 1952 (is 48 in 2000, 49 in 2001)
Drummer, Music Producer, Songwriter, Jamaican, of Sly & Robbie, RFN:Noel
Henry Fambrough: 1938 (is 62 in 2000, 63 in 2001)?
Rhythm and Blues Singer, of The Spinners; AP says 1938; some say b. May 10, 1935
(is 65 in 2000)
Jay Ferguson: 1947 (is 53 in 2000, 54 in 2001)
Rock & Roll Singer, Keyboardist, RFN:John; of Spirit
Meg Foster: 1948 (is 52 in 2000, 53 in 2001)?
Actress, Cagney & Lacey's Det. Chris Cagney (1982), Sharon Gless took over the
role in the second season; AP says May 14.; some say b. May 14, 1948 (is 52 in
Graham Gouldman: 1946 (is 54 in 2000, 55 in 2001)?
Rock & Roll Performer, Keyboardist, Singer/Guitarist, Songwriter, Bassist, English, of
Mockingbirds, Wayne Fontana & the Mindbenders, 10cc, Wax, The Teardrop
Explodes; some say b. May 10, 1945 (is 55 in 2000)
Jordan Hewson: 1989 (is 11 in 2000, 12 in 2001)
Celebrity Daughter, Bono & Ali's daughter; aka U3
Larry Flash Jenkins: yr unknown
Actor, Speeder in karate & sports; The White Shadow's Wardell Stone, Bay City
Blues, Finder of Lost Loves
Lawrence Lau: 1954 (is 46 in 2000, 47 in 2001)
Soap Actor, All My Children's Greg Nelson, Another World's Jamie Frame; some say
b. 1953
Maureen Lipman: 1946 (is 54 in 2000, 55 in 2001)
Movie Actress, Educating Rita, Wonderworks
Jackie Lomax: 1944 (is 56 in 2000, 57 in 2001)
Singer, Songwriter, English
Dave Mason: 1946 (is 54 in 2000, 55 in 2001)
Rock & Roll Performer, Singer/Guitarist, Composer/Songwriter, English, lead of
Traffic, soloist; some say 1944, 45, or 47
Emily Katherine McEnroe: 1991 (is 9 in 2000, 10 in 2001)
Celebrity Daughter, Tatum O'Neal & John's daughter
Judson Mills: 1969 (is 31 in 2000, 32 in 2001)
Soap Actor, As The World Turns' Hutch Hutchinson (sounds like Starsky's partner);
Christiaan Mills' hubby, Walker Texas Ranger
Krist Novoselic: 1965 (is 35 in 2000, 36 in 2001)
Heavy Metal Bassist, of Nirvana
Gary Owens: 1936 (is 64 in 2000, 65 in 2001) (*)
HALL OF FAMER, Radio Disc Jock, Cartoon Voicist, Announcer, Variety Show Host,
Panelist, Rowan & Martin's Laugh In announcer, Gong Show host/panelist, The
Banana Splits, Yogi Bear, Space Ghost, Green Hornet, comedy LPs; Owens was the
orignal voice behind the Cartoon Network's late night host with the most Space Ghost,
and also the narrator for SG's original cartoon which also featured Johnny Carson as
"Dino Boy."
Erik Palladino: 1968 (is 32 in 2000, 33 in 2001)
Actor, ER's Dr. David Mallucci
Marie-France Pisier: 1944 (is 56 in 2000, 57 in 2001)
Actress, Vietnamese, Scruples
Jimmy Ponder: 1946 (is 54 in 2000, 55 in 2001)
Jazz Performer, Guitarist
Victoria Rowell: 1960 (is 40 in 2000, 41 in 2001)
TV/Movie Actress, Soap Actress, Young & the Restless' Drucilla Barber Winters,
Cosby Show's Paula, Diagnosis Murder's Amanda Livingston
Homer Simpson: 1955 (is 45 in 2000, 46 in 2001) (*)
Fictious Character, Simpsons character
Trevin Valentine: 1987 (is 13 in 2000, 14 in 2001)
Celebrity Son, Kim & Scott's son
Julius Wechter: 1935 (is 65 in 2000, 66 in 2001)
Musician, Marimba player; of Herb Alpert's Tijuana Brass
Bert Weedon: 1920 (is 80 in 2000, 81 in 2001)?
Singer, Guitarist, Songwriter, English; some say b. May 10, 1921 (is 79 in 2000)
Young M.C.: 1967 (is 33 in 2000, 34 in 2001)
Rap Singer, English, RN:Marvin Young
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People on May 10th: birth anniversaries

Carl Albert: 1908=d.Feb 4, 2000 (was 91)
Congressperson, ex-White House speaker
Arthur B. Jr. Alexander: 1940=d.Jun 9, 1993 (was 53)
Soul Singer, Country Singer, Songwriter, Music Producer
Fred Astaire: 1899=d.Jun 22, 1987 (was 88)
HALL OF FAMER, Dancer, TV/Movie Actor, Singer, TV Host, Episcopalian,
Choreographer, b. in Omaha, Ne.; RN:Frederick Austerlitz; major star of 30 film
musicals; It Takes a Thief's Alister, Alcoa Premiere; Robin Smith's hubby; d. in Los
Edward "Ed" Barrow: 1868=d.????
HALL OF FAMER, MLB Manager, Executive, N.Y. Yankees prez 1921-45
John Wilkes Booth: 1838?=d.Apr 26, 1865
Stage Actor, Assassin, He assassinated Lincoln; some say b. Aug 26, 1838
Lee Brilleaux: 1952=d.Apr 7, 1994 (was 41)
Singer, English, South African, b. in Durban; founder of the rhythm and blues band Dr.
Feelgood; thanks to Shirley for the birthdate
Clarence Brown: 1890?=d.Aug 17, 1987 (was 97)
Movie Director; some say b. May 1, 1890
"Mother" Maybelle Carter: 1909=d.Oct 23, 1978 (was 69)
HALL OF FAMER, Country Singer, Songwriter, Guitarist, of The Carter Family;
Mother of June, Helen, & Anita
Ariel Durant: 1898=d.Oct 25, 1981 (was 83)
Historian, Russian, American, Will's wife; The Story of Civilization
Augustin Jean Fresnel: 1788=d.Jul 14, 1827 (was 39)
Physicist, French, pioneered in optics and did much to establish the wave theory of
light advanced by Thomas Young.
Robert Gray: 1755=d.Sep, 1806
Navigator, Explorer, first to carry the U.S. Flag around the world as the captain of the
first ship to circumnavigate the globe and explorer of the Columbia River.
Thurston Hall: 1882=d.Feb 20, 1958 (was 75)
Actor, Topper's Mr. Schuyler
Vincent T. Hamlin: 1900=d.Jun 14, 1993 (was 93) (*)
ComicStrip Cartoonist, Journalist, Alley Oop creator
David Huffman: 1945=d.Feb 27, 1985 (was 39)
Movie Actor, FIST, Onion Field
Pee Wee Hunt: 1907=d.Jun 22, 1979 (was 72)
Singer, Trombonist, Bandleader, Jazz Musician
Charles Knowlton: 1800=d.Feb 20, 1850 (was 49)
Physician, whose popular treatise on birth control, the object of celebrated court
actions in the United States and England, initiated the widespread use of
Mel Lewis: 1929=d.Feb 2, 1990 (was 60)
Drummer, Bandleader, Jazz Musician
Sir Thomas Lipton: 1850=d.Oct 2, 1931 (was 81)
Merchant, Scotish, of Lipton Tea
Margo: 1918=d.Jul 17, 1985 (was 67)
Actress, Viva Zapata; Eddie Albert's wife
Charles McGraw: 1914=d.Jul 30, 1980 (was 66)
TV/Movie Actor, Casablanca, The Smith Family's Capt. Hughes; Hollywood tough guy
Mae Murray: 1885?=d.Mar 23, 1965
Actress, MN:Marie Adrienne Koenig; some say b. May 10, 1889
Danny Rapp: 1941=d.Apr 5, 1983 (was 41)
Singer, b. in Philadelphia; lead of Danny and the Juniors
George Ross: 1730=d.Jul 14, 1779 (was 49)
Judge/Jurist, Attorney/Lawyer, Revolutionary, Politician, Declaration of Independence
Rudolf Schoenheimer: 1898=d.Sep 11, 1941 (was 43)
Biochemist, German, whose technique of "tagging" molecules with radioactive
isotopes made it possible to trace the paths of organic substances through animals
and plants and revolutionized metabolic studies.
David O. Selznick: 1902=d.Jun 22, 1965 (was 63)
Movie Producer, Duel in the Sun, The Third Man, Gone With the Wind, Rebecca;
Jennifer Jones' hubby
Jared Sparks: 1789=d.Mar 14, 1866 (was 76)
Historian, Editor, Publisher, Biographer, editor of the North American Review, and
president of Harvard College.
Max Steiner: 1888=d.Dec 28, 1971 (was 83)
Conductor/Composer, Austrian, Gone With The Wind, Casablanca
Dimitri Tiomkin: 1899=d.Nov 11, 1979 (was 80)
Composer, Musician, Pianist, American, Russian, of films such as High Noon, The
High And The Mighty, The Old Man And The Sea, Gunfight At The O.K. Corral, Rio
Bravo, The Alamo, The Guns Of Navarone, amd Tchaikovsky
Sid Vicious: 1957=d.Feb 2, 1979 (was 21) (*)
Punk Rock Singer/Guitarist, Bassist, Songwriter, British, RN:John Simon Ritchie; of
The Sex Pistols
Nancy Walker: 1922=d.Mar 25, 1992 (was 69) (*)
TV/Movie/Stage Actress, Comedienne, Director, Singer, Jewish, b. in Philadelphia;
Family Affair's Emily Turner, McMillan & Wife's Mildred, Rhoda's Ida Morgenstern,
Nancy Walker Show's Nancy Kitteridge, Blansky's Beauties' Nancy Blansky, True
Colors' Sara Freeman; RN:Anne Myrtle Swoyer; Bounty paper towels as Rosie; some
say 1921
Larry Williams: 1935=d.Jan 2, 1980 (was 44)
Pianist, Songwriter, Singer, R&B-Rock
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People on May 10th: death anniversaries

Scotty Beckett: 1968 (was 38)/b.Oct 4, 1929
TV/Movie Actor, of Our Gang
Joan Crawford: 1977 (was 69)/b.Mar 23, 1908
Movie Actress, Singer, b. in San Antonio, TX; RN:Lucille Le Sueur; Douglas
Fairbanks Jr.'s ex-; some say d. May 13 or b. 1904; d. in New York
James Europe Europe: 1919 (was 38)?/b.Feb 22, 1881
Bandleader, 1st black bandleader to record; some say d. May 9, 1919 (was 38)
John Wayne Gacy: 1994 (was 52)/b.Mar 17, 1942
Outlaw, serial killer; was convicted of 33 slayings after bodies were found buried in
the crawl space under his suburban Chicago home. Executed in Illinois.
Carol Haney: 1964 (was 39)/b.Dec 24, 1924?
Movie/Stage Actress, Dancer, Choreographer, Panelist, Pantotime Quiz reg; some
say b. Dec 24, 1928
John Wesley Hyatt: 1920 (was 82)/b.Nov 28, 1837
Inventor, patented celluloid, 1st practical synthetic material
Thomas Jonathan "Stonewall" Jackson: 1863 (was 39)/b.Jan 21, 1824
General, b. in Clarksburg, VA; Confederate general in the American Civil War, one of
its most skillful tacticians, who gained his sobriquet "Stonewall" by his stand at the
First Battle of Bull Run (called First Manassas by the South) in 1861; died from
wounds received at Chancellorsville
King Louis XV Of France: 1774 (was 64)/b.Feb 15, 1710
King, ruled 1715-74
Jack E. Leonard: 1973 (was 62)/b.Apr 24, 1911
Comedian, RN:Leonard Lebitsky
John Lund: 1992 (was 79)/b.Feb 6, 1913?
Movie Actor; some say b. Feb 6, 1911
Robert Moore: 1984 (was 56)/b.Aug 17, 1927
Stage Actor, Stage Director, of Diana; Broadway's 70-80s successful dir. (Promises
Promises, Deathtrap, Woman of the Year)
Susan Oliver: 1990 (was 53)/b.Feb 13, 1937 (*)
Actress, TV Director, Soap Actress, Star Trek The Cage episode; Peyton Place's
Ann Howard, Days of Our Lives' Dr. Laura Horton, supporting plyr in 100s of 50-70s
Walker Percy: 1990 (was 73)/b.May 28, 1916
Novelist, Philosopher, Physician, Psychiatrist, Great southern writer; B. 5-14?
George E. Price: 1964 (was 64)/b.1900
ComicStrip Cartoonist, Vaudevillan, Comedian, Singer, N.Y. lower class life
Jed Prouty: 1956 (was 77)/b.Apr 6, 1879
Movie Actor, Vaudevillan, Comedian
Paul Revere: 1818 (was 83)/b.Jan 1, 1735 O.S. (*)
Statesman, ComicStrip Cartoonist, Revolutionary, Inventor, Engraver, b. in Boston;
Silversmith; Political; New England Patriot; False Teeth, Eye Glasses, Picture
Frames, Surgical Tools, warned the colonists "The British Are Coming!"; d. in Boston;
other style says b. Jan 12, 1735 N.S.
Woody Herman Shaw: 1989 (was 44)/b.Dec 24, 1944
Jazz Trumpeter, Composer, Flugelhorn, Bandleader, d. 5-9 or 5-11?
Shel Silverstein: 1999 (was 66)/b.Nov 23, 1932 (*)
Novelty Singer, Author, Composer/Songwriter, Cartoonist, Poet, Artist, The Smokeoff
and many other poetic gems
Sir Henry Morton Stanley: 1904 (was 63)/b.Jan 28, 1841?
Explorer, Journalist, English, RN:John Rowlands; found David Livingstone; some say
b. Jan 31, 1841
Edward L. Stratemeyer: 1930 (was 67)/b.Oct 4, 1862
Children's Author, The Hardy Boys, Nancy Drew, Tom Swift; used over 60 pen names
Sylvia Syms: 1992 (was 74)/b.Jan 6, 1918
Pop Singer, Jazz Singer, English, saloons; Hello Dolly, Dream Girl, Them There Eyes;
some say b. 1934 or June 1 or Dec 1-1919
George Vancouver: 1798 (was 40)/b.Jun 22, 1757
Navigator, Explorer, Author, British, surveyed Pacific coast from S.F. to Vancouver
Joseph M. "Joe" Weber: 1942 (was 74)/b.Aug 11, 1867 (*)
Comedian, Stage Actor, Singer, of Weber & (Lewis) Fields
Peter Weiss: 1982 (was 65)/b.Nov 8, 1916
Dramatist/Playwright, Novelist, German
Thomas Young: 1829 (was 55)/b.Jun 13, 1773
Physician, Physicist, English, Deciphered the Rosetta Stone; proponent of the wave
theory of light
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General events on May 10th

An Recommendation:
Television Themes: 16 Most Requested Songs
Various / Audio CD / Published 1994 Buy It Here

In 1652, John Johnson, a free black granted 550 acres in Northampton Va.
In 1676, Bacon's Rebellion, frontiersmen vs Virginia govt begins.
In 1837, There was a financial panic in the United States
In 1876, the Centennial Fair opened in Philadelphia.
In 1908, the first Mother's Day was observed during church services in Grafton, West Virginia, and Philadelphia. Anna
May Jarvis organized the first official Mother's Day service at St. Andrew Methodist Church in Grafton, W.Va. in honor of
her mother who had passed away two years earlier on the second Sunday in May.
In 1974, The Prime Interest Rate went to 11.25 percent
In 1998, 2 years ago, the FAA grounded older models of the Boeing 737 after mandatory inspections of some aircraft
found extensive wear in power lines running through their wing fuel tanks.
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Government and Politics on May 10th

In 1775, Second Continental Congress convened in Pennsylvania and issued paper currency for first time.
In 1872, Victoria Claflin Woodhull became the first woman nominated for the U.S. Presidency. She was nominated by
the National Equal Rights Party.
In 1924, The F.B.I. appoints J. Edgar Hoover as director, a post Hoover will retain until his death in 1972.
In 1933, the Nazis staged massive public book burnings in Germany.
In 1940, 60 years ago, British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain resigned, and Winston Churchill formed a new
In 1960, 40 years ago, John F Kennedy wins primary in West Virginia.
In 1971, the U.S. Special delivery rates go up from 45 cents to 60 cents.
In 1973, a federal grand jury investigating the Watergate scandal indicted former Attorney General John Mitchell and
former Commerce Secretary Maurice Stans on perjury charges. The burglary at Democratic party offices in the
Watergate office complex eventually led to President Nixon's most trusted aides...and attempts to cover up their
involvement let to Nixon himself.
In 1976, COVER OF "TIME" Presidential Candidate JIMMY CARTER ("Jimmy's Breakthrough")
In 1981, Socialist Francois Mitterrand defeated incumbent Valery Giscard d'Estaing in the second round of France's
presidential election.
In 1982, at John Hinckley Jr.'s trial for shooting President Reagan and others, a psychiatrist who had treated him in
Colorado said Hinckley never showed one sympton of mental illness. Six weeks later, Hinckley was found not guilty by
reason of sanity.
In 1984, a federal judge in Salt Lake City, Utah, ruled the government was negligent in its 1950s open-air nuclear
weapons testing, and ordered it to pay $2.6 million in ten cancer cases (the award was later overturned).
In 1984, the International Court of Justice said the U.S. should halt any actions to blockade Nicaragua's ports (the U.S.
had already said it would not recognize World Court jurisdiction on this issue.).
In 1985, 15 years ago, President Reagan was greeted by Vice President George Bush as he returned to Washington
from his four-nation tour of Europe.
In 1989, in Panama, the government of General Manuel Antonio Noriega announced it had nullified the country's
elections, whech independent observers said the opposition had won by a three-to-one margin.
In 1990, 10 years ago, The government of China announced the release of 211 dissidents who had been involved in
pro-democracy demonstrations a year earlier.
In 1991, Alexander Bessmertnykh became the first Soviet foreign minister to visit Israel as he met with Prime Minister
Yitzhak Shamir and Foreign Minister David Levy.
In 1993, members of the Senate Armed Services Committee visited the Norfolk Naval Base in Virginia for a hearing on
the issue of homosexuals in the military; most of the sailors said they favored keeping the ban on gays.
In 1993, in Orlando, Fla., jury selection began in the racially charged retrial of William Lozano, the Hispanic Miami police
officer charged with killing two black motorcyclists.
In 1993, the FDA approved the sale of the first female condom.
In 1994, media magnate Silvio Berlusconi formed Italy's first conservative government in half-century.
In 1994, Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela was sworn in as the first black President Of South Africa after winning the first free
election in South Africa's history.
In 1994, serial killer John Wayne Gacy was executed by lethal injection in Joliet, Il. He was convicted of killing 33 young
men and boys during the 1970s.
In 1994, Silvio Berlusconi forms Italian govt with 5 neo-fascists.
In 1995, 5 years ago, former President Bush's office released his letter of resignation from the National Rifle Association
in which Bush expressed outrage over its reference to federal agents as "jack-booted government thugs."
In 1995, 5 years ago, the World Health Organization said a mysterious disease in Zaire was caused by the deadly Ebola
virus. By the time the outbreak was declared over in late August, 244 of the 315 known victims had died.
In 1997, President Clinton signed modest drug-fighting and trade agreements with Caribbean leaders in Barbados.
In 1998, 2 years ago, Sinn Fein (shin fayn) leader Gerry Adams won full backing for the Northern Ireland peace accord in
a fundamental reversal of decades-old policy.
In 1999, 1 year ago, China broke off talks on arms control with the United States, and allowed demonstrators to hurl
stones at the US Embassy in Beijing for a third day to protest NATO's bombing of the Chinese Embassy in Yugoslavia.
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War, Crime and Disaster events on May 10th

In 1635, It was a preview of the Civil War when Virginians and Marylanders engaged in a naval fight. By the way, France
declared war on Spain the same day.
In 1655, Jamaica captured by English.
In 1755, Fort Ticonderoga was captured by Ethan Allen, a feat so daring that today furniture is named after him. The
Second Continental Congress opened the same day in Philadelphia.
In 1775, Ethan Allen and his Green Mountain Boys captured the British-held fortress at Ticonderoga, New York.
In 1796, Napoleon defeats Austria in Battle of Lodi Bridge.
In 1797, The "United States", the first ship of the U.S. Navy, is launched.
In 1865, Union forces captured Confederate President Jefferson Davis in Irwinville, Georgia. He spent the next two years
in prison.
In 1919, Brig. General Douglas MacArthur is named to head West Point.
In 1931, Golf ball size hail falls in Burlington NJ.
In 1934, dust storms sweep away three hundred million tons of topsoil in Arkansas, Colorado, Oklahoma, and Texas.
Hundreds of farmers subsequently abandon their land.
In 1940, 60 years ago, Dutch torpedo boat Johan van Galen sinks.
In 1940, 60 years ago, Dutch-Indies Gov Van Starkenborch proclaims end to state of siege.
In 1940, 60 years ago, French marines stationed on Aruba.
In 1940, 60 years ago, French troops arrive in Zealand/Brabant Netherlands.
In 1940, 60 years ago, Hitler and the Nazi armies invaded and attacked Netherlands, Belgium and Luxembourg.
In 1940, 60 years ago, Nazi army overthrows eastern Europe.
In 1940, 60 years ago, Germany invaded Belgium, Luxembourg and the Netherlands. They were taken without a fight.
France had fortifications called the Maginot (mah-zhih-NOH') Line. It was supposed to be impregnable. The Nazis simply
went around it...with 89 divisions. A few weeks later they took Paris. Ironically, it was on this day in 1871 that German
ceded Alsace and Lorraine to France. These two regions have changed hands so many times that a language is spoken
there that is a sort of a mix of French and German.
In 1940, 60 years ago, Nazi Germany invaded Belgium, Luxembourg and the Netherlands, swinging 89 army divisions
around France's so-called "impregnable" Maginot Line. Scarcely one month later, German forces entered Paris.
In 1941, England's House of Commons and Holborn Theater destroyed in a blitz.
In 1941, German Luftwaffe strikes London with fire bombs.
In 1941, Adolf Hitler's deputy, Rudolf Hess, parachuted into Scotland on what he claimed was a peace mission. (Hess
ended up serving a life sentence at Spandau prison until 1987, when he apparently committed suicide).
In 1944, Chinese offensive in West-Yunnan.
In 1945, Allies capture Rangoon from the Japanese.
In 1945, Russian troops occupied Prague.
In 1966, the lowest temperature ever experienced in Cleveland in the month of May is recorded, 25 degrees.
In 1967, Stockholm Vietnam-Tribunal declares US aggression in Vietnam/Cambodia.
In 1968, preliminary Vietnam peace talks began in Paris between the U.S. and North Vietnam.
In 1972, Overloaded South Korean bus plunges into reservoir, killing 77.
In 1986, Soviet official Valentin Falin was quoted by the West German magazine "Der Spiegel" as saying two more
people had died from the Chernobyl nuclear disaster, bringing the reported death toll to four.
In 1989, Gen Manuel Noriega's govt nullifies country's elections, which the opposition had won by a 3-1 margin.
In 1992, at least 14 coal miners were killed in an underground explosion at a mine in Nova Scotia, Canada.
In 1993, at least 188 workers were killed in a doll factory fire in Bangkok, Thailand.
In 1995, 5 years ago, Terry Nichols, a second man, was charged in the bombing of the federal building in Oklahoma
In 1995, 5 years ago, In Orkney, South Africa, 104 miners were killed in an elevator accident.
In 1996, two Marine helicopters collided in the dark and crashed in a piney swamp at Camp Lejeune, N.C., during a
U.S.-British training exercise, killing 14 people.
In 1997, A powerful earthquake in northeastern Iran claimed at least 24-hundred lives.
In 1999, 1 year ago, a military jury at Camp Lejeune, North Carolina, sentenced Captain Richard Ashby, a Marine pilot
whose jet had clipped an Italian gondola cable, sending 20 people plunging to their deaths, to six months in prison and
dismissed him from the corps for helping hide a videotape shot during the flight (Ashby was acquitted earlier of
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Royalty and Religious events on May 10th

In 1285, Philip IV "the Fair" succeeds to French throne
In 1291, Edward I, King of England, invites the Scots clergy and nobility to meet with him at Norham, to discuss who shall
be King of Scots
In 1550, John Knox's sermon launches Scottish Reformation
In 1774, Louis XVI ascended the throne of France. Didn't Allan Sherman write a song about him? (*)
In 1939, the Methodist Church is reunited after 109 years of division.
In 1946, Umberto II succeeds Victor Emmanuel III as king of Italy.
In 1963, Pope John XXIII received the Balzan Peace Prize, the first peace prize ever awarded to a pope.
In 1978, Britain's Princess Margaret and the Earl of Snowdon announced they were divorcing after 18 years of marriage.

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 217 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Wed, May 10, 2000 (23:25) * 283 lines 
May 10th continues...

In 1497, Amerigo Vespucci sailed for the New World for the first time. Christopher Columbus got there first, but
Vespucci wrote about his voyages. A Swiss publisher put out an atlas after learning of Vespucci's adventures but before
learning about Columbus's. He suggested naming the New World after Vespucci...and so put America on the map.
In 1501, an expedition left Europe to explore Brazil
In 1503, Columbus found the Tortugas Islands
In 1534, French navigator Jacques Cartier reaches Newfoundland.
In 1823, the first steamboat to ascent the Mississippi River arrived at Fort Snelling, Minnesota.
In 1869, a golden spike was driven by California Governor Stanford at Promontory, Utah, marking the completion of the
first transcontinental railroad in the United States.
In 1879, Meteor falls near Estherville, Iowa.
In 1879, the Archaeological Institute of America is founded.
In 1910, Comet Halley's closest approach to Earth in 1910 pass.
In 1930, the first planetarium in the U.S. opened to the public; it ws the Adler Planetarium in Chicago, Illinois.
In 1959, archeologists find ruins of Nero's gardens in Rome.
In 1969, Apollo 10 transmits the first color TV pictures of earth from space.
In 1979, Vivekananda (Sri Lanka) completed a nonstop cycle ride of 187 hrs, 28 min, around Vihara Maha Devi Park,
Columbia, Sri Lanka [From May 2].
In 1986, Navy Lt. Commander Donnie Cochran became the first black pilot to fly with the celebrated "Blue Angels"
precision aerial demonstration team.
In 1990, 10 years ago, French TGV-train hits record speed of 510.6 kph.
In 1992, astronaut Pierre Thuot tried but failed to snag a wayward satellite during a spacewalk outside the shuttle
Endeavour. A trio of astronauts succeeded in capturing the Intelsat-Six three days later.
In 1994, an annular, or "ring," eclipse cast a moving shadow across the United States.
In 1994, an annular, or "ring," eclipse cast a moving shadow across the United States; it darkened skies in a 150-mile
swath across North America.
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Entertainment events on May 10th

An Recommendation:
Leonard Maltin's Movie Encyclopedia : Career Profiles of More Than 2,000 Actors and Filmmakers, Past and
Leonard Maltin, et al / Paperback / Published 1995 Buy It Here

In 1955, Homer Simpson, Cartoon Character, born; date according to E.T. (*)
In 1988, "Phantom Of The Opera" album by Andrew Lloyd Webber was certified Gold by the RIAA
In 1999, 1 year ago, Cartoonist, playwright and songwriter Shel Silverstein was found dead in his Key West, Florida,
apartment; he was 66. (*)
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Entertainment-TV events on May 10th

In 1928, WGY in Schenectady began regular TV programming.
In 1948, "Broadway Jamboree", TV Series, TV's first all black series; debut on NBC.
In 1948, NBC launches TV's first all-black variety series with the debut episode of "Broadway Minstrels." The format will
last two weeks, then will become the not-all-black "Broadway Jamboree."
In 1958, on the cover of TV Guide: "Richard Boone of Have Gun Will Travel". Other Articles: Hitchcock Presents
In 1959, "Omnibus", TV Anthology; last aired on NBC.
In 1969, on the cover of TV Guide: "TV's Role in Space Shots". Other Articles: Richard Chamberlain
In 1971, "It Was A Very Good Year", TV Documentary; debut on ABC.
In 1975, 25 years ago, on the cover of TV Guide: "Muhammad Ali". Other Articles: Untouchables, Baretta, Dinah
In 1979, "Whodunnit?", TV Game Show; last aired on NBC. Whowatchedit?
In 1979, David Huddleston stars as a popular Midwestern mayor in the NBC sitcom "Hizzoner." Also in the cast: Kathy
Cronkite (Walter's daughter), Don Galloway and Diana Muldaur.
In 1980, 20 years ago, on the cover of TV Guide: "cast of One Day at a Time". Other Articles: Tim Conway
In 1983, "Laverne And Shirley", TV Comedy; last aired on ABC. (*)
In 1985, 15 years ago, "Half-Nelson", TV Crime Drama; last aired on NBC. It got half-ratings.
In 1986, on the cover of TV Guide: "cast of Cheers". Other Articles: Susan Howard, Brothers (*)
In 1986, Barbara Walters and Merv Adelson wed in Beverly Hills, Ca.
In 1986, Motley Crue drummer Tommy Lee married actress Heather Locklear. They have since divorced and he married
Pamela Lee while Heather married Richie Sambora. Tommy was divorced by Pamela in 1998. Tommy figured that if a
rocker and an actress like Ed and Val can survive a marriage, why not he and another? He bombed both times.
In 1988, "Crime Story", TV Crime Drama; last aired on NBC.
In 1996, Today in Late Show w/ Letterman History: Letterman spends his final day in San Francisco with Manny, the
Haight-Ashbury hippie, who popularizes words such as "dank" (good), "schwag"(bad) and "diggity dank" (awesome!).
Later, Letterman makes Manny's dream come true, when he invites him to play harmonica on stage with his idol, Blues
Traveler's John Popper.
In 1997, on the cover of TV Guide: "Kate Mulgrew and Borg OR cast of Chicago Hope". Other Articles: Star Trek
Special, Chicago Hope
In 1998, 2 years ago, the miniseries "From The Earth To The Moon" concluded on HBO
Goto Top

Entertainment-Soap events on May 10th

In 1989, Another World's Mac (Douglass Watson) made his final on-screen appearrance. Douglass died of a heart
attack nine days before.
In 1999, 1 year ago, As the World Turns aired it's 11,000th show
Goto Top

Entertainment-Movies events on May 10th

An Recommendation:
The Birthday Directory
Dennis Crossland / Paperback / 1999 Buy It Here

In 1929, Walt Disney released "The Skeleton Dance", which was the first Silly Symphony cartoon.
In 1935, "The Bride of Frankenstein" (The Monster Talks!) starring Boris Karloff and Elsa Lanchester premiered at the
In 1935, Dorothy Lamour wed Herbie Kaye
In 1936, Pare Lorentz's documentary on the plight of the dust-bowl farmer, "The Plow That Broke The Plains" made for
the New Deal's Resettlement Administration premiered at the Mayflower Hotel in Washington, D.C.
In 1937, George Brent wed Constance Worth
In 1940, 60 years ago, the movie "Edison, the Man" was released in the movie theaters in USA.
In 1945, Humphrey Bogart and Mayo Methot divorced
In 1947, the cartoon short "Rabbit Transit" was released in the movie theaters in USA.
In 1948, Howard Hughes gained control of RKO.
In 1950, 50 years ago, Jayne Mansfield wed 'Paul Mansfield'
In 1956, Joan Crawford wed Alfred Steele (Pepsi-Cola prez)
In 1959, Julie Andrews wed Tony Walton
In 1978, "FM" album (soundtrack) was certified Platinum by the RIAA
In 1978, Nick Nolte wed Sharon Haddad
In 1980, 20 years ago, "Friday The 13th", the first installment featuring "Jason" opened in theaters in the U.S.A.
In 1995, 5 years ago, the movie "A Little Princess" was released in the movie theaters in USA.
In 1996, "Twister" was released in theaters in the U.S.A. with a record May opening weekend of over $41 million. It stars
Bill Paxton and Helen Hunt and grossed $100 million before the Memorial Day weekend.
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Entertainment-Radio events on May 10th

In 1982, WABC NYC plays its last record (John Lennon's Imagine), WABC joins ABC's All Talk radio network.
In 1990, 10 years ago, Howard Stern holds a mock funeral for rival John DeBella.
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Arts and Prose events on May 10th

In 1948, the comic strip "Rex Morgan, M.D.", debut.
In 1993, Paul Cezannes stilllife sells for $28,600,000 in NYC.
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Music events on May 10th

An Recommendation:
Joel Whitburn's Pop Memories 1890-1954: The History of American Popular Music
Joel Whitburn, 1890-1954. Pop Memories / Hardcover / Published 1992 Buy It Here
Joel Whitburn's Pop Hits 1940-1954
Joel Whitburn / Hardcover / Published 1996 Buy It Here
Whereever you see these initials, R.C., that means that these are excerpts of music chart data you can find in the
Billboard® paperback book family. For books spanning Top 40, pop, R and B, country, album, rock,
Top 10 weeklies, Hot 100, and even just the #1 singles off several charts, please visit D.T.'s Billboard®/
page and purchase the books directly online.

In 1940, 60 years ago, vibes player Lionel Hampton teamed up with the Nat King Cole trio to record "Central Avenue
Breakdown" and "Jack the Bellboy" on the Victor label.
In 1969, the Turtles and the Temptations performed at the White House for Tricia Nixon's Masque Ball. It was believed
they have snorted cocaine in the White House after performing there. Mark Volman falls off stage 5 times.
In 1982, "Rio" album by Duran Duran was released
In 1985, 15 years ago, The Go-Go's announce their breakup. The all-girl group's two top 10 hits are "We Got the Beat"
and "Vacation." The group launches a reunion tour in 1990.
In 1986, R.C., "West End Girls" by Pet Shop Boys peaked at #1 on the pop singles chart.
In 1986, "Rock Me Amadeus," by Falco hit #1 on UK pop chart. (*)
In 1986, R.C., "Rock Me Amadeus" by Falco peaked at #1 on the U.K. pop singles chart. (*)
In 1986, R.C., "Right Between The Eyes" by Wax peaked at #43 on the pop singles chart.
In 1994, "All Time Greatest Hits" album by Louis Armstrong was released
In 1998, 2 years ago, The voices of Ani DiFranco and the late Tammy Wynette are featured on Fox's "King of the Hill."
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Music-Easy events on May 10th

In 1969, R.C., "My Way" by Frank Sinatra peaked at #27 on the pop singles chart.
In 1975, 25 years ago, "Old Days" by Chicago entered the Top 40 chart.
In 1975, 25 years ago, R.C., "It's A Miracle" by Barry Manilow peaked at #12 on the pop singles chart.
In 1977, "Best Of Friends" album by Loggins & Messina was certified Gold by the RIAA
In 1977, "When I Need You" single by Leo Sayer was certified Gold by the RIAA
In 1978, "Son Of A Son Of A Sailor" album by Jimmy Buffett was certified Platinum by the RIAA
In 1980, 20 years ago, "Little Jeannie" by Elton John entered the Top 40 chart.
In 1984, "Against All Odds (take A Look At Me Now)" single by Phil Collins was certified Gold by the RIAA
In 1986, "A Different Corner" by George Michael entered the Top 40 chart.
In 1986, "Holding Back The Years" by Simply Red entered the Top 40 chart.
In 1986, "Saturday Night Live" musical guest Paul Simon performs "You Can Call Me Al," "Homeless" and "Graceland."
Within the next year and a half, Simon will have performed over half of his "Graceland" album on the program.
In 1994, Barbra Striesand's begins 1st concert tour in 30 years.
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Music-Rock events on May 10th

An Recommendation:
Virgin Encyclopedia Guide To Independent/New Wave Music
Published 1998 Buy It Here

In 1954, Bill Haley recorded the landmark rock and roll classic "Rock Around The Clock". It wasn't until the release of the
film "Blackboard Jungle" where the song played over the opening titles that anyone realized how exiciting and
contagoius the song was.
In 1963, it was the Rolling Stones first official recording session at Olympic Studios in London. Andrew Oldham
produced the songs. The session included "Come On" and "I Wanna Be Loved". The Stones would make it to the
American pop music charts in August, 1964.
In 1964, "Another Side Of Bob Dylan" album by Dylan, Bob was released
In 1964, Bob Dylan arrived in Britian for his first tour.
In 1965, The Rolling Stones recorded part of "Satisfaction" in two days at Chicago's Chess Records. It was for their "Out
of Our Heads" album
In 1965, Donovan and members of the Beatles were in the audience for the first of two Bob Dylan shows at London's
Royal Albert Hall.
In 1967, Mick Jagger, Keith Richards and Brian Jones were all in court, defending themselves in separate drug-related
In 1968, Jim Morrison of the Doors incites an audience riot during a Chicago concert, then escapes backstage as the
crowd battles with police.
In 1969, "Get Back" by Beatles entered the Top 40 chart.
In 1969, R.C., "Hair" by Cowsills peaked at #2 on the pop singles chart.
In 1969, R.C., "Hawaii Five-O" by Ventures peaked at #4 on the pop singles chart.
In 1974, Eric Clapton recorded "I Shot the Sheriff"
In 1974, The Who sold out Madison Square Gardens in New York for four nights; eight hours was enough to sell all
80,000 tickets.
In 1975, 25 years ago, "Magic" by Pilot entered the Top 40 chart.
In 1975, 25 years ago, R.C., "Young Americans" by David Bowie peaked at #28 on the pop singles chart.
In 1978, The Rolling Stones' "Miss You"/"Far Away Eyes" released. Stones begin rehearsing for their tour, at Bearsville,
in Woodstock, NY.
In 1980, 20 years ago, "Against The Wind" by Bob Seger entered the Top 40 chart.
In 1980, 20 years ago, "Coming Up (Live At Glasgow)" by Paul McCartney entered the Top 40 chart.
In 1982, "Diary Of A Madman" album by Ozzy Osbourne was certified Platinum by the RIAA
In 1986, Motley Crue drummer Tommy Lee married actress Heather Locklear. They have since divorced and he married
Pamela Lee while Heather married Richie Sambora. Tommy was divorced by Pamela in 1998. Tommy figured that if a
rocker and an actress like Ed and Val can survive a marriage, why not he and another? He bombed both times.
In 1986, R.C., "Feel It Again" by Honeymoon Suite peaked at #34 on the pop singles chart.
In 1986, R.C., "Stick Around" by Julian Lennon peaked at #32 on the pop singles chart.
In 1986, R.C., "Take Me Home" by Phil Collins peaked at #7 on the pop singles chart.
In 1986, R.C., "Your Love" by The Outfield peaked at #6 on the pop singles chart.
In 1989, "Beautiful Loser" album by Bob Seger was certified Platinum by the RIAA
In 1991, "Stick It To Ya" album by Slaughter was certified Multi Platinum 2.00 by the RIAA
In 1993, "Fate Of Nations" album by Robert Plant was released
In 1994, "Last Of The Independents" album by The Pretenders was released
In 1994, "Weezer" album by Weezer was released (*)
In 1994, Linda McCartney unveiled her new line of frozen meatless entrees she had created at a Chicago news
In 1995, 5 years ago, members of the Black Crowes donated all proceeds from their Oklahoma City concert to charities
helping the victims and survivors of the federal building bombing.
Goto Top

Music-Country events on May 10th

An Recommendation:
Joel Whitburn's Top Country Singles: 1944-1993
Joel Whitburn / Hardcover / Published 1995 Buy It Here
For more country record books, please visit D.T.'s Country Billboard®/ page.

In 1928, the Carter Family recorded "Wildwood Flower."
In 1980, 20 years ago, "Beneath Still Waters" -- a single by Emmylou Harris -- reached the number-one position on the
In 1989, "Guitars, Cadillacs, Etc., Etc." album by Dwight Yoakam was certified Platinum
In 1989, Dwight Yoakum's album "Guitars, Cadillacs, Etc." was certified platinum by the RIAA
In 1993, fire heavily damaged Mickey Gilley's theater in Branson, Missouri.
In 1994, "Ten Feet Tall And Bulletproof" album by Travis Tritt was released
In 1994, "War Paint" album by Lorrie Morgan was released
In 1994, Willie Nelson was arrested on drug possession charges in Hewitt, Texas, after a police officer found him asleep
in his car with a marijuana cigarette in the ashtray. The case was later thrown out of court, the cop was fired, and Willie
was on the road again!
In 1995, 5 years ago, Reba McEntire became the first woman in 15 years to be named entertainer of the year at the 30th
annual Academy of Country Music Awards.
In 1997, Barbara Mandrell launches her own jewelry line on the QVC cable TV channel. The "Country Sentiments" line of
earrings, rings, bracelets and necklaces range in price from $20 to $125.
Goto Top

Music-R and B / Dance events on May 10th

In 1969, "Too Busy Thinking About My Baby" by Marvin Gaye entered the Top 40 chart.
In 1969, R.C., "I Don't Want Nobody To Give Me Nothing (Open Up The Door, I'll Get It Myself)" by James Brown peaked
at #20 on the pop singles chart.
In 1974, "Just Don't Want To Be Lonely" single by Main Ingredient was certified Gold by the RIAA. The trio began as the
Poets in 1964. Cuba Gooding is heard singing lead. (Gooding's son, Cuba Jr., starred in the 1991 film "Boyz N The
Hood".) The Main Ingredient's biggest hit, "Everybody Plays The Fool" made it to number three on the pop charts (1972).
In 1974, "Wild & Peaceful" album by Kool & The Gang was certified Gold by the RIAA
In 1975, 25 years ago, "Get Down,Get Down (Get On The Floor)" by Joe Simon entered the Top 40 chart.
In 1975, 25 years ago, R.C., "Walking In Rhythm" by Blackbyrds peaked at #6 on the pop singles chart.
In 1975, 25 years ago, Stevie Wonder played an unannounced free concert near the Washington Monument in
Washington, D.C. The show drew an estimated 125,000 people to celebrate "Human Kindness Day", for which he is the
In 1977, GOLD RECORD FOR LEO SAYER "WHEN I NEED YOU" is certified as a million seller
In 1978, "Flying High On Your Love" album by Bar-kays was certified Gold by the RIAA
In 1978, "Natural High" album by Commodores was released
In 1978, "Secrets" album by Con Funk Shun was certified Gold by the RIAA
In 1980, 20 years ago, "She's Out Of My Life" by Michael Jackson entered the Top 40 chart.
In 1986, R.C., "Bad Boy" by Miami Sound Machine peaked at #8 on the pop singles chart.
In 1988, "Lovesexy" album by Prince was released
In 1991, "3 A.m. Eternal" single by KLF, The was released
In 1991, "I Like The Way" single by Hi-five was certified Gold by the RIAA
In 1994, "100% Pure Love" single by Crystal Waters was released
In 1994, "The Remixes" album by S.W.V. was released
In 1994, pop singer Paula Abdul filed for divorce from actor Emilio Estevez after two years of marriage. Guess she's not
forever his girl anymore.
In 1995, 5 years ago, "Keep Their Heads Ringin'" single by Dr. Dre was certified Gold by the RIAA
In 1996, "Woo-hah" single by Busta Rhymes was certified Gold and Platinum by the RIAA
In 1999, 1 year ago, "'N The Mix" video by 'n Sync was certified Multi Platinum 5.00 by the RIAA
Goto Top

Weird and Other events on May 10th

In 1950, 50 years ago, 05 x 10 = 50 (*)
In 1983, Lee Chin Yong did 170 continuous chin-ups in Seoul. (*)
In 2050, 05 x 10 = 50 (*)
Goto Top

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 218 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Wed, May 10, 2000 (23:29) * 0 lines 

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 219 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Wed, May 10, 2000 (23:30) * 1 lines 
That one was too inclusive - will make other arrangements while the other inclusive one is "down"

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 220 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Thu, May 11, 2000 (16:30) * 51 lines 
History for May 11:

Today is Thursday, May 11, the 132nd day of 2000 with 234 to follow.
The moon is waxing, moving toward its full phase. The morning stars
are Venus, Jupiter and Saturn. The evening stars are Mercury and
Mars. Those born on this date are under the sign of Taurus. They
include Ottmar Mergenthaler, inventor of the Linotype typesetting
machine, in 1854; songwriter Irving Berlin in 1888;
dancer-choreographer Martha Graham in 1893; Spanish surrealist
painter Salvador Dali in 1904; comic actor Phil Silvers in 1912;
actor Denver Pyle ("The Dukes of Hazzard") in 1920; satirist Mort
Sahl in 1927 (age 73); Nation of Islam leader the Rev. Louis
Farrakhan in 1933 (age 67); artificial heart developer Dr. Robert
Jarvik in 1934 (age 66); actor Doug McClure in 1938; and actress
Natasha Richardson in 1963 (age 37).

On this date in history:
In 1910, Glacier National Park in Montana was created by an act of
Congress. In 1928, the first regularly scheduled television programs
were begun by station WGY in Schenectady, N.Y. In 1987, Emmanuel
Vitria died in Marseilles in southern France at age 67, 18 years
after receiving a transplanted human heart. He was the
longest-surviving heart transplant patient.

In 1992, a three-day ordeal on Oregon's Mount Hood ended safely for
three climbers stranded with minimal gear by a sub-zero whiteout.

In 1994, Joseph Hazelwood, captain of the Exxon Valdez, told a
federal court in Anchorage, Alaska, he'd had three vodkas just hours
before the tanker ran aground, spilling 11 million gallons of oil
into Prince William Sound in 1989.

In 1995, a federal grand jury in Detroit indicted James Nichols with
conspiring with Oklahoma City bombing suspects Terry Nichols, his
brother, and Timothy McVeigh to make and set off bombs at James's
farm in Decker, Mich.

In 1996, a ValuJet airliner crashed in the Florida Everglades,
killing 110 people. In 1997, world chess champion Gerry Kasparov was
defeated by a computer, IBM's Deep Blue, in a six-game match in New
York City.

In 1998, India conducted the first of five underground nuclear tests.
Also in 1998, in what would be the second-largest merger in corporate
history, SBC Communications announced it would acquire Ameritech. The
deal would make SBC the largest local telephone service provider in
the United States.

A thought for the day: Alain Robbe-Grillet said, "The true writer has
nothing to say. What counts is the way he says it."

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 221 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Thu, May 11, 2000 (16:54) * 49 lines 
May 11 - History

n 1928, the first regularly scheduled television programs
were begun by station WGY in Schenectady, N.Y.

In 1987, Emmanuel Vitria died in Marseilles in southern
France at age 67, 18 years after receiving a transplanted
human heart. He was the longest-surviving heart transplant

In 1992, a three-day ordeal on Oregon's Mount Hood ended
safely for three climbers stranded with minimal gear by a
sub-zero whiteout.

In 1994, Joseph Hazelwood, captain of the Exxon Valdez, told
a federal court in Anchorage, Alaska, he'd had three vodkas
just hours before the tanker ran aground, spilling 11 million
gallons of oil into Prince William Sound in 1989.

In 1995, a federal grand jury in Detroit indicted James Nichols
with conspiring with Oklahoma City bombing suspects Terry
Nichols, his brother, and Timothy McVeigh to make and set off
bombs at James's farm in Decker, Mich.

In 1996, a ValuJet airliner crashed in the Florida Everglades,
killing 110 people.

In 1997, world chess champion Gerry Kasparov was defeated by a
computer, IBM's Deep Blue, in a six-game match in New York City.

In 1998, India conducted the first of five underground nuclear tests.

Also in 1998, in what would be the second-largest merger in
corporate history, SBC Communications announced it would acquire
Ameritech. The deal would make SBC the largest local telephone
service provider in the United States.

+------------------ Birthdays ------------------+
Ottmar Mergenthaler, inventor of the Linotype typesetting machine, in 1854
Songwriter Irving Berlin in 1888
Dancer-choreographer Martha Graham in 1893
Spanish surrealist painter Salvador Dali in 1904
Comic actor Phil Silvers in 1912
Actor Denver Pyle ("The Dukes of Hazzard") in 1920
Satirist Mort Sahl in 1927 (age 73)
Nation of Islam leader the Rev. Louis Farrakhan in 1933 (age 67)
Artificial heart developer Dr. Robert Jarvik in 1934 (age 66)
Actor Doug McClure in 1938; and actress Natasha Richardson in 1963 (age 37)

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 222 of 402: Cheryl  (CherylB) * Thu, May 11, 2000 (17:11) * 1 lines 
Today is the 100th aniversary of Kodak introducing the Brownie camera. It caused a revolution in photography, in that it allowed working class people to take it up, if not as a hobby, then as way to preserve their memories and chronicle their lives. In 1900 a camera could cost 3 weeks worth of the average working person salary, that was just the camera. Then George Eastman introduced the Brownie. Much of the cost of the Brownie was kept down by its being constructed of cardboard, later models would be made of plastic. The camera's advertising was also aimed at children. Firstly, the name, Brownie, a brownie was a kind of pokemon of the time. It was a kind of fairy, which all children could easily identify. The Brownie did indeed inspire some of its young recipients to take up photography. In 1916 Mr. and Mrs. Adams gave a Brownie to their son Ansel, the rest, as they say, is history.

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 223 of 402: spring today (sprin5) * Fri, May 12, 2000 (13:28) * 1 lines 
My friend Bob Nagy, picked up an ICOM camera today, he swears by this digital potography site but I forgot to write it down. But I'll see him tonight.

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 224 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Fri, May 12, 2000 (13:42) * 1 lines 
Did not know ICOM made a digital. My son has done incredible work with his digital and has converted more than a few SLR devotees. His photos are posted in Geo re: the lunar eclipse.

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 225 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Fri, May 12, 2000 (15:35) * 62 lines 
Strive.To Know Your History for May 12:

Today is Friday, May 12, the 133rd day of 2000 with 233 to
follow. The moon is waxing, moving toward its full phase. The morning
stars are Venus, Jupiter and Saturn. The evening stars are Mercury
and Mars. Those born on this date are under the sign of Taurus. They
include English painter and writer of limericks and nonsense poems
Edward Lear in 1812; nursing pioneer Florence Nightingale in 1820;

French composer Jules Emile Massenet in 1842; lawmaker and author
Henry Cabot Lodge in 1850; novelist Philip Wylie in 1902; actress
Katharine Hepburn in 1907 (age 93); newscaster Howard K. Smith in
1914 (age 86); convicted spy Julius Rosenberg in 1918; baseball Hall
of Fame member Yogi Berra in 1925 (age 75); composer Burt Bacharach
in 1929 (age 71); TV personality Tom Snyder and artist Frank Stella,
both in 1936 (age 64); comedian George Carlin in 1938 (age 62); and
actors Gabriel Byrne in 1950 (age 50), Bruce Boxleitner ("Babylon 5")
in 1951 (age 49), Ving Rhames in 1961 (age 39), Emilio Estevez in
1962 (age 38), Stephen Baldwin in 1966 (age 34), Kim Fields in 1969
(age 31); and MacKenzie Austin in 1973 (age 27).

On this date in history:
In 1922, the magazine "Radio Broadcast" commented, "The rate of
increase in the number who spend at least part of an evening
listening to radio is almost incomprehensible."

In 1937, George VI was crowned king of England, succeeding his
brother Edward, who abdicated to marry American divorcee Wallis

In 1949, Soviet authorities announced the end of a land blockade of
Berlin. The blockade lasted 328 days but was neutralized by the
Allies' Berlin airlift.

In 1975, a Cambodian gunboat fired on the U.S. cargo ship Mayaguez
and forced it into a Cambodian port. All 39 crewmen aboard were freed
but a number of U.S. servicemen died during a rescue mission two days

In 1991, Operation SEA ANGEL sent 8,000 U.S. troops to Bangladesh to
distribute relief packages to cyclone victims. In 1992, CIA Director
Robert Gates said he had begun declassifying all relevant information
on the President Kennedy assassination to end the "insidious,
perverse notion" that the CIA was involved.

In 1994, John Smith, 55, leader of Britain's opposition Labor Party,
died of a heart attack. In 1997, the White House appealed to the U.S.
Supreme Court a federal appeals court ruling that White House lawyers
worked for the government and could not claim a privileged
lawyer-client relationship with first lady Hillary Rodham Clinton. At
issue were notes taken by the lawyers at White House meetings with
Mrs. Clinton and special prosecutor Kenneth Starr's right to subpoena

In 1999, Treasury Secretary Robert Rubin announced he was resigning.
Rubin's policies were credited for contributing to the roaring U.S

A thought for the day: playwright Simon Gray said, "In my experience,
the worst thing you can do to an important problem is discuss it."

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 226 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Fri, May 12, 2000 (15:40) * 1 lines 
Thanks, Cheryl ! Ansel Adams imortalized my favorite place on earth, Yosemite. The rest is, Indeed, history!

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 227 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Fri, May 12, 2000 (22:06) * 99 lines 
Today is Friday, May 12, the 133rd day of 2000. There are 233 days left in the year.

Today's Highlight in History:

On May 12, 1820, the founder of modern
nursing, Florence Nightingale, was born in
Florence, Italy.

On this date:

In 1870, Manitoba entered Confederation as
a Canadian province.

In 1932, the body of the kidnapped son of
Charles and Anne Lindbergh was found in a
wooded area of Hopewell, N.J.

In 1937, Britain's King George VI was
crowned at Westminster Abbey.

In 1943, during World War II, Axis forces in
North Africa surrendered.

In 1949, the Soviet Union announced an end
to the Berlin Blockade.

In 1965, West Germany and Israel exchanged
letters establishing diplomatic relations.

In 1970, the Senate voted unanimously to
confirm Harry A. Blackmun as a Supreme
Court justice.

In 1975, the White House announced the new
Cambodian government had seized an
American merchant ship, the Mayaguez, in
international waters.

In 1978, the Commerce Department said
hurricanes would no longer be given only
female names.

In 1982, in Fatima, Portugal, security guards
overpowered a Spanish priest who was trying
to reach Pope John Paul II armed with a

Ten years ago: The presidents of Estonia,
Latvia and Lithuania forged a united front by
reviving a 1934 political alliance in hopes of
enhancing their drive for independence from
the Soviet Union.

Five years ago: President Clinton, during a
stopover in Ukraine, visited Babi Yar, where
the Nazis massacred more than 30,000 Kiev
Jews in 1941.

One year ago: Treasury Secretary Robert
Rubin announced he was quitting in July. (He
was succeeded by his deputy, Lawrence
Summers.) Russian President Boris Yeltsin
dismissed Prime Minister Yevgeny Primakov
and the Cabinet.

Today's Birthdays: Actress Katharine
Hepburn is 93. Journalist Howard K. Smith is
86. Critic John Simon is 75. Baseball
Hall-of-Famer Yogi Berra is 75. Composer
Burt Bacharach is 71. Talk show host Tom
Snyder is 64. Comedian George Carlin is 63.
Actress Millie Perkins is 62. Former White
House press secretary Ronald L. Ziegler is
61. Country singer Billy Swan is 58. Actress
Linda Dano is 57. Musician Ian McLagan is
55. Actress Lindsay Crouse is 52.
Singer-musician Steve Winwood is 52. Actor
Gabriel Byrne is 50. Actor Bruce Boxleitner is
50. Singer Billy Squier is 50. Country singer
Kix Brooks is 45. Actress Kim Greist is 42.
Actor Ving Rhames is 39. Rock musician Billy
Duffy is 39. Actor Emilio Estevez is 38.
Actress Vanessa Williams (formerly on
"Melrose Place") is 37. Country musician
Eddie Kilgallon is 35. Actor Stephen Baldwin
is 34. Actress Kim Fields Freeman is 31.
Actress Samantha Mathis is 30. Actress
Jamie Luner is 29. Actor Mackenzie Astin is
27. Singer Melanie "Sporty Spice" Chisholm
(Spice Girls) is 24. Actor Jason Biggs
("American Pie") is 22. Actors Sullivan and
Sawyer Sweeten ("Everybody Loves
Raymond") are 5.

Thought for Today: "Act well at the moment,
and you have performed a good action to all
eternity." -- Johann Kaspar Lavater, Swiss
theologian (1741-1801).

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 228 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Sat, May 13, 2000 (21:35) * 93 lines 
Today is Saturday, May 13, the 134th day of 2000.
There are 232 days left in the year.

Today's Highlight in History:

On May 13, 1940, in his first speech as prime
minister of Britain, Winston Churchill told the
House of Commons, "I have nothing to offer
but blood, toil, tears and sweat."

On this date:

In 1607, the English colony at Jamestown,
Va., was settled.

In 1842, composer Sir Arthur Sullivan, who
collaborated with Sir William Gilbert in writing
14 comic operas, was born in London.

In 1846, the United States declared that a
state of war already existed against Mexico.

In 1917, three peasant children near Fatima,
Portugal, reported seeing a vision of the
Virgin Mary.

In 1918, the first U.S. airmail stamps, featuring
a picture of an airplane, were introduced. (On
some of the stamps, the airplane was printed
upside down, making them collector's items.)

In 1954, President Eisenhower signed into
law the St. Lawrence Seaway Development

In 1954, the musical play "The Pajama Game"
opened on Broadway.

In 1958, Vice President Nixon's limousine
was battered by rocks thrown by anti-U.S.
demonstrators in Caracas, Venezuela.

In 1981, Pope John Paul II was shot and
seriously wounded in St. Peter's Square by
Turkish assailant Mehmet Ali Agca.

In 1985, a confrontation between Philadelphia
authorities and the radical group MOVE
ended as police dropped an explosive onto
the group's headquarters; 11 people died in
the resulting fire.

Ten years ago: Two U.S. airmen were shot to
death in the Philippines on the eve of talks
concerning the future of U.S. military bases;
the revolutionary New People's Army claimed

Five years ago: Army Captain Lawrence
Rockwood was convicted at his court-martial
in Fort Drum, N.Y., of conducting an
unauthorized investigation of reported human
rights abuses at a Haitian prison (the next
day, Rockwood was dismissed from the
military, but received no prison time).

One year ago: Russian lawmakers opened
hearings on whether President Boris Yeltsin
should be impeached. (The lower chamber of
parliament ended up rejecting all five charges
raised against Yeltsin, including one accusing
him of starting the Chechen War.) Pulitzer
Prize-winning editor and columnist Meg
Greenfield died in Washington at age 68.

Today's Birthdays: Actress Beatrice Arthur is
74. Critic Clive Barnes is 73.
Director-choreographer Herbert Ross is 73.
Actor Harvey Keitel is 61. Actor Franklin
Ajaye is 51. Singer Stevie Wonder is 50.
Basketball player Dennis Rodman is 39.
Country singer Lari White is 35. Singer Darius
Rucker (Hootie and the Blowfish) is 34.
Actress Susan Floyd ("Then Came You") is
32. Actress Samantha Morton ("Sweet and
Lowdown") is 23.

Thought for Today: "A nation is a society
united by a delusion about its ancestry and by
a common hatred of its neighbours." --
William Ralph Inge, English religious leader
and author (1860-1954).

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 229 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Sat, May 13, 2000 (23:51) * 108 lines 
May 14 - This Day In History

David Little was born in Buckhannon, West Virginia Happy Birthday, Sweetie!

On this date in:
Louis XIV became King
of France at age 4 upon
the death of his father,
Louis XIII.
Delegates began
gathering in
Philadelphia for a
convention to draw up
the U.S. Constitution.
English physician
Edward Jenner
administered the first
vaccination against
smallpox to an
8-year-old boy.
The Lewis and Clark
expedition to explore the
Louisiana Territory left
St. Louis.
The first Olympic games
to be held in the United
States opened in St.
Aaron Copland's
''Lincoln Portrait'' was
first performed by the
Cincinnati Symphony
The Women's Auxiliary
Army Corps was
Representatives from
eight Communist bloc
countries, including the
Soviet Union, signed the
Warsaw Pact in Poland.
The United States
launched Skylab 1, its
first manned space
U.S. forces raided the
Cambodian island of
Koh Tang and
recaptured the
American merchant ship
Mayaguez. All 40 crew
members were released
safely by Cambodia, but
some 40 U.S.
servicemen were killed
in the military operation.
President Carter
inaugurated the
Department of Health
and Human Services.
Actress Rita Hayworth
died in New York at age
Former Soviet President
Mikhail S. Gorbachev
addressed members of
the U.S. Congress,
appealing to them to
pass a bill aiding the
people of the former
Soviet Union.
Former football player
Lyle Alzado died in
Portland, Ore., at age
A tornado flattened 80
villages in nothern
Bangladesh, killing more
than 440 people.

Singer Frank Sinatra
died at age 82 after a
heart attack.
The hit TV series
''Seinfeld'' aired its final
episode after nine years
on NBC.
The Associated Press
commemorated its
150th anniversa

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 230 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Sun, May 14, 2000 (14:26) * 36 lines 
Reuters Today in History for May 14
LONDON (Reuters) - Here are some notable events from this date in history:
1885 - Otto Klemperer, German musical director and conductor, born. In his
early career he championed modern works.
1900 - The second modern Olympic Games opened in Paris, with women
being allowed to take part for the first time.
1904 - The Olympic Games were held in the United States for the first time,
at St. Louis, Missouri.
1912 - August Strindberg, influential Swedish playwright, died. Best known for
his ``Miss Julie'' and ``The Father.''
1919 - Henry John Heinz, U.S. food manufacturer, died; his food company
became famous for its slogan ``57 varieties.''
1921 - In the United States, Florence Allen became the first woman judge to
sentence a man to death. Frank Motto was tried on a murder charge and
executed on August 20.
1940 - Two thirds of the Dutch city of Rotterdam was destroyed by German
bombing. Almost 1,000 people died and at least 80,000 were made
1941 - Swiss student Maurice Bavaud was executed in Berlin. He had
planned to kill Adolf Hitler at a rally on November 9, 1938, but never got close
enough to shoot him.
1948 - The state of Israel was proclaimed at 4 p.m., eight hours before the
British mandate in Palestine was to end.
1955 - The Warsaw Pact was signed by the Soviet Union, Albania, Bulgaria,
Czechoslovakia, East Germany, Hungary, Poland and Romania.
1973 - America's Skylab I space laboratory was launched into earth orbit by
the last Saturn Five booster rocket.
1991 - Jiang Qing, widow of Chinese Communist Party chairman Mao Zedong
and leader of the ``Gang of Four,'' committed suicide.
1993 - U.S. newspaper magnate William Randolph Hearst Jr. died after a
heart attack aged 85.
1997 - Laurie Lee, who immortalized a sensual and earthy way of English
country living in his classic novel ``Cider with Rosie,'' died.
1998 - Frank Sinatra, one of the world's greatest popular singers, died. He
also appeared in a number of films including ``From Here to Eternity.''
19XX - David Nathan Little was born.

 Topic 5 of 10 [history]: This Day in History
 Response 231 of 402: Marcia  (MarciaH) * Mon, May 15, 2000 (14:08) * 217 lines 
World History - May 15

Birthdates which occurred on May 15:
1567 Claudio Monteverdi Cremona Italy, composer (L'Orfeo)
1856 Lyman Frank Baum children's book author (Wizard of Oz)
1859 Pierre Curie France, physicist (Nobel 1903)
1860 Ellen Louise Axson Wilson 1st wife of Woodrow Wilson
1862 Arthur Schnitzler Austria, playwright/novelist (La Ronde)
1890 Katherine Anne Porter US, novelist (Ship of Fools)
1891 Mikhail Bulgakov Russia, playwright/novelist/short-story writer
19-- Jim Phipps rock drummer (Every Mother's Nightmare-Hard to Hold)
19-- Peggy Pope Montclair NJ, actress (Billy, Mrs David-Soap)
1902 Richard Daley (Mayor-D-Chic)
1904 Clifton Fadiman Bkln NY, TV host (Information Please, Quiz Kids)
1904 Gustav-Adolf Boltenstein Sweden, equest dressage (Oly-gold-1952, 56)
1905 Joseph Cotten US, actor (3rd Man, Airport 77, Hearse)
1908 Lars-Erik Larsson Akarp Sweden, composer (Linden)
1909 James Mason England, actor (Lolita, Bloodline, Boys From Brazil)
1910 Constance Cummings US, actress (John & Julie, 7 Sinners, Glamour)
1910 Robert F Wagner (Mayor-D-NYC, 1949-65)
1912 Alexis Nihon Bahamas, wrestler (Olympics-1968)
1912 Arthur Berger NYC, composer (Ideas of Order)
1915 Paul A Samuelson economist (1970 Nobel, 1947 John Bates Clark Medal)
1916 Bill Williams Bkln NY, actor (Starlit Time, Date With the Angels)
1918 Eddy Arnold country singer (Anytime)
1918 Joseph Wiseman Montr‚al, actor (Dr No, Viva Zapata, Les Miserables)
1921 Erroll Garner Pittsburgh Pa, jazz pianist (Misty)
1923 Richard Avedon US, photographer (1957 ASMP award)
1924 Ursula Thiess Hamburg, actress (Monsoon, Bengal Brigade, Americano)
1926 Anthony Shaffer twin brother playwright (Sleuth)
1926 Peter Shaffer twin brother playwright (5 Finger Exercise, Equus)
1930 Jasper Johns artist (Green Target)
1936 Anna Maria Alberghetti Italy, actress/singer (Cinderfella)
1936 Paul Zindel playwright (Effects of Gamma Rays on Marigolds)
1937 Trini Lopez singer (If I Had a Hammer)
1938 Lenny Welch Asbury Park NJ, (Breaking up is Hard to Do)
1940 Paul Rudd Boston Mass, actor (Conn Yankee in King Arthçr's Court)
1941 Lainie Kazan Brooklyn, singer/actress (Lust in the Dust)
1942 Anthony W England Indianapolis Indiana, PhD/astronaut (STS 51F)
1944 Gunilla Hutton Goteborg Sweden, actress (Petticoat Junction)
1944 Miruts Yifter Ethiopia, 5K/10K runner (Olympic-gold-1980)
1948 Brian Eno Woodbridge England, singer (On Land)
1949 Frank L Culbertson Jr Charleston SC, Cmdr USN/astro (STS-38)
1953 George Brett WV, KC Royal 3rd baseman (1980 AL MVP)
1953 Mike Oldfield England, composer (Tubular Bells)
1954 Andrea Gyarmati Hungary, water polo player (Olympic, 1948-60)
1955 Lee Horsley Muleshoe Tx, actor (Nero Wolfe, Matt Houston)
1959 Andrew Eldritch rocker (Sisters of Mercy-Walk Away, Black Planet)
1963 Grant Herslov LA Calif, actor (Wayne-Spencer, Under One Roof)
1964 Pierre Trentin France, 1K time trials (Olympic-gold-1968)
1967 Omar Vizquel Caracas Venezuela, shortstop (Seattle Mariners)
1968 Todd Porter NJ, actor (Hamilton-Whiz Kids)
1973 Vic"Tori"a Davey Spelling LA Ca, actress (Donna-Beverly Hills 90210)
1974 Ahmet Rodan Zappa son of Frank
1981 Zara Anne Elizabeth Phillips 10th in succession to British throne

World Birthday Web (WBW)
Deaths which occurred on May 15:
1482 Paolo Toscanelli Italian physician & mapmaker, dies
1886 Emily Dickinson US poet, died
1985 Jackie Curtis playwright/actor, dies of a drug overdose at 38
1987 John Baur museum director, dies at 78
1988 Andrew Duggan actor, dies of cancer at 64


( Expanded with full Bios, history, & MIA report )


NEW !! POW-MIA Search Engine (Search by Name, DOB, Loss-Date, or Country-State )

POW / MIA Data & Bios supplied by the P.O.W. NETWORK. Skidmore, MO. USA

On this day...
884 Marinus I ends his reign as Catholic Pope
1248 Archbishop Konrad v Hochstaden lays cornerstone for K”ln cathedral
1602 Cape Cod discovered by English navigator Bartholomew Gosnold
1618 Johannes Kepler discovers his harmonics law
1702 War of Spanish Succession, 1st Amer conflict between England & France
1800 Pope Pius VII calls on French bishops to return to Gospel principles
1829 Joseph Smith ordained by John the Baptist according to Joseph Smith
1836 Francis Baily observes "Baily's Beads" during annular solar eclipse
1849 Philadelphia Turngemeinde founded
1856 2nd SF Vigilance Committee organized
1862 Battle of Drewry's Bluff, Virginia
1862 Department of Agriculture created
1862 Union Grounds, Brooklyn, 1st baseball enclosure, opens
1864 Battle of New Market, Virginia
1864 Battle of Resaca, Georgia (or 05/13)
1885 Canadian M‚ti insurgent Louis Reil captured, Saskatchewan
1891 British Central African Protectorate (now Malawi) established
1896 Tornado kills 78 in Texas
1911 Kappa Alpha Psi Fraternity, Indiana University, incorporates
1911 Sup Court dissolves Standard Oil violates Sherman Antitrust Act
1912 Ty Cobb rushes a fan at a NY Highlander game & is suspended
1915 A.T.&T. becomes 1st corporation to have 1 million stockholders
1918 1st regular airmail service (between NY & Wash) inaugurated
1929 Fire in X-ray film stock kills 125 at Crile Clinic (Cleve Ohio)
1930 Ellen Church becomes 1st airline stewardess, United (SF to Cheyenne)
1933 1st voice amplification system to be used in US Senate
1934 Dept of Justice offers $25,000 reward for Dillinger, dead or alive
1935 Pirates beat Phillies 20-5
1939 C Jackson discovers asteroid #1506 Xosa
1940 1st nylon stockings sold in US
1941 1st British turbojet flies
1941 Joe DiMaggio starts 56-game hitting streak; Yanks win 13-1
1942 Gasoline 1st rationed in US
1944 Cincinatti Reds Clyde Shoun no-hits Boston Braves, 1-0
1952 Detroit Tiger Virgil Trucks no-hits Wash Senators, 1-0
1952 Johnny Longden becomes 2nd jockey to ride 4,000 winners
1955 Austrian state treaty signed making itself independent again
1957 18,000 people at Madison Sq Garden-Billy Graham launched a crusade
1958 USSR launches Sputnik III
1960 Chic Cub Don Cardwell no-hits St Louis Cards, 4-0
1960 Sputnik 4 launched into Earth orbit; later recovery failed
1961 36 Unification church couples wed in Korea
1963 Last Project Mercury flight, L Gordon Cooper in Faith 7, launched
1967 Paul McCartney meets his future wife Linda Eastman
1968 "Wonderwall" with George Harrison premiers at Cannes Film Festival
1968 A tornado strikes Jonesboro Arkansas at 10 PM, killing 36
1968 Paul McCartney & John Lennon appear on Johnny Carson Show to promote
Apple records, Joe Garagiola is the substitute host
1969 Associate Justice Abe Fortas resigned from Supreme Court
1970 Mississippi Highway Patrol kills 2 at Jackson State College
1972 Bus plunges into Nile River killing 50 pilgrims. (Minia Eg